CN112021152A - Afforestation water-saving irrigation device - Google Patents

Afforestation water-saving irrigation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112021152A
CN112021152A CN202010959602.5A CN202010959602A CN112021152A CN 112021152 A CN112021152 A CN 112021152A CN 202010959602 A CN202010959602 A CN 202010959602A CN 112021152 A CN112021152 A CN 112021152A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
water storage
storage barrel
spraying
way valve
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN202010959602.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN112021152B (en
Inventor
田晓
胡靖宇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Heibei Tourism Vocational College
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Heibei Tourism Vocational College
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Priority to CN202010959602.5A priority Critical patent/CN112021152B/en
Publication of CN112021152A publication Critical patent/CN112021152A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B17/00Pumps characterised by combination with, or adaptation to, specific driving engines or motors
    • F04B17/03Pumps characterised by combination with, or adaptation to, specific driving engines or motors driven by electric motors

Abstract

The invention provides a water-saving irrigation device for landscaping, which comprises a bottom plate, a water storage barrel, a piston plate, a reciprocating driving mechanism, a transmission mechanism, a one-way valve and a spraying assembly, wherein the end part and the side surface of the water storage barrel are respectively communicated with the one-way valve, the piston plate is movably arranged in the water storage barrel, a spraying head in the spraying assembly is communicated with the one-way valve at the end part of the water storage barrel and is driven to rotate by the transmission mechanism, an elastic hose is communicated with the spraying head, a linear guide rail is arranged on a spraying head, a balancing weight is movably arranged in the linear guide rail, a pull ring is arranged on the side surface of the balancing weight. The reciprocating driving mechanism drives the piston plate to move in the water storage barrel, so that water pumping, pressurization and water spraying are realized, the rotating sprinkler head can uniformly spray water, the position of the counter weight block is changed under the action of centrifugal force in the rotating process of the sprinkler head, the inclined angle of the elastic hose is changed, and water can be uniformly sprayed on greening.

Description

Afforestation water-saving irrigation device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of garden machinery, in particular to a water-saving irrigation device for landscaping.
Background
The water-saving control device for landscaping provided by publication number CN210247807U provides a reaction force for the water spray elbow when the high-pressure water is sprayed from the water spray elbow, and under the reaction force, the rotating shaft pipe is driven to rotate to realize rotary water spray, but the angle of the spray head is fixed in the spraying process, so the coverage area of the water sprayed under the fixed water pressure is fixed, and thus it is inconvenient to realize self-adaptive coverage of the spraying area and uniform spraying.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a water-saving irrigation device for landscaping, which aims to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides an afforestation water-saving irrigation equipment, includes bottom plate, water storage bucket, piston plate, reciprocal actuating mechanism, drive mechanism, check valve and sprays the subassembly, wherein:
the water storage barrel is arranged on the bottom plate, the end part and the side surface of the water storage barrel are respectively communicated with a check valve, the piston plate is movably arranged in the water storage barrel, the reciprocating driving mechanism is used for driving the piston plate to reciprocate along the inner wall of the water storage barrel, the spraying assembly comprises a spraying head, an elastic hose, linear guide rails, a balancing weight, a spring and a pull ring, the spraying head is communicated with the check valve at the end part of the water storage barrel, the spraying head is rotationally connected with the check valve, the transmission mechanism is used for transmitting the power output by the power output mechanism in the reciprocating driving mechanism to the spraying head, the spraying head is driven to rotate, at least two elastic hoses are arranged on the side surface of the spraying head and communicated with the spraying head, at least two linear guide rails are arranged on the spraying head, the linear guide rails are movably provided with the balancing weight, and the springs are arranged between the linear guide, the side surface of the balancing weight is provided with a pull ring, and the end part of the pull ring is sleeved on the elastic hose.
Preferably, the part of the elastic hose contacting with the pull ring is in an inclined state, so that when the position of the pull ring is changed, the inclination angle of the inclined part of the elastic hose is correspondingly changed, and the coverage radius of the sprayed water is correspondingly changed.
Preferably, the installation directions of the one-way valves communicated with the end part and the side surface of the water storage barrel are opposite.
Preferably, the reciprocating driving mechanism comprises a motor, a turntable and a connecting rod, the motor is mounted on the bottom plate through a bolt, the power output end of the motor is fixedly sleeved with the turntable, one end of the connecting rod is hinged with the turntable, and the other end of the connecting rod is hinged with the piston plate.
Preferably, the transmission mechanism comprises a worm wheel, a worm, a large gear and a small gear, the worm wheel is fixedly sleeved at the power output end of the motor, the worm is installed on the bottom plate through a bearing and is meshed with the worm wheel, the large gear is fixedly sleeved on the spraying head, the small gear is fixedly sleeved at the end part of the worm, and the large gear is meshed with the small gear.
Preferably, the number of the elastic hoses is the same as that of the linear guide rails.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
according to the invention, the reciprocating driving mechanism drives the piston plate to move in the water storage barrel, so that water pumping, pressurization and water spraying are realized, the rotating sprinkler head can uniformly spray water, the position of the balancing weight is changed under the action of centrifugal force in the rotating process of the sprinkler head, the inclination angle of the elastic hose is changed, and the water can be uniformly sprayed on the green.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a three-dimensional schematic of the invention as a whole;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the overall structure of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a top view of the overall structure of the present invention.
In the figure: 1 bottom plate, 2 water storage barrel, 3 piston plate, 4 reciprocating drive mechanism, 5 transmission mechanism, 6 one-way valve, 7 spraying component, 41 motor, 42 turntable, 43 connecting rod, 51 worm wheel, 52 worm, 53 big gear, 54 small gear, 71 spraying head, 72 elastic hose, 73 linear guide rail, 74 balancing weight, 75 spring and 76 pull ring.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Example (b):
referring to fig. 1 to 3, the present invention provides a technical solution:
the utility model provides an afforestation water-saving irrigation equipment, includes bottom plate 1, water storage bucket 2, piston plate 3, reciprocating drive mechanism 4, drive mechanism 5, check valve 6 and sprays subassembly 7, wherein:
the water storage barrel 2 is fixedly arranged on the bottom plate 1 through bolts, the end part and the side surface of the water storage barrel 2 are respectively communicated with a one-way valve 6, the mounting directions of the end part of the water storage barrel 2 and the one-way valve 6 communicated with the side surface are opposite, the piston plate 3 is movably arranged in the water storage barrel 2, a sealing ring is arranged between the piston plate 3 and the inner wall of the water storage barrel 2, the one-way valve 6 at the end part of the water storage barrel 2 is in an unblocked state when the piston plate 3 rises, the one-way valve 6 at the side surface of the water storage barrel 2 is in a closed state, the effect of negative pressure water absorption is further realized, the one-way valve 6 at the side surface of the water storage barrel 2 is communicated with a water inlet pipe when the piston plate 3 descends, the reciprocating driving mechanism 4 comprises a motor 41, The water storage bucket comprises a rotary table 42 and a connecting rod 43, wherein a motor 41 is installed on a bottom plate 1 through a bolt, the rotary table 42 is fixedly sleeved at the power output end of the motor 41, one end of the connecting rod 43 is hinged with the rotary table 42, the other end of the connecting rod 43 is hinged with a piston plate 3, and further a motion mode of a crank slider is formed, so that the piston plate 3 can be driven to reciprocate along the inside of the water storage bucket 2 through the rotary table 42 and the connecting rod 43 when the motor 41 is started, a transmission mechanism 5 comprises a worm wheel 51, a worm 52, a large gear 53 and a small gear 54, the worm wheel 51 is fixedly sleeved at the power output end of the motor 41, the worm 52 is installed on the bottom plate 1 through a bearing and is meshed with the worm wheel 51, the;
the spraying component 7 comprises a spraying head 71, an elastic hose 72, linear guide rails 73, a balancing weight 74, a spring 75 and a pull ring 76, wherein the spraying head 71 is communicated with the one-way valve 6 at the end part of the water storage barrel 2, the spraying head 71 is rotatably connected with the one-way valve 6, a sealing ring is arranged between the spraying head 71 and the one-way valve 6, at least two elastic hoses 72 are arranged on the side surface of the spraying head 71 and are communicated with the spraying head 71, at least two linear guide rails 73 are arranged on the upper end surface of the spraying head 71, the number of the elastic hoses 72 is the same as that of the linear guide rails 73, so that the elastic hoses 72 are in one-to-one correspondence with the linear guide rails 73, the balancing weight 74 is movably arranged in the linear guide rails 73, the spring 75 is arranged between the linear guide rails 73 and the balancing weight 74, the pull ring 76 is arranged on the side surface of the balancing weight 74, the end, the inclination angle of the inclined portion of the flexible hose 72 is changed accordingly when the position of the pulling ring 76 is changed, and the sprayed water coverage radius is changed accordingly.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: the one-way valve 6 on the side of the water storage barrel 2 is communicated with the water inlet pipe, the motor 41 is started when irrigation is needed, and then the piston plate 3 can be driven to reciprocate along the inside of the water storage barrel 2 through the rotary disc 42 and the connecting rod 43, so that the one-way valve 6 on the end of the water storage barrel 2 is in an unblocked state when the piston plate 3 rises, and the one-way valve 6 on the side of the water storage barrel 2 is in a closed state, so that the effect of pressurization drainage is realized, and the one-way valve 6 on the side of the water storage barrel 2 is in an unblocked state and the one-way valve 6 on the end of the water storage barrel 2 is in a closed state when the piston plate 3 descends, so that the effect of negative pressure water suction is realized, wherein the reciprocating motion of the piston plate 3 realizes intermittent water suction and pressurization water spraying, so that the irrigation water enters the interior of the sprinkler 71, the elastic hose 72 communicated with the sprinkler 71 realizes sprinkling, and the worm wheel, the worm 52 transmits power to the gear pair formed by the large gear 53 and the small gear 54, the sprinkler 71 rotates at the moment, and the water sprinkled through the elastic hose 72 is umbrella-shaped due to the intermittent sprinkling and the constant rotation of the sprinkler 71, thereby achieving the effect of uniform sprinkling and effectively saving water resources;
when the irrigation range needs to be enlarged, the rotating speed of the motor 41 is adjusted to increase the rotating speed, so that the frequency of the reciprocating motion of the piston plate 3 in the water storage barrel 2 increases, the water absorption and pressurized water spraying speed is increased, the spraying amount is increased at the moment, the worm wheel 51 is driven by the motor 41, therefore, after the rotating speed of the motor 41 is increased, the rotating speed of the spraying head 71 is correspondingly increased, the centrifugal force applied to the weight block 74 on the linear guide rail 73 is increased, at the moment, the weight block 74 pulls the spring 75 to move in the direction away from the center of the circle of the spraying head 71, the position of the pull ring 76 is correspondingly changed, due to the elastic characteristic of the elastic hose 72, the inclination angle of the elastic hose 72 relative to the end face of the spraying head 71 is reduced, further, the distance of spraying water through the elastic hose 72 is increased, which is equivalent to the increase of the radius of spraying umbrella-shaped water, and further, the irrigation area is enlarged and the water-saving effect is ensured at the same time;
when the irrigation range needs to be narrowed, the rotation speed of the motor 41 is adjusted to be reduced.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides an afforestation water-saving irrigation equipment, includes bottom plate (1), water storage bucket (2), piston plate (3), reciprocal actuating mechanism (4), drive mechanism (5), check valve (6) and sprays subassembly (7), its characterized in that:
the water storage barrel (2) is arranged on the bottom plate (1), the end part and the side surface of the water storage barrel (2) are respectively communicated with a one-way valve (6), the piston plate (3) is movably arranged in the water storage barrel (2), the reciprocating driving mechanism (4) is used for driving the piston plate (3) to do reciprocating motion along the inner wall of the water storage barrel (2), the spraying component (7) comprises a spraying head (71), an elastic hose (72), a linear guide rail (73), a balancing weight (74), a spring (75) and a pull ring (76), the spraying head (71) is communicated with the one-way valve (6) at the end part of the water storage barrel (2), the spraying head (71) is rotatably connected with the one-way valve (6), wherein the transmission mechanism (5) is used for transmitting the power output by the power output mechanism in the reciprocating driving mechanism (4) to the spraying head (71) and further driving the spraying head (71) to rotate, the at least two elastic hoses (72) are arranged on the side face of the sprinkler head (71) and communicated with the sprinkler head (71), the at least two linear guide rails (73) are arranged on the sprinkler head (71), balancing weights (74) are movably arranged in the linear guide rails (73), springs (75) are arranged between the linear guide rails (73) and the balancing weights (74), pull rings (76) are arranged on the side faces of the balancing weights (74), and the end portions of the pull rings (76) are sleeved on the elastic hoses (72).
2. A water-saving irrigation device for landscaping as defined in claim 1, which comprises: the part of the elastic hose (72) contacted with the pull ring (76) is in an inclined state, so that the inclination angle of the inclined part of the elastic hose (72) is correspondingly changed when the position of the pull ring (76) is changed, and the coverage radius of sprayed water is correspondingly changed.
3. A water-saving irrigation device for landscaping as defined in claim 1, which comprises: the installation direction of the end part of the water storage barrel (2) is opposite to that of the one-way valve (6) communicated with the side surface.
4. A water-saving irrigation device for landscaping as defined in claim 1, which comprises: reciprocating drive mechanism (4) include motor (41), carousel (42) and connecting rod (43), motor (41) pass through the bolt and install on bottom plate (1), and its power take off end cover has carousel (42) admittedly, the one end and the carousel (42) of connecting rod (43) are articulated, and the other end is articulated with piston plate (3).
5. A landscaping water-saving irrigation device as claimed in claim 4, wherein: drive mechanism (5) include worm wheel (51), worm (52), gear wheel (53) and pinion (54), worm wheel (51) are overlapped at the power take off of motor (41) admittedly, worm (52) pass through the bearing and install on bottom plate (1) and mesh with worm wheel (51), gear wheel (53) are overlapped on sprinkler head (71) admittedly, pinion (54) are overlapped at the tip of worm (52) admittedly, wherein gear wheel (53) and pinion (54) meshing.
6. A water-saving irrigation device for landscaping as defined in claim 1, which comprises: the number of the elastic hoses (72) is the same as that of the linear guide rails (73).
CN202010959602.5A 2020-09-14 2020-09-14 Afforestation water-saving irrigation device Active CN112021152B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010959602.5A CN112021152B (en) 2020-09-14 2020-09-14 Afforestation water-saving irrigation device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010959602.5A CN112021152B (en) 2020-09-14 2020-09-14 Afforestation water-saving irrigation device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112021152A true CN112021152A (en) 2020-12-04
CN112021152B CN112021152B (en) 2022-05-03

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Family Applications (1)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112514778A (en) * 2020-12-09 2021-03-19 湖南财政经济学院 Agricultural irrigation device based on thing networking
CN112791476A (en) * 2020-12-25 2021-05-14 蒋春梅 Energy-saving high-efficient type sewage filters recovery plant
CN112808728A (en) * 2020-12-20 2021-05-18 宜昌市天信光学仪器有限公司 Reciprocating type belt cleaning device is used in processing of optical glass piece
CN113100027A (en) * 2021-03-22 2021-07-13 台州市铭泰建设有限公司 Assembled green building roof
CN113261548A (en) * 2021-04-28 2021-08-17 刘建业 Regulation formula afforestation medicine sprinkler based on municipal environmental protection engineering is used
CN113383693A (en) * 2021-06-11 2021-09-14 上海其图科技发展有限公司 Agricultural is with intensive formula irrigation equipment that has multi-angle regulatory function
CN113924949A (en) * 2021-11-11 2022-01-14 上海艳紫化工科技有限公司 Automatic irrigation system of agricultural thing networking

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1928789A1 (en) * 1968-06-26 1970-01-02 Hansen V C System for sprinkling water or fertilizers in greenhouses
CN104773535A (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-07-15 大连华锐重工集团股份有限公司 Oscillating type buffering device for car pressing mechanism of car dumper
CN107347852A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-11-17 任静 A kind of multi-faceted pesticide spraying device in gardens
CN107508239A (en) * 2017-08-28 2017-12-22 甘世昌 A kind of voltage wire ice removing device
CN108466948A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-08-31 河南省中原起重机械有限公司 A kind of Counterweight balance equipment of crane
CN207783754U (en) * 2017-10-20 2018-08-31 方六云 A kind of Contiuum type greenhouse automatic watering device
CN110966473A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-04-07 十堰派尔汽车管业有限公司 Brake hose with high-strength bending effect
CN210299199U (en) * 2019-05-16 2020-04-14 蔡洪涛 Agricultural irrigation device

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1928789A1 (en) * 1968-06-26 1970-01-02 Hansen V C System for sprinkling water or fertilizers in greenhouses
CN104773535A (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-07-15 大连华锐重工集团股份有限公司 Oscillating type buffering device for car pressing mechanism of car dumper
CN107347852A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-11-17 任静 A kind of multi-faceted pesticide spraying device in gardens
CN107508239A (en) * 2017-08-28 2017-12-22 甘世昌 A kind of voltage wire ice removing device
CN207783754U (en) * 2017-10-20 2018-08-31 方六云 A kind of Contiuum type greenhouse automatic watering device
CN108466948A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-08-31 河南省中原起重机械有限公司 A kind of Counterweight balance equipment of crane
CN210299199U (en) * 2019-05-16 2020-04-14 蔡洪涛 Agricultural irrigation device
CN110966473A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-04-07 十堰派尔汽车管业有限公司 Brake hose with high-strength bending effect

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112514778A (en) * 2020-12-09 2021-03-19 湖南财政经济学院 Agricultural irrigation device based on thing networking
CN112808728A (en) * 2020-12-20 2021-05-18 宜昌市天信光学仪器有限公司 Reciprocating type belt cleaning device is used in processing of optical glass piece
CN112791476A (en) * 2020-12-25 2021-05-14 蒋春梅 Energy-saving high-efficient type sewage filters recovery plant
CN113100027A (en) * 2021-03-22 2021-07-13 台州市铭泰建设有限公司 Assembled green building roof
CN113100027B (en) * 2021-03-22 2021-11-23 台州市铭泰建设有限公司 Assembled green building roof
CN113261548A (en) * 2021-04-28 2021-08-17 刘建业 Regulation formula afforestation medicine sprinkler based on municipal environmental protection engineering is used
CN113383693A (en) * 2021-06-11 2021-09-14 上海其图科技发展有限公司 Agricultural is with intensive formula irrigation equipment that has multi-angle regulatory function
CN113924949A (en) * 2021-11-11 2022-01-14 上海艳紫化工科技有限公司 Automatic irrigation system of agricultural thing networking

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