CN111719422A - Self-adjusting bridge easy to drain - Google Patents

Self-adjusting bridge easy to drain Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111719422A
CN111719422A CN202010674552.6A CN202010674552A CN111719422A CN 111719422 A CN111719422 A CN 111719422A CN 202010674552 A CN202010674552 A CN 202010674552A CN 111719422 A CN111719422 A CN 111719422A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drainage
containing cavity
bridge
bridge body
threaded rod
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Granted
Application number
CN202010674552.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111719422B (en
Inventor
陈柯柯
王慧
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Individual
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Individual
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Publication of CN111719422A publication Critical patent/CN111719422A/en
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Publication of CN111719422B publication Critical patent/CN111719422B/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01DCONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES, ELEVATED ROADWAYS OR VIADUCTS; ASSEMBLY OF BRIDGES
    • E01D19/00Structural or constructional details of bridges
    • E01D19/08Damp-proof or other insulating layers; Drainage arrangements or devices Bridge deck surfacings
    • E01D19/086Drainage arrangements or devices
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A10/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE at coastal zones; at river basins
    • Y02A10/30Flood prevention; Flood or storm water management, e.g. using flood barriers

Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of sewage treatment, and particularly relates to a self-adjusting easy-drainage bridge which comprises a bridge body and drainage channels arranged on two sides of the bridge body, wherein water outlets at two ends of the drainage channels are respectively extended to two ends of the bridge body, a plurality of straight drainage pipes extending towards two sides of the bridge body are further arranged on the bridge body and communicated with the drainage channels, a containing cavity is arranged at the bottom of each drainage channel, a transparent daylighting plate is arranged at the upper end cover of each containing cavity, a lifting plate horizontally arranged is arranged in each containing cavity in a sealing and sliding mode, each lifting plate is made of a transparent material, an expansion agent is filled in a sealing space formed between the lower portion of each lifting plate and the corresponding containing cavity, and a threaded rod is vertically arranged in each containing cavity. The invention can adjust the drainage mode according to different time periods during rainfall, reduces the pollution to river water, effectively solves the problems of low drainage efficiency and influence on traffic due to rainwater overflow, and has flexible drainage mode.

Description

Self-adjusting bridge easy to drain
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of sewage treatment, and particularly relates to a self-adjusting bridge easy to drain.
Background
The existing bridge has two pollution discharge modes, one is that sewage on the bridge floor is directly discharged into river water from two sides of a bridge body, and is called direct drainage, and the other is that a pollution discharge channel is arranged on the bridge floor and is communicated with underground pollution discharge pipes on two sides of a river bank, and the sewage is collected into the pollution discharge channel and then enters an underground pipeline.
If the mode of direct drainage is adopted, sludge sundries on the bridge floor flow into rivers along with water, the rivers are easily polluted and difficult to clean, and the mode of discharging the water channels to the two sides of the river bank is adopted, so that the water discharging efficiency is limited, if strong rainfall seasons occur, a large amount of rainwater blocks up and overflows the water discharging channels, the bridge floor accumulates a large amount of rainwater and cannot be discharged in time, and the normal passing of vehicles and pedestrians on the bridge is influenced.
Therefore, a self-adjusting easy-drainage bridge is provided to solve the problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a self-adjusting easy-drainage bridge capable of automatically switching drainage modes, aiming at the problem that the drainage mode of a bridge deck is single and difficult.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: a self-adjusting easy-drainage bridge comprises a bridge body and drainage channels arranged on two sides of the bridge body, water outlets at two ends of the drainage channels are all arranged to extend to two ends of the bridge body, a plurality of straight drainage pipes extending to two sides of the bridge body are further arranged on the bridge body and communicated with the drainage channels, a containing cavity is arranged at the bottom of the drainage channels, a transparent daylighting plate is arranged on an upper end cover of the containing cavity, a lifting plate horizontally arranged is arranged in the containing cavity in a sealing and sliding mode, the lifting plate is made of transparent materials, an expansion agent is filled in a sealing space formed by the lower portion of the lifting plate and the containing cavity, a threaded rod is vertically arranged in the containing cavity, the upper end of the threaded rod sequentially penetrates through the lifting plate and the transparent daylighting plate and extends into the drainage channels, a splitter plate is arranged at the communication position of the drainage channels and the straight drainage pipes and fixedly connected with the threaded rod, and a threaded barrel is embedded in the lifting plate, the threaded barrel is sleeved outside the threaded rod and is in threaded fit with the threaded rod.
The invention has the advantages that:
at the early stage of heavy rainfall, accumulated water on the bridge floor is less, dust and sundries are more, water flow carries the dust and sundries to enter the drainage channel, the sewage is relatively turbid at the moment, the light transmittance is relatively low, external light is difficult to irradiate into the accommodating cavity through the turbid sewage, then gas in the expanding agent reacts to generate solids, the lifting plate is driven to move downwards under the action of air pressure, then the threaded rod is driven to rotate through the threaded barrel, the splitter plate is rotated to the communication position of the direct drainage pipe and the drainage channel, the pipe orifice of the direct drainage pipe is plugged, at the moment, less rainwater carries the sludge sundries to be discharged to two ends of the bridge body through the drainage channel, the river is prevented from being polluted by the sewage, and the rainwater cannot overflow to the;
later stage in the heavy rainfall, the rainfall is great, rainwater on the bridge floor is more, and the dust debris of bridge floor has been washed away by the rivers at the rainfall initial stage this moment, then rainwater this moment is comparatively limpid, the luminousness is stronger, the clear sewage of external light accessible shines into holding the intracavity, then the inflation agent is by solid-state decomposition reaction process gas under the catalytic action of crossing light this moment, the air pressure is under the effect and is pushed the lifter plate rebound, then drive the nozzle that the flow distribution plate rotates and leaves the straight drainage pipe, and will drain the canal shutoff, then rivers can be directly discharged to the river by straight drainage pipe this moment, drainage speed promotes greatly, the pollution to the river has been reduced, the inefficiency of drainage has effectively been solved simultaneously, the problem that the rainwater overflow influences the traffic, the drainage mode is nimble.
Preferably, the area of the flow distribution plate is larger than that of the pipe orifice of the straight drainage pipe, so that sewage is prevented from being directly discharged into a river.
Preferably, the maximum included angle that the flow distribution plate can form with the lateral wall of the drainage channel is 45 degrees, is favorable to the guide of rainwater to dredge and flows for the rate of drainage of rainwater, the flow distribution plate is made by elasticity deformable material, and the flow distribution plate can be deformed under the impact of rivers, has further promoted its drainage rate.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment 1 of a self-adjusting easy-drainage bridge provided by the invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic top view of a drainage channel at the early stage of rainfall according to an embodiment 1 of the self-adjusting easy-drainage bridge provided by the invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic top view of a drainage channel in the middle and later rainfall periods in an embodiment 1 of the self-adjusting easy-drainage bridge provided by the invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic top view of an embodiment 2 of the self-adjusting easy-drainage bridge according to the present invention, which is about to be connected with a middle and later stage drainage canal.
In the figure, 1 bridge; 2, draining a channel; 3, a direct drainage pipe; 4 an accommodating cavity; 5, a transparent daylighting panel; 6, lifting plates; 7, a threaded rod; 8 a flow distribution plate; 9 a threaded cylinder.
Detailed Description
The following examples are for illustrative purposes only and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1-3, a self-adjusting easy-drainage bridge comprises a bridge body 1 and drainage channels 2 arranged at two sides of the bridge body 1, and is characterized in that drainage ports at two ends of the drainage channels 2 extend to two ends of the bridge body 1, a plurality of straight drainage pipes 3 extending towards two sides of the bridge body are further arranged on the bridge body 1, the straight drainage pipes 3 are communicated with the drainage channels 2, a containing cavity 4 is arranged at the bottom of the drainage channels 2, a transparent daylighting panel 5 is arranged on an upper end cover of the containing cavity 4, a lifting plate 6 horizontally arranged is sealed and slid in the containing cavity 4, the lifting plate 6 is made of a transparent material, an expansion agent is filled in a sealed space formed below the lifting plate 6 and the containing cavity 4, the expansion agent is a mixture of silver bromide and copper oxide, the silver bromide can perform a decomposition reaction under the catalysis of the copper oxide and under the illumination condition, and the reaction equation is 2AgBr ═ 2Ag + Br ═2In which Br2For gaseous, hold vertical threaded rod 7 that is provided with in the chamber 4, the upper end of threaded rod 7 runs through lifter plate 6 and transparent plane skylight 5 in proper order and extends to the interior setting of drainage canal 2, drainage canal 2 and 3 intercommunication departments of direct drainage pipe are equipped with flow distribution plate 8, flow distribution plate 8's area is greater than the orificial area of direct drainage pipe 3, can be with the complete shutoff of the mouth of pipe of direct drainage pipe 3, avoid sewage directly to discharge into in the river, flow distribution plate 8 and 7 fixed connection of threaded rod, it is equipped with threaded cylinder 9 to run through in the lifter plate 6, threaded cylinder 9 cover is established outside threaded rod 7 and with 7 screw-thread fit of threaded rod.
The working principle of the embodiment is as follows: at the early stage of heavy rainfall, ponding on the bridge floor is less, and dust debris are more, and rivers carry dust debris to get into in the drainage channel 2, and sewage during consequently is comparatively muddy, and the luminousness is lower, and external light is difficult to shine into through muddy sewage and holds chamber 4 in, then the gaseous reaction in the expanding agent generates the solid, and the reaction equation is 2Ag + Br22AgBr, drive lifter plate 6 downstream under the atmospheric pressure effect, then through a threaded section of thick bamboo 9 downstream, because of a threaded section of thick bamboo 9 and 7 screw-thread fit of threaded rod, and threaded rod 7 is thick tooth screw thread, the screw lead angle is greater than the vice equivalent friction angle of spiral, then can drive threaded rod 7 and rotate, then flow distribution plate 8 is rotated to the intercommunication department of in line water pipe 3 and drainage canal 2, the mouth of pipe shutoff of in line water pipe 3, then less rainwater this moment is taken and is putThe impurities with the sludge are discharged to the two ends of the bridge body 1 through the drainage channels 2, the water flow direction is shown as the arrow in figure 2, the pollution of the river by the sewage is avoided, and the sewage cannot overflow to the bridge floor to influence the traffic;
later stage in the heavy rainfall, the rainfall is great, and the rainwater on the bridge floor is more, and the dust debris of bridge floor has been washed away by the rivers of rainfall initial stage this moment, and then the rainwater this moment is comparatively limpid, and the luminousness is stronger, and the clear sewage irradiation of external light accessible is into holding chamber 4 in, and then the expanding agent is by solid state decomposition reaction process gas under the catalytic action of light this moment, and the reaction equation is 2AgBr 2Ag + Br 2AgBr2Push 6 rebound of lifter plate under the atmospheric pressure effect, drive flow distribution plate 8 then and rotate the mouth of pipe that leaves water pipe 3 in line, and with the shutoff of drainage channel 2, then rivers can be by water pipe 3 in line directly discharge to the river this moment, the rivers direction is shown as the arrow in fig. 3, drainage speed promotes greatly, and need not worry the problem of polluting the river, the drainage efficiency has effectively been solved simultaneously, the problem of traffic is influenced in the rainwater overflow, the drainage mode is nimble.
Example 2
As shown in fig. 4, the present embodiment is different from embodiment 1 in that: the maximum included angle which the flow distribution plate 8 can form with the side wall of the drainage channel 2 is 45 degrees, and the flow distribution plate 8 is made of an elastic deformable material.
In this embodiment, be favorable to the guide of rainwater to dredge and flow for the discharge rate of rainwater, and flow distribution plate 8 can take place deformation under the impact of rivers, and curved flow distribution plate 8 can reduce the hindrance to rivers, and the rivers direction is as shown by the arrow in fig. 4, has further promoted its drainage rate.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements and the like that fall within the spirit and principle of the present invention are intended to be included therein.

Claims (3)

1. The self-adjusting bridge easy to drain comprises a bridge body (1) and drainage channels (2) arranged on two sides of the bridge body (1), and is characterized in that water outlets at two ends of the drainage channels (2) are extended to two ends of the bridge body (1), a plurality of straight drainage pipes (3) extended to two sides of the bridge body are further arranged on the bridge body (1), the straight drainage pipes (3) are communicated with the drainage channels (2), a containing cavity (4) is arranged at the bottom of the drainage channels (2), a transparent daylighting plate (5) is arranged on an upper end cover of the containing cavity (4), a lifting plate (6) horizontally arranged in the containing cavity (4) is sealed and slides in the containing cavity (4), the lifting plate (6) is made of a transparent material, an expanding agent is filled in a sealed space formed by the lower part of the lifting plate (6) and the containing cavity (4), a threaded rod (7) is vertically arranged in the containing cavity (4), the upper end of threaded rod (7) runs through lifter plate (6) and transparent plane skylight (5) in proper order and extends to and set up in drainage canal (2), drainage canal (2) and straight row water pipe (3) intercommunication department are equipped with flow distribution plate (8), flow distribution plate (8) and threaded rod (7) fixed connection, run through in lifter plate (6) and inlay and be equipped with a screw thread section of thick bamboo (9), screw thread section of thick bamboo (9) cover establish outside threaded rod (7) and with threaded rod (7) screw-thread fit.
2. Self-adjusting easy draining bridge according to claim 1, characterized in that the area of the flow distribution plate (8) is larger than the area of the orifice of the inline pipe (3).
3. The self-adjusting easy drainage bridge according to claim 1, wherein the maximum included angle which the flow distribution plate (8) can form with the side wall of the drainage channel (2) is 45 °, and the flow distribution plate (8) is made of an elastically deformable material.
CN202010674552.6A 2020-07-14 2020-07-14 Self-adjusting bridge easy to drain Active CN111719422B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010674552.6A CN111719422B (en) 2020-07-14 2020-07-14 Self-adjusting bridge easy to drain

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010674552.6A CN111719422B (en) 2020-07-14 2020-07-14 Self-adjusting bridge easy to drain

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN111719422A true CN111719422A (en) 2020-09-29
CN111719422B CN111719422B (en) 2022-08-12

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Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CH627660A5 (en) * 1977-03-09 1982-01-29 Passavant Werke Separating apparatus having a sink-material separator, light-material separator and emptying device
US4662782A (en) * 1984-10-23 1987-05-05 Walter Lambert Culvert beaver block
JPH10266112A (en) * 1997-03-28 1998-10-06 Kinki Univ Pavement with draining function
KR100898839B1 (en) * 2008-07-31 2009-05-22 주식회사 한국종합기술 Apparatus for reducing rainwater outflow
CN202746662U (en) * 2012-09-18 2013-02-20 衢州市依科达节能技术有限公司 Flow dividing drainage valve of water tank
CN103437281A (en) * 2013-07-24 2013-12-11 湖南省交通科学研究院 Bridge deck runoff collection treatment and emergency system
CN204690591U (en) * 2015-06-03 2015-10-07 魏崇亮 A kind of bridge drainage system
CN106400932A (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-02-15 安徽理工大学 Roof rainwater source clean storage and seepage device based on sponge city concept and running method
CN107326805A (en) * 2017-07-12 2017-11-07 张前 A kind of novel environment friendly highway bridge drainage arrangement
CN207714136U (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-08-10 卢西印 A kind of bridge drainage system
CN209323356U (en) * 2018-10-11 2019-08-30 安徽正奇建设有限公司 A kind of bridge drainage structure
CN110241721A (en) * 2019-06-28 2019-09-17 沈炜 Environmentally friendly easily blowdown bridge
CN111501542A (en) * 2020-05-06 2020-08-07 安徽黄晶梨农业科技有限公司 Urban road surface rainwater collecting system

Patent Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CH627660A5 (en) * 1977-03-09 1982-01-29 Passavant Werke Separating apparatus having a sink-material separator, light-material separator and emptying device
US4662782A (en) * 1984-10-23 1987-05-05 Walter Lambert Culvert beaver block
JPH10266112A (en) * 1997-03-28 1998-10-06 Kinki Univ Pavement with draining function
KR100898839B1 (en) * 2008-07-31 2009-05-22 주식회사 한국종합기술 Apparatus for reducing rainwater outflow
CN202746662U (en) * 2012-09-18 2013-02-20 衢州市依科达节能技术有限公司 Flow dividing drainage valve of water tank
CN103437281A (en) * 2013-07-24 2013-12-11 湖南省交通科学研究院 Bridge deck runoff collection treatment and emergency system
CN204690591U (en) * 2015-06-03 2015-10-07 魏崇亮 A kind of bridge drainage system
CN106400932A (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-02-15 安徽理工大学 Roof rainwater source clean storage and seepage device based on sponge city concept and running method
CN107326805A (en) * 2017-07-12 2017-11-07 张前 A kind of novel environment friendly highway bridge drainage arrangement
CN207714136U (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-08-10 卢西印 A kind of bridge drainage system
CN209323356U (en) * 2018-10-11 2019-08-30 安徽正奇建设有限公司 A kind of bridge drainage structure
CN110241721A (en) * 2019-06-28 2019-09-17 沈炜 Environmentally friendly easily blowdown bridge
CN111501542A (en) * 2020-05-06 2020-08-07 安徽黄晶梨农业科技有限公司 Urban road surface rainwater collecting system

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