CN111809552A - Cleaning vehicle - Google Patents

Cleaning vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111809552A
CN111809552A CN202010428461.4A CN202010428461A CN111809552A CN 111809552 A CN111809552 A CN 111809552A CN 202010428461 A CN202010428461 A CN 202010428461A CN 111809552 A CN111809552 A CN 111809552A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
assembly
frame
rolling
brush
sweeper
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010428461.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
苗增秋
李江红
王建磊
姜在福
杨海波
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong Kangjie Intelligent Equipment Co ltd
Kangjie Technology Group Co ltd
Original Assignee
Shandong Kangjie Intelligent Equipment Co ltd
Kangjie Technology Group Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shandong Kangjie Intelligent Equipment Co ltd, Kangjie Technology Group Co ltd filed Critical Shandong Kangjie Intelligent Equipment Co ltd
Priority to CN202010428461.4A priority Critical patent/CN111809552A/en
Publication of CN111809552A publication Critical patent/CN111809552A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/02Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt
    • E01H1/04Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt taking- up the sweepings, e.g. for collecting, for loading
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/02Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt
    • E01H1/04Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt taking- up the sweepings, e.g. for collecting, for loading
    • E01H1/045Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt taking- up the sweepings, e.g. for collecting, for loading the loading means being a rotating brush with horizontal axis
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/02Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt
    • E01H1/04Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt taking- up the sweepings, e.g. for collecting, for loading
    • E01H1/047Collecting apparatus characterised by the hopper or by means for unloading the hopper

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Cleaning Of Streets, Tracks, Or Beaches (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a cleaning vehicle, comprising: the garbage can comprises a frame, at least two vertical brush assemblies, a driving assembly, a garbage can assembly and a rolling brush assembly. The vertical brush components are arranged at the front end of the frame in a liftable mode and are arranged at intervals in the width direction of the frame, the upper end of each vertical brush component is connected with the frame, the lower end of each vertical brush component is in contact with the ground to sweep garbage to the middle position of the frame, the driving assembly comprises a driving assembly, a wheel shaft and wheels, the wheel shaft is arranged on the frame in a penetrating mode, the wheels are arranged at two axial ends of the wheel shaft respectively, the driving assembly is arranged on the frame and is located right above the wheel shaft, the driving assembly can drive the wheel shaft to drive the wheels to rotate, the rolling brush components are arranged on the frame in a liftable mode, and the rolling brush components are arranged on the rear side of the vertical brush components and convey garbage to. The cleaning sweeper provided by the invention has the advantages of more compact overall structure and high use flexibility, can be suitable for different occasions, and has strong practicability.

Description

Cleaning vehicle
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of sanitation equipment, in particular to a cleaning sweeper.
Background
Along with the development of society and the advancement of urbanization, urban population is increasing day by day, and the amount of garbage generated every day is increasing day by day. The electric sweeper is popular in cleaning service of urban streets due to the advantages of energy conservation, environmental protection, convenient charging and the like. However, the electric sweeper has a relatively low ground clearance, a large vehicle body size and poor flexibility, and therefore, the conventional small electric sweeper can only work on places with relatively flat and spacious ground such as squares, parks, workshops and the like, but cannot work on places with relatively narrow and uneven ground such as alleys, sidewalks and the like, so that the exertion of the function of the electric sweeper is limited, and the practical use of the electric sweeper is inconvenient for users.
Disclosure of Invention
The present invention is directed to solving at least one of the problems of the prior art. Therefore, the invention provides the cleaning vehicle which has the advantages of high use flexibility and convenience in operation.
The cleaning vehicle according to the embodiment of the invention comprises: a frame; the two vertical brush assemblies are arranged at the front end of the frame in a lifting mode and are arranged at intervals in the width direction of the frame, the upper end of each vertical brush assembly is connected with the frame, and the lower end of each vertical brush assembly is in contact with the ground so as to sweep garbage to the middle of the frame; the driving assembly comprises a driving component, a wheel shaft and wheels, the wheel shaft penetrates through the frame, the wheels are respectively arranged at two axial ends of the wheel shaft, the driving component is arranged on the frame and positioned right above the wheel shaft, and the driving component can drive the wheel shaft to drive the wheels to rotate; the garbage can component is arranged on the frame; the round brush subassembly, establish with the round brush subassembly liftable on the frame and be located the rear side of founding the brush subassembly, the round brush subassembly includes round brush and shell, the shell is detained and is established on the round brush, the round brush drive rubbish is followed the internal perisporium motion of shell is in order to carry rubbish extremely the dustbin subassembly.
According to the cleaning vehicle provided by the embodiment of the invention, the driving assembly arranged up and down is arranged, so that the length of the cleaning vehicle can be reduced, the overall structure of the cleaning vehicle is more compact, the use flexibility is higher, and the cleaning vehicle can be used in a narrower space. The liftable rolling brush component can greatly improve the obstacle crossing capability of the cleaning sweeper, so that the cleaning sweeper is suitable for different occasions, and the applicability of the cleaning sweeper is greatly improved.
According to some embodiments of the invention, the drive assembly comprises: the driving motor is arranged on the frame and is positioned right above the wheel shaft; a drive shaft disposed above the axle; the two first chain wheels are respectively arranged at the two axial ends of the driving shaft and driven by the driving shaft to rotate; the belt wheel is arranged on the driving shaft in a penetrating mode and is connected with the driving motor through a transmission belt so that the driving shaft is driven to rotate by the driving motor; the two second chain wheels are respectively arranged at two axial ends of the wheel shaft and synchronously rotate with the wheel shaft, and each second chain wheel vertically corresponds to the corresponding first chain wheel; and each transmission chain is meshed and matched with the corresponding first chain wheel and the corresponding second chain wheel up and down respectively.
According to some embodiments of the present invention, the sweeping vehicle further comprises: the lifting mechanism is arranged on the frame and connected with the rolling brush component to drive the rolling brush component to move up and down, and the lifting mechanism comprises: the electric push rod is arranged on the frame; and the two ends of the connecting rod assembly are respectively connected with the electric push rod and the rolling brush assembly, and the electric push rod pushes the connecting rod assembly to drive the rolling brush assembly to move up and down.
In some embodiments of the invention, the connecting rod assembly comprises: the middle cross rod penetrates through the frame; one end of the pull rod is connected with the electric push rod, and the other end of the pull rod is fixedly connected with one end of the middle cross rod, which is close to the second electric push rod; one end of the first connecting rod is hinged with the rolling brush assembly, and the other end of the first connecting rod extends towards the direction close to the middle cross rod; and one end of the second connecting rod is connected with the middle connecting rod, and the other end of the second connecting rod is hinged with the second end of the first connecting rod.
According to some embodiments of the invention, the vehicle frame comprises a body and a rolling sweeper housing, the rolling sweeper housing is arranged below the body and connected with the body, the rolling brush assembly is arranged at the front end of the rolling sweeper housing, the garbage can assembly is arranged at the rear end of the rolling sweeper housing and communicated with the rolling sweeper housing, and the rolling brush assembly guides garbage into the garbage can assembly through the rolling sweeper housing.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the rolling brush assembly further includes a movable connecting rod, a sliding groove is disposed on a position, close to the first axial end of the rolling brush, of the outer peripheral wall of the rolling sweeper housing, one end of the movable connecting rod is hinged to the outer peripheral wall of the rolling sweeper housing, and the other end of the movable connecting rod is connected to the first axial end of the rolling brush to drive the rolling brush to move up and down along the sliding groove.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the sweeping vehicle further comprises: and the baffle plate assembly is arranged at the front end of the shell and is rotationally connected with the shell.
In some embodiments of the invention, the baffle plate assembly comprises: the rolling sweeper comprises a front baffle and a front baffle leather, wherein the front baffle is rotationally connected with the rolling sweeper shell, and the front baffle leather is a flexible material piece and is arranged below the front baffle.
In some embodiments of the invention, the waste bin assembly comprises: the rolling sweeper comprises a box body, a roller sweeper shell and a roller sweeper body, wherein the box body comprises a bottom plate, a back plate and two side plates which are arranged oppositely, and the front end of the box body is opened and communicated with the roller sweeper shell; the rollers are arranged below the bottom plate; the handle, the handle is established on the backplate, wherein, two being close to of curb plate roll one side of sweeping the casing and be equipped with first spigot surface, along the direction from back forward, first spigot surface extends in the slant, roll sweep be equipped with on the casing with the second spigot surface that first spigot surface extending direction is the same, be equipped with fixed arch on the backplate, roll sweep be equipped with the couple on the casing, the gyro wheel drives the box removes extremely first spigot surface with during the position of second spigot surface laminating, the couple hook is established fixed arch is last.
According to some embodiments of the present invention, the sweeping vehicle further comprises: strain dirt mechanism, strain dirt mechanism includes: the dust removal device comprises a shell, a dust removal component and a dust removal component, wherein the shell is provided with an air inlet and an air outlet, is arranged above the garbage can component and is communicated with the garbage can component, and the dust removal component is arranged in the shell; a fan provided on the housing to guide dust into the housing; a filter member provided at the air inlet to filter dust; the dirt motor shakes, the dirt motor shake with it links to each other to filter the piece, the dirt motor that shakes can drive filter the piece rotation, filter the piece with drive the dirt piece collision in order to with filter the dust on the piece and shake off to in the dustbin subassembly.
Additional aspects and advantages of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows and, in part, will be obvious from the description, or may be learned by practice of the invention.
Drawings
The above and/or additional aspects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent and readily appreciated from the following description of the embodiments, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of which:
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a sweeper truck according to one embodiment of the present invention in a first view;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a sweeper truck according to one embodiment of the present invention in a second view;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a sweeper truck according to one embodiment of the present invention in a third view;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a sweeper truck according to one embodiment of the present invention in a fourth perspective view;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a sweeper truck according to one embodiment of the present invention in a fifth perspective view;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of a waste bin assembly according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural view of a dust filter mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the fit of the sweeper housing and dustbin assembly according to one embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a partial structural view of a sweeping vehicle according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Reference numerals:
the cleaning vehicle 100 is used for cleaning the road,
frame 1, body 11, rolling sweeper shell 12, baffle plate assembly 121, front baffle 1211, front baffle 1212, side baffle 1213, sliding groove 1214,
the vertical brush component 2, the vertical brush 21, the first rocker 22, the second rocker 23, the first electric push rod 24,
the driving assembly 3, the driving component 31, the driving motor 311, the driving shaft 312, the first chain wheel 313, the gear box 314, the transmission chain 316, the wheel shaft 32, the wheel 33,
the dustbin assembly 4, the case 41, the bottom plate 411, the back plate 412, the side plate 413, the roller 42, the handle 43, the first guide surface 4a, the fixing protrusion 44,
the rolling brush component 5, the rolling brush 51, the shell 52, the movable connecting rod 53,
a lifting mechanism 6, a second electric push rod 61, a middle cross bar 62, a pull rod 63, a first connecting rod 64, a second connecting rod 65,
a dust filtering mechanism 8, a shell 81, a fan 82, a filtering piece 83, a dust vibrating motor 84,
dust suppression mechanism 9, water tank 91, nozzle 92, raceway 93, water pump 94, filter 95.
Detailed Description
Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like or similar reference numerals refer to the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar function throughout. The embodiments described below with reference to the accompanying drawings are illustrative only for the purpose of explaining the present invention, and are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.
A sweeper truck 100 according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to fig. 1 to 9, the sweeper truck 100 being capable of sweeping debris on a floor surface.
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, a sweeping vehicle 100 according to an embodiment of the present invention includes: the garbage can comprises a frame 1, two vertical brush assemblies 2, a driving assembly 3, a garbage can assembly 4 and a rolling brush assembly 5.
Wherein, establish the front end at frame 1 and set up at the width direction of frame 1 interval with two at least upright brush subassemblies 2 liftable, every upper end that founds brush subassembly 2 all can articulate with frame 1, and the lower extreme of every founding brush subassembly 2 contacts with ground in order to sweep rubbish to the intermediate position of frame 1. In the specific example shown in fig. 1, each brush assembly 2 comprises: the vertical brush 21, a vertical brush support (not shown), a vertical brush motor (not shown), a first rocker arm 22, a second rocker arm 23 and a first electric push rod 24. Wherein, the vertical brush 21 is arranged on the vertical brush bracket, and the vertical brush motor is connected with the vertical brush 21 to drive the vertical brush 21 to rotate. The first electric push rod 24 is fixed on the frame 1, one end of the first rocker 22 is hinged with the first electric push rod 24, the other end of the first rocker 22 is fixedly connected with the second rocker 23, and the second rocker 23 is hinged with the frame 1. When the cleaning vehicle 100 is in operation, the first electric push rod 24 is extended, so that the vertical brush bracket can be driven to move downwards through the first rocker arm 22 and the second rocker arm 23, and the two vertical brushes 21 can be moved to the working position, so that the garbage on the ground can be cleaned towards the middle position of the vehicle frame 1. When the cleaning vehicle 100 stops working or changes places, the first electric push rod 24 contracts, so that the vertical brush bracket can drive the vertical brush 21 to move upwards to enable the vertical brush 21 to be spaced from the ground at a proper distance.
As shown in fig. 1-3, the driving assembly 3 may include a driving component 31, a wheel axle 32 and wheels 33, the wheel axle 32 may be disposed on the frame 1, the wheels 33 may be disposed at two axial ends of the wheel axle 32, the driving component 31 is disposed on the frame 1 and located right above the wheel axle 32, and the driving component 31 may drive the wheel axle 32 to rotate the wheels 33. Therefore, through the arrangement, the driving assembly 3 adopts a vertical arrangement mode, the length of the cleaning sweeper 100 can be reduced, and the overall structure of the cleaning sweeper 100 is more compact and more flexible in use.
As shown in fig. 1-5, the garbage can assembly 4 can be disposed on the frame 1, the rolling brush assembly 5 can be disposed on the frame 1 in a liftable manner and located at the rear side of the vertical brush assembly 2, the rolling brush assembly 5 can include a rolling brush 51 and a housing 52, the housing 52 is buckled on the rolling brush 51, and the rolling brush 51 can drive the garbage to move along the inner peripheral wall of the housing 52 to convey the garbage into the garbage can assembly 4. Specifically, when the sweeper 100 is in operation, the sweeper 100 travels forward, the vertical brush assembly 2 can sweep the garbage on the ground to the middle position of the frame 1, as shown in fig. 8, the roller brush assembly 5 descends, the roller brush 51 rotates clockwise, and the inner peripheral wall of the housing 52 can guide the garbage to move into the garbage can assembly 4 under the driving of the roller brush 51. When the cleaning vehicle 100 stops working or is transferred, the rolling brush assembly 5 can be completely lifted, and through the arrangement, the obstacle crossing capability of the cleaning vehicle 100 can be greatly improved, and the applicability of the cleaning vehicle 100 is greatly improved.
Alternatively, the housing 52 may be formed in a circular arc shape, whereby the guide effect of the housing 52 to the garbage can be improved, the running resistance of the garbage can be reduced, and thus the cleaning efficiency of the drum brush assembly 5 can be improved.
According to the cleaning vehicle 100 of the embodiment of the invention, the driving assembly 3 arranged up and down is arranged, so that the length of the cleaning vehicle 100 can be reduced, the whole structure of the cleaning vehicle 100 is more compact, the use flexibility is higher, and the cleaning vehicle can be used in a narrower space. The liftable rolling brush assembly 5 can greatly improve the obstacle crossing capability of the cleaning vehicle 100, so that the cleaning vehicle 100 is suitable for different occasions, and the applicability of the cleaning vehicle 100 is greatly improved.
As shown in fig. 1-3, according to some embodiments of the present invention, the drive assembly 31 may include: a drive motor 311, a drive shaft 312, two first sprockets 313, a gearbox 314, two second sprockets (not shown), and two drive chains 316. The driving motor 311 may be disposed on the frame 1 and located right above the axle 32, the driving shaft 312 is disposed above the axle 32, the two first chain wheels 313 are disposed at two axial ends of the driving shaft 312 respectively and are driven by the driving shaft 312 to rotate, the driving motor 311 drives the driving shaft 312 to rotate through the gearbox 314, the two second chain wheels are disposed at two axial ends of the axle 32 respectively and rotate synchronously with the axle 32, each second chain wheel corresponds to the corresponding first chain wheel 313 up and down, and each transmission chain 316 is engaged with the corresponding first chain wheel 313 and the corresponding second chain wheel up and down.
Specifically, when the driving assembly 3 is in operation, the driving motor 311 drives the driving shaft 312 to rotate through the gear box 314, and the driving shaft 312 can drive the two first chain wheels 313 to rotate synchronously therewith. Since each first sprocket 313 is connected to the corresponding second sprocket via the transmission chain 316, the wheel axle 32 and thus the wheels 33 can be driven to rotate by the second sprockets. Therefore, through the arrangement, the driving assembly 31 is ingenious in structural design, smooth in operation and more compact in overall structure of the cleaning sweeper 100.
As shown in fig. 3 to 4, the sweeper truck 100 may further include: the lifting mechanism 6 can be arranged on the frame 1, the lifting mechanism 6 can be connected with the rolling brush component 5 to drive the rolling brush component 5 to move up and down, so that the rolling brush component 5 can be automatically lifted, and the operation is more convenient. The manner of raising and lowering the brush roll assembly 5 is not limited to this, and for example, the raising and lowering of the brush roll assembly 5 may be manually adjusted.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the lifting mechanism 6 may include a second electric push rod 61 and a connecting rod assembly, the second electric push rod 61 may be disposed on the frame 1, two ends of the connecting rod assembly may be respectively connected to the second electric push rod 61 and the rolling brush assembly 5, and the second electric push rod 61 may push the connecting rod assembly to drive the rolling brush assembly 5 to move up and down, so that the structural design of the lifting mechanism 6 may be simpler and the operation may be smoother through the above arrangement.
As shown in FIG. 3, in some embodiments of the present invention, a connecting rod assembly may include: middle horizontal pole 62, pull rod 63, first connecting rod 64 and second connecting rod 65, wherein, middle horizontal pole 62 can wear to establish on frame 1, pull rod 63's one end can link to each other with second electric putter 61, pull rod 63's the other end can link to each other with the one end stationary phase that is close to second electric putter 61 of middle horizontal pole 62, first connecting rod 64's one end can be articulated with round brush subassembly 5, first connecting rod 64's the other end can extend towards the direction that is close to middle horizontal pole 62, second connecting rod 65's one end can be articulated with middle connecting rod, second connecting rod 65's the other end can be articulated with first connecting rod 64's second end.
Specifically, when the round brush assembly 5 needs to be lifted, the second electric push rod 61 extends out and pushes the pull rod 63, the pull rod 63 rotates counterclockwise simultaneously with the middle cross rod 62 under the action of pushing force, so that the second connecting rod 65 can be driven to rotate counterclockwise, the second connecting rod 65 can drive the first connecting rod 64 to move upward when rotating, and the round brush assembly 5 can be pulled to be lifted. On the contrary, when the round brush component 5 needs to descend, the second electric push rod 61 contracts and pulls the pull rod 63, the pull rod 63 rotates clockwise with the middle cross rod 62 under the action of the pulling force, so that the second connecting rod 65 can be driven to rotate clockwise, the second connecting rod 65 can move the first connecting rod 64 downwards when rotating, and the round brush component 5 can be driven to descend. Therefore, through the arrangement, the structural design of the connecting rod assembly is more ingenious, and the operation smoothness of the lifting mechanism 6 can be improved.
It should be noted that the structural design form of the connecting rod assembly is not limited to this, as long as the connecting rod assembly can drive the rolling brush assembly 5 to ascend and descend, and the arrangement can be selected according to the actual use requirement, which is not specifically limited by the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, according to some embodiments of the present invention, the vehicle frame 1 includes a body 11 and a rolling sweeper housing 12, the rolling sweeper housing 12 may be disposed below the body 11 and connected to the body 11, the rolling brush assembly 5 may be disposed at a front end of the rolling sweeper housing 12, the dustbin assembly 4 may be disposed at a rear end of the rolling sweeper housing 12 and communicated with the rolling sweeper housing 12, and the rolling brush assembly 5 may guide the garbage into the dustbin assembly 4 through the rolling sweeper housing 12, which may form a relatively sealed space, may prevent dust generated when the rolling brush assembly 5 sweeps the garbage from flying around, and may ensure that the garbage may smoothly enter the dustbin assembly 4.
As shown in fig. 9, the rolling brush assembly 5 may further include a movable link 53, a sliding groove 1214 may be disposed at a position of the outer circumferential wall of the rolling sweeper housing 12 close to the first axial end of the rolling brush 51, one end of the movable link 52 may be hinged to the outer circumferential wall of the rolling sweeper housing 12, and the other end of the movable link 52 may be connected to the first axial end of the rolling brush 51 to drive the rolling brush 51 to move up and down along the sliding groove 1214, so that when the ground height rises, the ground may provide an upward driving force for the rolling brush 51, the movable link 53 may pull the rolling brush 51 upwards, and when the ground height falls, the rolling brush 51 may fall under its own weight, and through the above arrangement, the rolling brush 51 may always maintain contact with the ground, thereby ensuring the cleaning effect.
As shown in fig. 4, in some embodiments of the present invention, the cleaning vehicle 100 further includes a baffle assembly 121, the baffle assembly 121 may be disposed at the front end of the housing 52, the baffle assembly 121 may rotate relative to the housing 52 to allow the garbage to enter the rolling sweeping machine casing 12, and the baffle assembly 121 may prevent the garbage in the rolling sweeping machine casing 12 from overflowing, so as to improve the cleaning effect of the cleaning vehicle 100.
Alternatively, the baffle assembly 121 may include: a front baffle 1211 and a front baffle 1212, the front baffle 1211 can be rotatably connected to the rolling sweeper housing 12, the front baffle 1212 is a flexible material and is disposed under the front baffle 1211, when the cleaning sweeper 100 is in operation, garbage can enter the rolling sweeper housing 12 through the gap between the front baffle 1212 and the ground. When there is much or large garbage on the ground, the front stop 1211 can be controlled to rotate relative to the rolling broom housing 12, thereby ensuring that the garbage can be smoothly introduced into the rolling broom housing 12. Thus, the overall structure of the front barrier 1211 can be made simpler by the above arrangement, and the cleaning efficiency of the cleaning vehicle 100 can be further improved. Optionally, the front skin 1212 may be a piece of silicone material or rubber material.
It should be noted that the structural design of the baffle plate assembly 121 is not limited to this. For example, the baffle plate assembly 121 can also slide up and down relative to the rolling sweeper housing 12 to adjust the gap between the baffle plate assembly 121 and the ground. When there is much or large garbage on the ground, the front stop 1211 can be controlled to slide upward to ensure that the garbage can smoothly enter into the rolling sweeper housing 12, thereby improving the sweeping efficiency of the sweeping vehicle 100.
As shown in fig. 4, in one embodiment of the present invention, the baffle assembly 121 further includes side baffles 1213, the side baffles 1213 are connected to the rolling sweeper housing 12, and the side baffles 1213 may also be made of a flexible material, so as to further improve the sealing performance of the rolling sweeper housing 12, prevent the garbage from overflowing, and improve the sweeping efficiency of the sweeper 100.
As shown in FIG. 6, in some embodiments of the present invention, the garbage can assembly 4 may include a housing 41, a plurality of rollers 42 and a handle 43, the housing 41 may include a bottom plate 411, a back plate 412 and two opposite side plates 413, the front end of the housing 41 is open and is in communication with the sweeper housing 12, the plurality of rollers 42 may be disposed below the bottom plate 411, and the handle 43 is disposed on the back plate 412. Wherein, one side of the two side plates 413 close to the rolling sweeping casing 12 may be provided with a first guiding surface 4a, the first guiding surface 4a extends obliquely upward along the direction from back to front, a second guiding surface (not shown) having the same extending direction as the first guiding surface 4a may be provided on the rolling sweeping casing 12, the back plate 412 may be provided with a fixing protrusion 44, the rolling sweeping casing 12 may be provided with a hook, and when the roller 42 may drive the box 41 to move to the position where the first guiding surface 4a is attached to the second guiding surface, the hook is hooked on the fixing protrusion 44.
That is to say, when the dustbin assembly 4 is assembled, the handle 43 can be held by hand and the handle 43 is pushed forward, the roller 42 can drive the case 41 to move forward, when the first guide surface 4a and the second guide surface are completely overlapped, the dustbin assembly 4 is installed in place at this moment, the hook can be hooked on the fixing protrusion 44, and therefore the rear end of the dustbin assembly 4 can be fixed on the frame 1. When the container 41 is full of trash, the hook can be removed from the fixing projection 44, and then the trash container assembly 4 can be removed from the roll-scan housing 12. Therefore, by the arrangement, the matching mode between the garbage can component 4 and the rolling sweeping machine shell 12 is more ingenious, and the dismounting and mounting process of the garbage can component 4 is simpler and more labor-saving.
As shown in fig. 7, the sweeper truck 100, according to some embodiments of the present invention, further includes: dust filtering mechanism 8, dust filtering mechanism 8 includes: a housing 81, a fan 82, a filter element 83 and a dust vibrating motor 84. Wherein, be equipped with air intlet and air outlet on the casing 81, casing 81 can establish the top of dustbin subassembly 4 and communicate with dustbin subassembly 4, can be equipped with in the casing 81 and drive dirt spare (not shown), fan 82 can establish on casing 81 in order to guide the dust to enter into casing 81, it establishes in air intlet department in order to filter the dust to filter piece 83, it can link to each other with casing 81 to shake dirt motor 84, it can link to each other with filtering piece 83 to shake dirt motor 84, it can drive to filter piece 83 and rotate to shake dirt motor 84, it can collide with driving dirt spare in order to shake off to dustbin subassembly 4 with the dust on the piece 83 in to filter piece 83.
Specifically, dust may be generated when the roller brush assembly 5 transfers the garbage toward the garbage can assembly 4, the fan 82 may rotate to suck the dust into the housing 81 through the air inlet, the filter 83 may filter the gas, and the filtered clean gas may be discharged through the air outlet. Then, the dust vibrating motor 84 can drive the filter member 83 to rotate, and the filter member 83 can collide with the dust removing member when rotating, so that the dust on the filter member 83 can be shaken off into the dustbin assembly 4. Therefore, through the arrangement, the dust filtering mechanism 8 is convenient to operate, and can filter dust in gas to play a role in purifying air.
As shown in fig. 5, the sweeper 100 may further include a dust suppression mechanism 9 according to some embodiments of the present invention, wherein the dust suppression mechanism 9 includes a water tank 91, a nozzle 92, a water pipe 93 and a water pump 94. The water tank 91 may be provided on the frame 1, the nozzle 92 may be provided above the vertical brush assembly 2 to spray water to the vertical brush assembly 2, both ends of the water pipe 93 are respectively connected with the water tank 91 and the nozzle 92 to deliver the water in the water tank 91 to the nozzle 92, and the water pump 94 is connected in series on the water pipe 93 to guide the water in the water tank 91 into the water pipe 93. Specifically, when the dust suppression mechanism 9 is operated, the water pump 94 can deliver the water in the water tank 91 to the nozzle 92 through the water pipe, and the nozzle 92 can spray the water toward the vertical brush assembly 2, so that the dust can be suppressed, and the air can be purified.
Optionally, the dust suppression mechanism 9 may further include a filter 95, and the filter 95 may be disposed at an inlet end of the water pipe 93 to filter water, so that impurities in the water may be prevented from blocking the water pipe 93 or the nozzle 92, and smooth operation of the dust suppression mechanism 9 may be ensured.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "central," "longitudinal," "lateral," "length," "width," "thickness," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," "clockwise," "counterclockwise," "axial," "radial," "circumferential," and the like are used in the orientations and positional relationships indicated in the drawings for convenience in describing the invention and to simplify the description, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and are therefore not to be considered limiting of the invention. Furthermore, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
In the description herein, references to the description of the term "one embodiment," "some embodiments," "an illustrative embodiment," "an example," "a specific example," or "some examples" or the like mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above do not necessarily refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples.
While embodiments of the invention have been shown and described, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: various changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made to the embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined by the claims and their equivalents.

Claims (10)

1. A cleaning and sweeping vehicle is characterized by comprising:
a frame;
the vertical brush assemblies are arranged at the front end of the frame in a lifting mode and are arranged at intervals in the width direction of the frame, the upper end of each vertical brush assembly is connected with the frame, and the lower end of each vertical brush assembly is in contact with the ground so as to sweep garbage to the middle of the frame;
the driving assembly comprises a driving component, a wheel shaft and wheels, the wheel shaft penetrates through the frame, the wheels are respectively arranged at two axial ends of the wheel shaft, the driving component is arranged on the frame and positioned right above the wheel shaft, and the driving component can drive the wheel shaft to drive the wheels to rotate;
the garbage can assembly is arranged on the frame;
the round brush subassembly, establish with the round brush subassembly liftable on the frame and be located the rear side of founding the brush subassembly, the round brush subassembly includes round brush and shell, the shell is detained and is established on the round brush, the round brush drive rubbish is followed the internal perisporium motion of shell is in order to carry rubbish extremely the dustbin subassembly.
2. A cleaning vehicle as defined in claim 1, wherein said drive assembly includes:
the driving motor is arranged on the frame and is positioned right above the wheel shaft;
a drive shaft disposed above the axle;
the two first chain wheels are respectively arranged at the two axial ends of the driving shaft and driven by the driving shaft to rotate;
the driving motor is connected with the driving shaft through the gearbox so as to drive the driving shaft to rotate;
the two second chain wheels are respectively arranged at two axial ends of the wheel shaft and synchronously rotate with the wheel shaft, and each second chain wheel vertically corresponds to the corresponding first chain wheel;
and each transmission chain is meshed and matched with the corresponding first chain wheel and the corresponding second chain wheel up and down respectively.
3. The sweeping vehicle of claim 1, further comprising: the lifting mechanism is arranged on the frame and connected with the rolling brush component to drive the rolling brush component to move up and down. The lifting mechanism comprises:
the second electric push rod is arranged on the frame;
and two ends of the connecting rod assembly are respectively connected with the second electric push rod and the rolling brush assembly, and the second electric push rod pushes the connecting rod assembly to drive the rolling brush assembly to move up and down.
4. A sweeper truck according to claim 3, characterized in that said linkage assembly comprises:
the middle cross rod penetrates through the frame;
one end of the pull rod is connected with the second electric push rod, and the other end of the pull rod is fixedly connected with one end, close to the second electric push rod, of the middle cross rod;
one end of the first connecting rod is hinged with the rolling brush assembly, and the other end of the first connecting rod extends towards the direction close to the middle cross rod;
and one end of the second connecting rod is fixedly connected with the middle connecting rod, and the other end of the second connecting rod is hinged with the second end of the first connecting rod.
5. A cleaning cart according to claim 1, wherein said cart frame comprises a body and a rolling sweeper body, said rolling sweeper body is disposed under said body and connected to said body, said rolling brush assembly is disposed at a front end of said rolling sweeper body, said garbage can assembly is disposed at a rear end of said rolling sweeper body and connected to said rolling sweeper body, and said rolling brush assembly guides garbage through said rolling sweeper body into said garbage can assembly.
6. A cleaning vehicle according to claim 5 wherein said rolling brush assembly further comprises a movable link, a sliding slot is provided in the peripheral wall of said rolling sweeper housing adjacent to the first axial end of said rolling brush, one end of said movable link is hinged to the peripheral wall of said rolling sweeper housing, and the other end of said movable link is connected to the first axial end of said rolling brush to drive said rolling brush to move up and down along said sliding slot.
7. The cleaning vehicle as set forth in claim 6, further comprising: the baffle plate assembly is arranged at the front end of the shell and is connected with the shell in a rotating mode.
8. A cleaning vehicle as defined in claim 7, wherein said apron assembly includes: the rolling sweeper comprises a front baffle and a front baffle leather, wherein the front baffle is rotationally connected with the rolling sweeper shell, and the front baffle leather is a flexible material piece and is arranged below the front baffle.
9. The sweeping vehicle of claim 6, wherein the dustbin assembly comprises:
the rolling sweeper comprises a box body, a roller sweeper shell and a roller sweeper body, wherein the box body comprises a bottom plate, a back plate and two side plates which are arranged oppositely, and the front end of the box body is opened and communicated with the roller sweeper shell;
the rollers are arranged below the bottom plate;
a handle disposed on the back plate,
wherein, two being close to of curb plate roll one side of sweeping the casing and be equipped with first spigot surface, follow the direction from back to front, first spigot surface extends in the slant, roll sweep be equipped with on the casing with the second spigot surface that first spigot surface extending direction is the same, be equipped with fixed arch on the backplate, roll sweep and be equipped with the couple on the casing, the gyro wheel drives the box removes extremely first spigot surface with during the position of second spigot surface laminating, the couple hook is established fixed arch is last.
10. A sweeper truck according to any one of claims 1 to 9, characterized by further comprising: strain dirt mechanism, strain dirt mechanism includes:
the dust removal device comprises a shell, a dust removal component and a dust removal component, wherein the shell is provided with an air inlet and an air outlet, is arranged above the garbage can component and is communicated with the garbage can component, and the dust removal component is arranged in the shell;
a fan provided on the housing to guide dust into the housing;
a filter member provided at the air inlet to filter dust;
the dirt motor shakes, the dirt motor shake with it links to each other to filter the piece, the dirt motor that shakes can drive filter the piece rotation, filter the piece with drive the dirt piece collision in order to with filter the dust on the piece and shake off to in the dustbin subassembly.
CN202010428461.4A 2020-05-20 2020-05-20 Cleaning vehicle Pending CN111809552A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010428461.4A CN111809552A (en) 2020-05-20 2020-05-20 Cleaning vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010428461.4A CN111809552A (en) 2020-05-20 2020-05-20 Cleaning vehicle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111809552A true CN111809552A (en) 2020-10-23

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010428461.4A Pending CN111809552A (en) 2020-05-20 2020-05-20 Cleaning vehicle

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111809552A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114855678A (en) * 2022-06-17 2022-08-05 珠海亿华电动车辆有限公司 Sweeper with integrated lifting rolling brush
CN115949018A (en) * 2022-12-22 2023-04-11 江苏洁路宝环保科技有限公司 Garbage conveying system for sweeper

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114855678A (en) * 2022-06-17 2022-08-05 珠海亿华电动车辆有限公司 Sweeper with integrated lifting rolling brush
CN115949018A (en) * 2022-12-22 2023-04-11 江苏洁路宝环保科技有限公司 Garbage conveying system for sweeper
CN115949018B (en) * 2022-12-22 2023-11-28 江苏洁路宝环保科技有限公司 Garbage conveying system for sweeper

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