Equipment is smashed to fodder for animal husbandry
The invention relates to a smashing device, in particular to a feed smashing device for animal husbandry.
The feed is generally called as feed only by plant feed, the feed comprises grass, various grains, tubers, roots and the like, liquid medicines are required to be scattered on the feed in the process of preparing the feed, the feed is easy to agglomerate, and the feed is required to be mechanically broken up and smashed.
Patent grant publication is CN 207076502U's a crushing apparatus is broken up to fodder, including breaking up mechanism and rubbing crusher structure, break up the mechanism including breaking up a section of thick bamboo and rotor, it is equipped with the fodder import to break up a section of thick bamboo top, and the bottom is equipped with the fodder export, the rotor includes motor A and breaks up the pivot, motor A fixes locating and breaks up a section of thick bamboo top, break up the pivot and rotationally vertically locate in breaking up a section of thick bamboo, break up the pivot and by motor A drive, break up in the pivot from last to being equipped with a plurality of groups propeller blade down, crushing effectual, satisfied the fodder especially fish fodder to breaking up kibbling demand, such mode can reach kibbling effect to the fodder, but can not break up the fodder twice, can not collect the quick fodder that finishes breaking up moreover.
Therefore, the feed smashing equipment for the animal husbandry needs to be developed, wherein the feed smashing equipment can automatically scatter for multiple times and collect the feed quickly.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the defect that the feed cannot be scattered twice and the scattered feed cannot be rapidly collected in the prior scattering mode, the technical problem to be solved is as follows: provides a feed smashing device for animal husbandry, which can automatically scatter for multiple times and collect the feed quickly.
The technical scheme is as follows: a fodder crushing equipment for animal husbandry, including: the feed crushing frame is used for containing feed; two support legs are arranged on the material crushing frame; the feeding pipe is arranged on the material crushing frame; the smashing component is arranged on the smashing frame and provides power through a motor; the shaking component is arranged on the material crushing frame and shakes in a sliding mode; the blanking assembly is arranged on the material crushing frame and carries out blanking in a rotating mode.
Further, the fragmentation assembly comprises: the speed reducing motor is arranged on the material crushing frame; the rotating rod is arranged on an output shaft of the speed reducing motor; the first gear is arranged on the rotating rod; the two crushing rods are rotatably arranged in the crushing frame; a second gear mounted on the shredding lever, the second gear being engaged with the first gear; a first pulley mounted on the shredding lever; the second belt pulley is arranged on the crushing rod; and the flat belt is arranged between the first belt pulley and the second belt pulley.
Further, the jitter assembly comprises: two first sliding sleeves are arranged on the material crushing frame; the two L-shaped rods are arranged in the first sliding sleeve in a sliding manner; two tension springs are arranged between the L-shaped rod and the first sliding sleeve; the material shaking plate is arranged between the end parts of the L-shaped rods; the push rod is arranged on the material shaking plate; the ejector pad is installed on the second belt pulley, and the ejector pad and push rod cooperation have the through-hole on the bits of broken glass frame, through-hole and L type pole and push rod sliding fit.
Further, the unloading subassembly includes: the charging frame is rotatably arranged between the support legs, a discharge hole is formed in the charging frame, and the charging frame is in contact fit with the crushing frame; and the torsion spring is arranged between the loading frame and the supporting leg.
Further, the method also comprises the following steps: the supporting rod is arranged on the loading frame; and the pedal rod is arranged on the loading frame.
Further, the method also comprises the following steps: the second sliding sleeve is arranged on the loading frame; the screw rod is rotatably arranged in the second sliding sleeve; the baffle is installed on the screw rod and is matched with the discharge hole in the charging frame.
Has the advantages that: according to the invention, most of caked feed can be automatically smashed through the matching of the first gear and the second gear, the working efficiency is improved, the feed which is not smashed but is smaller can be smashed through the matching of the push rod and the push block, the smashing degree of the feed is improved, the feed can be prevented from flying out of the feeding frame to cause waste when the feed is fed, the manual feeding can be avoided through the matching of the support rod and the pedal rod, the manpower is saved, the equipment is more stable, and the feed can be prevented from flying out of the feeding frame to cause waste when the feed is fed through the matching of the screw rod and the baffle plate.
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a first embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic perspective view of a second embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a first partial body structure according to the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a second partial body structure according to the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention a.
Reference numerals: 1 material smashing frame, 101 supporting legs, 2 feeding pipes, 3 speed reducing motors, 31 rotating rods, 4 first gears, 5 smashing rods, 6 second gears, 7 first belt pulleys, 8 second belt pulleys, 9 flat belts, 10 first sliding sleeves, 11L-shaped rods, 12 tension springs, 13 material shaking plates, 14 push rods, 15 push blocks, 16 through holes, 17 material loading frames, 18 torsion springs, 19 supporting rods, 20 pedal rods, 21 second sliding sleeves, 22 screw rods and 23 baffle plates.
The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
The utility model provides an equipment is smashed to fodder for animal husbandry, as shown in fig. 1, 2, 3 and 5, including crushed aggregates frame 1, landing leg 101, inlet pipe 2, smash the subassembly, shake subassembly and unloading subassembly, crushed aggregates frame 1 is used for adorning the fodder, both sides all are equipped with landing leg 101 through the bolt around the crushed aggregates frame 1, 1 top welding of crushed aggregates frame has inlet pipe 2, crushed aggregates frame 1 is last to be equipped with to smash the subassembly, provide power through the motor, 1 lower part of crushed aggregates frame is equipped with the shake subassembly, shake through the sliding mode, 1 bottom of crushed aggregates frame is equipped with the unloading subassembly, carry out the unloading through the rotating means.
As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, smash the subassembly including gear motor 3, bull stick 31, first gear 4, smash pole 5, second gear 6, first belt pulley 7, second belt pulley 8 and flat belt 9, crushed aggregates frame 1 left side is equipped with gear motor 3 through the bolt, there is bull stick 31 through the coupling joint on gear motor 3's the output shaft, bull stick 31 right-hand member welding has first gear 4, 1 internal rotation formula of crushed aggregates frame is equipped with two and smashes pole 5, the 5 right-hand member welding of the pole of smashing on upper portion has second gear 6, second gear 6 and the meshing of first gear 4, the 5 right parts of the pole of smashing on upper portion are equipped with first belt pulley 7, the 5 right parts of the pole of smashing on lower part are equipped with second belt pulley 8, around there being flat belt 9 between first belt pulley 7 and the second belt pulley 8.
As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the shaking assembly comprises a first sliding sleeve 10, an L-shaped rod 11, a tension spring 12, a shaking plate 13, a push rod 14 and a push block 15, the first sliding sleeve 10 is symmetrically welded on the front and back of the lower portion of the left side of the material crushing frame 1, the L-shaped rod 11 is arranged in the first sliding sleeve 10 in a sliding mode, the tension spring 12 is connected between the L-shaped rod 11 and the first sliding sleeve 10, the shaking plate 13 is welded between the right ends of the L-shaped rod 11, the shaking plate 13 is in sliding fit with the material crushing frame 1, the push rod 14 is welded on the right side of the bottom of the shaking plate 13, the push block 15 is welded on the right side of the second belt pulley 8, the push block 15 is matched with the push rod 14, through holes 16 are formed in the left and right sides of the.
As shown in fig. 1, 2, 3 and 5, the blanking assembly comprises a charging frame 17 and a torsion spring 18, the charging frame 17 is rotatably arranged between the supporting legs 101, a discharging hole is formed in the left part of the charging frame 17, the charging frame 17 is in contact fit with the crushed aggregate frame 1, and the torsion spring 18 is connected between the charging frame 17 and the supporting legs 101.
The specific operation flow of the above embodiment: when needs are smashed the fodder, pour into in the bits of broken glass frame 1 with a certain amount of fodder through inlet pipe 2 earlier, then start to smash the fodder that the subassembly will be unloaded and smash, and then the fodder falls into on the shake subassembly, then shake the fodder through the shake subassembly and fall to the unloading subassembly in, break up the fodder and smash the back that finishes, close and smash the subassembly, then with the fodder in the unloading subassembly collect can.
When the material gets into in the garrulous material frame 1, start gear motor 3 and rotate, drive bull stick 31 and rotate, and then drive first gear 4 and rotate, drive second gear 6 and rotate, thereby it rotates to drive upside breaking bar 5, drive first belt pulley 7 and rotate, drive second belt pulley 8 through flat belt 9 and rotate, make downside breaking bar 5 rotate, after smashing the fodder and all finishing, close gear motor 3, so, can smash the fodder of most caking automatically, and the work efficiency is improved.
When the second belt pulley 8 rotates, the pushing block 15 is driven to rotate, when the pushing block 15 is in contact with the pushing rod 14, the pushing rod 14 is pushed to move downwards, the material shaking plate 13 is driven to slide downwards, the L-shaped rod 11 is further driven to slide downwards, the tension spring 12 is stretched, and when the pushing block 15 is separated from the pushing rod 14, the L-shaped rod 11 and the upper device thereof are driven to move upwards to reset under the action of the tension spring 12, and the action is repeated, so that the small feed which is not smashed can be smashed, and the smashing degree of the feed is improved.
When the fodder of breaing up all falls into the material loading frame 17 in, push away the material loading frame 17 and swing left, torsion spring 18 compresses, and the fodder in the material loading frame 17 is collected the back that finishes, loosens material loading frame 17, drives material loading frame 17 swing right under torsion spring 18's effect and resets, so, can carry out quick collection with the fodder that finishes of breaing up.
On the basis of the embodiment 1, as shown in fig. 1 and 2, the loading device further comprises a support rod 19 and a pedal rod 20, the support rod 19 is welded at the right side of the bottom of the loading frame 17, and the pedal rod 20 is arranged at the rear part of the left side of the bottom of the loading frame 17.
As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 4, the material loading device further comprises a second sliding sleeve 21, a screw 22 and a baffle 23, the second sliding sleeve 21 is welded on the left side of the top of the material loading frame 17, the screw 22 is rotatably arranged in the second sliding sleeve 21, the baffle 23 is welded on the end of the screw 22, and the baffle 23 is matched with a discharge hole in the material loading frame 17.
The specific operation flow of the above embodiment: when the fodder in the frame 17 that will feed needs is collected, trample foot bar 20 downswing, drive the frame 17 that feeds and swing left, and then drive bracing piece 19 rebound, after the fodder that will feed in the frame 17 is collected and is accomplished, loosen foot bar 20 to bracing piece 19 downswing resets and ground contact, so, can need not artifical manual ejection of compact, has saved the manpower, makes the more stability of equipment moreover.
Before needs collect the fodder, it is rotatory to rotate screw rod 22, drives baffle 23 and rotates, and then baffle 23 will feed the discharge gate on the frame 17 and open, after finishing the fodder collection, rotate screw rod 22 and rotate and reset, drive baffle 23 and rotate and reset and close the discharge gate on the frame 17 of feeding, so, can prevent when the fodder carries out the unloading, the fodder flies out in the frame 17 of feeding, causes the waste.
Finally, it should be noted that the above embodiments are only used for illustrating the technical solutions of the present invention and not for limiting the protection scope of the present invention, and although the present invention is described in detail with reference to the preferred embodiments, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that modifications or equivalent substitutions can be made on the technical solutions of the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the present invention.