CN111794028A - Intersection four-direction passing overpass and passing method - Google Patents

Intersection four-direction passing overpass and passing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111794028A
CN111794028A CN202010652954.6A CN202010652954A CN111794028A CN 111794028 A CN111794028 A CN 111794028A CN 202010652954 A CN202010652954 A CN 202010652954A CN 111794028 A CN111794028 A CN 111794028A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
transition
inlet
intersection
outlet
passing
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Pending
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CN202010652954.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙海鹰
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孙海鹰
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Priority to CN201921625736 priority
Application filed by 孙海鹰 filed Critical 孙海鹰
Publication of CN111794028A publication Critical patent/CN111794028A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C1/00Design or layout of roads, e.g. for noise abatement, for gas absorption
    • E01C1/04Road crossings on different levels; Interconnections between roads on different levels

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of traffic road planning, in particular to a crossroad four-direction passing overpass and a passing method, which do not need the indication of signal lamps, can shorten the time of vehicles passing the crossroad and have flexible passing modes. The four-direction passing overpass comprises four passing openings which are sequentially arranged along the circumferential direction, wherein every two of the four passing openings are oppositely arranged, each passing opening is provided with a driving inlet and a driving outlet, the driving inlet of one of the two oppositely arranged passing openings is connected with the driving outlet of the other passing opening through a transition road section, the transition road section is a one-way road section, the transition road section comprises a converging inlet and a merging outlet, and the converging inlet of each transition road section is communicated with the merging outlet of the adjacent transition road section. A method for passing in four directions at an intersection uses the overpass.

Description

Intersection four-direction passing overpass and passing method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of traffic road planning, in particular to a four-direction passing overpass at an intersection and a passing method.
Background
In road traffic planning, the most common intersection with four directions is a plane intersection, all roads are located on the same plane and pass through the indication of a traffic signal lamp, the construction cost is low, but for an area with large traffic flow, vehicles stopped by waiting for the indication of the traffic signal lamp are greatly overstocked at the intersection, and the traffic efficiency is seriously influenced.
The running efficiency of road vehicles can be increased by the overpass, but the turning distance of the traditional overpass is too long, so that the road running distance is increased, and the construction cost is also increased.
The chinese utility model patent with patent number 201921031763.7 discloses a people's car disconnect-type double-deck overpass, the lane of marking off different directions through the mode that sets up a plurality of lanes, though solved the problem that vehicle transportation efficiency is low, many lanes are too independent, the traffic condition that can adapt to is too ideal, in the actual conditions, the traffic flow of all directions is not the same, independently set up the lane that each other does not communicate in this scheme and can not adapt to changeable traffic condition in a flexible way.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects in the prior art, the invention provides the intersection four-direction passing overpass and the passing method, which do not need the indication of signal lamps, can shorten the time of the vehicle passing through the intersection and have flexible passing modes.
The scheme provided by the invention is as follows:
the four-direction passing overpass at the intersection comprises four passing openings which are sequentially arranged along the circumferential direction, wherein every two of the four passing openings are oppositely arranged, each passing opening is provided with a driving inlet and a driving outlet, the driving inlet of one of the two oppositely arranged passing openings is connected with the driving outlet of the other passing opening through a transition road section, the transition road section is a one-way road section, the transition road section comprises a merging inlet and a merging outlet, the merging inlet of each transition road section is communicated with the merging outlet of the adjacent transition road section, the merging inlet is arranged close to the driving inlet, and the outlet is arranged close to the driving outlet. The transition road sections are used for dividing lanes, so that vehicles driving to different directions can pass through relatively independent lanes, and do not pass through public areas in traditional plane intersections, and signal lamps are not needed to direct motor vehicle traffic.
Preferably, the transition section is omega-shaped and comprises a transition inlet, a bending part and a transition outlet, the transition inlet is connected with the driving-in inlet, the transition outlet is connected with the driving-out outlet, the outer side of the bending part is provided with a converging inlet, and the inner side of the transition part is provided with a merging outlet. One side of the transition road section is used for driving vehicles into the transition road section from other transition road sections, and the other side of the transition road section is used for driving vehicles out of other transition road sections, so that the plurality of transition road sections can be arranged in an annular array mode, and design and planning are facilitated.
Preferably, different transition sections are arranged in a crossed manner on a vertical height, a transition inlet of any one transition section passes below a bent part of another adjacent transition section, a merging outlet of the transition section positioned above is communicated with a merging inlet of the transition section positioned below, and the cross-arranged transition section is connected with different passing openings. The height of the two ends of the transition section is lower, so that the extended road can be conveniently connected.
Preferably, a tangent is provided at the transition section communicating with the merging outlet through the merging inlet, and the merging inlet and the merging outlet communicate at the tangent. The communicated part of the two transition sections adopts a tangent mode, so that the vehicles can conveniently merge in and exit, the turning angle of a driver is small, and the safety is higher.
Preferably, the transition section is at least a dual lane. When the vehicle runs on the transition road section, the direction of the vehicle running to another transition road section through the exit is different from the direction of the vehicle running out of the transition road section directly, the traffic efficiency can be improved more effectively when the number of lanes is not less than two lanes, and the generation of the vehicle pressing condition is reduced.
Preferably, the vehicle further comprises a right-turn lane, wherein one end of the right-turn lane is communicated with the driving inlet, and the other end of the right-turn lane is communicated with the driving outlet which is adjacent to the driving inlet along the anticlockwise direction through a transition road section. The independently arranged right-turn lane can improve the passing efficiency of right-turn vehicles.
Preferably, the system further comprises a non-motorized lane, wherein the non-motorized lane passes under the transition section. Because the motor vehicle and the non-motor vehicle are separately arranged, the driving safety of the non-motor vehicle is improved, and even a traffic signal lamp is not needed to be arranged or only a signal prompt is arranged.
The intersection four-direction passing method uses the intersection four-direction passing overpass, and comprises the following passing modes:
and (3) straight going: the vehicle enters the intersection through the driving entrance and directly drives to the opposite driving exit through the transition road section;
turning left, entering the intersection through the entrance, performing transition section conversion once after entering the transition section, and leaving the intersection from the exit in the left-turning direction;
turning around, entering the crossing through the entrance, performing twice transition of the transition section after entering the transition section, and leaving the crossing from the exit of the same passing gate.
Preferably, the transition sections are communicated with the merging port through the merging port, and when the transition sections are changed, the transition sections leave from the merging port of one transition section and enter the merging port of the other transition section.
Preferably, the following passing modes are also included:
and turning right, directly entering a right-turn lane at the entrance, entering a transition road section through the right-turn lane, and leaving the intersection from the exit in the right-turn direction.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
the multiple through openings in different directions are communicated through the multiple relatively independent transition road sections instead of a mode of mutual communication through a public area, so that vehicles driving to different directions can relatively independently drive without indication of signal lamps, and the multiple transition road sections can be communicated with each other, so that the flyover is high in use flexibility, and the flyover structure can be adopted no matter how many lanes are.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments or technical solutions in the prior art of the present invention, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained based on these drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a transition segment configuration;
FIG. 3 is a schematic illustration of a straight-ahead path of a vehicle;
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of a right turn route of the vehicle;
FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of a left turn route of the vehicle;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a vehicle turn-around route;
in the figure: 1-traffic gate, 2-transition road section, 3-right turn lane, 4-non-motor lane, 5-straight line, 6-right turn line, 7-left turn line, 8-turn line, 11-entrance, 12-exit, 21-convergence, 22-union, 23-transition, 24-bend, 25-transition, 26-connection.
Detailed Description
In order to make those skilled in the art better understand the technical solution of the present invention, the technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiment of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiment is only a part of the embodiment of the present invention, and not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2, the present embodiment provides a four-way intersection passing overpass, including four passing openings 1 sequentially arranged along a circumferential direction, where the four passing openings 1 are arranged in pairs, each passing opening 1 is provided with an entrance 11 and an exit 12, the entrance 11 of one of the two passing openings 1 arranged in pairs is connected to the exit 12 of the other passing opening 1 through a transition section 2, the transition section 2 is a one-way section, the transition section 2 includes an entrance 21 and an exit 22, the entrance 21 of each transition section 2 is communicated with the exit 22 of the adjacent transition section 2, the entrance 21 is arranged near the entrance 11, and the exit 22 is arranged near the exit 12.
The transition section 2 is in an omega shape and comprises a transition entrance 23, a bending part 24 and a transition exit 25, the transition entrance 23 is connected with the entrance 11, the transition exit 25 is connected with the exit 12, the outer side of the bending part 24 is provided with a junction entrance 21, and the inner side of the transition part 24 is provided with a junction exit 22. The different transition sections 2 are arranged crosswise in the vertical height, the transition inlet 23 of any transition section 2 passes under the bend 24 of the adjacent other transition section 2, the merging outlet 22 of the upper transition section 2 is communicated with the merging inlet 21 of the lower transition section 2, and the crosswise arranged transition sections 2 are connected with different through openings 1. The transition section 2, which communicates with the merging outlet 22 via the merging opening 21, is provided with a tangency at which the merging opening 21 communicates with the merging outlet 22. The merging port 21 and the merging outlet 22 are connected to each other as a communication port 26. The transition section 2 is a dual lane.
The invention also comprises a right-turn lane 3, one end of the right-turn lane 3 is communicated with the driving inlet 11, and the other end is communicated with the driving outlet 12 which is adjacent to the driving inlet 11 along the counterclockwise direction through the transition section 2.
The invention also includes a non-motorized vehicle lane 4, the non-motorized vehicle 4 passing under the transition section 2.
The intersection four-direction passing method uses the intersection four-direction passing overpass, and comprises the following passing modes:
and (3) straight going: the vehicle enters the intersection through the driving entrance and directly drives to the opposite driving exit through the transition road section;
turning left, entering the intersection through the entrance, performing transition section conversion once after entering the transition section, and leaving the intersection from the exit in the left-turning direction;
turning around, entering the crossing through the entrance, performing twice transition of the transition section after entering the transition section, and leaving the crossing from the exit of the same passing gate.
And turning right, directly entering a right-turn lane at the entrance, entering a transition road section through the right-turn lane, and leaving the intersection from the exit in the right-turn direction.
The transition sections are communicated with the merging outlet through the merging inlet, and when the transition sections are changed, the transition sections leave from the merging outlet of one transition section and enter the merging inlet of the other transition section.
The working mode of the invention is as follows:
as shown in fig. 3, when the vehicle travels straight, the vehicle enters the intersection from the entrance 11 and travels along the transition section 2 connected to the entrance 11, during which the transition section 2 is not changed until the vehicle leaves the intersection from the exit 12 connected to the transition section 2, and the straight-going process through the intersection is completed, and the straight-going route 5 is shown in the figure.
As shown in fig. 4, when the vehicle turns right, the vehicle enters the intersection from the entrance 11, directly enters the right-turn lane 3 connected with the entrance, runs along the right-turn lane 3 and merges into the transition section 2 connected with the right-turn lane, and then drives from the transition section 2 to the exit 12, so as to complete the process of turning right through the intersection, and a right-turn route 6 is shown in the figure.
As shown in fig. 5, when the vehicle turns left, the vehicle enters the intersection from the entrance 11 and travels along the transition section 2 connected with the entrance 11, during which the vehicle passes through the exit 22 of the transition section 2 to enter another transition section 2, and then travels via the transition section 2 to the exit 12 connected with the exit, and the process of turning left through the intersection is completed, and the left-turn route 7 is shown in the figure.
As shown in fig. 6, when the vehicle turns around, the process is substantially similar to that of turning left, and the transition of the transition section 2 needs to be continuously completed twice, so as to complete the process of turning around to pass through the intersection, and a turning route 8 is shown in the figure.
Although the present invention has been described in detail by referring to the drawings in connection with the preferred embodiments, the present invention is not limited thereto. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.

Claims (10)

1. Intersection four-direction traffic overpass, its characterized in that: the four passage openings are arranged in pairs in opposite mode along the circumferential direction, each passage opening is provided with a driving inlet and a driving outlet, the driving inlet of one of the two opposite passage openings is connected with the driving outlet of the other passage opening through a transition road section, the transition road section is a one-way road section, the transition road section comprises a converging inlet and a merging outlet, the converging inlet of each transition road section is communicated with the merging outlet of the adjacent transition road section, the converging inlet is arranged close to the driving inlet, and the outlet is arranged close to the driving outlet.
2. The intersection four-way traffic overpass of claim 1, characterized in that: the transition section is in an omega shape and comprises a transition inlet, a bent part and a transition outlet, the transition inlet is connected with the driving inlet, the transition outlet is connected with the driving outlet, the outer side of the bent part is provided with a converging inlet, and the inner side of the transition part is provided with a merging outlet.
3. The intersection four-direction passing overpass according to claim 2, characterized in that: different transition sections are arranged in a crossed mode on the vertical height, a transition inlet of any one transition section passes through the lower portion of the bent portion of the other adjacent transition section, a merging outlet of the transition section located on the upper portion is communicated with a merging inlet of the transition section located on the lower portion, and the transition sections arranged in a crossed mode are connected with different passing openings.
4. The intersection four-way traffic overpass according to any one of claims 2 or 3, characterized in that: and a tangent position is arranged on a transition section communicated with the merging outlet through the merging inlet, and the merging inlet is communicated with the merging outlet at the tangent position.
5. The intersection four-direction passing overpass according to claim 1, 2 or 3, characterized in that: the transition section is at least a double lane.
6. The intersection four-way traffic overpass of claim 1, characterized in that: the automobile driving device further comprises a right-turn lane, wherein one end of the right-turn lane is communicated with the driving inlet, and the other end of the right-turn lane is communicated with the driving outlet which is adjacent to the driving inlet along the anticlockwise direction through a transition road section.
7. The intersection four-way traffic overpass of claim 1, characterized in that: also included is a non-motorized lane that passes under the transition segment.
8. The method for passing the overpass passing in the four directions of the intersection according to any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein: the method comprises the following traffic modes:
and (3) straight going: the vehicle enters the intersection through the driving entrance and directly drives to the opposite driving exit through the transition road section;
turning left, entering the intersection through the entrance, performing transition section conversion once after entering the transition section, and leaving the intersection from the exit in the left-turning direction;
turning around, entering the crossing through the entrance, performing twice transition of the transition section after entering the transition section, and leaving the crossing from the exit of the same passing gate.
9. The intersection four-way traffic method according to claim 8, characterized in that: the transition sections are communicated with the merging outlet through the merging inlet, and when the transition sections are changed, the transition sections leave from the merging outlet of one transition section and enter the merging inlet of the other transition section.
10. The intersection four-direction passing method according to claim 8 or 9, characterized in that: the method also comprises the following passing modes:
and turning right, directly entering a right-turn lane at the entrance, entering a transition road section through the right-turn lane, and leaving the intersection from the exit in the right-turn direction.
CN202010652954.6A 2019-09-27 2020-07-08 Intersection four-direction passing overpass and passing method Pending CN111794028A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2019216257362 2019-09-27
CN201921625736 2019-09-27

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CN202021330160.XU Active CN213804671U (en) 2019-09-27 2020-07-08 Four-direction passing overpass at intersection

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112626949A (en) * 2020-12-21 2021-04-09 孙海鹰 Platform for overpass and overpass

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1776094A (en) * 2005-11-30 2006-05-24 顾逸民 Semi-submersible full-interpass man-vehicle separate flyover
CN101864710A (en) * 2010-02-08 2010-10-20 邹世才 Annular flyover for straight movement and large-radius turning at crossroad
CN101906744A (en) * 2010-07-29 2010-12-08 赵殿龙 Outward turning type interchange flyover with multiple road junctions
CN101949121A (en) * 2009-10-29 2011-01-19 廖大中 Annular overpass with four connected ring inner edge slope bridges
CN102061650A (en) * 2010-12-16 2011-05-18 洪朝彬 Weaving type annular-island overpass
ES2387087T3 (en) * 2004-07-02 2012-09-13 Stanislovas Buteliauskas Road junction

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2387087T3 (en) * 2004-07-02 2012-09-13 Stanislovas Buteliauskas Road junction
CN1776094A (en) * 2005-11-30 2006-05-24 顾逸民 Semi-submersible full-interpass man-vehicle separate flyover
CN101949121A (en) * 2009-10-29 2011-01-19 廖大中 Annular overpass with four connected ring inner edge slope bridges
CN101864710A (en) * 2010-02-08 2010-10-20 邹世才 Annular flyover for straight movement and large-radius turning at crossroad
CN101906744A (en) * 2010-07-29 2010-12-08 赵殿龙 Outward turning type interchange flyover with multiple road junctions
CN102061650A (en) * 2010-12-16 2011-05-18 洪朝彬 Weaving type annular-island overpass

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112626949A (en) * 2020-12-21 2021-04-09 孙海鹰 Platform for overpass and overpass

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