CN111688069A - Efficient rubber crushing and recycling device and crushing and recycling method thereof - Google Patents

Efficient rubber crushing and recycling device and crushing and recycling method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111688069A
CN111688069A CN202010575646.8A CN202010575646A CN111688069A CN 111688069 A CN111688069 A CN 111688069A CN 202010575646 A CN202010575646 A CN 202010575646A CN 111688069 A CN111688069 A CN 111688069A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
crushing
shaped
frame
herringbone
motor
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Pending
Application number
CN202010575646.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
卢再佰
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Beihai Chuanchuang Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Beihai Chuanchuang Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202010575646.8A priority Critical patent/CN111688069A/en
Publication of CN111688069A publication Critical patent/CN111688069A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B17/04Disintegrating plastics, e.g. by milling
    • B29B17/0412Disintegrating plastics, e.g. by milling to large particles, e.g. beads, granules, flakes, slices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • B02C18/142Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers with two or more inter-engaging rotatable cutter assemblies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/22Feed or discharge means
    • B02C18/2216Discharge means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/24Drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/10Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator arranged in discharge path of crushing or disintegrating zone
    • B02C23/12Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator arranged in discharge path of crushing or disintegrating zone with return of oversize material to crushing or disintegrating zone
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/30Shape or construction of rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/42Driving mechanisms; Roller speed control
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • B03C1/26Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated with free falling material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • B03C1/30Combinations with other devices, not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B17/02Separating plastics from other materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B17/02Separating plastics from other materials
    • B29B2017/0213Specific separating techniques
    • B29B2017/0268Separation of metals
    • B29B2017/0272Magnetic separation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B17/04Disintegrating plastics, e.g. by milling
    • B29B2017/0424Specific disintegrating techniques; devices therefor
    • B29B2017/044Knives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B17/04Disintegrating plastics, e.g. by milling
    • B29B2017/0424Specific disintegrating techniques; devices therefor
    • B29B2017/0476Cutting or tearing members, e.g. spiked or toothed cylinders or intermeshing rollers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/52Mechanical processing of waste for the recovery of materials, e.g. crushing, shredding, separation or disassembly
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/62Plastics recycling; Rubber recycling

Abstract

The invention discloses an efficient rubber crushing and recycling device and a crushing and recycling method thereof, belonging to the technical field of rubber crushing, and the efficient rubber crushing and recycling device comprises: the lower parts of the front and rear end parts are both closed U-shaped outer frames, and the U-shaped outer frames are hollowed and have thickness; the herringbone blanking plate is arranged between the left inner wall and the right inner wall of the U-shaped outer frame; two groups of triangular pyramid guide blocks are arranged at the top of the herringbone blanking plate, two triangular pyramid guide blocks are arranged in each group, and the outer sides of the triangular pyramid guide blocks are level to the U-shaped outer frame; discharge holes which are respectively arranged at the left end part and the right end part of the U-shaped outer frame are respectively positioned at the bottoms of the left side and the right side of the herringbone blanking plate; the crushing mechanism is arranged on the U-shaped outer frame and is positioned on the upper side of the herringbone blanking plate; the gear transmission mechanism arranged on the U-shaped outer frame is convenient for high-efficiency crushing and good magnetic separation, and effectively improves the crushing and magnetic separation efficiency.

Description

Efficient rubber crushing and recycling device and crushing and recycling method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of rubber crushing, in particular to a high-efficiency rubber crushing and recycling device and a crushing and recycling method thereof.
Background
The rubber material has excellent viscoelasticity, high elasticity, electric insulation property, durability, solvent resistance and other performances after vulcanization, and is widely applied to life and production of people, wherein the rubber material is most used in the aspects of automobile tires, rubber shoes and the like, the consumption of rubber is more and more, the waste rubber is more and more, and as the waste rubber cannot be naturally decomposed, a large amount of waste rubber is accumulated, and a large amount of waste tires are accumulated and improperly treated, so that the environment is seriously polluted while resource waste is caused, black pollution is caused, the waste tires are properly treated and resources are recycled, the environment can be protected, and sustainable development is realized.
The patent publication No. CN103991149B discloses a recycled rubber recycling, crushing and deironing system, which comprises the steps of crushing a tire which is coarsely crushed into blocks firstly into coarse particles by a rubber coarse crusher, and then carrying out magnetic separation. Compared with the existing magnetic separation method which directly crushes rubber into powder, the method has the advantages that the steel wire is not completely crushed into iron powder, the magnetic separation efficiency is high, and the iron removal rate is high. Secondly, the coarse particles are magnetically separated by a full-magnetic roller before reaching the rubber powder pulverizer, so that the iron-containing rubber particles are completely removed, and the iron-containing rubber can return to the rubber coarse pulverizer for pulverization. Through the magnetic separation of the full-magnetic roller twice, the clearance rate of the steel wire reaches more than 99 percent. The content of iron powder in the finished rubber powder is greatly reduced, the production efficiency is high, the above patent adopts a mechanical method to realize good magnetic separation of iron impurities in rubber, but the above patent has the following problems: the rubber magnetic separation device can only achieve the iron removal function of rubber, the crushing and iron removal of the rubber are mostly divided into two steps as is well known, the crushing and magnetic separation of the rubber are divided into two steps, the rubber processing efficiency is increased undoubtedly, and how to perform the magnetic separation well while crushing efficiently is the technical problem of the solution needed by people.
Disclosure of Invention
1. Technical problem to be solved
Aiming at the problems in the prior art, the invention aims to provide an efficient rubber crushing and recycling device and a crushing and recycling method thereof, which are convenient for performing good magnetic separation while efficiently crushing, and effectively improve the crushing and magnetic separation efficiency.
2. Technical scheme
In order to solve the problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
an efficient rubber crumb recovery device comprising:
the lower parts of the front and rear end parts are both closed U-shaped outer frames, and the U-shaped outer frames are hollowed and have thickness;
the herringbone blanking plate is arranged between the left inner wall and the right inner wall of the U-shaped outer frame;
the triangular pyramid guide blocks are arranged at the top of the herringbone blanking plate, two triangular pyramid guide blocks are arranged in each group, and the outer sides of the triangular pyramid guide blocks are level to the U-shaped outer frame;
discharge holes which are respectively arranged at the left end part and the right end part of the U-shaped outer frame are respectively positioned at the bottoms of the left side and the right side of the herringbone blanking plate;
the crushing mechanism is arranged on the U-shaped outer frame and is positioned on the upper side of the herringbone blanking plate;
the gear transmission mechanism is arranged on the U-shaped outer frame and is also connected with the crushing mechanism to realize the rotation of the crushing mechanism;
the dovetail conveying pipe mechanisms are respectively arranged at the left end part and the right end part of the U-shaped outer frame and consist of a first inclined conveying pipe, a vertical conveying pipe, a second inclined conveying pipe, a first arc-shaped bent pipe and a second arc-shaped bent pipe, the first inclined conveying pipe is arranged at an outer hole opening of the discharge hole and is connected with the U-shaped outer frame, the vertical conveying pipe is positioned at the outer side of the first inclined conveying pipe, the vertical conveying pipe is connected with the first inclined conveying pipe through the first arc-shaped bent pipe, the second inclined conveying pipe is arranged at the inner side of the vertical conveying pipe, and the second inclined conveying pipe is connected with the vertical conveying pipe through the second arc-shaped bent pipe;
the spiral conveying mechanism is arranged in the vertical conveying pipe and is also connected with the first arc-shaped bent pipe;
an annular electromagnet arranged on the circumferential surface of the second inclined conveying pipe;
the herringbone blanking device comprises a herringbone blanking channel arranged at the top of the herringbone blanking plate and a herringbone electromagnet stop block which is arranged on the inner wall of the herringbone blanking channel in a sliding manner and matched with the herringbone blanking channel;
the lifting mechanism is arranged in the U-shaped outer frame and is also connected with the herringbone electromagnet stop block to realize the up-and-down lifting of the herringbone electromagnet stop block;
the crushing mechanism is arranged in the U-shaped outer frame and is positioned at the lower side of the lifting mechanism;
the belt transmission mechanism is arranged on the U-shaped outer frame and is also connected with the crushing mechanism to realize the rotation of the crushing mechanism;
the magnetic separation device is convenient for efficient crushing and good magnetic separation, and effectively improves the crushing and magnetic separation efficiency.
As a preferable scheme of the invention, the crushing mechanism comprises two crushing shafts and two thread crushing rollers, the crushing shafts are rotatably arranged between the left inner wall and the right inner wall of the U-shaped outer frame, the right end part of each crushing shaft movably penetrates through the U-shaped outer frame and extends to the outer side of the U-shaped outer frame, the movable penetrating parts of the crushing shafts and the U-shaped outer frame are rotatably matched through bearings, the thread crushing rollers are arranged on the circumferential surface of the crushing shafts, and threads on the two thread crushing rollers are mutually mirrored.
As a preferable scheme of the present invention, the gear transmission mechanism includes a second motor, first gears and second gears, the second motor is disposed at a right end of the U-shaped outer frame, the first gears are disposed at an output end of the second motor, two second gears are disposed, the two first gears are respectively connected with right ends of the two crushing shafts, and one of the second gears is engaged with the first gear to realize transmission.
As a preferable scheme of the present invention, each set of the spiral conveying mechanisms includes a first motor, a conveying shaft, and a spiral conveying blade, the first motor is disposed on a surface of the first arc-shaped bent pipe, an output end of the first motor movably penetrates through the first arc-shaped bent pipe and extends to an inner side thereof, the conveying shaft is disposed at an output end of the first motor, the spiral conveying blade is disposed on a circumferential surface of the conveying shaft, and the spiral conveying blade extends to a top side of the second arc-shaped bent pipe.
As a preferable scheme of the present invention, the lifting mechanism includes a fixing rod and an electric cylinder, the fixing rod is disposed between the left and right inner walls of the U-shaped outer frame, the electric cylinder is disposed on the fixing rod, and an extension end of the electric cylinder is connected to the chevron-shaped electromagnet stopper.
As a preferred scheme of the invention, the crushing mechanism comprises a crushing shaft and two auger crushing blades, the crushing shaft and the auger crushing blades are respectively arranged in two numbers, the crushing shaft is rotatably arranged between the front inner wall and the rear inner wall of the U-shaped outer frame, the front end part of the crushing shaft movably penetrates through the U-shaped outer frame and extends to the outer side of the U-shaped outer frame, the movable penetrating parts of the crushing shaft and the U-shaped outer frame are rotatably matched through bearings, the auger crushing blades are arranged on the circumferential surface of the crushing shaft, and the two auger crushing blades are respectively positioned at the lower sides of the two herringbone electromagnet stop blocks.
As a preferable scheme of the present invention, the belt transmission mechanism includes a third motor, a second transmission wheel, a first transmission belt, a third transmission wheel, a fourth transmission wheel, a second transmission belt and a first transmission wheel, the third motor is disposed at a front end portion of the U-shaped outer frame, the first transmission wheel is disposed at an output end of the third motor, the second transmission wheel is disposed on a circumferential surface of the third motor, the second transmission wheel is disposed at a front side of the U-shaped outer frame, the first transmission belt is disposed between the first transmission wheel and the second transmission wheel, the third transmission wheel and the fourth transmission wheel are respectively disposed at front end portions of the two crushing shafts, and the second transmission belt is disposed between the third transmission wheel and the fourth transmission wheel.
As a preferable scheme of the invention, each group of the support assemblies comprises a support rod and a support seat, the support rod is arranged at the bottom of the U-shaped outer frame, and the support seat is arranged at the bottom of the support rod.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the central axes of the first inclined conveying pipe, the vertical conveying pipe, the second inclined conveying pipe, the first arc-shaped bent pipe and the second arc-shaped bent pipe are flush with the central axes of the two thread crushing rollers.
An efficient rubber crushing and recycling method comprises the following steps:
s1, primary crushing: simultaneously starting a second motor, a herringbone electromagnet stop block, two annular electromagnets and two first motors, putting coarse rubber particles to be crushed into a U-shaped outer frame through the middle of two thread crushing rollers, driving the first gears to rotate by the rotation of the output end of the second motor, driving one of the second gears to rotate by the rotation of the first gears, driving the other second gear to rotate by the rotation of the second gears, thereby leading the two crushing shafts to rotate in different steering directions, and performing primary crushing under the action of the two threaded crushing rollers, the threads on the two thread crushing rollers are in mirror image with each other, so that an excellent crushing effect is achieved, the crushed rubber particles fall onto the herringbone blanking plate, and are prevented from falling to the outer side through blocking and guiding of the two triangular pyramid guide blocks, and meanwhile, the crushed rubber particles respectively slide and are guided to the orifices of the two discharge holes and enter the inner side of the discharge holes;
s2, magnetic separation: in the primary crushing process, the crushed rubber particles slide downwards on the herringbone blanking plate, so that part of iron impurities are adsorbed under the action of strong magnetic force of the herringbone electromagnet stop block, magnetic separation is carried out, the crushed rubber particles enter the discharge hole and slide into the first arc bent pipe under the action of the first inclined conveying pipe, the output end of the first motor rotates to drive the conveying shaft and the spiral conveying blade to rotate, so that the rubber particles in the first arc bent pipe are lifted upwards and conveyed and slide into the second inclined conveying pipe through the second arc bent pipe, when the rubber particles slide into the second inclined conveying pipe, part of the iron impurities are adsorbed under the action of the strong magnetic force of the annular electromagnet, magnetic separation is carried out again, the rubber particles after magnetic separation fall between the two threaded crushing rollers again, and further, the circular and reciprocating magnetic separation is carried out, in the circular and reciprocating crushing and magnetic separation processes, carrying out efficient crushing and magnetic separation on coarse rubber particles;
s3, final crushing: after the step S1 and the step S230-40 min are carried out in a circulating and reciprocating manner, a third motor is started in advance, then an electric cylinder is started to shorten the extension end of the electric cylinder, the extension end of the electric cylinder is shortened to drive a herringbone electromagnet stop block to move downwards, the herringbone electromagnet stop block is separated from a herringbone blanking channel, after rubber particles after primary crushing fall downwards through the herringbone blanking channel, the electric cylinder is stopped to prevent the rubber particles from being shortened, the output end of the third motor rotates to drive a first transmission wheel to rotate, the first transmission wheel drives a second transmission wheel to rotate through a first transmission belt, so that one crushing shaft rotates, the crushing shaft rotates to drive a third transmission wheel to rotate, the third transmission wheel rotates to drive a fourth transmission wheel to rotate through a second transmission belt, the rotation of the other crushing shaft is realized, the two crushing shafts synchronously rotate to drive two auger crushing blades to rotate, so that the rubber particles after the downward falling are crushed again, the rubber particles are efficiently crushed, and part of the rubber particles cannot directly fall down through the herringbone blanking channel, so that the step S1 and the step S2 can be continuously and circularly performed, and the second motor, the two first motors and the third motor are closed until all the rubber particles fall down through the herringbone blanking channel;
s4, discharging: open discharge valve, use corresponding case that gathers materials to arrange the ejection of compact funnel downside in, the rubber granules after will smashing is collected, and after whole ejection of compact, will gather materials the case and remove to one side, close two ring shape electro-magnet and chevron shape electro-magnet dog, because after the outage, they no longer have strong magnetic force, so iron impurity can drop downwards because of the reason of gravity to fall out through ejection of compact funnel, accomplish the magnetic separation.
3. Advantageous effects
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that:
(1) the invention realizes the rotation of the crushing mechanism through the driving of the gear transmission mechanism, thereby performing good preliminary crushing on coarse rubber particles, the rubber particles after preliminary crushing fall onto the herringbone blanking plate and respectively slide towards two sides, not only can be prevented from falling to the outer side of the U-shaped outer frame through the action of two groups of triangular pyramid guide baffle blocks, but also has good guide effect, multiple purposes are achieved at one time, the rubber particles are guided to slide to the orifice of the discharge hole and enter the first inclined conveying pipe through the discharge hole, magnetic separation is performed under the strong magnetic force action of the herringbone electromagnet baffle block in the process that the rubber particles slide downwards, the herringbone electromagnet baffle block is matched with the herringbone blanking channel to realize the matching with the herringbone blanking plate, not only iron impurities can be adsorbed, but also the rubber particles can be prevented from falling so as to realize the sliding towards two sides, the effect of screw conveyor constructs transports downwards, through second slope conveyer pipe landing to between two screw thread crushing rollers, the endless smashes and the magnetic separation, and the in-process of landing simultaneously in second slope conveyer pipe carries out the magnetic separation once more through annular electromagnet's effect, thereby the circulation is reciprocal to carry out efficient and smashes and the magnetic separation, and this in-process, the effect of the earth's heart attraction of still good utilization makes its landing.
(2) The invention realizes the rotation of the crushing mechanism through the driving of the belt transmission mechanism, thereby carrying out crushing again and further increasing the crushing effect.
(3) The invention utilizes the ring-shaped electromagnet and the herringbone electromagnet stop block to be electrified with strong magnetic force and to be powered off without magnetic force, thereby completing the separation of materials and iron impurities.
(4) The magnetic separator is convenient for high-efficiency crushing and good magnetic separation, effectively improves the crushing and magnetic separation efficiency, and has outstanding substantive characteristics and remarkable progress through ingenious structural application and common living knowledge.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is an overall perspective view of a high efficiency rubber pulverizing recovery unit of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a partial perspective view of a high efficiency rubber pulverizing and recovery unit of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a cut away perspective view of a high efficiency rubber pulverizing recovery unit of the present invention.
The reference numbers in the figures illustrate:
1U-shaped outer frame, 2 supporting components, 21 supporting rods, 22 supporting seats, 3 dovetail conveying pipe mechanisms, 31 first inclined conveying pipes, 32 vertical conveying pipes, 33 second inclined conveying pipes, 34 first arc-shaped bent pipes, 35 second arc-shaped bent pipes, 4 spiral conveying mechanisms, 41 first motors, 42 conveying shafts, 43 spiral conveying blades, 5 crushing mechanisms, 51 crushing shafts, 52 thread crushing rollers, 6 gear transmission mechanisms, 61 second motors, 62 first gears, 63 second gears, 7 annular electromagnets, 8 discharge holes, 9 triangular pyramid guide blocks, 10 herringbone blanking plates, 11 crushing mechanisms, 111 crushing shafts, 112 auger crushing blades, 12 belt transmission mechanisms, 121 third motors, 122 second transmission wheels, 123 first transmission belts, 124 third transmission wheels, 125 fourth transmission wheels, 126 second transmission belts, 127 first transmission wheels, 13 herringbone stop blocks and 14 lifting mechanisms, 141 fixed rod, 142 electric cylinder, 15 discharging funnel and 16 herringbone blanking channel.
Detailed Description
The technical solution in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. It is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all embodiments, and all other embodiments obtained by those skilled in the art without any inventive work are within the scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "upper", "lower", "inner", "outer", "top/bottom", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplification of description, but do not indicate or imply that the referred device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first" and "second" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "disposed," "sleeved/connected," "connected," and the like are to be construed broadly, e.g., "connected," which may be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Example (b):
referring to fig. 1-3, an efficient rubber pulverizing and recycling apparatus includes:
the lower parts of the front end part and the rear end part are both closed U-shaped outer frames 1, and the U-shaped outer frames 1 are hollow and have thickness;
the herringbone blanking plate 10 is fixedly arranged between the left inner wall and the right inner wall of the U-shaped outer frame 1, the herringbone blanking plate 10 is used for blanking crushed rubber particles, and the crushed rubber particles slide to two sides by utilizing gravity;
the rubber particle falling device comprises two groups of triangular pyramid guide stop blocks 9 fixedly arranged at the top of a herringbone blanking plate 10, wherein two triangular pyramid guide stop blocks 9 are arranged in each group, the outer sides of the triangular pyramid guide stop blocks 9 are level to the U-shaped outer frame 1, the triangular pyramid guide stop blocks are not only stopped to be prevented from falling to the outer side of the U-shaped outer frame 1 under the action of the two groups of triangular pyramid guide stop blocks 9, and meanwhile, the rubber particle falling device has a good guiding effect, so that rubber particles can slide to the central positions of two sides, and multiple purposes can be achieved;
the discharging holes 8 are respectively formed in the left end portion and the right end portion of the U-shaped outer frame 1, the two discharging holes 8 are respectively located at the bottoms of the left side and the right side of the herringbone blanking plate 10, and the discharging holes 8 are used for blanking rubber particles;
the crushing mechanism 5 is arranged on the U-shaped outer frame 1, the crushing mechanism 5 is located on the upper side of the herringbone blanking plate 10, the crushing mechanism 5 comprises a crushing shaft 51 and two thread crushing rollers 52, the two crushing shafts 51 and the two thread crushing rollers 52 are arranged, the crushing shaft 51 is rotatably arranged between the left inner wall and the right inner wall of the U-shaped outer frame 1, the right end part of the crushing shaft 51 movably penetrates through the U-shaped outer frame 1 and extends to the outer side of the U-shaped outer frame, the movably penetrating parts of the crushing shaft 51 and the U-shaped outer frame 1 are in rotating fit through bearings, the thread crushing rollers 52 are fixedly arranged on the circumferential surface of the crushing shaft 51, threads on the two thread crushing rollers 52 are in mirror image with each other, coarse rubber particles are well crushed through the action of the two thread crushing rollers 52, and the crushing effect is better on the first floor due to the fact that the threads on;
the gear transmission mechanism 6 is arranged on the U-shaped outer frame 1, the gear transmission mechanism 6 is further connected with the crushing mechanism 5 to realize the rotation of the gear transmission mechanism 6, the gear transmission mechanism 6 comprises a second motor 61, a first gear 62 and a second gear 63, the fixed second motor 61 is arranged at the right end part of the U-shaped outer frame 1, the fixed first gear 62 is arranged at the output end of the second motor 61, the number of the second gears 63 is two, the two first gears 62 are respectively and fixedly connected with the right end parts of the two crushing shafts 51, one second gear 63 is mutually meshed with the first gear 62 to realize the transmission, the output end of the second motor 61 rotates to drive the first gear 62 to rotate, the first gear 62 rotates to drive one second gear 63 to rotate, the second gear 63 rotates to drive the other second gear 63 to rotate, so that the two crushing shafts 51 rotate in different steering directions, and the two thread crushing rollers 52 rotate, crushing is realized;
dovetail conveying pipe mechanisms 3 respectively arranged at the left and right end parts of the U-shaped outer frame 1, the dovetail conveying pipe mechanisms 3 are composed of a first inclined conveying pipe 31, a vertical conveying pipe 32, a second inclined conveying pipe 33, a first arc-shaped bent pipe 34 and a second arc-shaped bent pipe 35, the first inclined conveying pipe 31 is arranged at the outer hole opening of the discharge hole 8 and is fixedly connected with the U-shaped outer frame 1, the vertical conveying pipe 32 is positioned at the outer side of the first inclined conveying pipe 31, the vertical conveying pipe 32 is fixedly connected with the first inclined conveying pipe 31 through the first arc-shaped bent pipe 34, the second inclined conveying pipe 33 is arranged at the inner side of the vertical conveying pipe 32, the second inclined conveying pipe 33 is connected with the vertical conveying pipe 32 through the fixed second arc-shaped bent pipe 35, the central axes of the first inclined conveying pipe 31, the vertical conveying pipe 32, the second inclined conveying pipe 33, the first arc-shaped bent pipe 34 and the second arc-shaped bent pipe 35, rubber particles in the discharge hole 8 slide into the first arc-shaped bent pipe 34 through the first inclined conveying pipe 31, are conveyed upwards under the action of the spiral conveying mechanism 4, enter the second arc-shaped bent pipe 35 to slide into the second inclined conveying pipe 33 again, and finally slide into the space between the two thread crushing rollers 52 through the second inclined conveying pipe 33;
a group of spiral conveying mechanisms 4 arranged in the vertical conveying pipe 32, the spiral conveying mechanisms 4 are also connected with the first arc-shaped bent pipe 34, each group of spiral conveying mechanisms 4 comprises a first motor 41, a conveying shaft 42 and a spiral conveying blade 43, the first motor 41 is fixedly arranged on the surface of the first arc-shaped bent pipe 34, and the output end of the first motor 41 movably penetrates the first arc-shaped bent pipe 34 and extends to the inner side thereof, the conveying shaft 42 is fixedly arranged at the output end of the first motor 41, the spiral conveying blade 43 is fixedly arranged on the circumferential surface of the conveying shaft 42, and the spiral conveying blade 43 extends to the top side of the second arc-shaped bent pipe 35, the output end of the first motor 41 rotates to drive the conveying shaft 42 and the spiral conveying blade 43 to rotate, thereby lifting and transporting the rubber particles in the first arc-shaped bent pipe 34 upwards, and sliding the rubber particles into the second inclined conveying pipe 33 through the second arc-shaped bent pipe 35;
the annular electromagnet 7 is fixedly arranged on the circumferential surface of the second inclined conveying pipe 33, the annular electromagnet 7 has strong magnetic force when being electrified, so that iron impurities are well adsorbed, and the annular electromagnet does not have magnetic force when being powered off, so that the iron impurities fall off;
the herringbone blanking device comprises a herringbone blanking channel 16 arranged at the top of the herringbone blanking plate 10 and a herringbone electromagnet stop block 13 which is arranged on the inner wall of the herringbone blanking channel 16 in a sliding mode and matched with the herringbone blanking channel, magnetic separation is carried out under the action of strong magnetic force of the herringbone electromagnet stop block 13 in the process that rubber particles slide downwards, the herringbone electromagnet stop block 13 is matched with the herringbone blanking channel 16 to be matched with the herringbone blanking plate 10, iron impurities can be adsorbed, and the rubber particles can be prevented from falling down to slide towards two sides, so that multiple purposes are achieved;
the lifting mechanism 14 is arranged in the U-shaped outer frame 1, the lifting mechanism 14 is further connected with the herringbone electromagnet stop 13 to achieve vertical lifting, the lifting mechanism 14 comprises a fixing rod 141 and an electric cylinder 142, the fixing rod 141 is fixedly arranged between the left inner wall and the right inner wall of the U-shaped outer frame 1, the electric cylinder 142 is fixedly arranged on the fixing rod 141, the extending end of the electric cylinder 142 is fixedly connected with the herringbone electromagnet stop 13, and the extension or the shortening of the electric cylinder 142 can achieve separation of the herringbone electromagnet stop 13 from the herringbone blanking channel 16, so that rubber particles can fall downwards through the herringbone blanking channel 16;
the crushing mechanism 11 is arranged in the U-shaped outer frame 1, the crushing mechanism 11 is positioned on the lower side of the lifting mechanism 14, the crushing mechanism 11 comprises a crushing shaft 111 and two auger crushing blades 112, the crushing shaft 111 and the auger crushing blades 112 are both provided with two parts, the crushing shaft 111 is rotatably arranged between the front inner wall and the rear inner wall of the U-shaped outer frame 1, the front end part of the crushing shaft 111 movably penetrates through the U-shaped outer frame 1 and extends to the outer side of the U-shaped outer frame, the movable penetrating parts of the crushing shaft 111 and the U-shaped outer frame 1 are rotatably matched through bearings, the auger crushing blades 112 are fixedly arranged on the circumferential surface of the crushing shaft 111, the two auger crushing blades 112 are respectively positioned on the lower sides of the two herringbone electromagnet stoppers 13, and the crushing shaft 111 and the auger crushing blades 112 crush rubber particles again to further improve the crushing effect;
the belt transmission mechanism 12 is arranged on the U-shaped outer frame 1, the belt transmission mechanism 12 is further connected with the crushing mechanism 11 to realize the rotation of the crushing mechanism, the belt transmission mechanism 12 comprises a third motor 121, a second transmission wheel 122, a first transmission belt 123, a third transmission wheel 124, a fourth transmission wheel 125, a second transmission belt 126 and a first transmission wheel 127, the third motor 121 is fixedly arranged at the front end part of the U-shaped outer frame 1, the first transmission wheel 127 is fixedly arranged at the output end of the third motor 121, the second transmission wheel 122 is fixedly arranged on the circumferential surface of the third motor 121, the second transmission wheel 122 is positioned at the front side of the U-shaped outer frame 1, the first transmission belt 123 is arranged between the first transmission wheel 127 and the second transmission wheel 122, the third transmission wheel 124 and the fourth transmission wheel 125 are respectively and fixedly arranged at the front end parts of the two crushing shafts 111, the second transmission belt 126 is arranged between the third transmission wheel 124 and the fourth transmission wheel 125, the output end of the third motor 121 rotates to drive the first transmission wheel 127 to rotate, the first transmission wheel 127 drives the second transmission wheel 122 to rotate through the first transmission belt 123, so that one crushing shaft 111 rotates, the crushing shaft 111 rotates to drive the third transmission wheel 124 to rotate, the third transmission wheel 124 rotates to drive the fourth transmission wheel 125 to rotate through the second transmission belt 126, the rotation of the other crushing shaft 111 is realized, the two crushing shafts 111 synchronously rotate to drive the two auger crushing blades 112 to rotate, and therefore rubber particles falling downwards are crushed again and efficiently;
the fixed ejection of compact funnel 15 that sets up in 1 bottom center department of U type frame and set up a set of supporting component 2 in 1 bottom four corners department of U type frame respectively, install ejection of compact valve on the ejection of compact funnel 15, and ejection of compact funnel 15 and 1 intercommunication of U type frame, ejection of compact funnel 15 is used for realizing the ejection of compact, the size that ejection of compact valve is used for adjusting ejection of compact flow, every supporting component 2 of group all includes bracing piece 21 and supporting seat 22, bracing piece 21 is fixed to be set up in the bottom of U type frame 1, supporting seat 22 is fixed to be set up in the bottom of bracing piece 21. The support bar 21 and the support seat 22 are used for supporting the U-shaped outer frame 1 well, and are well known to those skilled in the art.
An efficient rubber crushing and recycling method comprises the following steps:
s1, primary crushing: simultaneously starting the second motor 61, the herringbone electromagnet stop 13, the two annular electromagnets 7 and the two first motors 41, placing the coarse rubber particles to be crushed into the U-shaped outer frame 1 through the middle of the two thread crushing rollers 52, rotating the output end of the second motor 61 to drive the first gear 62 to rotate, rotating the first gear 62 to drive one of the second gears 63 to rotate, rotating the second gear 63 to drive the other second gear 63 to rotate, so that the two crushing shafts 51 are rotated in different directions of rotation, thereby performing primary crushing by the action of the two screw crushing rollers 52, the threads on the two thread crushing rollers 52 are in mirror image with each other, so that an excellent crushing effect is achieved, the crushed rubber particles fall onto the herringbone blanking plate 10, and are prevented from falling outwards by blocking and guiding of the two groups of triangular pyramid guide blocks 9, and meanwhile, the crushed rubber particles respectively slide and are guided to the orifices of the two discharge holes 8 and enter the inner sides of the discharge holes;
s2, magnetic separation: in the primary crushing process, the crushed rubber particles slide down on the herringbone blanking plate 10, so that part of iron impurities are adsorbed and magnetically separated under the action of strong magnetic force of the herringbone electromagnet stop 13, the crushed rubber particles enter the discharge hole 8 and slide into the first arc-shaped bent pipe 34 under the action of the first inclined conveying pipe 31, the output end of the first motor 41 rotates to drive the conveying shaft 42 and the spiral conveying blade 43 to rotate, so that the rubber particles in the first arc-shaped bent pipe 34 are lifted upwards and conveyed and slide into the second inclined conveying pipe 33 through the second arc-shaped bent pipe 35, when sliding into the second inclined conveying pipe 33, part of iron impurities are adsorbed and magnetically separated again under the action of strong magnetic force of the annular electromagnet 7, the rubber particles subjected to magnetic separation drop between the two thread crushing rollers 52 again, and further subjected to circular and reciprocating crushing magnetic separation, in the process of circularly reciprocating crushing and magnetic separation, the coarse rubber particles are efficiently crushed and magnetically separated;
s3, final crushing: after the steps S1 and S230-40 min are carried out in a circulating and reciprocating manner, the third motor 121 is started in advance, then the electric cylinder 142 is started to shorten the extension end of the electric cylinder 142, the extension end of the electric cylinder 142 is shortened to drive the herringbone electromagnet block 13 to move downwards, the herringbone electromagnet block 13 is separated from the herringbone blanking channel 16, after the rubber particles which are primarily crushed fall downwards through the herringbone blanking channel 16, the electric cylinder 142 is stopped to enable the rubber particles not to be shortened, the output end of the third motor 121 rotates to drive the first transmission wheel 127 to rotate, the first transmission wheel 127 drives the second transmission wheel 122 to rotate through the first transmission belt 123, so that one crushing shaft 111 rotates, the crushing shaft 111 rotates to drive the third transmission wheel 124 to rotate, the third transmission wheel 124 rotates to drive the fourth transmission wheel 125 to rotate through the second transmission belt 126, the rotation of the other crushing shaft 111 is realized, the two crushing shafts 111 synchronously rotate to drive the two auger crushing blades 112 to rotate, therefore, the rubber particles after falling are crushed again, the rubber particles are crushed efficiently, and part of the rubber particles cannot directly fall through the herringbone blanking channel 16, so that the steps S1 and S2 are continuously and circularly performed until all the rubber particles fall through the herringbone blanking channel 16, and the second motor 61, the two first motors 41 and the third motor 121 are turned off;
s4, discharging: open discharge valve, use corresponding case that gathers materials to arrange 15 downside in ejection of compact funnel in, the rubber granules after will smashing is collected, and after whole ejection of compact, will gather materials the case and remove to one side, close two ring shape electro-magnet 7 and chevron shape electro-magnet dog 13, because after the outage, they no longer have strong magnetic force, consequently iron impurity can drop downwards because of the reason of gravity to fall out through ejection of compact funnel 15, accomplish the magnetic separation.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art should be considered to be within the technical scope of the present invention, and the equivalent replacement or change according to the technical solution and the modified concept of the present invention should be covered by the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. An efficient rubber pulverizing and recycling device, comprising:
the lower parts of the front end part and the rear end part are both closed U-shaped outer frames (1), and the U-shaped outer frames (1) are hollowed out and have thickness;
a herringbone blanking plate (10) arranged between the left inner wall and the right inner wall of the U-shaped outer frame (1);
the device comprises two groups of triangular pyramid guide stop blocks (9) arranged at the top of a herringbone blanking plate (10), wherein two triangular pyramid guide stop blocks (9) are arranged in each group, and the outer sides of the triangular pyramid guide stop blocks (9) are level to a U-shaped outer frame (1);
discharge holes (8) respectively formed in the left end portion and the right end portion of the U-shaped outer frame (1), wherein the two discharge holes (8) are respectively located at the bottoms of the left side and the right side of the herringbone blanking plate (10);
the crushing mechanism (5) is arranged on the U-shaped outer frame (1), and the crushing mechanism (5) is positioned on the upper side of the herringbone blanking plate (10);
the gear transmission mechanism (6) is arranged on the U-shaped outer frame (1), and the gear transmission mechanism (6) is also connected with the crushing mechanism (5) to realize the rotation of the crushing mechanism;
dovetail conveying pipe mechanisms (3) respectively arranged at the left end part and the right end part of the U-shaped outer frame (1), the dovetail conveying pipe mechanism (3) consists of a first inclined conveying pipe (31), a vertical conveying pipe (32), a second inclined conveying pipe (33), a first arc-shaped bent pipe (34) and a second arc-shaped bent pipe (35), the first inclined conveying pipe (31) is arranged at the outer orifice of the discharging hole (8) and is connected with the U-shaped outer frame (1), the vertical conveying pipe (32) is positioned outside the first inclined conveying pipe (31), and the vertical conveying pipe (32) is connected with the first inclined conveying pipe (31) through a first arc-shaped elbow pipe (34), the second inclined duct (33) is arranged inside the vertical duct (32), the second inclined conveying pipe (33) is connected with the vertical conveying pipe (32) through a second arc-shaped bent pipe (35);
the spiral conveying mechanism (4) is arranged in the vertical conveying pipe (32), and the spiral conveying mechanism (4) is also connected with the first arc-shaped bent pipe (34);
an annular electromagnet (7) provided on the circumferential surface of the second inclined carrier pipe (33);
a herringbone blanking channel (16) arranged at the top of the herringbone blanking plate (10) and a herringbone electromagnet stop block (13) which is arranged on the inner wall of the herringbone blanking channel (16) in a sliding manner and is matched with the herringbone blanking channel;
the lifting mechanism (14) is arranged in the U-shaped outer frame (1), and the lifting mechanism (14) is also connected with the herringbone electromagnet stop block (13) to realize the up-and-down lifting of the herringbone electromagnet stop block;
the crushing mechanism (11) is arranged in the U-shaped outer frame (1), and the crushing mechanism (11) is positioned at the lower side of the lifting mechanism (14);
the belt transmission mechanism (12) is arranged on the U-shaped outer frame (1), and the belt transmission mechanism (12) is also connected with the crushing mechanism (11) to realize the rotation of the crushing mechanism;
the discharging device comprises a discharging funnel (15) arranged at the center of the bottom of a U-shaped outer frame (1) and a group of supporting assemblies (2) respectively arranged at four corners of the bottom of the U-shaped outer frame (1), and a discharging valve is arranged on the discharging funnel (15).
2. The efficient rubber crushing and recycling device according to claim 1, wherein the crushing mechanism (5) comprises two crushing shafts (51) and two threaded crushing rollers (52), the crushing shafts (51) and the threaded crushing rollers (52) are arranged, the crushing shafts (51) are rotatably arranged between the left inner wall and the right inner wall of the U-shaped outer frame (1), the right end parts of the crushing shafts (51) movably penetrate through the U-shaped outer frame (1) and extend to the outer side of the U-shaped outer frame, the movable penetrating parts of the crushing shafts (51) and the U-shaped outer frame (1) are rotatably matched through bearings, the threaded crushing rollers (52) are arranged on the circumferential surface of the crushing shafts (51), and the threads on the two threaded crushing rollers (52) are mirror images of each other.
3. The efficient rubber crushing and recycling device of claim 2, wherein the gear transmission mechanism (6) comprises a second motor (61), a first gear (62) and a second gear (63), the second motor (61) is arranged at the right end of the U-shaped outer frame (1), the first gear (62) is arranged at the output end of the second motor (61), two second gears (63) are arranged, the two first gears (62) are respectively connected with the right end of the two crushing shafts (51), and one second gear (63) is meshed with the first gear (62) to realize transmission.
4. A high-efficiency rubber pulverizing and recovering device according to claim 3, wherein each set of said screw conveying mechanism (4) comprises a first motor (41), a conveying shaft (42) and a screw conveying blade (43), said first motor (41) is disposed on the surface of the first curved pipe (34), and the output end of the first motor (41) movably penetrates the first curved pipe (34) and extends to the inner side thereof, said conveying shaft (42) is disposed on the output end of the first motor (41), said screw conveying blade (43) is disposed on the circumferential surface of the conveying shaft (42), and the screw conveying blade (43) extends to the top side of the second curved pipe (35).
5. The efficient rubber pulverizing and recycling device of claim 4, wherein the lifting mechanism (14) comprises a fixing rod (141) and an electric cylinder (142), the fixing rod (141) is arranged between the left and right inner walls of the U-shaped outer frame (1), the electric cylinder (142) is arranged on the fixing rod (141), and the extended end of the electric cylinder (142) is connected with the herringbone electromagnet stopper (13).
6. The efficient rubber crushing and recycling device of claim 5, wherein the crushing mechanism (11) comprises a crushing shaft (111) and an auger crushing blade (112), the crushing shaft (111) and the auger crushing blade (112) are both provided with two, the crushing shaft (111) is rotated and arranged between the front inner wall and the rear inner wall of the U-shaped outer frame (1), the front end part of the crushing shaft (111) penetrates through the U-shaped outer frame (1) and extends to the outer side of the U-shaped outer frame, the movable penetrating positions of the crushing shaft (111) and the U-shaped outer frame (1) are matched in a rotating mode through a bearing, the auger crushing blade (112) is arranged on the circumferential surface of the crushing shaft (111), and the two auger crushing blades (112) are respectively positioned at the lower sides of the two herringbone electromagnet stoppers (13).
7. The efficient rubber pulverizing and recycling device of claim 6, wherein the belt transmission mechanism (12) comprises a third motor (121), a second transmission wheel (122), a first transmission belt (123), a third transmission wheel (124), a fourth transmission wheel (125), a second transmission belt (126) and a first transmission wheel (127), the third motor (121) is arranged at the front end of the U-shaped frame (1), the first transmission wheel (127) is arranged at the output end of the third motor (121), the second transmission wheel (122) is arranged on the circumferential surface of the third motor (121), the second transmission wheel (122) is arranged at the front side of the U-shaped frame (1), the first transmission belt (123) is arranged between the first transmission wheel (127) and the second transmission wheel (122), the third transmission wheel (124) and the fourth transmission wheel (125) are respectively arranged at the front ends of the two pulverizing shafts (111), the second transmission belt (126) is arranged between the third transmission wheel (124) and the fourth transmission wheel (125) in a transmission way.
8. An efficient rubber crushing and recycling device according to claim 7, wherein each group of said supporting components (2) comprises a supporting rod (21) and a supporting seat (22), said supporting rod (21) is arranged at the bottom of the U-shaped outer frame (1), said supporting seat (22) is arranged at the bottom of the supporting rod (21).
9. A high efficiency rubber pulverizing and recycling apparatus according to claim 8, wherein the central axes of said first inclined duct (31), vertical duct (32), second inclined duct (33), first curved elbow (34) and second curved elbow (35) are flush with the central axes of the two screw crushing rolls (52).
10. A method of recycling by using the high efficiency rubber crumbling and recycling apparatus of claim 9, comprising the steps of:
s1, primary crushing: simultaneously starting a second motor (61), a herringbone electromagnet stop block (13), two annular electromagnets (7) and two first motors (41), putting coarse rubber particles to be crushed into the U-shaped outer frame (1) through the middle of two thread crushing rollers (52), rotating the output end of the second motor (61) to drive a first gear (62) to rotate, rotating the first gear (62) to drive one second gear (63) to rotate, rotating the second gear (63) to drive the other second gear (63) to rotate, so that two crushing shafts (51) rotate in different steering directions, and performing primary crushing under the action of the two thread crushing rollers (52), wherein the threads on the two thread crushing rollers (52) are mutually mirrored, so that an excellent crushing effect is achieved, the crushed rubber particles fall onto the herringbone blanking plate (10) and are blocked and guided by two groups of triangular pyramid guide stop blocks (9), not only can not fall to the outside, but also can respectively slide and be guided to the orifices of the two discharging holes (8) and enter the inner side of the discharging holes;
s2, magnetic separation: in the primary crushing process, crushed rubber particles slide downwards on the herringbone blanking plate (10), so that part of iron impurities are adsorbed under the action of strong magnetic force of the herringbone electromagnet stop block (13), magnetic separation is carried out, the crushed rubber particles enter the discharge hole (8), slide into the first arc-shaped bent pipe (34) under the action of the first inclined conveying pipe (31), the output end of the first motor (41) rotates to drive the conveying shaft (42) and the spiral conveying blade (43) to rotate, so that the rubber particles in the first arc-shaped bent pipe (34) are lifted upwards and conveyed, slide into the second inclined conveying pipe (33) through the second arc-shaped bent pipe (35), when slide into the second inclined conveying pipe (33), part of iron impurities are adsorbed under the action of strong magnetic force of the annular electromagnet (7), magnetic separation is carried out again, and the rubber particles after magnetic separation fall between the two thread crushing rollers (52) again, further carrying out the magnetic separation of crushing in a circulating reciprocating manner, wherein in the process of crushing and magnetic separation in the circulating reciprocating manner, the coarse rubber particles are efficiently crushed and magnetically separated;
s3, final crushing: after the steps S1 and S230-40 min are carried out in a circulating and reciprocating manner, the third motor (121) is started in advance, then the electric cylinder (142) is started to shorten the extension end of the electric cylinder (142), the extension end of the electric cylinder (142) is shortened to drive the herringbone electromagnet stop block (13) to move downwards, the herringbone electromagnet stop block (13) is separated from the herringbone blanking channel (16), after the rubber particles which are subjected to primary crushing fall downwards through the herringbone blanking channel (16), the electric cylinder (142) is stopped to be not shortened, the output end of the third motor (121) rotates to drive the first transmission wheel (127) to rotate, the first transmission wheel (127) drives the second transmission wheel (122) to rotate through the first transmission belt (123), so that one crushing shaft (111) rotates, the crushing shaft (111) rotates to drive the third transmission wheel (124) to rotate, and the third transmission wheel (124) rotates to drive the fourth transmission wheel (125) to rotate through the second transmission belt (126), the rotation of the other crushing shaft (111) is realized, the two crushing shafts (111) synchronously rotate to drive the two auger crushing blades (112) to rotate, so that rubber particles falling downwards are crushed again efficiently, and part of the rubber particles cannot directly fall downwards through the herringbone blanking channel (16), so that the steps S1 and S2 can be continuously and circularly performed until all the rubber particles fall downwards through the herringbone blanking channel (16), and the second motor (61), the two first motors (41) and the third motor (121) are closed;
s4, discharging: open discharge valve, use corresponding case that gathers materials to arrange ejection of compact funnel (15) downside in, the rubber granules after will smashing is collected, and after whole ejection of compact, will gather materials the case and remove to one side, close two ring shape electro-magnet (7) and chevron shape electro-magnet dog (13), because after the outage, they no longer have strong magnetic force, consequently iron impurity can drop downwards because of the reason of gravity to fall out through ejection of compact funnel (15), accomplish the magnetic separation.
CN202010575646.8A 2020-06-22 2020-06-22 Efficient rubber crushing and recycling device and crushing and recycling method thereof Pending CN111688069A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010575646.8A CN111688069A (en) 2020-06-22 2020-06-22 Efficient rubber crushing and recycling device and crushing and recycling method thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN107718372A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-02-23 重庆威星橡胶工业有限公司 A kind of uniform reducing mechanism of rubber
CN107984650A (en) * 2017-12-14 2018-05-04 江苏华兴橡胶科技有限公司 A kind of application method of electromagnetic type rubber crushing machine
US10328469B1 (en) * 2016-08-02 2019-06-25 Binod Shah Pill management device and associated use thereof
CN209238135U (en) * 2018-12-07 2019-08-13 江门市智方成科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent environment protection equipment garbage pulverator structure

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US10328469B1 (en) * 2016-08-02 2019-06-25 Binod Shah Pill management device and associated use thereof
CN107718372A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-02-23 重庆威星橡胶工业有限公司 A kind of uniform reducing mechanism of rubber
CN107661791A (en) * 2017-10-11 2018-02-06 陈彬 A kind of construction waste processing unit and its method of work
CN107984650A (en) * 2017-12-14 2018-05-04 江苏华兴橡胶科技有限公司 A kind of application method of electromagnetic type rubber crushing machine
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