CN111889187A - Small-size granulation drying machine is used in active carbon preparation - Google Patents

Small-size granulation drying machine is used in active carbon preparation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111889187A
CN111889187A CN202010791473.3A CN202010791473A CN111889187A CN 111889187 A CN111889187 A CN 111889187A CN 202010791473 A CN202010791473 A CN 202010791473A CN 111889187 A CN111889187 A CN 111889187A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
crushing
roller
cavity
small
drying
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Granted
Application number
CN202010791473.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111889187B (en
Inventor
蔡连玉
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JIANGSU XIN CHI THAI CARBON TECHNOLOGY CO.,LTD.
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蔡连玉
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Priority to CN202010791473.3A priority Critical patent/CN111889187B/en
Publication of CN111889187A publication Critical patent/CN111889187A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/40Detachers, e.g. scrapers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C01BNON-METALLIC ELEMENTS; COMPOUNDS THEREOF; METALLOIDS OR COMPOUNDS THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASS C01C
    • C01B32/00Carbon; Compounds thereof
    • C01B32/30Active carbon
    • C01B32/39Apparatus for the preparation thereof

Abstract

The invention discloses a small granulating and drying integrated machine for preparing activated carbon, which structurally comprises a box body, a motor, a connecting rotating shaft, a feed hopper, a separation cavity and a discharge port, wherein the separation cavity is welded on the box body, the feed hopper is arranged at the upper end of the separation cavity, the motor is arranged on one side of the separation cavity and is in transmission connection with the inside of the separation cavity through the connecting rotating shaft, the discharge port is arranged on the left side of the box body, a crushing layer, a crushing cavity, a crushing roller and a roller body cleaning device are formed inside the box body, the crushing layer and the crushing cavity are of an integrated structure, the invention utilizes the roller body cleaning device which is movably matched with the crushing layer to realize the surface cleaning of the crushing roller, a feed guide groove is used for driving a sealing plate out by a lifting push rod so as to push out a scraping body, the scraping body is in contact with the rolling surface of the crushing roller, under the rotation of the crushing roller, the scraping body scrapes carbonized materials on the surface of the, the carbonized material can be reused, and waste is avoided.

Description

Small-size granulation drying machine is used in active carbon preparation
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of active carbon processing, in particular to a small granulating and drying all-in-one machine for preparing active carbon.
Background
The active carbon is a black porous solid carbon, by the coal through smashing, the shaping or through the carbomorphism with even coal grain, have very strong adsorption performance, be an extremely extensive industry adsorbent, current small-size granulation drying machine adopts the compression roller to roll the breakage and then the shaping is dried and finally is discharged, and in some humid weather in south, because the processing environment is more moist, the moisture of broken intracavity portion is big, it is broken back to roll the equipment, partly carbonized material adhesion is on the crushing roller, influence the crushing efficiency of crushing roller, the while wet inequality of material, the finished product after the output is half-dry half-wet situation, lead to outer partial stoving excessively to produce chapping in later stage shaping drying process like this.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a small granulating and drying all-in-one machine for preparing activated carbon, which is used for solving the technical problems that in humid weather in the south, due to the fact that the processing environment is humid, moisture in the interior of a crushing cavity is large, after rolling and crushing are carried out by rolling equipment, a part of carbonized materials are adhered to a pressing sheet, the rolling efficiency of a pressing roller is affected, meanwhile, the dryness and the humidity of the materials are uneven, the produced finished product is in a semi-dry semi-wet state, and cracks are easily generated on the outer layer part due to excessive drying in the later forming and drying process.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention is realized by the following technical scheme: the utility model provides an active carbon preparation is with small-size granulation drying machine, its structure includes box, motor, connection pivot, feeder hopper, sorting chamber, discharge gate, the welding has the sorting chamber on the box, what is the upper end in sorting chamber has the feeder hopper the motor is installed to one side in sorting chamber, the motor is connected with the transmission of sorting intracavity portion through connecting the pivot, the discharge gate is established in the left side of box, the inside constitution of box has broken layer, broken chamber, crushing roller, roll body cleaning device, broken layer and broken chamber structure as an organic whole, the inside in broken chamber is equipped with the crushing roller, roll body cleaning device is installed in the bottom outside on broken layer, roll body cleaning device activity cooperation is in the crushing roller.
Preferably, the roller body cleaning device comprises two support rods, a sealing plate, a lifting push rod, a feeding guide groove, a scraping body, a discharging guide opening, a transfer piece, a base, a heat dissipation opening and a driving motor, wherein one end of each support rod is arranged on two sides of the sealing plate and is in hinged connection and cooperation, the other end of each support rod is mechanically connected to the base, the feeding guide groove is movably matched in the sealing plate, the feeding groove is connected with the driving motor through the lifting push rod, the driving motor is provided with the heat dissipation opening, the heat dissipation opening is matched in the base, the base is hollow, the transfer piece is arranged on two sides of the base, the scraping body is hinged to the support rods, and the discharging guide opening is communicated with the feeding guide groove.
Preferably, the scraping body is in a triangular structure, one end of the scraping body opposite to the supporting rod is in contact with the outer rolling surface of the crushing roller, and the inner side of the scraping strip is welded with the feeding guide groove.
Preferably, the sealing plate is mechanically sealed at the bottom of the crushing layer by means of a hinged connection.
Preferably, the transfer member is composed of an extraction port, an exhaust channel, a suction pump and an output pipe, the extraction port is arranged on the exhaust channel, the extraction port corresponds to the inside of the base, the exhaust channel is connected with the suction pump, one end of the output pipe is connected with the exhaust channel, and the other end of the output pipe is arranged outside the crushing layer.
Preferably, the two sides of the output pipe are both provided with more than two exhaust holes, the exhaust holes are matched with the crushing layer, and hot air of the heat dissipation port is discharged on the crushing layer to be dried and dehumidified.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. the surface cleaning of the crushing roller is realized by utilizing the roller body cleaning device which is movably matched with the crushing layer, the feeding guide groove is used for driving the sealing plate out by the lifting push rod so as to push out the scraping body, the scraping body is contacted with the rolling surface of the crushing roller, under the rotation of the crushing roller, the scraping body scrapes carbonized materials on the surface of the crushing roller, and the scraped carbonized materials are discharged into the crushing cavity from the discharging guide opening through the feeding guide groove again, so that the carbonized materials can be reused, and the waste is avoided.
2. The invention arranges the heat dissipation port in the base, and the suction pump, the extraction port, the exhaust channel and the output pipe arranged on the transfer piece pump the hot air exhausted from the heat dissipation port to the output pipe through the extraction port and discharge the hot air on the crushing layer, thereby drying the moisture in the crushing cavity.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a small granulating and drying all-in-one machine for preparing activated carbon.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the case of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the roller cleaning device of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic top view of the roller cleaning device of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of the transfer member of the present invention.
In the figure: the device comprises a box body 1, a motor 2, a connecting rotating shaft 3, a feed hopper 4, a sorting cavity 5, a discharge hole 6, a crushing layer 11, a crushing cavity 12, a crushing roller 13, a roller cleaning device 14, a supporting rod 141, a sealing plate 142, a lifting push rod 143, a feeding guide groove 144, a scraping body 145, a discharge guide port 146, a transfer piece 147, a base 148, a heat dissipation port 149, a driving motor 140, an extraction port 471, an exhaust channel 472, a suction pump 473 and an output pipe 474.
Detailed Description
It will be understood that when an element is referred to as being "secured to" or "disposed on" another element, it can be directly on or indirectly connected to the other element, and when an element is referred to as being "connected to" the other element, it can be directly connected to or indirectly connected to the other element.
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific embodiments.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1-5, the invention provides a small granulating and drying all-in-one machine for preparing activated carbon, which structurally comprises a box body 1, a motor 2, a connecting rotating shaft 3, a feed hopper 4, a separation cavity 5 and a discharge port 6, wherein the box body 1 is welded with the separation cavity 5, the feed hopper 4 is arranged at the upper end of the separation cavity 5, the motor 2 is arranged at one side of the separation cavity 5, the motor 2 is in transmission connection with the inside of the separation cavity 5 through the connecting rotating shaft 3, the discharge port 6 is arranged at the left side of the box body 1, a crushing layer 11, a crushing cavity 12, a crushing roller 13 and a roller body cleaning device 14 are formed inside the box body 1, the crushing layer 11 and the crushing cavity 12 are of an integrated structure, the crushing roller 13 is arranged inside the crushing cavity 12, the roller body cleaning device 14 is arranged at the outer side of the bottom of the crushing layer 11, and the roller body cleaning, the roller cleaning device 14 comprises a support rod 141, a sealing plate 142, a lifting push rod 143, a feeding guide groove 144, a scraping body 145, a discharging guide port 146, a transfer member 147, a base 148, a heat dissipation port 149 and a driving motor 140, wherein two support rods 141 are provided, one end of each support rod 141 is arranged on two sides of the sealing plate 142 and is in hinged connection and matching, the other end of each support rod 141 is mechanically connected to the base 148, the feeding guide groove 144 is movably matched in the sealing plate 142, the feeding groove 144 is connected with the driving motor 140 through the lifting push rod 143, the driving motor 140 is provided with the heat dissipation port 149, the heat dissipation port 149 is matched in the base 148, the base 148 is hollow, the transfer member 147 is arranged on two sides of the base 148, the scraping body 145 is hinged to the support rods 141, the discharging guide port 146 is communicated with the feeding guide groove 144, and the scraping body 145 is in, one end of the support rod 141 is in contact with the outer rolling surface of the crushing roller 13, the inner side of the scraping bar 145 is welded with the feeding guide groove 144, the sealing plate 142 is mechanically sealed at the bottom of the crushing layer 11 in a hinged connection mode, the transfer piece 147 is composed of an extraction port 471, an exhaust channel 472, a suction pump 473 and an output pipe 474, the extraction port 471 is arranged on the exhaust channel 472, the extraction port 471 corresponds to the inner part of the base 148, the exhaust channel 472 is connected with the suction pump 473, one end of the output pipe 474 is connected with the exhaust channel 472, the other end of the output pipe is arranged outside the crushing layer 11, two or more exhaust holes are formed in two sides of the output pipe 474 and matched with the crushing layer 11 to discharge hot air of the heat dissipation port 149 to the crushing layer 11 for drying and dehumidifying.
The following describes the implementation of the small-sized granulating and drying all-in-one machine for preparing activated carbon, provided by the invention, in detail:
the carbonized material of the invention is fed from a feed hopper 4, after being sorted in a sorting cavity 5, the carbonized material is put into a crushing cavity 12, a crushing roller 13 is started, the crushing roller 13 rotates at high speed to crush the carbonized material in the crushing cavity 12, after the crushing is finished, the rotating speed of the crushing roller 13 is reduced, a servo motor 140 is started, the servo motor 140 starts a lifting push rod 143 to ascend, a feed guide groove 144 controlled by the lifting push rod 143 is pushed out upwards, the feed guide groove 144 moves upwards to open a sealing plate 142 in the pushing-out process, meanwhile, a scraping body 145 is synchronously taken out in the pushing-out of the feed guide groove 144, as shown in figure 3, the scraping body 145 is contacted with the roller surface of the crushing roller 13, the distance of the scraping body 145 which is higher than the feed guide groove 144 is the clearance between the feed guide groove 144 and the crushing roller 13, the crushing roller 13 which rotates slowly is contacted with the scraping body 145, the carbonized material adhered to the feed guide groove 144 is scraped into the feed guide groove 144 by the scraping body 145, and finally, the carbonized material is discharged, during the operation of the servo motor 140, the internal heat is diffused to the base 148 through the heat dissipating port 149, the transfer member 147 is installed in the base 148, the suction pump 473 disposed on the transfer member 147 is used to draw the heat dissipated from the heat dissipating port 149 from the suction port 471, and finally the heat is applied to the surface of the crushing layer 11 through the exhaust channel 472 and the output pipe 474, so as to dry the internal environment of the crushing chamber 12, thereby ensuring that the produced product is sufficiently dry.
The technical features of the embodiments described above may be arbitrarily combined, and for the sake of brevity, all possible combinations of the technical features in the embodiments described above are not described, but should be considered as being within the scope of the present specification as long as there is no contradiction between the combinations of the technical features.
The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides an activated carbon preparation is with small-size granulation drying machine which characterized in that: the structure of the roller comprises a box body (1), a motor (2), a connecting rotating shaft (3), a feed hopper (4), a sorting cavity (5) and a discharge port (6), wherein the sorting cavity (5) is welded on the box body (1), the feed hopper (4) is arranged at the upper end of the sorting cavity (5), the motor (2) is installed on one side of the sorting cavity (5), the motor (2) is in transmission connection with the inside of the sorting cavity (5) through the connecting rotating shaft (3), the discharge port (6) is arranged on the left side of the box body (1), a crushing layer (11), a crushing cavity (12), a crushing roller (13) and a roller cleaning device (14) are formed inside the box body (1), the crushing layer (11) and the crushing cavity (12) are of an integrated structure, the crushing roller (13) is arranged inside the crushing cavity (12), and the roller cleaning device (14) is installed outside the bottom of the crushing layer (11), the roller body cleaning device (14) is movably matched with the crushing roller (13).
2. The small granulating and drying all-in-one machine for preparing activated carbon according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: the roller body cleaning device (14) comprises a supporting rod (141), a sealing plate (142), a lifting push rod (143), two feeding guide grooves (144), a scraping body (145), a discharging guide opening (146), a transfer piece (147), a base (148), a heat dissipation opening (149) and a driving motor (140), wherein one end of the supporting rod (141) is arranged on two sides of the sealing plate (142) and is in hinged connection and matching with the sealing plate, the other end of the supporting rod (141) is mechanically connected to the base (148), the feeding guide groove (144) is movably matched in the sealing plate (142), the feeding groove (144) is connected with the driving motor (140) through the lifting push rod (143), the driving motor (140) is provided with the heat dissipation opening (149), the heat dissipation opening (149) is matched in the base (148), the base (148) is hollow, the transfer pieces (147) are arranged on two sides of the base (148), the scraping body (145) is hinged to the supporting rod (141), and the discharging guide port (146) is communicated with the feeding guide groove (144).
3. The small granulating and drying all-in-one machine for preparing activated carbon according to claim 2, characterized in that: the scraping body (145) is of a triangular structure, one end of the scraping body, which is opposite to the supporting rod (141), is in contact with the outer rolling surface of the crushing roller (13), and the inner side of the scraping strip (145) is welded with the feeding guide groove (144).
4. The small granulating and drying all-in-one machine for preparing activated carbon according to claim 2, characterized in that: the sealing plate (142) is mechanically sealed at the bottom of the crushing layer (11) in a hinged connection mode.
5. The small granulating and drying all-in-one machine for preparing activated carbon according to claim 2, characterized in that: the transfer piece (147) is provided with an extraction port (471), an exhaust channel (472), a suction pump (473) and an output pipe (474), the extraction port (471) is arranged on the exhaust channel (472), the extraction port (471) corresponds to the interior of the base (148), the exhaust channel (472) is connected with the suction pump (473), one end of the output pipe (474) is connected with the exhaust channel (472), and the other end of the output pipe is arranged outside the crushing layer (11).
6. The small granulating and drying all-in-one machine for preparing activated carbon according to claim 5, characterized in that: more than two exhaust holes are formed in the two sides of the output pipe (474), the exhaust holes are matched with the crushing layer (11), and hot air of the heat dissipation port (149) is discharged to the crushing layer (11) to be dried and dehumidified.
CN202010791473.3A 2020-08-07 2020-08-07 Small-size granulation drying machine is used in active carbon preparation Active CN111889187B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113716564A (en) * 2021-11-02 2021-11-30 江苏浦士达环保科技股份有限公司 Active carbon forming device

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH02180650A (en) * 1988-12-30 1990-07-13 Kaoru Iwata Roll grinding device for crusher
CN109569787A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-04-05 湖北沛丰生物科技股份有限公司 A kind of Rice producing equipment
CN208765448U (en) * 2018-09-05 2019-04-19 北京理化测试技术公司 A kind of small-sized granulation drying all-in-one machine of active carbon preparation
CN208771501U (en) * 2018-06-28 2019-04-23 安徽省神洲建材科技有限公司 A kind of environment-friendly building materials research and development crushing recyclable device with cleaning function
CN110976037A (en) * 2019-11-25 2020-04-10 衡阳县共兴油脂有限公司 Rapeseed processing equipment with multistage grinding and screening functions

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH02180650A (en) * 1988-12-30 1990-07-13 Kaoru Iwata Roll grinding device for crusher
CN208771501U (en) * 2018-06-28 2019-04-23 安徽省神洲建材科技有限公司 A kind of environment-friendly building materials research and development crushing recyclable device with cleaning function
CN208765448U (en) * 2018-09-05 2019-04-19 北京理化测试技术公司 A kind of small-sized granulation drying all-in-one machine of active carbon preparation
CN109569787A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-04-05 湖北沛丰生物科技股份有限公司 A kind of Rice producing equipment
CN110976037A (en) * 2019-11-25 2020-04-10 衡阳县共兴油脂有限公司 Rapeseed processing equipment with multistage grinding and screening functions

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113716564A (en) * 2021-11-02 2021-11-30 江苏浦士达环保科技股份有限公司 Active carbon forming device

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Effective date of registration: 20211125

Address after: 223100 No. 28, yanmahe Road, Hongze Economic Development Zone, Huai'an City, Jiangsu Province

Applicant after: JIANGSU XIN CHI THAI CARBON TECHNOLOGY CO.,LTD.

Address before: 518000 room 5-8, 10th floor, Changhong science and technology building, South 12th Road, science and Technology Park, Nanshan District, Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province

Applicant before: Cai Lianyu

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