CN111960246A - Hoisting rope and hoisting method for carbon block group - Google Patents

Hoisting rope and hoisting method for carbon block group Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111960246A
CN111960246A CN202010848683.1A CN202010848683A CN111960246A CN 111960246 A CN111960246 A CN 111960246A CN 202010848683 A CN202010848683 A CN 202010848683A CN 111960246 A CN111960246 A CN 111960246A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
rope
carbon block
hoisting
buckle
block
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010848683.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
康新
肖二虎
李建国
谢德利
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China Second Metallurgy Group Co Ltd
Original Assignee
China Second Metallurgy Group Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China Second Metallurgy Group Co Ltd filed Critical China Second Metallurgy Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN202010848683.1A priority Critical patent/CN111960246A/en
Publication of CN111960246A publication Critical patent/CN111960246A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C1/00Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles
    • B66C1/10Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles by mechanical means
    • B66C1/12Slings comprising chains, wires, ropes, or bands; Nets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C1/00Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles
    • B66C1/10Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles by mechanical means
    • B66C1/12Slings comprising chains, wires, ropes, or bands; Nets
    • B66C1/122Sling or load protectors

Abstract

The application discloses hoist and mount rope of charcoal piece group, charcoal piece group includes the charcoal piece, and the charcoal piece has preset length, and the first end and the second end of charcoal piece in self length direction have first rod iron and second rod iron respectively, and the length direction of first rod iron and second rod iron is the same with the length direction of charcoal piece. The hoisting rope comprises a first rope body and a second rope body. The first end of the first rope body is used for being fixed on the crown block, and the first rope body is used for being connected to the first end of the carbon block. The first end of the second rope body is used for being fixed on the crown block, and the second rope body is used for being connected to the second end of the carbon block. The hoisting rope realizes hoisting of the carbon block group, and installation of the carbon block group is more convenient and reliable.

Description

Hoisting rope and hoisting method for carbon block group
Technical Field
The application relates to the technical field of carbon block group hoisting, in particular to a carbon block group hoisting rope and a hoisting method.
Background
During the lining masonry of an electrolytic cell in an aluminum plant, the carbon block group hoisting method is very important, and the method does not influence the protection of finished products of carbon blocks, steel bars and window baffles.
Content of application
The application provides a hoisting rope and a hoisting method for a carbon block group, which can enable the carbon block group to be more convenient and reliable to install.
In a first aspect, an embodiment of the present application provides a hoisting rope for a carbon block group, where the carbon block group includes a carbon block, the carbon block has a preset length, a first end and a second end of the carbon block in a length direction of the carbon block have a first steel bar and a second steel bar, respectively, and the length directions of the first steel bar and the second steel bar are the same as the length direction of the carbon block. The hoisting rope comprises a first rope body and a second rope body. The first end of the first rope body is used for being fixed on the crown block, and the first rope body is used for being connected to the first end of the carbon block. The first end of the second rope body is used for being fixed on the crown block, and the second rope body is used for being connected to the second end of the carbon block.
In some of these embodiments, the second end of the first cord body has a first cord lock loop that wraps around the outside of the second location of the second cord body. The second end of the second rope has a second rope clasp that wraps around the outside of the first position of the first rope, such that the first rope between the first rope clasp and the first position is looped over the first end of the carbon block and the second rope between the second rope clasp and the second position is looped over the second end of the carbon block.
In some embodiments, the first rope body between the first rope buckle and the first position is provided with a first action section, the first action section is used for contacting with the carbon block, and the first action section is coated with first cotton cloth. The second rope body positioned between the second rope fastener and the second position is provided with a second action section, the second action section is used for contacting with the carbon block, and the outside of the second action section is wrapped with second cotton cloth.
In some of these embodiments, the first rope and the second rope are each a steel wire rope.
In a second aspect, an embodiment of the present application provides a method for hoisting a carbon block group. The carbon block group comprises carbon blocks, the carbon blocks are of preset lengths, a first end and a second end of each carbon block in the length direction of the carbon block are respectively provided with a first steel bar and a second steel bar, and the length directions of the first steel bar and the second steel bar are the same as the length direction of the carbon blocks. The hoisting method comprises the following steps: a first string and a second string are prepared. And respectively fixing the first end of the first rope body and the first end of the second rope body on the crown block. The second end of the first rope and the second end of the second rope are connected to the first end and the second end of the carbon block respectively, and the first steel bar is located on the lower side of the second steel bar. And controlling the crown block, hoisting the carbon block group to the electrolytic tank, and inserting the first steel bar into the first window after the first steel bar is aligned to the first window of the electrolytic tank. And controlling the crown block, and inserting a second steel bar aligned with a second window of the motor slot into the second window.
In some of these embodiments, "connecting the second end of the first rope and the second end of the second rope to the first end and the second end, respectively, on the carbon block" comprises: the second end of the first rope body is provided with a first rope buckle, and the first rope buckle is wound outside the second position of the second rope body. The second end of the second rope body is provided with a second rope buckle, and the second rope buckle is wound outside the first position of the first rope body. So that the first rope between the first rope buckle and the first position is sleeved at the first end of the carbon block, and the second rope between the second rope buckle and the second position is sleeved at the second end of the carbon block.
In some of these embodiments, "the first cord body between the first cord lock and the first location is looped over the first end of the carbon block" comprises: the first rope body positioned between the first rope fastener and the first position is sleeved outside the corner angle positioned above the first steel bar and positioned between the end part and the side part of the carbon block. "the second rope body that is located between second rope knot and the second position is set up at the second end of carbon block" includes: the second rope body positioned between the second rope fastener and the second position is sleeved outside the corner angle positioned above the second steel bar and positioned between the end part and the side part of the carbon block.
In some of these embodiments, the first location and the second location are marked.
In some embodiments, the first rope body between the first rope buckle and the first position is provided with a first action section, the first action section is used for contacting with the carbon block, and the first action section is coated with first cotton cloth. The second rope body positioned between the second rope fastener and the second position is provided with a second action section, the second action section is used for contacting with the carbon block, and the outside of the second action section is wrapped with second cotton cloth.
In some of these embodiments, the first rope and the second rope are each a steel wire rope.
According to the hoisting rope for the carbon block group provided by the embodiment of the application, the carbon block group comprises a carbon block, the carbon block is provided with a preset length, a first end and a second end of the carbon block in the length direction of the carbon block are respectively provided with a first steel bar and a second steel bar, and the length directions of the first steel bar and the second steel bar are the same as the length direction of the carbon block. The hoisting rope comprises a first rope body and a second rope body. The first end of the first rope body is used for being fixed on the crown block, and the first rope body is used for being connected to the first end of the carbon block. The first end of the second rope body is used for being fixed on the crown block, and the second rope body is used for being connected to the second end of the carbon block. The hoisting rope realizes hoisting of the carbon block group, and installation of the carbon block group is more convenient and reliable.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present application or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present application, and other drawings can be obtained by those skilled in the art without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a carbon block group in a hoisting process in an embodiment of the present application.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present application more apparent, the present application is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present application and are not intended to limit the present application.
Referring to fig. 1, the embodiment of the present application provides a hoisting rope for a carbon block group 3. The carbon block group 3 is used for laying the inner lining of the electrolytic cell in an aluminum plant. The electrolytic cell is provided with a preset length, the first side wall and the second side wall of the electrolytic cell are respectively provided with a first window and a second window, the first window and the second window are arranged oppositely, the number of the first windows and the number of the second windows are respectively multiple, and the first windows and the second windows are respectively arranged along the length direction of the electrolytic cell. The carbon block group 3 comprises carbon blocks 30, the carbon blocks 30 have preset lengths, a first end and a second end of each carbon block 30 in the length direction are respectively provided with a first steel bar 31 and a second steel bar 32, and the length directions of the first steel bar 31 and the second steel bar 32 are the same as the length direction of the carbon blocks 30. A first steel bar 31 is inserted into the first window and a second steel bar 32 is inserted into the second window. The length of the carbon block group 3 is larger than the width of the electrolytic bath.
The hoisting rope comprises a first rope body 1 and a second rope body 2. The first end of the first rope 1 is used for being fixed on the crown block, and the first rope 1 is used for being connected to the first end of the carbon block 30. The first end of the second rope 2 is used to be fixed on the crown block, and the second rope 2 is used to be connected to the second end of the carbon block 30.
The hoisting rope realizes hoisting of the carbon block group 3, so that the carbon block group 3 is more convenient and reliable to install.
The lengths of the first rope 1 and the second rope 2 may be the same or different, for example, the length of the first rope 1 is longer than that of the second rope 2. The first rope body 1 and the second rope body 2 are fixed on the same crown block.
The second end of the first cord body 1 may have a first cord lock 10, the first cord lock 10 encircling the second cord body 2 outside of the second location 21. The first rope fastener 10 can be formed first, and then the second rope 2 passes through the first rope fastener 10, or the first rope 1 is fastened around the second rope 2 to form the first rope fastener 10.
The second end of the second rope 2 may have a second rope knot 20, and the second rope knot 20 is wound around the outside of the first position 11 of the first rope 1. The second rope fastener 20 can be formed first, and then the first rope 1 passes through the second rope fastener 20, or the second rope 2 is fastened around the first rope 1 to form the second rope fastener 20. The above arrangement allows the first cord 1 between the first cord lock 10 and the first position 11 to be placed around the first end of the carbon block 30 and the second cord 2 between the second cord lock 20 and the second position 21 to be placed around the second end of the carbon block 30.
The first rope body 1 between the first rope buckle 10 and the first position 11 is provided with a first action section which is used for contacting with the carbon block 30, and the outside of the first action section can be wrapped with first cotton cloth. The second rope body 2 between the second rope buckle 20 and the second position 21 has a second action section, the second action section is used for contacting with the carbon block 30, and the outside of the second action section can be coated with second cotton cloth. The arrangement avoids the hoisting ropes from damaging the carbon blocks 30.
The first rope body 1 and the second rope body 2 can be respectively steel wire ropes so as to improve the reliability of hoisting ropes.
The embodiment of the application provides a hoisting method of a carbon block group 3. The carbon block group 3 comprises carbon blocks 30, the carbon blocks 30 have preset lengths, a first end and a second end of each carbon block 30 in the length direction are respectively provided with a first steel bar 31 and a second steel bar 32, and the length directions of the first steel bar 31 and the second steel bar 32 are the same as the length direction of the carbon blocks 30.
The hoisting method comprises the following steps: a first string 1 and a second string 2 are prepared. The first end of the first rope body 1 and the first end of the second rope body 2 are respectively fixed on the crown block. The second end of the first rope 1 and the second end of the second rope 2 are connected at the first end and the second end of the carbon block 30, respectively, and the first steel bar 31 is located at the lower side of the second steel bar 32. And controlling the crown block, hoisting the carbon block group 3 into the electrolytic bath, and inserting the first steel bar 31 into the first window of the electrolytic bath after the first steel bar 31 is aligned with the first window. The crown block is controlled and a second steel bar 32 aligned with the second window of the motor slot is inserted into the second window.
The hoisting method realizes the hoisting of the carbon block group 3, so that the carbon block group 3 is more convenient and reliable to install.
Optionally, the first steel bar 31 is fully inserted into the first window. Optionally, when the horizontal center line of the carbon block group 3 coincides with the longitudinal center line of the tank body, and the longitudinal center line of the carbon block group 3 coincides with the center lines of the first window and the second window, the crown block stops being controlled. At this time, the exposed lengths of the first steel bar 31 and the second steel bar 32 are the same. Optionally, after stopping controlling the crown block, the gap between the carbon blocks 30 is adjusted to a preset width by a crowbar. The preset width may be 30mm to 35 mm.
"connecting the second end of the first rope 1 and the second end of the second rope 2 to the first end and the second end of the carbon block 30, respectively" may include: the second end of the first string 1 has a first cord lock 10, and the first cord lock 10 is looped around the second cord 2 at the second position 21. The second end of the second rope 2 has a second rope knot 20, and the second rope knot 20 is wound around the outside of the first position 11 of the first rope 1. So that the first cord 1, between the first cord lock 10 and the first location 11, is looped over the first end of the carbon block 30 and the second cord 2, between the second cord lock 20 and the second location 21, is looped over the second end of the carbon block 30.
"the first string 1 between the first string clasp 10 and the first position 11 is placed around the first end of the carbon block 30" may include: the first rope 1 between the first rope buckle 10 and the first position 11 is sleeved outside the corner between the end and the side of the carbon block 30 above the first steel bar 31. "the second string 2 between the second string clasp 20 and the second position 21 is placed around the second end of the carbon block 30" may include: the second rope 2 between the second rope buckle 20 and the second position 21 is sleeved outside the corner between the end and the side of the carbon block 30 above the second steel bar 32.
After the carbon blocks 30 are hoisted, the gaps between the carbon blocks 30 are 30-35 mm, so that the hoisting ropes in the scheme that the hoisting ropes are wound around the outer parts of the carbon blocks 30 are pressed below the carbon blocks 30 and cannot be taken out, and the technical scheme is adopted in the application for solving the problem.
The first position 11 and the second position 21 are marked for subsequent use.
The first rope body 1 between the first rope buckle 10 and the first position 11 is provided with a first action section which is used for contacting with the carbon block 30, and the outside of the first action section is wrapped with first cotton cloth. The second rope body 2 between the second rope buckle 20 and the second position 21 has a second action section, the second action section is used for contacting with the carbon block 30, and the outside of the second action section is wrapped with second cotton cloth.
The first rope body 1 and the second rope body 2 are respectively steel wire ropes so as to improve the reliability of hoisting ropes.
The hoisting method can comprise trial hoisting and hoisting. The trial hoisting can include:
according to the parameters of the carbon block group 3 and the electrolytic cell, the technician designs the parameters of the inclination angle of the carbon block group 3, the length of the first rope body 1, the distance between the first position 11 and the first rope fastener 10, the length of the second rope body 2, the distance between the second position 21 and the first rope fastener 10, and the like.
A first string 1 and a second string 2 are prepared. The first end of the first rope body 1 and the first end of the second rope body 2 are respectively fixed on the crown block.
The second end of the first string 1 has a first cord lock 10, and the first cord lock 10 is looped around the second cord 2 at the second position 21.
The second end of the second rope 2 has a second rope knot 20, and the second rope knot 20 is wound around the outside of the first position 11 of the first rope 1.
So that the first string 1 between the first string clasp 10 and the first position 11 is put around the outside of the corner between the end and the side of the carbon block 30 above the first steel bar 31.
The second rope 2 between the second rope buckle 20 and the second position 21 is sleeved outside the corner between the end and the side of the carbon block 30 above the second steel bar 32.
Hoisting the carbon block group 3;
detecting the inclination angle of the carbon block group 3, judging whether the difference value between the detection value and the design value is within a preset range, if so, hoisting, otherwise, adjusting the first position 11 and the second position 21 until the difference value between the detection value and the design value is within the preset range, and marking the adjusted first position 11 and second position 21 as new first position 11 and second position 21.
Hoisting can include:
and controlling the crown block, hoisting the carbon block group 3 into the electrolytic bath, and completely inserting the first steel bar 31 into the first window of the electrolytic bath after the first steel bar 31 is aligned with the first window.
And controlling the crown block, inserting a second steel bar 32 aligned with a second window of the motor groove into the second window, and stopping controlling the crown block when the transverse central line of the carbon block group 3 is superposed with the longitudinal central line of the groove body and the longitudinal central line of the carbon block group 3 is superposed with the central lines of the first window and the second window.
The gap between the carbon blocks 30 is adjusted to a preset width by a crowbar.
The same or similar reference numerals in the drawings of the present embodiment correspond to the same or similar components; in the description of the present application, it is to be understood that if there is an orientation or positional relationship indicated by the terms "upper", "lower", "left", "right", etc. based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, it is only for convenience of description and simplification of description, but it is not intended to indicate or imply that the referred device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and therefore, the terms describing the positional relationship in the drawings are only for illustrative purposes and are not to be construed as limitations of the present patent, and specific meanings of the above terms may be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
The above description is only exemplary of the present application and should not be taken as limiting the present application, as any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present application should be included in the protection scope of the present application.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a hoist and mount rope of charcoal piece group, the charcoal piece group includes the charcoal piece, and the charcoal piece has preset length, and the first end and the second end of charcoal piece in self length direction have first rod iron and second rod iron respectively, the length direction of first rod iron and second rod iron with the length direction of charcoal piece is the same, its characterized in that, hoist and mount rope includes:
the first end of the first rope body is used for being fixed on the overhead traveling crane, and the first rope body is used for being connected to the first end of the carbon block; and
and the first end of the second rope body is used for being fixed on the crown block, and the second rope body is used for being connected to the second end of the carbon block.
2. Hoisting rope as claimed in claim 1,
the second end of the first rope body is provided with a first rope buckle, and the first rope buckle is encircled outside the second position of the second rope body;
the second end of the second rope body is provided with a second rope buckle, the second rope buckle is encircled outside the first position of the first rope body, so that the first rope body between the first rope buckle and the first position is sleeved at the first end of the carbon block, and the second rope body between the second rope buckle and the second position is sleeved at the second end of the carbon block.
3. Hoisting rope as claimed in claim 2,
the first rope body positioned between the first rope buckle and the first position is provided with a first action section, the first action section is used for contacting with the carbon block, and the outside of the first action section is wrapped with first cotton cloth;
the second rope body between the second rope buckle and the second position is provided with a second action section which is used for contacting the carbon block, and the outside of the second action section is wrapped with second cotton cloth.
4. Hoisting rope as claimed in claim 1,
the first rope body and the second rope body are respectively steel wire ropes.
5. A carbon block group hoisting method is characterized by comprising the following steps of:
preparing a first rope body and a second rope body;
respectively fixing the first end of the first rope body and the first end of the second rope body on the crown block;
connecting the second end of the first rope body and the second end of the second rope body to the first end and the second end of the carbon block respectively, and enabling the first steel bar to be located on the lower side of the second steel bar;
controlling a crown block, hoisting the carbon block group into an electrolytic tank, and inserting a first steel bar into a first window of the electrolytic tank after the first steel bar is aligned with the first window;
and controlling the crown block, and inserting a second steel bar aligned to a second window of the motor slot into the second window.
6. The hoisting method as claimed in claim 5,
"connecting the second end of the first rope and the second end of the second rope to the first end and the second end of the carbon block respectively" comprises:
the second end of the first rope body is provided with a first rope buckle, and the first rope buckle is encircled outside the second position of the second rope body;
the second end of the second rope body is provided with a second rope buckle, and the second rope buckle is encircled outside the first position of the first rope body;
so that the first rope between the first rope buckle and the first position is sleeved at the first end of the carbon block, and the second rope between the second rope buckle and the second position is sleeved at the second end of the carbon block.
7. The hoisting method as claimed in claim 6,
"the first rope body between the first rope buckle and the first position is sleeved at the first end of the carbon block" comprises:
the first rope body positioned between the first rope buckle and the first position is sleeved outside the corner angle positioned above the first steel bar and positioned between the end part and the side part of the carbon block;
"the second rope body between the second rope buckle and the second position is sleeved at the second end of the carbon block" comprises:
the second rope body positioned between the second rope buckle and the second position is sleeved outside the corner angle positioned above the second steel bar and positioned between the end part and the side part of the carbon block.
8. The hoisting method as claimed in claim 6,
the first location and the second location are marked.
9. The hoisting method as claimed in claim 6,
the first rope body positioned between the first rope buckle and the first position is provided with a first action section, the first action section is used for contacting with the carbon block, and the outside of the first action section is wrapped with first cotton cloth;
the second rope body between the second rope buckle and the second position is provided with a second action section which is used for contacting the carbon block, and the outside of the second action section is wrapped with second cotton cloth.
10. The hoisting method as claimed in claim 5,
the first rope body and the second rope body are respectively steel wire ropes.
CN202010848683.1A 2020-08-21 2020-08-21 Hoisting rope and hoisting method for carbon block group Pending CN111960246A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010848683.1A CN111960246A (en) 2020-08-21 2020-08-21 Hoisting rope and hoisting method for carbon block group

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010848683.1A CN111960246A (en) 2020-08-21 2020-08-21 Hoisting rope and hoisting method for carbon block group

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111960246A true CN111960246A (en) 2020-11-20

Family

ID=73391100

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010848683.1A Pending CN111960246A (en) 2020-08-21 2020-08-21 Hoisting rope and hoisting method for carbon block group

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111960246A (en)

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