CN111790735A - Garbage disposal device - Google Patents

Garbage disposal device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111790735A
CN111790735A CN202010829617.XA CN202010829617A CN111790735A CN 111790735 A CN111790735 A CN 111790735A CN 202010829617 A CN202010829617 A CN 202010829617A CN 111790735 A CN111790735 A CN 111790735A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
box
compaction
scraping
filter
plate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN202010829617.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王子腾
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN202010829617.XA priority Critical patent/CN111790735A/en
Publication of CN111790735A publication Critical patent/CN111790735A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • B02C18/0092Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage for waste water or for garbage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/14Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with more than one separator
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • B07B1/34Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens jigging or moving to-and-fro perpendicularly or approximately perpendiculary to the plane of the screen
    • B07B1/343Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens jigging or moving to-and-fro perpendicularly or approximately perpendiculary to the plane of the screen with mechanical drive elements other than electromagnets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B11/00Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses
    • B30B11/02Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses using a ram exerting pressure on the material in a moulding space
    • B30B11/04Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses using a ram exerting pressure on the material in a moulding space co-operating with a fixed mould

Abstract

The invention discloses a garbage disposal device, which belongs to the technical field of garbage disposal equipment and comprises a filter box, a compaction box, a filter device, a filtering and screening device, a crushing device and a compaction device, wherein the compaction box is horizontally arranged, the filter box is arranged at the top of the compaction box, the filter device is arranged in the filter box, the filtering and screening device is arranged on the filter box, the filtering and screening device comprises a moving member, a garbage overturning member, an ironwork sucking member and a sucking and scraping member, the moving member is arranged on the filter box and is rotationally connected with the filter box, the ironwork sucking member is arranged at the moving end of the moving member, the garbage overturning member is arranged on the side wall of the ironwork sucking member, the sucking and scraping member is positioned on the outer side wall of the filter box, the crushing device is arranged at one end of the filter box and is rotationally connected with the filter box, the compaction device is arranged in the compaction box. The invention can realize the classification treatment of the garbage.

Description

Garbage disposal device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of garbage disposal equipment, in particular to a garbage disposal device.
Background
Along with the progress of production and life, garbage is continuously generated. At present, garbage disposal modes are various, the traditional garbage disposal modes comprise incineration, direct landfill, compost and the like, the traditional household garbage disposal modes have certain convenience, and after the garbage is disposed, the garbage can be recycled in the next step.
For example, patent publication No. CN111112297A relates to a garbage disposal apparatus, a garbage crushing mechanism is disposed at the upper part of a box-type housing, a flash evaporation mechanism and a conveying mechanism are disposed above and below the interior of the box-type housing, respectively, and the flash evaporation mechanism includes a stirring mechanism, a water tank, a flash evaporation tank, an electrostatic generator and a communicating pipeline; the stirring mechanism comprises a guide rail fixedly arranged, a stirring unit in sliding fit with the guide rail and a driving motor B fixedly arranged on one side of the guide rail and used for driving the stirring unit, and the driving motor B drives the stirring unit to move linearly in a reciprocating manner; the water tank is used for supplying water to the stirring unit; the communicating pipeline is communicated with a feed opening of the garbage crushing mechanism and the flash evaporation box; the upper end of the flash evaporation box is provided with an opening, the upper opening end of the flash evaporation box is provided with a cover plate which is matched with the flash evaporation box and is provided with an air outlet, and an electric heating plate, a discharge ball and a conductive ball are arranged in the flash evaporation box; the device can efficiently treat garbage, can reduce the environmental pollution degree caused in the garbage treatment process, can effectively reduce the occupied area in the treatment process, and can also facilitate subsequent treatment.
However, the above-mentioned devices also have the following problems in use: firstly, after carrying out shredding to rubbish, can not carry out compaction to the rubbish of recycling, lead to the occupation space of rubbish big, and the second can not screen the metal waste product and the metal rubbish in the rubbish, prevents to have the metal material to influence follow-up processing to rubbish in the follow-up rubbish.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a garbage treatment device to solve the technical problems that in the prior art, the garbage which is recycled cannot be compacted, metal waste products and metal garbage in the garbage cannot be screened, and the subsequent garbage treatment is prevented from being influenced by metal substances in the subsequent garbage.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a garbage disposal device comprises a filter box, a compaction box, a filtering device, a filtering and screening device, a crushing device and a compaction device, wherein the compaction box is horizontally arranged, the filter box is arranged at the top of the compaction box and is communicated with the compaction box, the filtering device is arranged in the filter box and is rotationally connected with the filter box, the filtering and screening device is arranged on the filter box, the filtering and screening device comprises a moving member, a garbage overturning member, an ironwork absorbing member and a suction scraping member, the moving member is arranged on the filter box and is rotationally connected with the filter box, the ironwork absorbing member is arranged at the moving end of the moving member, the garbage overturning member is arranged on the side wall of the ironwork absorbing member and is fixedly connected with the ironwork absorbing member, the suction scraping member is arranged on the outer side wall of the filter box, the crushing device is arranged at one end of the filter box and is rotationally connected with the filter box, the compaction device is arranged in the compaction box and is in sliding fit with the compaction box.
Furthermore, the filtering device comprises a filtering grid plate, two driving motors, two driving rods and a plurality of connecting springs, the connecting springs are arranged at the bottom of the filtering grid plate at equal intervals, the filtering grid plate is in sliding fit with the filtering box through a plurality of connecting springs, the two driving motors are symmetrically arranged on the outer side wall of the filtering box, two ends of the two driving rods are respectively in rotating connection with the filtering box, one ends of the two driving rods are respectively fixedly connected with main shafts of the two driving motors, each driving rod is provided with two symmetrically arranged bent pipes, and each bent pipe is provided with a connecting plate in rotating connection with the filtering grid plate, the dust collecting device is characterized in that a dust falling plate which is obliquely arranged is arranged at the bottom of the filtering grid plate in the filtering box, two dust collecting fans are arranged on the filtering box, and a connecting door which is hinged with the filtering box is arranged on the side wall of the filtering box.
Further, the moving member is including removing frame, two moving motor and two removal lead screws, two remove the lead screw symmetry and set up on the rose box and rotate with the rose box and be connected, two the moving motor symmetry sets up on the rose box and two moving motor's main shaft respectively with the one end fixed connection of two removal lead screws, the bottom both ends of removing the frame set up respectively on two removal lead screws and with two removal lead screw threaded connection.
Further, ironwork piece of drawing absorbs the pole including driving actuating cylinder, drive plate, mounting panel and a plurality of magnetism, it sets up downwards at the top of carriage release frame and the flexible end that drives actuating cylinder to drive the vertical setting of actuating cylinder, the drive plate level sets up and is serving driving actuating cylinder's flexible, the lateral wall fixed connection of mounting panel and drive plate, it is a plurality of the magnetism absorbs the vertical equidistant bottom of fixing at the mounting panel of pole.
Further, rubbish turns over the piece and includes installing frame, upset motor, upset roller and a plurality of returning face plate, installing frame fixed mounting is on the lateral wall of removal frame, the both ends of upset roller rotate with the removal frame respectively, the upset motor sets up on the lateral wall of installing frame and the main shaft of upset motor and the one end fixed connection of upset roller, and is a plurality of the returning face plate is the round seat setting on the upset roller.
Further, the absorbing and scraping piece comprises a collecting box, a scraping plate, a scraping motor and a scraping gear, one end of the scraping plate is in sliding fit with the side wall of the filter box, the collecting box is arranged on the side wall of the filter box and is located below the scraping plate, the scraping motor is arranged on the scraping plate, the scraping gear is arranged on a main shaft of the scraping motor, tooth grooves meshed with the scraping gear are formed in the side wall of the filter box, sliding chutes in sliding fit with the two ends of the scraping plate are formed in the side wall of the filter box, and a scraping trough in sliding fit with the magnetic absorption rods is formed in the scraping plate.
Further, reducing mechanism includes crushing motor, crushing roller and a plurality of crushing blade, be equipped with in the rose box and hold the chamber, the both ends of crushing roller rotate with the lateral wall that holds the chamber respectively and are connected, crushing motor sets up on the lateral wall of rose box and the main shaft of crushing motor and the one end fixed connection of crushing roller, and a plurality of crushing blade equidistant settings are on crushing roller.
Further, the compaction device includes mount pad, compaction cylinder, sliding seat, sliding frame, compaction board and a plurality of hinge bar, the mount pad level sets up the side at the compaction case, compaction cylinder level sets up at the top of mount pad and the flexible end of compaction cylinder and the lateral wall sliding fit of compaction case, the sliding seat level sets up in the compaction case, the sliding frame level sets up on the sliding seat and sliding frame and sliding seat sliding fit, and is a plurality of the one end of hinge bar is articulated with the sliding seat, and is a plurality of the hinge bar rotates with the sliding frame to be connected, the compaction board rotates with the other end of a plurality of hinge bars to be connected, compaction board and compaction case sliding fit, be equipped with rather than the articulated door of rotating the connection on the compaction case.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
firstly, the garbage compactor drops in the compaction box through the containing cavity after being crushed, the telescopic end of the compaction cylinder moves to drive the sliding frame to move on the sliding seat, the sliding frame moves to drive the hinge rods to contract and stretch so as to drive the compaction plate to move in the compaction box, the compaction plate moves to compact crushed garbage, the waste products are compacted to be beneficial to subsequent recycling, storage and accumulation of the waste products, and the hinge door is opened to move the compacted garbage outwards after the waste products are compacted.
Secondly, the flexible end of the driving cylinder moves to drive the driving plate to move downwards, the driving plate moves downwards to drive the mounting plate to move downwards, the magnetic absorption rods move into the garbage on the filter screen grid plate, the magnetic absorption rods move to absorb metal in the garbage, after the magnetic absorption rods absorb metal waste products, the two moving motors work to drive the two moving screw rods to rotate so as to achieve the movement of the moving frame of the belt, the positions of the magnetic absorption rods move to the side of the scraping plate, the scraping motor works to drive the scraping gear to move up and down on the filter box, the scraping plate moves up and down to drive the scraping grooves to move up and down on the magnetic absorption rods, and the metal waste products on the magnetic absorption rods move into the collecting box.
Thirdly, when the metal is absorbed, the turnover motor works to drive the turnover roller to rotate on the mounting frame, the turnover roller rotates to drive the turnover plates to rotate to turn over the garbage on the filtering grid plate, and the metal garbage is prevented from being hidden in the garbage and not absorbed, so that the subsequent treatment of the garbage is prevented from being influenced.
Fourthly, after the garbage is placed on the filtering grid plate, the two driving motors work to drive the two driving rods to rotate, the two driving rods rotate to drive the two connecting plates to move up and down so as to drive the filtering grid plate to move up and down on the filtering box through the plurality of connecting springs to generate vibration, the filtering grid plate moves up and down to drive the garbage to vibrate, dust and small impurities in the garbage are subjected to vibration screening through the filtering grid plate, the impurities or the dust are vibrated to fall on the dust falling plate, the impurities and the dust are moved to the connecting door through the two dust suction fans, the impurities or the dust are discharged outwards by opening the connecting door, the impurities and the dust can be filtered, and the subsequent treatment of the garbage is facilitated after the filtering.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a first perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of a first filtering and screening apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view of a second filtering and screening apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic perspective view of a filter device according to the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic perspective view of the suction scraper of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic perspective view of the crushing apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a first schematic perspective view of a compaction apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a second schematic perspective view of the compaction apparatus of the present invention;
the reference numbers in the figures are:
the device comprises a filter box 1, a containing cavity 12, a dust suction fan 13, a compaction box 2, a hinged door 21, a filter device 3, a filter screen grid plate 31, a driving motor 32, a driving rod 33, a connecting spring 34, a dust falling plate 35, a connecting plate 36, a filter screening device 4, a moving member 41, a moving frame 411, a moving motor 412, a moving screw 413, a garbage overturning member 42, a mounting frame 421, an overturning motor 422, an overturning roller 423, an overturning plate 424, an ironwork sucking member 43, a driving cylinder 431, a driving plate 432, a mounting plate 433, a magnetic sucking rod 434, a sucking scraping member 45, a collecting box 451, a scraping plate 452, a scraping motor 453, a scraping gear 454, a scraping groove 455, a smashing device 5, a smashing motor 51, a smashing roller 52, a smashing blade 53, a compaction device 6, a mounting seat 61, a compaction cylinder 62, a sliding seat 63, a sliding frame 64, a compaction plate 65 and a rod 66.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "longitudinal", "lateral", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, are merely for convenience of description of the present invention, and do not indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 9, the present invention provides a garbage disposal apparatus, comprising a filter box 1, a compacting box 2, a filter device 3, a filtering and screening device 4, a crushing device 5 and a compacting device 6, wherein the compacting box 2 is horizontally arranged, the filter box 1 is arranged at the top of the compacting box 2, the filter box 1 is communicated with the compacting box 2, the filter device 3 is arranged in the filter box 1, the filter device 3 is rotatably connected with the filter box 1, the filtering and screening device 4 is arranged on the filter box 1, the filtering and screening device 4 comprises a moving member 41, a garbage turning member 42, an iron product suction member 43 and a suction scraping member 45, the moving member 41 is arranged on the filter box 1, the moving member 41 is rotatably connected with the filter box 1, the iron product suction member 43 is arranged at a moving end of the moving member 41, the garbage turning member 42 is arranged on a side wall of the iron product suction member 43 and is fixedly connected with the iron product suction member 43, the absorbing scraping piece 45 is located on the outer side wall of the filter box 1, the smashing device 5 is arranged at one end of the filter box 1 and is in rotating connection with the filter box 1, the compacting device 6 is arranged in the compacting box 2, and the compacting device 6 is in sliding fit with the compacting box 2.
The filtering device 3 comprises a filtering net grid plate 31, two driving motors 32, two driving rods 33 and a plurality of connecting springs 34, wherein the connecting springs 34 are arranged at the bottom of the filtering net grid plate 31 at equal intervals, the filtering net grid plate 31 is in sliding fit with the filtering box 1 through the connecting springs 34, the two driving motors 32 are symmetrically arranged on the outer side wall of the filtering box 1, two ends of the driving rods 33 are respectively in rotating connection with the filtering box 1, one ends of the two driving rods 33 are respectively in fixed connection with main shafts of the two driving motors 32, each driving rod 33 is provided with two symmetrically arranged bent pipes, each bent pipe is provided with a connecting plate 36 which is in rotating connection with the filtering net grid plate 31, the bottom of the filtering net grid plate 31 in the filtering box 1 is provided with a dust falling plate 35 which is obliquely arranged, and the filtering box 1 is provided with two dust suction fans 13, a connecting door hinged with the side wall of the filter box 1 is arranged on the side wall of the filter box; after putting rubbish on filter screen check board 31, two driving motor 32 work drive two actuating levers 33 and rotate, two actuating levers 33 rotate and drive two connecting plates 36 and reciprocate thereby drive filter screen check board 31 and reciprocate on rose box 1 through a plurality of coupling spring 34 and produce vibrations, filter screen check board 31 reciprocates and drives rubbish and shakes, dust and little debris in the rubbish pass through filter screen check board 31 and shake the screening to it, shake debris or dust to falling dust board 35 on, remove to the coupling door department through two dust absorption fans 13 with debris and dust, open the coupling door and outwards discharge debris or dust, can realize filtering debris and dust, be favorable to follow-up processing to rubbish after filtering.
The moving member 41 comprises a moving frame 411, two moving motors 412 and two moving screws 413, the two moving screws 413 are symmetrically arranged on the filter box 1 and are rotationally connected with the filter box 1, the two moving motors 412 are symmetrically arranged on the filter box 1, main shafts of the two moving motors 412 are respectively fixedly connected with one ends of the two moving screws 413, and two ends of the bottom of the moving frame 411 are respectively arranged on the two moving screws 413 and are in threaded connection with the two moving screws 413; the two moving motors 412 work to drive the two moving screws 413 to rotate on the filter box 1, the two moving screws 413 rotate to drive the moving frame 411 to horizontally move on the filter box 1, and the moving frame 411 moves to drive the iron product absorbing piece 43 and the garbage overturning piece 42 to move to filter and treat garbage.
The ironwork sucking part 43 comprises a driving cylinder 431, a driving plate 432, a mounting plate 433 and a plurality of magnetic sucking rods 434, wherein the driving cylinder 431 is vertically arranged at the top of the moving frame 411, the telescopic end of the driving cylinder 431 is downwards arranged, the driving plate 432 is horizontally arranged at the telescopic end of the driving cylinder 431, the mounting plate 433 is fixedly connected with the side wall of the driving plate 432, and the magnetic sucking rods 434 are vertically fixed at the bottom of the mounting plate 433 at equal intervals; the flexible end of drive cylinder 431 moves and drives drive plate 432 to move down, and drive plate 432 moves down and drives mounting panel 433 to move down, absorbs in a plurality of magnetism poles 434 move the rubbish on the filter screen grid 31, and a plurality of magnetism poles 434 move and absorb the metal in the rubbish.
The garbage turning piece 42 comprises a mounting frame 421, a turning motor 422, a turning roller 423 and a plurality of turning plates 424, the mounting frame 421 is fixedly mounted on the side wall of the moving frame 411, two ends of the turning roller 423 are respectively rotated with the moving frame 411, the turning motor 422 is arranged on the side wall of the mounting frame 421, a main shaft of the turning motor 422 is fixedly connected with one end of the turning roller 423, and the plurality of turning plates 424 are arranged on the turning roller 423 in a circular seat manner; when absorbing the metal, upset motor 422 work drives upset roller 423 and rotates on installing frame 421, and upset roller 423 rotates and drives a plurality of returning face plates 424 and rotate the rubbish on filter screen grid 31 and overturn, prevents to have metal waste to hide in rubbish not absorbed out, influences the follow-up processing to rubbish.
The suction scraping element 45 comprises a collection box 451, a scraping plate 452, a scraping motor 453 and a scraping gear 454, wherein one end of the scraping plate 452 is arranged on the side wall of the filter box 1, one end of the scraping plate 452 is in sliding fit with the side wall of the filter box 1, the collection box 451 is arranged on the side wall of the filter box 1 and is positioned below the scraping plate 452, the scraping motor 453 is arranged on the scraping plate 452, the scraping gear 454 is arranged on a main shaft of the scraping motor 453, tooth grooves meshed with the scraping gear 454 are arranged on the side wall of the filter box 1, sliding grooves in sliding fit with two ends of the scraping plate 452 are arranged on the side wall of the filter box 1, and a scraping groove 455 in sliding fit with the magnetic suction rods 434 is arranged on the scraping plate 452; after the metal waste is absorbed by the plurality of magnetic absorption rods 434, the two movable motors 412 drive the two movable screw rods 413 to rotate so as to reach the moving frame 411 of the belt to move, the positions of the plurality of magnetic absorption rods 434 are moved to the side of the scraping plate 452, the scraping motor 453 drives the scraping gear 454 to move up and down on the filter box 1 in a working mode, the scraping plate 452 moves up and down to drive the plurality of scraping troughs 455 to move up and down on the plurality of magnetic absorption rods 434, and the metal waste on the plurality of magnetic absorption rods 434 is moved into the collection box 451.
The crushing device 5 comprises a crushing motor 51, a crushing roller 52 and a plurality of crushing blades 53, an accommodating cavity 12 is formed in the filter box 1, two ends of the crushing roller 52 are respectively and rotatably connected with the side wall of the accommodating cavity 12, the crushing motor 51 is arranged on the outer side wall of the filter box 1, a main shaft of the crushing motor 51 is fixedly connected with one end of the crushing roller 52, and the plurality of crushing blades 53 are arranged on the crushing roller 52 at equal intervals; after absorbing the metal waste, filter screen grid 31 produces vibrations and removes the waste to holding in the chamber 12, and crushing motor 51 work drives crushing roller 52 and rotates, and crushing roller 52 rotates and drives a plurality of crushing blades 53 and rotate, smashes into cubic to the waste that falls into to holding in the chamber 12, is favorable to follow-up processing to the waste after smashing the waste.
The compacting device 6 comprises a mounting seat 61, a compacting cylinder 62, a sliding seat 63, a sliding frame 64, a compacting plate 65 and a plurality of hinged rods 66, wherein the mounting seat 61 is horizontally arranged at the side of the compacting box 2, the compacting cylinder 62 is horizontally arranged at the top of the mounting seat 61, the telescopic end of the compacting cylinder 62 is in sliding fit with the side wall of the compacting box 2, the sliding seat 63 is horizontally arranged in the compacting box 2, the sliding frame 64 is horizontally arranged on the sliding seat 63, the sliding frame 64 is in sliding fit with the sliding seat 63, one end of each of the hinged rods 66 is hinged with the sliding seat 63, the hinged rods 66 are rotatably connected with the sliding frame 64, the compacting plate 65 is rotatably connected with the other end of each of the hinged rods 66, the compacting plate 65 is in sliding fit with the compacting box 2, and the compacting box 2 is provided with a hinged door 21 rotatably connected with the compacting plate 65; drop in compaction case 2 through holding chamber 12 after smashing, the flexible end of compaction cylinder 62 removes and drives sliding frame 64 and remove on sliding seat 63, thereby sliding frame 64 removes and drives a plurality of articulated rods 66 and contract and extend and drive compaction board 65 and remove in compaction case 2, compaction board 65 removes and carries out the compaction operation to kibbling rubbish waste product, carry out compaction with the waste product and be favorable to follow-up recycle and deposit the heap to the waste product, open again after the compaction articulated door 21 outwards remove the compaction rubbish.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: when the invention is used, after garbage is put on the filter screen grid plate 31, the two driving motors 32 work to drive the two driving rods 33 to rotate, the two driving rods 33 rotate to drive the two connecting plates 36 to move up and down so as to drive the filter screen grid plate 31 to move up and down on the filter box 1 through the plurality of connecting springs 34 to generate vibration, the filter screen grid plate 31 moves up and down to drive the garbage to vibrate, dust and small impurities in the garbage are vibrated and screened through the filter screen grid plate 31, the impurities or the dust are vibrated to the dust falling plate 35, the impurities and the dust are moved to the connecting door through the two dust suction fans 13, the impurities or the dust are discharged outwards by opening the connecting door, the impurities and the dust can be filtered, the subsequent treatment of the garbage is facilitated after the filtering, the two moving motors 412 work to drive the two moving screw rods 413 to rotate on the filter box 1, two movable screw rods 413 rotate to drive the movable rack 411 to horizontally move on the filter box 1, the movable rack 411 moves to drive the iron product absorbing part 43 and the garbage overturning part 42 to move to filter and treat the garbage, the telescopic end of the driving cylinder 431 moves to drive the driving plate 432 to move downwards, the driving plate 432 moves downwards to drive the mounting plate 433 to move downwards, the magnetic absorbing rods 434 move into the garbage on the filter screen grid plate 31, the magnetic absorbing rods 434 move to absorb the metal in the garbage, the overturning motor 422 works to drive the overturning roller 423 to rotate on the mounting frame 421 while absorbing the metal, the overturning roller 423 rotates to drive the overturning plates 424 to rotate to overturn the garbage on the filter screen grid plate 31, the metal garbage is prevented from being hidden in the garbage and not absorbed, the subsequent treatment of the garbage is influenced, after the magnetic absorbing rods 434 absorb the metal waste, the two moving motors 412 work to drive the two moving screws 413 to rotate so as to move the moving frame 411 of the belt, the positions of the magnetic absorbing rods 434 are moved to the side of the scraping plate 452, the scraping motor 453 works to drive the scraping gear 454 to move up and down on the filter box 1, the scraping plate 452 moves up and down to drive the scraping troughs 455 to move up and down on the magnetic absorbing rods 434, the metal waste on the magnetic absorbing rods 434 is moved into the collecting box 451, after the metal waste is absorbed, the filter screen grid plate 31 vibrates to move the waste into the accommodating cavity 12, the crushing motor 51 works to drive the crushing roller 52 to rotate, the crushing roller 52 rotates to drive the crushing blades 53 to rotate, the waste falling into the accommodating cavity 12 is crushed into blocks, the crushed waste is beneficial to subsequent treatment of the waste, and after being crushed, the crushed waste falls into the compacting box 2 through the accommodating cavity 12, the flexible end of compaction cylinder 62 removes and drives slide frame 64 and remove on sliding seat 63, thereby slide frame 64 removes and drives a plurality of articulated rods 66 and contract and extend and drive compaction board 65 and remove in compaction case 2, and compaction board 65 removes and carries out the compaction operation to kibbling rubbish waste product, is favorable to follow-up recycle and deposit the waste product after compacting the waste product and piles up, opens hinged door 21 again after the compaction and outwards removes the rubbish of compaction.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, and not to limit the same; while the invention has been described in detail and with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some or all of the technical features may be equivalently replaced; and the modifications or the substitutions do not make the essence of the corresponding technical solutions depart from the scope of the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. A garbage treatment device is characterized by comprising a filter box (1), a compaction box (2), a filter device (3), a filtering and screening device (4), a crushing device (5) and a compaction device (6), wherein the compaction box (2) is horizontally arranged, the filter box (1) is arranged at the top of the compaction box (2), the filter box (1) is communicated with the compaction box (2), the filter device (3) is arranged in the filter box (1), the filter device (3) is rotatably connected with the filter box (1), the filtering and screening device (4) is arranged on the filter box (1), the filtering and screening device (4) comprises a moving member (41), a garbage overturning member (42), an iron product sucking member (43) and a sucking and scraping member (45), the moving member (41) is arranged on the filter box (1), and the moving member (41) is rotatably connected with the filter box (1), ironwork piece (43) of drawing sets up on the removal end of moving member (41), rubbish turns over the setting and just with ironwork piece (43) fixed connection on the lateral wall of ironwork piece (43), absorb and strike off piece (45) and be located the lateral wall of rose box (1), reducing mechanism (5) set up the one end of rose box (1) and with rose box (1) rotation connection, compaction device (6) set up in compaction case (2) and compaction device (6) and compaction case (2) sliding fit.
2. A waste disposal device as defined in claim 1, wherein: filter equipment (3) is including filtering gridding board (31), two driving motor (32), two actuating lever (33) and a plurality of coupling spring (34), and is a plurality of coupling spring (34) equidistant setting is in the bottom of filtering gridding board (31), filter gridding board (31) through a plurality of coupling spring (34) and rose box (1) sliding fit, two driving motor (32) symmetry sets up on the lateral wall of rose box (1), two the both ends of actuating lever (33) rotate respectively with rose box (1) and are connected, two the one end of actuating lever (33) respectively with the main shaft fixed connection of two driving motor (32), every all be equipped with the return bend that two symmetries set up on actuating lever (33), every return bend department all is equipped with and filters gridding board (31) rotation connection's connecting plate (36), the bottom that lies in filtering gridding board (31) in rose box (1) is equipped with dust falling board (31) that the slope set up Two dust absorption fans (13) are arranged on the filter box (1), and a connecting door hinged with the filter box is arranged on the side wall of the filter box (1).
3. A waste disposal device as defined in claim 1, wherein: moving member (41) including removing frame (411), two moving motor (412) and two removal lead screw (413), two remove lead screw (413) symmetry setting on rose box (1) and with rose box (1) rotation connection, two moving motor (412) symmetry sets up on rose box (1) and the main shaft of two moving motor (412) respectively with the one end fixed connection of two removal lead screw (413), the bottom both ends that remove frame (411) set up respectively on two removal lead screw (413) and with two removal lead screw (413) threaded connection.
4. A waste disposal device as defined in claim 3, wherein: ironwork piece (43) are drawn including driving actuating cylinder (431), drive plate (432), mounting panel (433) and a plurality of magnetism and are drawn pole (434), it sets up downwards at the top of removal frame (411) and the flexible end that drives actuating cylinder (431) to drive actuating cylinder (431) vertical setting, drive plate (432) level sets up on the flexible end that drives actuating cylinder (431), the lateral wall fixed connection of mounting panel (433) and drive plate (432), a plurality of the magnetism is drawn the bottom at mounting panel (433) is fixed to the vertical equidistant of pole (434).
5. A waste disposal device as defined in claim 3, wherein: rubbish turns over and moves piece (42) including installation frame (421), upset motor (422), upset roller (423) and a plurality of returning face plate (424), installation frame (421) fixed mounting is on the lateral wall of removing frame (411), the both ends of upset roller (423) rotate with removing frame (411) respectively, upset motor (422) set up on the lateral wall of installation frame (421) and the main shaft of upset motor (422) and the one end fixed connection of upset roller (423), and is a plurality of upset plate (424) are the round seat and set up on upset roller (423).
6. A waste disposal device as defined in claim 4, wherein: the sucking scraping piece (45) comprises a collecting box (451), a scraping plate (452), a scraping motor (453) and a scraping gear (454), one end of the scraping plate (452) is in sliding fit with the side wall of the filter box (1) and one end of the scraping plate (452) is in sliding fit with the side wall of the filter box (1), the collecting box (451) is arranged on the side wall of the filter box (1) and is positioned below the scraping plate (452), the scraping motor (453) is arranged on the scraping plate (452), the scraping gear (454) is arranged on a main shaft of the scraping motor (453), the side wall of the filter box (1) is provided with a tooth socket meshed with the scraping gear (454), the side wall of the filter box (1) is provided with a chute which is in sliding fit with the two ends of the scraping plate (452), and a scraping groove (455) in sliding fit with the magnetic absorption rods (434) is arranged on the scraping plate (452).
7. A waste disposal device as defined in claim 1, wherein: reducing mechanism (5) are including rubbing crusher motor (51), crushing roller (52) and a plurality of crushing blade (53), be equipped with in rose box (1) and hold chamber (12), the both ends of crushing roller (52) rotate with the lateral wall that holds chamber (12) respectively and are connected, rubbing crusher motor (51) set up on the lateral wall of rose box (1) and the main shaft of rubbing crusher motor (51) and the one end fixed connection of crushing roller (52), and a plurality of crushing blade (53) equidistant setting is on rubbing crusher roller (52).
8. A waste disposal device as defined in claim 1, wherein: the compaction device (6) comprises a mounting seat (61), a compaction cylinder (62), a sliding seat (63), a sliding frame (64), a compaction plate (65) and a plurality of hinged rods (66), wherein the mounting seat (61) is horizontally arranged at the side of the compaction box (2), the compaction cylinder (62) is horizontally arranged at the top of the mounting seat (61), the telescopic end of the compaction cylinder (62) is in sliding fit with the side wall of the compaction box (2), the sliding seat (63) is horizontally arranged in the compaction box (2), the sliding frame (64) is horizontally arranged on the sliding seat (63), the sliding frame (64) is in sliding fit with the sliding seat (63), one end of each hinged rod (66) is hinged with the sliding seat (63), the hinged rods (66) are rotatably connected with the sliding frame (64), the compaction plate (65) is rotatably connected with the other end of each hinged rod (66), the compaction plate (65) is in sliding fit with the compaction box (2), and a hinged door (21) rotationally connected with the compaction box (2) is arranged on the compaction box.
CN202010829617.XA 2020-08-18 2020-08-18 Garbage disposal device Withdrawn CN111790735A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010829617.XA CN111790735A (en) 2020-08-18 2020-08-18 Garbage disposal device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010829617.XA CN111790735A (en) 2020-08-18 2020-08-18 Garbage disposal device

Publications (1)

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CN111790735A true CN111790735A (en) 2020-10-20

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CN202010829617.XA Withdrawn CN111790735A (en) 2020-08-18 2020-08-18 Garbage disposal device

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112403589A (en) * 2020-11-06 2021-02-26 王子腾 Building environmental protection construction rubbish clean-up equipment
CN112744999A (en) * 2020-12-29 2021-05-04 朱煜枫 Lake blue algae treatment equipment with extrusion dewatering mechanism
CN113102020A (en) * 2021-04-09 2021-07-13 武汉合创四联科技发展有限公司 Equipment for preparing recycled building material from building waste and production method
CN113368945A (en) * 2021-05-13 2021-09-10 广东宝杰环保科技有限公司 Domestic waste intelligent classification processing apparatus
CN113664018A (en) * 2021-08-09 2021-11-19 安徽农道文旅产业发展有限公司 Tourist attraction refuse treatment device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112403589A (en) * 2020-11-06 2021-02-26 王子腾 Building environmental protection construction rubbish clean-up equipment
CN112744999A (en) * 2020-12-29 2021-05-04 朱煜枫 Lake blue algae treatment equipment with extrusion dewatering mechanism
CN113102020A (en) * 2021-04-09 2021-07-13 武汉合创四联科技发展有限公司 Equipment for preparing recycled building material from building waste and production method
CN113368945A (en) * 2021-05-13 2021-09-10 广东宝杰环保科技有限公司 Domestic waste intelligent classification processing apparatus
CN113664018A (en) * 2021-08-09 2021-11-19 安徽农道文旅产业发展有限公司 Tourist attraction refuse treatment device

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