CN111903300A - Seasonal maintenance-free drip irrigation method - Google Patents

Seasonal maintenance-free drip irrigation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111903300A
CN111903300A CN202010677148.4A CN202010677148A CN111903300A CN 111903300 A CN111903300 A CN 111903300A CN 202010677148 A CN202010677148 A CN 202010677148A CN 111903300 A CN111903300 A CN 111903300A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
drip irrigation
plants
plant
monitoring
free
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010677148.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
洪林
杨蕾
王振兴
刘兆俊
杨海健
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Chongqing Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Original Assignee
Chongqing Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Chongqing Academy of Agricultural Sciences filed Critical Chongqing Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority to CN202010677148.4A priority Critical patent/CN111903300A/en
Publication of CN111903300A publication Critical patent/CN111903300A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks, sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/04Distributing under pressure; Distributing mud; Adaptation of watering systems for fertilising-liquids
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F5/00Fertilisers from distillery wastes, molasses, vinasses, sugar plant or similar wastes or residues, e.g. from waste originating from industrial processing of raw material of agricultural origin or derived products thereof
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

The invention discloses a seasonal maintenance-free drip irrigation method in the field of plant irrigation, which aims to overcome the defect that manual seasonal frequent fertilization is needed; the method comprises the following steps: for the vertical grooves formed among the planting rows, the grooves are formed to form drip irrigation belts; step two: filling nutrient substances into the drip irrigation tape, and then covering soil on the surface of the drip irrigation tape; step three: a drip irrigation pipe is established between the plants and the drip irrigation belt, and the circulation formed by the drip irrigation pipe is a reaction tank, the drip irrigation belt and the plants in sequence; step four: install monitoring device to the plant root system, monitoring device's signal is tied a bundle in central control equipment, for traditional liquid manure integration management technique, utilizes to predetermine nutrient substance in the drip irrigation zone among this technical scheme, has avoided frequent fertilization, has avoided the frequent maintenance to plant fertilization operation after once adding fertilizer, has reduced the human cost.

Description

Seasonal maintenance-free drip irrigation method
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of plant irrigation, and particularly relates to a seasonal maintenance-free drip irrigation method.
Background
The water consumption for citrus production is large, and the traditional irrigation method is easy to cause water resource waste; for example, water loss along the soil surface, water loss due to evaporation, and ineffective irrigation loss where the water wets the soil surface. Usually, only 10% of water can reach the roots of crops, more than 90% of water cannot be absorbed by the roots, and the irrigation method belongs to ineffective irrigation. The automatic crop root water-saving irrigation system can directly guide water and fertilizer into a root soil layer of a plant, avoid surface evaporation, improve the utilization rate of the water and the fertilizer and save water to the maximum extent.
However, from the perspective of ensuring the normal yield and quality of the citrus and saving the labor cost of fertilization, for citrus in the full bearing period, the number of fertilization times can be reduced on the basis of properly increasing the fertilization amount, and the production requirements can be met by respectively fertilizing 1 time in the germination period and the rapid fruit expansion period. For young trees, in order to ensure the promotion of vegetative growth, multiple fertilization is advocated before flower trial, at least 1 topdressing is carried out every month from the germination stage to 8 months before autumn tip is pumped, the proportion of nitrogen fertilizer is increased during fertilization, and 1 base fertilizer is applied after autumn. For citrus trees from the initial fruit stage to the full fruit stage, additional fertilizer can be applied for one time in the germination stage, the young fruit stage and the rapid fruit expansion stage, the proportion of nitrogen fertilizer is properly controlled, and the base fertilizer is applied for 1 time after autumn.
In view of the planting principle, in the prior art, multiple fertilization is often performed when citrus is planted, so that manpower and material resources are consumed, and the management difficulty is increased.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the above problems, the present invention provides a maintenance-free plant drip irrigation method to reduce the cost of manpower management and control.
In order to achieve the purpose, the technical scheme of the invention is as follows: comprises the following steps;
the method comprises the following steps: for the vertical grooves formed among the planting rows, the grooves are formed to form drip irrigation belts;
step two: filling nutrient substances into the drip irrigation tape, and then covering soil on the surface of the drip irrigation tape;
step three: a drip irrigation pipe is established between the plants and the drip irrigation belt, and the circulation formed by the drip irrigation pipe is a reaction tank, the drip irrigation belt and the plants in sequence;
step four: and installing a monitoring device on the plant root system, and bundling the signals of the monitoring device on the central control equipment.
After the scheme is adopted, the following beneficial effects are realized: compared with the traditional water and fertilizer integrated management technology, the technical scheme has the advantages that the nutrient substances are preset in the drip irrigation tape, frequent fertilization is avoided, frequent maintenance of plant fertilization operation is avoided after fertilizer is added for one time, and labor cost is reduced.
Further, the plant spacing of the plants in the first step is 1.5m, the row spacing of the plants is 5.5m, and the ditching distance is 15-30 cm.
Has the advantages that: compared with the dense planting area, the technical scheme reserves a proper space for plant growth and root extension, and simultaneously avoids the formation of a nutrition dense area when the root absorbs nutrient substances in the drip irrigation zone.
Further, substances filled in the drip irrigation tape in the second step comprise oil cakes, medicine residues and fungus residues, wherein the ratio of the oil cakes to the medicine residues to the fungus residues is 2:1: 3.
Has the advantages that: compared with the prior art adopting chemical fertilizers, the technical scheme utilizes oil cake fertilization operation and oil cake to preserve and prevent corrosion of nutrient substances.
Further, the drip irrigation zone in the second step is paved with medicine residues on the surface layer, fungus residues on the bottom layer of the drip irrigation zone, and a mixture of oil cakes and organic fertilizers is paved between the fungus residues and the medicine residues.
Has the advantages that: for the prior art who adopts mixed foreshadowing, the order of laying the thing is different in this technical scheme in the drip irrigation zone, and the fungus sediment is laid to the bottom, and the intermediate level is the fertilizer, and the top layer is the dregs of a decoction, and the thermal diffusivity of being convenient for promotes, and the fungus sediment of the bottom of being convenient for simultaneously ferments gradually.
Furthermore, the monitoring device in the fourth step comprises a monitoring sensor positioned at the root of the plant, and the monitoring sensor is in signal connection with the central control equipment.
Has the advantages that: this technical scheme utilizes monitoring device to judge whether need drip irrigation watering to the humidity of the wet root of plant, also utilizes the sensor to detect regional interior nutrient substance simultaneously.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a flow chart of an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The following is further detailed by way of specific embodiments:
the embodiment is basically as shown in the attached figure 1: a seasonal maintenance-free drip irrigation method comprises the steps of firstly, when plants are planted, the plant spacing of the plants is 1.5m, the row spacing of the plants is 5.5m, then, vertical grooves are formed among planting rows, the grooves are formed to form drip irrigation belts, and the ditching distance is 15-30 cm.
And then filling nutrients including oil cakes, medicine residues and fungus residues into the drip irrigation tape, wherein the ratio of the oil cakes to the medicine residues to the fungus residues is 2:1:3, the medicine residues are laid on the surface layer of the drip irrigation tape, the fungus residues are laid on the bottom layer of the drip irrigation tape, a mixture of the oil cakes and an organic fertilizer is laid between the fungus residues and the medicine residues, and then earthing the surface of the drip irrigation tape.
And thirdly, a dropper pipeline is established between the plants and the drip irrigation tape, and the circulation formed by the drip irrigation pipeline sequentially comprises a reaction tank, the drip irrigation tape and the plants.
And finally, installing a monitoring device on the plant roots, wherein the monitoring device comprises a monitoring sensor positioned at the plant roots, and the monitoring sensor is in signal connection with the central control equipment.
It is noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
The foregoing is merely an example of the present invention, and common general knowledge in the field of known specific structures and characteristics is not described herein in any greater extent than that known in the art at the filing date or prior to the priority date of the application, so that those skilled in the art can now appreciate that all of the above-described techniques in this field and have the ability to apply routine experimentation before this date can be combined with one or more of the present teachings to complete and implement the present invention, and that certain typical known structures or known methods do not pose any impediments to the implementation of the present invention by those skilled in the art. It should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, without departing from the structure of the present invention, several changes and modifications can be made, which should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention, and these will not affect the effect of the implementation of the present invention and the practicability of the patent. The scope of the claims of the present application shall be determined by the contents of the claims, and the description of the embodiments and the like in the specification shall be used to explain the contents of the claims.

Claims (5)

1. A seasonal maintenance-free drip irrigation method is characterized in that: comprises the following steps;
the method comprises the following steps: for the vertical grooves formed among the planting rows, the grooves are formed to form drip irrigation belts;
step two: filling nutrient substances into the drip irrigation tape, and then covering soil on the surface of the drip irrigation tape;
step three: a drip irrigation pipe is established between the plants and the drip irrigation belt, and the circulation formed by the drip irrigation pipe is a reaction tank, the drip irrigation belt and the plants in sequence;
step four: and installing a monitoring device on the plant root system, and bundling the signals of the monitoring device on the central control equipment.
2. The seasonal maintenance-free drip irrigation method according to claim 1, wherein: in the first step, the plant spacing of the plants is 1.5m, the row spacing of the plants is 5.5m, and the ditching distance is 15-30 cm.
3. The seasonal maintenance-free drip irrigation method according to claim 1, wherein: and in the second step, substances filled in the drip irrigation tape comprise oil cakes, dregs and mushroom dregs, wherein the ratio of the oil cakes to the dregs to the mushroom dregs is 2:1: 3.
4. The seasonal maintenance-free drip irrigation method according to claim 1, wherein: and in the second step, the drip irrigation zone is internally paved with medicine residues on the surface layer, the bacteria residues are paved on the bottom layer of the drip irrigation zone, and the mixture of the oil cake and the organic fertilizer is paved between the bacteria residues and the medicine residues.
5. The seasonal maintenance-free drip irrigation method according to claim 1, wherein: the monitoring device in the fourth step comprises a monitoring sensor positioned at the root of the plant, and the monitoring sensor is in signal connection with the central control equipment.
CN202010677148.4A 2020-07-14 2020-07-14 Seasonal maintenance-free drip irrigation method Pending CN111903300A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010677148.4A CN111903300A (en) 2020-07-14 2020-07-14 Seasonal maintenance-free drip irrigation method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010677148.4A CN111903300A (en) 2020-07-14 2020-07-14 Seasonal maintenance-free drip irrigation method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111903300A true CN111903300A (en) 2020-11-10

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Country Status (1)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN205357098U (en) * 2016-01-18 2016-07-06 重庆电讯职业学院 Automatic irrigation and fertilization system of landscape plant
CN106631426A (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-05-10 哈尔滨市广元种植有限公司 Wild vegetable seedling strengthening and activity enhancing environment-friendly nutritive culture fertilizer and production method thereof
CN108739312A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-06 河南水利与环境职业学院 Northern mountain area fruit tree water-fertilizer integral water saving irrigating method
CN208317554U (en) * 2018-03-07 2019-01-04 陕西中医药大学 Chinese medicine intelligence cultivation box
CN110105144A (en) * 2019-06-10 2019-08-09 黑龙江省世纪云天国际贸易有限公司 Add the liquid fertilizer and preparation method and application of lignosulfonates synthetic humic acids ammonium
CN110235713A (en) * 2018-03-08 2019-09-17 王永伟 A kind of implantation methods improving quinoa yield
KR20200064609A (en) * 2018-11-29 2020-06-08 정연오 Energy-independent agricultural sensor apparatus and agricultural method using the same

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN205357098U (en) * 2016-01-18 2016-07-06 重庆电讯职业学院 Automatic irrigation and fertilization system of landscape plant
CN106631426A (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-05-10 哈尔滨市广元种植有限公司 Wild vegetable seedling strengthening and activity enhancing environment-friendly nutritive culture fertilizer and production method thereof
CN208317554U (en) * 2018-03-07 2019-01-04 陕西中医药大学 Chinese medicine intelligence cultivation box
CN110235713A (en) * 2018-03-08 2019-09-17 王永伟 A kind of implantation methods improving quinoa yield
CN108739312A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-06 河南水利与环境职业学院 Northern mountain area fruit tree water-fertilizer integral water saving irrigating method
KR20200064609A (en) * 2018-11-29 2020-06-08 정연오 Energy-independent agricultural sensor apparatus and agricultural method using the same
CN110105144A (en) * 2019-06-10 2019-08-09 黑龙江省世纪云天国际贸易有限公司 Add the liquid fertilizer and preparation method and application of lignosulfonates synthetic humic acids ammonium

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