CN111974687A - Gorgon fruit seed grain grading plant with adjustable - Google Patents

Gorgon fruit seed grain grading plant with adjustable Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111974687A
CN111974687A CN202010968160.0A CN202010968160A CN111974687A CN 111974687 A CN111974687 A CN 111974687A CN 202010968160 A CN202010968160 A CN 202010968160A CN 111974687 A CN111974687 A CN 111974687A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
shaped
groove
push
push rod
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Pending
Application number
CN202010968160.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吕小莲
朱丹宁
黄恭伟
张孝琼
时晓杰
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Chuzhou University
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Chuzhou University
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Publication date
Application filed by Chuzhou University filed Critical Chuzhou University
Priority to CN202010968160.0A priority Critical patent/CN111974687A/en
Publication of CN111974687A publication Critical patent/CN111974687A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B13/00Grading or sorting solid materials by dry methods, not otherwise provided for; Sorting articles otherwise than by indirectly controlled devices
    • B07B13/04Grading or sorting solid materials by dry methods, not otherwise provided for; Sorting articles otherwise than by indirectly controlled devices according to size
    • B07B13/075Apparatus comprising moving article - receiving openings, the size of which varies as they move
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B13/00Grading or sorting solid materials by dry methods, not otherwise provided for; Sorting articles otherwise than by indirectly controlled devices
    • B07B13/14Details or accessories

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  • Apparatuses For Bulk Treatment Of Fruits And Vegetables And Apparatuses For Preparing Feeds (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses an adjustable gorgon fruit seed grading device which comprises a support frame, wherein a mounting bottom plate is fixed on the support frame, a hopper is fixed on the mounting bottom plate, a plurality of upper strip-shaped through grooves are formed in the position, located inside the hopper, of the mounting bottom plate, a single upper strip-shaped through groove extends in the left-right direction, the upper strip-shaped through grooves are arranged side by side in the front-back direction, a push plate is arranged at the bottom of the mounting bottom plate in a sliding mode and can slide in the front-back direction of the mounting bottom plate, a plurality of lower strip-shaped through grooves are formed in the push plate, a single lower strip-shaped through groove extends in the left-right direction, the lower strip-shaped through grooves are arranged side by side in the front-back direction, a grading through groove is formed in the overlapped part of the upper strip-shaped through groove and the lower strip-shaped through groove, the push. The invention has the advantages that: the grading of gorgon fruit seeds with different sizes can be realized.

Description

Gorgon fruit seed grain grading plant with adjustable
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of agricultural machinery, in particular to an adjustable gorgon fruit seed grading device.
Background
The history of manually planting gorgon fruit in China is long, the gorgon fruit is widely distributed, the gorgon fruit is mostly distributed and cultivated in lakes, ponds and beaches, and the current main production areas comprise Jiangsu, Shandong, Hunan, Hubei, Anhui and other provinces. The gorgon fruit has higher nutrition, health care and economic value, and is a main export agricultural product in China. The gorgon euryale seeds are generally circular shelled seeds with different sizes, and in order to realize later-stage sales according to grades and shelling in a mechanical production process, the gorgon euryale seeds need to be classified and screened, the gorgon euryale seeds are classified according to sizes, seeds with uniform sizes and different size grades are screened, and meanwhile, unsaturated seeds, small-particle seeds and sundries which are mixed in the gorgon euryale seeds are removed. At present, the sieving mechanism who adopts screen cloth or installation fixed screen cloth is hierarchical to gorgon fruit seed grain, select separately not unidimensional seed grain by the shape and the size decision of sieve mesh, if need distinguish when different size seed grain in the classification process, need change the classifying screen in different apertures as required, installation and dismantlement when sieve is changed can increase the intensity of classification work, reduce separation efficiency, the size scope of selecting separately the size simultaneously also receives the influence of selecting separately sieve size parameter, the limited and flexibility of adjusting of size scope is selected separately to gorgon fruit seed grain, thereby influence the subsequent mechanized processing of gorgon fruit seed grain. Therefore, a high-efficiency grading device with good adaptability is designed, which plays an important role in improving the quality and effect of grading treatment of the gordon euryale seeds and also provides necessary conditions for the later-stage mechanical treatment of the gordon euryale seeds.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects of the prior art and provides an adjustable gorgon fruit seed grading device so as to realize grading of gorgon fruit seeds with different sizes.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
an adjustable gordon euryale seed grading device comprises a support frame, wherein an installation bottom plate is fixed on the support frame, the mounting bottom plate is fixed with a hopper, a plurality of upper strip through grooves are arranged on the mounting bottom plate at the position inside the hopper, a single upper strip through groove extends along the left-right direction, the plurality of upper strip through grooves are arranged side by side along the front-back direction, the bottom of the mounting bottom plate is provided with a push plate in a sliding manner, the push plate can slide along the front-back direction of the mounting bottom plate, the push plate is provided with a plurality of lower strip-shaped through grooves, a single lower strip-shaped through groove extends along the left-right direction, the lower strip-shaped through grooves are arranged side by side along the front-back direction, the overlapped parts of the upper strip-shaped through groove and the lower strip-shaped through groove form a grading through groove, the push plate is pushed by the adjusting mechanism to move along the front-, thereby adjust the relative position of push pedal and mounting plate, realize the regulation to hierarchical trough width.
Furthermore, adjustment mechanism includes a push rod, and the push rod is the threaded rod, and the push rod rotates and installs the bottom at mounting plate, both ends are equipped with the end plate that stretches out downwards around the push pedal, open threaded hole respectively on two end plates around the push pedal, and the push rod is through rotating the push rod with the threaded hole screw-thread fit on two end plates to drive two end plate back-and-forth movements, and then drive the push pedal back-and-forth movement.
Furthermore, one end of the push rod is fixedly connected with an adjusting handle, and the push rod is driven to rotate by rotating the adjusting handle.
Furthermore, a slide rail is fixed on each of the left side and the right side of the mounting base plate, a slide groove with a closed outer side is formed below the mounting base plate by the slide rail, and the left end and the right end of the push plate are in sliding fit with the slide grooves of the two slide rails.
Furthermore, a material collecting box is arranged below the push plate.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages:
the adjustable gorgon fruit seed grading device provided by the invention is provided with the mounting bottom plate and the push plate which are arranged up and down, the relative position of the push plate and the mounting bottom plate is adjusted by pushing the push plate to move along the front-back direction, and then the relative position of the upper strip-shaped through groove and the lower strip-shaped through groove is adjusted, so that the adjustment of the width of the grading through groove can be realized, the grading screening of different grades of gorgon fruit can be realized according to the requirement of the grading size, the sorting quality and the sorting efficiency of the gorgon fruit are improved, the labor amount and the labor intensity are reduced, and the problems of low grading efficiency, poor operation flexibility and adaptability and the like caused by the need of replacing grading parts in the use of the existing; meanwhile, the requirements of the gorgon fruit stepless screening with different size requirements can be met, and the flexibility and the adaptability of the grading device are greatly improved. And the width of the grading groove can be adjusted by rotating the push rod, and the operation is simple, convenient and quick.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention with the hopper and the bin removed.
Figure 3 is a schematic diagram of the push plate structure of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of the slide rail structure of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of the stent structure of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic view of the assembled push rod and adjustment handle of the present invention.
Reference numbers in the figures: the automatic feeding device comprises a push rod 1, a mounting base plate 2, a hopper 3, a slide rail 4, a material collecting box 5, a push plate 6, a support 7, a mounting hole 8, a support frame 9, an adjusting handle 10, a sliding groove 11, an end plate 12, a threaded hole 13, a strip-shaped through groove 14 and a strip-shaped through groove 15.
Detailed Description
The following examples are given for the detailed implementation and specific operation of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited to the following examples.
Referring to fig. 1 to 6, this embodiment provides a gorgon fruit seed grain grading plant with adjustable, including support frame 9, be fixed with an installing bottom plate 2 on the support frame 9, be fixed with hopper 3 on the installing bottom plate 2, it has a plurality of upper strip to lead to groove 14 to open at the position that lies in hopper 3 inside on the installing bottom plate 2, the single upper strip leads to groove 14 and extends along left right direction, a plurality of upper strip lead to groove 14 and set up side by side along the fore-and-aft direction, 2 bottom slips of installing bottom plate are provided with a push pedal 6, the 2 left and right sides of installing bottom plate are fixed with a slide rail 4 respectively, slide rail 4 forms outside confined spout 11 below installing bottom plate 2, both ends and the 11 sliding fit of spout of two slide rails 4 about push pedal. Push pedal 6 can slide around two spout 11, it has a plurality of bars down to lead to groove 15 to open on push pedal 6, the bar leads to groove 15 to extend along left right direction under single, a plurality of bars are led to groove 15 and are set up side by side along the fore-and-aft direction down, go up the bar and lead to groove 14 and the part that the groove 15 overlaps down to form hierarchical logical groove, promote push pedal 6 through adjustment mechanism and remove along the fore-and-aft direction, thereby adjust the relative position of push pedal 6 and mounting plate 2, the realization is to the regulation of hierarchical logical groove width. A material collecting box 5 is arranged below the push plate 6 and used for collecting materials falling from the grading through groove.
Specifically, adjustment mechanism includes a push rod 1, and push rod 1 is the threaded rod, and both ends are fixed with support 7 respectively around 2 bottoms of mounting plate, and it has mounting hole 8 to open on the support 7, and both ends rotate through the axle sleeve respectively around push rod 1 and install in mounting hole 8 of two supports 7, and the mounted position of push rod 1 on two supports 7 is fixed, can only rotate in mounting hole 8 of support 7, and can not take place the axial float. One end of the push rod 1 is fixedly connected with an adjusting handle 10. Both ends are equipped with the end plate 12 that stretches out downwards around the push pedal 6, open threaded hole 13 respectively on two end plates 12 around the push pedal 6, thereby push rod 1 and the threaded hole 13 screw-thread fit on two end plates 12 drive push rod 1 through rotating adjustment handle 10 and rotate, drive two end plates 12 back-and-forth movement by push rod 1, and then drive push pedal 6 back-and-forth movement.
In the concrete work, the lower bar that in the initial time pushes away on the board 6 leads to the groove 15 and the last bar that mounting plate 2 goes up and leads to the groove 14 and stagger completely, push board 6 blocks the last bar that mounting plate 2 goes up and leads to the groove 14 and whole this moment, the width that leads to the groove according to hierarchical size range requirement is adjusted, turning the adjustment handle 10 on the push rod 1, promote the push board 6 back-and-forth movement, the hierarchical logical groove width that makes the lower bar that pushes away on the board 6 lead to the groove 15 and the last bar that mounting plate 2 goes up that leads to the groove 14 overlap portion satisfies the required dimensional requirement when gorgon fruit seed. Pouring the gorgon euryale seeds to be classified into the hopper 3, and stirring the gorgon euryale seeds in a reciprocating manner along the front-back direction, so that the gorgon euryale seeds in the hopper 3 are fully classified, and the gorgon euryale seeds smaller than the width of the classifying through grooves are separated and fall into the collecting box 5 right below; if the gordon euryale seed is required to be subjected to multistage separation, the width of the grading through groove is required to be adjusted from small to large in sequence, and grading and collection of the gordon euryale seed are finished respectively according to requirements in sequence.
The present invention is not limited to the above preferred embodiments, and any modifications, equivalent substitutions and improvements made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. Gorgon fruit seed grain grading plant with adjustable, including support frame (9), be fixed with an installation bottom plate (2), its characterized in that on support frame (9): the hopper (3) is fixed on the mounting base plate (2), a plurality of upper strip-shaped through grooves (14) are formed in the position, located inside the hopper (3), on the mounting base plate (2), a single upper strip-shaped through groove (14) extends along the left-right direction, the plurality of upper strip-shaped through grooves (14) are arranged side by side along the front-back direction, a push plate (6) is arranged at the bottom of the mounting base plate (2) in a sliding mode, the push plate (6) can slide along the front-back direction of the mounting base plate (2), a plurality of lower strip-shaped through grooves (15) are formed in the push plate (6), the single lower strip-shaped through groove (15) extends along the left-right direction, the plurality of lower strip-shaped through grooves (15) are arranged side by side along the front-back direction, the overlapped part of the upper strip-shaped through groove (14) and the lower strip-shaped through groove (15) forms a grading through groove, the push plate (6) is, the width of the grading through groove can be adjusted.
2. The adjustable gordon euryale seed grading device of claim 1, wherein: adjustment mechanism includes one push rod (1), and push rod (1) is the threaded rod, and push rod (1) rotates and installs the bottom in mounting plate (2), both ends are equipped with end plate (12) that stretch out downwards around push plate (6), open threaded hole (13) on two end plate (12) around push plate (6) respectively, and screw hole (13) screw-thread fit on push rod (1) and two end plate (12) is through rotating push rod (1) to drive two end plate (12) back-and-forth movement, and then drive push plate (6) back-and-forth movement.
3. The adjustable gordon euryale seed grading device of claim 2, wherein: one end of the push rod (1) is fixedly connected with an adjusting handle (10), and the push rod (1) is driven to rotate by rotating the adjusting handle (10).
4. The adjustable gordon euryale seed grading device of claim 1, wherein: the left side and the right side of the mounting base plate (2) are respectively fixed with a sliding rail (4), the sliding rail (4) forms a sliding groove (11) with the outer side closed below the mounting base plate (2), and the left end and the right end of the push plate (6) are in sliding fit with the sliding grooves (11) of the two sliding rails (4).
5. The adjustable gordon euryale seed grading device of claim 1, wherein: a material collecting box (5) is arranged below the push plate (6).
CN202010968160.0A 2020-09-15 2020-09-15 Gorgon fruit seed grain grading plant with adjustable Pending CN111974687A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010968160.0A CN111974687A (en) 2020-09-15 2020-09-15 Gorgon fruit seed grain grading plant with adjustable

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010968160.0A CN111974687A (en) 2020-09-15 2020-09-15 Gorgon fruit seed grain grading plant with adjustable

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111974687A true CN111974687A (en) 2020-11-24

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113426706A (en) * 2021-05-18 2021-09-24 中国检验检疫科学研究院 High flux food raw materials sorter based on novel removing devices

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113426706A (en) * 2021-05-18 2021-09-24 中国检验检疫科学研究院 High flux food raw materials sorter based on novel removing devices
CN113426706B (en) * 2021-05-18 2022-05-24 中国检验检疫科学研究院 High flux food raw materials sorter based on novel removing devices

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