CN111877762B - Movable automatic installation tool system for precast concrete wallboard - Google Patents

Movable automatic installation tool system for precast concrete wallboard Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111877762B
CN111877762B CN202010630569.1A CN202010630569A CN111877762B CN 111877762 B CN111877762 B CN 111877762B CN 202010630569 A CN202010630569 A CN 202010630569A CN 111877762 B CN111877762 B CN 111877762B
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China
Prior art keywords
lifting
precast concrete
wall
automatic
wheel
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CN202010630569.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111877762A (en
Inventor
龚剑
杨佳林
房霆宸
吴联定
左俊卿
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Shanghai Construction Group Co Ltd
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Shanghai Construction Group Co Ltd
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Publication of CN111877762A publication Critical patent/CN111877762A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • E04G21/16Tools or apparatus
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • E04G21/16Tools or apparatus
    • E04G21/167Tools or apparatus specially adapted for working-up plates, panels or slab shaped building elements

Abstract

The invention provides a movable automatic installation tool system for a precast concrete wallboard, which adopts a portable wall transfer platform, an automatic wall installation platform and a control system, wherein the precast concrete wallboard is transported to the automatic wall installation platform through the portable wall transfer platform, the automatic wall installation platform comprises two vertical support frames, a lifting beam, a lifting mechanism, a rotating hanging wheel, a hanging rope and two hanging hooks, the tops of the two vertical support frames are connected through the lifting beam, the rotating hanging wheel is arranged at the lower end of the lifting mechanism, the hanging rope is wound through the rotating hanging wheel, the two ends of the hanging rope are respectively connected with two hanging points at the upper part of the precast concrete wallboard through the hanging hooks, the lifting mechanism drives the rotating hanging wheel to move up and down to adjust the installation height of the precast concrete wallboard, the installation angle of the precast concrete wallboard in the vertical plane is adjusted through the rotating hanging wheel, and the problems of low assembly efficiency, low cost, and the like existing in the process of hoisting the precast concrete wallboard by constructors are solved, Poor safety, poor construction quality and the like.

Description

Movable automatic installation tool system for precast concrete wallboard
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of building industrialized building construction, and particularly relates to an automatic installation tool system for a movable precast concrete wallboard.
Background
Building industrialization is a new emerging production mode which is an effective means for recommending urban construction in China, and the fabricated concrete shear wall structure is used as an important industrial construction structural form and is very suitable for construction of houses for economic construction and guaranteed houses. The construction speed and the assembling quality of the assembled shear wall structure directly influence the industrialized construction process and the urbanization propulsion speed of China. In recent years, although certain development and progress are made in the construction technology and the installation process of the fabricated shear wall in China, some problems still exist in the hoisting and installation processes of the prefabricated shear wall component, and the construction technology and the installation process mainly comprise the following steps:
(1) the assembly efficiency is low and the economy is poor. When the precast concrete shear wall structure is constructed, the precast concrete wall panels processed by a precast concrete component factory are precast on site, and then the construction is completed by hoisting and splicing. In the process, machines and tools are mostly used for hoisting and assembling by using the construction tower crane, and the concrete wall is long in time consumption of assembling engineering, so that the tower crane occupies for a long time, the utilization rate is low, and the construction safety is poor.
(2) The potential safety hazard is large, and the construction quality is poor. When precast concrete wallboard was handled by the tower crane to appointed installation site, need adopt wall body sleeve or bolted connection's form to splice each other, at this in-process, need the installer manual work to carry out sleeve hole or bolt hole position centering construction, because wall body member is comparatively massive usually, workman manual operation consumes a large amount of manpowers, hover the in-process for a long time at the tower crane and also easily produce the potential safety hazard, in addition, the component rocks obviously, cause the component fracture to damage easily, the influence is built the quality.
Therefore, the development of an economical, convenient, rapid, efficient, safe and high-quality precast concrete wall panel installation tool is a problem to be solved urgently by the personnel in the field.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides an automatic installation tool system for a movable precast concrete wallboard, aiming at the defects of the technology and equipment in the assembling process of the existing precast shear wall component, and solving the problems of low assembly efficiency, poor safety, large potential safety hazard, poor construction quality and the like in the process of hoisting and installing the precast concrete wallboard by constructors at present.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
a movable automatic installation tool system for precast concrete wallboards comprises a portable wall transfer platform, an automatic wall installation platform and a control system, wherein the portable wall transfer platform can transport precast concrete wallboards to the automatic wall installation platform under the control of the control system, the automatic wall installation platform can lift and position the precast concrete wallboards under the control of the control system, the automatic wall installation platform comprises two vertical support frames, a lifting beam, a lifting mechanism, a rotating lifting wheel, a lifting rope and two lifting hooks, the tops of the two vertical support frames are connected through the lifting beam, the lifting mechanism is arranged on the lifting beam, the rotating lifting wheel is arranged at the lower end of the lifting mechanism, the lifting mechanism drives the rotating lifting wheel to move up and down under the control of the control system, the lifting rope is wound through the two rear ends of the rotary lifting wheel and is connected with two lifting points on the upper portion of the precast concrete wallboard through the lifting hook respectively, and the control system adjusts the installation angle of the precast concrete wallboard in a vertical plane by controlling the rotation of the rotary lifting wheel.
Preferably, in foretell portable precast concrete wallboard automatic installation frock system, portable wall body lighters the platform and includes supporting baseplate, storage rack body, wall body bracing piece, wall body layer board, a plurality of transportation gyro wheel, transportation driving motor and vertical pin, storage rack body set up perpendicularly in supporting baseplate's one end, the one end of wall body bracing piece is articulated with storage rack body's upper end, and the other end is articulated with the back of wall body layer board, set up the damping beam between wall body bracing piece and the storage rack body, that one end of keeping away from storage rack body on the supporting baseplate is equipped with vertical pin, a plurality of transportation gyro wheels set up in supporting baseplate's bottom with transportation driving motor, and transportation driving motor drives the transportation gyro wheel and rotates under control system control.
Preferably, in foretell portable precast concrete wallboard automatic installation frock system, set up first elastic buffer layer at vertical bumping foot inboard.
Preferably, in the above automatic mounting tool system for the movable precast concrete wall panel, the first elastic buffer layer is made of rubber.
Preferably, in the above automatic mounting tool system for the movable precast concrete wall panel, a sand layer is laid on the supporting bottom plate.
Preferably, in the above automatic mounting tool system for the movable precast concrete wallboard, the wall supporting plate is rectangular, and a second elastic buffer layer is arranged on the surface of the wall supporting plate, which is in contact with the precast concrete wallboard.
Preferably, in the above automatic mounting tool system for the movable precast concrete wall panel, the second elastic buffer layer is made of rubber.
Preferably, in the above automatic mounting tool system for the movable precast concrete wallboard, the lifting mechanism includes a lifting connecting rod and two lifting driving wheels, two side faces of the lifting connecting rod are respectively provided with a rack, the lifting cross beam includes two parallel cross rods, the lifting driving wheels are mounted on the two cross rods through pin shafts, the lifting connecting rod penetrates through a gap between the two cross rods, the two lifting driving wheels are located at two sides of the lifting connecting rod, the two lifting driving wheels are respectively meshed with the racks at two sides of the lifting connecting rod, the rotating hanging wheel is arranged at the lower end of the lifting connecting rod, and the control system drives the lifting connecting rod and the rotating hanging wheel thereon to move up and down by controlling the rotation of the lifting driving wheels.
Preferably, in foretell portable precast concrete wallboard automatic installation frock system, the use quantity and the interval of wall body bracing piece and damping beam are according to waiting to install precast concrete wallboard size and weight decision.
Preferably, in foretell portable precast concrete wallboard automatic installation frock system, automatic wall body mounting platform still includes removal driving motor and a plurality of removal gyro wheel, the removal gyro wheel sets up respectively in the bottom of vertical support frame, and removal driving motor drives under control system's control and removes the gyro wheel rotation.
According to the technical scheme disclosed above, compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
the invention provides a movable automatic installation tooling system for precast concrete wallboards, which adopts a portable wall transfer platform, an automatic wall installation platform and a control system, the precast concrete wallboards are transported to the automatic wall installation platform through the portable wall transfer platform, the automatic wall installation platform comprises two vertical support frames, a lifting beam, a lifting mechanism, a rotating hoisting wheel, a hoisting rope and two lifting hooks, the tops of the two vertical support frames are connected through the lifting beam, the lifting mechanism is arranged on the lifting beam, the rotating hoisting wheel is arranged at the lower end of the lifting mechanism, the hoisting rope is wound through the rotating hoisting wheel, the two ends of the hoisting rope are respectively connected with two hoisting points at the upper part of the precast concrete wallboards through the lifting hooks, the rotating hoisting wheel and the precast concrete wallboards suspended below the rotating hoisting wheel are driven by the lifting mechanism to move up and down, the installation angle of the precast concrete wallboard in a vertical plane is adjusted through rotating the hanging wheel, the installation angle of the precast concrete wallboard is adjusted manually is replaced, and the problems that the existing constructor is low in assembly efficiency, poor in safety, large in potential safety hazard, poor in construction quality and the like in the process of hoisting and installing the precast concrete wallboard are solved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an automated wall mounting platform according to an embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is a top view of fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of a portable wall lightering platform according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a top view of fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is a use state diagram of a portable wall lightering platform according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic view illustrating the rotation of the hanging wheel to adjust the installation angle of the precast concrete wall panel according to an embodiment of the present invention.
In the figure: 1 is precast concrete wallboard, 2 is portable wall body lightering platform, 3 is automatic wall body mounting platform, 4 is the wall body bracing piece, 5 is the layer board pivot, 6 is the wall body layer board, 7 is the support body pivot, 8 is the damping beam, 9 is the sand bed, 10 is vertical fender foot, 11 is first elastic buffer layer, 12 is the transportation gyro wheel, 13 is transportation driving motor, 14 is supporting baseplate, 15 is the storage rack body, 16 is vertical support frame, 17 is the lift crossbeam, 18 is the lifting connecting rod, 19 is the lifting drive wheel, 20 is the rotation hanging wheel, 21 is the lifting hook, 22 is the lifting rope, 23 is the rack, 24 is the removal gyro wheel.
Detailed Description
The invention is described in further detail below with reference to the figures and specific examples. The technical contents and features of the present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the embodiments illustrated in the accompanying drawings. It is further noted that the drawings are in greatly simplified form and are not to precise scale, merely for the purpose of facilitating and distinctly claiming the embodiments of the present invention. For convenience of description, the directions of "up" and "down" described below are the same as the directions of "up" and "down" in the drawings, but this is not a limitation of the technical solution of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 6, the embodiment discloses an automatic installation tooling system for a movable precast concrete wall panel, the system includes a portable wall transportation platform 2, an automatic wall installation platform 3 and a control system (not shown), the portable wall transportation platform 2 can transport precast concrete wall panels 1 to the automatic wall installation platform 3 under the control of the control system, the automatic wall installation platform 3 can lift and position the precast concrete wall panels 1 under the control of the control system, the automatic wall installation platform 3 includes two vertical support frames 16, a lifting beam 17, a lifting mechanism, a rotating lifting wheel 20, a lifting rope 22 and two lifting hooks 21, the tops of the two vertical support frames 16 are connected through the lifting beam 17, the lifting mechanism is arranged on the lifting beam 17, the rotating lifting wheel 20 is arranged at the lower end of the lifting mechanism, the lifting mechanism drives the rotary hanging wheel 20 to move up and down under the control of the control system, the hanging rope 22 winds through the rear two ends of the rotary hanging wheel 20 and is connected with the two hanging points on the upper portion of the precast concrete wallboard 1 through the hanging hook 21 respectively, and the control system adjusts the installation angle of the precast concrete wallboard 1 in a vertical plane by controlling the rotation of the rotary hanging wheel 20.
The invention provides a movable automatic installation tooling system for precast concrete wallboards, which adopts a portable wall transfer platform 2, an automatic wall installation platform 3 and a control system, wherein precast concrete wallboards 1 are transported to the automatic wall installation platform 3 through the portable wall transfer platform 2, the automatic wall installation platform 3 comprises two vertical support frames 16, a lifting beam 17, a lifting mechanism, a rotating hoisting wheel 20, a hoisting rope 22 and two lifting hooks 21, the tops of the two vertical support frames 16 are connected through the lifting beam 17, the lifting mechanism is arranged on the lifting beam 17, the rotating hoisting wheel 20 is arranged at the lower end of the lifting mechanism, the hoisting rope 22 is wound through the rotating hoisting wheel 20, the two ends of the hoisting rope are respectively connected with two hoisting points at the upper part of the precast concrete wallboards 1 through the hoisting hooks 21, the rotating hoisting wheel 20 and the precast concrete wallboards 1 suspended below the rotating hoisting wheel 20 are driven by the lifting mechanism to move up and down, the installation angle of the precast concrete wallboard 1 in a vertical plane is adjusted by rotating the hanging wheel 20 to replace the installation angle of the precast concrete wallboard 1 adjusted manually, so that the problems that the existing constructors are low in assembly efficiency, poor in safety, large in potential safety hazard, poor in construction quality and the like in the process of hoisting and installing the precast concrete wallboard 1 are solved.
Preferably, in the above-mentioned movable automatic installation tooling system for precast concrete wall panels, the portable wall lightering platform 2 comprises a supporting base plate 14, a storage rack body 15, a wall supporting rod 4, a wall supporting plate 6, a plurality of transport rollers 12, a transport driving motor 13 and a vertical baffle foot 10, the storage rack body 15 is vertically arranged at one end of the supporting base plate 14, one end of the wall supporting rod 4 is hinged with the upper end of the storage rack body 15, the other end of the wall supporting rod 4 is hinged with the back of the wall supporting plate 6 through a back hinge with the wall supporting plate 6, specifically, the other end of the wall supporting rod 4 is hinged with the back of the wall supporting plate 6 through a supporting plate rotating hinge 5, the wall supporting plate 6 hinged with the wall supporting rod 4 is arranged, so that the wall supporting plate 6 can be self-adaptively attached to the side surface of the precast concrete wall panel 1, thereby providing stable support for the precast concrete wall panel 1, avoiding stress concentration and damaging the precast concrete wall panel 1. Set up damping rod 8 between wall body bracing piece 4 and the storage rack body 15, that one end of keeping away from storage rack body 15 on supporting baseplate 14 is equipped with vertical fender foot 10, a plurality of transportation gyro wheels 12 set up in supporting baseplate 14's bottom with transportation driving motor 13, and transportation driving motor 13 drives transportation gyro wheel 12 and rotates under control system control. During the use, the bottom of precast concrete wallboard 1 is shelved on supporting baseplate 14 and is located the inboard of vertical pin 10, upper portion one side of precast concrete wallboard 1 by wall body layer board 6 supports, vertical pin 10 with wall body layer board 6 is located respectively precast concrete wallboard 1's both sides, through setting up vertical pin 10, can prevent precast concrete wallboard 1 slippage. The portable wall body lightering platform 2 is moved by arranging the conveying rollers 12 and the conveying driving motor 13, so that the prefabricated concrete wall board 1 is conveyed. The number and the distance between the wall support rods 4 and the damping rods 8 are determined according to the size and the weight of the precast concrete wallboard 1 to be installed. Through set up damping rod 8 between wall body bracing piece 4 and storage rack body 15, its aim at precast concrete wallboard 1 shelves and reduces its jolt when refuting, avoids the fracture.
Preferably, in foretell portable precast concrete wallboard automatic installation frock system, set up first elastic buffer layer 11 in vertical bumping foot 10 inboard, in this embodiment first elastic buffer layer 11 adopts rubber to protection precast concrete wallboard 1 prevents it and gouges.
Preferably, in the above automatic mounting tool system for the movable precast concrete wall panel, a sand layer 9 is laid on the supporting base plate 14 to protect the bottom of the precast concrete wall panel 1.
Preferably, in the above-mentioned automatic installation tooling system for the movable precast concrete wall panel, the wall body supporting plate 6 is rectangular, a second elastic buffer layer (not shown) is arranged on the surface of the wall body supporting plate 6 contacting the precast concrete wall panel 1, rubber is specifically adopted, and the second elastic buffer layer is arranged on the surface of the wall body supporting plate 6 contacting the precast concrete wall panel 1, so that the effect of protecting the precast concrete wall panel 1 can be achieved.
Preferably, in the above automatic mounting tooling system for the movable precast concrete wall panel, the lifting mechanism includes a lifting connecting rod 18 and two lifting driving wheels 19, two side surfaces of the lifting connecting rod 18 are respectively provided with a rack 23, the lifting beam 17 includes two parallel cross rods, the lifting driving wheels 19 are mounted on the two cross rods through pin shafts, the lifting connecting rod 18 penetrates through a gap between the two cross rods, the two lifting driving wheels 19 are located at two sides of the lifting connecting rod 18, the two lifting driving wheels 19 are respectively meshed with the racks 23 at two sides of the lifting connecting rod 18, the rotating hanging wheel 20 is arranged at the lower end of the lifting connecting rod 18, and the control system drives the lifting connecting rod 18 and the rotating hanging wheel 20 thereon to move up and down by controlling the rotation of the lifting driving wheels 19. By adopting the lifting mechanism with the structure, the lifting of the precast concrete wallboard 1 can be realized, and the two lifting driving wheels 19 are meshed with the racks 23 at the two sides of the lifting connecting rod 18, so that the double-gear meshing force is realized, the stable support of the precast concrete wallboard 1 can be realized, and the construction safety is improved.
Preferably, in foretell portable precast concrete wallboard automatic installation frock system, when rotating hanging wheel 20 and rotating, hanging rope 22 follows to rotate hanging wheel 20 and rotates, changes the height of two hoisting points of precast concrete wallboard 1 to the installation angle of adjustment precast concrete wallboard 1 in vertical plane.
Preferably, in the above automatic mounting tool system for the movable precast concrete wall panel, the automatic wall mounting platform 3 further includes a moving driving motor (not shown) and a plurality of moving rollers 24, the moving rollers 24 are respectively disposed at the bottom of the vertical support frame 16, and the moving driving motor drives the moving rollers 24 to rotate under the control of the control system. By arranging the movable driving motor and the plurality of movable rollers 24, the automatic walking of the automatic wall mounting platform 3 can be realized.
Preferably, in foretell portable precast concrete wallboard automatic installation frock system, control system passes through 5G radio signal long-range or field control transportation driving motor 13, removal driving motor, hoist mechanism (specifically for promoting drive wheel 19) and rotation hanging wheel 20 to realize precast concrete wallboard 1 automatic transportation and installation, reduce construction potential safety hazard, reduce intensity of labour, improve and assemble efficiency.
The above description is only for the purpose of describing the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and any variations and modifications made by those skilled in the art based on the above disclosure are intended to fall within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (9)

1. A movable automatic installation tool system for precast concrete wallboards is characterized by comprising a portable wall transfer platform, an automatic wall installation platform and a control system, wherein the portable wall transfer platform can transport precast concrete wallboards to the automatic wall installation platform under the control of the control system, the automatic wall installation platform can lift and position the precast concrete wallboards under the control of the control system, the automatic wall installation platform comprises two vertical support frames, a lifting beam, a lifting mechanism, a rotating lifting wheel, a lifting rope and two lifting hooks, the tops of the two vertical support frames are connected through the lifting beam, the lifting mechanism is arranged on the lifting beam, the rotating lifting wheel is arranged at the lower end of the lifting mechanism, the lifting mechanism drives the rotating lifting wheel to move up and down under the control of the control system, the lifting rope is wound through the rotary lifting wheel, the two ends of the lifting rope are respectively connected with the two lifting points at the upper part of the precast concrete wallboard through the lifting hook, the control system adjusts the installation angle of the precast concrete wall panel in the vertical plane by controlling the rotation of the rotary hanging wheel, the lifting mechanism comprises a lifting connecting rod and two lifting driving wheels, two side surfaces of the lifting connecting rod are respectively provided with a rack, the lifting cross beam comprises two parallel cross rods, the lifting driving wheel is arranged on the two cross rods through a pin shaft, the lifting connecting rod passes through a gap between the two cross rods, the two lifting driving wheels are positioned at the two sides of the lifting connecting rod, the two lifting driving wheels are respectively meshed with the racks at the two sides of the lifting connecting rod, the rotating hanging wheel is arranged at the lower end of the lifting connecting rod, the control system drives the lifting connecting rod and the rotary hanging wheel on the lifting connecting rod to move up and down by controlling the rotation of the lifting driving wheel.
2. The movable automatic installation tooling system for the precast concrete wall panels as claimed in claim 1, wherein the portable wall lightering platform comprises a support base plate, a storage rack body, a wall supporting rod, a wall supporting plate, a plurality of transport rollers, a transport driving motor and vertical stop feet, the storage rack body is vertically arranged at one end of the support base plate, one end of the wall supporting rod is hinged to the upper end of the storage rack body, the other end of the wall supporting rod is hinged to the back of the wall supporting plate, a damping rod is arranged between the wall supporting rod and the storage rack body, the end of the support base plate, which is far away from the storage rack body, is provided with the vertical stop feet, the transport rollers and the transport driving motor are arranged at the bottom of the support base plate, and the transport driving motor drives the transport rollers to rotate under the control of a control system.
3. The automatic installation tooling system for movable precast concrete panels of claim 2, wherein a first elastic buffer layer is provided inside the vertical leg.
4. The automatic installation tooling system for movable precast concrete wall panels of claim 3, wherein the first elastic cushioning layer is made of rubber.
5. The automatic installation tooling system for movable precast concrete wall panels of claim 2, wherein a sand layer is laid on the support floor.
6. The automatic installation tooling system for the movable precast concrete wall panel according to claim 2, wherein the wall supporting plate is rectangular, and a second elastic buffer layer is arranged on the surface of the wall supporting plate, which is in contact with the precast concrete wall panel.
7. The automatic installation tooling system for movable precast concrete wall panels of claim 6, wherein the second elastic buffer layer is made of rubber.
8. The automatic installation tool system for the movable precast concrete wall panel according to claim 1, wherein the number and the distance between the wall support rods and the damping rods are determined according to the size and the weight of the precast concrete wall panel to be installed.
9. The automatic installation tooling system for the movable precast concrete wall panel according to claim 1, wherein the automatic wall installation platform further comprises a movement driving motor and a plurality of movement rollers, the movement rollers are respectively arranged at the bottom of the vertical support frame, and the movement driving motor drives the movement rollers to rotate under the control of the control system.
CN202010630569.1A 2020-07-01 2020-07-01 Movable automatic installation tool system for precast concrete wallboard Active CN111877762B (en)

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CN202010630569.1A CN111877762B (en) 2020-07-01 2020-07-01 Movable automatic installation tool system for precast concrete wallboard

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