CN111775213A - Forest crusher - Google Patents

Forest crusher Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111775213A
CN111775213A CN202010689707.3A CN202010689707A CN111775213A CN 111775213 A CN111775213 A CN 111775213A CN 202010689707 A CN202010689707 A CN 202010689707A CN 111775213 A CN111775213 A CN 111775213A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
rod
plate
forest
rods
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010689707.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
覃凡丁
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangxi University of Finance and Economics
Original Assignee
Guangxi University of Finance and Economics
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangxi University of Finance and Economics filed Critical Guangxi University of Finance and Economics
Priority to CN202010689707.3A priority Critical patent/CN111775213A/en
Publication of CN111775213A publication Critical patent/CN111775213A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27BSAWS FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; COMPONENTS OR ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • B27B17/00Chain saws; Equipment therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27BSAWS FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; COMPONENTS OR ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • B27B25/00Feeding devices for timber in saw mills or sawing machines; Feeding devices for trees
    • B27B25/04Feeding devices for timber in saw mills or sawing machines; Feeding devices for trees with feed chains or belts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27LREMOVING BARK OR VESTIGES OF BRANCHES; SPLITTING WOOD; MANUFACTURE OF VENEER, WOODEN STICKS, WOOD SHAVINGS, WOOD FIBRES OR WOOD POWDER
    • B27L7/00Arrangements for splitting wood
    • B27L7/06Arrangements for splitting wood using wedges, knives or spreaders

Abstract

The invention discloses a forest crusher, which comprises a frame body, wherein a conveying belt, a cutting device and a crushing device are arranged on the frame body; the conveying belt is horizontally arranged on the frame body. The crushing device is arranged below the front side of the conveying belt and comprises a push plate and a crushing knife. The push plate is connected with a push plate driving mechanism which drives the push plate to reciprocate back and forth; the crushing cutter comprises a fixing part at the bottom end and a plurality of blades arranged at the top end at equal intervals on the circumference. The fixed part is connected with a blade center aligning device, and the blade center aligning device comprises an aligning rod, a connecting rod, a winding drum and a traction rope. The invention has the characteristics of convenient transmission, automatic clamping, automatic adjustment of the height of the crushing knife and automatic packaging.

Description

Forest crusher
Technical Field
The invention relates to a forest crusher.
Background
Traditional forest forms cylindrical timber after felling and handling, for with the broken cubic (split firewood) of one section of forest, at first need cut off into one section with columniform forest, on putting the breaker with one section of forest later on, broken multilobe to in the use in later stage, current forest has following problem in the breakage: 1. the forest trees are too large in size and heavy in weight, and consume physical strength in the process of being transported to the crusher, and the trees continuously bend over during the transportation process and damage lumbar vertebrae. 2. When the trees are cut off, the trees need to be manually supported, so that the trees are prevented from shaking when being cut off, and labor force is prevented from being wasted. 3. For convenient to use, it is better to break into even many lamellas with the forest, and later stage is more convenient when using like this, but along with the difference of forest diameter, leads to the center of blade hardly to keep in the same position with the axis of forest, leads to the timber size after the breakage to differ, influences the use in later stage. 4. The broken woods are piled up together, need put and arrange in order later stage, are pricked by the burr of the broken department of woods easily when putting. Therefore, the designed wood crusher is convenient to convey, automatic in clamping, capable of automatically adjusting the height of the crushing knife and capable of automatically packing, and has wide market prospect.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention provides the forest crusher which is convenient to convey, can automatically clamp, can automatically adjust the height of the crushing cutter and can automatically pack.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows:
the forest crusher comprises a frame body, wherein a conveying belt, a cutting device and a crushing device are arranged on the frame body;
the conveying belt is horizontally arranged on the frame body; the cutting device comprises a chain saw which is arranged on the upper side of the front end of the conveyor belt; the chain saw is connected with a chain saw driving mechanism which drives the chain saw to reciprocate in the vertical direction; the rear side of the chain saw is fixedly connected with an inverted L-shaped supporting plate, and a liftable sliding rod is arranged on the supporting plate; the bottom end of the sliding rod is fixedly connected with a horizontal pressing plate; a return spring is sleeved on the sliding rod; two ends of the reset spring are respectively propped against the supporting plate and the pressing plate;
the crushing device is arranged below the front side of the conveyor belt and comprises a push plate and a crushing knife; the push plate is connected with a push plate driving mechanism which drives the push plate to reciprocate back and forth; the crushing cutter comprises a fixing part at the bottom end and a plurality of blades arranged at the top end at equal intervals;
the fixed part is connected with a blade center aligning device, the blade center aligning device comprises aligning rods, connecting rods, a winding drum and a traction rope, and the two aligning rods are arranged in bilateral symmetry; each aligning rod is hinged with the frame body through two parallel connecting rods; two winding drums are symmetrically arranged on the left and right, each winding drum is fixed on a pin shaft which is hinged between the connecting rod and the frame body, and the pin shaft is fixedly connected with the corresponding connecting rod; the crushing cutter is characterized in that the number of the traction ropes is two, one end of each traction rope is connected with the winding drum, the other end of each traction rope penetrates through a guide hole formed in the frame body and then is connected with a fixing part of the crushing cutter, the fixing part is in a strip shape and can vertically slide in a sliding groove formed in the bottom end of the frame body, and a compression spring is sleeved on the fixing part; a tension spring is connected between each aligning rod and the frame body; the top ends of the two aligning rods extend outwards in a splayed shape.
Furthermore, friction strips are densely distributed on the surface of the conveyor belt and are triangular prisms.
Furthermore, a row of fixing teeth are arranged at the bottom end of the pressing plate.
Furthermore, a tree conveying device is arranged on one side of the frame body and comprises a frame hinged to one side of the frame body, a conveying plate capable of sliding up and down along the frame is arranged on the frame, and a conveying plate driving mechanism for driving the conveying plate to reciprocate is arranged on the frame; the transmission plate is hinged with a plurality of baffle rods, and the hinged joint is provided with a torsional spring which enables the baffle rods to keep an inclined state in a natural state; a stop lever limiting mechanism is arranged between the stop lever and the conveying plate and comprises a limiting rod capable of sliding on the stop lever and a limiting hole arranged on the conveying plate; a sliding block is arranged in the limiting hole; a plurality of ejector rods corresponding to the stop rods are arranged at the top end of the frame; each ejector rod can slide on the frame; the top rod can eject the limiting rod positioned in the limiting hole; the bottom of the frame is provided with a plurality of bulges corresponding to the stop rods.
Furthermore, the bottom of support body is provided with the gyro wheel, the frame with articulated a frame drive pneumatic cylinder of connecting between the support body.
Furthermore, a packer is arranged on the frame body positioned at the front end of the crushing device, and an inclined slide way is arranged on the front side of the packer; and a plurality of rotating rods are arranged on the slide way.
Further, the chain saw is an electric saw.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
through forest conveyer, with bulky, on the conveyer belt that heavy forest of weight conveyed, cut into one section with forest through the chain saw, support forest in the automatic extrusion of the clamp plate of cutting off with, take place to rock when preventing that forest from cutting off. Later through the broken bivalve of forest into of breaker with the segmentation, the forest is located between two aligning poles before the breakage, and two aligning poles can drive the reel and rotate when keeping away from or being close to, and the haulage rope of reel can stimulate the vertical removal of fixed part, realizes adjusting well at the blade center, ensures that the forest after the breakage equally divides into the bivalve as far as possible. The broken forest is packed by a packing machine, and can be conveniently placed and taken at a later stage.
Through setting up a plurality of archs in the bottom of frame, when conveying board slide bottom, the shelves pole can take place to rotate, blocks the forest, and the tip of final gag lever post injects spacing downthehole, and at the in-process along with conveying board upward movement like this, the forest can not drop. Through set up a plurality of ejector pins that correspond with the shelves pole in the bottom of frame, when the conveying plate slided to the top, the tip of ejector pin was located spacing downthehole to the gag lever post that will be located spacing downthehole through the slider is ejecting, makes the shelves pole swing to initial position. The whole process is automatically finished, and time and labor are saved. The bottom through at the support body sets up the gyro wheel, can remove the support body wantonly to the position that needs the breakage, convenient to use, through setting up frame drive pneumatic cylinder, can be at the support body removal can be wantonly with frame jack-up or fall down.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a side view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged schematic view of portion A of FIG. 2 of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention (showing the baler and the chute);
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the present invention in partial cross-section;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of a portion B of FIG. 5;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged view of a portion C of FIG. 5 of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view in partial cross-section of the present invention (showing the blade center alignment arrangement);
FIG. 9 is a schematic perspective view of a transfer plate according to the present invention;
FIG. 10 is an enlarged view of a portion D of FIG. 8 in accordance with the present invention;
in the figure, a frame body 1, a guide block 11, a guide hole 111, a fixed block 12, a slide groove 121, a packing machine 13, a slide rail 14, a rotating rod 141, a roller 15, a frame driving hydraulic cylinder 16, a bottom plate 17, a strip groove 171, a vertical plate 172, a conveyor belt 2, a rubbing strip 21, a driving device 22, a cutting device 3, a chain saw 31, a chain saw driving mechanism 32, a support plate 33, a slide bar 34, a pressure plate 35, a return spring 36, a crushing device 4, a push plate 41, a crushing knife 42, a fixed part 421, a connecting end 421a, a blade 422, a push plate driving mechanism 43, a blade center aligning device 5, an aligning rod 51, a connecting rod 52, a winding drum 53, a pulling rope 54, a pin 55, a compression spring 56, a tension spring 57, a wood conveying device 6, a frame 61, a top bar 611, a protrusion 612, an inclined rod 613, a horizontal rod 614, a conveying plate 62, a limiting hole 621, Chain 632, conveying plate driving motor 633, rotating shaft 634, gear lever 64, limiting rod 641, controller 7 and control button 71.
Detailed Description
For a better understanding of the present invention, embodiments thereof are explained in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
The forest crusher shown in the attached drawings 1 to 10 comprises a frame body 1, wherein the frame body 1 comprises a stand column at the bottom end and a side plate at the upper end, and a bottom plate 17 is horizontally arranged at the front side of the frame body 1. The frame body 1 is provided with a conveyor belt 2, a cutting device 3 and a crushing device 4.
Conveyer belt 2 level setting is on support body 1, and conveyer belt 2 adopts prior art, and the drive arrangement 22 of conveyer belt 2 sets up on support body 1 lateral wall. In order to prevent the conveyor belt 2 from slipping during the conveying of the forest, friction strips 21 are densely distributed on the surface of the conveyor belt 2, and the friction strips 21 are triangular prism-shaped. The rubbing strip 21 may be a rubber strip or an iron plate.
The cutting device 3 includes a chain saw 31, and the chain saw 31 is an electric saw, but the chain saw 31 may be a chain saw. The chain saw 31 is provided above the front end of the conveyor belt 2, and when the trees are conveyed to the front end by the conveyor belt 2, the trees are cut by the chain saw 31. The chain saw 31 is connected to a chain saw driving mechanism 32 for driving the chain saw 31 to reciprocate in the vertical direction, and the chain saw driving mechanism 32 includes a vertically arranged hydraulic cylinder. An inverted L-shaped support plate 33 is fixedly attached to the rear side of the chain saw 31, and as shown in the drawing, the L-shaped support plate 33 is fixed to one side of the chain saw 31 so that the chain saw driving mechanism 32 drives the support plate 33 to move vertically while driving the chain saw 31 to move vertically. A liftable sliding rod 34 is arranged on the supporting plate 33; the bottom end of the sliding rod 34 is fixedly connected with a horizontal pressing plate 35, and preferably, the bottom end of the pressing plate 35 is provided with a row of fixing teeth, so that the forest trees can be prevented from rotating when being cut off. A return spring 36 is sleeved on the sliding rod 34; two ends of the return spring 36 are respectively propped against the supporting plate 33 and the pressing plate 35; when the chain saw 31 and the support plate 33 move vertically together, the chain saw 31 starts cutting the forest, the pressure plate 35 sliding vertically on the support plate 33 presses the forest, and as the chain saw 31 continues to cut, the pressure plate 35 and the slide bar 34 slide vertically on the support plate 33. When the chain saw 31 returns to the initial position after cutting the forest, the pressing plate 35 also moves to the initial position under the action of the return spring 36.
Breaker 4 sets up in the front side below of conveyer belt 2, is located and sets up an upper surface for curved bottom plate 17 on the support body 1 of 2 front sides below of conveyer belt, is conveyed the forest of front end by conveyer belt 2, and through cutting device 3, the forest is cut into one section, and the forest after cutting off can fall into on bottom plate 17. The crushing device 4 comprises a push plate 41 and a crushing knife 42, the push plate 42 is connected with a push plate driving mechanism 43 for driving the push plate 41 to reciprocate back and forth, as shown in figure 2, the push plate driving mechanism 43 comprises a hydraulic cylinder which is horizontally arranged and is fixed on the frame body 1 below the conveyor belt 2. The crushing cutter 42 comprises a fixing part 421 at the bottom end and a plurality of blades 422 at the top end which are circumferentially arranged at equal intervals, as shown in fig. 1 and fig. 4, the width of the blades circumferentially arranged is very wide, the strength of the crushing cutter 42 can be increased, and the crushing cutter 42 is prevented from being extruded and deformed.
The fixing portion 421 is connected to a blade center aligning device 5, as shown in fig. 3 and 8, the blade center aligning device 5 includes an aligning rod 51, a connecting rod 52, a winding drum 53 and a pulling rope 54, and two aligning rods 51 are symmetrically arranged left and right; every alignment rod 51 is connected with support body 1 through two parallel connecting rods 52 are articulated, and the concrete embodiment is: a vertical plate 172 is arranged at the lower end of the bottom plate 17 of the frame body 1, and the bottom end of the connecting rod 52 is hinged with the vertical plate 172. Reel 53 bilateral symmetry is provided with two, and every reel 53 is fixed on the round pin axle 55 of the articulated connection of connecting rod 52 and support body 1, round pin axle 55 and the connecting rod 52 fixed connection who corresponds (when connecting rod 52 swings promptly, round pin axle 55 also along with rotating), haulage rope 54 is provided with two, and the one end of every haulage rope 54 is connected with reel 53, and the other end of haulage rope 54 passes behind the guiding hole 111 that sets up on the support body 1 to be connected with the fixed part 421 of broken sword 42, and the concrete implementation mode is: two guide blocks 11 are provided at the bottom end of the base plate 17, guide holes 111 are provided on the guide blocks 11, and the traction rope 54 passes through the guide holes 111. Fixed part 421 is the bar, but fixed part 421 vertical slip is provided with vertical fixed block 12 in the bottom of bottom plate 17 in the spout 121 that the bottom of support body 1 set up, and the embodiment is, and spout 121 sets up on fixed block 12, and the side opening of fixed block 12, a horizontally link 421a of bottom extension of fixed part 421, link 421a are connected with haulage rope 54.
A compression spring 56 is sleeved on the fixing portion 421, and two ends of the compression spring 56 are respectively pressed against the top wall of the side end opening of the fixing block 12. A tension spring 57 is connected between each aligning rod 51 and the frame body 1, and when the diameter of a forest becomes thin, the distance between the two aligning rods 51 is reduced under the action of the tension spring 57. At this time, the fixing portion 421 of the crushing blade 42 moves vertically downward along the chute 121 by the compression spring 56, and the center position of the blade 422 is lowered. The top ends of the two aligning rods 51 extend outwards in a splayed shape, so that the trees can fall between the two aligning rods 51 conveniently. And because the upper surface of the base plate 17 is arc-shaped, when the forest falls onto the upper surface of the base plate 17, it is substantially in the middle position. As shown in fig. 8, two strip-shaped grooves 171 are symmetrically arranged on the bottom plate 17, and the two aligning rods 51 can slide left and right along the strip-shaped grooves 171.
When the diameter of the forest is large, the alignment rod 51 is pressed to be in an open state after the forest touches the alignment rod 51. When the two aligning rods 51 are opened, the connecting rod 52 connected in a hinged mode swings to drive the winding drum 53 to rotate, and at the moment, the traction rope 54 pulls the fixing portion to move vertically upwards to lift the center position of the blade of the crushing knife 42. The diameter of the mandrel 53 can be determined according to actual requirements. In the initial state, the distance between the two aligning rods 51 is the smallest (namely, forest trees with a larger diameter can be placed), in order to reduce the error, the initial state of the connecting rod 52 is set to be vertical (the vertical plate 172 with a larger thickness can be used to be arranged below the bottom plate 17), and the distance of the circumference of the swinging of the connecting rod 52 approaches the horizontal distance of the swinging along with the movement of the aligning rods 51. The link 52 is shown in an inclined state for convenience of illustration in the drawing, not in an actual initial state. When the forest is put in, the two aligning rods 51 can be spread. Vertical movement of the crushing blade 42 is achieved.
One side of support body 1 is provided with forest conveyor 6, and forest conveyor 6 is including articulated frame 61 of connecting in support body 1 one side, as shown in fig. 1, and frame 61 includes the many slashes 613 that the slope equidistant set up side by side and connects the horizontal pole 614 of many slashes 613 bottoms. The frame 61 is provided with a transfer plate 62 capable of sliding up and down along the frame 61, as shown in fig. 9, the bottom end of the transfer plate 62 is provided with a plurality of slots 623, the upper ends of the plurality of middle slanting rods 613 are correspondingly arranged in a T shape, and when in use, the transfer plate 62 can slide on the slanting rods 613 through the slots 623. The frame 61 is provided with a conveying plate driving mechanism 63 for driving the conveying plate 62 to reciprocate, the conveying plate driving mechanism 63 comprises a chain wheel 631, a chain 632 and a conveying plate driving motor 633, and the chain 632 is fixedly connected with the conveying plate 62. As shown in fig. 1, three rotating shafts 634 are provided between the plurality of inclined bars 613, but it is also possible to provide a plurality of inclined bars 613, and when in use, the sprocket 631 is fitted on the rotating shafts 634, and the transfer plate driving motor 633 is fixed to a side wall of the rearmost inclined bar 613.
The transmission plate 62 is hinged to a plurality of shift rods 64, and a torsion spring (not shown) is disposed at the hinged joint to keep the shift rods 64 in an inclined state in a natural state, that is, the end of the shift rod 64 is pushed to swing downwards by the action of the torsion spring. The specific implementation mode of the torsion spring is as follows: the torsion spring is sleeved on the pin shaft at the hinged joint of the stop lever 64, and two ends of the torsion spring are fixed on the transmission plate 62 and the stop lever 64. As shown in fig. 5, the circular broken line indicates a cross section of a forest, when in use, the forest is rolled over the stop lever 64 (the broken line in fig. 1 indicates the forest), the bottom end of the stop lever 64 extends upward, and when in use, when the stop lever 64 is not in contact with the ground, the bottom end of the stop lever 64 is horizontal. The bottom end of the frame 61 is provided with a plurality of protrusions 612 corresponding to the stop rods 64. When the wood turning device is used, the gear lever 64 is firstly conveyed to the position shown in the figure 5 through the conveying plate driving mechanism 63, then the woods roll over the gear lever 64, and then the conveying plate driving mechanism 63 continues to drive the gear lever 64 to move downwards. The stop lever 64 pivots upward when it contacts the protrusion 612 (i.e., the end of the stop lever 64 swings upward) to prevent the forest from sliding down the stop lever 64 when the transfer plate 62 moves upward.
A stop lever limiting mechanism is arranged between the stop lever 64 and the transmission plate 62, and comprises a limiting rod 641 which can slide on the stop lever 64 and a limiting hole 621 arranged on the transmission plate 62; the specific implementation of the stop lever 641 is: the limiting rod 641 is slidably disposed at the top end of the stop rod 64, and a sliding block 622 is disposed in the limiting hole 621; a plurality of top rods 611 corresponding to the stop rods 64 are arranged at the top end of the frame 61; each top rod 611 can slide on the frame 61, the top rod 611 and the limiting rod 641 are arranged in the same sliding manner, an open slot is respectively arranged on the slant rod 613 and the stop rod 64, a spring is arranged in the open slot, and two ends of the spring respectively abut against the inner walls of the top rod 611 and the open slot (or abut against the inner walls of the limiting rod and the open slot). The top rod 611 can eject the limiting rod 641 located in the limiting hole 621. The end parts of the top rod 611 limiting rod 641 are respectively provided with chamfers, the chamfers are shown in the drawing as fillets, so that the top rod 611 can conveniently slide into and out of the limiting hole 621, triangular notches are arranged at the positions where the top rod 611 on the conveying plate 62 slides into and out of the limiting hole 621, and the top rod 611 can conveniently slide into and out of the limiting hole 621. The trees move up under the effect of conveying board 62, and when moving the top, most trees are located the top of conveyer belt 2, and the trees can fall into on conveyer belt 2 automatically, certainly also can push manually. At this time, under the action of the top rod 611, the bottom end of the limiting rod 641 slides out of the limiting hole 621, and under the action of the torsion spring, the stop lever 64 continues to swing to the inclined state. The position of the limiting rod 641 in the drawings is. One end of the limiting rod 641 points to the center of the hinge connection of the stop rod 64, and when the end of the limiting rod 641 is located in the limiting hole 621, the top end of the stop rod 64 is perpendicular to the inclined rod 613.
Be provided with baling press 13 on the support body 1 that is located breaker 4 front ends, baling press 13 is prior art, can adopt full-automatic baling press, perhaps metal baling press for baling press 13's packing area adopts nylon and polyester as the raw materials, makes things convenient for the dismantlement in later stage. When the crushed forest is pushed to the position of the packing machine 13, the packing machine 13 packs the forest quickly. An inclined slideway 14 is arranged at the front side of the packing machine 13; the slide 14 is provided with a plurality of rotating rods 141, the packed trees finally slide down from the slide 14, and the packing machine 13 is arranged, so that the arrangement and the use in the later period can be facilitated.
For convenience of use, rollers 15 are provided at the bottom end of the frame body 1, and a frame driving hydraulic cylinder 16 is hinged between the frame 61 and the frame body 1. For convenience of illustration, only roller 15 and frame driving hydraulic cylinder 16 are shown in fig. 5, and the roller 15 is disposed at the bottom end of the frame body 1, and may be disposed in four or more numbers. By providing the frame driving hydraulic cylinder 16, when the frame body 1 is moving, in order to avoid the frame 61 from touching the obstacle, the bottom end of the frame 61 is raised by extending the piston rod of the frame driving hydraulic cylinder 16.
The frame body 1 is also provided with a controller 7, the controller 7 is in control connection with the conveying plate driving motor 633, the conveying belt 2, the chain saw driving mechanism 32, the chain saw 31, the push plate driving mechanism 43 and the packing machine 13 through lines, and the conveying belt 2 only conveys one station (the length of the cut forest) each time. The controller 7 is provided with a plurality of control buttons 71, the control buttons 71 comprise a feeding control button, a starting control button and an ending control button, and after the feeding control button is pressed down, the controller 7 controls the conveying plate 62 to move downwards through the conveying plate driving motor 633 so that the stop lever 64 swings and is limited. The controller 7 then controls the transfer plate 62 to move upward, and when moving to the top, the controller 7 returns the transfer plate 62 to the initial position by the transfer plate driving motor 633. When a start control button is pressed, the controller 7 controls the conveyor belt 2 to move a station, then the controller 7 controls the chain saw driving mechanism 32 to enable the chain saw 31 to descend, the chain saw 31 starts to cut off the forest trees, after the cutting is finished, the controller 7 controls the chain saw driving mechanism 32 to enable the chain saw 31 to ascend to an initial position, then the controller 7 continuously controls the conveyor belt 2 to move a station, meanwhile, the controller 7 controls the push plate driving mechanism 43 to enable the forest trees to move forwards and be broken into a plurality of pieces, after the action is finished, the controller 7 controls the packing machine 13 to start packing,
when the start control button is pressed, the controller 7 controls a plurality of actions to be cyclically repeated (i.e., a forest is cut into segments and broken into petals, respectively). When the end control button is pressed, all the operations are stopped, but it is also possible to provide a plurality of control buttons 71 on the controller 7, wherein each control button 71 is connected to the conveying plate driving motor 633, the conveyor belt 2, the chain saw driving mechanism 32, the chain saw 31, the push plate driving mechanism 43, and the wrapping machine 13, and each operation is controlled by the control button 71.
The use method of the invention comprises the following steps:
in the first step, the trees are rolled to the gear lever 64, and then the feeding control button is pressed down to convey the trees to the conveyor belt 2.
And secondly, pressing a starting control button to continuously finish the actions of forward movement of the trees, cutting off the trees, crushing the trees and packaging.
And thirdly, repeating the first step and the second step, continuously crushing the trees, and pressing an ending control button after the crushing is finished.
It should be noted that although the present specification describes embodiments, not every embodiment includes only a single technical solution, and such description of the specification is only for clarity, and those skilled in the art should take the specification as a whole, and the technical solutions in the embodiments may be appropriately combined to form other embodiments that can be understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (7)

1. Forest breaker, its characterized in that: the device comprises a frame body, wherein a conveying belt, a cutting device and a crushing device are arranged on the frame body;
the conveying belt is horizontally arranged on the frame body; the cutting device comprises a chain saw which is arranged on the upper side of the front end of the conveyor belt; the chain saw is connected with a chain saw driving mechanism which drives the chain saw to reciprocate in the vertical direction; the rear side of the chain saw is fixedly connected with an inverted L-shaped supporting plate, and a liftable sliding rod is arranged on the supporting plate; the bottom end of the sliding rod is fixedly connected with a horizontal pressing plate; a return spring is sleeved on the sliding rod; two ends of the reset spring are respectively propped against the supporting plate and the pressing plate;
the crushing device is arranged below the front side of the conveyor belt and comprises a push plate and a crushing knife; the push plate is connected with a push plate driving mechanism which drives the push plate to reciprocate back and forth; the crushing cutter comprises a fixing part at the bottom end and a plurality of blades arranged at the top end at equal intervals;
the fixed part is connected with a blade center aligning device, the blade center aligning device comprises aligning rods, connecting rods, a winding drum and a traction rope, and the two aligning rods are arranged in bilateral symmetry; each aligning rod is hinged with the frame body through two parallel connecting rods; two winding drums are symmetrically arranged on the left and right, each winding drum is fixed on a pin shaft which is hinged between the connecting rod and the frame body, and the pin shaft is fixedly connected with the corresponding connecting rod; the crushing cutter is characterized in that the number of the traction ropes is two, one end of each traction rope is connected with the winding drum, the other end of each traction rope penetrates through a guide hole formed in the frame body and then is connected with a fixing part of the crushing cutter, the fixing part is in a strip shape and can vertically slide in a sliding groove formed in the bottom end of the frame body, and a compression spring is sleeved on the fixing part; a tension spring is connected between each aligning rod and the frame body; the top ends of the two aligning rods extend outwards in a splayed shape.
2. The forest crusher of claim 1, wherein: friction strips are densely distributed on the surface of the conveyor belt and are triangular prisms.
3. The forest crusher of claim 1, wherein: the bottom of clamp plate sets up one row of fixed tooth.
4. The forest crusher of claim 1, wherein: a tree conveying device is arranged on one side of the frame body and comprises a frame hinged to one side of the frame body, a conveying plate capable of sliding up and down along the frame is arranged on the frame, and a conveying plate driving mechanism for driving the conveying plate to reciprocate is arranged on the frame; the transmission plate is hinged with a plurality of baffle rods, and the hinged joint is provided with a torsional spring which enables the baffle rods to keep an inclined state in a natural state; a stop lever limiting mechanism is arranged between the stop lever and the conveying plate and comprises a limiting rod capable of sliding on the stop lever and a limiting hole arranged on the conveying plate; a sliding block is arranged in the limiting hole; a plurality of ejector rods corresponding to the stop rods are arranged at the top end of the frame; chamfers are respectively arranged at the bottom end of the limiting rod and the top end of the ejector rod; each ejector rod can slide on the frame; the top rod can eject the limiting rod positioned in the limiting hole; the bottom of the frame is provided with a plurality of bulges corresponding to the stop rods.
5. A forest crusher as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the bottom of support body is provided with the gyro wheel, the frame with articulated a frame drive pneumatic cylinder of connecting between the support body.
6. The forest crusher of claim 1, wherein: a packer is arranged on the frame body positioned at the front end of the crushing device, and an inclined slide way is arranged at the front side of the packer; and a plurality of rotating rods are arranged on the slide way.
7. The forest crusher of claim 1, wherein: the chain saw is an electric saw.
CN202010689707.3A 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 Forest crusher Pending CN111775213A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010689707.3A CN111775213A (en) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 Forest crusher

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010689707.3A CN111775213A (en) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 Forest crusher

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN111775213A true CN111775213A (en) 2020-10-16

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Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2772761Y (en) * 2005-03-22 2006-04-19 青岛地恩地机电科技股份有限公司 Lifting and adjusting mechanism of table saw bit
KR100729424B1 (en) * 2005-11-24 2007-06-15 주식회사 조일 equipment for crushing waste wood
CN203254497U (en) * 2013-03-15 2013-10-30 牧羊有限公司 Log crusher
CN107379127A (en) * 2017-08-09 2017-11-24 赵文娟 A kind of adjustable machine and wood cutting
CN107379126A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-11-24 涟水县佳兴木材加工厂 A kind of timber cutter device
CN206676445U (en) * 2017-01-18 2017-11-28 东北林业大学 Brush wood pulverizer
CN207757796U (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-08-24 江西创迪科技有限公司 A kind of wood grinder
CN109159213A (en) * 2018-08-24 2019-01-08 王步熬 Segmentizing unit
CN210389553U (en) * 2019-03-11 2020-04-24 福州鑫裕协新能源有限公司 Comprehensive crusher
CN210500618U (en) * 2019-07-17 2020-05-12 攀枝花学院 Log cutting machine
CN111185969A (en) * 2020-03-25 2020-05-22 浙江派尼尔科技股份有限公司 Full-automatic chain saw sawing equipment

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2772761Y (en) * 2005-03-22 2006-04-19 青岛地恩地机电科技股份有限公司 Lifting and adjusting mechanism of table saw bit
KR100729424B1 (en) * 2005-11-24 2007-06-15 주식회사 조일 equipment for crushing waste wood
CN203254497U (en) * 2013-03-15 2013-10-30 牧羊有限公司 Log crusher
CN206676445U (en) * 2017-01-18 2017-11-28 东北林业大学 Brush wood pulverizer
CN107379126A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-11-24 涟水县佳兴木材加工厂 A kind of timber cutter device
CN107379127A (en) * 2017-08-09 2017-11-24 赵文娟 A kind of adjustable machine and wood cutting
CN207757796U (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-08-24 江西创迪科技有限公司 A kind of wood grinder
CN109159213A (en) * 2018-08-24 2019-01-08 王步熬 Segmentizing unit
CN210389553U (en) * 2019-03-11 2020-04-24 福州鑫裕协新能源有限公司 Comprehensive crusher
CN210500618U (en) * 2019-07-17 2020-05-12 攀枝花学院 Log cutting machine
CN111185969A (en) * 2020-03-25 2020-05-22 浙江派尼尔科技股份有限公司 Full-automatic chain saw sawing equipment

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