CN111993093A - Five-axis machining center of non-metal movable beam gantry and transportation method thereof - Google Patents

Five-axis machining center of non-metal movable beam gantry and transportation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111993093A
CN111993093A CN202010878548.1A CN202010878548A CN111993093A CN 111993093 A CN111993093 A CN 111993093A CN 202010878548 A CN202010878548 A CN 202010878548A CN 111993093 A CN111993093 A CN 111993093A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
axis
frame
gantry
ring
sliding
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010878548.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
闫新华
李军
甄守乐
陈振鹏
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Nobot Intelligent Equipment Shandong Co ltd
Original Assignee
Nobot Intelligent Equipment Shandong Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Nobot Intelligent Equipment Shandong Co ltd filed Critical Nobot Intelligent Equipment Shandong Co ltd
Priority to CN202010878548.1A priority Critical patent/CN111993093A/en
Publication of CN111993093A publication Critical patent/CN111993093A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/01Frames, beds, pillars or like members; Arrangement of ways
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/01Frames, beds, pillars or like members; Arrangement of ways
    • B23Q1/017Arrangements of ways
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/72Auxiliary arrangements; Interconnections between auxiliary tables and movable machine elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means

Abstract

The invention provides a five-axis machining center of a nonmetal moving beam gantry, which comprises: the worktable part is assembled, the lathe bed part is assembled, the gantry part is assembled, the Z-axis sliding plate part is assembled, the C-axis seat part is assembled, and the rotating arm part is assembled; meanwhile, the invention also provides a transportation method of the five-axis machining center of the non-metal movable beam gantry. The improvement of the five-axis machining center of the nonmetal moving beam gantry has the advantages of reasonable structural design, convenience in mounting and dismounting, capability of greatly shortening the whole width after dismounting, no potential danger of super width during transportation, convenience in transportation, good supporting effect, more balanced supporting force and capability of effectively preventing the deformation of a workbench.

Description

Five-axis machining center of non-metal movable beam gantry and transportation method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of machining centers, in particular to a five-axis machining center of a non-metal movable beam gantry and a transportation method thereof.
Background
At present, the nonmetal five-axis machining industry is mainly used for machining workpieces with the workpiece size of (length, width) 3 meters by 2 meters by using a fixed beam type gantry five-axis machining center, when the workpiece size width exceeds 2 meters, the outer width of a machine tool exceeds 3.2 meters, the width of a heavy truck is about 2.5 meters, the machine tool exceeds the width of a carriage, potential safety hazards can be caused during transportation, the supporting width of a working table surface exceeds 1.1 meters, central depression can be generated, and the machining precision is influenced.
In view of this, research and improvement are carried out to solve the existing problems, and a five-axis machining center for a non-metal movable beam gantry is provided, aiming at achieving the purposes of solving the problems and improving the practical value through the technology.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a five-axis machining center for a non-metal movable beam gantry, which aims to solve the problems and the defects in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides a five-axis machining center of a non-metal movable beam gantry, which is achieved by the following specific technical means:
nonmetal walking beam longmen five-axis machining center, its characterized in that includes: the worktable part is assembled, the lathe bed part is assembled, the gantry part is assembled, the Z-axis sliding plate part is assembled, the C-axis seat part is assembled, and the rotating arm part is assembled;
the workbench part comprises a workbench supporting frame, an aluminum profile and an adjusting base plate, and the adjusting base plate is arranged at the bottom of the workbench supporting frame; the aluminum profile is arranged above the worktable support frame;
the bed body part comprises a left side bed body part and a right side bed body part, and the left side bed body part and the right side bed body part have the same structure and are symmetrically arranged; left side lathe bed portion dress including: the lathe bed frame, the lathe bed adjusting base plate, the Y-axis guide rail and the Y-axis rack are arranged on the lathe bed frame; the lathe bed adjusting base plate is arranged at the bottom of the lathe bed frame; the Y-axis guide rail and the Y-axis rack are arranged above the lathe bed frame;
the gantry part comprises a gantry, an X-axis guide rail, an X-axis rack, a gantry sliding seat and a gantry driving motor;
the portal frame sliding seats are arranged at the bottoms of two sides of the portal frame; the gantry driving motor is arranged on the gantry sliding seat; in the portal frame sliding seat, a gear is connected with an output shaft of a portal frame driving motor, is adjacent to the gear and is provided with a sliding block; the X-axis guide rail and the X-axis rack are arranged above the portal frame;
the portal frame is connected with the left lathe bed frame and the right lathe bed frame through the portal frame sliding seat; a gear in the portal frame sliding seat is matched with a Y-axis rack; the slide block is matched with the Y-axis guide rail;
the Z-axis sliding plate part comprises an X-axis movement sliding seat, an X-axis movement driving motor and a Z-axis movement structure; the Z-axis movement structure comprises a lead screw mounting shell, a Z-axis movement driving motor, a sliding plate body and a lead screw;
the Z-axis motion structure is arranged on the portal frame through an X-axis motion sliding seat, and an X-axis motion driving motor is arranged on the X-axis motion sliding seat; in the X-axis motion sliding seat, a gear is connected with an output shaft of the X-axis motion driving motor, and a sliding block is arranged close to the gear; a gear and a sliding block in the X-axis moving sliding seat are respectively matched on the X-axis rack and the X-axis guide rail;
a Z-axis motion driving motor is installed outside the sliding plate body, a lead screw is connected with an output shaft of the Z-axis motion driving motor in the sliding plate body, a nut sleeve is connected to the lead screw in a matched mode to install the C-axis seat on the sliding plate body, and the C-axis seat is installed on the Z axis to lift; the C-axis seat part comprises a sliding block which is matched on the sliding rail; the C-axis rotating unit and the C-axis seat body are also included;
the C-axis rotating unit is arranged at the bottom of the C-axis base body, and the rotating arm body is arranged at the bottom of the C-axis rotating unit through a bolt; the A-axis rotating unit is installed at the lower part of the rotating arm body, and the electric spindle is installed on the A-axis rotating unit through a bolt.
Preferably, the workstation support frame is frame rack structure, and adjusting shim plate installs many places in the bottom of workstation support frame.
Preferably, an enclosure cover and an organ cover I are respectively fixed at two ends of the bed body frame; and two ends of the portal frame are respectively fixed with a sealing plate and an organ cover II.
Preferably, a dust cover is fixed on the gantry slide carriage.
Preferably, the two sides of the sliding plate body are provided with cylinders, and the action ends of the cylinders are connected with the C shaft seat.
Preferably, the C-axis seat structure shell is internally provided with: the slip ring mechanism, the C-axis transmission mechanism and the C-axis driving mechanism;
the C-axis transmission mechanism is arranged on one side of the C-axis driving mechanism, and the slip ring mechanism is arranged above the C-axis transmission mechanism; the C-axis driving mechanism comprises a bracket, a driving motor, a driving synchronous wheel and a synchronous belt; the driving motor is arranged on the bracket, and the driving synchronous wheel is arranged on an output shaft of the driving motor; the C-axis transmission mechanism comprises a speed reducer and a driven synchronizing wheel; the speed reducer is arranged on the bracket, and the driven synchronizing wheel is arranged on the speed reducer; the driven synchronous wheel is connected with the driving synchronous wheel through a synchronous belt;
the slip ring mechanism comprises a static ring fixing frame, a flexible fixing shaft, a movable ring fixing frame, a threading pipe, a movable ring connecting shaft, a static ring and a movable ring; the structure of the stationary ring fixing frame is as follows: the upper end is a semicircular fixing ring, the lower end is a circular fixing ring, and the two rings are connected and fixed through a fixing rod; the circular fixing ring is arranged on the speed reducer through a bolt; the flexible fixed shaft is fixed on the semicircular fixed ring and then is inserted and installed on the outer walls of the two sides of the static ring, and the static ring is installed in the semicircular fixed ring; the movable ring is connected to the bottom of the stationary ring, and the movable ring is connected with a movable ring fixing frame in a locking manner through a bolt; the top end of the movable ring connecting shaft is fixed with the movable ring fixing frame through screws, and the threading pipe is connected and fixed in the movable ring connecting shaft through a locking sleeve; the bracket is connected with the C-axis rotating unit.
The transportation method of the five-axis machining center of the non-metal movable beam gantry is characterized by comprising the following steps of:
before transportation, the portal frame is detached from the portal frame sliding seat and separated from the bed body; assembling and disassembling a Z-axis sliding plate part from a portal frame from an X-axis moving sliding seat, and splitting a non-metal moving beam gantry five-axis machining center into four independent individuals; packaging, loading and transporting;
and after the device is on site, the device is assembled at the split structure respectively.
Due to the application of the technical scheme, compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages:
1. the portal frame is arranged on the portal frame sliding seat through the bolts and is provided with the dismounting device, so that the portal frame is convenient to mount and dismount, the overall width of the portal frame can be greatly shortened after the portal frame is dismounted, the potential hazard of ultra-width is avoided during transportation, and the transportation is convenient.
2. The workbench supporting frame is of a frame structure, and the adjusting base plates are distributed at a plurality of positions at the bottom of the workbench supporting frame in an array manner, so that the supporting effect is improved, the supporting force is more balanced, and the workbench is effectively prevented from deforming.
3. The aluminum profiles are distributed and arranged at a plurality of positions above the worktable support frame in a linear array manner, and are arranged in parallel with the portal frame, so that the workpiece is convenient to mount and fix, the supporting effect is good, the bearing capacity is strong, the structural strength of the worktable support frame is improved, and the worktable support frame is not easy to bend and deform.
4. The portal frame can move on the Y axis relative to the bed body part, the Z-axis sliding plate part is relative to the portal frame and can move on the X axis, and the C-axis seat part is relative to the Z-axis sliding plate part and can move up and down on the Z axis; meanwhile, the rotating arm part can rotate in the direction of the C axis, and the electric spindle can rotate in the direction of the A axis, so that the forward and backward movement, the left and right movement, the up and down movement, the horizontal rotation, the up and down rotation and the strong flexibility of the electric spindle are realized, and the workpiece can be conveniently processed.
5. The five-axis machining center of the nonmetal moving beam gantry has the advantages of reasonable structural design, convenience in installation and disassembly, capability of greatly shortening the whole width after disassembly, no potential danger of ultra-wide during transportation, convenience in transportation, good supporting effect, more balanced supporting force and capability of effectively preventing the deformation of a workbench. Thereby effectively solving the problems and the defects of the invention.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the back structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic bottom view of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged schematic view of the structure at A of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of the structure at B of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of the structure at the point C of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural view of example 2 of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of example 3 of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the C-axis seat of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic structural view of a slip ring mechanism in embodiment 4 of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic structural view of a C-axis driving mechanism in embodiment 4 of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a sectional view of the inner structure of the C-axis housing of the present invention.
In the figure: the device comprises a workbench supporting frame 1, an aluminum profile 2, an adjusting pad plate 3, a left bed frame 4, an enclosure 4.1, an organ cover I4.2, a bed adjusting pad plate 5, a Y-axis guide rail 6, a Y-axis rack 7, a portal frame 8, a seal plate 8.1, an organ cover II 8.2, an X-axis guide rail 9, an X-axis rack 10, a sliding plate body 11, a Z-axis motion structure 12, a sliding rail 12.1, a Z-axis motion driving motor 12.2, a lead screw 12.3, a C-axis seat body 13, a sliding ring mechanism 13.1, a C-axis transmission mechanism 13.2, a C-axis driving mechanism 13.3, a C-axis rotation unit 14, a rotation arm body 15, an A-axis rotation unit 16, an electric spindle 17, a right bed frame 18, a portal frame sliding seat 19, a dust cover 19.1, a portal frame driving motor 20, an X-axis motion sliding seat 21, an X-axis,
The device comprises a slip ring mechanism 13.1, a stationary ring fixing frame 101, a flexible fixing shaft 102, a movable ring fixing frame 103, a threading pipe 104, a movable ring connecting shaft 105, a stationary ring 106, a movable ring 107, a C-axis transmission mechanism 13.2, a speed reducer 201 and a driven synchronizing wheel 202; c-axis drive mechanism 13.3, support 301, driving motor 302, initiative synchronizing wheel 303, hold-in range 304.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments.
It is to be noted that, in the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified; the terms "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "inner", "outer", "front", "rear", "head", "tail", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, are only for convenience in describing and simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed in a particular orientation, and be operated, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the invention.
Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," "third," and the like are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
Meanwhile, in the description of the present invention, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "connected" and "connected" should be interpreted broadly, for example, as being fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; the connection can be mechanical connection or electrical connection; may be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Example 1
Referring to the attached drawings, the five-axis machining center of the non-metal movable beam gantry comprises: the worktable part is assembled, the lathe bed part is assembled, the gantry part is assembled, the Z-axis sliding plate part is assembled, the C-axis seat part is assembled, and the rotating arm part is assembled;
the workbench part is provided with a workbench supporting frame 1, an aluminum profile 2 and an adjusting base plate 3; the adjusting base plate 3 is arranged at the bottom of the workbench supporting frame 1, and the adjusting base plate 3 is fixedly connected with the workbench supporting frame 1 through bolts; the aluminum profile 2 is arranged above the workbench supporting frame 1, and the aluminum profile 2 is fixedly connected with the workbench supporting frame 1 through bolts;
the worktable support frame 1 is of a frame type structure, and a plurality of positions are arranged at the bottom of the worktable support frame 1 by the adjusting shim plate 3. The supporting effect is improved, the supporting force is more balanced, and the deformation of the workbench is effectively prevented. Aluminium alloy 2 is fixed in the top of workstation support frame 1, and aluminium alloy 2 is parallel with portal frame 8. The installation, the fixed of convenient work piece, the supporting effect is good, bearing capacity is strong, improves the structural strength of workstation support frame simultaneously, is difficult for buckling, warp.
In the bed body part assembly, the left bed body part assembly and the right bed body part assembly have the same structure and are symmetrically arranged; the bed adjusting cushion plate 5 is arranged at the bottoms of the left bed frame 4 and the right bed frame 18 through bolts; the Y-axis guide rail 6 and the Y-axis rack 7 are arranged above the left bed frame 4 and the right bed frame 18, and the Y-axis guide rail 6 and the Y-axis rack 7 are fixedly connected with the left bed frame 4 and the right bed frame 18 through bolts;
the gantry part comprises a gantry 8, an X-axis guide rail 9, an X-axis rack 10, a gantry slide seat 19 and a gantry driving motor 20;
the portal frame sliding seats 19 are arranged at the bottoms of two sides of the portal frame 8, and the portal frame sliding seats 19 are fixedly connected with the portal frame 8 through bolts, as shown in fig. 1, the installation and the disassembly are convenient, the overall width can be greatly shortened after the portal frame is disassembled, the ultra-wide hidden danger cannot be generated during transportation, and the transportation is convenient; the gantry driving motor 20 is mounted on the gantry slide carriage 19 through bolts; in the portal frame sliding seat 19, an output shaft of a portal frame driving motor 20 is connected with a gear, is adjacent to the gear and is provided with a sliding block; the X-axis guide rail 9 and the X-axis rack 10 are arranged above the portal frame 8, and the X-axis guide rail 9, the X-axis rack 10 and the portal frame 8 are fixed through bolts;
the left lathe bed frame 4 is arranged below one side of the portal frame 8, the right lathe bed frame 18 is arranged below the other side of the portal frame 8, and the portal frame 8 is connected with the left lathe bed frame 4 and the right lathe bed frame 18 through a portal frame sliding seat 19; a gear in the portal frame sliding seat 19 is matched with the Y-axis rack 7; the slide block is matched with the Y-axis guide rail 6, so that the portal frame 8 can slide in the X-axis direction;
the Z-axis sliding plate part comprises an X-axis motion sliding seat 21, an X-axis motion driving motor 22 and a Z-axis motion structure 12; the Z-axis motion structure 12 comprises a sliding plate body 11, a Z-axis motion driving motor 12.2 and a lead screw 12.3;
the Z-axis movement structure 12 is arranged on the portal frame 8 through an X-axis movement sliding seat 21, and an X-axis movement driving motor 22 is arranged on the X-axis movement sliding seat 21; in the X-axis motion sliding seat 21, a gear is connected with an output shaft of an X-axis motion driving motor 22, and a sliding block is arranged close to the gear; a gear and a slide block in the X-axis moving slide seat 21 are respectively matched on the X-axis rack 10 and the X-axis guide rail 9, so that the Z-axis moving structure 12 is driven to move in the X-axis direction;
a Z-axis motion driving motor 12.2 is installed outside the sliding plate body 11, an output shaft of the Z-axis motion driving motor 12.2 is connected with a lead screw 12.3 in the sliding plate body 11, a nut sleeve is connected to the lead screw 12.3 in a matched mode to install the C shaft seat on the sliding plate body 11, and the C shaft seat is installed on the Z shaft to lift; the sliding plate body 11 is further provided with a sliding rail 12.1, the C-axis seat part comprises a sliding block, and the sliding block is matched on the sliding rail 12.1.
The C-axis rotating unit 14 is installed at the bottom of the C-axis seat body 13, the rotating arm body 15 is installed at the bottom of the C-axis rotating unit 14 through a bolt, and the C-axis rotating unit 14 drives the rotating arm body 15 to rotate in the C-axis direction; the a-axis rotation unit 16 is installed at the lower part of the rotation arm body 15, and the electric spindle 17 is installed on the a-axis rotation unit 16 through a bolt, and the a-axis rotation unit 16 drives the electric spindle 17 to rotate in the a-axis direction.
Example 2
On the basis of the structure of the embodiment 1, two ends of a bed body frame are respectively fixed with a sealing cover 4.1 and an organ cover I4.2, and a Y-axis guide rail 6 and a Y-axis rack 7 are covered in the sealing cover; two ends of the portal frame are respectively fixed with a sealing plate 8.1 and an organ cover II 8.2, and an X-axis guide rail 9 and an X-axis rack 10 are covered in the sealing plates; and a dust cover 19.1 is fixed on the portal frame sliding seat 19.
Example 3
On the basis of the structure of the embodiment 1, the two sides of the sliding plate body 11 are provided with the cylinders 23, the action ends of the cylinders 23 are connected with the C shaft seat part, and the movement of the C shaft seat part arranged on the Z shaft is assisted.
Example 4
Example 1 structure: c axle pedestal 13 structure casing in be provided with: a slip ring mechanism 13.1, a C-axis transmission mechanism 13.2 and a C-axis driving mechanism 13.3;
the C-axis transmission mechanism 13.2 is arranged at one side of the C-axis driving mechanism 13.3, and the slip ring mechanism 13.1 is arranged above the C-axis transmission mechanism 13.2;
the C-axis driving mechanism 13.3 comprises a bracket 301, a driving motor 302, a driving synchronous wheel 303 and a synchronous belt 304; the driving motor 302 is installed at the top end of the bracket 301 through a bolt, and the driving synchronizing wheel 303 is installed on an output shaft of the driving motor 302; the C-axis transmission mechanism 2 comprises a speed reducer 201 and a driven synchronizing wheel 202; the speed reducer 201 is embedded in the bracket 301, and the driven synchronous wheel 202 is arranged at the top end of the speed reducer 201; the driven synchronizing wheel 202 is connected with the driving synchronizing wheel 303 through a synchronous belt 304;
the slip ring mechanism 1 comprises a stationary ring fixing frame 101, a flexible fixing shaft 102, a movable ring fixing frame 103, a threading pipe 104, a movable ring connecting shaft 105, a stationary ring 106 and a movable ring 107;
the structure of the stationary ring fixing frame 101 is as follows: the upper end is a semicircular fixing ring, the lower end is a circular fixing ring, and the two rings are connected and fixed through a fixing rod.
The circular fixing ring is arranged above the speed reducer 201 through a bolt; after the flexible fixing shaft 102 is fixed on the semicircular fixing ring, the flexible fixing shaft is inserted and installed on the outer walls of two sides of the static ring 106, and the static ring 106 is installed in the semicircular fixing ring; the movable ring 107 is connected to the bottom of the stationary ring 106, and the movable ring 107 is connected with the movable ring fixing frame 103 in a locking manner through bolts; the top end of the movable ring connecting shaft 105 is fixed with the movable ring fixing frame 103 through screws, and the threading pipe 104 is connected and fixed in the movable ring connecting shaft 105 through a locking sleeve;
the concentricity of the stationary ring 106 during rotation is ensured by the insertion flexible installation mode of the flexible fixing shaft 102 and the threading pipe 104; the flexible installation mode of the flexible fixing shaft 102 can reduce the radial force of the static ring 106 between the static ring fixing frame 102 and the static ring fixing frame 103, ensure that the static ring 106 does not bear the influence of torque when rotating, prolong the service life of the static ring, realize the unlimited rotation of the C shaft through an exquisite slip ring structure, reduce idle stroke tool paths and improve the cutting efficiency;
the bracket 301 is connected to the C-axis rotating unit 14, thereby moving the rotating arm body 15 on the C-axis.
Example 5
In embodiment 1, the transportation method of the non-metal moving beam gantry five-axis machining center includes the following steps:
before transportation, the portal frame 8 is detached from the portal frame slide carriage 19 and separated from the bed body; the Z-axis slide plate is assembled on the portal frame 8 and disassembled from the X-axis moving slide seat, and the five-axis machining center of the non-metal moving beam portal is disassembled into four independent individuals; the parts are assembled with the worktable and are respectively packaged, loaded and transported;
and after the device is on site, the device is assembled at the split structure respectively. The potential hazard of superwidth cannot occur during transportation; the proper number of adjusting base plates 3 are selected and installed according to the width of the workbench supporting frame 1, so that the number of supporting points is increased, and the deformation of the workbench surface is avoided; the electric spindle 17 can rotate up and down, rotate horizontally, move up and down, move left and right, move forward and backward, and the actions can be operated singly or simultaneously, so that five-axis linkage is realized, the flexibility is strong, and workpieces can be processed conveniently.
After the C shaft seat body structure in the embodiment 1 is adopted, the unlimited forward and reverse rotation of the C shaft can be realized.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (7)

1. Nonmetal walking beam longmen five-axis machining center, its characterized in that includes: the worktable part is assembled, the lathe bed part is assembled, the gantry part is assembled, the Z-axis sliding plate part is assembled, the C-axis seat part is assembled, and the rotating arm part is assembled;
the workbench part comprises a workbench supporting frame, an aluminum profile and an adjusting base plate, and the adjusting base plate is arranged at the bottom of the workbench supporting frame; the aluminum profile is arranged above the worktable support frame;
the bed body part comprises a left side bed body part and a right side bed body part, and the left side bed body part and the right side bed body part have the same structure and are symmetrically arranged; left side lathe bed portion dress including: the lathe bed frame, the lathe bed adjusting base plate, the Y-axis guide rail and the Y-axis rack are arranged on the lathe bed frame; the lathe bed adjusting base plate is arranged at the bottom of the lathe bed frame; the Y-axis guide rail and the Y-axis rack are arranged above the lathe bed frame;
the gantry part comprises a gantry, an X-axis guide rail, an X-axis rack, a gantry sliding seat and a gantry driving motor;
the portal frame sliding seats are arranged at the bottoms of two sides of the portal frame; the gantry driving motor is arranged on the gantry sliding seat; in the portal frame sliding seat, a gear is connected with an output shaft of a portal frame driving motor, is adjacent to the gear and is provided with a sliding block; the X-axis guide rail and the X-axis rack are arranged above the portal frame;
the portal frame is connected with the left lathe bed frame and the right lathe bed frame through the portal frame sliding seat; a gear in the portal frame sliding seat is matched with a Y-axis rack; the slide block is matched with the Y-axis guide rail;
the Z-axis sliding plate part comprises an X-axis movement sliding seat, an X-axis movement driving motor and a Z-axis movement structure; the Z-axis movement structure comprises a lead screw mounting shell, a Z-axis movement driving motor, a sliding plate body and a lead screw;
the Z-axis motion structure is arranged on the portal frame through an X-axis motion sliding seat, and an X-axis motion driving motor is arranged on the X-axis motion sliding seat; in the X-axis motion sliding seat, a gear is connected with an output shaft of the X-axis motion driving motor, and a sliding block is arranged close to the gear; a gear and a sliding block in the X-axis moving sliding seat are respectively matched on the X-axis rack and the X-axis guide rail;
a Z-axis motion driving motor is installed outside the sliding plate body, a lead screw is connected with an output shaft of the Z-axis motion driving motor in the sliding plate body, a nut sleeve is connected to the lead screw in a matched mode to install the C-axis seat on the sliding plate body, and the C-axis seat is installed on the Z axis to lift; the C-axis seat part comprises a sliding block which is matched on the sliding rail; (ii) a The C-axis rotating unit and the C-axis seat body are also included;
the C-axis rotating unit is arranged at the bottom of the C-axis base body, and the rotating arm body is arranged at the bottom of the C-axis rotating unit through a bolt; the A-axis rotating unit is installed at the lower part of the rotating arm body, and the electric spindle is installed on the A-axis rotating unit through a bolt.
2. The five-axis machining center for the non-metal moving beam gantry of claim 1, wherein the worktable support frame is of a frame type structure, and the adjusting shim plate is mounted at a plurality of positions at the bottom of the worktable support frame.
3. The five-axis machining center of the non-metal moving beam gantry is characterized in that an enclosure and an organ enclosure I are respectively fixed at two ends of the lathe bed frame; and two ends of the portal frame are respectively fixed with a sealing plate and an organ cover II.
4. The five-axis machining center for the non-metal moving beam gantry of claim 1, wherein a dust cover is fixed on the gantry slide carriage.
5. The five-axis machining center for the non-metal moving beam gantry of claim 1, wherein cylinders are arranged on two sides of the sliding plate body, and the action ends of the cylinders are connected with a C shaft seat.
6. The five-axis machining center for the non-metal moving beam gantry of claim 1, wherein the structural shell of the C shaft seat body is internally provided with: the slip ring mechanism, the C-axis transmission mechanism and the C-axis driving mechanism;
the C-axis transmission mechanism is arranged on one side of the C-axis driving mechanism, and the slip ring mechanism is arranged above the C-axis transmission mechanism; the C-axis driving mechanism comprises a bracket, a driving motor, a driving synchronous wheel and a synchronous belt; the driving motor is arranged on the bracket, and the driving synchronous wheel is arranged on an output shaft of the driving motor; the C-axis transmission mechanism comprises a speed reducer and a driven synchronizing wheel; the speed reducer is arranged on the bracket, and the driven synchronizing wheel is arranged on the speed reducer; the driven synchronous wheel is connected with the driving synchronous wheel through a synchronous belt;
the slip ring mechanism comprises a static ring fixing frame, a flexible fixing shaft, a movable ring fixing frame, a threading pipe, a movable ring connecting shaft, a static ring and a movable ring; the structure of the stationary ring fixing frame is as follows: the upper end is a semicircular fixing ring, the lower end is a circular fixing ring, and the two rings are connected and fixed through a fixing rod; the circular fixing ring is arranged on the speed reducer through a bolt; the flexible fixed shaft is fixed on the semicircular fixed ring and then is inserted and installed on the outer walls of the two sides of the static ring, and the static ring is installed in the semicircular fixed ring; the movable ring is connected to the bottom of the stationary ring, and the movable ring is connected with a movable ring fixing frame in a locking manner through a bolt; the top end of the movable ring connecting shaft is fixed with the movable ring fixing frame through screws, and the threading pipe is connected and fixed in the movable ring connecting shaft through a locking sleeve; the bracket is connected with the C-axis rotating unit.
7. The transportation method of the five-axis machining center of the non-metal moving beam gantry of claim 1 is characterized by comprising the following steps of:
before transportation, the portal frame is detached from the portal frame sliding seat and separated from the bed body; assembling and disassembling a Z-axis sliding plate part from a portal frame from an X-axis moving sliding seat, and splitting a non-metal moving beam gantry five-axis machining center into four independent individuals; packaging, loading and transporting;
and after the device is on site, the device is assembled at the split structure respectively.
CN202010878548.1A 2020-08-27 2020-08-27 Five-axis machining center of non-metal movable beam gantry and transportation method thereof Pending CN111993093A (en)

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