CN111777434A - Livestock and poultry breeding manure heating microorganism decomposing method and decomposing device thereof - Google Patents

Livestock and poultry breeding manure heating microorganism decomposing method and decomposing device thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111777434A
CN111777434A CN202010607145.3A CN202010607145A CN111777434A CN 111777434 A CN111777434 A CN 111777434A CN 202010607145 A CN202010607145 A CN 202010607145A CN 111777434 A CN111777434 A CN 111777434A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
decomposing
livestock
decomposition
heating
supporting
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Pending
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CN202010607145.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李凤霞
王长军
许兴
张恩平
韩千
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Agricultural Resource And Environment Institute Ningxia Academy Of Agricultural And Forestry Sciences (ningxia Soil And Plant Nutrition Key Laboratory)
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Agricultural Resource And Environment Institute Ningxia Academy Of Agricultural And Forestry Sciences (ningxia Soil And Plant Nutrition Key Laboratory)
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Priority to CN202010607145.3A priority Critical patent/CN111777434A/en
Publication of CN111777434A publication Critical patent/CN111777434A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure
    • C05F3/06Apparatus for the manufacture
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency
    • Y02P20/133Renewable energy sources, e.g. sunlight

Abstract

The livestock and poultry breeding manure heating microorganism decomposing device comprises a supporting device, a decomposing fermentation device, a temperature control device and a deodorizing device, wherein two ends of the decomposing fermentation device are respectively movably connected with the supporting device, and solar panels are assembled on two sides of the decomposing fermentation device, so that solar power generation and manure heating decomposition can be realized; wherein rabbling mechanism can realize automatic control and regularly stir, and temperature control device fixes on strutting arrangement, and is located the fermenting installation that becomes thoroughly decomposed below, and temperature control device and fermenting installation that becomes thoroughly decomposed communicate, have improved raiser's benefit, improve plant and rural area environmental quality. The method for decomposing the livestock and poultry breeding excrement and heating microorganisms is also provided, so that the decomposing time of the livestock and poultry excrement is prolonged, the decomposed product can greatly improve the organic matter content of soil, the utilization rate of the livestock and poultry excrement is improved, and the pollution of waste gas is reduced.

Description

Livestock and poultry breeding manure heating microorganism decomposing method and decomposing device thereof
The technical field is as follows:
the invention relates to the field of fermentation of livestock and poultry manure, in particular to a method and a device for decomposing heating microorganisms in livestock and poultry breeding manure.
Background art:
at present, most of farmyard manure is mainly derived from human and animal excrement, crop straws, weeds, dry branches and fallen leaves, household garbage and the like, and the farmyard manure can be used as a fertilizer to be applied to farmlands after being fermented and decomposed. The common fermentation and decomposition method is high-temperature composting, which is a process of biologically degrading organic matters capable of being decomposed in agricultural wastes into fertile humus soil substances by utilizing thermophilic microorganisms, and cellulose can be decomposed into humus and becomes nutrients capable of being absorbed and utilized by plants through the process. Meanwhile, various harmful organisms can be killed by high temperature in the fermentation process, with the development of economy and breeding industry, large-scale breeding farms and a plurality of farmhouses appear in rural areas, the rural economy development is promoted by breeding livestock and poultry, a large amount of ammonia gas, sulfur dioxide and ammonia nitrogen compounds are generated by piling up feces in the breeding farm, and the odor is very large. And the low temperature is not favorable to the natural fermentation of the livestock and poultry breeding feces in winter, so the stacking and fermentation time of the feces is longer, mosquitoes and flies are bred and spread diseases in the stacking process, the odor environment causes serious air pollution to the surrounding environment in rural areas, the small-sized breeding farm and the breeding of a family lack corresponding supporting equipment, the fermentation used at present mainly has the traditional aerobic random fermentation decomposition, the rotten deodorization effect is slow, and the deodorization effect is not obvious.
The invention content is as follows:
in order to solve the above problems, it is necessary to provide a device for decomposing heat-generating microorganisms in livestock and poultry breeding manure; and also provides a method for decomposing the livestock and poultry breeding excrement and heat-generating microorganisms.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
the invention relates to a livestock and poultry breeding manure heating microorganism decomposing device which comprises a supporting device, a decomposing and fermenting device, a temperature control device and a deodorizing device, wherein two ends of the decomposing and fermenting device are respectively movably connected with the supporting device, two sides of the decomposing and fermenting device are provided with solar electroplates, and the deodorizing device is fixed at the upper part of the decomposing and fermenting device and is communicated with the decomposing and fermenting device; the temperature control device is fixed on the supporting device and is positioned below the decomposing and fermenting device, and the temperature control device is communicated with the decomposing and fermenting device.
Preferably, the supporting device comprises a supporting plate, supporting frames, supporting shafts, a push-pull handle and traveling wheels, a plurality of holes are formed in the middle of the supporting plate, the two supporting frames are fixed on the supporting plate, threaded holes are formed in the inner sides of the two supporting frames respectively, and one end of each supporting shaft is provided with threads and is assembled with the threaded holes; the other end of the supporting shaft is movably connected with the decomposed fermentation device, one side of one supporting frame is connected with a push-pull handle, and the walking wheels are assembled at the bottom of the supporting plate and are not less than three in number.
Preferably, the decomposing and fermenting device comprises a decomposing tank, a partition plate, a first filter screen, a second filter screen, a sleeve, a fastening screw, an inclined support seat, a solar panel, a feeding funnel, a stirring mechanism, a liquid discharge pipe, a tank cover and a buckle assembly, wherein the inside of the decomposing tank is divided into a decomposing chamber and a waste liquid collecting chamber by the partition plate, the case shell of the decomposition case is of a double-layer structure, a plurality of round holes are respectively arranged on the partition boards, a first filter screen and a second filter screen are respectively fixedly assembled inside the round holes, the first filter screen is positioned at the upper part of the second filter screen, two ends of the decomposition box are respectively fixedly connected with a sleeve, a fastening screw can be assembled on the sleeve, two inclined supporting seats are respectively assembled at two sides of the decomposition box, the inclined supporting seat is provided with a solar panel, the feeding hopper is positioned at the upper part of the decomposition box and is communicated with the decomposition chamber, and the stirring mechanism is arranged on the decomposition box, partially extends into the decomposition chamber and is electrically connected with the solar panel; one end of the liquid discharge pipe extends into the waste liquid collecting chamber, the other end of the liquid discharge pipe can be connected with a pipeline, the box cover is positioned on the upper portion of the decomposition box, one side of the box cover is assembled with one side of the decomposition box through a buckle assembly, and the other side of the box cover is hinged with the decomposition box.
Preferably, the stirring mechanism comprises a connecting plate, a motor, a stirring shaft and a packing auger, and the connecting plate is fixed at one end of the decomposition box; the upper part is fixedly connected with a motor, the output end of the motor is connected with a stirring shaft, the stirring shaft part is arranged in the decomposition chamber, and the part extending into the decomposition chamber is provided with a packing auger.
Preferably, temperature control device includes the controller, the air-blower, the heating cabinet, steam conduit and temperature sensor, and the controller, air-blower and heating cabinet are located the backup pad respectively, and the air-blower is connected with the heating cabinet, and one side and the steam conduit of heating cabinet are connected, and the steam conduit other end stretches into between the case bilayer structure of rotting, and temperature sensor joins in marriage the dress in one side of the case of rotting, and temperature sensor's probe stretches into between the case bilayer structure of rotting, the controller respectively with solar panel, the air-blower, heating cabinet and temperature sensor electric connection.
Preferably, the deodorization device comprises a deodorization tower and an air-entraining pipe, one end of the air-entraining pipe extends into the decomposition chamber, the other end of the air-entraining pipe extends into the deodorization tower, and a deodorization cleaning agent is placed inside the deodorization tower.
A livestock and poultry breeding manure heating microorganism decomposing device and method comprises the following steps:
A. culturing a fermentation inoculum: culturing a zymophyte agent in a culture room by using a culture medium, wherein the culture medium comprises the following components in parts by weight: 3.0-4.8 parts of beef extract, 1.0-2.0 parts of peptone, 0.1-0.8 part of agar powder and 0.1-0.2 part of glucose, wherein the cultivation temperature is 30-35 ℃, and the cultivation time is not less than 10 hours;
B. sterilizing and filling: after a decomposition chamber A in the decomposition box is cleaned and disinfected by using disinfectant fluid, excrement of livestock and poultry is conveyed to the decomposition chamber A from a feeding funnel, and meanwhile, a deodorizing detergent is added into a deodorizing tower;
C. stirring: after the deodorant detergent is added, the motor is controlled by the controller to rotate and stir the livestock and poultry manure, the rotating speed of the motor is 20-30r/min, and the stirring time is 12-20 h;
D. heating: standing for 2-8min after stirring, adding the fermentation inoculum cultured in the step A into the decomposition chamber A through a feed hopper, controlling a motor to rotate through a controller to stir the mixture, and enabling an air blower and a heating box to work through the controller, wherein the heating temperature is 35-45 ℃ and the heating time is 12-24 h;
E. preserving heat; after heating, the motor stops rotating, the temperature in the decomposition box is kept to be 30-35 ℃ through the heating box, heat preservation is carried out until the livestock and poultry breeding manure is decomposed, waste water generated in the decomposition chamber A flows into the waste liquid collecting chamber B through the first filter screen and the second filter screen and is discharged through the liquid discharge pipe, and organic fertilizer generated by decomposition can be suitable for soil fertility improvement.
Preferably, the fermentation bacteria agent in the step A comprises: ureolyticus, fusobacterium nucleatum, gram-negative anaerobic bacillus, gram-negative anaerobic coccus and gram-positive anaerobic coccus.
Preferably, the deodorizing detergent in step B is: a mixture of iron oxide desulfurization agent and catalyst.
The livestock and poultry breeding manure heating microorganism decomposing device provided by the invention has the following advantages: solar power generation and excrement heating and decomposition can be realized, automatic control and timing stirring can be realized, labor cost and labor intensity are reduced, benefits of farmers are improved, and environmental quality of farms and villages is improved. The method for decomposing the livestock and poultry breeding excrement and heating microorganisms improves the decomposing time of the livestock and poultry excrement, and the decomposed product can greatly improve the organic matter content of soil, improve the utilization rate of the livestock and poultry excrement and reduce the pollution of waste gas.
Description of the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic three-dimensional structure diagram of a livestock and poultry breeding manure heating microorganism decomposing device;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a side view structure of a livestock and poultry breeding manure heating microorganism decomposing device;
FIG. 3 is a schematic top view of a device for decomposing heat-generating microorganisms from feces and sewage generated by livestock and poultry breeding;
FIG. 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view taken along line C-C of FIG. 3;
in the figure: the device comprises a supporting device 1, a decomposing fermentation device 2, a temperature control device 3, a deodorization device, a supporting plate 10, a supporting frame 11, a supporting shaft 12, a push-pull handle 13, a traveling wheel 14, a decomposing tank 20, a partition plate 21, a first filter screen 22, a second filter screen 23, a sleeve 24, a fastening screw 25, an inclined supporting seat 26, a solar panel 27, a feeding funnel 28, a stirring mechanism 29, a liquid discharge pipe 201, a tank cover 202, a buckle component 203, a connecting plate 290, a motor 291, a stirring shaft 292, an auger 293, a controller 30, an air blower 31, a heating tank 32, a steam pipeline 33, a temperature sensor 34, a deodorizing tower 40, an air guide pipe 41, a decomposing chamber A and a waste liquid collecting chamber B.
The specific implementation mode is as follows:
the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the drawings in the accompanying drawings, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention; the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance, and furthermore, unless otherwise explicitly stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly and may be, for example, fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Embodiment 1, with reference to fig. 1 to 4, a livestock and poultry breeding manure heating microorganism decomposing device comprises a supporting device 1, a decomposing and fermenting device 2, a temperature control device 3 and a deodorizing device 4, wherein two ends of the decomposing and fermenting device 2 are respectively movably connected with the supporting device 1, solar panels are assembled on two sides of the decomposing and fermenting device 2, and the deodorizing device 4 is fixed on the upper part of the decomposing and fermenting device 2 and is communicated with the decomposing and fermenting device 2; the temperature control device 3 is fixed on the supporting device 1 and is positioned below the decomposing and fermenting device 2, and the temperature control device 3 is communicated with the decomposing and fermenting device 2.
The supporting device 1 comprises a supporting plate 10, supporting frames 11, a supporting shaft 12, a push-pull handle 13 and walking wheels 14, wherein a plurality of strip-shaped holes are formed in the middle of the supporting plate 10, the two supporting frames 11 are fixed on the supporting plate 10, threaded holes are formed in the inner sides of the two supporting frames 11 respectively, and one end of the supporting shaft 12 is provided with threads and assembled with the threaded holes; the other end of the supporting shaft 12 is movably connected with the decomposing and fermenting device 2, one side of one supporting frame 11 is connected with a push-pull handle 13, and the walking wheels 14 are assembled at the bottom of the supporting plate 10 and are not less than three.
The decomposing and fermenting device 2 comprises a decomposing box 20, a partition plate 21, a first filter screen 22, a second filter screen 23, a sleeve 24, a fastening screw 25, an inclined support seat 26, a solar panel 27, a feeding funnel 28, a stirring mechanism 29, a liquid discharge pipe 201, a box cover 202 and a buckle component 203, wherein the inside of the decomposing box 20 is divided into a decomposing chamber A and a waste liquid collecting chamber B through the partition plate 21, the box shell of the decomposing box 20 is of a double-layer structure, a plurality of round holes are respectively formed in the partition plate 21, the first filter screen 22 and the second filter screen 23 are respectively fixedly assembled in the round holes, the first filter screen 22 is positioned on the upper part of the second filter screen 23, the sleeve 24 is respectively and fixedly connected at two ends of the decomposing box 20, the fastening screw 25 can be assembled on the sleeve 24, the rotating angle of the decomposing box 20 can be controlled through the fastening screw 25, after the decomposing is finished, the fastening screw 25 can be loosened, the decomposing box 25 is rotated by a, after the box cover is opened, decomposed materials in the decomposing chamber A can be poured out, two inclined supporting seats 26 are respectively arranged at two sides of the decomposing chamber 20, a solar panel 27 is arranged on each inclined supporting seat 26, a feeding funnel 28 is positioned at the upper part of the decomposing chamber 20 and is communicated with the decomposing chamber A, and a stirring mechanism 29 is arranged on the decomposing chamber 20, partially extends into the decomposing chamber A and is electrically connected with the solar panel 27; one end of the drain pipe 201 extends into the waste liquid collecting chamber B, the other end can be connected with a pipeline, the box cover 202 is positioned at the upper part of the decomposition box 20, one side of the box cover 202 is assembled with one side of the decomposition box 20 through a buckle assembly 203, and the other side of the box cover 202 is hinged with the decomposition box 20.
The stirring mechanism 29 comprises a connecting plate 290, a motor 291, a stirring shaft 292 and a packing auger 293, wherein the connecting plate 290 is fixed at one end of the decomposing box 20; the upper part of the connecting plate 290 is fixedly connected with a motor 291, the output end of the motor 291 is connected with a stirring shaft 292, the part of the stirring shaft 292 is assembled in the decomposition chamber A, and the part extending into the decomposition chamber A is assembled with a packing auger 293.
The temperature control device 3 comprises a controller 30, a blower 31, a heating box 32, a steam pipeline 33 and a temperature sensor 34, wherein the controller 30, the blower 31 and the heating box 32 are respectively positioned on the supporting plate 10, the blower 31 is connected with the heating box 32, one side of the heating box 32 is connected with the steam pipeline 33, the other end of the steam pipeline 33 extends into the double-layer structure of the decomposition box 20, the temperature sensor 34 is assembled at one side of the decomposition box 20, a probe of the temperature sensor 34 extends into the double-layer structure of the decomposition box 20, and the controller 30 is respectively connected with a solar panel 27, the blower 31, the heating box 32 and the temperature sensor 34.
The deodorizing device 4 comprises a deodorizing tower 40 and a gas-guiding pipe 41, one end of the gas-guiding pipe 41 extends into the decomposing chamber a, the other end extends into the deodorizing tower 40, and a deodorizing cleaning agent is placed inside the deodorizing tower 40.
A livestock and poultry breeding manure heating microorganism decomposing method comprises the following steps:
A. culturing a fermentation inoculum: culturing a zymophyte agent in a culture room by using a culture medium, wherein the culture medium comprises the following components in parts by weight: 3.0-4.8 parts of beef extract, 1.0-2.0 parts of peptone, 0.1-0.8 part of agar powder and 0.1-0.2 part of glucose, wherein the cultivation temperature is 30-35 ℃, and the cultivation time is not less than 10 hours;
B. sterilizing and filling: after the inside decomposition chamber A of the decomposition box 20 is cleaned and disinfected by using disinfectant fluid, feces of livestock and poultry are conveyed to the decomposition chamber A from a feeding funnel 28, and a deodorizing detergent is added into a deodorizing tower 40;
C. stirring: after deodorant detergent is added, the controller 30 controls the motor 291 to rotate and stir the livestock and poultry manure, the rotating speed of the motor 291 is 20-30r/min, and the stirring time is 12-20 h;
D. heating: standing for 2-8min after stirring, adding the fermentation inoculum cultured in the step A into the decomposing chamber A through a feed hopper 28, controlling a motor 291 to rotate and stir the mixture through a controller 30, and enabling an air blower 31 and a heating box 32 to work through the controller 30 at the same time, wherein the heating temperature is 35-45 ℃ and the heating time is 12-24 h;
E. preserving heat; after heating, the motor 291 stops rotating, the temperature in the decomposition box 20 is kept at 30-35 ℃ through the heating box 32, heat is preserved until the livestock and poultry breeding manure is decomposed, wastewater generated in the decomposition chamber A flows into the waste liquid collection chamber B through the first filter screen 22 and the second filter screen 23 and is discharged through the liquid discharge pipe 201, and organic fertilizer generated by decomposition is applicable to soil fertility enhancement
Embodiment 2 referring to fig. 1 to 4, as another preferred embodiment of the present invention, the difference from embodiment 1 is that: the fermentation inoculum in step A comprises: ureolyticus, fusobacterium nucleatum, gram-negative anaerobic bacillus, gram-negative anaerobic coccus and gram-positive anaerobic coccus.
Example 3 referring to fig. 1 to 4, as another preferred embodiment of the present invention, there is a difference from example 1 in that: the deodorization cleaning agent in the step B is: a mixture of iron oxide desulfurization agent and catalyst. The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art should be able to cover the technical scope of the present invention, the technical solutions and the inventive concepts equivalent to or changed from the technical solutions and the inventive concepts of the present invention within the scope of the present invention
The livestock and poultry breeding manure heating microorganism decomposing device provided by the invention has the following advantages: solar power generation and excrement heating and decomposition can be realized, automatic control and timing stirring can be realized, labor cost and labor intensity are reduced, benefits of farmers are improved, and environmental quality of farms and villages is improved. The method for decomposing the livestock and poultry breeding excrement and heating microorganisms improves the decomposing time of the livestock and poultry excrement, and the decomposed product can greatly improve the organic matter content of soil, improve the utilization rate of the livestock and poultry excrement and reduce the pollution of waste gas.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a livestock and poultry breeding excrement microorganism device that generates heat, its characterized in that: the device comprises a supporting device (1), a decomposing fermentation device (2), a temperature control device (3) and a deodorization device (4), wherein two ends of the decomposing fermentation device (2) are respectively movably connected with the supporting device (1), solar panels (27) are assembled on two sides of the decomposing fermentation device (2), and the deodorization device (4) is fixed on the upper part of the decomposing fermentation device (2) and is communicated with the decomposing fermentation device (2); the temperature control device (3) is fixed on the supporting device (1) and is positioned below the decomposing fermentation device (2), and the temperature control device (3) is communicated with the decomposing fermentation device (2).
2. The livestock and poultry breeding manure heating microorganism decomposition device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the supporting device (1) comprises a supporting plate (10), supporting frames (11), supporting shafts (12), a push-pull handle (13) and walking wheels (14), wherein a plurality of strip-shaped holes are formed in the middle of the supporting plate (10), the two supporting frames (11) are fixed on the supporting plate (10), threaded holes are formed in the inner sides of the two supporting frames (11) respectively, and one end of each supporting shaft (12) is provided with threads and is assembled with the threaded holes; the other end of the supporting shaft (12) is movably connected with the decomposed fermentation device (2), one side of one supporting frame (11) is connected with a push-pull handle (13), and the walking wheels (14) are assembled at the bottom of the supporting plate (10) and are not less than three in number.
3. The livestock and poultry breeding manure heating microorganism decomposition device according to claim 2, characterized in that: the decomposing and fermenting device (2) comprises a decomposing tank (20), a partition plate (21), a first filter screen (22), a second filter screen (23), a sleeve (24), a fastening screw (25), inclined supporting seats (26), a solar panel (27), a feeding funnel (28), a stirring mechanism (29), a liquid discharge pipe (201), a tank cover (202) and a buckle component (203), wherein the inside of the decomposing tank (20) is divided into a decomposing chamber A and a waste liquid collecting chamber B through the partition plate (21), the tank shell of the decomposing tank (20) is of a double-layer structure, a plurality of round holes are respectively formed in the partition plate (21), the inside of each round hole is respectively and fixedly provided with the first filter screen (22) and the second filter screen (23), the first filter screen (22) is positioned at the upper part of the second filter screen (23), the two ends of the decomposing tank (20) are respectively and fixedly connected with the sleeve (24), the fastening screw (25) and the two inclined supporting seats (26) can be respectively arranged at the two sides of the decomposing tank (20, a solar panel (27) is assembled on the inclined supporting seat (26), the feeding hopper (28) is positioned at the upper part of the decomposition box (20) and is communicated with the decomposition chamber A, and the stirring mechanism (29) is assembled on the decomposition box (20), partially extends into the decomposition chamber A and is electrically connected with the solar panel (27); one end of the liquid discharge pipe (201) extends into the waste liquid collecting chamber B, the other end of the liquid discharge pipe can be connected with a pipeline, the box cover (202) is positioned at the upper part of the decomposition box (20), one side of the box cover (202) is assembled with one side of the decomposition box (20) through a buckle component (203), and the other side of the box cover (202) is hinged with the decomposition box (20).
4. The livestock and poultry breeding manure heating microorganism decomposition device according to claim 3, characterized in that: the stirring mechanism (29) comprises a connecting plate (290), a motor (291), a stirring shaft (292) and a packing auger (293), wherein the connecting plate (290) is fixed at one end of the decomposition box (20); the upper part of the connecting plate (290) is fixedly connected with a motor (291), the output end of the motor (291) is connected with a stirring shaft (292), part of the stirring shaft (292) is assembled in the decomposition chamber A, and the part extending into the decomposition chamber A is assembled with a packing auger (293).
5. The livestock and poultry breeding manure heating microorganism decomposition device according to claim 3, characterized in that: temperature control device (3) are including controller (30), air-blower (31), heating cabinet (32), steam conduit (33) and temperature sensor (34), controller (30), air-blower (31) and heating cabinet (32) are located backup pad (10) respectively, air-blower (31) are connected with heating cabinet (32), one side and steam conduit (33) of heating cabinet (32) are connected, steam conduit (33) other end stretches into between the case of rotting (20) bilayer structure, one side at case of rotting (20) is assembled in temperature sensor (34), and the probe of temperature sensor (34) stretches into between case of rotting (20) bilayer structure, controller (30) respectively with solar panel (27), air-blower (31), heating cabinet (32) and temperature sensor electrical property (34) are connected.
6. The livestock and poultry breeding manure heating microorganism decomposition device according to claim 3, characterized in that: the deodorization device (4) comprises a deodorization tower (40) and a gas-guiding pipe (41), one end of the gas-guiding pipe (41) extends into the decomposition chamber A, the other end of the gas-guiding pipe extends into the deodorization tower (40), and a deodorization cleaning agent is placed inside the deodorization tower (40).
7. A livestock and poultry breeding manure heating microorganism decomposing method is characterized by comprising the following steps: comprises the following steps;
A. culturing a fermentation inoculum: culturing a zymophyte agent in a culture room by using a culture medium, wherein the culture medium comprises the following components in parts by weight: 3.0-4.8 parts of beef extract, 1.0-2.0 parts of peptone, 0.1-0.8 part of agar powder and 0.1-0.2 part of glucose, wherein the cultivation temperature is 30-35 ℃, and the cultivation time is not less than 10 hours;
B. sterilizing and filling: after a decomposition chamber A inside the decomposition box (20) is cleaned and disinfected by using disinfectant water, excrement of livestock and poultry is conveyed to the decomposition chamber A from a feeding funnel (28), and a deodorizing detergent is added into a deodorizing tower (40);
C. stirring: after deodorant detergent is added, the motor (291) is controlled by the controller (30) to rotate and stir the livestock and poultry manure, the rotating speed of the motor (291) is 20-30r/min, and the stirring time is 12-20 h;
D. heating: standing for 2-8min after stirring, adding the fermentation inoculum cultured in the step A into the decomposing chamber A through a feed hopper (28), controlling a motor (291) to rotate and stir the mixture through a controller (30), and enabling an air blower (31) and a heating box (32) to work through the controller (30) at the same time, wherein the heating temperature is 35-45 ℃ and the heating time is 12-24 h;
E. preserving heat; after heating, the motor (291) stops rotating, the temperature in the decomposition box (20) is kept at 30-35 ℃ through the heating box (32), heat is preserved until the livestock and poultry breeding manure is decomposed, wastewater generated in the decomposition chamber A flows into the waste liquid collection chamber B after passing through the first filter screen (22) and the second filter screen (23) and is discharged through the liquid discharge pipe (201), and organic fertilizer generated by decomposition can be suitable for soil fertility improvement.
8. The method for decomposing exothermic microorganisms in livestock and poultry breeding manure according to claim 7, characterized in that: the fermentation inoculum in step A comprises: ureolyticus, fusobacterium nucleatum, gram-negative anaerobic bacillus, gram-negative anaerobic coccus and gram-positive anaerobic coccus.
9. The method for decomposing exothermic microorganisms in livestock and poultry breeding manure according to claim 7, characterized in that: the deodorization cleaning agent in the step B is a mixture of an iron oxide desulfurizer and a catalyst.
CN202010607145.3A 2020-06-30 2020-06-30 Livestock and poultry breeding manure heating microorganism decomposing method and decomposing device thereof Pending CN111777434A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108934158A (en) * 2016-02-01 2018-12-04 Gc细胞治疗 Cell cryopreservation culture media composition and its application

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108934158A (en) * 2016-02-01 2018-12-04 Gc细胞治疗 Cell cryopreservation culture media composition and its application

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