CN111702508B - Double-channel numerical control machining tool - Google Patents

Double-channel numerical control machining tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111702508B
CN111702508B CN202010673402.3A CN202010673402A CN111702508B CN 111702508 B CN111702508 B CN 111702508B CN 202010673402 A CN202010673402 A CN 202010673402A CN 111702508 B CN111702508 B CN 111702508B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
mounting
frame
taking
jig
guide rail
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Application number
CN202010673402.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111702508A (en
Inventor
杨佳葳
王珲荣
晁阳升
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Yujing Machine Changsha Co ltd
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Yujing Machine Changsha Co ltd
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Priority to CN202010673402.3A priority Critical patent/CN111702508B/en
Publication of CN111702508A publication Critical patent/CN111702508A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/04Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of grippers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/01Frames, beds, pillars or like members; Arrangement of ways
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/01Frames, beds, pillars or like members; Arrangement of ways
    • B23Q1/012Portals
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/70Stationary or movable members for carrying working-spindles for attachment of tools or work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/155Arrangements for automatic insertion or removal of tools, e.g. combined with manual handling

Abstract

The invention relates to a double-channel numerical control processing machine tool which comprises a machine tool body, a manipulator device and a processing device. The mechanical arm device comprises a first portal frame, a first moving mechanism, a second moving mechanism and a material taking mechanism, and the processing device comprises a second portal frame, and a first processing mechanism and a second processing mechanism which are arranged on the second portal frame. The mechanical hand device and the processing device both adopt a suspension type structure, so that the upper space of the lathe bed is fully utilized, and the occupied area is reduced. The first processing mechanism and the second processing mechanism are provided with independent spindle boxes, tool magazine units, magazine units and positioning jig units, and are provided with mechanical arm devices integrating feeding and discharging, so that mutual influence between the first processing mechanism and the second processing mechanism is avoided, and the processing efficiency is effectively improved. The automatic part processing device realizes the automation of the loading, positioning and unloading processes of the automatic part processing, greatly reduces the participation of manpower, reduces the processing cost and further improves the production efficiency.

Description

Double-channel numerical control machining tool
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of numerical control machine tools, in particular to a double-channel numerical control machining machine tool.
Background
The numerical control machine tool is a device for automatically processing a processed part according to a processing program which is programmed in advance, so that the numerical control machine tool is most widely applied in the era that the labor cost is increasingly increased. The rapid development of economy leads to the demand of market to be more and more big, how to improve production efficiency and guarantee that machining precision becomes the main task in the machinery trade to the digit control machine tool that has appeared bull multistation simultaneous processing, but the interrelatedness influences each other between this digit control machine tool each head, leads to the precision of processing product to guarantee, can not improve machining efficiency in the true sense. In addition, before the machining of the parts, the processes of feeding, positioning, blanking and the like of the parts are required to be carried out, and the processes of the existing machining machine tool are all completed manually, so that the machining efficiency is seriously influenced.
Disclosure of Invention
Technical problem to be solved
In view of the above disadvantages and shortcomings of the prior art, the present invention provides a dual-channel numerical control machine tool, which solves the technical problems that the machining heads of the existing equipment are affected with each other and cannot automatically feed and discharge materials.
(II) technical scheme
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the main technical scheme that:
a double-channel numerical control processing machine tool comprises a machine tool body, a manipulator device and a processing device;
the manipulator device comprises a first portal frame, a first movement mechanism, a second movement mechanism and a material taking mechanism; the first portal frame is arranged on the bed body, the first movement mechanism is connected with the first portal frame in a sliding mode, the second movement mechanism is connected with the first movement mechanism in a sliding mode, the material taking mechanism is connected with the second movement mechanism in a rotating mode, the material taking mechanism rotates relative to the second movement mechanism, and the material taking mechanism can be turned from a loading state to a unloading state or from the unloading state to the loading state;
the machining device comprises a second portal frame, a first machining mechanism and a second machining mechanism, the second portal frame is arranged on the lathe bed, and the first machining mechanism and the second machining mechanism respectively comprise a tool magazine unit, a spindle box, a positioning jig unit and a magazine unit; the tool magazine unit is arranged on the second portal frame, the spindle box is connected with the second portal frame in a sliding mode, and the positioning jig unit and the material box unit are arranged on the lathe bed.
Optionally, the first gantry comprises a cross bar, a manipulator guide rail and uprights arranged in pairs;
the manipulator guide rail is arranged on the cross rod, and the extension direction of the manipulator guide rail is parallel to the cross rod;
the lower ends of the upright posts arranged in pairs are vertically connected with the lathe bed, and the upper ends of the upright posts arranged in pairs are vertically connected with the cross rod;
the material box unit is arranged between the two upright rods which are arranged in pairs and is positioned under the cross rod.
Optionally, the first movement mechanism includes a first driving unit, a first mounting bracket, and a first slide rail;
the first mounting frame is connected with the manipulator guide rail in a sliding manner;
the first slide rail is arranged on the first mounting rack, the extending direction of the first slide rail is vertical to the extending direction of the manipulator guide rail, and the extending direction of the first slide rail is parallel to the horizontal plane;
the first driving unit is arranged on the cross rod and used for driving the first mounting frame to move along the manipulator guide rail.
Optionally, the second movement mechanism includes a second driving unit, a second mounting bracket, and a second slide rail;
the second mounting rack is connected with the first sliding rail in a sliding manner;
the second slide rail is arranged on the second mounting rack, and the extending direction of the second slide rail is vertical to the horizontal plane;
the second driving unit is arranged on the first mounting rack and used for driving the second mounting rack to move along the first sliding rail.
Optionally, the material taking mechanism comprises a material taking frame, a material taking driving unit, a servo motor, a speed reducer, a connecting arm, a plurality of suction nozzles, a first mounting plate and a second mounting plate;
the material taking frame is connected with the second slide rail in a sliding manner, and the material taking driving unit is arranged on the second mounting frame and used for driving the material taking frame to move along the second slide rail;
the servo motor and the speed reducer are both arranged on the material taking frame, and an output shaft of the servo motor is connected with an input shaft of the speed reducer;
the first end of the connecting arm is rotatably connected with the material taking frame through a rotating shaft, an output shaft of the speed reducer is connected with the rotating shaft, and the rotating shaft is parallel to the extending direction of the first sliding rail;
the first mounting panel with the second mounting panel all with the second end vertical connection of linking arm, the first mounting panel with the second mounting panel sets up in the coplanar and based on the second end symmetric distribution of linking arm, the first mounting panel with all be provided with on the second mounting panel the suction nozzle.
Optionally, when the material taking mechanism is in a material loading state, the first mounting plate and the second mounting plate are located in the same vertical plane, and the first mounting plate is located above the second mounting plate;
when the material taking mechanism is in a blanking state, the first mounting plate and the second mounting plate are located in the same vertical plane, and the first mounting plate is located below the second mounting plate.
Optionally, the second gantry comprises a beam, a spindle guide rail, a spindle driving mechanism, and columns arranged in pairs;
one ends of the stand columns arranged in pairs are vertically connected with the lathe bed, one ends of the stand columns arranged in pairs are vertically connected with the cross beam, and the cross beam is parallel to the cross rod;
the spindle guide rail is arranged on the cross beam, and the extension direction of the spindle guide rail is parallel to the cross beam;
the spindle driving mechanism is arranged on the cross beam, the spindle box is connected with the spindle guide rail in a sliding mode, and the spindle driving mechanism can drive the spindle box to move along the spindle guide rail.
Optionally, the tool magazine unit includes tool magazine mounting bracket, connecting axle and installation disc, the tool magazine mounting bracket set up in on the stand, the one end of connecting axle with the tool magazine mounting bracket rotates to be connected, the other end of connecting axle with the centre of a circle of installation disc is connected, the installation disc is parallel with the horizontal plane, the connecting axle with the installation disc is perpendicular.
Optionally, the positioning jig unit includes an installation platform, a jig installation frame, a jig guide rail, a jig driving mechanism, an adsorption platform, a left positioning fixture, a right positioning fixture and a rear positioning fixture;
the mounting platform is arranged on the bed body;
the jig guide rail is arranged on the mounting platform, the extending direction of the jig guide rail is perpendicular to the cross rod, and the extending direction of the jig guide rail is parallel to the horizontal plane;
the jig mounting frame is connected with the jig guide rail in a sliding mode, the jig driving mechanism is arranged on the jig mounting frame and can drive the jig mounting frame to move along the jig guide rail;
the adsorption platform and the rear positioning clamp are both arranged on the jig mounting frame, and the adsorption platform is parallel to the horizontal plane;
the left and right positioning clamps are arranged on the mounting platform.
Optionally, the material box unit comprises a material box mounting frame, a first material storage box and a second material storage box, the material box mounting frame is arranged on the mounting platform, and the first material storage box and the second material storage box are arranged on the material box mounting frame and located below the material taking mechanism.
(III) advantageous effects
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the manipulator device and the processing device both adopt a suspension type structure, so that the upper space of the lathe bed is fully utilized, and the occupied area is reduced; the first processing mechanism and the second processing mechanism are provided with independent spindle boxes, tool magazine units, magazine units and positioning jig units, and are provided with mechanical arm devices integrating feeding and discharging, so that mutual influence between the first processing mechanism and the second processing mechanism is avoided, and the processing efficiency is effectively improved. Moreover, the mechanical arm device realizes the automation of the feeding and discharging processes of automatic part processing, the positioning jig unit realizes the quick positioning of the raw materials, the participation of manpower is greatly reduced, the processing cost is reduced, and the production efficiency is further improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a dual channel numerically controlled machine tool of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an installation schematic diagram of the manipulator apparatus of the dual channel numerically controlled machine tool of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a manipulator device of the dual-channel numerical control machine tool of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view at 107 of FIG. 3;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a magazine unit and a positioning jig unit of the dual-channel numerical control machine tool in fig. 1.
[ description of reference ]
100: a bed body; 1000: a plate material;
10: a first gantry; 101: a cross bar; 102: a manipulator guide rail; 103: erecting a rod;
11: a first movement mechanism; 110: a first drive unit; 111: a first mounting bracket; 112: a first slide rail;
12: a first movement mechanism; 121: a second driving unit; 122: a second mounting bracket; 123: a second slide rail;
13: a material taking mechanism; 131: a material taking frame; 132: a material taking driving unit; 133: a servo motor; 134: a speed reducer; 135: a connecting arm; 136: a suction nozzle; 137: a first mounting plate; 138: a second mounting plate;
20: a second gantry; 21: a first processing mechanism; 22: a second processing mechanism; 211: a tool magazine; 212: a main spindle box;
213: a positioning jig unit; 2131: mounting a platform; 2132: an adsorption platform; 2133: a left positioning clamp and a right positioning clamp; 2134: a rear positioning clamp;
214: a magazine unit; 2141: a magazine mounting bracket; 2142: a first storage box; 2143: a second storage box.
Detailed Description
For the purpose of better explaining the present invention and to facilitate understanding, the present invention will be described in detail by way of specific embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings. As used herein, the terms "upper", "lower", and the like are used with reference to the orientation of FIG. 1.
The embodiment of the invention provides a double-channel numerical control processing machine tool, which solves the technical problems that processing heads of the existing equipment are mutually influenced and automatic feeding, positioning and discharging cannot be realized. The invention discloses a double-channel numerical control processing machine tool, which comprises a machine tool body 100, a manipulator device and a processing device; the manipulator device comprises a first portal frame 10, a first movement mechanism 11, a second movement mechanism 12 and a material taking mechanism 13, and the processing device comprises a second portal frame 20, and a first processing mechanism 21 and a second framework mechanism 22 which are arranged on the second portal frame 20. The manipulator device and the processing device both adopt a suspension type structure, so that the upper space of the lathe bed 100 is fully utilized, and the occupied area is reduced; the first processing mechanism 21 and the second framework mechanism 22 are respectively provided with an independent headstock 212, a tool magazine unit, a magazine unit 214 and a positioning jig unit 213, and are provided with a manipulator device integrating feeding and discharging, so that mutual influence between the first processing mechanism 21 and the second framework mechanism 22 is avoided, and the processing efficiency is effectively improved. Moreover, the mechanical arm device realizes the automation of the feeding and discharging processes of the automatic part processing, the positioning jig unit 213 realizes the rapid positioning of the raw materials, the participation of manpower is greatly reduced, the processing cost is reduced, and the production efficiency is further improved.
In order to better understand the above technical solutions, exemplary embodiments of the present invention will be described in more detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings. While exemplary embodiments of the invention are shown in the drawings, it should be understood that the invention can be embodied in various forms and should not be limited to the embodiments set forth herein. Rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete, and will fully convey the scope of the invention to those skilled in the art.
The specific embodiment is as follows:
as shown in fig. 1, the dual-channel numerical control machine tool includes a bed 100, a robot device, and a machining device. The manipulator device comprises a first portal frame 10, a first movement mechanism 11, a second movement mechanism 12 and a material taking mechanism 13. The first portal frame 10 is arranged on the lathe bed 100, the first movement mechanism 11 is connected with the first portal frame 10 in a sliding mode, the second movement mechanism 12 is connected with the first movement mechanism 11 in a sliding mode, the material taking mechanism 13 is connected with the second movement mechanism 12 in a rotating mode, the material taking mechanism 13 rotates relative to the second movement mechanism 12, and the material taking mechanism 13 can be turned from a loading state to a unloading state or from the unloading state to the loading state. The first moving mechanism 11 realizes the movement in the X-axis direction, the second moving mechanism 12 realizes the movement in the Y-axis direction, and the material taking mechanism 13 realizes the movement in the Z-axis direction and simultaneously realizes the switching between the feeding state and the discharging state through the rotation of the material taking mechanism, thereby providing the automatic feeding and discharging process. The machining device comprises a second portal frame 20, a first machining mechanism 21 and a second framework mechanism 22, wherein the second portal frame 20 is arranged on the lathe bed 100, and the first machining mechanism 21 and the second framework mechanism 22 respectively comprise a tool magazine unit, a spindle box 212, a positioning jig unit 213 and a magazine unit 214. The tool magazine unit is disposed on the second portal frame 20, the spindle box 212 is slidably connected to the second portal frame 20, and the positioning jig unit 213 and the magazine unit 214 are disposed on the bed 100. The first processing mechanism 21 and the second framework mechanism 22 are respectively provided with an independent headstock 212, a tool magazine unit, a magazine unit 214 and a positioning jig unit 213, and are provided with a manipulator device integrating feeding and discharging, so that mutual influence between the first processing mechanism 21 and the second framework mechanism 22 is avoided, and the processing efficiency is effectively improved.
Further, as shown in fig. 2, the first gantry 10 includes a cross bar 101, a robot guide 102, and uprights 103 arranged in pairs. The manipulator guide rail 102 is arranged on the cross bar 101, and the extending direction of the manipulator guide rail 102 is parallel to the cross bar 101; the lower extreme of the pole setting 103 that sets up in pairs all is connected with lathe bed 100 is perpendicular, and the upper end of the pole setting 103 that sets up in pairs all is connected with horizontal pole 101 is perpendicular to guaranteed that horizontal pole 101 is parallel with the plane at lathe bed 100 place, also is horizontal pole 101 parallel with the horizontal plane, has improved first portal frame 10's stability, provides the powerful support for other equipment of manipulator device. In a preferred embodiment, the bed 100 is provided with paired mounting platforms 2131, and the paired upright posts 103 are connected with the paired mounting platforms 2131 in a one-to-one correspondence manner, so that the mounting stability is further improved. The material box unit 214 is arranged between the two upright rods 103 which are arranged in pairs and is positioned under the cross rod 101, so that a manipulator device can conveniently and quickly take and discharge materials from the material box unit 214, the lower space of the first portal frame 10 is fully utilized, the overall layout of the double-channel numerical control processing machine tool is more compact, and the occupied area of processing equipment is reduced.
As shown in fig. 2 and 3, the first movement mechanism 11 includes a first driving unit 110, a first mounting bracket 11, and a first slide rail 112. The first mounting frame 11 is slidably connected to the robot guide rail 102, and the first driving unit 110 is disposed on the cross bar 101 and is configured to drive the first mounting frame 11 to move along the robot guide rail 102, so as to implement movement in the X-axis direction. The first driving unit 110 may be various combinations of driving members and guide rails, for example, a combination of a servo motor 133 and a lead screw assembly, the first mounting frame 11 is fixedly connected to a sliding member of the lead screw assembly, the servo motor 133 is mounted on the cross bar 101, an output shaft of the servo motor 133 is connected to a lead screw of the lead screw assembly, and the servo motor 133 drives the first mounting frame 11 to move along the robot guide rail 102 by driving the lead screw to rotate, so as to implement movement in the X-axis direction. In another embodiment, the first driving unit 110 may also be composed of two cylinders symmetrically disposed at two ends of the manipulator guide rail 102, cylinder bodies of the two cylinders are disposed on the cross bar 101, piston rods of the two cylinders are perpendicularly connected to the first mounting frame 11, and the first moving mechanism 11 moves along the manipulator guide rail 102 by the opposite acting forces of the two cylinders. In addition, the first mounting frame 11 is further provided with a first slide rail 112, an extending direction of the first slide rail 112 is perpendicular to an extending direction of the robot guide rail 102, and the extending direction of the first slide rail 112 is parallel to a horizontal plane.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, the second moving mechanism 12 includes a second driving unit 121, a second mounting bracket 122, and a second sliding rail 123. The second mounting bracket 122 is slidably connected to the first slide rail 112 on the first moving mechanism 11, the moving direction of the second moving mechanism 12 is perpendicular to the moving direction of the first moving mechanism 11, and the second moving mechanism 12 moves along the Y axis. The second driving unit 121 is disposed on the first mounting frame 11 and is used for driving the second mounting frame 122 to move along the first sliding rail 112, and the second driving unit 121 may adopt the same structure as the first driving unit 110, which is not described in detail herein. In addition, the second slide rail 123 is disposed on the second mounting frame 122, and an extending direction of the second slide rail 123 is perpendicular to the horizontal plane.
As shown in fig. 3 and 4, the material taking mechanism 13 includes a material taking frame 131, a material taking drive unit 132, a servo motor 133, a speed reducer 134, a connecting arm 135, a plurality of suction nozzles 136, a first mounting plate 137, and a second mounting plate 138. Wherein, the material taking frame 131 is connected with the second slide rail 123 in a sliding manner, so that the material taking frame 131 can be arranged in the second mounting frame 122 in a sleeved manner, the space occupied by the material taking frame 131 is reduced, the structure of the material taking manipulator is more compact, and the moving space of the manipulator is enlarged. The reclaiming driving unit 132 is disposed on the second mounting frame 122 for driving the reclaiming frame 131 to move along the second slide rail 123, so as to realize the movement of the reclaiming mechanism 13 along the Z-axis direction, and the reclaiming driving unit 132 may adopt the same structure as the first driving unit 110, which will not be described in detail herein. The servo motor 133 and the speed reducer 134 are both arranged on the material taking frame 131, and an output shaft of the servo motor 133 is connected with an input shaft of the speed reducer 134. The first end of connecting arm 135 is connected through pivot and material taking frame 131 rotation, and the output shaft and the pivot of speed reducer 134 are connected, and the pivot is connected through the bearing with material taking frame 131, and the pivot is parallel with the extending direction of first slide rail 112, guarantees that connecting arm 135 can only rotate in a vertical plane. The back surfaces of the first mounting plate 137 and the second mounting plate 138 are both vertically connected with the second end of the connecting arm 135, the first mounting plate 137 and the second mounting plate 138 are arranged in the same plane and are symmetrically distributed based on the other end of the connecting arm 135, and the front surfaces of the first mounting plate 137 and the second mounting plate 138 are both provided with the suction nozzle 136.
Further, when the material taking mechanism 13 is in the feeding state, the first mounting plate 137 is located on the second mounting plate 138 and located in the same vertical plane, and the first mounting plate 137 is located above the second mounting plate 138; when the material taking mechanism 13 is in the blanking state, the first mounting plate 137 is located on the same vertical plane as the second mounting plate 138, and the first mounting plate 137 is located below the second mounting plate 138. When the material taking mechanism 13 performs a material loading process, the connecting arm 135 is rotated by the servo motor 133, so that the first mounting plate 137 and the second mounting plate 138 are located on the same vertical plane, the first mounting plate 137 is located above the second mounting plate 138, the plate 1000 to be processed is sucked from the magazine unit 214 through the nozzle on the second mounting plate 138, the connecting arm 135 is rotated, so that the front surfaces of the first mounting plate 137 and the second mounting plate 138 face downward, and the plate 1000 is sent to the positioning jig unit 213 through the first moving mechanism 11 and the second moving mechanism 12, thereby realizing the material loading process of the plate 1000. When the material taking mechanism 13 performs a blanking process, the servo motor 133 rotates to make the front surfaces of the first mounting plate 137 and the second mounting plate 138 face downwards, the plate 1000 is sucked from the positioning jig unit 213, the finished plate 1000 is sent to the magazine unit 214 through the first moving mechanism 11 and the second moving mechanism 12, and then the first mounting plate 137 and the second mounting plate 138 are located in the same vertical plane through the rotary connecting arm 135, the first mounting plate 137 is located below the second mounting plate 138, and the finished plate 1000 is sent to the magazine unit 214 through the first mounting plate 137, so that the material taking process of the plate 1000 is completed. The double-channel numerical control machining machine tool is fed and discharged by the same manipulator device, the structure of the double-channel numerical control machining machine tool is simplified, the manipulator device automatically completes the feeding and discharging processes, and machining efficiency is effectively improved.
As shown in fig. 1, the second gantry 20 includes a beam, a spindle guide, a spindle driving mechanism, and columns arranged in pairs. The one end of the stand that sets up in pairs all is connected with lathe bed 100 is perpendicular, and the one end of the stand that sets up in pairs all is connected with the crossbeam is perpendicular, and the crossbeam is parallel with horizontal pole 101. The stand that sets up in pairs passes through the mounting panel to be installed on lathe bed 100, and the crossbeam is connected with the stand is perpendicular, can effectively improve the stability of crossbeam. The main shaft guide rail is arranged on the cross beam, and the extending direction of the main shaft guide rail is parallel to the cross beam. The spindle driving mechanism is arranged on the cross beam, the spindle box 212 is connected with the spindle guide rail in a sliding mode, and the spindle driving mechanism can drive the spindle box 212 to move along the spindle guide rail, so that the spindle box 212 can move along the X-axis direction.
Next, referring to fig. 1 again, the tool magazine unit includes a tool magazine mounting frame, a connecting shaft and an installation disc, the tool magazine mounting frame is disposed on the column, one end of the connecting shaft is rotatably connected with the tool magazine mounting frame, the other end of the connecting shaft is connected with the center of a circle of the installation disc, the installation disc is parallel to the horizontal plane, the connecting shaft is perpendicular to the installation disc, the tool is installed on the installation disc, different machining tools are provided for the spindle boxes 212 through rotating the installation disc, switching is convenient and rapid, two spindle boxes 212 are provided with independent tool magazine 211 units, no influence is generated between each other, and therefore machining efficiency is improved.
Then, as shown in fig. 5, the positioning jig unit 213 includes a mounting platform 2131, a jig mounting frame, a jig guide rail, a jig driving mechanism, an adsorption platform 2132, left and right positioning jigs 2133, and a rear positioning jig 2134. The mounting platform 2131 is disposed on the bed 100, the jig guide rails are disposed on the mounting platform 2131, an extending direction of the jig guide rails is perpendicular to the cross bar 101, and the extending direction of the jig guide rails is parallel to the horizontal plane. The jig mounting frame is connected with the jig guide rail in a sliding mode, the jig driving mechanism is arranged on the jig mounting frame and can drive the jig mounting frame to move along the jig guide rail, so that the jig mounting frame is enabled to move horizontally in the direction perpendicular to the transverse rod 101, and the mounting frame can move along the Y-axis direction. Adsorption platform 2132 all sets up on the tool mounting bracket with back positioning fixture 2134 to adsorption platform 2132 is parallel with the horizontal plane, thereby guarantees that the face that panel 1000 was processed in the course of working is parallel in the horizontal plane, improves the precision of processing. The left and right positioning fixtures 2133 are arranged on the mounting platform 2131 and used for left and right positioning of the plate 1000 to be processed, and further processing efficiency is improved.
Finally, referring to fig. 5, the magazine unit 214 includes a magazine mounting rack 2141, a first storage box 2142, and a second storage box 2143, the magazine mounting rack 2141 is disposed on the mounting platform 2131, and the first storage box 2142 and the second storage box 2143 are both disposed on the magazine mounting rack 2141 and located below the material taking mechanism 13. The first storage case 2142 is used to store the board 1000 to be processed, and the second storage case 2143 is used to store the processed finished product.
The first processing mechanism 21 and the second framework mechanism 22 are respectively provided with an independent headstock 212, a tool magazine unit, a magazine unit 214 and a positioning jig unit 213, and are provided with a manipulator device integrating feeding and discharging, so that mutual influence between the first processing mechanism 21 and the second framework mechanism 22 is avoided, and the processing efficiency is effectively improved. Moreover, the mechanical hand device realizes the automation of the processes of feeding, positioning and discharging before the automatic processing of the parts, greatly reduces the participation of manpower, reduces the processing cost and further improves the production efficiency.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "first", "second" and the like are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implying any number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless specifically defined otherwise.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly and can, for example, be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally formed; can be mechanically or electrically connected; can be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate medium; either as communication within the two elements or as an interactive relationship of the two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, a first feature may be "on" or "under" a second feature, and the first and second features may be in direct contact, or the first and second features may be in indirect contact via an intermediate. Also, a first feature "on," "above," and "over" a second feature may be directly or obliquely above the second feature, or simply mean that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature may be directly under or obliquely under the second feature, or may simply mean that the first feature is at a lower level than the second feature.
In the description herein, the description of the terms "one embodiment," "some embodiments," "an embodiment," "an example," "a specific example" or "some examples" or the like, means that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above are not necessarily intended to refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples. Furthermore, various embodiments or examples and features of different embodiments or examples described in this specification can be combined and combined by one skilled in the art without contradiction.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described above, it should be understood that the above embodiments are illustrative and not restrictive, and that those skilled in the art may make changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations to the above embodiments without departing from the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. A double-channel numerical control machine tool is characterized by comprising a machine tool body, a manipulator device and a processing device;
the manipulator device comprises a first portal frame, a first movement mechanism, a second movement mechanism and a material taking mechanism; the first portal frame is arranged on the bed body, the first movement mechanism is connected with the first portal frame in a sliding mode, the second movement mechanism is connected with the first movement mechanism in a sliding mode, the material taking mechanism is connected with the second movement mechanism in a rotating mode, the material taking mechanism rotates relative to the second movement mechanism, and the material taking mechanism can be turned from a loading state to a unloading state or from the unloading state to the loading state;
the machining device comprises a second portal frame, a first machining mechanism and a second machining mechanism, the second portal frame is arranged on the lathe bed, and the first machining mechanism and the second machining mechanism respectively comprise a tool magazine unit, a spindle box, a positioning jig unit and a magazine unit; the tool magazine unit is arranged on the second portal frame, the spindle box is connected with the second portal frame in a sliding mode, and the positioning jig unit and the material box unit are arranged on the lathe bed;
the first portal frame comprises a cross rod, a manipulator guide rail and upright rods arranged in pairs; the manipulator guide rail is arranged on the cross rod, and the extension direction of the manipulator guide rail is parallel to the cross rod; the lower ends of the upright posts arranged in pairs are vertically connected with the lathe bed, and the upper ends of the upright posts arranged in pairs are vertically connected with the cross rod; the material box unit is arranged between the two upright rods arranged in pairs and is positioned right below the cross rod;
the first movement mechanism comprises a first driving unit, a first mounting frame and a first sliding rail; the first mounting frame is connected with the manipulator guide rail in a sliding manner; the first slide rail is arranged on the first mounting rack, the extending direction of the first slide rail is vertical to the extending direction of the manipulator guide rail, and the extending direction of the first slide rail is parallel to the horizontal plane; the first driving unit is arranged on the cross rod and used for driving the first mounting frame to move along the manipulator guide rail;
the second movement mechanism comprises a second driving unit, a second mounting frame and a second sliding rail; the second mounting rack is connected with the first sliding rail in a sliding manner; the second slide rail is arranged on the second mounting rack, and the extending direction of the second slide rail is vertical to the horizontal plane; the second driving unit is arranged on the first mounting rack and used for driving the second mounting rack to move along the first slide rail;
the material taking mechanism comprises a material taking frame, a material taking driving unit, a servo motor, a speed reducer, a connecting arm, a plurality of suction nozzles, a first mounting plate and a second mounting plate; the material taking frame is connected with the second slide rail in a sliding manner, and the material taking driving unit is arranged on the second mounting frame and used for driving the material taking frame to move along the second slide rail; the servo motor and the speed reducer are both arranged on the material taking frame, and an output shaft of the servo motor is connected with an input shaft of the speed reducer; the first end of the connecting arm is rotatably connected with the material taking frame through a rotating shaft, an output shaft of the speed reducer is connected with the rotating shaft, and the rotating shaft is parallel to the extending direction of the first sliding rail; the first mounting panel with the second mounting panel all with the second end vertical connection of linking arm, the first mounting panel with the second mounting panel sets up in the coplanar and based on the second end symmetric distribution of linking arm, the first mounting panel with all be provided with on the second mounting panel the suction nozzle.
2. The dual channel numerically controlled machine tool as in claim 1, wherein said first mounting plate and said second mounting plate are in the same vertical plane when said take-off mechanism is in the loading state, said first mounting plate being above said second mounting plate;
when the material taking mechanism is in a blanking state, the first mounting plate and the second mounting plate are located in the same vertical plane, and the first mounting plate is located below the second mounting plate.
3. The dual-channel numerical control machine tool of claim 1, wherein the second gantry comprises a beam, a spindle guide, a spindle drive mechanism, and columns arranged in pairs;
one ends of the stand columns arranged in pairs are vertically connected with the lathe bed, one ends of the stand columns arranged in pairs are vertically connected with the cross beam, and the cross beam is parallel to the cross rod;
the spindle guide rail is arranged on the cross beam, and the extension direction of the spindle guide rail is parallel to the cross beam;
the spindle driving mechanism is arranged on the cross beam, the spindle box is connected with the spindle guide rail in a sliding mode, and the spindle driving mechanism can drive the spindle box to move along the spindle guide rail.
4. The dual-channel numerical control machine tool according to claim 3, wherein the tool magazine unit comprises a tool magazine mounting frame, a connecting shaft and a mounting disc, the tool magazine mounting frame is arranged on the stand column, one end of the connecting shaft is rotatably connected with the tool magazine mounting frame, the other end of the connecting shaft is connected with the circle center of the mounting disc, the mounting disc is parallel to the horizontal plane, and the connecting shaft is perpendicular to the mounting disc.
5. The dual-channel numerical control machine tool according to claim 1, wherein the positioning jig unit comprises a mounting platform, a jig mounting frame, a jig guide rail, a jig driving mechanism, an adsorption platform, left and right positioning clamps and a rear positioning clamp;
the mounting platform is arranged on the bed body;
the jig guide rail is arranged on the mounting platform, the extending direction of the jig guide rail is perpendicular to the cross rod, and the extending direction of the jig guide rail is parallel to the horizontal plane;
the jig mounting frame is connected with the jig guide rail in a sliding mode, the jig driving mechanism is arranged on the jig mounting frame and can drive the jig mounting frame to move along the jig guide rail;
the adsorption platform and the rear positioning clamp are both arranged on the jig mounting frame, and the adsorption platform is parallel to the horizontal plane;
the left and right positioning clamps are arranged on the mounting platform.
6. The dual-channel numerical control machine tool according to claim 5, wherein the magazine unit comprises a magazine mounting bracket, a first storage box and a second storage box, the magazine mounting bracket is arranged on the mounting platform, and the first storage box and the second storage box are both arranged on the magazine mounting bracket and are located below the material taking mechanism.
CN202010673402.3A 2020-07-14 2020-07-14 Double-channel numerical control machining tool Active CN111702508B (en)

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