CN111760646A - Clamping machine for distributing fresh poria cocos blocks - Google Patents

Clamping machine for distributing fresh poria cocos blocks Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111760646A
CN111760646A CN202010452878.4A CN202010452878A CN111760646A CN 111760646 A CN111760646 A CN 111760646A CN 202010452878 A CN202010452878 A CN 202010452878A CN 111760646 A CN111760646 A CN 111760646A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
clamping
poria cocos
frame
centre gripping
clamping machine
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN202010452878.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王业根
Original Assignee
王业根
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Application filed by 王业根 filed Critical 王业根
Priority to CN202010452878.4A priority Critical patent/CN111760646A/en
Publication of CN111760646A publication Critical patent/CN111760646A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/02Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with reciprocating knives
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G2/00Vegetative propagation
    • A01G2/30Grafting
    • A01G2/35Cutting; Inserting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/02Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with reciprocating knives
    • B02C18/04Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/02Feeding devices

Abstract

The invention relates to a clamping machine for distributing fresh poria cocos blocks, which comprises a cutting bracket, wherein a first clamping part for clamping poria cocos on one side of a preset cutting line is arranged on the cutting bracket, a plurality of first clamping parts are arranged on the cutting bracket, a rotating mechanism drives the cutting bracket to rotate, a rotating surface is horizontal, a plurality of first clamping parts are equidistantly distributed in the circumferential direction of a rotating shaft of the cutting bracket, the first clamping parts comprise clamping frames, clamping arms are arranged at the frame openings of the clamping frames, one ends of the clamping arms are hinged with the edges of the clamping frames, hinged shafts of the clamping arms are horizontal and are arranged in parallel with the frame surfaces of the clamping frames, the clamping mechanisms drive the clamping arms to rotate and clamp the outer wall of the poria cocos, when clamping is carried out on one side of the poria cocos, the clamping mechanisms drive the clamping arms to rotate, so that the clamping arms are abutted against the surfaces of the poria cocos, and further the clamping operation on the surfaces of the poria cocos is completed, then the cutting bracket rotates to lead out the cut poria cocos.

Description

Clamping machine for distributing fresh poria cocos blocks
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of tuckahoe planting, in particular to a clamping machine for distributing tuckahoe fresh blocks.
Background
In the existing tuckahoe production, the tuckahoe yield is improved mostly by adopting a grafting technology, namely, a fresh tuckahoe is grafted at the lower end of a pine wood section full of hypha for guiding the tuckahoe to grow up. The traditional fresh poria cocos blocks are mostly cut into small blocks by adopting a cutter, and for enterprises with large cultivation amount, the fresh poria cocos is cut by special cutting equipment. However, the surface of the fresh poria cocos block obtained in the mode is a regular cutting surface, the original structure of the poria cocos block is damaged, the time required for grafting and combining the fresh poria cocos block and the pine tree section is long, the poria cocos is cultivated in the open air, the probability of reaching rainwater climate is increased if the combining time is long, and the survival rate of the poria cocos block is low once the rainwater weather is met.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a clamping machine for distributing fresh poria cocos blocks, which can enable the poria cocos blocks to naturally form cut surfaces, reduce the damage to sclerotia and improve the survival rate of the poria cocos blocks.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows.
The utility model provides a centre gripping machinery for implementing divide material to bright piece of indian bread, includes the segmentation support, is provided with on the segmentation support to be used for carrying out the first clamping part of centre gripping to the indian bread of predetermineeing segmentation line one side, first clamping part sets up a plurality ofly on being located the segmentation support, the segmentation support is connected with rotary mechanism, rotary mechanism drive segmentation support rotation and rolling plane level, first clamping part is located the rotation axis circumference direction equidistance of segmentation support and distributes a plurality ofly, first clamping part includes the centre gripping frame, the frame mouth position of centre gripping frame is provided with the centre gripping arm, the one end of centre gripping arm constitutes articulated connection with the edge of centre gripping frame, the articulated shaft level of centre gripping arm and with centre gripping frame face parallel arrangement, centre gripping mechanism drive centre gripping arm rotates and implements the centre gripping operation to the indian bread outer wall.
The invention also has the following features:
be provided with the multirow contact pin on the centre gripping arm, the multirow contact pin is fixed to the thorn of inserting of indian bread in real time, the multirow contact pin is connected with interlock mechanism, interlock mechanism drive contact pin removes and implements the puncture operation to the indian bread along the radial direction of centre gripping frame.
Poria cocos surface notching device includes the rotary disk, the centre gripping frame rotates and sets up on the rotary disk, be provided with the cantilever on the rotary disk, the overhang is provided with the incision cutter on the cantilever, in the incision cutter overhang reaches the carriage, actuating mechanism drive rotary disk rotates, and implements the circumference incision operation to the poria cocos.
The middle section of centre gripping arm is articulated with the one end of drive connecting rod, the other end of drive connecting rod is articulated with the drive ring, the articulated shaft of drive connecting rod is parallel with the articulated shaft of centre gripping arm, the below of centre gripping frame is provided with the support slide bar, the drive ring slides and sets up on supporting the slide bar, the lower extreme that the drive ring supported the slide bar sets up on the frame board, be provided with actuating mechanism on the frame board, actuating mechanism drive ring slides along supporting the slide bar.
The support slide bar is sleeved with an extrusion spring, and two ends of the spring are respectively abutted against the frame plate and the drive ring.
The invention has the technical effects that: material is led and is sent mechanism and realize in leading-in foretell first clamping part of indian bread, also can place the indian bread respectively in first clamping part through artificial mode, the realization is to the tight operation of clamp of indian bread one side, then the rotation of segmentation support through the segmentation support, and then the first clamping part that will be equipped with the indian bread transports to second clamping part position department, when implementing the centre gripping to indian bread one side, fixture drive centre gripping arm rotates, and then make centre gripping arm and indian bread surface support and lean on, and then accomplish the tight operation of clamp to indian bread surface, then the segmentation support rotates, the indian bread that will cut is derived.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of Poria cocos;
FIG. 2 is a top view of a part of the structure in a material separating machine for increasing the grafting survival rate of fresh tuckahoe blocks;
FIG. 3 is a front view of a part of the structure in a material separating machine for increasing the grafting survival rate of fresh tuckahoe blocks;
FIGS. 4 and 5 are schematic diagrams of two kinds of structures of partial structures in a material separating machine for improving the grafting survival rate of the fresh poria blocks;
FIG. 6 is a top view of the first clamping portion of the material separating machine for increasing the survival rate of the grafting of the fresh tuckahoe blocks;
FIG. 7 is a front view of the first clamping portion of the material separating machine for increasing the survival rate of the grafting of the fresh tuckahoe blocks;
FIGS. 8 and 9 are schematic diagrams of two kinds of visual structures of the first clamping part in the material separating machine for improving the grafting survival rate of the fresh poria blocks;
FIGS. 10 and 11 are two perspective structural views of a single first clamping portion;
figure 12 is a front view of a single first clamping portion and poria surface incision device;
FIGS. 13 and 14 are two views of the clamping end of a single first clamping portion;
FIG. 15 is a partial structural view of the first clamping portion;
FIGS. 16 and 17 are schematic diagrams showing two kinds of visual structures of the second clamping part in the material separating machine for increasing the grafting survival rate of the fresh poria blocks;
FIG. 18 is a front view of a second clamping portion of a material separating machine for increasing the survival rate of grafting fresh Poria cocos blocks;
FIGS. 19 and 20 are schematic structural views from two perspectives of the partial structure of the second clamping portion;
fig. 21 is a partial structural sectional view of the second clamping portion.
Detailed Description
In order that the objects and advantages of the invention will be more clearly understood, the invention will now be described in detail with reference to the following examples. It is to be understood that the following text is merely illustrative of one or more specific embodiments of the invention and does not strictly limit the scope of the invention as specifically claimed. As used herein, the terms "parallel" and "perpendicular" are not limited to their strict geometric definitions, but include tolerances for machining or human error, legibility and inconsistency;
the following will explain the material separating machine for improving the grafting survival rate of the fresh poria cocos blocks in detail with reference to the attached drawings 1 to 21:
a material separating machine for improving the grafting survival rate of fresh poria cocos blocks comprises a cutting support 10, wherein a first clamping part 20 for clamping the poria cocos on one side of a preset cutting line and a second clamping part 30 for clamping the poria cocos on the other side of the preset cutting line are arranged on the cutting support 10, the second clamping part 30 can move along a direction a relative to the first clamping part 10 after clamping the poria cocos, and the direction a is arranged corresponding to the plane where the preset cutting line is located;
referring to fig. 1, 2 to 9, and 10 to 18, a poria cocos tuber is put into a first clamping portion 20 of a cutting support 10, the first clamping portion 20 clamps one end of the poria cocos tuber, the second clamping portion 30 clamps the other end of the poria cocos tuber, and the first clamping portion 20 or the second clamping portion 30 is moved to separate the poria cocos tuber according to a preset tangent line, so that the poria cocos is broken, a natural section of the surface of the poria cocos is maintained, the damage to sclerotia sclerotium is reduced, and the survival rate of the poria cocos block is increased.
As a preferred aspect of the present invention, the second clamping portion 30 is close to or far from the first clamping portion 20, and a poria cocos surface incision device 40 is disposed beside the first clamping portion 20, wherein the poria cocos surface incision device 40 is used for performing a poria cocos surface incision operation on the first clamping portion 20;
when the poria cocos blocks are thrown, the fresh poria cocos blocks are conveyed by the material throwing belt b, and then the fresh poria cocos blocks are guided out of the first clamping part 20 through the material guiding pipe b1, so that the operation of guiding and conveying the poria cocos is completed;
when the simulation is to naturally break the poria cocos, the poria cocos surface notching device 40 firstly cuts a notch in the circumferential direction of the poria cocos, so that the surface of the poria cocos forms the notch, and then when the second clamping part 30 or the first clamping part 20 exerts the breaking force, the breaking force acts on the interior of the poria cocos, so that the poria cocos is naturally broken from the notch position, a natural section is formed, the damage of sclerotia is reduced, and the survival rate of the poria cocos blocks is improved.
As a further preferable aspect of the present invention, the second clamping portion 30 is close to or away from the first clamping portion 20, when the second clamping portion 30 is close to the first clamping portion 20 and clamps the other side of the cutting line of the poria cocos, when the second clamping portion 30 is away from the first clamping portion 20, the plane where the second clamping portion 30 and the first clamping portion 20 are located and the cutting line form an included angle and repeatedly swing;
when the poria cocos is cut, the second clamping part 30 and the first clamping part 20 are close to each other, so that one side of a tangent line to be cut of the poria cocos is clamped in the second clamping part 30, then the second clamping part 30, the first clamping part 20 and a plane where the cut line is located form a certain included angle and swing gesture repeatedly, the manual operation of breaking the poria cocos by hands of a human is simulated, the cutting operation of the poria cocos is further completed, and the poria cocos is located at the breaking position to form a natural breaking plane.
More specifically, a material guiding mechanism is arranged on the first clamping portion 20, the material guiding mechanism is used for guiding the cut materials out, a discharging mechanism is arranged on the second clamping portion 30, the guiding mechanism and the discharging mechanism respectively guide the guided materials out to an impact separation mechanism, and the impact separation mechanism is used for further dispersing the cut fresh poria cocos blocks into small poria cocos blocks;
above-mentioned indian bread piece through tentatively breaking off with fingers and thumb is located first clamping part 20 and second clamping part 30 respectively, first clamping part 20 derives the mechanism through the material and derives to the impact separating mechanism in, shedding mechanism derives the indian bread piece on the second clamping part 30 to the impact separating mechanism in, utilize impact separating mechanism, the indian bread that will break off with fingers and thumb breaks, the separation is less cubic once more, make the indian bread break that breaks off with fingers and thumb for the first time form a plurality of fritters naturally, and then make things convenient for follow-up planting personnel to break into littleer material once more with the fritter through the mode that the hand broken off with fingers and thumb, improve the survival rate of indian bread fritter.
The first clamping parts 20 are arranged on the cutting support 10 in a plurality, the cutting support 10 is connected with a rotating mechanism, the rotating mechanism drives the cutting support 10 to rotate, the rotating surface is horizontal, the first clamping parts 20 are arranged on the cutting support 10 in the circumferential direction of a rotating shaft at equal intervals, the first clamping parts 20 comprise clamping frames 21, clamping arms 22 are arranged at the frame openings of the clamping frames 21, one ends of the clamping arms 22 are hinged to the edges of the clamping frames 21, hinged shafts of the clamping arms 22 are horizontal and are arranged in parallel with the frame surfaces of the clamping frames 21, and the clamping mechanisms drive the clamping arms 22 to rotate and clamp the outer wall of the poria cocos;
the poria cocos is guided into the first clamping part 20 through the material guiding and conveying mechanism, the poria cocos can be placed in the first clamping part 20 manually, clamping operation on one side of the poria cocos is achieved, then the cutting support 10 rotates through the cutting support 10, the first clamping part 20 with the poria cocos is conveyed to the position of the second clamping part 30, when clamping on one side of the poria cocos is conducted, the clamping mechanism drives the clamping arm 22 to rotate, the clamping arm 22 is abutted to the surface of the poria cocos, clamping operation on the surface of the poria cocos is achieved, then the cutting support 10 rotates, and the cut poria cocos is guided out;
more specifically, as shown in fig. 11 to 15, a plurality of rows of pins 221 are disposed on the holding arm 22, the plurality of rows of pins 221 fix the poria cocos in real time, the plurality of rows of pins 221 are connected to an interlocking mechanism, and the interlocking mechanism drives the pins 221 to move along the radial direction of the holding frame 21 and perform the puncturing operation on the poria cocos;
in order to ensure the clamping of the poria cocos and avoid that the clamping arm 22 cannot effectively clamp one side of the poria cocos when the poria cocos is broken, when the clamping arm 22 clamps the surface of the poria cocos, the multiple rows of pins 221 rotate along with the clamping arm 22, so that the pins 221 are inserted on the surface of the poria cocos, the fixation of the poria cocos is further realized, and the clamping arm 22 is prevented from being separated from the poria cocos when the poria cocos breaking operation is carried out.
As the surface texture of the poria cocos is hard, the main fibers of the poria cocos are concentrated at the surface position, and in order to ensure that the poria cocos is effectively broken from the preset tangent position, a poria cocos surface cutting device 40 is arranged at the periphery of the first clamping part 20, the poria cocos surface cutting device 40 comprises a rotating disc 41, the clamping frame 21 is rotatably arranged on the rotating disc 41, a cantilever 42 is arranged on the rotating disc 41, a cutting tool 43 is arranged on the cantilever 42 in a hanging manner, the cutting tool 43 is arranged in the supporting frame 21 in a hanging manner, and a driving mechanism drives the rotating disc 41 to rotate and perform circumferential cutting operation on the poria cocos;
when the operation of breaking the surface of the poria cocos is performed, as shown in fig. 16 to 18, the driving mechanism is started, so that the rotating disc 41 rotates, the incision tool 43 extends into the poria cocos and performs insertion connection on the poria cocos, then the rotating disc 41 rotates, the incision tool 43 can perform incision operation along the circumferential direction of the surface of the poria cocos, and further cuts an incision on the circumferential direction of the poria cocos, so that the second clamping portion 30 is matched with the first clamping portion 20, the poria cocos is conveniently broken, it is ensured that the poria cocos can be broken according to a preset tangent line, and the poria cocos forms a natural breaking section according to the preset tangent line position, so that the damage to the sclerotium structure of the poria cocos is reduced.
More specifically, the middle section of the clamping arm 22 is hinged to one end of a driving link 23, the other end of the driving link 23 is hinged to a driving ring 24, the hinged shaft of the driving link 23 is parallel to the hinged shaft of the clamping arm 22, a supporting slide rod 25 is arranged below the clamping frame 21, the driving ring 24 is slidably arranged on the supporting slide rod 25, the lower end of the driving ring supporting slide rod 25 is arranged on a frame plate 26, a driving mechanism is arranged on the frame plate 26, and the driving mechanism drives the driving ring 24 to slide along the supporting slide rod 25;
when the clamping operation of the tuckahoe in the supporting frame 21 is performed, the driving ring 24 slides along the supporting slide rod 25, the driving link rod 23 is interlocked to move upwards, and the clamping arm 22 is further interlocked to rotate around the hinge shaft, so as to realize the clamping operation of the tuckahoe surface, and the inserting needle 221 is inserted on the tuckahoe surface, so as to realize the fixation of the tuckahoe.
In order to make the clamping arms 22 in a state of being away from each other in a normal state, facilitate the introduction of the poria cocos into the supporting frame 21 and facilitate the operation of opening the poria cocos, the supporting slide rod 25 is sleeved with an extrusion spring 251, and two ends of the spring 251 are respectively abutted against the frame plate 26 and the driving ring 24;
the extrusion spring 251 makes the driving ring 24 and the frame plate 26 far away under the action of spring force, so that the clamping arms 22 are in a state of being far away from each other in a normal state, the tuckahoe is conveniently guided into the supporting frame 21, and the clamping operation on the surface of the tuckahoe is realized in the process that the driving ring 24 is close to the frame plate 26;
more specifically, as shown in fig. 12, in order to ensure that the incision tool 43 can effectively realize incision of the poria cocos and conveniently realize incision of the poria cocos in the circumferential direction, a guiding slide bar 431 is arranged at one end of the incision tool 43 away from the cutting edge, the guiding slide bar 431 is horizontal and forms a sliding fit with one end of the cantilever 42, one end of the guiding slide bar 431 extending out of the cantilever 42 is connected with the driving plate 44, and the driving plate 44 moves vertically and is linked with the guiding slide bar 431 to slide horizontally along the cantilever 42;
the driving plate 44 is of a folded plate-shaped structure, in the process that the driving plate 44 vertically moves, the folded plate section of the driving plate 44 abuts against the guiding slide bar 431, so that the cutting tool 43 slides along the length direction of the guiding slide bar 431, the cutting tool 43 is inserted into the poria cocos, and along with the rotation of the rotating disc 41, a cut is formed in the circumferential direction of the surface of the poria cocos, and the reliability of subsequent opening of the surface of the poria cocos is ensured;
more specifically, the driving plate 44 is vertically and slidably arranged on a supporting frame 45, the lower end of the supporting frame 45 is provided with a driving ring 46, the driving ring 46 is coaxially arranged with the rotating shaft of the cutting support 10, the lower end of the driving plate 44 is provided with a first ball 441, the first ball 441 is abutted with the driving ring 46, one end of the ring surface of the driving ring 46 is arranged in a low way, and the lower end of the driving plate 44 moves along the driving ring 46 and moves to the position of the higher ring surface of the driving ring 46, so that the driving plate 44 moves upwards;
the drive plate 44 is of a folded plate-shaped structure, a second ball 4311 is arranged at the rod end of the leading-in sliding rod 431, the second ball 4311 abuts against the drive plate 44, a return spring 4312 is sleeved on the leading-in sliding rod 431, and two ends of the return spring 4312 abut against the leading-in sliding rod 431 and the drive plate 44 respectively;
since 3 to 4 first clamping parts 20 are arranged in the rotating circumferential direction of the slicing support 10, when the cutting knife 43 is guided into the tuckahoe surface to perform a tuckahoe slicing operation, the first ball 441 arranged at the lower end of the driving plate 44 abuts against the driving ring 46, and then the driving plate 44 is interlocked to slide upwards, so that the flap segment of the driving plate 44 abuts against the second ball 4311 at the end of the guiding slide rod 431, and the guiding slide rod 431 slides along the cantilever 42, so that the cutting knife 43 is inserted into the tuckahoe surface, and then the cutting of the tuckahoe surface in the circumferential direction is realized along with the rotation of the rotating disc 41;
more specifically, to realize the rotation of the rotating disc 41, the rotating disc 41 is rotatably disposed on the supporting slide rod 25, the rotating disc 41 is a gear disc and is engaged with the driving gear 411, and the driving gear 411 constitutes a driving mechanism for driving the rotating disc 41 to rotate;
the rotation of the rotating disc 41 drives the driving gear 411 to rotate through the driving mechanism, and then the driving gear 411 is linked with the rotation of the rotating disc 41, so that the incision cutter 43 can rotate on the rotating disc 41 for one circle or approximately one circle to form an incision on the surface of the poria cocos, thereby completing the incision operation on the poria cocos;
the driving plate 44 is provided with an abutting limiting ring 442, the abutting limiting ring 442 abuts against the second ball 4311, and the whole limiting device can adapt to the rotation of the slotting cutter 43;
the edge of the clamping frame 21 is provided with a buckling plate 27, the buckling plate 27 is arranged between the clamping arms 22, a separating ring 28 is arranged on the buckling plate 27, the separating ring 28 and the clamping frame 21 are arranged concentrically, the separating ring 28 is buckled with the inner side of the buckling plate 27, and the contact pin 221 extends out of a gap between the separating rings 28;
when the poria cocos is loosened, the driving ring 24 moves upwards along the supporting slide rod 25, so that the clamping arms 22 are far away from each other, and the gap between the contact pin 221 on the inner side of the clamping arm 22 and the separating ring 28 is avoided, so that the contact pin 221 is avoided from the surface of the poria cocos, the poria cocos is released, and the poria cocos is conveniently guided into a subsequent device for further splitting operation;
in order to realize the clamping operation of the poria cocos preset splitting line, the second clamping part 30 comprises a clamping cover 31 arranged above the rotating surface of the splitting support 10, a clamping head 32 is arranged in the clamping cover 31, and a clamping mechanism drives the clamping head 32 to abut against the surface of the poria cocos and clamps the poria cocos;
above-mentioned rotatory in-process of segmentation support 10 rotates to the below position of second clamping part 30, and then the clamping cover 31 is certain and implement the tight operation of clamp to the indian bread top position on the first clamping part 20 downwards, and clamping head 32 supports against with indian bread surface, and then realizes the tight operation of clamp to the indian bread, guarantees the clamp tight to the preset tangent line opposite side of indian bread, and then second clamping part 30 removes to open the operation with the indian bread off with the fingers and thumb.
More specifically, the upper end of the clamping head 32 is hinged to the inner wall of the clamping cover 31, a plurality of clamping heads 32 are arranged at intervals along the circumferential direction of the clamping cover 31, fixed puncture needles 321 are arranged in the clamping head 32, and the fixed puncture needles 321 perform a puncturing operation on the surface of the poria cocos;
in order to clamp the other side of the preset poria cocos tangent line and prevent the clamping head 32 from being separated from the other side of the poria cocos when the poria cocos is broken, the fixed pin 321 performs a puncturing operation on the surface of the poria cocos, so that the surface of the poria cocos is effectively fixed and the poria cocos is guaranteed to be broken.
As shown in fig. 19 to 21, in order to ensure the operation of breaking off the poria cocos, the lower end of the gripping head 32 is provided with a biting piece 322, the biting piece 322 is arranged perpendicular to the extending direction of the gripping head 32, and the gripping mechanism drives the biting piece 322 to extend into the poria cocos;
when the clamping head 32 performs the clamping operation on the surface of the poria cocos, the biting piece 322 bites into the interior of the poria cocos, the biting piece 322 can effectively bite into the interior of the poria cocos, the biting piece 322 can increase the contact area with the poria cocos, and when the gripping head performs the gripping operation on the poria cocos, the poria cocos can be effectively ensured to be broken from the preset incision position, so that a natural section is formed.
More preferably, the clamping mechanism comprises a clamping link 33 connected with an upper hinge shaft of the clamping head 32, an upper end of the clamping link 33 is hinged with a clamping ring 34, hinge shafts at two ends of the clamping link 33 are arranged in parallel with the hinge shaft of the clamping head 32, an upper end of the clamping cover 31 is provided with a slide rod 35, the clamping ring 34 is slidably arranged on the slide rod 35, the clamping ring 34 is connected with a piston rod of a clamping cylinder 36, the slide rod 35 is sleeved with a clamping spring 351, and two ends of the clamping spring 351 are respectively abutted against the clamping ring 34 and the clamping cover 31;
in order to drive the clamping head 32 to clamp the surface of poria cocos, the clamping cylinder 36 moves vertically downward to slide the clamping ring 34 along the slide rod 35, so that the clamping ends of the clamping connecting rods 33 approach each other, and the other end of poria cocos is clamped, and the supporting spring 351 is in a normal state to keep the clamping ends of the clamping connecting rods 33 away, so that the release of poria cocos is completed, and the broken poria cocos is conveyed to the next station for further crushing operation;
more preferably, the slide bar 35 is vertically arranged, and the upper end of the slide bar 35 is connected to the lifting frame 352, the lifting mechanism drives the slide bar 35 to vertically move, the lifting mechanism is arranged on the horizontal transfer mechanism, and the horizontal transfer mechanism is linked with the slide bar 35 to horizontally move;
when the first clamping part 20 performs clamping operation on one side of the poria cocos, after the poria cocos is transferred to the position below the second clamping part 30, the horizontal transfer mechanism is started, the clamping cover 31 is horizontally transferred to the position above the frame opening of the clamping frame 21, then the vertical mechanism is started, the clamping cover 31 vertically moves and the clamping frame 21 approaches to the rear, the clamping oil cylinder 36 is started, the clamping head 32 performs clamping operation on the other side of the poria cocos, the lifting mechanism is started, tearing operation of the poria cocos along the cut position is achieved, breaking of the poria cocos is completed, the horizontal transfer mechanism resets, the clamping oil cylinder 36 resets, the clamping head 32 is separated from the poria cocos, release of the surface of the poria cocos is achieved, and after the poria cocos is released, next-step breaking operation of the poria cocos is achieved, and further material distribution of the poria cocos is completed.
More specifically, referring to fig. 18, in order to flexibly pull the poria cocos and avoid that the nature of a separation surface formed on the surface of the poria cocos is not enough due to rigid pulling, so as to reduce damage to sclerotia, an elastic spring 355 is disposed between the upper end of the driving slide bar 35 and the elevator frame 352, and two ends of the elastic spring 355 are respectively connected to the upper end of the slide bar 35 and the elevator frame 352;
the lifting mechanism is started to move the clamping cover 31 upwards, so that the elastic spring 355 generates compression deformation, the poria cocos is pulled away elastically under the action of the elastic pressure of the elastic spring 355, and the poria cocos is pulled away from the cut position, so that the tearing operation of the poria cocos is completed, a natural section is formed on the surface of the poria cocos, and the subsequent further punching is facilitated;
the lifting mechanism comprises a lifting plate 353 arranged at the upper end of the sliding rod 35, a lifting oil cylinder 354 is arranged on the lifting rack 352, the lifting oil cylinder 354 is vertical, a piston rod of the lifting oil cylinder 354 is connected with the lifting plate 353, two groups of sliding rods 3521 are vertically arranged on the lifting rack 352, the lifting plate 353 is arranged on the two groups of sliding rods 3521 in a sliding mode, a supporting spring 3522 is sleeved on one group of sliding rods 3521, and the upper end and the lower end of the supporting spring 3522 are abutted to the lifting plate 353 and a limiting ring of the sliding rods 3521 respectively;
the lifting plate 353 comprises two support plates which are vertically matched in a sliding manner, the support plates are arranged at intervals, and the elastic spring 355 is arranged between the support plates to realize elastic support of the two support plates of the lifting plate 353 and realize elastic tearing of poria cocos so as to enable the poria cocos to form a natural section;
the horizontal transfer mechanism comprises a rodless cylinder 356 which is horizontally arranged, and a piston slide block of the rodless cylinder 356 is connected with the lifting frame 352, so that the horizontal transfer of the clamping cover 31 is realized;
more specifically, to accomplish the discharging operation of the poria cocos, the discharging mechanism includes a discharging track 36 provided at the side of the support frame 352 of the cage 31, the discharging crawler 36, the material guiding mechanism comprises a movable discharging plate 29 arranged at the bottom of the supporting frame 21, the movable discharging plate 29 forms the bottom of the supporting frame 21, one side of the movable discharging plate 29 is hinged with one side of the supporting frame 21, a hinged shaft is horizontally arranged, the lower end of the movable discharging plate 29 is movably provided with a discharging rod 291, the lower end of the discharging rod 291 is abutted against the discharging rail 292, the discharge rail 292 vertically moves and causes the movable discharge plate 29 to vertically move upwards, a guide bar is arranged beside the movable discharge plate 29, the material guide rod is used for driving the poria cocos on the movable discharging plate 29 to the guiding-out sloping plate 293, and the lower end of the guiding-out sloping plate 293 is arranged above the discharging crawler 36;
after the clamping cover 31 is turned over, the clamping head 32 in the clamping cover 31 is separated from the clamping cover 31, so that one end of the poria cocos is released onto the discharging crawler 36, and the discharging operation of the poria cocos is completed; when the discharging rod 291 abuts against the discharging rail 292, as the discharging rail 292 abuts against and rises, the movable discharging plate moves upwards and locks the rotation of the cutting support 10, the discharging plate 29 and the guiding rod are driven out to the guiding sloping plate 293 and guided out to the discharging track 36 by the guiding sloping plate 293, so as to realize the further processing operation of the poria cocos.
The following describes the method for dividing fresh poria cocos blocks;
the method for cutting the fresh poria cocos blocks comprises the following steps:
firstly, cleaning and guiding poria cocos with uniform size into a poria cocos feeding mechanism, and respectively guiding the poria cocos into a first clamping part 20 by using the poria cocos feeding mechanism;
secondly, starting a driving mechanism of the first clamping part 20, and clamping and positioning the outer surface of the poria cocos by using a clamping arm 22 on the first clamping part 20;
thirdly, starting a rotating mechanism, so that the first clamping part 20 is transferred to a position below the second clamping part 30 and stops rotating;
fourthly, starting a lifting mechanism of the second clamping part 30 to enable a clamping cover 31 of the second clamping part 30 to vertically move downwards and to be buckled with a clamping frame 21 of the first clamping part 20, so that the other side of the poria cocos is guided into the clamping cover 31 of the second clamping part 30, and starting a clamping oil cylinder 36 to clamp the other side of the poria cocos;
fifthly, starting the lifting mechanism and the horizontal transfer mechanism to enable the clamping cover 31 of the second clamping part 30 to be far away from the clamping frame 21, so as to realize the tearing operation of the poria cocos and the horizontal transfer of the clamping cover 31;
sixthly, resetting the clamping oil cylinder 36 to release the poria cocos in the clamping cover 31, so that the poria cocos is released onto the discharging crawler belt 36 to guide the poria cocos into the impact separation mechanism for further cutting operation;
seventhly, the first clamping part 20 continues to rotate, the poria cocos in the clamping frame 21 is unloaded onto the guiding inclined plate 293 through the material guiding mechanism, and the poria cocos is guided into the impact separation mechanism for further cutting operation;
and eighthly, repeating the second step to the seventh step until the poria cocos in the whole feeding mechanism is completely crushed by impact, preserving the crushed poria cocos, distributing the preserved poria cocos to a poria cocos planting farm as soon as possible, and planting the poria cocos in time.

Claims (7)

1. A clamping machine for implementing the distribution of fresh poria cocos blocks is characterized in that: comprises a cutting bracket (10), a first clamping part (20) for clamping the tuckahoe at one side of a preset cutting line is arranged on the cutting bracket (10), a plurality of first clamping parts (20) are arranged on the cutting bracket (10), the cutting bracket (10) is connected with the rotating mechanism, the rotating mechanism drives the splitting support (10) to rotate and the rotating surface is horizontal, a plurality of first clamping parts (20) are equidistantly distributed in the circumferential direction of a rotating shaft of the splitting support (10), the first clamping part (20) comprises a clamping frame (21), a clamping arm (22) is arranged at the frame opening of the clamping frame (21), one end of the clamping arm (22) is hinged with the edge of the clamping frame (21), articulated shaft level and the parallel arrangement of centre gripping frame (21) frame face of centre gripping arm (22), fixture drive centre gripping arm (22) rotate and implement the centre gripping operation to the indian bread outer wall.
2. The clamping machine for separating fresh poria cocos blocks as claimed in claim 5, wherein the clamping machine comprises: be provided with multirow contact pin (221) on centre gripping arm (22), multirow contact pin (221) are fixed to the thorn of inserting of indian bread in real time, multirow contact pin (221) are connected with interlock mechanism, interlock mechanism drive contact pin (221) move and implement the puncture operation to the indian bread along the radial direction of centre gripping frame (21).
3. The clamping machine for separating fresh poria cocos blocks as claimed in claim 7, wherein the clamping machine comprises: the middle section of centre gripping arm (22) is articulated with the one end of drive link (23), the other end and the drive ring (24) of drive link (23) are articulated, the articulated shaft of drive link (23) is parallel with the articulated shaft of centre gripping arm (22), the below of centre gripping frame (21) is provided with supports slide bar (25), drive ring (24) slide and set up on supporting slide bar (25), the lower extreme that the drive ring supported slide bar (25) sets up on frame board (26), be provided with actuating mechanism on frame board (26), actuating mechanism drive ring (24) slide along supporting slide bar (25).
4. The clamping machine for separating fresh poria cocos blocks as claimed in claim 8, wherein the clamping machine comprises: the supporting slide rod (25) is sleeved with an extrusion spring (251), and two ends of the spring (251) are respectively abutted against the frame plate (26) and the driving ring (24).
5. The clamping machine for separating fresh poria cocos blocks as claimed in claim 13, wherein the clamping machine comprises: the utility model discloses a clamp device, including centre gripping frame (21), buckle (27), separation ring (28) and centre gripping frame (21), the clearance between separation ring (28) is stretched out in contact pin (221).
6. The clamping machine for separating fresh poria cocos blocks as claimed in claim 5, wherein the clamping machine comprises: the utility model discloses a support frame, including braced frame (21), bracing frame (21) bottom is provided with movable stripper (29), movable stripper (29) constitute the frame end of braced frame (21), the lower extreme activity be provided with discharge bar (291), the lower extreme and the track (292) of unloading of discharge bar (291) support and lean on, the vertical removal of track (292) of unloading just makes movable stripper (29) vertical lift, the side of movable stripper (29) is provided with the guide bar, the guide bar is used for catching up the indian bread piece on movable stripper (29) to deriving swash plate (293).
7. Improve branch material machinery of bright piece grafting survival rate of indian bread, its characterized in that: the material separating machine for improving the grafting survival rate of the fresh poria cocos blocks comprises the clamping machine for separating the fresh poria cocos blocks according to any one of claims 1 to 6.
CN202010452878.4A 2020-05-26 2020-05-26 Clamping machine for distributing fresh poria cocos blocks Withdrawn CN111760646A (en)

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CN202010452878.4A CN111760646A (en) 2020-05-26 2020-05-26 Clamping machine for distributing fresh poria cocos blocks

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JPH09109079A (en) * 1995-10-16 1997-04-28 Kubota Corp Robot hand for vegetable with head
JP2002191340A (en) * 2000-12-27 2002-07-09 Jiro Kobayashi Scooping depth-adjusting device of root core-removing device in onion-peeling machine
EP2923586A1 (en) * 2014-03-27 2015-09-30 Seditec S.A. Strawberry cutting machine
CN106473171A (en) * 2016-10-11 2017-03-08 吴爱兵 A kind of pericarpium granati automatic cutting platform
CN108888141A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-11-27 候海宾 A kind of shedding motion of two-way reversible type cutting macadamia shell
CN109109003A (en) * 2018-08-30 2019-01-01 江苏新光数控技术有限公司 A kind of secured catching robot
CN209185651U (en) * 2018-08-13 2019-08-02 南京鑫倍泽物联科技有限公司 A kind of lower material clamping device for fruit orange extraction robot
CN110774302A (en) * 2019-12-10 2020-02-11 天津君昊齿轮加工有限公司 Manipulator suitable for different gears snatch
CN111070300A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-04-28 邢台职业技术学院 Rotary clamping mechanism for cutting off pineapple bottom stem
CN210452772U (en) * 2019-06-28 2020-05-05 深圳市爱康生物科技有限公司 Be applied to many connecting rods centre gripping tongs of reaction cup

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH09109079A (en) * 1995-10-16 1997-04-28 Kubota Corp Robot hand for vegetable with head
JP2002191340A (en) * 2000-12-27 2002-07-09 Jiro Kobayashi Scooping depth-adjusting device of root core-removing device in onion-peeling machine
EP2923586A1 (en) * 2014-03-27 2015-09-30 Seditec S.A. Strawberry cutting machine
CN106473171A (en) * 2016-10-11 2017-03-08 吴爱兵 A kind of pericarpium granati automatic cutting platform
CN108888141A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-11-27 候海宾 A kind of shedding motion of two-way reversible type cutting macadamia shell
CN209185651U (en) * 2018-08-13 2019-08-02 南京鑫倍泽物联科技有限公司 A kind of lower material clamping device for fruit orange extraction robot
CN109109003A (en) * 2018-08-30 2019-01-01 江苏新光数控技术有限公司 A kind of secured catching robot
CN210452772U (en) * 2019-06-28 2020-05-05 深圳市爱康生物科技有限公司 Be applied to many connecting rods centre gripping tongs of reaction cup
CN110774302A (en) * 2019-12-10 2020-02-11 天津君昊齿轮加工有限公司 Manipulator suitable for different gears snatch
CN111070300A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-04-28 邢台职业技术学院 Rotary clamping mechanism for cutting off pineapple bottom stem

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