CN111730480A - Dry pressing ceramic tube outer wall polishing equipment and polishing method - Google Patents

Dry pressing ceramic tube outer wall polishing equipment and polishing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111730480A
CN111730480A CN202010714896.5A CN202010714896A CN111730480A CN 111730480 A CN111730480 A CN 111730480A CN 202010714896 A CN202010714896 A CN 202010714896A CN 111730480 A CN111730480 A CN 111730480A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
grinding
moving
plate
ceramic tube
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CN202010714896.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴宪
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Anhui Tianhe Ruitong Information Technology Co ltd
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Anhui Tianhe Ruitong Information Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202010714896.5A priority Critical patent/CN111730480A/en
Publication of CN111730480A publication Critical patent/CN111730480A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/0076Other grinding machines or devices grinding machines comprising two or more grinding tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/02Frames; Beds; Carriages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies
    • B24B41/067Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies radially supporting workpieces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B5/00Machines or devices designed for grinding surfaces of revolution on work, including those which also grind adjacent plane surfaces; Accessories therefor
    • B24B5/02Machines or devices designed for grinding surfaces of revolution on work, including those which also grind adjacent plane surfaces; Accessories therefor involving centres or chucks for holding work
    • B24B5/04Machines or devices designed for grinding surfaces of revolution on work, including those which also grind adjacent plane surfaces; Accessories therefor involving centres or chucks for holding work for grinding cylindrical surfaces externally
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B5/00Machines or devices designed for grinding surfaces of revolution on work, including those which also grind adjacent plane surfaces; Accessories therefor
    • B24B5/36Single-purpose machines or devices
    • B24B5/363Single-purpose machines or devices for grinding surfaces of revolution in situ
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B5/00Machines or devices designed for grinding surfaces of revolution on work, including those which also grind adjacent plane surfaces; Accessories therefor
    • B24B5/50Machines or devices designed for grinding surfaces of revolution on work, including those which also grind adjacent plane surfaces; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of the material of non-metallic articles to be ground, e.g. strings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/06Dust extraction equipment on grinding or polishing machines

Abstract

The invention discloses a dry-pressing ceramic tube outer wall polishing device and a polishing method in the technical field of dry-pressing ceramic tube processing, and the device comprises a base, a fixed plate, a fixed frame and a movable frame, wherein the fixed frame and the movable frame are respectively provided with a positioning assembly; the two ends of the ceramic tube are fixed through the positioning assemblies, polishing is more stable, and therefore polishing quality is guaranteed.

Description

Dry pressing ceramic tube outer wall polishing equipment and polishing method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of dry pressing ceramic tube processing, in particular to a device and a method for polishing the outer wall of a dry pressing ceramic tube.
Background
The ceramic is a material and various products prepared by crushing, mixing, molding and calcining clay serving as a main raw material and various natural minerals. The object which is made of pottery clay and is fired at high temperature in a special kiln is called as ceramic, and the ceramic is a general name of pottery and porcelain. The traditional concept of ceramics refers to all artificial industrial products which take inorganic nonmetallic minerals such as clay and the like as raw materials. The main production areas of the ceramics are Jingdezhen, Gao' an, Fengcheng, Nuanxiang, Foshan, Chaozhou, Dehua, Lingling, Zibo and the like.
It includes various products made up by using clay or clay-containing mixture through the processes of mixing, forming and calcining. Ranging from the coarsest earthenware to the finest fine ceramics and porcelain. The main raw material of the ceramic is silicate mineral (such as clay, quartz and the like) in nature, so the ceramic and the ceramic belong to the category of silicate industry with industries such as glass, cement, enamel, refractory materials and the like.
Ceramics are classified by use and include daily ceramics such as tableware, tea set, jar, basin, pot, plate, dish, bowl; artistic (craft) ceramics, such as vases, sculptures, garden ceramics, utensils, furnishings, and the like; industrial ceramics refer to ceramic products applied to various industries, and are classified into building sanitary ceramics, chemical (chemical) ceramics, electroceramics, special ceramics and the like.
Wherein, the building sanitary ceramics comprise tiles, drainage pipes, face tiles, external wall tiles, sanitary wares, and the like; chemical engineering (chemical) ceramics comprise acid-resistant bricks, ash and the like of acid-resistant containers, pipelines, towers, pumps, valves and enameled reaction pots used in various chemical industries; the electric porcelain comprises insulators used on high-low voltage transmission lines in the power industry, sleeves for motors, post insulators, insulators for low-voltage electric appliances and illumination, insulators for telecommunication, insulators for radio and the like.
Dry pressing ceramic tubes are a common type of ceramic product, and the outer edge surface of the ceramic tube needs to be polished before firing, so that the outer edge surface of the ceramic tube is more round and has no edges and corners.
Current grinding device is when polishing longer ceramic tube, to shorter pottery, it is fixed with the one end of ceramic tube usually, adopt the direct suit pottery of mode of cantilever, then use high-speed pivoted emery wheel or the roller of polishing to polish, to longer ceramic tube, make the guide structure that adopts can fix a position usually, make ceramic tube remove on grinding device, and polish at the removal in-process, but ceramic tube when wholly removing, produce the inaccurate or removal scheduling problem of location easily, can influence the quality of polishing of ceramic tube outer wall
Based on the technical scheme, the invention designs the dry pressing ceramic tube outer wall polishing equipment and the dry pressing ceramic tube outer wall polishing method to solve the problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a dry-pressing ceramic tube outer wall polishing device and a dry-pressing ceramic tube outer wall polishing method, which aim to solve the problems in the background art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a dry pressing ceramic tube outer wall equipment of polishing, the on-line screen storage device comprises a base, the symmetry is fixed with the fixed plate around the top surface of base, the top surface left side of base is equipped with the mount, the right side is equipped with the removal frame, and all be equipped with locating component on mount and the removal frame, the symmetry is equipped with two first removal subassemblies in the middle of the top surface of base, it removes the subassembly to be equipped with the second between two first removal subassemblies, and the bottom of removing the frame is connected with first removal subassembly, two first removal subassemblies are connected with the removal case jointly, be equipped with two polishing subassemblies in the removal case, and the bottom of polishing subassembly is passed through coupling assembling and is.
Preferably, the first moving assembly comprises a first lead screw rotatably connected with the top surface of the base, a first sliding block is sleeved on the first lead screw, two sides of the bottom surface of the moving box are fixedly connected with the two first sliding blocks respectively, belt pulleys are fixed at one ends of the two first lead screws, the two belt pulleys are connected through a transmission belt, and one of the belt pulleys is connected with a motor.
Preferably, the second movable assembly comprises a second lead screw located on the right section of the top surface of the base, the second lead screw is rotatably connected with the base, one end of the second lead screw is connected with a motor, a second sliding block is sleeved on the second lead screw, and the bottom end of the movable frame is fixedly connected with the second sliding block.
Preferably, the subassembly of polishing includes the baffle of vertical setting, and the baffle passes through coupling assembling and is connected with the lateral wall correspondence of removal case, the both sides of baffle are fixed with the curb plate, it is connected with the grinding roller to rotate between the upper portion of two curb plates, the one end of grinding roller is connected with the motor, the bottom mounting of baffle has the stock guide of slope, and the stock guide is located the removal case, two subassemblies of polishing all set up towards the inboard of removal case, and the grinding roller all is located the inboard of baffle, so that polish the ceramic tube through the grinding roller of both sides.
Preferably, the tip that corresponds the grinding roller on the curb plate is equipped with the spring groove, there is the movable block through spring coupling in the spring groove, and the movable block all is fixed with the second electro-magnet with the one end that the spring groove is close to the baffle, the tip of grinding roller rotates with the movable block that corresponds the side and is connected, still be equipped with the notch on the lateral wall in one of them spring groove, the one end of grinding roller stretches out the notch and is connected with the motor, when the roller of polishing stops work temporarily and removes, second electro-magnet circular telegram is inhaled mutually, make the grinding roller remove to the baffle direction, break away from with ceramic pipe, when needs are polished, the outage of second electro-magnet, the movable block returns under the effect of spring, make the grinding roller contact with the.
Preferably, the connecting assembly comprises a connecting plate which is horizontally arranged, the inner side end of the connecting plate is correspondingly connected with the baffle, a vertical plate is vertically fixed at the bottom of the outer side end, a first clamping block is fixed on the outer side surface of the bottom of the vertical plate, a plurality of first clamping grooves are uniformly arranged on the fixing plate of the corresponding side along the length direction, the first clamping block is correspondingly connected with one of the first clamping grooves, a first electromagnet is fixed on the outer side of the first clamping groove, the first clamping block is correspondingly arranged as a magnet block, a connecting block is fixed at the bottom of the inner side surface of the vertical plate, a sliding rail is arranged on the side wall of the movable box, one end of the connecting block extends into the sliding rail and is fixed with a spring plate, a second clamping block is fixed on the side wall of the spring plate, two second clamping grooves are symmetrically arranged on the corresponding side wall of the movable box and are correspondingly connected with one of the second clamping, and the inner side surface of the pressure rod is contacted with the spring plate, the spring plate is contacted with the side wall of the movable box under the action of the spring and the pressure rod, and the second clamping block is clamped into one of the second clamping grooves.
Preferably, evenly be provided with a plurality of roll grooves on the side that the depression bar is close to the spring board, be equipped with the ball in the roll groove to through ball and spring board contact, improve the motion flexibility between spring board and the depression bar, evenly be fixed with a plurality of spacing axles along length direction on the another side of depression bar, and the lateral wall sliding connection of spacing axle and slide rail, through the upper and lower position of spacing axle restriction depression bar, only the depression bar can only move along the horizontal direction.
Preferably, the top surface symmetry of connecting plate is fixed with two fixing bases, and threaded connection has first screw rod on the fixing base, and the outside end of two first screw rods is fixed with the turning handle, and the medial extremity all rotates with the baffle that corresponds the side to be connected, adjusts the position of the grinding roller on baffle and the baffle through the first screw rod of transmission to polish different radial ceramic pipe outer walls.
Preferably, the positioning assembly comprises a rotating cylinder rotatably connected with the fixed frame or the moving frame, a gear ring is fixed on the outer side section of the rotating cylinder, the gear ring is meshed with a driving gear, the driving gear is connected with a motor, a second screw rod is in threaded connection with the outer side end face of the rotating cylinder, a rotating handle is fixed on the outer side end of the second screw rod, the inner side end of the second screw rod extends into the rotating cylinder and is fixed with a top block, the side wall of the shaft section of the second screw rod is set to be a conical surface according to the principle of the top block, a plurality of adjusting grooves are uniformly arranged on the inner side end face of the rotating cylinder along the circumferential direction, the length direction of each adjusting groove is consistent with the radius direction of the rotating cylinder, a positioning block is slidably connected in each adjusting groove, one end of each positioning block passes through each adjusting groove and extends into the rotating cylinder, the extending section inclines outwards, the inclined section is in contact with the top block, a spring is arranged between the inner side end of each positioning block, the positioning block is connected with the positioning shaft in a sliding mode, and the guide block can only move along the length direction of the adjusting groove and cannot rotate or incline through the matching of the guide shaft and the adjusting groove, so that the positioning effect of the positioning block is improved.
A polishing method based on dry pressing ceramic tube outer wall polishing equipment comprises the following steps:
s1, connecting one end of the ceramic dry pressing pipe with a positioning component on the fixed frame, starting a second moving component, adjusting the positions of the moving frame and the positioning component on the moving frame, and then connecting the other end of the ceramic dry pressing pipe with the positioning component on the moving frame to complete the positioning of the ceramic pipe;
s2, starting the polishing assemblies, polishing the rotating ceramic tube through one of the polishing assemblies, and separating the polishing assembly from the movable box through the connecting assembly and connecting the polishing assembly with the fixing plate on the corresponding side;
s3, starting the first moving assembly to enable the moving box to move, enabling the moving box to drive the other polishing assembly to move, then enabling the polishing assembly to work, polishing the ceramic tube, enabling the ceramic tube to be separated from the moving box through the connecting assembly and connected with the fixing plate on the corresponding side;
s4, stopping the other grinding assembly, connecting the other grinding assembly with the movable box through the connecting assembly, and moving the movable box;
and S5, repeating S2-S4, and enabling the two grinding rollers to work alternately and move along with the moving box and the first moving assembly until the grinding of the whole ceramic tube is completed.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the two grinding rollers work alternately, so that the grinding is more convenient, the ceramic tube grinding machine is suitable for grinding a longer ceramic tube, the ceramic tube is ground for the first time by the grinding roller on the left side in the moving process, and the ceramic tube is ground for the second time by the grinding roller on the right side, so that the grinding effect is better;
2. according to the ceramic tube polishing device, the two ends of the ceramic tube are fixed through the positioning assembly, compared with polishing during integral movement, the polishing mode of fixing the two ends is more stable, and therefore polishing quality is ensured;
3. according to the invention, the polishing assembly can be kept in contact with the ceramic tube when being integrated through the spring groove and the moving block, and when the polishing assembly does not work temporarily, the moving block drives the polishing roller to be far away from the ceramic tube through the second electromagnet, so that the polishing assembly can be adjusted along with the moving box;
4. the waste materials are prevented from falling to other places through the combined action of the baffle and the side plates, and the waste materials generated by polishing enter the movable box through the material guide plate to be collected so as to be conveniently and centrally treated in the subsequent process.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the structure of the mobile case of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a connecting assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the connection between the compression bar and the slide rail according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the upper structure of the side panel of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the connection between the second screw and the baffle according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of a sanding assembly according to the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of a first slot of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of a positioning assembly according to the present invention.
In the drawings, the components represented by the respective reference numerals are listed below:
1-a base;
2-a fixed plate, 201-a first card slot, 202-a first electromagnet;
3-a fixing frame;
4-a moving frame, 401-a first slide block, 402-a first screw rod;
5-a positioning component, 501-a rotating cylinder, 502-a gear ring, 503-a driving gear, 504-a second screw, 505-a top block, 506-an adjusting groove, 507-a positioning block and 508-a guide shaft;
6-a movable box, 601-a second slide block, 602-a second screw rod, 603-a second clamping groove, 604-a sliding rail, 605-a pressing rod and 606-a limiting shaft;
7-a baffle, 701-a grinding roller, 702-a guide plate, 703-a side plate, 704-a spring groove, 705-a moving block, 706-a second electromagnet and 707-a first screw rod;
8-connecting plate, 801-vertical plate, 802-first fixture block, 803-spring plate and 804-second fixture block.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all embodiments, and all other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art without any creative work based on the embodiments of the present invention belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Example one
Referring to the drawings, the present invention provides a technical solution: the utility model provides a dry pressing ceramic tube outer wall equipment of polishing, including base 1, the symmetry is fixed with fixed plate 101 around base 1's the top surface, base 1's top surface left side is equipped with mount 3, the right side is equipped with removes frame 4, and all be equipped with locating component 5 on mount 3 and the removal frame 4, the symmetry is equipped with two first removal subassemblies in the middle of base 1's the top surface, it removes the subassembly to be equipped with the second between two first removal subassemblies, and the bottom of removing frame 4 is connected with first removal subassembly, two first removal subassemblies are connected with removal case 6 jointly, be equipped with two components of polishing in the removal case 6, and the bottom of the component of polishing corresponds through coupling assembling and removal case 6 and fixed plate 101 and is connected.
Preferably, the first moving assembly comprises a first screw rod 402 rotatably connected with the top surface of the base 1, a first sliding block 401 is sleeved on the first screw rod 402, two sides of the bottom surface of the moving box 6 are respectively fixedly connected with the two first sliding blocks 401, one end of each of the two first screw rods 402 is fixed with a belt wheel, the two belt wheels are connected through a transmission belt, and one of the belt wheels is connected with a motor.
Preferably, the second moving assembly comprises a second lead screw 602 located on the right section of the top surface of the base 1, the second lead screw 602 is rotatably connected with the base 1, one end of the second lead screw is connected with a motor, a second sliding block 601 is sleeved on the second lead screw 602, and the bottom end of the moving frame 4 is fixedly connected with the second sliding block 601.
Preferably, the subassembly of polishing includes the baffle 7 of vertical setting, and the baffle 7 corresponds through coupling assembling and removal case 6's lateral wall and is connected, the both sides of baffle 7 are fixed with curb plate 703, it is connected with grinding roller 701 to rotate between the upper portion of two curb plates 703, the one end of grinding roller 701 is connected with the motor, the bottom mounting of baffle 7 has the stock guide 702 of slope, and stock guide 702 is located removal case 6, two subassemblies of polishing all set up towards the inboard of removal case 6, and grinding roller 701 all is located the inboard of baffle 7, so that polish the ceramic pipe through the grinding roller 701 of both sides.
Preferably, a spring groove 704 is formed in the end portion, corresponding to the polishing roller 701, of the side plate 703, a moving block 705 is connected to the spring groove 704 through a spring, a second electromagnet 706 is fixed to one end, close to the baffle 7, of the moving block 705 and one end, close to the baffle 7, of the spring groove 704, the end portion of the polishing roller 701 is rotatably connected with the moving block 705 on the corresponding side, a notch is further formed in the side wall of one of the spring grooves 704, one end of the polishing roller 701 extends out of the notch and is connected with a motor, when the polishing roller 701 temporarily stops working and moves, the second electromagnet 706 is electrified and attracted, the polishing roller 701 moves towards the baffle 7 and is separated from the ceramic tube, when polishing needs to be performed, the second electromagnet 706 is powered off, the moving block 705 returns under the action of the spring, and the.
Preferably, the connecting assembly includes a connecting plate 8 horizontally disposed, an inner side end of the connecting plate 8 is correspondingly connected with the baffle 7, a vertical plate 801 is vertically fixed at the bottom of the outer side end, a first fixture block 802 is fixed on an outer side surface of the bottom of the vertical plate 801, a plurality of first clamping grooves 102 are uniformly arranged on the fixing plate 101 on the corresponding side along the length direction, the first fixture block 802 is correspondingly connected with one of the first clamping grooves 102, a first electromagnet 202 is fixed on an outer side of the first clamping groove 102, the first fixture block 802 is correspondingly provided as a magnet block, a connecting block is fixed at the bottom of the inner side surface of the vertical plate 801, a sliding rail 604 is arranged on a side wall of the movable box 6, one end of the connecting block extends into the sliding rail 604 and is fixed with a spring plate 803, a second fixture block 8041 is fixed on a side wall of the spring plate 803, two second clamping grooves 603 are symmetrically arranged on the corresponding side wall of the movable box 6, and, the upper part and the lower part of the sliding rail 604 are respectively connected with a horizontal pressing rod 605 through a spring, the inner side surface of the pressing rod 605 is contacted with the spring plate 803, the spring plate 803 is contacted with the side wall of the movable box 6 through the action of the spring and the pressing rod 605, and the second clamping block 8041 is clamped into one of the second clamping grooves 603.
Preferably, the positioning assembly 5 includes a rotary cylinder 501 rotatably connected to the fixed frame 3 or the movable frame 4, a gear ring 502 is fixed on an outer section of the rotary cylinder 501, the gear ring 502 is engaged with a driving gear 503, the driving gear 503 is connected to a motor, a second screw 504 is threadedly connected to an outer end surface of the rotary cylinder 501, a rotating handle is fixed on an outer end of the second screw 504, an inner end extends into the rotary cylinder 501 and is fixed with a top block 505, the top block 505 is a conical surface based on a side wall of an axial section of the second screw 504, a plurality of adjusting grooves 506 are uniformly arranged on an inner end surface of the rotary cylinder 501 along a circumferential direction, a length direction of the adjusting grooves 506 is consistent with a radius direction of the rotary cylinder 501, a positioning block 507 is slidably connected in the adjusting grooves 506, one end of the positioning block 507 passes through the adjusting grooves 506 and extends into the rotary cylinder 501, the extending section inclines outwards, the inclining section contacts with the top block 505, a spring is arranged between the inner end of the positioning block 507 and the, and a guide shaft 508 arranged along the radius direction is fixed on the side wall of the rotary cylinder 501 corresponding to each positioning block 507, the positioning blocks 507 are connected with the positioning shafts in a sliding manner, and the guide blocks can only move along the length direction of the adjusting grooves 506 but cannot rotate or tilt through the matching of the guide shafts 508 and the adjusting grooves 506, so that the positioning effect of the positioning blocks 507 is improved.
The working method of the embodiment comprises the following steps:
connecting one end of the ceramic dry pressing pipe with a positioning component 5 on a fixed frame 3, inserting a positioning block 507 into the ceramic pipe, then rotating a second screw rod 504 to enable a top block 505 to move inwards, enabling a plurality of positioning blocks 507 to move outwards simultaneously under the extrusion action of a conical surface, so that the end part of the ceramic pipe is fixed with a rotating cylinder 501, starting a second moving component, enabling a second sliding block 601 to drive a moving frame 4 to move under the action of a second screw rod 602, so as to adjust the positions of the positioning component 5 on the moving frame 4 and the moving frame 4, and then connecting the other end of the ceramic dry pressing pipe with a positioning component on the moving frame 4 to complete the positioning of the ceramic pipe;
starting a motor of a driving gear 503 to enable the driving gear 503 and a gear ring 502 to drive a rotating cylinder 501 and a ceramic tube to rotate, then starting a polishing component, polishing the rotating ceramic tube through a polishing roller 701 of the left polishing component, simultaneously electrifying a first electromagnet 202 on the left side to attract a second clamping block 8041, enabling a connecting plate 8 to drive the polishing component to move outwards, enabling the polishing roller 701 to keep contact with the ceramic tube through the action of a spring and a moving block 705 so as to polish, and enabling the second clamping block 8041 on the connecting plate 8 to move outwards along with the spring and to be separated from a second clamping groove 603 on a moving box 6;
starting a first moving assembly, enabling a first sliding block 401 to drive a moving box 6 to move through a first lead screw 402, enabling the moving box 6 to drive a polishing assembly on the other right side to move through a second clamping groove 603 on the right side and a second clamping block 8041, enabling the polishing assembly on the left side to slide relative to a sliding rail 604 through the limiting effect of a first clamping groove 102 and a first clamping block 802 until the polishing assembly on the left side moves to the second clamping groove 603 on the rear side, then stopping working, enabling the polishing assembly on the right side to start working, polishing the ceramic tube, enabling the polishing assembly on the right side to be separated from the moving box 6 through a connecting assembly, and connecting the polishing assembly on the right side with a fixing plate;
when the left polishing assembly stops working and slides to the second clamping groove 603 on the rear side, the first electromagnet 202 is powered off, the connecting plate 8 returns, and the second clamping block 8041 is connected with the second clamping groove 603 again, so that the polishing assembly can move forwards continuously along with the moving box 6 so as to move to the next section of the ceramic tube;
the above operations are repeated to make the two grinding rollers 701 work alternately and move along with the moving box 6 and the first moving assembly until the grinding of the whole ceramic tube is completed.
The two grinding rollers 701 work alternately, so that the grinding is more convenient, the ceramic tube grinding machine is suitable for grinding a longer ceramic tube, the grinding efficiency is improved, in the moving process, the ceramic tube is ground for one time through the left grinding roller 701, and then the ceramic tube is ground for the second time through the right grinding roller 701, so that the grinding effect is better, in addition, the distance between the two grinding assemblies and the moving distance of the moving box 6 can be adjusted according to actual needs, and the two grinding rollers 701 can grind different positions on the ceramic tube alternately;
the two ends of the ceramic tube are fixed through the positioning assembly 5, and compared with polishing during integral movement, the polishing mode with the two fixed ends is more stable, so that the polishing quality is ensured;
the polishing assembly can be kept in contact with the ceramic tube when being integrated through the spring groove 704 and the moving block 705, and when the polishing assembly does not work temporarily, the moving block 705 drives the polishing roller 701 to be far away from the ceramic tube through the second electromagnet 706, so that the polishing assembly can be adjusted along with the moving box 6;
waste materials generated by grinding enter the movable box 6 through the material guide plate 702 to be collected so as to be subjected to subsequent centralized treatment, and the waste materials are prevented from falling to other places through the combined action of the baffle 7 and the side plates 703.
Example two
The structure of this embodiment is basically the same as the first embodiment, and the difference lies in, the top surface symmetry of connecting plate 8 is fixed with two fixing bases, threaded connection has first screw 707 on the fixing base, and the outside end of two first screw 707 is fixed with the turning handle, and the medial extremity all rotates with the baffle 7 that corresponds the side and is connected, adjusts the position of the roller 701 that polishes on baffle 7 and the baffle 7 through driving first screw 707 to polish the ceramic tube outer wall of different radiuses.
When the linear distance between two grinding rollers 701 needs to be adjusted, through rotating first screw 707, first screw 707 moves for the fixing base through the screw action to drive baffle 7 and grinding roller 701 to move, so as to grind the ceramic pipe of different pipe diameters, and cooperate locating component 5, adjust the position of kicking block 505 and locating piece 507 through rotating second screw 504, can fix the ceramic pipe of different pipe diameters and grind.
EXAMPLE III
The structure of this embodiment is substantially the same as that of the first embodiment, except that a plurality of rolling grooves are uniformly formed on the side surface of the pressing rod 605 close to the spring plate 803, balls are arranged in the rolling grooves and are in contact with the spring plate 803 through the balls, so that the movement flexibility between the spring plate 803 and the pressing rod 605 is improved, a plurality of limiting shafts 606 are uniformly fixed on the other side surface of the pressing rod 605 along the length direction, the limiting shafts 606 are in sliding connection with the side walls of the sliding rails 604, the up-and-down position of the pressing rod 605 is limited through the limiting shafts 606, and only the pressing rod 605 can move along the horizontal direction.
When the first electromagnet 202 is electrified to enable the connecting plate 8 and the vertical plate 801 to move outwards, the spring plate 803 presses the pressing rod 605 to compress the spring, and when the spring plate 803 slides relative to the sliding rail 604 and the pressing rod 605, friction is reduced through balls, relative movement of the spring plate 803 is more flexible, and the position of the pressing rod 605 is limited through the limiting shaft 606 to avoid deviation along with movement of the spring plate 803.
In the description herein, references to the description of "one embodiment," "an example," "a specific example" or the like are intended to mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above do not necessarily refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples.
The preferred embodiments of the invention disclosed above are intended to be illustrative only. The preferred embodiments are not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise forms disclosed. Obviously, many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teaching. The embodiments were chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and the practical application, to thereby enable others skilled in the art to best utilize the invention. The invention is limited only by the claims and their full scope and equivalents.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a dry pressing ceramic tube outer wall equipment of polishing, includes base (1), its characterized in that, symmetry is fixed with fixed plate (101) around the top surface of base (1), and the top surface left side of base (1) is equipped with mount (3), and the right side is equipped with removes frame (4), and all is equipped with locating component (5) on mount (3) and removal frame (4), the symmetry is equipped with two first removal subassemblies in the middle of the top surface of base (1), is equipped with the second between two first removal subassemblies and removes the subassembly, and the bottom of removing frame (4) is connected with first removal subassembly, two first removal subassembly is connected with removal case (6) jointly, is equipped with two polishing assemblies in removal case (6), and the bottom of polishing assembly corresponds through coupling assembling and removal case (6) and fixed plate (101) and connects.
2. The dry pressing ceramic tube outer wall grinding equipment as claimed in claim 1, wherein the first moving assembly comprises a first screw rod (402) rotatably connected with the top surface of the base (1), a first sliding block (401) is sleeved on the first screw rod (402), two sides of the bottom surface of the moving box (6) are fixedly connected with the two first sliding blocks (401) respectively, one end of each of the two first screw rods (402) is fixed with a belt wheel, the two belt wheels are connected through a transmission belt, and one of the belt wheels is connected with a motor.
3. The dry pressing ceramic tube outer wall grinding equipment as claimed in claim 1, wherein the second moving assembly comprises a second screw rod (602) located on the right section of the top surface of the base (1), the second screw rod (602) is rotatably connected with the base (1), one end of the second screw rod is connected with a motor, a second sliding block (601) is sleeved on the second screw rod (602), and the bottom end of the moving frame (4) is fixedly connected with the second sliding block (601).
4. The dry pressing ceramic pipe outer wall grinding equipment as claimed in claim 1, wherein the grinding assembly comprises a baffle plate (7) which is vertically arranged, the baffle plate (7) is correspondingly connected with the side wall of the moving box (6) through a connecting assembly, side plates (703) are fixed on two sides of the baffle plate (7), a grinding roller (701) is rotatably connected between the upper parts of the two side plates (703), one end of the grinding roller (701) is connected with a motor, an inclined guide plate (702) is fixed at the bottom end of the baffle plate (7), the guide plate (702) is located in the moving box (6), the two grinding assemblies are both arranged towards the inner side of the moving box (6), and the grinding rollers (701) are both located on the inner side of the baffle plate (7).
5. The dry-pressing ceramic pipe outer wall grinding device as claimed in claim 4, wherein a spring groove (704) is formed in the end portion, corresponding to the grinding roller (701), of the side plate (703), a moving block (705) is connected to the spring groove (704) through a spring, a second electromagnet (706) is fixed to one end, close to the baffle (7), of each of the moving block (705) and the spring groove (704), the end portion of the grinding roller (701) is rotatably connected with the moving block (705) on the corresponding side, a notch is further formed in the side wall of one of the spring grooves (704), and one end of the grinding roller (701) extends out of the notch and is connected with a motor.
6. The dry pressing ceramic tube outer wall grinding equipment as claimed in claim 4, wherein the connecting assembly comprises a connecting plate (8) which is horizontally arranged, the inner end of the connecting plate (8) is correspondingly connected with the baffle (7), a vertical plate (801) is vertically fixed at the bottom of the outer end, a first clamping block (802) is fixed on the outer side surface of the bottom of the vertical plate (801), a plurality of first clamping grooves (102) are uniformly arranged on the fixing plate (101) on the corresponding side along the length direction, the first clamping block (802) is correspondingly connected with one first clamping groove (102), a first electromagnet (202) is fixed on the outer side of the first clamping groove (102), the first clamping block (802) is correspondingly arranged as a magnet block, a connecting block is fixed at the bottom of the inner side surface of the vertical plate (801), a sliding rail (604) is arranged on the side wall of the moving box (6), and one end of the connecting block extends into the sliding rail (604), the spring plate (803) is fixed, a second clamping block (8041) is fixed on the side wall of the spring plate (803), two second clamping grooves (603) are symmetrically arranged on the corresponding side wall of the movable box (6), the second clamping grooves (603) are correspondingly connected with one of the second clamping grooves (603), the upper part and the lower part of the sliding rail (604) are respectively connected with a horizontal pressing rod (605) through springs, the inner side surface of the pressing rod (605) is contacted with the spring plate (803), the spring plate (803) is contacted with the side wall of the movable box (6) through the action of the springs and the pressing rod (605), and the second clamping block (8041) is clamped into one of the second clamping grooves (603).
7. The dry pressing ceramic tube outer wall grinding equipment as claimed in claim 5, wherein a plurality of rolling grooves are uniformly formed in the side face of the pressing rod (605) close to the spring plate (803), balls are arranged in the rolling grooves and are in contact with the spring plate (803) through the balls, the movement flexibility between the spring plate (803) and the pressing rod (605) is improved, a plurality of limiting shafts (606) are uniformly fixed on the other side face of the pressing rod (605) along the length direction, and the limiting shafts (606) are in sliding connection with the side walls of the sliding rails (604).
8. The dry pressing ceramic tube outer wall grinding equipment as claimed in claim 5, wherein two fixed seats are symmetrically fixed on the top surface of the connecting plate (8), first screw rods (707) are connected to the fixed seats in a threaded manner, rotating handles are fixed to the outer side ends of the two first screw rods (707), and the inner side ends are rotatably connected with the baffle plates (7) on the corresponding sides.
9. The dry pressing ceramic tube outer wall grinding equipment as claimed in claim 1, wherein the positioning assembly (5) comprises a rotating cylinder (501) rotatably connected with the fixed frame (3) or the moving frame (4), a gear ring (502) is fixed on the outer side section of the rotating cylinder (501), the gear ring (502) is meshed with a driving gear (503), the driving gear (503) is connected with a motor, a second screw (504) is connected with the outer side end face of the rotating cylinder (501) in a threaded manner, a rotating handle is fixed on the outer side end of the second screw (504), the inner side end of the second screw extends into the rotating cylinder (501) and is fixed with a top block (505), the top block (505) is arranged on the side wall of the shaft section of the second screw (504) as a conical surface, a plurality of adjusting grooves (506) are uniformly arranged on the inner side end face of the rotating cylinder (501) along the circumferential direction, and the length direction of the adjusting grooves (506) is consistent with the radius direction of the rotating cylinder (501), sliding connection has locating piece (507) in adjustment tank (506), and adjustment tank (506) are passed to the one end of locating piece (507) to in stretching into a rotation section of thick bamboo (501), the section of stretching out inclines to the outside, and the slope section contacts with kicking block (505), be equipped with the spring between the medial extremity of locating piece (507) and the lateral wall of a rotation section of thick bamboo (501), and correspond the position fixing of every locating piece (507) on the lateral wall of a rotation section of thick bamboo (501) and have along guiding axle (508) that the radius direction set up, locating piece (507) and location axle sliding connection.
10. The grinding method of the dry pressing ceramic tube outer wall grinding equipment based on any one of claims 1 to 9 is characterized by comprising the following steps:
s1, connecting one end of the ceramic dry pressing pipe with a positioning component (5) on the fixed frame (3), starting a second moving component, adjusting the positions of the moving frame (4) and the positioning component (5) on the moving frame (4), and then connecting the other end of the ceramic dry pressing pipe with a positioning component on the moving frame (4) to complete the positioning of the ceramic pipe;
s2, starting the grinding assemblies, grinding the rotating ceramic tube through one of the grinding assemblies, and simultaneously separating the grinding assembly from the movable box (6) through the connecting assembly and connecting the grinding assembly with the fixed plate (101) on the corresponding side;
s3, starting the first moving assembly to enable the moving box (6) to move, enabling the moving box (6) to drive the other polishing assembly to move, then enabling the polishing assembly to work, polishing the ceramic tube, enabling the ceramic tube to be separated from the moving box (6) through the connecting assembly, and enabling the ceramic tube to be connected with the fixing plate (101) on the corresponding side;
s4, stopping the other grinding assembly, connecting the other grinding assembly with the movable box (6) through the connecting assembly, and moving the movable box (6);
and S5, repeating S2-S4, so that the two grinding rollers (701) work alternately and move along with the moving box (6) and the first moving assembly until the grinding of the whole ceramic tube is completed.
CN202010714896.5A 2020-07-23 2020-07-23 Dry pressing ceramic tube outer wall polishing equipment and polishing method Withdrawn CN111730480A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010714896.5A CN111730480A (en) 2020-07-23 2020-07-23 Dry pressing ceramic tube outer wall polishing equipment and polishing method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010714896.5A CN111730480A (en) 2020-07-23 2020-07-23 Dry pressing ceramic tube outer wall polishing equipment and polishing method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111730480A true CN111730480A (en) 2020-10-02

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010714896.5A Withdrawn CN111730480A (en) 2020-07-23 2020-07-23 Dry pressing ceramic tube outer wall polishing equipment and polishing method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111730480A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112621405A (en) * 2020-12-10 2021-04-09 杭州茅岚机械科技有限公司 A practice thrift environmental protection grinding device for cylindrical furniture is made

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112621405A (en) * 2020-12-10 2021-04-09 杭州茅岚机械科技有限公司 A practice thrift environmental protection grinding device for cylindrical furniture is made

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Application publication date: 20201002