CN111716132A - Simple tool magazine device for vertical milling machine and using method - Google Patents

Simple tool magazine device for vertical milling machine and using method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111716132A
CN111716132A CN202010761557.2A CN202010761557A CN111716132A CN 111716132 A CN111716132 A CN 111716132A CN 202010761557 A CN202010761557 A CN 202010761557A CN 111716132 A CN111716132 A CN 111716132A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tool rest
tool
rest
low
milling machine
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN202010761557.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王锐
刘伟
常文芬
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Beijing Precision Machinery & Engineering Research Co ltd
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Beijing Precision Machinery & Engineering Research Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Beijing Precision Machinery & Engineering Research Co ltd filed Critical Beijing Precision Machinery & Engineering Research Co ltd
Priority to CN202010761557.2A priority Critical patent/CN111716132A/en
Publication of CN111716132A publication Critical patent/CN111716132A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/155Arrangements for automatic insertion or removal of tools, e.g. combined with manual handling
    • B23Q3/157Arrangements for automatic insertion or removal of tools, e.g. combined with manual handling of rotary tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/08Protective coverings for parts of machine tools; Splash guards

Abstract

The invention discloses a simple tool magazine device for a vertical milling machine and a using method thereof, wherein the device part comprises a low tool rest, a high tool rest, a low tool rest mounting seat, a high tool rest mounting seat, a protective cover and a protective cover driving mechanism; the low tool rest is fixedly arranged on a workbench through the low tool rest mounting seat, the high tool rest is fixedly arranged on the workbench through the high tool rest mounting seat, and the height of the high tool rest is higher than that of the low tool rest; the protective cover is arranged on the workbench through the protective cover driving mechanism. The invention provides a simple tool magazine device for a vertical milling machine and a using method thereof.

Description

Simple tool magazine device for vertical milling machine and using method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of machining, in particular to a simple tool magazine device for a vertical milling machine and a using method of the simple tool magazine device.
Background
The vertical milling machine is widely applied to the field of metal processing, and can finish milling, boring, reaming, tapping and rough and fine processing of contours after a workpiece is clamped once. Compared with a vertical machining center, the most obvious difference of the vertical milling machine is that an automatic tool changer is not arranged, and the automatic tool changer is also called a tool magazine, so that an operator needs to manually change tools in the machining process of the vertical milling machine, and the machining efficiency is low.
Meanwhile, a tool magazine is required to be installed in a vertical machining center for upgrading a vertical milling machine, the cost is increased by nearly ten thousand yuan in terms of the current market price, and the acceptable degree is low due to the fact that the cost is greatly increased.
Therefore, how to develop a simple tool magazine device for a vertical milling machine with high machining efficiency and a using method thereof are problems to be solved by those skilled in the art.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above, the invention provides a simple tool magazine device for a vertical milling machine and a use method thereof.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a simple tool magazine device for a vertical milling machine comprises a low tool rest, a high tool rest, a low tool rest mounting seat, a high tool rest mounting seat, a protective cover and a protective cover driving mechanism; the low tool rest is fixedly arranged on a workbench through the low tool rest mounting seat, the high tool rest is fixedly arranged on the workbench through the high tool rest mounting seat, and the height of the high tool rest is higher than that of the low tool rest; the protective cover is arranged on the workbench through the protective cover driving mechanism;
the lower tool rest comprises a lower tool rest left clamping jaw and a lower tool rest right clamping jaw; one end of the lower tool rest left clamping jaw is hinged with the top surface of the lower tool rest mounting seat and is connected with a lower tool rest left clamping arm; one end of the lower tool rest right clamping jaw is hinged with the top surface of the lower tool rest mounting seat and is connected with a lower tool rest right clamping arm; a low tool rest clamping spring is arranged between the low tool rest left clamping arm and the low tool rest right clamping arm;
the high tool rest comprises a high tool rest left clamping jaw and a high tool rest right clamping jaw; one end of the high tool rest left clamping jaw is hinged with the top surface of the high tool rest mounting seat and is connected with a high tool rest left clamping arm; one end of the high tool rest right clamping jaw is hinged with the top surface of the high tool rest mounting seat and is connected with a high tool rest right clamping arm; a high tool rest clamping spring is arranged between the high tool rest left clamping arm and the high tool rest right clamping arm;
the protective cover driving mechanism comprises a horizontal cylinder, a horizontal cylinder mounting seat, a vertical cylinder mounting plate, a rolling guide rail, a sliding block and a rolling guide rail mounting seat, wherein the sliding block is arranged on the rolling guide rail in a sliding manner, and the rolling guide rail is arranged on a workbench through the rolling guide rail mounting seat and is positioned between the lower tool rest and the upper tool rest; the horizontal cylinder is arranged on the workbench through the horizontal cylinder mounting seat and is positioned on one side of the rolling guide rail mounting seat; the end part of a piston rod of the horizontal cylinder is fixedly connected with the sliding block; the vertical cylinder is installed on the vertical cylinder mounting plate, the vertical cylinder mounting plate is vertically connected to the sliding block, and the end part of a piston rod of the vertical cylinder is fixedly connected with the top end of the protective cover.
Compared with the prior art, the vertical milling machine has the advantages that the vertical milling machine can automatically change tools, the labor intensity of a machine tool operator is reduced, the working efficiency of the machine tool is improved, and meanwhile, the vertical milling machine is low in cost and has high practical value. One of the using conditions of the invention is that the machine tool needs to have a workbench which is large enough, and the workbench needs to have a space for installing a tool rest while installing a workpiece to be processed; secondly, the invention can automatically replace at most two cutters in the whole processing process, if a large enough space is available, more cutter holders can be installed, and the quantity of the cutters contained in the invention can be expanded.
The protective cover can protect the cutter to prevent the adhesion of cutting fluid and cutting chips, and the protective cover driving mechanism can control the protective cover to protect or remove the protection of the lower cutter frame and the upper cutter frame; the low tool rest and the high tool rest can accommodate two tools, and the design of height is adopted, so that interference in the tool changing process can be effectively prevented.
Preferably, in the above-mentioned simple and easy tool magazine device for vertical milling machine, the vertical gib block that is provided with on the slider, the gib block stretches into in the guide way that the protection casing set up, can carry out effectual direction to the lift of protection casing, guarantee that its motion trail does not take place the skew.
Preferably, in the above simple magazine tool device for a vertical milling machine, the guide bar and the guide groove are both T-shaped in cross section, and a sliding gap is left between the guide bar and the guide groove.
Preferably, in the above simple tool magazine device for a vertical milling machine, the lower tool rest left clamping jaw and the lower tool rest right clamping jaw are arranged oppositely, a region between the lower tool rest left clamping jaw and the lower tool rest right clamping jaw is a tool clamping region, and a tool can be clamped on the tool clamping region.
Preferably, in the above simple tool magazine device for a vertical milling machine, the high tool rest left clamping jaw and the high tool rest right clamping jaw are arranged oppositely, a region between the high tool rest left clamping jaw and the high tool rest right clamping jaw is a tool clamping region, and a tool can be clamped on the tool clamping region.
Preferably, in the simple tool magazine device for the vertical milling machine, the protective cover comprises a low tool rest cover, a high tool rest cover, a top plate and a side protective plate, and the low tool rest cover and the high tool rest cover are respectively connected to two ends of the top plate and are located below the top plate; the top edge of the side protection plate is connected with the top plate, and two side edges of the side protection plate are respectively connected with the low tool rest cover and the high tool rest cover; the end part of a piston rod of the vertical cylinder is fixedly connected with the center of the bottom of the top plate; the low tool rest cover and the high tool rest cover can effectively protect the low tool rest and the high tool rest.
Preferably, in the above simple tool magazine device for a vertical milling machine, magnetic rings are installed in the pistons of the horizontal cylinder and the vertical cylinder, magnetic switches are installed at two ends of the outer cylinder body of the horizontal cylinder and the outer cylinder body of the vertical cylinder, after the cylinders perform actions, the magnetic rings trigger the magnetic switches, and the magnetic switches all have corresponding signal outputs.
A use method of the simple tool magazine device for the vertical milling machine comprises the following steps: when tool changing is started, a piston rod of the vertical cylinder moves upwards to drive the protective cover to ascend, so that the protective cover ascends to the position above the low tool rest and the high tool rest, then the piston rod of the horizontal cylinder retracts to drive the sliding block to move towards one side of the low tool rest and one side of the high tool rest, so that the protective cover and the vertical cylinder which are positioned on the sliding block slide together with the sliding block and gradually leave away from the low tool rest and the high tool rest;
when a tool on a high tool rest needs to be replaced, the main shaft of the milling machine overcomes the elasticity of a clamping spring of the low tool rest through thrust, the tool is placed in a tool clamping area of the low tool rest, and then the milling machine releases the tool through tool-pulling rod loosening action of the main shaft; then the main shaft moves to the area where the high tool rest is located, the tool apron aligns to a tool on the high tool rest, then the milling machine clamps the tool through the broach action of a main shaft broach rod, the elasticity of a clamping spring of the high tool rest is overcome through tension, and the tool is taken out from the tool clamping area of the high tool rest;
when the tool needs to be replaced by a tool on a lower tool rest, the main shaft of the milling machine overcomes the elasticity of a clamping spring of the higher tool rest through thrust, the tool is placed in a tool clamping area of the higher tool rest, and then the milling machine releases the tool through tool-pulling rod loosening action of the main shaft; then the main shaft moves to the area where the lower tool rest is located, the tool apron aligns to a tool on the lower tool rest, then the milling machine clamps the tool through the tool drawing action of a tool drawing rod of the main shaft, the elastic force of a clamping spring of the lower tool rest is overcome through the tensile force, and the tool is taken out from the tool clamping area of the lower tool rest;
after tool changing is finished, a piston rod of the horizontal cylinder extends outwards, so that the protective cover and the vertical cylinder which are positioned on the sliding block slide together with the sliding block and are gradually close to the lower tool rest and the upper tool rest; after the protective cover reaches the upper parts of the lower knife rest and the upper knife rest, the piston rod of the vertical cylinder moves downwards to drive the protective cover to descend until the lower knife rest and the upper knife rest are covered, and the protection of the upper knife rest and the lower knife rest is finished.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the provided drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a front view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a side view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a top view of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a side view of the present invention with the upper and lower tool holders clamping a tool;
FIG. 5 is a top view of the lower and upper tool holders;
FIG. 6 is a view showing a state where the spindle is exchanged.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The embodiment of the invention discloses a simple tool magazine device for a vertical milling machine and a using method thereof, which can automatically change tools, not only reduce the labor intensity of a machine tool operator, but also improve the working efficiency of the machine tool.
A simple tool magazine device for a vertical milling machine comprises a low tool rest 1, a high tool rest 2, a low tool rest mounting seat 11, a high tool rest mounting seat 21, a protective cover 3 and a protective cover driving mechanism; wherein, the low tool rest 1 is fixedly arranged on the workbench 106 through the low tool rest mounting seat 11, the high tool rest 2 is fixedly arranged on the workbench 106 through the high tool rest mounting seat 21, and the height of the high tool rest 2 is higher than that of the low tool rest 1; the protective cover 3 is arranged on the workbench 106 through a protective cover driving mechanism;
the height of the low tool holder mount 11 depends on the maximum tool length; the height difference value of the low tool rest 1 and the high tool rest 2 depends on that the spindle box and the spindle 4 cannot interfere with the tool shank on the low tool rest 1 when the high tool rest 2 feeds tools; the installation distance between the low tool rest 1 and the high tool rest 2 depends on the main spindle box and the main spindle 4 can not interfere with the high tool rest 2 when the main spindle 4 delivers tools on the low tool rest 1;
the lower tool rest 1 comprises a lower tool rest left clamping jaw 12 and a lower tool rest right clamping jaw 13; one end of the lower tool rest left clamping jaw 12 is hinged with the top surface of the lower tool rest mounting seat 11 and is connected with a lower tool rest left clamping arm 14; one end of the lower tool rest right clamping jaw 13 is hinged with the top surface of the lower tool rest mounting seat 11 and is connected with a lower tool rest right clamping arm 15; a low tool rest clamping spring 16 is arranged between the low tool rest left clamping arm 14 and the low tool rest right clamping arm 15;
the high tool rest 2 comprises a high tool rest left clamping jaw 22 and a high tool rest right clamping jaw 23; one end of the high tool rest left clamping jaw 22 is hinged with the top surface of the high tool rest mounting seat 21 and is connected with a high tool rest left clamping arm 24; one end of the high tool rest right clamping jaw 23 is hinged with the top surface of the high tool rest mounting seat 21 and is connected with a high tool rest right clamping arm 25; a high tool rest clamping spring 26 is arranged between the high tool rest left clamping arm 24 and the high tool rest right clamping arm 25;
the protective cover driving mechanism comprises a horizontal cylinder 6, a horizontal cylinder mounting seat 7, a vertical cylinder 8, a vertical cylinder mounting plate 9, a rolling guide rail 10, a sliding block 101 and a rolling guide rail mounting seat 102, wherein the sliding block 101 is arranged on the rolling guide rail 10 in a sliding manner, and the rolling guide rail 10 is arranged on a workbench 106 through the rolling guide rail mounting seat 102 and is positioned between the low tool rest 1 and the high tool rest 2; the horizontal cylinder 6 is arranged on the workbench 106 through a horizontal cylinder mounting seat 7 and is positioned at one side of the rolling guide rail mounting seat 102; the end part of a piston rod of the horizontal cylinder 6 is fixedly connected with the sliding block 101; the vertical cylinder 8 is installed on the vertical cylinder mounting plate 9, the vertical cylinder mounting plate 9 is vertically connected to the sliding block 101, and the end part of the piston rod of the vertical cylinder 8 is fixedly connected with the top end of the protective cover 3.
In order to further optimize the technical scheme, the guide strips 103 are vertically arranged on the sliding block 101, and the guide strips 103 extend into the guide grooves 104 formed in the protective cover 3, so that the lifting of the protective cover 3 can be effectively guided, and the movement track of the protective cover is ensured not to deviate.
In order to further optimize the technical scheme, the sections of the guide strips 103 and the guide grooves 104 are both T-shaped, and a sliding gap is reserved between the guide strips 103 and the guide grooves 104.
In order to further optimize the technical scheme, the lower tool rest left clamping jaw 12 and the lower tool rest right clamping jaw 13 are arranged oppositely, a cutter clamping area is formed between the lower tool rest left clamping jaw 12 and the lower tool rest right clamping jaw 13, and a cutter can be clamped on the cutter clamping area.
In order to further optimize the technical scheme, the high tool rest left clamping jaw 22 and the high tool rest right clamping jaw 23 are arranged oppositely, a cutter clamping area is formed between the high tool rest left clamping jaw 22 and the high tool rest right clamping jaw 23, and a cutter can be clamped on the cutter clamping area.
In order to further optimize the technical scheme, the protective cover 3 comprises a low tool rest cover 31, a high tool rest cover 32, a top plate 33 and a side protective plate 34, wherein the low tool rest cover 31 and the high tool rest cover 32 are respectively connected to two ends of the top plate 33 and are positioned below the top plate 33; the top edge of the side protection plate 34 is connected with the top plate 33, and the two side edges are respectively connected with the low knife rest cover 31 and the high knife rest cover 32; the end part of a piston rod of the vertical cylinder 8 is fixedly connected with the center of the bottom of the top plate 33; the low tool holder cover 31 and the high tool holder cover 32 can effectively protect the low tool holder 1 and the high tool holder 2.
In order to further optimize the technical scheme, magnetic rings are arranged in the pistons of the horizontal cylinder 6 and the vertical cylinder 8, magnetic switches are arranged at two ends of the outer cylinder bodies of the horizontal cylinder 6 and the vertical cylinder 8, and after the cylinders perform actions, the magnetic rings trigger the magnetic switches which all have corresponding signal outputs.
A use method of the simple tool magazine device for the vertical milling machine comprises the following steps: when tool changing starts, a piston rod of the vertical cylinder 8 moves upwards to drive the protective cover 3 to ascend, so that the protective cover 3 ascends to be above the low tool rest 1 and the high tool rest 2, then, a piston rod of the horizontal cylinder 6 retracts to drive the sliding block 101 to move towards one side of the low tool rest 1 and one side of the high tool rest 2, so that the protective cover 3 and the vertical cylinder 8 which are positioned on the sliding block 101 slide together with the sliding block 101 and are gradually far away from the low tool rest 1 and the high tool rest 2;
when the tool 105 on the high tool rest 2 needs to be replaced, the main shaft 4 of the milling machine overcomes the elastic force of the low tool rest clamping spring 16 through thrust, the tool 105 is placed in the tool clamping area of the low tool rest 1, and then the milling machine pulls the tool rod 5 through the main shaft to release the tool 105; then the main shaft 4 moves to the area where the high tool rest 2 is located, the main shaft is aligned with the cutter 105 on the high tool rest 2, then the milling machine pulls the cutter rod 5 through the main shaft to clamp the cutter 105, the elastic force of the high tool rest clamping spring 26 is overcome through the pulling force, and the cutter 105 is taken out from the cutter clamping area of the high tool rest 2;
when the tool 105 on the lower tool rest 1 needs to be replaced, the main shaft 4 of the milling machine overcomes the elastic force of the clamping spring 26 of the upper tool rest through thrust, the tool 105 is placed in the tool clamping area of the upper tool rest 2, and then the milling machine pulls the tool rod 5 through the main shaft to release the tool 105; then the main shaft 4 moves to the area where the lower tool rest 1 is located, the main shaft is aligned with the tool 105 on the lower tool rest 1, then the milling machine pulls the tool rod 5 through the main shaft to clamp the tool 105, the elastic force of the lower tool rest clamping spring 16 is overcome through the pulling force, and the tool 105 is taken out from the tool clamping area of the lower tool rest 1;
after tool changing is finished, a piston rod of the horizontal cylinder 6 extends outwards, so that the protective cover 3 and the vertical cylinder 8 which are positioned on the sliding block 101 slide together with the sliding block 101 and are gradually close to the lower tool rest 1 and the upper tool rest 2; after the protective cover 3 reaches the upper parts of the low knife rest 1 and the high knife rest 2, the piston rod of the vertical cylinder 8 moves downwards to drive the protective cover 3 to descend until the low knife rest 1 and the high knife rest 2 are covered, and the protection of the high knife rest 2 and the low knife rest 1 is completed.
The embodiments in the present description are described in a progressive manner, each embodiment focuses on differences from other embodiments, and the same and similar parts among the embodiments are referred to each other. The device disclosed by the embodiment corresponds to the method disclosed by the embodiment, so that the description is simple, and the relevant points can be referred to the method part for description.
The previous description of the disclosed embodiments is provided to enable any person skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and the generic principles defined herein may be applied to other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Thus, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein.

Claims (8)

1. A simple tool magazine device for a vertical milling machine is characterized by comprising a low tool rest, a high tool rest, a low tool rest mounting seat, a high tool rest mounting seat, a protective cover and a protective cover driving mechanism; the low tool rest is fixedly arranged on a workbench through the low tool rest mounting seat, the high tool rest is fixedly arranged on the workbench through the high tool rest mounting seat, and the height of the high tool rest is higher than that of the low tool rest; the protective cover is arranged on the workbench through the protective cover driving mechanism;
the lower tool rest comprises a lower tool rest left clamping jaw and a lower tool rest right clamping jaw; one end of the lower tool rest left clamping jaw is hinged with the top surface of the lower tool rest mounting seat and is connected with a lower tool rest left clamping arm; one end of the lower tool rest right clamping jaw is hinged with the top surface of the lower tool rest mounting seat and is connected with a lower tool rest right clamping arm; a low tool rest clamping spring is arranged between the low tool rest left clamping arm and the low tool rest right clamping arm;
the high tool rest comprises a high tool rest left clamping jaw and a high tool rest right clamping jaw; one end of the high tool rest left clamping jaw is hinged with the top surface of the high tool rest mounting seat and is connected with a high tool rest left clamping arm; one end of the high tool rest right clamping jaw is hinged with the top surface of the high tool rest mounting seat and is connected with a high tool rest right clamping arm; a high tool rest clamping spring is arranged between the high tool rest left clamping arm and the high tool rest right clamping arm;
the protective cover driving mechanism comprises a horizontal cylinder, a horizontal cylinder mounting seat, a vertical cylinder mounting plate, a rolling guide rail, a sliding block and a rolling guide rail mounting seat, wherein the sliding block is arranged on the rolling guide rail in a sliding manner, and the rolling guide rail is arranged on a workbench through the rolling guide rail mounting seat and is positioned between the lower tool rest and the upper tool rest; the horizontal cylinder is arranged on the workbench through the horizontal cylinder mounting seat and is positioned on one side of the rolling guide rail mounting seat; the end part of a piston rod of the horizontal cylinder is fixedly connected with the sliding block; the vertical cylinder is installed on the vertical cylinder mounting plate, the vertical cylinder mounting plate is vertically connected to the sliding block, and the end part of a piston rod of the vertical cylinder is fixedly connected with the top end of the protective cover.
2. The simple tool magazine device for the vertical milling machine according to claim 1, wherein the slide block is vertically provided with a guide bar, and the guide bar extends into a guide groove of the protective cover.
3. The simple tool magazine device for the vertical milling machine according to claim 2, wherein the guide bar and the guide groove are both T-shaped in cross section, and a sliding gap is left between the guide bar and the guide groove.
4. The simple tool magazine device for vertical milling machines as claimed in claim 1, wherein the lower tool rest left clamping jaw is arranged opposite to the lower tool rest right clamping jaw, and the area between the lower tool rest left clamping jaw and the lower tool rest right clamping jaw is a tool clamping area.
5. The simple tool magazine device for a vertical milling machine according to claim 1, wherein the high tool rest left clamping jaw is arranged opposite to the high tool rest right clamping jaw, and a region between the high tool rest left clamping jaw and the high tool rest right clamping jaw is a tool clamping region.
6. The simple tool magazine device for the vertical milling machine according to claim 1, wherein the protective cover comprises a low tool rest cover, a high tool rest cover, a top plate and a side protective plate, and the low tool rest cover and the high tool rest cover are respectively connected to two ends of the top plate and are positioned below the top plate; the top edge of the side protection plate is connected with the top plate, and two side edges of the side protection plate are respectively connected with the low tool rest cover and the high tool rest cover; and the end part of a piston rod of the vertical cylinder is fixedly connected with the center of the bottom of the top plate.
7. The simple tool magazine device for the vertical milling machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the horizontal cylinder and the vertical cylinder are provided with magnetic rings in the pistons, and magnetic switches are provided at two ends of the outer cylinder body of the horizontal cylinder and the vertical cylinder.
8. The use method of the simple tool magazine device for the vertical milling machine is characterized by comprising the following steps of: when tool changing is started, a piston rod of the vertical cylinder moves upwards to drive the protective cover to ascend, so that the protective cover ascends to the position above the low tool rest and the high tool rest, then the piston rod of the horizontal cylinder retracts to drive the sliding block to move towards one side of the low tool rest and one side of the high tool rest, so that the protective cover and the vertical cylinder which are positioned on the sliding block slide together with the sliding block and gradually leave away from the low tool rest and the high tool rest;
when a tool on a high tool rest needs to be replaced, the main shaft of the milling machine overcomes the elasticity of a clamping spring of the low tool rest through thrust, the tool is placed in a tool clamping area of the low tool rest, and then the milling machine releases the tool through tool-pulling rod loosening action of the main shaft; then the main shaft moves to the area where the high tool rest is located, the tool apron aligns to a tool on the high tool rest, then the milling machine clamps the tool through the broach action of a main shaft broach rod, the elasticity of a clamping spring of the high tool rest is overcome through tension, and the tool is taken out from the tool clamping area of the high tool rest;
when the tool needs to be replaced by a tool on a lower tool rest, the main shaft of the milling machine overcomes the elasticity of a clamping spring of the higher tool rest through thrust, the tool is placed in a tool clamping area of the higher tool rest, and then the milling machine releases the tool through tool-pulling rod loosening action of the main shaft; then the main shaft moves to the area where the lower tool rest is located, the tool apron aligns to a tool on the lower tool rest, then the milling machine clamps the tool through the tool drawing action of a tool drawing rod of the main shaft, the elastic force of a clamping spring of the lower tool rest is overcome through the tensile force, and the tool is taken out from the tool clamping area of the lower tool rest;
after tool changing is finished, a piston rod of the horizontal cylinder extends outwards, so that the protective cover and the vertical cylinder which are positioned on the sliding block slide together with the sliding block and are gradually close to the lower tool rest and the upper tool rest; after the protective cover reaches the upper parts of the lower knife rest and the upper knife rest, the piston rod of the vertical cylinder moves downwards to drive the protective cover to descend until the lower knife rest and the upper knife rest are covered, and the protection of the upper knife rest and the lower knife rest is finished.
CN202010761557.2A 2020-07-31 2020-07-31 Simple tool magazine device for vertical milling machine and using method Pending CN111716132A (en)

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CN113601228A (en) * 2021-10-09 2021-11-05 北京博鲁斯潘精密机床有限公司 Tool changing device for milling aero-engine blade

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