CN112020929A - Improved sandy soil structure convenient for crop irrigation - Google Patents

Improved sandy soil structure convenient for crop irrigation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112020929A
CN112020929A CN202010977953.9A CN202010977953A CN112020929A CN 112020929 A CN112020929 A CN 112020929A CN 202010977953 A CN202010977953 A CN 202010977953A CN 112020929 A CN112020929 A CN 112020929A
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layer
irrigation
sandy soil
crops
parts
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CN202010977953.9A
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刘利嘉
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刘利嘉
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Priority to CN202010977953.9A priority Critical patent/CN112020929A/en
Publication of CN112020929A publication Critical patent/CN112020929A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/40Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity for affecting fertiliser dosage or release rate; for affecting solubility
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/60Biocides or preservatives, e.g. disinfectants, pesticides or herbicides; Pest repellants or attractants
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners

Abstract

The invention discloses an improved sandy soil structure convenient for crop irrigation, which relates to the technical field of agricultural field, and comprises a planting field, a sidewalk and a irrigation groove, wherein the improved sandy soil structure convenient for crop irrigation comprises a planting field, a sidewalk and irrigation grooves, the improved sandy soil is divided into the planting field and the sidewalk, the irrigation grooves are arranged on the left side and the right side of the sidewalk, the bottom of the irrigation groove is provided with a water storage groove, the side wall of the water storage groove is fixedly provided with a plurality of groups of water guide pipes, the water guide pipes are paved in the irrigation layer of the planting field to irrigate the root of a crop, so that the problem that water is quickly evaporated on the surface of sandy soil is avoided, the absorption and utilization of the water by the crop are facilitated, the planting field comprises a mixing layer, an irrigation layer, a fertilizer layer and sandy soil, the unreasonable structure of the desertified soil is rectified, reasonable soil particles and soil body structures are built, the desert, The optimal distribution and the irrigation and fertilization of crops are managed accurately, and the coupling development of desertification land reclamation and modern agriculture is realized.

Description

Improved sandy soil structure convenient for crop irrigation
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of agriculture, in particular to an improved sandy soil structure convenient for crop irrigation.
Background
With the improvement of industrialization degree, the continuous acceleration of urbanization process and the continuous increase of population, the quantity of cultivated land in China is sharply reduced, the quality of the cultivated land is gradually declined, particularly, the phenomena of desertification and desertification of the cultivated land are serious, the desertification land area is widely distributed, and more than 30 provinces, cities and autonomous regions in the country are involved. The sandy soil has large pores, small pores, weak capillary action, loose soil texture and good permeability, so the sandy soil has poor water retention and weak water retention; meanwhile, organic matters in the sandy soil are decomposed quickly and accumulated less, so that the soil is poor in fertility preservation and poor in nutrients. Loss of water combined with loss of nutrients results in poor productivity of sandy soils. Although the investigation on the quality of cultivated land and the improvement on low-yield field soil are enhanced in recent years in China, effective measures for treating low-yield sandy soil are lacked.
The original purpose and daily use of the desertification land are controlled, and the water and the nutrients necessary for the plants in the sand soil are kept, so that the plants can grow alive. The previous research shows that the improvement of sandy soil is based on the input of a large amount of organic substances, the structural performance and the water-holding performance of the soil are improved through the addition of the organic substances, the formation of a granular structure is promoted, and the purposes of improving the physical properties of the soil and improving the wind erosion resistance are achieved; meanwhile, the nutrient-preserving capability of the soil is improved through the increase of organic matters, so that the land production capability is improved.
In recent years, in order to improve planting efficiency, improve water resource utilization efficiency and solve the problem of serious leakage of desertified land, farmers in desertified land areas adopt some engineering and chemical methods, and although the desertified land has a certain water-saving effect, the desertified land is beneficial to long-term application due to single function, and the trees can be widely applied to the desertified land.
Therefore, the method aims at the characteristics of poor soil barren fertility, poor soil aggregate structure, poor water and fertilizer retention capability and the like of the desertification land. The efficient utilization of the combined water and fertilizer requires the design and development of a desertification land improvement material and a method which are comprehensive in balance, water and fertilizer retention and have long-acting nutrition so as to effectively promote the desertification low-yield field improvement work.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems in the prior art, the invention aims to provide an improved sandy soil structure convenient for crop irrigation, and solves the problem that sandy soil is difficult to sow and cultivate due to land suitability in the prior art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the method comprises a planting field, a sidewalk and a pouring groove, wherein the planting field and the sidewalk are arranged at a ratio of 1:3-1:4, the sidewalk is arranged on two sides of the planting field and comprises a concrete layer, an anti-skid layer and a foundation, the foundation is arranged in the improved sand, the foundation is formed by mixing red clay and sand, the concrete layer is poured on the top of the foundation and is positioned above the ground, the concrete layer is formed by stirring concrete and sand, the upper surface of the concrete layer is paved with the anti-skid layer, the anti-skid layer is made of anti-skid materials such as anti-skid rubber and PVC (polyvinyl chloride) materials, the pouring groove is arranged on the left side and the right side of the sidewalk, the pouring groove is arranged in a trapezoidal groove structure, the pouring groove is built by concrete, and the watering groove is located above the ground, the bottom of the watering groove is provided with a rectangular water storage tank, the rectangular water storage tank is built by concrete, the top of the water storage tank is communicated with the watering groove through a valve, meanwhile, a plurality of groups of water guide pipes are fixedly mounted on the side wall of the water storage tank, the water guide pipes are paved at the bottom of the planting field, and a plurality of groups of nano water guide holes are formed in the side wall of the water guide pipes.
As a further scheme of the invention: the planting field comprises a mixing layer, an irrigation layer, a fertilizer layer and a sand land, wherein the mixing layer, the irrigation layer and the fertilizer layer are sequentially covered on the upper surface of the sand land from top to bottom, the thickness of the fertilizer layer is 5cm, and the fertilizer layer comprises improvement powder and improvement liquid.
As a further scheme of the invention: the improved powder comprises: the modified powder is prepared by mixing, drying and grinding 10 parts of decomposed organic fertilizer, 20 parts of monoammonium phosphate, 10 parts of potassium chloride, 30 parts of urea, 20 parts of straw ash and 10 parts of rotten mud.
As a further scheme of the invention: the improved liquid comprises: 20 parts of composite polymer organic hydrosol, 15 parts of humic acid, 35 parts of diammonium hydrogen phosphate, biuret, 20 parts of urea formaldehyde slow release fertilizer, 2 parts of triple superphosphate, 1 part of paclobutrazol, 1 part of trichlorfon and 1000 parts of water, heating to 70 ℃, fully stirring and mixing, and then cooling to normal temperature.
As a further scheme of the invention: the irrigation layer is formed by covering loess, the thickness of the irrigation layer is 10cm, a plurality of water guide pipes are covered inside the irrigation layer, the inside of the irrigation layer is irrigated through the water guide pipes, and the left side wall of the water conduit is provided with a climate detector which is positioned at the bottom of the irrigation layer, meanwhile, the top of the climate detector is fixedly provided with a connecting rod, the side wall of the connecting rod is arranged close to the side wall of the water guide pipe, the top of the connecting rod is fixedly provided with a detector display panel, wherein the connecting rod is arranged into a hollow cylinder structure, the display panel of the detector is electrically connected with the climate detector through the inside of the connecting rod, thereby the detection data of the climate detector is displayed through the detector display panel, and the connecting rod indicates the position of the water conduit, and an indicating rod is arranged on the right side wall of the water guide pipe, and the top of the indicating rod extends out of the top of the planting field.
As a further scheme of the invention: the mixed layer comprises loess and sandy soil, wherein the ratio of the loess to the sandy soil is 1:1.2-1:1.6, and the thickness of the mixed layer is 15 cm.
As a further scheme of the invention: and a plurality of groups of rectangular filter plates 31 are fixedly arranged on the oblique section of the irrigation groove.
As a further scheme of the invention: and the upper surface of the concrete layer is provided with a plurality of anti-skid stripes.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the mixed layer can also be prepared by mixing sand and red clay, wherein the ratio of the red clay to the sand is 1:1.5-1: 2.
A method for improving a sand land structure convenient for crop irrigation comprises the following specific operation steps:
the method comprises the following steps: selecting a sandy land with flat topography and less vegetation, pushing the sandy land to be flat, and reasonably dividing the planting field and the sidewalk according to the area ratio;
step two: on the sand ground with flat sand pushing, the ground is renovated downwards, the renovation depth is 30-40cm, the improvement powder is uniformly covered on the upper surface of the sand ground, the thickness is 5cm, then the improvement liquid is uniformly poured on the upper surface of the improvement powder, a plastic film or hay is covered, the humidity of soil clinker is controlled to be not less than 60%, moisture preservation and fermentation are carried out for 18 hours, the plastic film is removed, and the covering of a fertilizer layer is completed;
step three: covering a plurality of water guide pipes on the surface of the fertilizer layer according to actual requirements, communicating the water guide pipes with the water storage tank, installing a climate detector in the fertilizer layer corresponding to the left side wall of the water guide pipes, correspondingly installing a connecting rod and an indicating rod on the left side and the right side of the water guide pipes, covering a layer of loess on the surface of the fertilizer layer, and electrically connecting a display panel of the detector with the climate detector through the connecting rod to complete the covering of the irrigation layer;
step four: the method comprises the steps of compounding sandy soil and loess into soil according to the installation volume ratio of 1:1.5, laying the mixed new soil on the top of an irrigation layer, finishing the mixed layer with the thickness of 15cm, planting crops to be planted in the improved planting field, injecting water into a water storage tank through a watering tank, and watering the roots of the crops through a water guide pipe to finish the cultivation of the crops.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the irrigation ditch is arranged on the left side and the right side of the sidewalk, the rectangular water storage tank is arranged at the bottom of the irrigation ditch, a plurality of groups of water guide pipes are fixedly arranged on the side wall of the water storage tank and paved in an irrigation layer of a planting field, and a plurality of groups of nanometer water guide holes are formed in the side wall of each water guide pipe, so that the roots of crops are irrigated through the water guide pipes, the problem that water is quickly evaporated on the surface of sandy soil is effectively solved, and the irrigation ditch is more beneficial to the absorption and utilization of the water by the crops.
2. The planting field comprises a mixing layer, an irrigation layer, a fertilizer layer and a sand land, wherein the mixing layer, the irrigation layer and the fertilizer layer are sequentially covered on the upper surface of the sand land from top to bottom; the method provided by the invention can be used for renovating unreasonable structures of desertified land, building reasonable soil particles and soil body structures, changing the desertified land into usable land, and realizing the coupling development of desertified land renovation and utilization and modern agriculture through soil fertilization, crop optimal allocation and irrigation and precise fertilization management.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a top view of the sand structure of the present invention.
Figure 2 is a side view of the sidewalk and irrigation trough structure of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the planting field of the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a flow chart of the sand soil improvement of the present invention.
As shown in the figure: 1. planting field, 11, mixing layer, 12, irrigation layer, 13, fertilizer layer, 14, sandy soil, 2, sidewalk, 21, concrete layer, 22, anti-skid layer, 23, foundation, 3, irrigation groove, 31, filter plate, 32, valve, 4, water storage tank, 5, aqueduct, 6, climate detector, 7, detector display panel, 8, connecting rod, 9 and indicating rod.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "disposed," "sleeved/connected," "connected," and the like are to be construed broadly, e.g., "connected," which may be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Referring to fig. 1-4, in the embodiment of the invention, an improved sandy soil structure convenient for crop irrigation comprises a planting field 1, a sidewalk 2 and a irrigation groove 3, wherein a sandy soil with flat terrain and less vegetation is selected as an improved sandy soil, the improved sandy soil is divided into the planting field 1 and the sidewalk 2, the proportion of the planting field 1 to the sidewalk 2 is 1:3-1:4, the sidewalk 2 is arranged on two sides of the planting field 1, so that a planting worker can conveniently walk in the planting field 1, the sidewalk 2 comprises a concrete layer 21, an anti-skid layer 22 and a foundation 23, the foundation 23 is arranged in the improved sandy soil, the foundation 23 is formed by mixing red clay and sand, the weighing capacity and the waterproof performance of the foundation 23 are improved, a concrete layer 21 is poured on the top of the foundation 23, the concrete layer 21 is positioned above the ground, the concrete layer 21 is formed by mixing concrete and sand, the concrete layer 21 plays a role of reinforcing the bearing strength of the sidewalk 2 and prolonging the service life of the sidewalk 2 on one hand, the concrete layer 21 is positioned above the ground and plays a role of separating two adjacent planting fields 1 to facilitate the partition planting of different crops and avoid the interference between different crops, meanwhile, the upper surface of the concrete layer 21 is paved with a layer of anti-slip layer 22, the anti-slip layer 22 is made of anti-slip materials such as anti-slip rubber and PVC materials, the upper surface of the concrete layer 21 is provided with a plurality of anti-slip stripes, the anti-slip performance of the sidewalk 2 is greatly improved by matching the anti-slip stripes with the anti-slip layer 22, the left side and the right side of the sidewalk 2 are provided with the pouring grooves 3, the pouring grooves 3 are arranged into a trapezoidal groove structure, wherein the pouring grooves 3 are built by concrete, the pouring grooves 3 are positioned above the ground, the planting fields 1 are convenient for planting personnel to pour through the, the bottom of watering groove 3 simultaneously is provided with rectangle aqua storage tank 4, rectangle aqua storage tank 4 adopts the concrete to build equally, and valve 32 and watering groove 3 intercommunication are passed through at the top of aqua storage tank 4 together, through valve 32 will water 3 inside leading-in aqua storage tank 4 of water of watering groove, fixed mounting has multiunit aqueduct 5 on the lateral wall of aqua storage tank 4 simultaneously, aqueduct 5 is laid at the bottom of the ground of planting field 1, and multiunit nanometer guiding opening has been seted up on the lateral wall of aqueduct 5, water the root of crop through aqueduct 5, the effectual faster problem of moisture evaporation of avoiding at sandy soil ground surface, do benefit to the absorption and the utilization of crop to moisture more.
Referring to fig. 3, it can be seen that: the planting field 1 comprises a mixed layer 11, an irrigation layer 12, a fertilizer layer 13 and a sand land 14, wherein the mixed layer 11, the irrigation layer 12 and the fertilizer layer 13 are sequentially coated on the upper surface of the sand land 14 from top to bottom, the thickness of the fertilizer layer 13 is 5cm, and meanwhile, the fertilizer layer 13 comprises improvement powder and improvement liquid, wherein the improvement powder comprises: mixing and drying 10 parts of decomposed organic fertilizer, 20 parts of monoammonium phosphate, 10 parts of potassium chloride, 30 parts of urea, 20 parts of straw ash and 10 parts of sapropel, and grinding to obtain improved powder; the improved liquid comprises: 20 parts of composite polymer organic hydrosol, 15 parts of humic acid, 35 parts of diammonium hydrogen phosphate, biuret, 20 parts of urea formaldehyde slow release fertilizer, 2 parts of triple superphosphate, 1 part of paclobutrazol, 1 part of trichlorfon and 1000 parts of water, heating to 70 ℃, fully stirring and mixing, and then cooling to normal temperature.
Wherein, irrigation layer 12 adopts loess to cover and establishes, improve the water conservation and fertilizer conservation ability of planting the field, and irrigation layer 12's thickness is 10cm, irrigation layer 12's inside covers and is equipped with many aqueducts 5 simultaneously, irrigate layer 12 inside through aqueduct 5, and be provided with weather detector 6 on the left side wall of aqueduct 5, weather detector 6 is located irrigation layer 12's bottom, be used for detecting soil pH, humiture, soil salinity, the top fixed mounting of weather detector 6 has connecting rod 8 simultaneously, the lateral wall of connecting rod 8 is close to the lateral wall of aqueduct 5 and sets up, and the top fixed mounting of connecting rod 8 has detector display panel 7, wherein connecting rod 8 sets up into hollow cylinder structure, detector display panel 7 is in the same place through connecting rod 8's inside and weather detector 6 electric connection, thereby show the detection data of weather detector 6 through detector display panel 7, simultaneously connecting rod 8 instructs the position of aqueduct 5 to be provided with on the right side wall of aqueduct 5 and instruct pole 9, the top of instructing pole 9 stretches out from the top of planting field 1, fixes a position the position of aqueduct 5 through instructing pole 9 cooperation connecting rod 8, thereby guarantees to avoid aqueduct 5 at the planting crop in-process and plants.
The mixed layer 11 comprises loess and sandy soil, the ratio of the body force of the loess to the sandy soil is 1:1.2-1:1.6, the thickness of the mixed layer 11 is 15cm, and the mixed layer 11 is used as a soil environment for crop growth, so that lodging-resistant crops can be prevented, and the normal growth of the crops can be ensured.
Preferably, a plurality of groups of rectangular filter plates 31 are fixedly mounted on the oblique section of the irrigation tank 3, the filter plates 31 are used for containing rainwater or accumulated water on the upper surface of the sidewalk 2, the storage and utilization of water resources such as rainwater in the planting field 1 are increased, and the water resource utilization rate of the improved sandy soil structure is greatly increased.
Preferably, the mixed layer can also be prepared by mixing sandy soil and red clay, wherein the ratio of the body volume of the red clay to the body volume of the sandy soil is 1:1.5-1:2, so that the mixed layer is convenient for a planting worker to select according to actual conditions.
A method for improving a sand land structure convenient for crop irrigation comprises the following specific operation steps:
the method comprises the following steps: selecting a sandy land with flat topography and less vegetation, pushing the sandy land to be flat, and reasonably dividing the planting field 1 and the sidewalk 2 according to the area ratio;
step two: on the sand land with flat sand pushing, the land is renovated downwards, the renovation depth is 30-40cm, the improvement powder is uniformly covered on the upper surface of the sand land 14, the thickness is 5cm, then the improvement liquid is uniformly poured on the upper surface of the improvement powder, a plastic film or hay is covered, the humidity of soil clinker is controlled to be not less than 60%, moisture preservation and fermentation are carried out for 18 hours, the plastic film is removed, and the covering of a fertilizer layer 13 is completed;
step three: covering a plurality of water guide pipes 5 on the surface of a fertilizer layer 13 according to actual requirements, communicating the water guide pipes 5 with a water storage tank 4, installing a climate detector 6 in the fertilizer layer 13 corresponding to the left side wall of the water guide pipe 5, correspondingly installing a connecting rod 8 and an indicating rod 9 on the left side and the right side of the water guide pipe 5, covering a layer of loess on the surface of the fertilizer layer 13, and electrically connecting a detector display panel 7 with the climate detector 6 through the connecting rod 8 to complete the covering of an irrigation layer 12;
step four: the method comprises the steps of compounding sandy soil and loess into soil according to the installation volume ratio of 1:1.5, laying the mixed new soil on the top of an irrigation layer 12, finishing a mixed layer 11 with the thickness of 15cm, planting crops to be planted in an improved planting field 1, injecting water into a water storage tank 4 through a watering tank 3, and watering the roots of the crops through a water guide pipe 5 to finish the cultivation of the crops.
Although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes in the embodiments and/or modifications of the invention can be made, and equivalents and modifications of some features of the invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an improvement sandy soil ground structure convenient to crop is irrigated, includes planting field (1), pavement (2) and watering groove (3), its characterized in that: selecting a sandy land with flat terrain and less vegetation as a modified sandy land, dividing the modified sandy land into a planting field (1) and a sidewalk (2), wherein the proportion of the planting field (1) to the sidewalk (2) is 1:3-1:4, arranging the sidewalk (2) at two sides of the planting field (1), the sidewalk (2) comprises a concrete layer (21), an anti-skid layer (22) and a foundation (23), wherein the foundation (23) is arranged in the modified sandy land, the foundation (23) is formed by mixing red clay and sand, the top of the foundation (23) is poured with the concrete layer (21), the concrete layer (21) is positioned above the ground, the concrete layer (21) is formed by stirring concrete and sand, meanwhile, the upper surface of the concrete layer (21) is paved with the anti-skid layer (22), and the anti-skid layer (22) is made of anti-skid materials such as anti-skid rubber and PVC materials, the utility model discloses a plant field planting method, including pavement (2), watering groove (3) have been seted up in the left and right sides of pavement simultaneously, watering groove (3) set to the dovetail groove structure, wherein watering groove (3) adopt the concrete to build into, and watering groove (3) are located above the ground, the bottom of watering groove (3) is provided with rectangle aqua storage tank (4) simultaneously, rectangle aqua storage tank (4) adopt the concrete to build into equally, and valve (32) and watering groove (3) intercommunication are passed through at the top of aqua storage tank (4) together, fixed mounting has multiunit aqueduct (5) on the lateral wall of aqua storage tank (4) simultaneously, aqueduct (5) are laid at the bottom of the ground of planting field (1), and seted up multiunit nanometer guiding hole on the lateral wall of aqueduct (5).
2. A modified sandy soil structure for facilitating irrigation of crops as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the planting field (1) comprises a mixed layer (11), an irrigation layer (12), a fertilizer layer (13) and a sandy soil ground (14), wherein the mixed layer (11), the irrigation layer (12) and the fertilizer layer (13) are sequentially covered on the upper surface of the sandy soil ground (14) from top to bottom, the thickness of the fertilizer layer (13) is 5cm, and meanwhile, the fertilizer layer (13) comprises improvement powder and improvement liquid.
3. A modified sandy soil structure for facilitating irrigation of crops as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the improved powder comprises: the modified powder is prepared by mixing, drying and grinding 10 parts of decomposed organic fertilizer, 20 parts of monoammonium phosphate, 10 parts of potassium chloride, 30 parts of urea, 20 parts of straw ash and 10 parts of rotten mud.
4. A modified sandy soil structure for facilitating irrigation of crops as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the improved liquid comprises: 20 parts of composite polymer organic hydrosol, 15 parts of humic acid, 35 parts of diammonium hydrogen phosphate, biuret, 20 parts of urea formaldehyde slow release fertilizer, 2 parts of triple superphosphate, 1 part of paclobutrazol, 1 part of trichlorfon and 1000 parts of water, heating to 70 ℃, fully stirring and mixing, and then cooling to normal temperature.
5. A modified sandy soil structure for facilitating irrigation of crops as claimed in claim 4, wherein: irrigation layer (12) adopt the loess to cover and establish and form, and the thickness of irrigation layer (12) is (10) cm, the inside of irrigation layer (12) is covered and is equipped with many aqueducts (5) simultaneously, irrigate layer (12) inside through aqueduct (5), and be provided with weather detector (6) on the left side wall of aqueduct (5), weather detector (6) are located the bottom of irrigation layer (12), the top fixed mounting of weather detector (6) has connecting rod (8) simultaneously, the lateral wall of connecting rod (8) is close to the lateral wall of aqueduct (5) and sets up, and the top fixed mounting of connecting rod (8) has detector display panel (7), wherein connecting rod (8) set into hollow cylinder structure, detector display panel (7) are in the same place through the inside and weather detector (6) electric connection of connecting rod (8), therefore, the detection data of the climate detector (6) are displayed through the detector display panel (7), meanwhile, the connecting rod (8) indicates the position of the water guide pipe (5), an indicating rod (9) is arranged on the right side wall of the water guide pipe (5), and the top of the indicating rod (9) extends out of the top of the planting field (1).
6. A modified sandy soil structure for facilitating irrigation of crops as claimed in claim 5, wherein: the mixed layer (11) comprises loess and sandy soil, wherein the ratio of the loess to the sandy soil is 1:1.2-1:1.6, and the thickness of the mixed layer (11) is 15 cm.
7. A modified sandy soil structure for facilitating irrigation of crops as claimed in claim 1, wherein: and a plurality of groups of rectangular filter plates (31) are fixedly arranged on the oblique section of the pouring groove (3).
8. A modified sandy soil structure for facilitating irrigation of crops as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the upper surface of the concrete layer (21) is provided with a plurality of anti-skid stripes.
9. A modified sandy soil structure for facilitating irrigation of crops as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the mixed layer can also be prepared by mixing sand and red clay, wherein the ratio of the red clay to the sand is 1:1.5-1: 2.
10. A method of improving a sandy soil structure to facilitate irrigation of crops as claimed in claim 6, wherein the specific operational steps are as follows:
the method comprises the following steps: selecting a sandy land with flat terrain and less vegetation, pushing the sandy land to be flat, and reasonably dividing a planting field (1) and a sidewalk (2) according to the area ratio;
step two: on the sand land with the sand pushing and leveling function, the land is renovated downwards, the renovation depth is 30-40cm, the improvement powder is uniformly covered on the upper surface of the sand land (14), the thickness is 5cm, then the improvement liquid is uniformly poured on the upper surface of the improvement powder, a plastic film or hay is covered, the humidity of soil clinker is controlled to be not less than 60%, moisture preservation and fermentation are carried out for 18 hours, the plastic film is removed, and the covering of a fertilizer layer (13) is completed;
step three: a plurality of water guide pipes (5) are arranged on the surface of the fertilizer layer (13) in a covering mode according to actual requirements, the water guide pipes (5) are communicated with the water storage tank (4), meanwhile, a climate detector (6) is arranged in the fertilizer layer (13) corresponding to the left side wall of the water guide pipes (5), a connecting rod (8) and an indicating rod (9) are correspondingly arranged on the left side and the right side of the water guide pipes (5), then a layer of loess is covered on the surface of the fertilizer layer (13), and a detector display panel (7) is electrically connected with the climate detector (6) through the connecting rod (8), so that the covering of an irrigation layer (12) is completed;
step four: the method comprises the steps of compounding sandy soil and loess into soil according to the installation volume ratio of 1:1.5, laying mixed new soil on the top of an irrigation layer (12), finishing a mixed layer (11) with the thickness of 15cm, planting crops to be planted in the improved planting field (1), injecting water into a water storage tank (4) through a watering tank (3), and watering the roots of the crops through a water guide pipe (5) to finish the cultivation of the crops.
CN202010977953.9A 2020-09-17 2020-09-17 Improved sandy soil structure convenient for crop irrigation Pending CN112020929A (en)

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CN202010977953.9A CN112020929A (en) 2020-09-17 2020-09-17 Improved sandy soil structure convenient for crop irrigation

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4235561A (en) * 1979-02-12 1980-11-25 Glen Peterson Subterranean irrigation means and system
CN104145756A (en) * 2014-08-22 2014-11-19 静宁县静丰农牧果蔬科技有限公司 Method for covering dry-land apple grove with black and white microporous membrane for rainwater harvesting and drip irrigation
WO2014203421A1 (en) * 2013-06-16 2014-12-24 西日本圃場改良株式会社 Underground irrigation system
CN104892310A (en) * 2015-05-21 2015-09-09 甘肃省农业科学院旱地农业研究所 Desertificated land modifier and application thereof
CN106396941A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 广德明凯蔬果种植家庭农场 Novel compound microorganism fertilizer
CN107311810A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-11-03 安徽光世农业科技股份有限公司 Sandy land soil improvement method
CN207803045U (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-09-04 陕西瀚泰水利水电勘测设计有限公司 A kind of water-saving town road rain irrigation system
CN108738447A (en) * 2018-03-15 2018-11-06 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 A kind of sandy land reconfigured geometry and reconstruct regulation and the method for utilizing
CN209546487U (en) * 2019-01-07 2019-10-29 文山旺生堂药材有限公司 Notoginseng planting ground block structure

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4235561A (en) * 1979-02-12 1980-11-25 Glen Peterson Subterranean irrigation means and system
WO2014203421A1 (en) * 2013-06-16 2014-12-24 西日本圃場改良株式会社 Underground irrigation system
CN104145756A (en) * 2014-08-22 2014-11-19 静宁县静丰农牧果蔬科技有限公司 Method for covering dry-land apple grove with black and white microporous membrane for rainwater harvesting and drip irrigation
CN104892310A (en) * 2015-05-21 2015-09-09 甘肃省农业科学院旱地农业研究所 Desertificated land modifier and application thereof
CN106396941A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 广德明凯蔬果种植家庭农场 Novel compound microorganism fertilizer
CN107311810A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-11-03 安徽光世农业科技股份有限公司 Sandy land soil improvement method
CN207803045U (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-09-04 陕西瀚泰水利水电勘测设计有限公司 A kind of water-saving town road rain irrigation system
CN108738447A (en) * 2018-03-15 2018-11-06 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 A kind of sandy land reconfigured geometry and reconstruct regulation and the method for utilizing
CN209546487U (en) * 2019-01-07 2019-10-29 文山旺生堂药材有限公司 Notoginseng planting ground block structure

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