CN111733782A - Municipal administration is rubbish choked flow device for river course - Google Patents

Municipal administration is rubbish choked flow device for river course Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111733782A
CN111733782A CN202010477873.7A CN202010477873A CN111733782A CN 111733782 A CN111733782 A CN 111733782A CN 202010477873 A CN202010477873 A CN 202010477873A CN 111733782 A CN111733782 A CN 111733782A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
garbage
driving motor
shaft
river
fixed
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Granted
Application number
CN202010477873.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111733782B (en
Inventor
侯音
刘颖
杨丽英
马春香
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Heilongjiang College of Construction
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Heilongjiang College of Construction
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Priority to CN202010477873.7A priority Critical patent/CN111733782B/en
Publication of CN111733782A publication Critical patent/CN111733782A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN111733782B publication Critical patent/CN111733782B/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B15/00Cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water; Apparatus therefor
    • E02B15/04Devices for cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water from oil or like floating materials by separating or removing these materials
    • E02B15/06Barriers therefor construed for applying processing agents or for collecting pollutants, e.g. absorbent

Abstract

A garbage flow blocking device for a municipal river relates to river cleaning equipment. The drive shaft transversely sets up in the river course top, the spoiler suit is on the drive shaft, the lower extreme is fixed with the balancing weight, be equipped with a driving lever between every two adjacent spoilers, the driving lever is fixed with the drive shaft, two axle sleeves rotate and install at the drive shaft both ends, the axle sleeve is equipped with the guide bar and slides the cartridge respectively in the sleeve of mounting base, the guide bar suit is equipped with the pressure spring, one of them mounting base is equipped with slide rail slidable mounting electric cabinet, be equipped with the electrical system who is used for controlling driving motor in the electric cabinet, driving motor and drive shaft hookup transmission, the drive shaft is to two conductive contact contacts of backward displacement contact, driving motor rotates, driving motor time delay stall after conductive. When garbage is more, the garbage can be dumped in the garbage groove, the driving motor stops rotating in a delayed mode, dumping of the garbage is not affected, and labor intensity is reduced.

Description

Municipal administration is rubbish choked flow device for river course
Technical Field
The invention relates to river channel cleaning equipment, in particular to a garbage flow blocking device for a municipal river channel.
Background
Whether environmental factors or human factors often cause a large amount of garbage to float in municipal riverways, and the garbage drifts along with the riverways and causes greater environmental pollution to cities if not cleaned in time. Because municipal river course is generally shallower, mechanical power's rubbish clearance ship is difficult to float on the river course, can only artifically clear up the rubbish in the river course through light wooden boat is manual generally, and this kind of mode is very wasted time and energy, not only causes great physical burden to the workman, also can cause harm to workman's healthy in the rubbish of long-time body department moreover. Therefore, a garbage flow blocking device suitable for municipal rivers is needed to reduce the labor intensity of workers.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a garbage flow blocking device for a municipal river, which can control a driving motor to rotate when a large amount of garbage blocking flow is blocked, dump the garbage into a garbage groove through a deflector rod, stop the rotation of the driving motor in a delayed manner, avoid the influence on the dumping of the garbage, and is simple and practical, and labor intensity is reduced.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: a garbage flow blocking device for a municipal river comprises a driving shaft, an electric cabinet, a garbage groove, two shaft sleeves, two mounting bases, a plurality of spoilers and a plurality of shift levers, wherein the driving shaft is transversely arranged above the river, sleeves are respectively arranged at the upper ends of the spoilers and are sleeved on the driving shaft at equal intervals, balancing weights are fixed at the lower ends of the spoilers, a through groove is formed in the middle of the surface of each spoiler, an isolation net is fixed on the middle of the surface of each spoiler, a guide plate is fixed on the front surface of each spoiler, the transverse section of each guide plate is V-shaped, the tip of each guide plate faces the front, a plurality of water passing notches are formed in each guide plate, one shift lever is arranged between every two adjacent spoilers, the upper ends of the shift levers are fixedly connected with the driving shaft, the two shaft sleeves are rotatably mounted at the two ends, the two guide rods are respectively inserted in the corresponding sleeves in a sliding manner, the end parts of the guide rods are provided with anti-falling chucks, a pressure spring is sleeved between the shaft sleeve and the sleeve on each guide rod, a slide rail is arranged on the upper surface of one of the mounting bases along the direction of the river channel, an electric cabinet is arranged on the slide rail in a sliding way, an electric control system for controlling the driving motor is arranged in the electric cabinet, an output shaft of the driving motor extends out of the electric cabinet to be connected with the driving shaft for transmission, the shaft sleeve and the sleeve which are adjacent to the electric cabinet are respectively provided with a support arm and fixed with a conductive contact, the driving shaft overcomes the elasticity of the pressure spring and moves backwards to enable the two conductive contacts to be contacted, at the moment, the electric control system controls the driving motor to rotate, and the two conductive contacts are separated and then the driving motor is driven to stop rotating in a delayed mode, the garbage groove is fixedly arranged behind the driving shaft, and the groove wall of the garbage groove, which is adjacent to the driving shaft, is obliquely arranged and is provided with a plurality of grooves for the deflector rod to penetrate through.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the garbage blocking device has the advantages that a good blocking effect on garbage in a river channel can be achieved, when more garbage blocks the spoiler, the driving shaft can be moved backwards, the electric control system controls the driving motor to rotate when the two conductive contacts are in contact, the deflector rod on the driving shaft can lift the garbage blocked by the spoiler to dump in the garbage groove, so that the spoiler continues to block the garbage, the driving motor stops rotating in a delayed mode after the two conductive contacts are separated, dumping of the garbage cannot be influenced, the structure is reasonable, effective, simple and practical, manual labor intensity is greatly reduced, and the garbage blocking device has high popularization and use values.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is an isometric view of the overall construction of a municipal river waste flow stop device of the invention;
FIG. 2 is an isometric view of an assembled arrangement of the spoiler, the shift lever and the drive shaft of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an isometric view of the assembly structure of the drive shaft and the electric cabinet of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of portion A of FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is an isometric view of the refuse chute of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a functional block diagram of the electronic control system of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the invention, rather than all embodiments, and all other embodiments obtained by those skilled in the art without any creative work based on the embodiments of the present invention belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
The first embodiment is as follows: as shown in fig. 1 to 6, the invention discloses a municipal river channel garbage flow blocking device, which comprises a driving shaft 1, an electric cabinet 10, a garbage groove 12, two shaft sleeves 6, two mounting bases 7, a plurality of spoilers 2 and a plurality of shift levers 5, wherein the driving shaft 1 is transversely arranged above a river channel, the upper ends of the spoilers 2 are respectively provided with a sleeve which is sleeved on the driving shaft 1 at equal intervals, the lower ends of the spoilers 2 are fixed with balancing weights 3, the middle of the plate surfaces of the spoilers 2 is provided with a through groove and is fixed with an isolation net 2-1, the front surfaces of the spoilers 2 are fixed with a guide plate 4, the transverse section of the guide plate 4 is in a V shape, the tip end of the guide plate faces forward, the guide plate 4 is provided with a plurality of water passing notches 4-1, one shift lever 5 is arranged between every two adjacent spoilers 2, the upper end of the shift lever 5, each shaft sleeve 6 is provided with a guide rod 6-1 which is integrally formed with the shaft sleeve in a backward horizontal extending mode, the two mounting bases 7 are respectively provided with a sleeve 7-1, the two guide rods 6-1 are respectively inserted into the corresponding sleeves 7-1 in a sliding mode, the end portions of the guide rods are provided with anti-falling clamping heads, a pressure spring 8 is sleeved between the shaft sleeve 6 and the sleeve 7-1 on each guide rod 6-1, the upper surface of one of the mounting bases 7 is provided with a sliding rail 9 along the river channel direction, an electric cabinet 10 is installed on the sliding rail 9 in a sliding mode, an electric control system for controlling a driving motor is arranged in the electric cabinet 10, an output shaft of the driving motor extends out of the electric cabinet 10 to be connected with the driving shaft 1 for transmission, supporting arms are respectively arranged on the shaft sleeve 6 and the sleeve 7-1 which are adjacent to the electric cabinet 10 and are fixed with conductive contacts 11, and the driving, at the moment, the electric control system controls the driving motor to rotate, the driving motor stops rotating in a delayed mode after the two conductive contacts 11 are separated, the garbage bin 12 is fixedly arranged behind the driving shaft 1, and the bin wall, adjacent to the driving shaft 1, of the garbage bin 12 is obliquely arranged and is provided with a plurality of grooves 12-1 through which the shifting rod 5 can penetrate.
The second embodiment is as follows: as shown in fig. 6, in this embodiment, a first specific embodiment is further described, the electric control system includes a power-off delay time relay and a low-voltage control power supply for supplying power to the power-off delay time relay, the power-off delay time relay and the low-voltage control power supply are controlled to be switched on or off by two conductive contacts 11, the driving motor is externally connected with a high-voltage working power supply and is controlled by the power-off delay time relay, the power-off delay time relay instantly switches on the driving motor and the high-voltage working power supply when the two conductive contacts 11 are in contact, and the power-off delay time relay switches off the driving motor and the high-voltage working power supply in a delay manner after the two conductive contacts 11 are separated.
The third concrete implementation mode: as shown in fig. 2, in the present embodiment, a first embodiment is further described, two side end surfaces of the spoiler 2 are respectively fixed with a brush 2-2 in a full length, and a space between two adjacent brushes 2-2 is smaller than a width of the shift lever 5.
The fourth concrete implementation mode: as shown in fig. 4, this embodiment is further described as a first embodiment, and the two conductive contacts 11 are covered with a protective cover to prevent the two conductive contacts from being exposed.
The fifth concrete implementation mode: as shown in fig. 5, the present embodiment is further described with respect to the first embodiment, and the installation wing plates 12-2 are fixed to both ends of the trash can 12.
Referring to fig. 1, two mounting bases 7 are respectively fixed at suitable positions of river edges at two sides of a river channel through bolts, a driving shaft 1 is transversely arranged above the river channel and is adjacent to the river surface, a garbage groove 12 is adjacently positioned behind the driving shaft 1, mounting wing plates 12-2 are fixed with the river edges at two sides of the river channel through bolts, a plurality of flow baffles 2 are suspended below the driving shaft 1 and sink into the river, the upper ends of the flow baffles 2 are rotatably connected with the driving shaft 1, a balancing weight 3 is fixed at the lower ends of the flow baffles 2, the flow baffles 2 are always suspended below the driving shaft 1 when the driving shaft 1 rotates, a deflector rod 5 arranged between the flow baffles 2 is fixed with the driving shaft 1 and rotates along with the driving shaft, river water flows away through a water gap 4-1 and an isolation net 2-1, garbage in the river is blocked by a guide plate 4, the guide plate 4 transversely breaks into a V shape and, referring to fig. 3 and 4, when the blocked garbage blocks the water gap 4-1, the river water is difficult to move backwards by driving the driving shaft 1 to overcome the elastic force of the compression spring 8 through the spoiler 2, and in the moving process, the electric cabinet 10 is slidably connected with the slide rail 9 on the mounting base 7 and can move along with the driving shaft, the shaft sleeves 6 arranged at the two ends of the driving shaft 1 are rotated to move backwards to compress the compression spring 8 until the two conductive contacts 11 are contacted, as shown in fig. 6, the power-off time-delay type time relay is instantly connected with the driving motor and the high-voltage working power supply, and in combination with the illustration of fig. 1, the driving motor drives the driving shaft 1 to rotate, the deflector rod 5 on the driving shaft 1 rotates along with the driving shaft to lift the garbage blocked between the spoilers 2 to play a role in dredging, the two conductive contacts 11 are separated under the elastic action of the compression spring 8, the driving motor can still rotate for a period of time, as shown in fig. 5, the deflector rod 5 dumps the garbage into the garbage groove 12, the groove wall of the garbage groove 12 adjacent to the driving shaft 1 is inclined to slide the garbage to the rear, the deflector rod 5 passes through the groove 12-1 to continuously rotate, the end faces of two sides of the spoiler 2 are fixed with the brushes 2-2, the interval between two adjacent brushes 2-2 is smaller than the width of the deflector rod 5, and the deflector rod 5 plays a certain role in blocking the garbage when not between the spoiler 2.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a rubbish choked flow device for municipal administration river course which characterized in that: the river channel garbage collection device comprises a driving shaft (1), an electric cabinet (10), a garbage groove (12), two shaft sleeves (6), two mounting bases (7), a plurality of spoilers (2) and a plurality of deflector rods (5), wherein the driving shaft (1) is transversely arranged above a river channel, sleeves are respectively arranged at the upper ends of the spoilers (2) and are sleeved on the driving shaft (1) at equal intervals, balancing weights (3) are fixed at the lower ends of the spoilers (2), through grooves are formed in the middle of the surface of each spoiler (2) and are fixed with isolation nets (2-1), a guide plate (4) is fixed on the front surface of each spoiler (2), the transverse section of each guide plate (4) is V-shaped, the tip of each guide plate faces the front, a plurality of water passing openings (4-1) are formed in each guide plate (4), one deflector rod (5) is arranged between every two adjacent spoilers (2), and the, the two shaft sleeves (6) are rotatably arranged at two ends of a driving shaft (1), each shaft sleeve (6) is provided with a guide rod (6-1) integrally formed with the shaft sleeve (6) in a backward and horizontal extending mode, the two mounting bases (7) are respectively provided with a sleeve (7-1), the two guide rods (6-1) are respectively inserted into the corresponding sleeves (7-1) in a sliding mode, the end portions of the guide rods (6-1) are provided with anti-falling clamping heads, a pressure spring (8) is sleeved between each shaft sleeve (6) and each sleeve (7-1) on each guide rod (6-1), the upper surface of one mounting base (7) is provided with a sliding rail (9) along the river channel direction, an electric cabinet (10) is arranged on each sliding rail (9) in a sliding mode, an electric control system used for controlling the driving motor is arranged in each electric cabinet (10), and the output shaft of the driving, the shaft sleeve (6) and the sleeve (7-1) which are adjacent to the electric cabinet (10) are respectively and oppositely provided with a support arm and are fixed with conductive contacts (11), the driving shaft (1) overcomes the elastic force of the pressure spring (8) to move backwards so that the two conductive contacts (11) are contacted, at the moment, the electric control system controls the driving motor to rotate, the driving motor stops rotating in a delayed mode after the two conductive contacts (11) are separated, the garbage groove (12) is fixedly arranged behind the driving shaft (1), and the garbage groove (12) and the groove wall adjacent to the driving shaft (1) are obliquely arranged and are provided with a plurality of grooves (12-1) through which the deflector rod (5) can pass.
2. The municipal river waste flow blocking device of claim 1, wherein: the electric control system comprises a power-off delay type time relay and a low-voltage control power supply for supplying power to the electric control system, the power-off delay type time relay is connected or disconnected under the control of two conductive contacts (11) between the low-voltage control power supply, the driving motor is externally connected with a high-voltage working power supply and is controlled by the power-off delay type time relay, the driving motor is instantly switched on by the power-off delay type time relay when the two conductive contacts (11) are contacted with the high-voltage working power supply, and the driving motor and the high-voltage working power supply are switched off in a delayed manner by the power-off delay type time relay after the two conductive contacts (11.
3. The municipal river waste flow blocking device of claim 1, wherein: the end faces of two sides of the spoiler (2) are respectively fixed with brushes (2-2) in a through length mode, and the interval between every two adjacent brushes (2-2) is smaller than the width of the deflector rod (5).
4. The municipal river waste flow blocking device of claim 1, wherein: the two conductive contacts (11) are covered with protective covers for isolating and avoiding exposure.
5. The municipal river waste flow blocking device of claim 1, wherein: and mounting wing plates (12-2) are fixed at two ends of the garbage groove (12).
CN202010477873.7A 2020-05-29 2020-05-29 Municipal administration is rubbish choked flow device for river course Active CN111733782B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010477873.7A CN111733782B (en) 2020-05-29 2020-05-29 Municipal administration is rubbish choked flow device for river course

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010477873.7A CN111733782B (en) 2020-05-29 2020-05-29 Municipal administration is rubbish choked flow device for river course

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CN111733782A true CN111733782A (en) 2020-10-02
CN111733782B CN111733782B (en) 2021-07-20

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Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4554079A (en) * 1983-11-03 1985-11-19 Basf Wyandotte Corporation Immiscible liquid collector and method of operation
US5201607A (en) * 1990-08-23 1993-04-13 Whidden Jr Malcolm B Value assembly for inflating and deflating chambers of a floatable boom
CN101131902A (en) * 2007-08-10 2008-02-27 同济大学 High-voltage circuit-breaker time-delay pilot switch adopting compressed spring over-center mechanism
CN206635735U (en) * 2017-04-07 2017-11-14 浙江长兴宏盈建设工程有限公司 A kind of sewage blocking device of convenient use
CN107724354A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-02-23 成都净享科技有限公司 A kind of river regulation rubbish blocking apparatus
CN107761687A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-03-06 杨萍平 A kind of water surface refuse disposal system
CN108517849A (en) * 2018-06-11 2018-09-11 李晓云 A kind of river surface rubbish choke apparatus of municipal administration
CN208072354U (en) * 2018-02-01 2018-11-09 新昌县鸿吉电子科技有限公司 A kind of municipal administration river garbage reducing-flow structure
CN209040092U (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-06-28 中国环境科学研究院 A kind of interception and its processing unit for river pollution of area source
CN210262976U (en) * 2019-03-25 2020-04-07 费海宇 River course floater cleaning device for hydraulic engineering

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4554079A (en) * 1983-11-03 1985-11-19 Basf Wyandotte Corporation Immiscible liquid collector and method of operation
US5201607A (en) * 1990-08-23 1993-04-13 Whidden Jr Malcolm B Value assembly for inflating and deflating chambers of a floatable boom
CN101131902A (en) * 2007-08-10 2008-02-27 同济大学 High-voltage circuit-breaker time-delay pilot switch adopting compressed spring over-center mechanism
CN206635735U (en) * 2017-04-07 2017-11-14 浙江长兴宏盈建设工程有限公司 A kind of sewage blocking device of convenient use
CN107761687A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-03-06 杨萍平 A kind of water surface refuse disposal system
CN107724354A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-02-23 成都净享科技有限公司 A kind of river regulation rubbish blocking apparatus
CN208072354U (en) * 2018-02-01 2018-11-09 新昌县鸿吉电子科技有限公司 A kind of municipal administration river garbage reducing-flow structure
CN108517849A (en) * 2018-06-11 2018-09-11 李晓云 A kind of river surface rubbish choke apparatus of municipal administration
CN209040092U (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-06-28 中国环境科学研究院 A kind of interception and its processing unit for river pollution of area source
CN210262976U (en) * 2019-03-25 2020-04-07 费海宇 River course floater cleaning device for hydraulic engineering

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