CN111731737A - Automatic pile up neatly unstacker of pocket - Google Patents

Automatic pile up neatly unstacker of pocket Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111731737A
CN111731737A CN202010550571.8A CN202010550571A CN111731737A CN 111731737 A CN111731737 A CN 111731737A CN 202010550571 A CN202010550571 A CN 202010550571A CN 111731737 A CN111731737 A CN 111731737A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
conveyor
bag
unstacking
stacking
cart
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010550571.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张中利
卫沅
董振乐
路菲
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Henan University of Science and Technology
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Henan University of Science and Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Henan University of Science and Technology filed Critical Henan University of Science and Technology
Priority to CN202010550571.8A priority Critical patent/CN111731737A/en
Publication of CN111731737A publication Critical patent/CN111731737A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G1/00Storing articles, individually or in orderly arrangement, in warehouses or magazines
    • B65G1/02Storage devices
    • B65G1/04Storage devices mechanical
    • B65G1/0407Storage devices mechanical using stacker cranes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G1/00Storing articles, individually or in orderly arrangement, in warehouses or magazines
    • B65G1/02Storage devices
    • B65G1/04Storage devices mechanical
    • B65G1/0492Storage devices mechanical with cars adapted to travel in storage aisles

Abstract

The invention relates to an automatic stacking and unstacking machine for material bags. Automatic pile up neatly unstacker of pocket includes: the walking cart is used for reciprocating walking in the warehouse along the front-back direction; the cart conveyor is arranged on the walking cart and extends along the front-back direction so as to convey the material bags along the left-right direction; the walking trolley walks on the walking cart in a reciprocating manner along the left and right directions; the stacking conveying equipment is arranged on the corresponding travelling trolley and is used for stacking the material bags conveyed by the trolley conveyor; the unstacking conveying equipment is arranged on the corresponding travelling trolley and used for disassembling the stacked material bags and conveying the stacked material bags to the cart conveyor, and the unstacking conveying equipment and the stacking conveying equipment are positioned on the same side of the cart conveyor; and the two material bag conveyors are respectively a material bag input conveyor and a material bag output conveyor, one of the two material bag conveyors is positioned at the left end of the cart conveyor, the other one of the two material bag conveyors is positioned at the right end of the cart conveyor, and the two material bag conveyors extend along the front-back direction so as to convey material bags along the front-back direction.

Description

Automatic pile up neatly unstacker of pocket
Technical Field
The invention relates to an automatic stacking and unstacking machine for material bags.
Background
In the industries of chemical fertilizer, flour, starch, feed, salt and the like, the products are generally packaged by material bags, and because the yield is high, the packaged material bags are usually stacked on the ground of a storehouse by a stacker crane or stacked on a tray for turnover stacking in the storehouse. The material bags are stacked on the trays, so that more trays are occupied, and the investment cost is higher; the material bags are directly stacked on the ground of a storehouse, a large number of trays can be saved, cost is reduced, but when unstacking and loading are carried out, the movable belt conveyor is usually placed near the stacked material bags, workers move the material bags to one end of the movable belt conveyor, and then the material bags are unloaded from the other end of the movable belt conveyor and loaded, and the mode has the advantages of low automation degree, high labor intensity of the workers and low working efficiency.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an automatic pocket stacking and unstacking machine, which solves the technical problems that in the prior art, the automation degree of pockets is low and the labor intensity of workers is high during unstacking.
In order to realize the aim, the technical scheme of the automatic pocket stacking and unstacking machine is as follows:
automatic pile up neatly unstacker of pocket includes:
the walking cart is used for reciprocating walking in the warehouse along the front-back direction;
the cart conveyor is arranged on the walking cart and extends along the front-back direction so as to convey the material bags along the left-right direction;
the walking trolley walks on the walking cart in a reciprocating manner along the left and right directions;
the stacking conveying equipment is arranged on the corresponding travelling trolley and is used for stacking the material bags conveyed by the trolley conveyor;
the unstacking conveying equipment is arranged on the corresponding travelling trolley and used for disassembling the stacked material bags and conveying the stacked material bags to the cart conveyor, and the unstacking conveying equipment and the stacking conveying equipment are positioned on the same side of the cart conveyor;
the material bag conveyor is arranged at the left end or the right end of the cart conveyor and extends along the front-back direction to convey material bags along the front-back direction, and the cart conveyor can rotate forwards and backwards; or:
the two material bag conveyors are respectively a material bag input conveyor and a material bag output conveyor, one of the two material bag conveyors is arranged at the left end of the cart conveyor, the other one of the two material bag conveyors is arranged at the right end of the cart conveyor, and the two material bag conveyors extend along the front-back direction to convey material bags along the front-back direction.
The beneficial effects are that: when the automatic pocket stacking and unstacking machine is used for stacking pockets conveyed by the cart conveyor on the ground of a storehouse automatically through stacking conveying equipment, trays are saved, and cost is reduced; when the stacking and loading are needed, the stacked material bags are automatically stacked through the stacking and conveying equipment, and the material bags are loaded after being sent out by the cart conveyor, so that the number of workers is saved, the labor efficiency is reduced, and the working efficiency is improved.
Further, the stacking and conveying equipment comprises a stacking conveyor, a stacking and bag blocking device and a bag releasing device;
the stacking bag blocking device is arranged at the input end of the stacking conveyor and used for steering the material bags on the cart conveyor to the stacking conveyor;
and the bag placing device is arranged at the output end of the stacking conveyor and is used for stacking the material bags conveyed by the stacking conveyor in the storehouse.
The beneficial effects are that: the bag blocking device is arranged at the input end of the stacking conveyor, so that the material bags can be conveniently turned.
Furthermore, the number of the material bag conveyors is two, the two material bag conveyors are respectively a material bag input conveyor and a material bag output conveyor, and the stacking conveying equipment is arranged between the unstacking conveying equipment and the material bag input conveyor.
The beneficial effects are that: the number of the bag conveyors is two, so that the cart conveyor does not need to be changed in direction, and the control is convenient; and moreover, the stacking conveying equipment is arranged between the unstacking conveying equipment and the material bag input conveyor, and the stacking and unstacking of the automatic material bag stacking unstacker can be realized without changing the position of the stacking bag blocking device.
Furthermore, the number of the material bag conveyors is one, and the unstacking conveying equipment is arranged between the stacking conveying equipment and the material bag conveyors.
The beneficial effects are that: the number of the material bag conveyors is one, so that the occupied space of the automatic material bag stacking and unstacking machine can be reduced; moreover, the unstacking conveying equipment is arranged between the stacking conveying equipment and the material bag conveyor, and the stacking and unstacking of the automatic material bag stacking unstacker can be realized without changing the position of the stacking bag blocking device.
Further, the automatic pocket stacking and unstacking machine comprises a ground rail, and the walking cart walks on the ground rail.
The beneficial effects are that: the walking cart walks on the ground track, so that the stacking conveying equipment and the unstacking conveying equipment on the walking cart correspond to the middle position of the stacking height, the pitching amplitude of the stacking conveying equipment and the unstacking conveying equipment cannot be too large, and the stacking conveying equipment and the unstacking conveying equipment are favorable for conveying material bags.
Furthermore, the stacking conveyor is hinged to the corresponding walking trolley and driven by the stacking lifting device to pitch around the corresponding hinged point.
The beneficial effects are that: through articulating the unstacking conveyor on the walking trolley, the pitching adjustment around the corresponding hinged point is facilitated through the driving of the unstacking lifting device.
Further, the two material bag conveyors are respectively a material bag input conveyor and a material bag output conveyor, and the cart conveyor is lower than the material bag input conveyor and higher than the material bag output conveyor.
The beneficial effects are that: the design is more favorable for the steering conveying of the material bag.
Further, the unstacking and conveying equipment comprises an unstacking conveyor and an unpacking device;
the stacking conveyor is hinged on the corresponding walking trolley and is driven by the unstacking lifting device to pitch and adjust around the corresponding hinged point;
and the unpacking device is arranged at the input end of the unstacking conveyor and is used for disassembling the stacked material bags onto the unstacking conveyor.
The beneficial effects are that: through articulating the stacking conveyor on the walking trolley, the stacking conveyor is convenient to drive to adjust around a corresponding hinged point in a pitching mode through the unstacking lifting device.
Further, the automatic pocket stacking and unstacking machine further comprises a stacking guide frame and an unstacking guide frame;
the stacking guide frame is arranged on the corresponding travelling trolley and corresponds to the stacking conveying equipment so as to guide the material bag on the cart conveyor to fall on the stacking conveying equipment;
the unstacking guide frame is arranged on the corresponding walking trolley and corresponds to the unstacking conveyor to guide the material bags on the unstacking conveying equipment to fall on the cart conveyor.
The beneficial effects are that: the stacking guide frame is arranged, so that the diverted material bag can fall on the stacking conveyor conveniently; through setting up the guide frame that breaks a jam, be favorable to breaking a jam the pocket on the conveyer and drop on cart conveyer.
Further, the stacking conveying equipment and the unstacking conveying equipment share the walking trolley.
The beneficial effects are that: simplify the overall structure of the automatic pocket stacking and unstacking machine and be convenient for controlling the movement of the walking trolley.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a top view of an embodiment 1 of the automatic pocket stacking and unstacking machine of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a front view of the automatic bag palletizing unstacker (de-palletizing conveyor apparatus) of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of the bag placing device in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a front view of the automatic bag palletizer (de-palletizing conveyor apparatus) of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the unpacking device in FIG. 4;
in the figure: 1-feeding material bags into a conveyor; 2-a second bag blocking device; 3-cart track; 4-a walking cart; 5-trolley rail; 6-a palletizing conveyor; 7-a bag placing device; 71-placing a bag frame; 72-a drive cylinder; 73-a transmission rod; 74-placing a packing plate; 75-a support bar; 8-unpacking means; 81-upper roller conveyor; 82-a lower roller conveyor; 9-unstacking conveyor; 10-bag output conveyor; 11-a first bag blocking device; 12-a walking trolley; 13-cart conveyor; 14-a pallet guide frame; 15-a palletizing motor; 16-stacking lug plates; 17-a stacking fixed pulley; 18-a palletizing pull rope; 19-material bag; 20-unstacking guide frame; 21-a destacking motor; 22-unstacking lug plate; 23-unstacking fixed pulley; 24-unstacking pull cord.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the detailed description and specific examples, while indicating the preferred embodiment of the invention, are intended for purposes of illustration only and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention. The components of embodiments of the present invention generally described and illustrated in the figures herein may be arranged and designed in a wide variety of different configurations.
Thus, the following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention, presented in the figures, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, as claimed, but is merely representative of selected embodiments of the invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments of the present invention without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It is noted that relational terms such as "first" and "second," and the like, may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus. Without further limitation, an element defined by the phrase "comprising an … …" does not exclude the presence of other identical elements in a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises the element. Furthermore, the terms "upper" and "lower" are based on the orientation and positional relationship shown in the drawings and are only for convenience of description of the present invention, and do not indicate that the referred device or component must have a specific orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
The features and properties of the present invention are described in further detail below with reference to examples.
The specific embodiment 1 of the automatic pocket stacking and unstacking machine of the invention comprises:
as shown in fig. 1 and 2, the automatic bag stacking and unstacking machine comprises a traveling cart 4 and a traveling trolley 12, cart rails 3 are arranged in a warehouse, the number of the cart rails 3 is two, the two cart rails 3 extend in parallel in the front-rear direction, and the traveling cart 4 travels back and forth on the two cart rails 3. In this embodiment, the traveling cart 4 is formed by welding steel plates and is provided with a servo motor, and the traveling cart 4 travels in the front-rear direction at a certain distance according to the need of stacking or unstacking. The front-back direction in this embodiment corresponds to the length direction of the warehouse.
In this embodiment, the left end of the traveling cart 4 is provided with the pocket input conveyor 1, the right end of the traveling cart 4 is provided with the pocket output conveyor 10, and the traveling cart 4 is located between the pocket input conveyor 1 and the pocket output conveyor 10 in the left-right direction. Wherein, the pocket input conveyor 1 and the pocket output conveyor 10 are both belt conveyors.
Wherein, a cart conveyor 13 is arranged on the walking cart 4, the cart conveyor 13 is a belt conveyor, and the height of the cart conveyor 13 is lower than that of the material bag input conveyor 1 and higher than that of the material bag output conveyor 10; thus, when the automatic pocket stacking and unstacking machine is used for stacking, the pockets 19 on the pocket input conveyor 1 are favorably transferred to the cart conveying belt 13, and when the automatic pocket stacking and unstacking machine is used for unstacking, the pockets 19 on the cart conveying machine 13 are favorably transferred to the pocket output conveyor 10.
In order to transfer the material bags 19 on the material bag input conveyor 1 to the cart conveying belt 13, the second bag blocking device 2 is fixedly arranged at the left end of the traveling cart 4, the second bag blocking device 2 travels along with the traveling cart 4 in the front-rear direction, and the second bag blocking device 2 obliquely extends from front to back and from left to right. During stacking, the material bag 19 on the material bag input conveyor 1 is blocked after colliding with the second bag blocking device 2, and is changed in direction to fall onto the cart conveyor 13, so that the material bag 19 is transferred. Wherein the second bag blocking device 2 is a vertical conveyor in the prior art.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the cart 4 is provided with two cart rails 5, the cart rails 5 extend in parallel in the left-right direction, and the cart 12 reciprocates in the left-right direction on the two cart rails 5. In this embodiment, the traveling trolley 12 is formed by welding steel plates and is provided with a servo motor, and the traveling trolley 12 travels in the left-right direction for a certain distance according to the stacking or unstacking requirement. The left and right directions in this embodiment correspond to the width direction of the warehouse.
As shown in fig. 1, a stacking conveyor 6 and an unstacking conveyor 9 are arranged on a traveling trolley 12, the stacking conveyor 6 and the unstacking conveyor 9 are both arranged on the front side of the traveling trolley 12, the stacking conveyor 6 and the unstacking conveyor 9 extend in parallel in the left-right direction, and the stacking conveyor 6 is located between the unstacking conveyor 9 and the pocket input conveyor 1, that is, the stacking conveyor 6 is located on the left side of the unstacking conveyor 9. Wherein, the stacking conveyor 6 and the unstacking conveyor 9 are both belt conveyors.
As shown in fig. 2, the rear end of the pallet conveyor 6 is hinged to the travelling trolley 12, the front end of the pallet conveyor 6 is provided with a packing device 7, and the hinged position of the pallet conveyor 6 is located at the front side of the cart conveyor 13 and lower than the cart conveyor 13.
In order to transfer the material bags 19 on the cart conveying belt 13 to the palletizing conveyor 6, as shown in fig. 1 and 2, a first bag blocking device 11 is fixedly arranged at the rear part of the travelling trolley 12, the first bag blocking device 11 travels along with the travelling trolley 12 in the left-right direction, and the first bag blocking device 11 extends obliquely from front to back and from right to left. During palletizing, the material bag 19 on the cart conveyor belt 13 is blocked after meeting the first blocking device 11, and is changed in direction to fall onto the palletizing conveyor 6, so that the material bag 19 is transferred. The first bag blocking device 11 forms a stacking bag blocking device, and the first bag blocking device is a vertical conveyor in the prior art.
In this embodiment, the bag placing device 7, the stacking conveyor 6 and the first bag blocking device 11 together form a stacking conveying device.
As shown in fig. 2, a pallet guide frame 14 is fixedly arranged on the traveling trolley 12, and the pallet guide frame 14 is positioned at the front side of the cart conveyor 13 and is arranged corresponding to the pallet conveyor 6 so as to guide the diverted material bag 19 to fall on the pallet conveyor 6, which is favorable for the diverted material bag 19 to fall on the pallet conveyor 6.
Wherein, pile up neatly guide frame 14 includes vertical fixed plate and slope guide board, and vertical fixed plate is fixed on walking dolly 12, and the slope guide board sets up at the top of vertical fixed plate, and the rear end of slope guide board is less than cart conveyer 13, and the front end of slope guide board is higher than the rear end of pile up neatly conveyer 6, and the rear end of slope guide board is higher than the front end of slope guide board.
In this embodiment, the inclination angle of the pallet conveyor 6 is adjusted through the pallet lifting device, the pallet lifting device comprises a pallet motor 15, a pallet fixed pulley 17, a pallet pulling rope 18 and a pallet lug plate 16, the pallet motor 15 and the pallet lug plate 16 are fixedly arranged on a walking trolley 12, the pallet fixed pulley 17 is rotatably assembled on the walking trolley 12, one end of the pallet pulling rope 18 is connected to the pallet lug plate 16, the other end of the pallet pulling rope is connected to a winding device driven by the pallet motor 15, and the inclination angle adjustment of the pallet conveyor 6 is realized through the rotation of the pallet motor 15. Wherein, the stacking pull rope 18 is a steel wire rope.
Wherein, put a packet device 7 and keep the level all the time through the pull rod (not shown) on pile up neatly conveyer 6 in the inclination adjustment process, put a packet device 7 and keep the level all the time through the pull rod mode belongs to the current mature technology, does not describe here again.
As shown in fig. 3, the bag placing device 7 comprises a bag placing frame 71, two driving cylinders 72 and a bag placing plate 74 are arranged in the bag placing frame 71, the two driving cylinders 72 extend along the vertical direction, two transmission rods 73 are hinged on the telescopic rod of each driving cylinder 72, and a support rod 75 is connected between the two transmission rods 73 oppositely arranged in the left-right direction; two bag placing plates 74 are arranged, the opposite ends of the two bag placing plates 74 are hinged to the bag placing frame 71, the opposite ends of the two bag placing plates 74 are movable ends, and the middle positions of the two bag placing plates 74 are supported on the supporting rod 75.
During bag placing operation, the material bag 19 is conveyed to the two bag placing plates 74 by the stacking conveyor 6, the bag placing plates 74 are supported by the supporting rods 75, so that the material bag cannot fall off from the bag placing device 7 immediately, after the position of the material bag is proper, the controller controls the driving cylinder 72 to work, the telescopic rod extends out to drive the supporting rods 75 to move downwards through the driving rods 73, and the two bag placing plates 74 are opened under the action of the weight of the material bag and fall off due to the fact that the bag placing plates 74 lose the support of the supporting rods 75; then, the controller controls the telescopic rod to retract, the telescopic rod drives the supporting rod 75 to move upwards through the transmission rod 73, and the supporting rod 75 supports the package placing plate 74 at the closed position again for the next package placing operation.
As shown in fig. 4, the rear end of the unstacking conveyor 9 is hinged on the traveling trolley 12, the front end of the unstacking conveyor 9 is provided with the unpacking device 8, and the hinged position of the unstacking conveyor 9 is positioned at the front side of the cart conveyor 13 and higher than the cart conveyor 13. The unpacking device 8 and the unstacking conveyor 9 together form an unstacking conveying apparatus.
As shown in fig. 4, the traveling trolley 12 is fixedly provided with an unstacking guide 20, and the unstacking guide 20 is arranged at the front side of the trolley conveyor 13 and corresponds to the unstacking conveyor 9 so as to guide the material bags 19 on the unstacking conveyor 9 to fall on the trolley conveyor 13, thereby facilitating the material bags 19 on the unstacking conveyor 9 to fall on the trolley conveyor 13.
Wherein, guide frame 20 breaks a jam includes slope fixed plate and slope guide board, and the slope fixed plate is fixed on walking dolly 12, and the slope guide board sets up at the top of slope fixed plate, and the rear end of slope guide board is higher than cart conveyer 13, and the front end of slope guide board is less than the rear end of conveyer 9 that breaks a jam, and the front end of slope guide board is higher than the rear end of slope guide board.
In this embodiment, the inclination angle of the unstacking conveyor 9 is adjusted through the unstacking lifting device, the unstacking lifting device comprises an unstacking motor 21, an unstacking fixed pulley 23, an unstacking pull rope 24 and an unstacking lug plate 22, the unstacking motor 21 and the unstacking lug plate 22 are both fixedly arranged on the walking trolley 12, the unstacking fixed pulley 23 is rotatably assembled on the walking trolley 12, one end of the unstacking pull rope 24 is connected to the unstacking lug plate 22, the other end of the unstacking pull rope is connected to a winding device driven by the unstacking motor 21, and the inclination angle of the unstacking conveyor 9 is adjusted through rotation of the unstacking motor 21. Wherein the unstacking pull rope 24 is a steel wire rope.
As shown in fig. 5, the unpacking device 8 includes an upper roller conveyor 81 and a lower roller conveyor 82 arranged at an interval in the up-down direction, the upper roller conveyor 81 being used for removing the stacked pockets 19, and the lower roller conveyor 82 being used for receiving the pockets 19 removed by the upper roller conveyor 81 to convey the pockets 19 onto the unstacking conveyor 9.
In this embodiment, the cart track 3 is a ground track, and the traveling cart 4 travels on the ground track, so that the hinge positions of the palletizing conveyor 6 and the unstacking conveyor 9 of the traveling cart 12 correspond to the middle position of the stacking height, and thus, the inclination angles of the palletizing conveyor 6 and the unstacking conveyor 9 during upward movement and downward movement are not too large, which is beneficial to the palletizing conveyor 6 and the unstacking conveyor 9 to convey the material bags 19.
The automatic pocket stacking and unstacking machine in the embodiment is provided with an electric control system and a sensing detection device based on PLC control, each step of the components operates, the sensing detection device and the control system control the coordinated operation according to actual needs, and the automatic stacking and the automatic unstacking are realized, and the specific process is as follows:
during stacking, the packaged material bags 19 are conveyed from the material bag input conveyor 1, are turned to fall onto a cart conveyor 13 after being blocked by a second bag blocking device 2, are turned to fall onto a stacking conveyor 6 after being blocked by a first bag blocking device 11, are automatically stacked on a bag placing device 7, are stacked layer by layer from left to right or from right to left along the width direction, are stacked one by one in each layer, are moved by the moving trolley 12 by the width of one layer, are stacked completely in one layer, are adjusted by the stacking lifting device to enable the bag placing device 7 to ascend by the height of one layer, are stacked one by one in the upper layer, and are sequentially stacked layer by layer, after one row of the width is stacked to the required height or the required number of layers, the walking cart 4 walks backwards by the length distance of one packet, and then is stacked layer by layer to the height of one row, so that stacking is sequentially carried out backwards.
When unstacking is carried out, according to the reverse sequence and direction of stacking, the unpacking device 8 unpacks a bag of material bags 19, then sends the bag to the unstacking conveyor 8, then sends the bag to the cart conveyor 13, then sends the bag to the material bag output conveyor 10, and finally sends the bag to a rear car loader for loading, wherein the unpacking sequence is that the unpacking device 8 unlocks layer by layer from right to left or from left to right along the width direction, each unpacking bag in one layer is moved, the walking trolley 12 walks the width of the one bag, the unpacking of one layer is finished, the unstacking lifting device adjusts the inclination angle of the unpacking conveyor 9 to enable the unpacking device 8 to descend the height of the one bag, then the unpacking of the next layer is carried out, the unpacking is moved back and forth layer by layer in sequence, after one line of width is unpacked layer by layer, the walking trolley 4 walks the length distance of one bag forward, then the material bags in one line are unpacked layer by layer, and then the unpacking of the material bags 19 is carried out forward in.
When the automatic material bag stacking and unstacking machine in the embodiment is used for stacking, conveyed material bags are automatically stacked on the ground of a storehouse, trays are saved, and cost is reduced; when the stacking and loading are needed, the stacked material bags can be automatically stacked, and the material bags are loaded after being sent out by the material bag output conveyor, so that the number of workers is saved, the labor efficiency is reduced, and the work efficiency is improved.
The specific embodiment 2 of the automatic pocket stacking and unstacking machine of the invention comprises:
the difference from the specific embodiment 1 is that in the embodiment 1, two bag conveyors are provided, namely a bag input conveyor 1 and a bag output conveyor 10, during stacking, a bag 19 is conveyed from the bag input conveyor 1, is turned to fall onto a cart conveyor 13 after being blocked by a second bag blocking device 2, is turned to fall onto a stacking conveyor 6 after being blocked by a first bag blocking device 11, and then is automatically placed on a bag placing device 7 for stacking; when the stack is disassembled, the unpacking device 8 unpacks a packing material bag 19, then sends the packing material bag to the unpacking conveyor 9, then sends the packing material bag to the cart conveyor 13, then sends the packing material bag to the material bag output conveyor 10, and finally sends the packing material bag to a following car loader for loading. In the embodiment, one material bag conveyor is arranged, namely only one material bag is input into the conveyor, and the height of the material bag input conveyor is consistent with that of the cart conveyor; during stacking, the material bags are conveyed from the material bag input conveyor, are guided to fall onto the cart conveyor after being blocked by the second bag blocking device, are guided to fall onto the stacking conveyor by the first bag blocking device, and are automatically discharged and stacked on the bag discharging device; when the stack is disassembled, the unpacking device unpacks a material bag, then sends the material bag to the unpacking conveyor, then sends the material bag to the cart conveyor (the cart conveyor reversely conveys the material bag), and then sends the material bag to the material bag input conveyor, wherein in order to avoid the first bag blocking device and the second bag blocking device blocking the material bag, the two bag blocking devices need to be controlled to lift. In other embodiments, the unpacking conveyor may be arranged between the palletizing conveyor and the bag feeding conveyor, so that the first bag retaining means need not be lifted during the unpacking, and the second bag retaining means may be lifted, or the second bag retaining means may not be changed, but the bag feeding conveyor is conveyed in the opposite direction.
The specific embodiment 3 of the automatic pocket stacking and unstacking machine of the invention comprises:
the difference from embodiment 1 is that in embodiment 1 the palletizing conveyor 6 is located between the de-stacking conveyor 9 and the bag-feeding conveyor 1, so that the bags can be conveyed from the cart conveyor to the bag-discharging conveyor without lifting the second bag-blocking device during de-stacking. In this embodiment, the unstacking conveyor is located between the stacking conveyor and the material bag input conveyor, so that when unstacking is performed, the second bag blocking device needs to be lifted, and the material bag can be conveyed to the material bag output conveyor by the cart conveyor.
The specific embodiment 4 of the automatic pocket stacking and unstacking machine of the invention:
the difference from the specific embodiment 1 is that in the embodiment 1, the first bag blocking device 11 and the second bag blocking device 2 are both vertical conveyors to change the direction of the material bag, and in the embodiment, the first bag blocking device and the second bag blocking device are both bag blocking steering plates to change the direction of the material bag.
The specific embodiment 5 of the automatic pocket stacking and unstacking machine of the invention:
the difference from embodiment 1 is that in embodiment 1, the unstacking lifting device adjusts the inclination angle of the unstacking conveyor by winding the unstacking pull rope through the unstacking motor, and the palletizing lifting device adjusts the inclination angle of the palletizing conveyor by winding the palletizing pull rope through the palletizing motor. In this embodiment, the unstacking lifting device and the stacking lifting device are both telescopic cylinders, and the inclination angles of the stacking conveyor and the unstacking conveyor are adjusted through the telescopic cylinders.
The specific embodiment 6 of the automatic pocket stacking and unstacking machine of the invention:
the difference from the specific embodiment 1 is that in the embodiment 1, the bag placing device 7 includes a bag placing frame 71, a bag placing plate 74 is hinged on the bag placing frame 71, a driving cylinder 72 is arranged in the bag placing frame, and the driving cylinder 72 is in transmission connection with the bag placing plate 74 to drive the bag placing plate 74 to open and close. In this embodiment, two are put the package board and articulate on putting the package frame and all be connected with the reset spring, and when no pocket, two are put the package board and are in the off-state under corresponding reset spring's effect, and when having the pocket, the pocket overcomes the elastic force of reset spring and will put the package board and open to realize the pile up neatly of pocket, wherein, reset spring is the cover and establishes the articulated epaxial torsional spring of package board for putting. In other embodiments, the return spring may be a tension spring.
The specific embodiment 7 of the automatic pocket stacking and unstacking machine of the invention:
the difference from embodiment 1 is that in embodiment 1, the unpacking device 8 includes an upper roller conveyor 81 and a lower roller conveyor 82 which are arranged at an interval in the up-down direction, the upper roller conveyor 81 is used for detaching the stacked pockets 19, and the lower roller conveyor 82 is used for receiving the pockets 19 detached from the upper roller conveyor 81 to convey the pockets 19 to the unstacking conveyor 9. In this embodiment, unpacking device includes sucking disc subassembly and lower roller conveyor of direction interval arrangement from top to bottom, and the sucking disc subassembly can roll the conveyer relatively down and remove in the front and back direction, and when breaking a jam, sucking disc subassembly moves forward to adsorb the pocket through the sucking disc of sucking disc subassembly, later sucking disc subassembly carries the pocket and moves backward, and after moving down roller conveyor on, unclamp the pocket, the pocket falls on roller conveyor down, and carries to on the conveyer of breaking a jam. In other embodiments, the lower roller conveyor is not arranged, the sucker component can move relative to the unstacking conveyor in the front-back direction, the sucker component moves forwards when unstacking is carried out, the material bag is adsorbed by the sucker of the sucker component, then the sucker component carries the material bag to move backwards, and after the material bag is moved to the unstacking conveyor, the material bag is loosened, and the material bag falls on the unstacking conveyor.
In other embodiments, the unpacking device may be the unpacking device disclosed in comparison file RU2056336C 1.
The specific embodiment 8 of the automatic pocket stacking and unstacking machine of the invention:
the difference from the embodiment 1 is that in the embodiment 1, the palletizing conveyor and the unstacking conveyor share one traveling trolley 12 to realize the reciprocating motion of the palletizing conveyor and the unstacking conveyor in the left-right direction, in the embodiment, two traveling trolleys are provided, the palletizing conveyor is arranged on one of the two traveling trolleys, and the unstacking conveyor is arranged on the other one of the two traveling trolleys to realize the reciprocating motion of the palletizing conveyor and the unstacking conveyor in the left-right direction.
The specific embodiment of the automatic pocket stacking and unstacking machine of the invention 9:
the difference from embodiment 1 is that in embodiment 1, a first bag arresting device 11 is provided at the rear end of the pallet conveyor 6 to divert bags on the cart conveyor 13 onto the pallet conveyor 6. In this embodiment, the rear end of the stacking conveyor is not provided with the first bag blocking device, but a platform is arranged on the rear side of the cart conveyor, and the platform is provided with a pushing mechanism which pushes the material bag to the stacking conveyor after the material bag is conveyed to a position corresponding to the stacking conveyor, so as to realize the turning of the material bag. The pushing mechanism comprises an air cylinder, a pushing plate is arranged at the driving end of the air cylinder, and the pushing plate pushes the material bag when the driving end extends out.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and not intended to limit the present invention, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended claims, and all structural changes that can be made by using the contents of the description and the drawings of the present invention are intended to be embraced therein.

Claims (10)

1. Automatic pile up neatly unstacker of pocket, its characterized in that includes:
the walking cart is used for reciprocating walking in the warehouse along the front-back direction;
the cart conveyor is arranged on the walking cart and extends along the front-back direction so as to convey the material bags along the left-right direction;
the walking trolley walks on the walking cart in a reciprocating manner along the left and right directions;
the stacking conveying equipment is arranged on the corresponding travelling trolley and is used for stacking the material bags conveyed by the trolley conveyor;
the unstacking conveying equipment is arranged on the corresponding travelling trolley and used for disassembling the stacked material bags and conveying the stacked material bags to the cart conveyor, and the unstacking conveying equipment and the stacking conveying equipment are positioned on the same side of the cart conveyor;
the material bag conveyor is arranged at the left end or the right end of the cart conveyor and extends along the front-back direction to convey material bags along the front-back direction, and the cart conveyor can rotate forwards and backwards; or:
the two material bag conveyors are respectively a material bag input conveyor and a material bag output conveyor, one of the two material bag conveyors is arranged at the left end of the cart conveyor, the other one of the two material bag conveyors is arranged at the right end of the cart conveyor, and the two material bag conveyors extend along the front-back direction to convey material bags along the front-back direction.
2. An automatic pocket palletizer as in claim 1, wherein the palletizing conveyor device comprises a palletizing conveyor, a palletizing packet blocking device and a packet releasing device;
the stacking bag blocking device is arranged at the input end of the stacking conveyor and used for steering the material bags on the cart conveyor to the stacking conveyor;
and the bag placing device is arranged at the output end of the stacking conveyor and is used for stacking the material bags conveyed by the stacking conveyor in the storehouse.
3. An automatic bag palletizing unstacker according to claim 2, wherein the number of bag conveyors is two, namely a bag input conveyor and a bag output conveyor, and the palletizing conveyor device is arranged between the unstacking conveyor device and the bag input conveyor.
4. An automatic bag palletizing and unstacking machine as claimed in claim 2, characterised in that the number of bag conveyors is one, the unstacking conveyor being located between the palletizing conveyor and the bag conveyors.
5. An automatic bag palletizing and unstacking machine as in any one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that it comprises a ground track on which the travelling cart travels.
6. An automatic pocket palletizer as claimed in any one of claims 2 to 4, characterized in that said palletizing conveyors are hinged on respective travelling carriages and are driven by a palletizing lifting device to be regulated in pitch about respective hinge points.
7. An automatic pocket palletizer according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein two pocket conveyors are provided, a pocket input conveyor and a pocket output conveyor respectively, the cart conveyor being lower than the pocket input conveyor and higher than the pocket output conveyor.
8. An automatic pocket palletizer as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 4, characterised in that the unstacking conveyor device comprises an unstacking conveyor and an unpacking device;
the stacking conveyor is hinged on the corresponding walking trolley and is driven by the unstacking lifting device to pitch and adjust around the corresponding hinged point;
and the unpacking device is arranged at the input end of the unstacking conveyor and is used for disassembling the stacked material bags onto the unstacking conveyor.
9. An automatic pocket palletizer according to any one of claims 1 to 4, further comprising a palletizing guide and an unstacking guide;
the stacking guide frame is arranged on the corresponding travelling trolley and corresponds to the stacking conveying equipment so as to guide the material bag on the cart conveyor to fall on the stacking conveying equipment;
the unstacking guide frame is arranged on the corresponding walking trolley and corresponds to the unstacking conveyor to guide the material bags on the unstacking conveying equipment to fall on the cart conveyor.
10. An automatic pocket palletizer according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the travelling trolley is shared by the palletizing conveyor device and the unstacking conveyor device.
CN202010550571.8A 2020-06-16 2020-06-16 Automatic pile up neatly unstacker of pocket Pending CN111731737A (en)

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CN202010550571.8A CN111731737A (en) 2020-06-16 2020-06-16 Automatic pile up neatly unstacker of pocket

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010550571.8A CN111731737A (en) 2020-06-16 2020-06-16 Automatic pile up neatly unstacker of pocket

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2056336C1 (en) * 1992-05-08 1996-03-20 Геннадий Леонидович Чукарин Unstacker
CN202389961U (en) * 2011-12-21 2012-08-22 符坤 Material bag stacking and destacking integrated machine
CN102658944A (en) * 2012-05-04 2012-09-12 韩建渠 Un-stacking and stacking machine
CN202609599U (en) * 2012-04-28 2012-12-19 符坤 Material bag stacking and unstacking machine
CN203187105U (en) * 2013-03-14 2013-09-11 符坤 Automatic material bag stacking machine
CN107082291A (en) * 2017-06-13 2017-08-22 平原县三兴饲料厂 A kind of feedbag entrucking palletizing apparatus and palletizing method, storage medium

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2056336C1 (en) * 1992-05-08 1996-03-20 Геннадий Леонидович Чукарин Unstacker
CN202389961U (en) * 2011-12-21 2012-08-22 符坤 Material bag stacking and destacking integrated machine
CN202609599U (en) * 2012-04-28 2012-12-19 符坤 Material bag stacking and unstacking machine
CN102658944A (en) * 2012-05-04 2012-09-12 韩建渠 Un-stacking and stacking machine
CN203187105U (en) * 2013-03-14 2013-09-11 符坤 Automatic material bag stacking machine
CN107082291A (en) * 2017-06-13 2017-08-22 平原县三兴饲料厂 A kind of feedbag entrucking palletizing apparatus and palletizing method, storage medium

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