CN111821487B - Medical stethoscope disinfection device - Google Patents

Medical stethoscope disinfection device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111821487B
CN111821487B CN202010717596.2A CN202010717596A CN111821487B CN 111821487 B CN111821487 B CN 111821487B CN 202010717596 A CN202010717596 A CN 202010717596A CN 111821487 B CN111821487 B CN 111821487B
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China
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clamping
vertical
groove
lead screw
rod
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CN111821487A (en
Inventor
黄杨
张秀敏
尹文
王倩梅
谢建刚
艾美梅
朱朝娟
范颖楠
鲁传豪
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Air Force Medical University of PLA
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Air Force Medical University of PLA
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/16Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor using chemical substances
    • A61L2/18Liquid substances or solutions comprising solids or dissolved gases
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/02Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor using physical phenomena
    • A61L2/08Radiation
    • A61L2/10Ultraviolet radiation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/26Accessories or devices or components used for biocidal treatment
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/001Drying-air generating units, e.g. movable, independent of drying enclosure
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2202/00Aspects relating to methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects
    • A61L2202/20Targets to be treated
    • A61L2202/24Medical instruments, e.g. endoscopes, catheters, sharps

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  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Animal Behavior & Ethology (AREA)
  • Epidemiology (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Public Health (AREA)
  • Veterinary Medicine (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • General Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Apparatus For Disinfection Or Sterilisation (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a medical stethoscope disinfecting device, which belongs to the field of disinfecting devices and comprises a disinfecting box, a clamping mechanism and a disinfecting and drying unit, wherein the clamping mechanism and the disinfecting and drying unit are arranged in the disinfecting box; the clamping mechanism comprises two vertical plates which are oppositely arranged on a bottom plate in the disinfection box, vertical grooves are formed in the middle of the two vertical plates along the height direction, a vertical moving mechanism is arranged in each vertical groove, and an upper clamping piece and a lower clamping piece which are identical in structure and are mutually symmetrical are arranged between the two vertical grooves; the upper clamping piece comprises a first hydraulic rod and a first clamping head, and the vertical moving mechanism drives the first hydraulic rod to move up and down along the vertical groove; the lower clamping piece comprises a supporting rod, a second hydraulic rod and a second clamping head arranged at the end part of the second hydraulic rod, one end of the supporting rod is fixedly connected with the rear wall of the vertical groove, the side wall of the other end of the supporting rod is provided with a transverse groove, a horizontal moving mechanism is arranged in the transverse groove, and the horizontal moving mechanism drives the second hydraulic rod to move left and right along the transverse groove. The device disinfects more thoroughly, and uses manpower sparingly, improves work efficiency.

Description

Medical stethoscope disinfection device
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of disinfection devices, and particularly relates to a medical stethoscope disinfection device.
Background
The stethoscope is the most commonly used diagnostic tool for internal and external gynecologists, is the mark of the doctors, and the modern medicine is the invention of the stethoscope, and the types of the stethoscope currently include a single-use stethoscope, a double-use stethoscope, a three-purpose stethoscope, a vertical stethoscope, a multi-purpose stethoscope and a newly appeared electronic stethoscope; the color can be selected from various colors. And are generally divided into various types by different combinations of auditory heads. The stethoscope head is in direct contact with the skin of a patient during auscultation, so that the stethoscope needs to be disinfected regularly to prevent cross infection of germs.
The existing disinfection method is to wipe by manpower, and has the problems of manpower occupation, low disinfection efficiency and poor disinfection effect. The other way is to adopt a disinfection device for disinfection, and the existing disinfection device can not reasonably fix all parts of the whole stethoscope, so that the disinfection effect is influenced.
In order to solve the above problems, a medical stethoscope disinfecting device is provided in the present application.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the defects of the prior art, the invention provides a medical stethoscope disinfecting device.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
a medical stethoscope disinfecting device comprises a disinfecting box, a clamping mechanism and a disinfecting and drying unit, wherein the clamping mechanism and the disinfecting and drying unit are arranged in the disinfecting box;
the top of the disinfection box is provided with a cover plate, the clamping mechanism comprises two vertical plates which are oppositely arranged on a bottom plate in the disinfection box, a vertical groove is formed in the middle of each vertical plate along the height direction, a vertical moving mechanism is arranged in each vertical groove, and an upper clamping piece and a lower clamping piece which are identical in structure and are mutually opposite are sequentially arranged between the two vertical grooves from top to bottom;
the upper clamping piece comprises a first hydraulic rod and a first clamping head arranged at the end part of the first hydraulic rod, the vertical moving mechanism drives the first hydraulic rod to move up and down along the vertical groove, and the first clamping head is used for clamping the stethoscope earplugs;
the lower clamping piece comprises a supporting rod, a second hydraulic rod and a second clamping head arranged at the end part of the second hydraulic rod, one end of the supporting rod is fixedly connected with the rear wall of the vertical groove, a transverse groove is formed in the side wall of the other end of the supporting rod, a horizontal moving mechanism is arranged in the transverse groove and drives the second hydraulic rod to move left and right along the transverse groove, and the second clamping head is used for clamping the stethoscope head;
the sterilizing and drying unit is used for spraying disinfectant and drying the sterilized earplugs of the stethoscope and the stethoscope head.
Preferably, the vertical moving mechanism includes a first motor and a first lead screw, the first motor is disposed on the top of the vertical plate, the first lead screw is disposed in the vertical groove, an output shaft of the first motor penetrates through the vertical plate to be in transmission connection with the upper end of the first lead screw, the lower end of the first lead screw is rotatably connected with the bottom of the vertical groove, a first lead screw nut is screwed on the first lead screw, a first sliding block matched with the vertical groove is fixed outside the first lead screw nut, and the first hydraulic rod is fixed on the first sliding block.
Preferably, the first clamping head comprises a first fixing block, the first fixing block is fixed to the end portion of the first hydraulic rod, a clamping groove is formed in the top of the first fixing block, a clamping plate is arranged in the clamping groove, a baffle towards one side is arranged at the top of the clamping plate, and the clamping plate is connected with the clamping groove in a sliding mode.
Preferably, a return spring is further arranged in the clamping groove, one end of the return spring is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the clamping groove, and the other end of the return spring is fixedly connected with the other side of the clamping plate.
Preferably, a sliding groove is formed in the bottom of the clamping groove, a second motor is arranged on the outer wall of the first fixing block, a second lead screw is arranged in the sliding groove, an output shaft of the second motor penetrates through the first fixing block to be in transmission connection with one end of the second lead screw, the other end of the second lead screw is in rotation connection with the inner wall of the sliding groove, a second lead screw nut is connected onto the second lead screw in a threaded connection mode, and the clamping plate is fixed onto the second lead screw nut.
Preferably, the horizontal movement mechanism comprises a third motor and a third screw rod, the third motor is arranged at the end of the supporting rod, the third screw rod is arranged in the transverse groove, an output shaft of the third motor penetrates through the supporting rod to be in transmission connection with one end of the third screw rod, the other end of the third screw rod is in rotation connection with the inner wall of the transverse groove, a third screw rod nut is screwed on the third screw rod, a third sliding block matched with the transverse groove is fixed outside the third screw rod nut, and the second hydraulic rod is fixed on the third sliding block.
Preferably, the second clamping head comprises a second fixing block, the second fixing block is fixed to the end portion of the second hydraulic rod, a clamping rod is arranged on the side wall of the second fixing block, a clamping groove is formed in the end portion of the clamping rod, and the clamping groove is used for clamping the stethoscope head.
Preferably, the sterilizing and drying unit comprises a liquid storage tank and a plurality of spray heads communicated with the liquid storage tank, a cross beam is arranged at the tops of the two vertical plates, the liquid storage tank is arranged at the top of the cross beam, the plurality of spray heads are uniformly arranged on the inner wall of one vertical plate, and an air dryer is arranged at the bottom of the cross beam.
Preferably, two annular frames are further arranged between the sterilizing box and the clamping mechanism, a plurality of ultraviolet sterilizing lamps are arranged between the two annular frames, and the annular frames are connected with the sterilizing box through connecting rods.
Preferably, the bottom of the disinfection box is provided with a turntable, the two vertical plates are arranged on the turntable, the center of the bottom of the disinfection box is provided with a rotating motor and a plurality of supporting legs arranged around the rotating motor, and an output shaft of the rotating motor penetrates through the disinfection box to be connected with the turntable.
The invention provides a medical stethoscope disinfecting device which comprises a disinfecting box, a clamping mechanism and a disinfecting and drying unit, wherein the clamping mechanism and the disinfecting and drying unit are arranged in the disinfecting box; the clamping mechanism comprises an upper clamping piece and a lower clamping piece which have the same structure and are mutually symmetrical; the upper clamping piece comprises a first hydraulic rod and a first clamping head arranged at the end part of the first hydraulic rod, the first clamping head is used for clamping the stethoscope earplugs, and meanwhile, the vertical moving mechanism drives the first hydraulic rod to move up and down along the vertical groove, so that the stethoscope is convenient to take and place; the lower clamping piece comprises a supporting rod, a second hydraulic rod and a second clamping head arranged at the end part of the second hydraulic rod, one end of the supporting rod is fixedly connected with the rear wall of the vertical groove, the side wall of the other end of the supporting rod is provided with a transverse groove, a horizontal moving mechanism is arranged in the transverse groove and drives the second hydraulic rod to move left and right along the transverse groove, the second clamping head is used for clamping a stethoscope head, the stethoscope can be disinfected and dried by a disinfecting and drying unit, the whole stethoscope can be propped open by the vertical moving mechanism and the horizontal moving mechanism, so that the earplugs and the stethoscope head are not shielded, and the disinfection and drying are more convenient; the disinfection is more thorough, and uses manpower sparingly, improves work efficiency.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a medical stethoscope disinfecting apparatus according to embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the medical stethoscope disinfecting apparatus according to embodiment 1 of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of the clamping mechanism;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the medical stethoscope sterilizing device with the clamping mechanism removed;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of an upper clamp;
FIG. 6 is another schematic structural view of the upper clamp;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of the lower clamp.
Description of reference numerals:
the disinfection box comprises a disinfection box 1, a cover plate 2, a vertical plate 3, a first hydraulic rod 4, a support rod 5, a second hydraulic rod 6, a first motor 7, a first lead screw 8, a first sliding block 9, a first fixing block 10, a clamping plate 11, a baffle plate 12, a return spring 13, a second lead screw 14, a third motor 15, a third lead screw 16, a second fixing block 17, a clamping rod 18, a liquid storage box 19, a sprinkler head 20, an air dryer 21, an annular frame 22, an ultraviolet disinfection lamp 23, a rotary disc 24, a rotary motor 25, support legs 26, a cross beam 27 and a second motor 28.
Detailed Description
In order that those skilled in the art will better understand the technical solutions of the present invention and can practice the same, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific examples. The following examples are only for illustrating the technical solutions of the present invention more clearly, and the protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereby.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "length", "width", "thickness", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", "axial", "radial", "circumferential", etc. indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of describing technical solutions of the present invention and simplifying the description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and the like are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance. In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless explicitly stated or limited otherwise, the terms "connected" and "connected" are to be interpreted broadly, e.g., as a fixed connection, a detachable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; may be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations. In the description of the present invention, unless otherwise specified, "a plurality" means two or more, and will not be described in detail herein.
Example 1
The invention provides a medical stethoscope disinfecting device, which is particularly shown in figures 1 to 7 and comprises a disinfecting box 1, a clamping mechanism and a disinfecting and drying unit, wherein the clamping mechanism and the disinfecting and drying unit are arranged in the disinfecting box 1;
the top of the disinfection box 1 is provided with a cover plate 2, the clamping mechanism comprises two vertical plates 3 which are oppositely arranged on a bottom plate in the disinfection box 1, vertical grooves are formed in the middle of the two vertical plates 3 along the height direction, a vertical moving mechanism is arranged in each vertical groove, and an upper clamping piece and a lower clamping piece which are identical in structure and are mutually and oppositely symmetrical are sequentially arranged between the two vertical grooves from top to bottom;
the upper clamping piece comprises a first hydraulic rod 4 and a first clamping head arranged at the end part of the first hydraulic rod 4, the vertical moving mechanism drives the first hydraulic rod 4 to move up and down along the vertical groove, and the first clamping head is used for clamping the stethoscope earplugs; meanwhile, the vertical moving mechanism drives the first hydraulic rod to move up and down along the vertical groove, so that the stethoscope is convenient to take and place.
The lower clamping piece comprises a supporting rod 5, a second hydraulic rod 6 and a second clamping head arranged at the end part of the second hydraulic rod 6, one end of the supporting rod 5 is fixedly connected with the rear wall of the vertical groove, the side wall of the other end of the supporting rod 5 is provided with a transverse groove, a horizontal moving mechanism is arranged in the transverse groove and drives the second hydraulic rod 6 to move left and right along the transverse groove, and the second clamping head is used for clamping the stethoscope head;
the sterilizing and drying unit is used for spraying disinfectant and drying the sterilized earplugs of the stethoscope and the stethoscope head. The stethoscope can be disinfected and dried by the disinfecting and drying unit, and the whole stethoscope can be spread by the vertical moving mechanism and the horizontal moving mechanism, so that the earplugs and the stethoscope head are not shielded, and the disinfection and drying are more convenient; the disinfection is more thorough, and uses manpower sparingly, improves work efficiency.
Specifically, in this embodiment, the vertical moving mechanism includes a first motor 7 and a first lead screw 8, the first motor 7 is disposed on the top of the vertical plate 3, the first lead screw 8 is disposed in the vertical groove, an output shaft of the first motor 7 passes through the vertical plate 3 and is connected with the upper end of the first lead screw 8 in a transmission manner, the lower end of the first lead screw 8 is rotatably connected with the bottom of the vertical groove, a first lead screw nut is screwed on the first lead screw 8, a first sliding block 9 matched with the vertical groove is externally fixed on the first lead screw nut, and the first hydraulic rod 4 is fixed on the first sliding block 9. The first motor 7 drives the first lead screw 8 to rotate, so that the first lead screw nut moves up and down along the first lead screw 8, the first sliding block 9 is driven to move up and down, and finally the purpose that the upper clamping piece moves up and down is achieved.
Specifically, in this embodiment, the first clamping head includes first fixed block 10, and first fixed block 10 is fixed at the 4 tip of first hydraulic stem, and the draw-in groove has been seted up at first fixed block 10 top, is provided with splint 11 in the draw-in groove, and splint 11 top is provided with baffle 12 towards one side, splint 11 and draw-in groove sliding connection. The stethoscope earplugs may be held therein by a clamping plate 11 and a baffle 12.
For the earplug is fixed firm and take the convenience, in this embodiment, still be provided with reset spring 13 in the draw-in groove, reset spring 13 one end and draw-in groove inner wall fixed connection, the other end of reset spring 13 and splint 11 opposite side fixed connection.
In this embodiment, the earplug can be further clamped in an automatic control manner, specifically, a chute is formed in the bottom of the clamping groove, the outer wall of the first fixing block 10 is provided with the second motor 28, the second lead screw 14 is arranged in the chute, an output shaft of the second motor 28 penetrates through the first fixing block 10 to be in transmission connection with one end of the second lead screw 14, the other end of the second lead screw 14 is in rotation connection with the inner wall of the chute, the second lead screw nut is screwed on the second lead screw 14, and the clamping plate 11 is fixed on the second lead screw nut.
Further, in this embodiment, the horizontal movement mechanism includes a third motor 15 and a third lead screw 16, the third motor 15 is disposed at the end of the support rod 5, the third lead screw is disposed in the transverse groove, an output shaft of the third motor 15 passes through the support rod 5 and is in transmission connection with one end of the third lead screw 16, the other end of the third lead screw 16 is in rotational connection with the inner wall of the transverse groove, a third lead screw nut is screwed onto the third lead screw 16, a third slider matched with the transverse groove is fixed outside the third lead screw nut, and the second hydraulic rod 6 is fixed on the third slider. The third screw rod 16 is driven to rotate by the third motor 15, so that the second hydraulic rod 6 is driven to move left and right, and the distance between the two second clamping heads is adjusted, so that the two auscultation heads are firmly clamped.
Specifically, in this embodiment, the second clamping head includes a second fixed block 17, the second fixed block 17 is fixed at the end of the second hydraulic rod 6, a clamping rod 18 is arranged on the side wall of the second fixed block 17, and a clamping groove is arranged at the end of the clamping rod 18 and used for clamping the stethoscope head.
Further, in this embodiment, the disinfecting and drying unit includes a liquid storage tank 19 and a plurality of spray heads 20 communicated with the liquid storage tank 19, a cross beam 27 is disposed on the top of two of the vertical plates 3, the liquid storage tank 19 is disposed on the top of the cross beam 27, the plurality of spray heads 20 are uniformly disposed on the inner wall of one vertical plate 3, and an air dryer 21 is disposed at the bottom of the cross beam 27. Disinfectant is sprayed to the stethoscope through the spraying head 20, and air drying can be performed through the air dryer 21 after disinfection. In this embodiment, a plurality of the sprinkler heads 20 are arranged along the height direction of the standing plate 3, wherein the sprinkler heads 20 are arranged above and below the first holding head and the second holding head, and the spraying direction of the sprinkler heads 20 is towards the upper and lower surfaces of the stethoscope head and the earplugs.
Further, in this embodiment, two annular frames 22 are further disposed between the sterilization box 1 and the clamping mechanism, a plurality of ultraviolet disinfection lamps 23 are disposed between the two annular frames 22, the annular frames 22 are connected with the sterilization box 1 through connecting rods, and disinfection solution or the ultraviolet disinfection lamps 23 can be selected as required for sterilization.
In order to make each part of stethoscope evenly disinfect, in this embodiment, disinfection case 1 bottom is provided with carousel 24, and two risers 3 all set up on carousel 24, and disinfection case 1 bottom center is provided with rotating electrical machines 25 and encircles a plurality of supporting legs 26 that rotating electrical machines 25 set up, and rotating electrical machines 25's output shaft passes disinfection case 1 and is connected with carousel 24. The rotary motor 25 drives the rotary table 24 to rotate, and the rotary table 24 drives the whole clamping mechanism to rotate.
During the use, through first holding head and second holding head part with earplug and auscultation head centre gripping, pull open the interconnecting link between earplug and the auscultation head through vertical moving mechanism, be close to two clamping bar 18 through horizontal migration mechanism for the auscultation head is by the centre gripping stable. Then cleaning fluid is sprayed to the earplugs and the stethoscope heads through the spraying heads, and after cleaning is completed, the earplugs and the stethoscope heads are dried through the air dryer 21 or the ultraviolet disinfection lamp 23. The whole device is simple to operate, the auscultation head and the earplugs are firmly fixed, the cleaning is thorough, and the working efficiency is greatly improved.
The above-mentioned embodiments are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, and the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any simple modifications or equivalent substitutions of the technical solutions that can be obviously obtained by those skilled in the art within the technical scope of the present invention are included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The medical stethoscope sterilizing device is characterized by comprising a sterilizing box (1), a clamping mechanism and a sterilizing and drying unit, wherein the clamping mechanism and the sterilizing and drying unit are arranged in the sterilizing box (1);
the top of the disinfection box (1) is provided with a cover plate (2), the clamping mechanism comprises two vertical plates (3) which are oppositely arranged on a bottom plate in the disinfection box (1), a vertical groove is formed in the middle of each vertical plate (3) along the height direction, a vertical moving mechanism is arranged in each vertical groove, and an upper clamping piece and a lower clamping piece which are identical in structure and are mutually and oppositely symmetrical are sequentially arranged between the two vertical grooves from top to bottom;
the upper clamping piece comprises a first hydraulic rod (4) and a first clamping head arranged at the end part of the first hydraulic rod (4), the vertical moving mechanism drives the first hydraulic rod (4) to move up and down along the vertical groove, and the first clamping head is used for clamping an earplug of the stethoscope;
the lower clamping piece comprises a supporting rod (5), a second hydraulic rod (6) and a second clamping head arranged at the end part of the second hydraulic rod (6), one end of the supporting rod (5) is fixedly connected with the rear wall of the vertical groove, a transverse groove is formed in the side wall of the other end of the supporting rod (5), a horizontal moving mechanism is arranged in the transverse groove, the horizontal moving mechanism drives the second hydraulic rod (6) to move left and right along the transverse groove, and the second clamping head is used for clamping the stethoscope head;
the sterilizing and drying unit is used for spraying disinfectant and drying the sterilized earplugs of the stethoscope and the stethoscope head;
the horizontal moving mechanism comprises a third motor (15) and a third screw rod (16), the third motor (15) is arranged at the end part of the supporting rod (5), the third screw rod (16) is arranged in the transverse groove, an output shaft of the third motor (15) penetrates through the supporting rod (5) and is in transmission connection with one end of the third screw rod (16), the other end of the third screw rod (16) is in rotary connection with the inner wall of the transverse groove, a third screw rod nut is screwed on the third screw rod (16), a third sliding block matched with the transverse groove is fixed outside the third screw rod nut, and the second hydraulic rod (6) is fixed on the third sliding block;
the second clamping head comprises a second fixing block (17), the second fixing block (17) is fixed to the end portion of the second hydraulic rod (6), a clamping rod (18) is arranged on the side wall of the second fixing block (17), a clamping groove is formed in the end portion of the clamping rod (18), and the clamping groove is used for clamping the stethoscope head.
2. The medical stethoscope disinfecting device according to claim 1, wherein the vertical moving mechanism comprises a first motor (7) and a first lead screw (8), the first motor (7) is disposed on the top of the vertical plate (3), the first lead screw (8) is disposed in the vertical groove, an output shaft of the first motor (7) penetrates through the vertical plate (3) and is in transmission connection with the upper end of the first lead screw (8), the lower end of the first lead screw (8) is in rotary connection with the bottom of the vertical groove, a first lead screw nut is screwed onto the first lead screw (8), a first sliding block (9) matched with the vertical groove is fixed outside the first lead screw nut, and the first hydraulic rod (4) is fixed on the first sliding block (9).
3. The medical stethoscope disinfecting device according to claim 2, wherein the first holding head comprises a first fixing block (10), the first fixing block (10) is fixed to the end of the first hydraulic rod (4), a slot is formed in the top of the first fixing block (10), a clamping plate (11) is arranged in the slot, a baffle (12) facing one side is arranged on the top of the clamping plate (11), and the clamping plate (11) is slidably connected with the slot.
4. The medical stethoscope disinfecting device according to claim 3, wherein a return spring (13) is further disposed in the slot, one end of the return spring (13) is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the slot, and the other end of the return spring (13) is fixedly connected to the other side of the clamping plate (11).
5. The medical stethoscope disinfecting device according to claim 3, wherein a sliding groove is formed in the bottom of the clamping groove, a second motor (28) is arranged on the outer wall of the first fixing block (10), a second lead screw (14) is arranged in the sliding groove, an output shaft of the second motor (28) penetrates through the first fixing block (10) and is in transmission connection with one end of the second lead screw (14), the other end of the second lead screw (14) is in rotational connection with the inner wall of the sliding groove, a second lead screw nut is screwed on the second lead screw (14), and the clamping plate (11) is fixed on the second lead screw nut.
6. The medical stethoscope disinfecting device according to claim 1, wherein the disinfecting and drying unit comprises a liquid storage tank (19) and a plurality of spray heads (20) communicated with the liquid storage tank (19), a cross beam (27) is arranged on the top of the two vertical plates (3), the liquid storage tank (19) is arranged on the top of the cross beam (27), the plurality of spray heads (20) are uniformly arranged on the inner wall of one vertical plate (3), and an air dryer (21) is arranged on the bottom of the cross beam (27).
7. The medical stethoscope disinfecting device according to claim 1, wherein two annular frames (22) are disposed between the disinfecting case (1) and the holding mechanism, a plurality of ultraviolet disinfection lamps (23) are disposed between the two annular frames (22), and the annular frames (22) are connected to the disinfecting case (1) through connecting rods.
8. The medical stethoscope disinfecting device according to claim 7, wherein a rotary table (24) is arranged at the bottom of the disinfecting box (1), two vertical plates (3) are arranged on the rotary table (24), a rotating motor (25) and a plurality of supporting legs (26) arranged around the rotating motor (25) are arranged at the center of the bottom of the disinfecting box (1), and an output shaft of the rotating motor (25) penetrates through the disinfecting box (1) and is connected with the rotary table (24).
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