CN111719526A - Garbage cleaning equipment - Google Patents

Garbage cleaning equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111719526A
CN111719526A CN202010593975.5A CN202010593975A CN111719526A CN 111719526 A CN111719526 A CN 111719526A CN 202010593975 A CN202010593975 A CN 202010593975A CN 111719526 A CN111719526 A CN 111719526A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cutting
compression
conveying
plate
telescopic
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010593975.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林辉
吕琳
邵立东
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hangzhou Vocational and Technical College
Original Assignee
Hangzhou Vocational and Technical College
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hangzhou Vocational and Technical College filed Critical Hangzhou Vocational and Technical College
Priority to CN202010593975.5A priority Critical patent/CN111719526A/en
Publication of CN111719526A publication Critical patent/CN111719526A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B15/00Cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water; Apparatus therefor
    • E02B15/04Devices for cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water from oil or like floating materials by separating or removing these materials
    • E02B15/10Devices for removing the material from the surface
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D43/00Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing
    • A01D43/06Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for collecting, gathering or loading mown material
    • A01D43/063Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for collecting, gathering or loading mown material in or into a container carried by the mower; Containers therefor
    • A01D43/0633Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for collecting, gathering or loading mown material in or into a container carried by the mower; Containers therefor with compacting means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D43/00Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing
    • A01D43/06Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for collecting, gathering or loading mown material
    • A01D43/077Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for collecting, gathering or loading mown material with auxiliary means, e.g. fans, for transporting the mown crop
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D44/00Harvesting of underwater plants, e.g. harvesting of seaweed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G17/00Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface
    • B65G17/06Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface having a load-carrying surface formed by a series of interconnected, e.g. longitudinal, links, plates, or platforms
    • B65G17/061Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface having a load-carrying surface formed by a series of interconnected, e.g. longitudinal, links, plates, or platforms the load carrying surface being formed by profiles, rods, bars, rollers or the like attached to a single traction element
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G17/00Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface
    • B65G17/30Details; Auxiliary devices
    • B65G17/38Chains or like traction elements; Connections between traction elements and load-carriers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G23/00Driving gear for endless conveyors; Belt- or chain-tensioning arrangements
    • B65G23/02Belt- or chain-engaging elements
    • B65G23/04Drums, rollers, or wheels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B15/00Cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water; Apparatus therefor
    • E02B15/04Devices for cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water from oil or like floating materials by separating or removing these materials
    • E02B15/10Devices for removing the material from the surface
    • E02B15/104Conveyors; Paddle wheels; Endless belts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B15/00Cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water; Apparatus therefor
    • E02B15/04Devices for cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water from oil or like floating materials by separating or removing these materials
    • E02B15/10Devices for removing the material from the surface
    • E02B15/108Ejection means

Abstract

The application discloses rubbish clean-up equipment, including cutting conveying mechanism, cutting conveying mechanism includes: a first bracket; the first transmission shaft is rotatably arranged at the lower end of the first support, and two ends of the first transmission shaft are respectively provided with a first transmission wheel; the second transmission shaft is rotatably arranged at the upper end of the first bracket, and both ends of the second transmission shaft are provided with second transmission wheels; the two transmission chains are wound on the corresponding first transmission wheel and the second transmission wheel; two ends of the plurality of conveying rods are respectively fixed on the two transmission chains; the cutting assembly is arranged at the lower end of the first bracket and is used for cutting algae; and the first driving motor is used for driving the second transmission shaft to rotate. This application can cut the algae through cutting assembly, can drive chain through a driving motor and rotate to can make defeated material pole remove, carry the algae to on removing the hull. Compared with manual fishing, the labor intensity can be effectively reduced.

Description

Garbage cleaning equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of garbage cleaning, in particular to garbage cleaning equipment.
Background
When a large amount of algae and other plants exist in water, the water environment can be seriously influenced, manual salvage treatment is needed, and the existing manual salvage mode is time-consuming and labor-consuming.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides garbage cleaning equipment aiming at the problems.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
the utility model provides a rubbish clean-up equipment, includes the removal hull, install cutting conveyor on the removal hull, cutting conveyor includes:
the first support is obliquely arranged and is connected with the movable ship body;
the first transmission shaft is rotatably arranged at the lower end of the first support, and two ends of the first transmission shaft are respectively provided with a first transmission wheel;
the second transmission shafts are rotatably arranged at the upper ends of the first supports, second transmission wheels are arranged at two ends of each second transmission shaft, and the two second transmission wheels are matched with the two first transmission wheels in a one-to-one correspondence manner;
the two transmission chains are wound on the corresponding first transmission wheel and the second transmission wheel;
the conveying rods are arranged in parallel, and two ends of each conveying rod are respectively fixed on the two transmission chains;
the cutting assembly is arranged at the lower end of the first bracket and is used for cutting algae;
and the first driving motor is used for driving the second transmission shaft to rotate, so that the transmission chain drives the material conveying rod to move, and the algae are conveyed to the movable ship body.
Can cut the algae through cutting assembly, can drive chain through a driving motor and rotate to can make defeated material pole remove, carry the algae to remove on the hull. Compared with manual fishing, the labor intensity can be effectively reduced.
In one embodiment of the present invention, the cutting assembly includes:
the mounting part is connected with the first bracket and is provided with a sliding groove;
the cutting piece is slidably mounted on the sliding groove, one side of the cutting piece, back to the mounting portion, is provided with cutting teeth, and the cutting piece is also provided with a strip-shaped groove, and the length direction of the strip-shaped groove is perpendicular to the length direction of the cutting piece;
the driving wheel is provided with an eccentric column which extends into the strip-shaped groove;
and the cutting motor is fixed on the mounting part and used for driving the driving wheel to rotate so as to enable the cutting piece to perform cutting action along the reciprocating movement of the sliding groove.
In one embodiment of the present invention, two cutting assemblies are provided, and are respectively located at two sides of the lower end of the first bracket, and the cutting members are vertically disposed.
In one embodiment of the present invention, there are three cutting assemblies, two of the cutting assemblies are vertical cutting assemblies, the other cutting assembly is horizontal cutting assembly, the cutting members of the vertical cutting assemblies are vertically disposed, the cutting members of the horizontal cutting assemblies are horizontally disposed, the two vertical cutting assemblies are respectively located at two sides of the lower end of the first support, and the vertical cutting assemblies are located below the first transmission shaft and between the two vertical cutting assemblies.
In one embodiment of the present invention, the first support can rotate relative to the movable hull, and the inclination angle of the first support can be adjusted according to the requirement.
In one embodiment of the present invention, the movable hull is sequentially provided with a compression tank and a storage tank, the movable hull is further provided with a buffer conveying mechanism and a compression discharge mechanism, the buffer conveying mechanism is arranged between the cutting conveying mechanism and the compression tank, and the buffer conveying mechanism includes:
the guide rail is fixed on the movable ship body;
the moving seat is slidably arranged on the guide rail;
the conveying belt assembly is arranged on the moving seat and comprises a driving wheel, a driven wheel, a conveying belt wound on the driving wheel and the driven wheel and a conveying motor for driving the driving wheel to rotate, one end of the conveying belt is positioned below the upper end of the first support and used for receiving algae from the cutting and conveying mechanism, and the other end of the conveying belt is positioned above the compression groove and used for conveying the algae to the compression groove;
the first telescopic element is arranged on the movable ship body and used for driving the movable seat to reciprocate;
the compression discharge mechanism comprises:
the horizontal pressing plate is slidably mounted in the compression groove and provided with an initial position and a compression position, and the horizontal pressing plate is positioned on one side, close to the first support, of the compression groove when in the initial position;
the L-shaped material pouring plate is positioned on one side, away from the first support, of the compression groove, the material pouring plate comprises a horizontal part and a vertical part, the upper end of the vertical part is rotatably installed on the movable ship body, the material pouring plate is provided with an initial position and a material pouring position, when the material pouring plate is at the initial position, the upper surface of the horizontal part is flush with the bottom wall of the compression groove, and when the material pouring plate is at the material pouring position, the material pouring plate is turned towards the outside;
the second telescopic element is positioned above the compression groove;
the vertical pressing plate is fixed with a telescopic rod of the second telescopic element and used for covering the opening end of the compression groove under the action of the second telescopic element;
the third telescopic element is used for driving the horizontal pressing plate to reciprocate, and when the horizontal pressing plate is positioned at a compression position, the end part of the horizontal pressing plate is adjacent to the horizontal part of the material pouring plate and is used for compressing algae into a space formed by the vertical pressing plate, the material pouring plate and the compression groove;
and the discharging motor is used for driving the discharging plate to rotate and discharging the compressed algae from the compression tank to the storage tank.
Can drive conveyer belt subassembly reciprocating motion through first telescopic element to can change the blanking point of conveyer belt, can make the even compression inslot that falls into of algae as far as.
The working principle of the compression discharge mechanism is as follows: the flexible component work of second, the open end of vertical clamp plate cover compression tank, the algae is arranged in the space that compression tank and vertical clamp plate formed, then the flexible component work of third, make horizontal clamp plate to pouring down flitch one end and remove, can compress the algae when horizontal clamp plate removes, extrude its moisture, finally compress the algae to vertical clamp plate, pour the space that flitch and compression tank formed, after the compression is accomplished, the flexible component of second and third reset, arrange material motor work, make and pour the flitch and outwards overturn, pour the algae after the compression into the holding tank from the compression tank.
In practical application, each telescopic element can be an air cylinder or an electric push rod and the like.
In one embodiment of the present invention, a drainage cavity is disposed below the compression groove, and a drainage hole communicated with the drainage cavity is disposed at the bottom of the compression groove; and a drainage pump is arranged in the drainage cavity.
During actual use, the water outlet of the drainage pump is connected with a spray head through a pipeline, and the spray head is aligned to the upper end of the cutting and conveying mechanism, so that algae can better fall into the conveying belt.
In one embodiment of the invention, the second telescopic element is mounted above the compression groove through a second support fixed with the moving ship body, the vertical pressing plate is provided with two through holes which are respectively positioned at two sides of the conveyor belt, the lower end of the vertical pressing plate is rotatably provided with a cover plate, a rotating shaft of the cover plate is provided with a torsion spring, and the cover plate can automatically cover the corresponding through hole under the action of the torsion spring;
a hollow pipe extending downwards is fixed on the second bracket, the hollow pipe is matched with the through hole, a distance sensor is arranged in the hollow pipe, and the distance sensor is used for detecting the distance between a detection head of the distance sensor and algae in the compression tank;
when the vertical pressing plate is at the initial position, the hollow pipe is inserted into the through hole and drives the cover plate to rotate and open, the distance sensor can work normally, and when the second telescopic element drives the vertical pressing plate to press downwards, the hollow pipe is separated from the through hole, and the through hole is covered by the cover plate;
the garbage cleaning equipment further comprises a controller, and the controller is electrically connected with the cutting and conveying mechanism, the distance sensor, the first telescopic element, the second telescopic element, the third telescopic element and the discharging motor.
The two through holes are respectively positioned at two sides of the conveyor belt, namely, when the first telescopic element works to enable the conveyor belt to be positioned below the vertical pressing plate, the conveyor belt cannot interfere with the work of the distance sensor.
Through setting up through-hole, apron and hollow tube for vertical clamp plate can not interfere distance sensor's work, and when the height of algae reached the setting value, the work of row material mechanism is compressed in the automatic control of controller, carries out the compression operation.
In one embodiment of the present invention, the upper end of the first bracket has a guide plate, the guide plate is disposed obliquely downward, and the lower end of the guide plate is aligned with the conveyor belt. The guide plate is arranged, so that algae can fall into the conveying belt better.
In one embodiment of the present invention, the two ends of the conveyor belt are provided with limiting portions for preventing algae from falling off from the two ends of the conveyor belt; the upper end opening of the compression groove is provided with a limiting step, and the vertical pressing plate is abutted against the limiting step.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: can cut the algae through cutting assembly, can drive chain through a driving motor and rotate to can make defeated material pole remove, carry the algae to remove on the hull. Compared with manual fishing, the labor intensity can be effectively reduced.
Description of the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a V-frame of example 1;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of another angle of the V-shaped frame;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a mounting bracket;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the mounting bracket mounted on the V-shaped bracket;
FIG. 5 is a side view of the V-frame, mounting bracket and storage net;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a V-frame with side plates installed;
FIG. 7 is a side view of the V-frame with side panels attached, the mounting bracket, and the storage net;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the V-shaped frame, mounting bracket and storage net bag at the bottom of the water;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of multiple V-frame connections;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of a plurality of V-frame connections with side plates;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the underwater garbage collection apparatus according to embodiment 1;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view showing the construction of the garbage disposal apparatus according to embodiment 2;
FIG. 13 is an enlarged view at A of FIG. 12;
FIG. 14 is a schematic view of another angle of the garbage disposal apparatus according to embodiment 2;
FIG. 15 is an enlarged view at B of FIG. 14;
FIG. 16 is a schematic view of a compression discharge mechanism;
fig. 17 is a schematic view of a compression groove having a limit step.
The figures are numbered:
1. a V-shaped frame; 2. a mounting frame; 3. a storage net bag; 4. a horizontal base; 5. an inclined frame; 6. a hollow structure; 7. a tension member; 8. a rectangular opening; 9. a convex strip; 10. a drop-proof groove; 11. an intermediate portion; 12. an insertion portion; 13. a first threaded hole; 14. a first bolt; 15. a side plate; 16. cleaning the space; 17. positioning the convex column; 18. positioning holes; 19. a second threaded hole; 20. mounting holes; 21. a second bolt; 22. a connecting portion; 23. a constriction; 24. an expansion section; 25. moving the hull; 26. a support frame; 27. a pulley; 28. a winding wheel; 29. a winding motor; 30. pulling a rope; 31. a cutting and conveying mechanism; 32. a first bracket; 33. a first drive shaft; 34. a first drive pulley; 35. a second drive shaft; 36. a second transmission wheel; 37. a drive chain; 38. a material conveying rod; 39. a cutting assembly; 40. a first drive motor; 41. an installation part; 42. a chute; 43. cutting the piece; 44. cutting teeth; 45. a strip-shaped groove; 46. a drive wheel; 47. an eccentric column; 48. cutting the motor; 49. a compression groove; 50. a storage tank; 51. a buffer conveying mechanism; 52. a compression discharge mechanism; 53. a guide rail; 54. a movable seat; 55. a conveyor belt assembly; 56. a driving wheel; 57. a driven wheel; 58. a conveyor belt; 59. a transfer motor; 60. a first telescopic element; 61. a horizontal pressing plate; 62. material pouring plates; 63. a horizontal portion; 64. a vertical portion; 65. a second telescoping member; 66. a vertical pressing plate; 67. a third telescopic element; 68. a discharge motor; 69. a drain hole; 70. a second bracket; 71. a through hole; 72. a cover plate; 73. a hollow tube; 74. a guide plate; 75. a limiting part; 76. and a limiting step.
The specific implementation mode is as follows:
the present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1 to 8, a submarine garbage cleaning device comprises a V-shaped frame 1, a mounting frame 2 and a storage net bag 3;
the V-shaped frame 1 comprises a horizontal base 4 and an inclined frame 5 connected with one end of the horizontal base 4, the angle formed by the inclined frame 5 and the horizontal base 4 is 30-60 degrees, the horizontal base 4 is provided with a hollow structure 6, one end of the horizontal base 4, far away from the inclined frame 5, is fixed with a tension member 7, the inclined frame 5 is provided with a rectangular opening 8, one side, back to the horizontal base 4, of the inclined frame 5 is provided with a convex strip 9, and the convex strip 9 is provided with an anti-falling groove 10;
accomodate the open end of string bag 3 and be connected with mounting bracket 2, mounting bracket 2 is used for detachable to insert anticreep groove 10, and after mounting bracket 2 inserted anticreep groove 10, the opening of accomodating string bag 3 covered rectangle opening 8.
When the garbage collecting device is used, the V-shaped frame 1 is placed into the water bottom, the horizontal base 4 is in contact with the water bottom, the tension member 7 is connected with the rope, the V-shaped frame 1 can be pulled through the rope, so that the V-shaped frame 1 can move horizontally, garbage in the area of the way can enter a space formed by the horizontal base 4 and the inclined frame 5, and the garbage is collected by the collecting net bag 3 through the rectangular opening 8.
Accomodate the string bag 3 and fix on mounting bracket 2, mounting bracket 2 demountable installation is on anticreep groove 10, set up like this and can conveniently dismantle and accomodate string bag 3, after the surface of water was pulled out to V type frame 1, can pull down mounting bracket 2, directly change new mounting bracket 2 (be equipped with empty string bag 3 of accomodating), the rubbish of accomodating string bag 3 of mounting bracket 2 that pulls down can slowly be cleared up, and the mounting bracket 2 of newly changing up can continue to collect rubbish with accomodating string bag 3, work efficiency is higher.
The application that the angle formed by the inclined frame 5 and the horizontal base 4 is 30-60 degrees means that the inclined frame 5 and the horizontal plane form an angle of 30-60 degrees when the horizontal base 4 is placed horizontally.
As shown in fig. 1, in the present embodiment, the lower end of the rectangular opening 8 extends to the horizontal base 4. The lower end of the rectangular opening 8 extends to the horizontal base 4, so that garbage can enter the rectangular opening 8 conveniently.
As shown in fig. 1, in the present embodiment, an upper surface of one end of the horizontal base 4 away from the inclined frame 5 is arc-shaped, and the thickness of the horizontal base 4 is smaller the farther away from the inclined frame 5. The arc plays the effect of water conservancy diversion, makes things convenient for submarine rubbish to get into the upper surface of submarine base.
As shown in fig. 1, in the present embodiment, the hollow structure 6 is located at one side of the inclined frame 5, and the center of gravity of the horizontal base 4 is far away from the inclined frame 5. The center of gravity is far away from the inclined frame 5 and close to the tension member 7, so that the arrangement can prevent the V-shaped frame 1 from turning backwards when moving.
In practical use, the horizontal base 4 can be formed by splicing two materials, wherein a solid iron casting is close to the tension part 7, an aluminum alloy part with a hollow structure 6 is far away from the tension part 7, the inclined frame 5 is also made of a lighter aluminum alloy material, and the solid iron casting and the aluminum alloy part are fixed through fasteners or welding, so that the gravity center can be controlled as much as possible.
As shown in fig. 2, 3 and 4, in the present embodiment, there are two convex strips 9 respectively located at the upper and lower sides of the rectangular opening 8, and the anti-drop grooves 10 are dovetail grooves or dovetail grooves; the mounting frame 2 is of a U-shaped structure, the mounting frame 2 comprises a middle part 11 and insertion parts 12 positioned on two sides, the open end of the storage net bag 3 is fixed with the middle part 11 and the insertion parts 12, the cross sections of the insertion parts 12 are matched with the cross sections of the anti-falling grooves 10, and the two insertion parts 12 are used for being respectively inserted into the corresponding anti-falling grooves 10; one side of the inclined frame 5, which is back to the horizontal base 4, is provided with a first threaded hole 13, the first threaded hole 13 is positioned on one side of the convex strip 9, the underwater garbage cleaning device further comprises a first bolt 14 matched with the first threaded hole 13, and the middle part 11 is positioned between the convex strip 9 and the first bolt 14. The intermediate portion 11 can be restrained by the first bolt 14 to prevent the insertion portion 12 from coming off the drop-off prevention groove 10.
As shown in fig. 6 and 7, in the present embodiment, two side plates 15 are further included, the side plates 15 are detachably mounted on the left and right sides of the V-shaped frame 1, and the side plates 15 and the V-shaped frame 1 form a cleaning space 16. The side plates 15 are arranged to prevent garbage from moving out of the side ends of the V-shaped frame 1, and the collection success rate is improved.
As shown in fig. 9 and 10, in actual use, there are a plurality of V-shaped frames 1, one side end of the V-shaped frame 1 is provided with a positioning boss 17, the other side end is provided with a positioning hole 18, the positioning boss 17 corresponds to the positioning hole 18, the positioning boss 17 is provided with a second threaded hole 19, and the surface of the V-shaped frame 1 is further provided with a mounting hole 20 perpendicularly intersecting with the positioning hole 18;
the underwater garbage cleaning device further comprises a second bolt 21, the side ends of the V-shaped frames 1 are sequentially connected, in two adjacent V-shaped frames 1, the positioning convex column 17 of one V-shaped frame 1 is inserted into the positioning hole 18 of the other V-shaped frame 1, and the second bolt 21 penetrates through the mounting hole 20 and then is matched with the corresponding second threaded hole 19.
Through the design of the positioning convex columns 17, the positioning holes 18, the mounting holes 20 and the second bolts 21, the V-shaped frames 1 can be sequentially arranged in parallel. The specific number of the V-shaped frames 1 can be determined according to the use environment, and the flexibility is high.
As shown in fig. 10, when there are a plurality of V-shaped racks 1, two side plates 15 are detachably mounted on the side ends of the two V-shaped racks 1 on the outermost sides, and the two side plates 15 and each V-shaped rack 1 form a cleaning space 16.
In actual use, the side plates 15 may be mounted by screws.
As shown in fig. 5, in the present embodiment, the storage net 3 includes a connecting portion 22, a contracting portion 23 and an expanding portion 24, which are sequentially disposed, and the connecting portion 22 is fixed to the mounting frame 2. The size of the contraction part 23 is smaller than that of the connection part 22 and the expansion part 24, so that garbage entering the expansion part 24 can be prevented from falling out.
As shown in fig. 11, in this embodiment, the V-shaped frame further includes a movable hull 25, a support frame 26 is mounted on the movable hull 25, a pulley 27 is disposed at an end of the support frame 26, a winding wheel 28 and a winding motor 29 for driving the winding wheel 28 to rotate are further included on the movable hull 25, a pull rope 30 is wound on the winding wheel 28, one end of the pull rope 30 is connected to the winding wheel 28, and the other end is connected to the tension member 7 of the V-shaped frame 1 through the pulley 27. In practical use, when there are a plurality of V-shaped frames 1, the end of the pulling rope 30 is divided into two parts, each of which is connected with the tension member 7 of the leftmost and rightmost V-shaped frames 1, so that the arrangement can ensure better stress and more reliable operation, as shown in fig. 9.
In practical use, the first bolt 14 and the second bolt 21 may be butterfly bolts for convenience of operation.
Example 2
As shown in fig. 12 and 13, a garbage disposal apparatus includes a moving hull 25, a cutting and conveying mechanism 31 is installed on the moving hull 25, and the cutting and conveying mechanism 31 includes:
the first bracket 32 is obliquely arranged, and the first bracket 32 is fixedly connected with the movable ship body 25;
a first transmission shaft 33 rotatably installed at the lower end of the first bracket 32, both ends of the first transmission shaft 33 being installed with first transmission wheels 34;
the second transmission shaft 35 is rotatably arranged at the upper end of the first support 32, the two ends of the second transmission shaft 35 are respectively provided with a second transmission wheel 36, and the two second transmission wheels 36 are correspondingly matched with the two first transmission wheels 34 one by one;
the two transmission chains 37 are wound on the corresponding wheels of the first transmission wheel 34 and the second transmission wheel 36;
a plurality of material conveying rods 38, wherein the material conveying rods 38 are arranged in parallel, and two ends of each material conveying rod 38 are respectively fixed on the two transmission chains 37;
a cutting assembly 39 installed at a lower end of the first support 32 for cutting algae;
and the first driving motor 40 is used for driving the second transmission shaft 35 to rotate, so that the transmission chain 37 drives the material conveying rod 38 to move, and the algae are conveyed to the movable ship body 25.
Can cut the algae through cutting assembly 39, can drive chain 37 through first driving motor 40 and rotate to can make defeated material pole 38 remove, carry the algae to on removing hull 25. Compared with manual fishing, the labor intensity can be effectively reduced.
As shown in fig. 13, in the present embodiment, the cutting assembly 39 includes:
a mounting portion 41 connected to the first bracket 32, the mounting portion 41 having a slide groove 42;
the cutting piece 43 is slidably mounted on the sliding groove 42, one side of the cutting piece 43, which is back to the mounting part 41, is provided with cutting teeth 44, the cutting piece 43 is also provided with a strip-shaped groove 45, and the length direction of the strip-shaped groove 45 is vertical to that of the cutting piece 43;
the driving wheel 46 is provided with an eccentric column 47, and the eccentric column 47 extends into the strip-shaped groove 45;
and a cutting motor 48 fixed to the mounting portion 41 for driving the driving wheel 46 to rotate so as to reciprocate the cutting member 43 along the chute 42 for cutting.
In this embodiment, there are two cutting assemblies 39 respectively located at two sides of the lower end of the first bracket 32, and the cutting members 43 are vertically disposed.
In practical use, there may be three cutting assemblies 39, two of the cutting assemblies 39 are vertical cutting assemblies 39, the other cutting assembly 39 is horizontal cutting assembly 39, the cutting members 43 of the vertical cutting assemblies 39 are vertically arranged, the cutting members 43 of the horizontal cutting assemblies 39 are horizontally arranged, the two vertical cutting assemblies 39 are respectively located at two sides of the lower end of the first support 32, and the vertical cutting assemblies 39 are located below the first transmission shaft 33 and between the two vertical cutting assemblies 39.
In other embodiments, the first support 32 can rotate relative to the moving hull 25, and the first support 32 can adjust the tilt angle as desired.
As shown in fig. 12, 14, 15 and 16, in this embodiment, the movable hull 25 is provided with a compression tank 49 and a storage tank 50 in sequence, the movable hull 25 is further provided with a buffer conveying mechanism 51 and a compression discharging mechanism 52, the buffer conveying mechanism 51 is disposed between the cutting conveying mechanism 31 and the compression tank 49, and the buffer conveying mechanism 51 includes:
a guide rail 53 fixed to the moving hull 25;
a movable base 54 slidably mounted on the guide rail 53;
a conveyor belt assembly 55 mounted on the moving base 54, wherein the conveyor belt assembly 55 comprises a driving wheel 56, a driven wheel 57, a conveyor belt 58 wound on the driving wheel 56 and the driven wheel 57, and a conveyor motor 59 for driving the driving wheel 56 to rotate, one end of the conveyor belt 58 is positioned below the upper end of the first support 32 and used for receiving algae from the cutting and conveying mechanism 31, and the other end of the conveyor belt 58 is positioned above the compression groove 49 and used for conveying the algae into the compression groove 49;
a first telescopic element 60 mounted on the mobile hull 25 for driving the mobile seat 54 to reciprocate;
compression discharge mechanism 52 includes:
a horizontal pressing plate 61 slidably mounted in the compressing groove 49, wherein the horizontal pressing plate 61 has an initial position and a compressing position, and when the horizontal pressing plate 61 is at the initial position, the horizontal pressing plate is positioned at one side of the compressing groove 49 close to the first support 32;
an L-shaped pouring plate 62 which is positioned on one side of the compression groove 49 far away from the first support 32, wherein the pouring plate 62 comprises a horizontal part 63 and a vertical part 64, the upper end of the vertical part 64 is rotatably installed on the movable ship body 25, the pouring plate 62 has an initial position and a pouring position, when the pouring plate 62 is in the initial position, the upper surface of the horizontal part 63 is flush with the bottom wall of the compression groove 49, and when the pouring plate 62 is in the pouring position, the pouring plate 62 is turned towards the outside;
a second telescopic element 65 located above the compression groove 49;
the vertical pressing plate 66 is fixed with the telescopic rod of the second telescopic element 65, and under the action of the second telescopic element 65, the vertical pressing plate 66 is used for covering the opening end of the compression groove 49;
a third telescopic member 67 for driving the horizontal pressing plate 61 to reciprocate, when the horizontal pressing plate 61 is located at the compressing position, the end of the horizontal pressing plate 61 is adjacent to the horizontal part 63 of the pouring plate 62 for compressing algae into the space formed by the vertical pressing plate 66, the pouring plate 62 and the compressing groove 49;
and a discharge motor 68 for driving the material pouring plate 62 to rotate and pouring the compressed algae from the compression tank 49 to the storage tank 50.
The first telescopic element 60 can drive the conveyor belt assembly 55 to reciprocate, so that the material dropping point of the conveyor belt 58 can be changed, and algae can uniformly drop into the compression groove 49 as much as possible.
The principle of operation of compression discharge mechanism 52 is as follows: the second telescopic element 65 works, the vertical pressing plate 66 covers the opening end of the compression groove 49, algae are located in a space formed by the compression groove 49 and the vertical pressing plate 66, then the third telescopic element 67 works to enable the horizontal pressing plate 61 to move towards one end of the material pouring plate 62, the algae can be compressed when the horizontal pressing plate 61 moves to press out water, and finally the algae are compressed into the space formed by the vertical pressing plate 66, the material pouring plate 62 and the compression groove 49, after compression is completed, the second telescopic element 65 and the third telescopic element 67 reset, the discharge motor 68 works to enable the material pouring plate 62 to turn outwards, and the compressed algae are poured into the storage groove 50 from the compression groove 49.
In practical application, each telescopic element can be an air cylinder or an electric push rod and the like.
In this embodiment, a drain chamber (not shown) is provided below the compression tank 49, and a drain hole 69 is provided at the bottom of the compression tank 49 and communicates with the drain chamber, and a drain pump (not shown) is installed in the drain chamber.
In actual use, the water outlet of the drainage pump is connected with a nozzle through a pipeline, and the nozzle is aligned with the upper end of the cutting and conveying mechanism 31, so that algae can better fall into the conveyor belt 58.
As shown in fig. 14, 15 and 16, in the present embodiment, the second telescopic element 65 is mounted above the compression groove 49 through a second bracket 70 fixed to the moving hull 25, the vertical pressing plate 66 has two through holes 71, the two through holes 71 are respectively located at two sides of the conveyor belt 58, a cover plate 72 is rotatably mounted at the lower end of the vertical pressing plate 66, a torsion spring (not shown in the figures) is provided on the rotating shaft of the cover plate 72, and the cover plate 72 can automatically cover the corresponding through hole 71 under the action of the torsion spring;
a hollow pipe 73 extending downwards is fixed on the second bracket 70, the hollow pipe 73 is matched with the through hole 71, a distance sensor is arranged in the hollow pipe 73, and the distance sensor is used for detecting the distance between a detection head of the distance sensor and algae in the compression groove 49;
when the vertical pressing plate 66 is at the initial position, the hollow pipe 73 is inserted into the through hole 71 and drives the cover plate 72 to rotate and open, the distance sensor can work normally, and when the second telescopic element 65 drives the vertical pressing plate 66 to press downwards, the hollow pipe 73 is separated from the through hole 71, and the through hole 71 is covered by the cover plate 72;
the garbage cleaning apparatus further comprises a controller electrically connected with the cutting and conveying mechanism 31, the distance sensor, the first telescopic member 60, the second telescopic member 65, the third telescopic member 67 and the discharge motor 68.
The two through holes 71 are located on either side of the conveyor belt 58, i.e. the conveyor belt 58 does not interfere with the operation of the distance sensor when the first telescopic element 60 is operated so that the conveyor belt 58 is located below the vertical pressure plate 66.
Through the arrangement of the through hole 71, the cover plate 72 and the hollow pipe 73, the vertical pressing plate 66 does not interfere with the work of the distance sensor, and when the height of algae reaches a set value, the controller can automatically control the compression and discharge mechanism 52 to work to perform compression operation.
As shown in fig. 12 and 14, in the present embodiment, the upper end of the first bracket 32 has a guide plate 74, the guide plate 74 is disposed obliquely downward, and the lower end of the guide plate 74 is aligned with the conveyor belt 58. The provision of the guide plate 74 facilitates better fall of algae into the conveyor belt 58.
As shown in fig. 14 and 15, in the present embodiment, both ends of the conveyor belt 58 have a stopper 75, and the stopper 75 is used to prevent algae from falling off from both ends of the conveyor belt 58.
In actual use, in order to facilitate the vertical pressing plate 66 to be limited, as shown in fig. 17, a limiting step 76 may be provided at an upper end opening of the compression groove 49, and the vertical pressing plate 66 may abut against the limiting step 76.
Example 3
The difference between this embodiment and embodiment 2 is that the garbage cleaning apparatus further comprises the underwater garbage cleaning device of embodiment 1.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and all equivalent structural changes made by using the contents of the present specification and the drawings can be directly or indirectly applied to other related technical fields and are included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a rubbish clean-up equipment, is including removing the hull, its characterized in that, it installs cutting conveying mechanism on the hull to remove, cutting conveying mechanism includes:
the first support is obliquely arranged and is connected with the movable ship body;
the first transmission shaft is rotatably arranged at the lower end of the first support, and two ends of the first transmission shaft are respectively provided with a first transmission wheel;
the second transmission shafts are rotatably arranged at the upper ends of the first supports, second transmission wheels are arranged at two ends of each second transmission shaft, and the two second transmission wheels are matched with the two first transmission wheels in a one-to-one correspondence manner;
the two transmission chains are wound on the corresponding first transmission wheel and the second transmission wheel;
the conveying rods are arranged in parallel, and two ends of each conveying rod are respectively fixed on the two transmission chains;
the cutting assembly is arranged at the lower end of the first bracket and is used for cutting algae;
and the first driving motor is used for driving the second transmission shaft to rotate, so that the transmission chain drives the material conveying rod to move, and the algae are conveyed to the movable ship body.
2. The trash cleaning apparatus of claim 1, wherein the cutting assembly comprises:
the mounting part is connected with the first bracket and is provided with a sliding groove;
the cutting piece is slidably mounted on the sliding groove, one side of the cutting piece, back to the mounting portion, is provided with cutting teeth, and the cutting piece is also provided with a strip-shaped groove, and the length direction of the strip-shaped groove is perpendicular to the length direction of the cutting piece;
the driving wheel is provided with an eccentric column which extends into the strip-shaped groove;
and the cutting motor is fixed on the mounting part and used for driving the driving wheel to rotate so as to enable the cutting piece to perform cutting action along the reciprocating movement of the sliding groove.
3. The trash cleaning apparatus of claim 2, wherein there are two of the cutting assemblies, one on each side of the lower end of the first frame, and the cutting members are vertically disposed.
4. The trash cleaning apparatus of claim 2, wherein there are three cutting assemblies, two of the cutting assemblies being vertical cutting assemblies and the other cutting assembly being horizontal cutting assemblies, the cutting members of the vertical cutting assemblies being vertically disposed and the cutting members of the horizontal cutting assemblies being horizontally disposed, the two vertical cutting assemblies being respectively located on both sides of the lower end of the first frame, the vertical cutting assemblies being located below the first transmission shaft and between the two vertical cutting assemblies.
5. A refuse disposal device according to claim 1 wherein the first support is rotatable relative to the movable hull, the first support being adjustable in inclination as required.
6. The trash cleaning device of claim 1, wherein the movable hull is sequentially provided with a compression tank and a storage tank, the movable hull is further provided with a buffer conveying mechanism and a compression discharge mechanism, the buffer conveying mechanism is arranged between the cutting conveying mechanism and the compression tank, and the buffer conveying mechanism comprises:
the guide rail is fixed on the movable ship body;
the moving seat is slidably arranged on the guide rail;
the conveying belt assembly is arranged on the moving seat and comprises a driving wheel, a driven wheel, a conveying belt wound on the driving wheel and the driven wheel and a conveying motor for driving the driving wheel to rotate, one end of the conveying belt is positioned below the upper end of the first support and used for receiving algae from the cutting and conveying mechanism, and the other end of the conveying belt is positioned above the compression groove and used for conveying the algae to the compression groove;
the first telescopic element is arranged on the movable ship body and used for driving the movable seat to reciprocate;
the compression discharge mechanism comprises:
the horizontal pressing plate is slidably mounted in the compression groove and provided with an initial position and a compression position, and the horizontal pressing plate is positioned on one side, close to the first support, of the compression groove when in the initial position;
the L-shaped material pouring plate is positioned on one side, away from the first support, of the compression groove, the material pouring plate comprises a horizontal part and a vertical part, the upper end of the vertical part is rotatably installed on the movable ship body, the material pouring plate is provided with an initial position and a material pouring position, when the material pouring plate is at the initial position, the upper surface of the horizontal part is flush with the bottom wall of the compression groove, and when the material pouring plate is at the material pouring position, the material pouring plate is turned towards the outside;
the second telescopic element is positioned above the compression groove;
the vertical pressing plate is fixed with a telescopic rod of the second telescopic element and used for covering the opening end of the compression groove under the action of the second telescopic element;
the third telescopic element is used for driving the horizontal pressing plate to reciprocate, and when the horizontal pressing plate is positioned at a compression position, the end part of the horizontal pressing plate is adjacent to the horizontal part of the material pouring plate and is used for compressing algae into a space formed by the vertical pressing plate, the material pouring plate and the compression groove;
and the discharging motor is used for driving the discharging plate to rotate and discharging the compressed algae from the compression tank to the storage tank.
7. The garbage disposal apparatus of claim 6, wherein the compression tank has a drain chamber below the compression tank, and the bottom of the compression tank has a drain hole communicating with the drain chamber; and a drainage pump is arranged in the drainage cavity.
8. The garbage disposal apparatus as defined in claim 6, wherein the second telescopic member is installed above the compression chute through a second bracket fixed to the moving hull, the vertical pressing plate has two through holes respectively located at both sides of the conveyor belt, a cover plate is rotatably installed at a lower end of the vertical pressing plate, a torsion spring is provided on a rotating shaft of the cover plate, and the cover plate can automatically cover the corresponding through hole under the action of the torsion spring;
a hollow pipe extending downwards is fixed on the second bracket, the hollow pipe is matched with the through hole, a distance sensor is arranged in the hollow pipe, and the distance sensor is used for detecting the distance between a detection head of the distance sensor and algae in the compression tank;
when the vertical pressing plate is at the initial position, the hollow pipe is inserted into the through hole and drives the cover plate to rotate and open, the distance sensor can work normally, and when the second telescopic element drives the vertical pressing plate to press downwards, the hollow pipe is separated from the through hole, and the through hole is covered by the cover plate;
the garbage cleaning equipment further comprises a controller, and the controller is electrically connected with the cutting and conveying mechanism, the distance sensor, the first telescopic element, the second telescopic element, the third telescopic element and the discharging motor.
9. A refuse disposal device according to claim 6 wherein the first support has a guide plate at an upper end thereof, said guide plate being disposed obliquely downward with a lower end thereof being aligned with said conveyor belt.
10. A garbage disposal apparatus as defined in claim 9, wherein the conveyor belt has a stopper portion at both ends thereof for preventing algae from falling off from both ends of the conveyor belt; the upper end opening of the compression groove is provided with a limiting step, and the vertical pressing plate is abutted against the limiting step.
CN202010593975.5A 2020-06-28 2020-06-28 Garbage cleaning equipment Pending CN111719526A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010593975.5A CN111719526A (en) 2020-06-28 2020-06-28 Garbage cleaning equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010593975.5A CN111719526A (en) 2020-06-28 2020-06-28 Garbage cleaning equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111719526A true CN111719526A (en) 2020-09-29

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010593975.5A Pending CN111719526A (en) 2020-06-28 2020-06-28 Garbage cleaning equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111719526A (en)

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH06121609A (en) * 1992-10-13 1994-05-06 Yanmar Agricult Equip Co Ltd Waterweed mowing machine
CN104594314A (en) * 2013-12-16 2015-05-06 邵艳华 Full-automatic weeding ship
CN205839719U (en) * 2016-07-30 2016-12-28 马鞍山聚力科技有限公司 A kind of pond is with antiwind plant salvaging mechanism
CN108797541A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-11-13 安徽佳明环保科技股份有限公司 A kind of water surface cleaning device for water plant cleaning ship fore
CN109533206A (en) * 2018-10-22 2019-03-29 无锡兴惠汽车配件制造有限公司 Weed cutting ship
CN110397012A (en) * 2019-08-09 2019-11-01 浙江海洋大学 A kind of ocean surface floating refuse cleaning unmanned boat
CN110904931A (en) * 2019-11-19 2020-03-24 江苏科技大学 Water surface garbage fishing device
CN210391498U (en) * 2019-07-12 2020-04-24 北部湾大学 Water surface garbage cleaning ship
CN111335287A (en) * 2020-04-03 2020-06-26 谢勇 Hydraulic engineering floating garbage salvage equipment

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH06121609A (en) * 1992-10-13 1994-05-06 Yanmar Agricult Equip Co Ltd Waterweed mowing machine
CN104594314A (en) * 2013-12-16 2015-05-06 邵艳华 Full-automatic weeding ship
CN205839719U (en) * 2016-07-30 2016-12-28 马鞍山聚力科技有限公司 A kind of pond is with antiwind plant salvaging mechanism
CN108797541A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-11-13 安徽佳明环保科技股份有限公司 A kind of water surface cleaning device for water plant cleaning ship fore
CN109533206A (en) * 2018-10-22 2019-03-29 无锡兴惠汽车配件制造有限公司 Weed cutting ship
CN210391498U (en) * 2019-07-12 2020-04-24 北部湾大学 Water surface garbage cleaning ship
CN110397012A (en) * 2019-08-09 2019-11-01 浙江海洋大学 A kind of ocean surface floating refuse cleaning unmanned boat
CN110904931A (en) * 2019-11-19 2020-03-24 江苏科技大学 Water surface garbage fishing device
CN111335287A (en) * 2020-04-03 2020-06-26 谢勇 Hydraulic engineering floating garbage salvage equipment

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