CN111803980A - Solid beverage drying equipment - Google Patents

Solid beverage drying equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111803980A
CN111803980A CN202010710875.6A CN202010710875A CN111803980A CN 111803980 A CN111803980 A CN 111803980A CN 202010710875 A CN202010710875 A CN 202010710875A CN 111803980 A CN111803980 A CN 111803980A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
box
fixedly connected
solid beverage
drying apparatus
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010710875.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王琴
苏永全
常晓明
张岳
董路纲
李印朝
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Dangshan Haisheng Pectin Co ltd
Original Assignee
Dangshan Haisheng Pectin Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Dangshan Haisheng Pectin Co ltd filed Critical Dangshan Haisheng Pectin Co ltd
Priority to CN202010710875.6A priority Critical patent/CN111803980A/en
Publication of CN111803980A publication Critical patent/CN111803980A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D1/00Evaporating
    • B01D1/16Evaporating by spraying
    • B01D1/18Evaporating by spraying to obtain dry solids
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D1/00Evaporating
    • B01D1/14Evaporating with heated gases or vapours or liquids in contact with the liquid
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D1/00Evaporating
    • B01D1/30Accessories for evaporators ; Constructional details thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours

Abstract

The invention discloses solid beverage drying equipment which comprises a main box, wherein the lower end of the main box is fixedly connected with a material gathering box, the lower end of the material gathering box is provided with an air supply device, the lower end of the air supply device is fixedly connected with a discharge hopper, the lower end of the discharge hopper is provided with a discharge hole, the left end of the air supply device is provided with an air filtering device, the left part of the upper end of the main box is fixedly connected with a circulating air pump, the upper end of the circulating air pump is fixedly connected with an air guide pipe, one end of the air guide pipe, far away from the circulating air pump, is fixedly connected with the air filtering device, the left end of the air filtering device is provided with an air inlet, the middle part of the upper end of the main box is fixedly provided with a centrifugal sprayer, the upper end of the centrifugal sprayer is provided with a. The solid beverage drying equipment provided by the invention is used for filtering and purifying air before the air is stripped, is high in drying efficiency and saves energy.

Description

Solid beverage drying equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of solid beverages, in particular to solid beverage drying equipment.
Background
The solid beverage is a solid product which is prepared by taking sugar, milk and dairy products, eggs or egg products, fruit juice or edible plant extracts and the like as main raw materials and adding a proper amount of auxiliary materials or food additives, wherein the water content of each 100 g of the finished product is not higher than 5 g, and the finished product is in a powdery shape, a granular shape or a block shape; centrifugal spray drying is most useful for the production of powdered, granular solid products from solution, emulsion, suspension and paste-like liquid raw materials.
Therefore, centrifugal spray drying is commonly used for powdery solid beverages; the existing drying equipment for the powdery solid beverage has the following defects in design: 1. the air used to dry the solid beverage is not pure enough, which may result in a reduction in the quality of the product; 2. the hot air is mostly led into the drying box from the top of the drying box, the feed liquid flows downwards in parallel with the hot air after passing through the centrifugal sprayer, and the contact area is relatively small, so that the drying efficiency is not high; 3. steam can cause a large amount of heat to run off along with the air current discharge stoving case, environmental protection inadequately.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention mainly aims to provide solid beverage drying equipment which can effectively solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the technical scheme that:
a solid beverage drying device comprises a main box, the lower end of the main box is fixedly connected with a material gathering box, the lower end of the material gathering box is provided with an air supply device, the lower end of the air supply device is fixedly connected with a blanking hopper, the lower end of the blanking hopper is provided with a discharge hole, the left end of the air supply device is provided with an air filter device, the left part of the upper end of the main box is fixedly connected with a circulating air pump, the upper end of the circulating air pump is fixedly connected with an air duct, one end of the air duct far away from the circulating air pump is fixedly connected with an air filtering device, the left end of the air filtering device is provided with an air inlet, the air inlet is communicated with the air filtering device through an air duct, the middle part of the upper end of the main box is fixedly provided with a centrifugal sprayer, the centrifugal sprayer is characterized in that a feed inlet is formed in the upper end of the centrifugal sprayer, a filter cover is fixedly connected to the left portion of the upper box wall in the main box, and six air valve devices are arranged at the upper end of the air supply device.
Preferably, the air supply device comprises a fixing ring, the left end of the fixing ring is alternately connected with a spiral air inlet pipe, six air outlet holes are formed in the upper end of the spiral air inlet pipe, the upper end of the fixing ring is fixedly connected with the lower end of a material gathering box, and the lower end of the fixing ring is fixedly connected with a discharging hopper.
Preferably, the fixed ring is communicated with the inner parts of the material gathering box and the discharging hopper, the right part of the spiral air inlet pipe is positioned in the fixed ring, and the spiral center of the right part of the spiral air inlet pipe is positioned under the centrifugal sprayer.
Preferably, the air valve device comprises an air valve pipe, a ball valve is arranged at the upper end of the air valve pipe, a fixing plate is fixedly mounted at the lower end of the air valve pipe, a spring is fixedly connected to the middle of the upper end of the fixing plate, one end, far away from the fixing plate, of the spring is fixedly connected with the lower end of the ball valve, and the lower end of the air valve pipe is fixedly connected with the upper end of the spiral air inlet pipe.
Preferably, the upper part of the air valve pipe is provided with a groove matched with the ball valve, and the six air valve pipes are respectively communicated with the inside of the spiral air inlet pipe through six air outlet holes.
Preferably, air filter includes the filtration case, filtration case upper end swing joint has the case lid, left part movable mounting has the filter cartridge in the filtration case, fixedly connected with heater strip between the filtration case front box wall right part and the back box wall right part, the filtration case right-hand member passes through trachea spiral intake pipe left part fixed connection.
Preferably, the filter box is located at the left of the heating wire, and the filter box is of a porous box-packed structure.
Preferably, the circulating air pump is communicated with the upper box wall of the main box, and the filter cover is positioned right below the circulating air pump.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. according to the invention, the filter box and the heating wire are arranged in the air filter box, and the filter box can filter peculiar smell, water vapor or other impurities in the air before the air enters the drying box, so that the quality of the air is improved, the solid beverage is prevented from being polluted by impure air, and the quality of the product is improved;
2. according to the invention, the air supply device is arranged below the centrifugal sprayer, hot air flows upwards after being sprayed out of the air supply device, the feed liquid is sprayed downwards after being atomized by the centrifugal sprayer, the hot air is more fully contacted with the atomized feed liquid, and the drying efficiency is improved.
3. In the invention, after the hot air flow rises to the top of the drying box, the hot air flow is conveyed into the air guide pipe through the circulating air pump and then passes through the air filtering device, so that the heat recovery is carried out, the heat loss of the equipment is effectively reduced, and the energy is saved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of a solid beverage drying apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a solid beverage drying apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of an air supply device of a solid beverage drying apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a ball valve device of the solid beverage drying apparatus according to the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of an air filtering device of a solid beverage drying apparatus according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a main box; 2. gathering a material box; 3. an air supply device; 4. feeding a hopper; 5. a feed inlet; 6. a discharge port; 7. an air filtration device; 8. a circulating air pump; 9. an air inlet; 10. an air duct; 11. a centrifugal sprayer; 12. a filter housing; 13. an air valve device; 31. a fixing ring; 32. a spiral air inlet pipe; 33. an air outlet; 71. a filter box; 72. a box cover; 73. a filter cartridge; 74. heating wires; 131. a valve tube; 132. a ball valve; 133. a fixing plate; 134. a spring.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific embodiments.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "upper", "lower", "inner", "outer", "front", "rear", "both ends", "one end", "the other end", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the referred device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first" and "second" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "disposed," "connected," and the like are to be construed broadly, such as "connected," which may be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
As shown in fig. 1-5, a solid beverage drying device comprises a main box 1, a material collecting box 2 is fixedly connected to the lower end of the main box 1, an air supply device 3 is arranged at the lower end of the material collecting box 2, a lower hopper 4 is fixedly connected to the lower end of the air supply device 3, a discharge port 6 is arranged at the lower end of the lower hopper 4, an air filter 7 is arranged at the left end of the air supply device 3, a circulating air pump 8 is fixedly connected to the left portion of the upper end of the main box 1, an air guide tube 10 is fixedly connected to the upper end of the circulating air pump 8, one end of the air guide tube 10 far away from the circulating air pump 8 is fixedly connected to the air filter 7, an air inlet 9 is arranged at the left end of the air filter 7, the air inlet 9 is communicated with the air filter 7 through the air guide tube 10, a centrifugal sprayer 11 is fixedly installed at the middle portion of the upper end, six air valve devices 13 are arranged at the upper end of the air supply device 3.
The air supply device 3 comprises a fixed ring 31, the left end of the fixed ring 31 is connected with a spiral air inlet pipe 32 in a penetrating way, the upper end of the spiral air inlet pipe 32 is provided with six air outlet holes 33, the upper end of the fixed ring 31 is fixedly connected with the lower end of the material gathering box 2, and the lower end of the fixed ring 31 is fixedly connected with the blanking hopper 4; the fixing ring 31 is communicated with the interior of the material gathering box 2 and the interior of the discharging hopper 4, the right part of the spiral air inlet pipe 32 is positioned in the fixing ring 31, and the spiral center of the right part of the spiral air inlet pipe 32 is positioned under the centrifugal sprayer 11, so that the sprayed hot air can move relative to the material liquid, and the drying efficiency is improved; the air valve device 13 comprises an air valve pipe 131, a ball valve 132 is arranged at the upper end of the air valve pipe 131, a fixing plate 133 is fixedly arranged at the lower end of the air valve pipe 131, a spring 134 is fixedly connected to the middle of the upper end of the fixing plate 133, one end of the spring 134, which is far away from the fixing plate 133, is fixedly connected with the lower end of the ball valve 132, and the lower ends of the six air valve pipes 131 are fixedly connected with the upper end of the spiral air; the upper part of the air valve pipe 131 is provided with a groove matched with the ball valve 132, the ball valve 132 is arranged in the groove to increase the stability, and the six air valve pipes 131 are respectively communicated with the inside of the spiral air inlet pipe 32 through six air outlet holes 33; the air filtering device 7 comprises an air filtering box 71, the upper end of the air filtering box 71 is movably connected with a box cover 72, a filtering box 73 is movably installed at the left part in the air filtering box 71, the openable box cover 72 is arranged to facilitate replacement of the filtering box 73, a heating wire 74 is fixedly connected between the right part of the front box wall and the right part of the rear box wall of the air filtering box 71, and the right end of the air filtering box 71 is fixedly connected with the left part of the air pipe spiral air inlet pipe 32; the filter box 73 is positioned at the left of the heating wire 74, the filter box 73 is a porous box-packed structure, and filter substances capable of absorbing moisture, odor or other impurities are placed in the box; the circulating air pump 8 is communicated with the upper box wall of the main box 1, the filter cover 12 is positioned right below the circulating air pump 8, and the filter cover 12 can prevent feed liquid or powder in the main box 1 from entering the circulating air pump 8.
The invention is a solid beverage drying device, especially used for drying powdered solid beverages such as milk powder, protein powder, etc., when in use, the liquid material is conveyed through the feed inlet 5, atomized by the centrifugal atomizer 11 and sprayed out, meanwhile, air is introduced through the air inlet 9, most of water vapor and other impurities can be filtered out by the air passing through the filter box 73 in the air filter box 71, the air is heated by the heating wire 74, the heated air enters the spiral air inlet pipe 32, and then enters the air valve pipe 131 through the air outlet 33, the air pressure in the air valve pipe 131 is large, the air pushes the ball valve 132 to move upwards by overcoming the tension of the spring 134 and the self gravity, and the hot air is sprayed out from the gap between the ball valve 132 and the groove at the upper part of the air valve pipe 131; the feed liquid is sprinkled downwards, the connection part of the feed liquid and the feed liquid can increase the drying effect, and the dried powdery solid beverage is discharged from a discharge hole 6 below the discharge hopper 4; when wind is insufficient, the air pressure is insufficient to overcome the tension of the spring 134, and the ball valve 132 is returned to the groove at the upper part of the air valve pipe 131 due to gravity, so that powder is prevented from blocking the air valve pipe 131; in order to maintain the pressure inside the main box 1 stable, part of the hot air inside the main box 1 is pumped by the circulating air pump 8 into the air duct 10, the filter hood 12 can prevent the feed liquid or powder inside the main box 1 from entering the circulating air pump 8, and the pumped hot air is dried again through the air filter 7, so that the heat recovery is performed, the heat loss of the equipment is effectively reduced, and the energy is saved.
The foregoing shows and describes the general principles and broad features of the present invention and advantages thereof. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (8)

1. A solid beverage drying apparatus, includes main tank (1), its characterized in that: the lower end of the main box (1) is fixedly connected with a material gathering box (2), the lower end of the material gathering box (2) is provided with an air supply device (3), the lower end of the air supply device (3) is fixedly connected with a blanking hopper (4), the lower end of the blanking hopper (4) is provided with a discharge hole (6), the left end of the air supply device (3) is provided with an air filtering device (7), the left part of the upper end of the main box (1) is fixedly connected with a circulating air pump (8), the upper end of the circulating air pump (8) is fixedly connected with an air duct (10), one end of the air duct (10), which is far away from the circulating air pump (8), is fixedly connected with the air filtering device (7), the left end of the air filtering device (7) is provided with an air inlet (9), the air inlet (9) is communicated with the air filtering device (7) through the air duct (10), and the, the centrifugal sprayer is characterized in that a feeding hole (5) is formed in the upper end of the centrifugal sprayer (11), a filtering cover (12) is fixedly connected to the left portion of the inner upper box wall of the main box (1), and six air valve devices (13) are arranged at the upper end of the air supply device (3).
2. A solid beverage drying apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: air supply arrangement (3) are including solid fixed ring (31), gu fixed ring (31) left end alternates and is connected with spiral intake pipe (32), open spiral intake pipe (32) upper end has six ventholes (33), gu fixed ring (31) upper end is in the same place with gathering workbin (2) lower extreme fixed connection, gu fixed ring (31) lower extreme is in the same place with lower hopper (4) fixed connection.
3. A solid beverage drying apparatus according to claim 2, wherein: fixed ring (31) with gather workbin (2) and lower hopper (4) all inside and communicate with each other, spiral intake pipe (32) right side position is in fixed ring (31), and the spiral center of spiral intake pipe (32) right part is located under centrifugal atomizer (11).
4. A solid beverage drying apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the air valve device (13) comprises an air valve pipe (131), a ball valve (132) is arranged at the upper end of the air valve pipe (131), a fixing plate (133) is fixedly mounted at the lower end of the air valve pipe (131), a spring (134) is fixedly connected to the middle of the upper end of the fixing plate (133), one end, away from the fixing plate (133), of the spring (134) is fixedly connected with the lower end of the ball valve (132), and the lower end of the air valve pipe (131) is fixedly connected with the upper end of a spiral air inlet pipe (32).
5. A solid beverage drying apparatus according to claim 4, wherein: the upper part of the air valve pipe (131) is provided with a groove matched with the ball valve (132), and six air valve pipes (131) are communicated with the inside of the spiral air inlet pipe (32) through six air outlet holes (33) respectively.
6. A solid beverage drying apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: air filter equipment (7) include air filter box (71), air filter box (71) upper end swing joint has case lid (72), left part movable mounting has filter box (73) in air filter box (71), fixedly connected with heater strip (74) between case wall right part and the back case wall right part before air filter box (71), air filter box (71) right-hand member passes through trachea spiral intake pipe (32) left part fixed connection.
7. A solid beverage drying apparatus according to claim 6, wherein: the filter box (73) is positioned at the left of the heating wire (74), and the filter box (73) is of a porous box-packed structure.
8. A solid beverage drying apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the circulating air pump (8) is communicated with the upper box wall of the main box (1), and the filter cover (12) is positioned under the circulating air pump (8).
CN202010710875.6A 2020-07-22 2020-07-22 Solid beverage drying equipment Pending CN111803980A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010710875.6A CN111803980A (en) 2020-07-22 2020-07-22 Solid beverage drying equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010710875.6A CN111803980A (en) 2020-07-22 2020-07-22 Solid beverage drying equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111803980A true CN111803980A (en) 2020-10-23

Family

ID=72861897

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010710875.6A Pending CN111803980A (en) 2020-07-22 2020-07-22 Solid beverage drying equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111803980A (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104027991A (en) * 2014-06-20 2014-09-10 张可然 Convection type spray dryer
CN205627126U (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-10-12 清远泰盛生物科技有限公司 Centrifugal spray drier is used in processing of blood cell albumen powder
CN206549193U (en) * 2017-01-14 2017-10-13 合肥中科启奥生物科技有限公司 A kind of spray dryer produced for solid beverage
CN208591555U (en) * 2018-07-18 2019-03-12 内蒙古华琳食品有限责任公司 A kind of device for solid beverage spray drying
CN209490492U (en) * 2019-01-17 2019-10-15 山东元泰生物工程有限公司 A kind of nisin production atomization drying system

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104027991A (en) * 2014-06-20 2014-09-10 张可然 Convection type spray dryer
CN205627126U (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-10-12 清远泰盛生物科技有限公司 Centrifugal spray drier is used in processing of blood cell albumen powder
CN206549193U (en) * 2017-01-14 2017-10-13 合肥中科启奥生物科技有限公司 A kind of spray dryer produced for solid beverage
CN208591555U (en) * 2018-07-18 2019-03-12 内蒙古华琳食品有限责任公司 A kind of device for solid beverage spray drying
CN209490492U (en) * 2019-01-17 2019-10-15 山东元泰生物工程有限公司 A kind of nisin production atomization drying system

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