CN111685951B - Multifunctional medical nursing bed combining wheelchair and sickbed and using method - Google Patents

Multifunctional medical nursing bed combining wheelchair and sickbed and using method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111685951B
CN111685951B CN202010564404.9A CN202010564404A CN111685951B CN 111685951 B CN111685951 B CN 111685951B CN 202010564404 A CN202010564404 A CN 202010564404A CN 111685951 B CN111685951 B CN 111685951B
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plate
wheelchair
bed
rod
transmission
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CN202010564404.9A
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CN111685951A (en
Inventor
刘海宾
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Liaocheng University
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Liaocheng University
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/002Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame
    • A61G7/015Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame divided into different adjustable sections, e.g. for Gatch position
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/08Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs foldable
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/08Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs foldable
    • A61G5/0866Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs foldable folding down backrest, e.g. where the backrest folds down onto the seat support
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/08Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs foldable
    • A61G5/0883Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs foldable having locking means for maintaining a folded or unfolded condition
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/08Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs foldable
    • A61G5/0891Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs foldable having rigid supports, e.g. seat or back supports which retain their shape after folding of the wheelchair
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • A61G7/053Aids for getting into, or out of, bed, e.g. steps, chairs, cane-like supports
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/104Devices carried or supported by
    • A61G7/1046Mobile bases, e.g. having wheels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/16Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto converting a lying surface into a chair
    • A61G7/165Chair detachable from bed

Abstract

The utility model provides a multi-functional medical nursing bed that wheelchair and sick bed combine includes: the bed frame, the folding wheelchair connected with the bed frame and the transmission mechanism; the folding wheelchair comprises a back plate and a bottom plate which are connected with each other, one end of the back plate is detachably connected with the bedstead, and the other end of the back plate is hinged with the bottom plate; the lower surface of the bottom plate is connected with the transmission mechanism, and the position of the bottom plate is adjusted through the transmission mechanism, so that the bed surface state or the wheelchair state of the folding wheelchair is realized; the folding wheelchair has the advantages that the bed surface state or the wheelchair state of the folding wheelchair is realized, the combined design of the bed and the wheelchair is realized, the simple mechanical structure is provided, the function of combining the bed and the wheelchair can be realized, the labor intensity of nursing people is relieved, and the patient with inconvenient activities can get on or off the bed conveniently.

Description

Multifunctional medical nursing bed combining wheelchair and sickbed and using method
Technical Field
The present disclosure relates to a multifunctional medical nursing bed combining a wheelchair and a sickbed and a use method thereof.
Background
The multifunctional nursing bed is used for better meeting the requirements of patients and facilitating the lives of the patients during illness. At present, multifunctional nursing beds in different shapes and colors appear in the market, and the functions of the nursing beds mainly comprise standing up, dining, turning over and the like. When taking care of cerebral thrombosis patients, the hospital uses a nursing bed with the rising function, the nursing person can easily shake up the bed board on the back of the patient through the rocking handle at the tail of the bed, the patient can smoothly change from a sleeping posture to a sitting posture or a lying posture, and the labor intensity of the nursing person is greatly reduced.
By taking care of patients with cerebral hemorrhage, the bed has a plurality of places needing improvement, patients who suffer from paralysis and unhealthy legs must be supported by others to get off the bed smoothly, and some patients are heavier, so that the work of a caregiver is heavy, and how to combine a wheelchair and a multifunctional nursing bed, the patients can smoothly realize the technical problem from the hospital bed to the wheelchair without the support of the caregiver.
And the nursing bed is limited by the height of the nursing bed, needs to be connected with various examination instruments or nursing instruments, is inconvenient to adjust, has larger height difference with the nursing bed, and solves the problems that how to stably transfer the wheelchair to the ground after being separated from the nursing bed and how to restore the wheelchair to the original position and how to realize the combination and separation of the bed body and the wheelchair under the condition that the height of the nursing bed is not changed.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the technical problems, the simple mechanical structure is provided to realize the function of combining the bed and the wheelchair, the function has good market application prospect, and the simple mechanical structure is mainly used for relieving the labor intensity of a nursing person and the pain of a patient and facilitating the patient to get on or off the bed, wherein the function is realized by combining the bed and the wheelchair.
In a first aspect, the present disclosure provides a multifunctional medical nursing bed combining a wheelchair and a hospital bed, comprising: the bed frame, the folding wheelchair connected with the bed frame and the transmission mechanism; the folding wheelchair comprises a back plate and a bottom plate which are connected with each other, one end of the back plate is detachably connected with the bedstead, and the other end of the back plate is hinged with the bottom plate; the lower surface of the bottom plate is connected with the transmission mechanism, and the position of the bottom plate is adjusted through the transmission mechanism, so that the bed surface state or the wheelchair state of the folding wheelchair is realized.
In a second aspect, the present disclosure further provides a method for using a multifunctional medical nursing bed combining a wheelchair and a hospital bed, comprising the following steps:
when the folding wheelchair is combined with the bed, the first clamping part of the back plate of the folding wheelchair enters the U-shaped groove of the bed frame; the U-shaped groove rotates for a set angle to fix the position of the clamping part of the wheelchair;
the bottom surface of the folding wheelchair is moved along a set track by using a transmission mechanism, so that the ground and the back plate of the wheelchair are positioned on the same horizontal plane to form a part of a bed plate of the bed frame;
when the wheelchair is separated from the bed, the bottom surface of the folding wheelchair is moved along a set track by using the transmission mechanism, so that a set angle is formed between the ground and the back plate of the wheelchair;
the opening of a U-shaped groove of the bedstead is in a horizontal state, and a first clamping part at the back of the wheelchair is separated from the U-shaped clamping groove; the folding wheelchair is transferred to the ground through a transmission mechanism.
Compared with the prior art, this disclosure possesses following beneficial effect:
1. one end of a back plate of the folding wheelchair is detachably connected with the bed frame, and the other end of the back plate is hinged with the bottom plate; the lower surface of the bottom plate is connected with the transmission mechanism, the position of the bottom plate is adjusted through the transmission mechanism, the technical problem that how to combine the wheelchair with the multifunctional bed is solved, patients can smoothly realize the bed surface state or the wheelchair state of the folding wheelchair without supporting the wheelchair with the patients, the combination design of the bed and the wheelchair is realized, a simple mechanical structure is provided, the function of combining the bed and the wheelchair can be realized, the labor intensity of nursing people is reduced, and the patients who are inconvenient to move can get on or off the bed conveniently.
2. The method provided by the disclosure adopts the technical scheme that when the folding wheelchair is combined with a bed, a first clamping part of a back plate of the folding wheelchair enters a U-shaped groove of a bed frame; the U-shaped groove rotates for a set angle to fix the position of the clamping part of the wheelchair; the bottom surface of the folding wheelchair moves along a set track by utilizing the transmission mechanism, so that the ground and the back plate of the wheelchair are positioned on the same horizontal plane to form one part of a bed plate of the bed frame, the problems that how to realize stable transfer of the wheelchair to the ground after the wheelchair is separated from a nursing bed under the condition that the height of the nursing bed is not changed and how to restore the wheelchair to the original position are also required to be solved are solved, the technical scheme that the bed and the wheelchair are combined and designed completely is realized, and the requirements of a user on a multifunctional nursing bed can be well met.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this application, illustrate embodiments of the application and, together with the description, serve to explain the application and are not intended to limit the application.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a multifunctional medical nursing bed with a folding wheelchair in a bed surface state according to the present disclosure;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of the multi-functional medical care bed of the folding wheelchair of the present disclosure in a wheelchair position;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the multi-functional medical care bed of the present disclosure;
FIG. 4 is a back plate structure schematic view of the folding wheelchair of the present disclosure;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the connection of the folding wheelchair of the present disclosure to a bed frame;
wherein, 1, a bed frame; 2. a transmission mechanism; 3. a collapsible wheelchair; 101. an upper layer bracket; 102. a lower layer bracket; 103. a support plate; 104. a U-shaped clamping groove; 201. a mounting frame; 202. mounting a plate; 203. a first slider; 204. a gear set; 205. a slide bar; 206. a third slider; 207. a first link; 208. a second slider; 209. a screw; 210. a rocking handle structure; 301. a back plate; 302. a first clamping part; 303. a handrail; 304. a base plate.
The specific implementation mode is as follows:
the present disclosure is further described with reference to the following drawings and examples.
It should be noted that the following detailed description is exemplary and is intended to provide further explanation of the disclosure. Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this application belongs.
It is noted that the terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of example embodiments according to the present application. As used herein, the singular forms "a", "an" and "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, and it should be understood that when the terms "comprises" and/or "comprising" are used in this specification, they specify the presence of stated features, steps, operations, devices, components, and/or combinations thereof, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1, a multifunctional medical nursing bed combining a wheelchair and a hospital bed comprises: the bed frame, the folding wheelchair connected with the bed frame and the transmission mechanism; the folding wheelchair comprises a back plate and a bottom plate which are connected with each other, one end of the back plate is detachably connected with the bedstead, and the other end of the back plate is hinged with the bottom plate; the lower surface of the bottom plate is connected with the transmission mechanism, and the position of the bottom plate is adjusted through the transmission mechanism, so that the bed surface state or the wheelchair state of the folding wheelchair is realized.
Furthermore, the bed frame comprises an upper layer of support and a lower layer of support, the upper layer of support comprises two parallel support plates with a set distance, an accommodating space is formed between the two support plates and is used for accommodating the foldable wheelchair, a bed plate is arranged in the area of the top of the upper layer of support except the accommodating space, and the foldable wheelchair which is unfolded into a plane structure in a bed surface state and the bed plate form the bed surface of the nursing bed; the lower layer bracket is connected with the transmission mechanism.
The middle of the lower layer support is provided with a mounting frame, the mounting frame is used for mounting a transmission mechanism, the transmission mechanism comprises a screw transmission mechanism and a slider transmission mechanism, the screw transmission mechanism is connected with the slider transmission mechanism, the screw transmission mechanism drives the slider transmission mechanism to move horizontally, the slider transmission mechanism realizes up-and-down motion, the slider transmission mechanism is connected with the folding wheelchair, and the level and height adjustment of the folding wheelchair is realized.
Furthermore, a U-shaped clamping groove is formed in one side of the support plate and connected with the support plate through a rotating shaft, and the U-shaped clamping groove can rotate at a set angle relative to the support plate; one side of the folding wheelchair is provided with a first clamping part matched with the U-shaped clamping groove, and the folding wheelchair is connected with the bedstead through the matching of the first clamping part and the U-shaped clamping groove. First joint portion is the rectangle structure, the rectangle structure can be formed, four member end to end connection formation or adopt integrated into one piece's rectangular plate for the columnar body of two parallels passes through the member connection. As a specific embodiment, the rectangular structure is arranged on the side surface of the back plate of the folding wheelchair and is connected with one end of the back plate, and the rectangular structure and the back plate of the folding wheelchair have a set angle, and a preferred angle is 90 degrees.
Furthermore, the sliding block transmission mechanism comprises a sliding rod, a first sliding block, a second sliding block and a mounting plate, the mounting plate is connected with the mounting frame, a sliding groove is formed in the mounting plate, the first sliding block is arranged in the sliding groove, penetrates through the sliding groove and is connected with one end of the sliding rod, the sliding rod is connected with the second sliding block in a sliding mode, the second sliding block moves along the sliding rod, one side of the second sliding block is hinged with one end of the first connecting rod, and the other end of the first connecting rod is connected with the screw transmission mechanism; the screw transmission mechanism drives the sliding block on the first connecting rod to move along the sliding rod. Preferably, two first connecting rods are arranged and are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the second sliding block respectively.
Further, screw drive mechanism includes screw rod, third slider and rocking handle structure, the one end of screw rod is passed behind the mounting hole on the mounting panel and is connected with the backup pad that sets up in lower floor's support one side, the opposite side and the rocking handle structural connection of screw rod, be equipped with on the third slider with screw rod complex helicitic texture, the third slider is connected with the screw rod, third slider one side is articulated with first connecting rod, through the motion of second slider, drives the slider on the first connecting rod and realizes removing. The rocking handle structure is formed by the L-shaped rod and the handle structure which are vertically arranged in an interconnecting mode, is integrally Z-shaped with a vertical angle, and can rotate by rocking the handle to drive the screw rod.
Furthermore, first slider passes through drive structure and is connected with screw drive mechanism, and screw drive mechanism drives the motion of first slider in the spout through drive structure, realizes the altitude mixture control. The transmission structure includes, but is not limited to, converting the rotation of the first screw of the screw transmission mechanism into the vertical movement of the first slider through the cooperation of the gear set and the cam transmission mechanism, or converting the rotation of the first screw of the screw transmission mechanism into the vertical movement of the first slider through the cooperation of the gear set and the crank-link structure, so as to realize the height adjustment of the first slider.
Furthermore, first slider top has second joint portion, second joint portion is curved protruding structure, the bottom plate lower surface of foldable wheelchair have with protruding structure complex recess, protruding structure can realize the joint effect with the recess cooperation of foldable wheelchair bottom.
Furthermore, the foldable wheelchair comprises a back plate, a bottom plate and armrests, the armrests are of a connecting rod structure consisting of a second connecting rod and a third connecting rod, one end of the second connecting rod is hinged with the back plate, the other end of the second connecting rod is hinged with one end of the third connecting rod through a first rotating shaft, the other end of the third connecting rod is hinged with the bottom plate, one side surface of the back plate is hinged with one side surface of the bottom plate through a second rotating shaft, the back plate is matched with the connecting rod structure through the second rotating shaft to adjust a set angle, and the back plate and the bottom plate can form a plane structure; the first rotating shaft is provided with a self-locking structure, one automatic locking mechanism arranged in the first rotating shaft is locked to prevent the structure from deforming, and the locked state can be released only by pressing a button on the first rotating shaft when folding is desired; the self-locking structure can be a pin shaft.
Furthermore, bed legs are connected to the periphery of the bottom of the lower layer support, and universal wheels can be mounted at the bottoms of the bed legs.
The bed frame is provided with a front bed baffle and a rear bed baffle, and a liftable back board is arranged at one end of the bed frame close to the front bed baffle.
The present disclosure is directed to how to combine a wheelchair with a hospital bed, which is a technology that needs to be solved at present, and mainly how to implement such a conversion, and to study a mechanical mechanism that can implement such a conversion. The main thing is how to fold the chair up as part of the bed and to detach it from the bed when needed as a separate wheelchair. Two problems need to be solved to realize the function, namely how to realize the combination and the separation of the wheelchair and the bed, and how to realize the folding of the wheelchair.
Introduction of the structure designed to solve the above problems: (1) u-shaped clamping groove. The main joint shown in fig. 4 is designed to achieve the first function, and is a U-shaped slot, which can rotate 90 degrees around the axis of the bed, when the wheelchair is combined with the bed, the axis at the back of the wheelchair is clamped into the U-shaped slot, when the wheelchair is separated from the bed, the opening of the U-shaped slot is horizontal, and the axis at the back of the wheelchair can be smoothly separated from the U-shaped slot. The lower drawing shows the backrest of the wheelchair and a shaft at the back for combining with a U-shaped clamping groove on the bed.
(2) The structure shown in figure 3 is designed for solving the folding problem of the wheelchair, the armrest part of the wheelchair is a parallelogram structure, the folding characteristic of the parallelogram is utilized, and the structure is in a horizontal state after being folded and is combined with a bed. The wheelchair does not occupy redundant space, and can be used as a structure for connecting the seat and the back of the wheelchair after being pulled open and also can be used as the handrail of a patient. In addition, when two rods of the parallelogram structure form 90 degrees, the structure is locked by an automatic locking mechanism arranged in the parallelogram structure to prevent the structure from deforming, and when folding is desired, the locked state can be released only by pressing an upper button.
The mechanism for supporting the wheelchair is designed by utilizing the principle of spiral transmission, the outer surface of the rotating thick shaft and the inner surface of the sliding block on the rotating thick shaft are both provided with threads, the thick shaft is rotated through the rocking handle structure, the sliding block with the threads on the shaft can realize linear movement along the shaft, and the wheelchair is supported through the two-force rod on the sliding block, so that the state conversion of the wheelchair is realized. By utilizing the self-locking characteristic of the threads, the wheelchair can be kept in any state without automatic sliding.
The connection between the base of the wheelchair and the supporting mechanism is realized by the principle of the sliding block, and the structure has the advantage of well realizing the combination and the separation of the wheelchair and the bed body supporting structure.
Because many functions of the multifunctional nursing bed are realized in the current market, the multifunctional nursing bed is designed only on how to realize the combination of the bed and the wheelchair, and the simple mechanical structure is provided to realize the function of the combination of the bed and the wheelchair. The product designed by the disclosure is subject to continuous improvement from the proposal of the concept, and finally realizes a complete technical scheme, and can well meet the requirements of users on the multifunctional nursing bed.
Example 2
A use method of a multifunctional medical nursing bed combining a wheelchair and a sickbed comprises the following steps:
when the folding wheelchair is combined with the bed, the first clamping part of the back plate of the folding wheelchair enters the U-shaped groove of the bed frame; the U-shaped groove rotates for a set angle to fix the position of the clamping part of the wheelchair;
the bottom surface of the folding wheelchair is moved along a set track by using a transmission mechanism, so that the ground and the back plate of the wheelchair are positioned on the same horizontal plane to form a part of a bed plate of the bed frame;
when the wheelchair is separated from the bed, the bottom surface of the folding wheelchair is moved along a set track by using the transmission mechanism, so that a set angle is formed between the ground and the back plate of the wheelchair;
the opening of a U-shaped groove of the bedstead is in a horizontal state, and a first clamping part at the back of the wheelchair is separated from the U-shaped clamping groove; the folding wheelchair is transferred to the ground through a transmission mechanism.
Furthermore, the armrest part of the wheelchair is a parallelogram structure, which utilizes the folding characteristic of the parallelogram, the structure is in a horizontal state after being folded and is combined with the bed,
the armrest part can be used as a structure for connecting the seat and the back of the wheelchair after being unfolded and can also be used as an armrest of a patient.
When two rods of the parallelogram structure are 90 degrees, the two rods are locked by an automatic locking mechanism arranged in the two rods to prevent the structure from deforming, and when the structure is folded, the locked state can be released only by pressing an upper button.
Although the present disclosure has been described with reference to specific embodiments, it should be understood that the scope of the present disclosure is not limited thereto, and those skilled in the art will appreciate that various modifications and changes can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present disclosure.

Claims (7)

1. A multifunctional medical nursing bed combining a wheelchair and a sickbed is characterized by comprising: the bed frame, the folding wheelchair connected with the bed frame and the transmission mechanism; the folding wheelchair comprises a back plate and a bottom plate which are connected with each other, one end of the back plate is detachably connected with the bedstead, and the other end of the back plate is hinged with the bottom plate; the lower surface of the bottom plate is connected with the transmission mechanism, and the position of the bottom plate is adjusted through the transmission mechanism, so that the bed surface state or the wheelchair state of the folding wheelchair is realized
The bed frame comprises an upper layer bracket and a lower layer bracket, the upper layer bracket comprises two parallel support plates with a set distance, an accommodating space is formed between the two support plates, and the accommodating space is used for accommodating the folding wheelchair;
one side of the support plate is provided with a U-shaped clamping groove, and one end of the U-shaped clamping groove is connected with the support plate through a rotating shaft; one side of the folding wheelchair is provided with a first clamping part matched with the U-shaped clamping groove;
the middle part of the lower layer support is provided with a mounting rack, the mounting rack is used for mounting a transmission mechanism, and the transmission mechanism comprises a screw transmission mechanism and a slide block transmission mechanism which are connected with each other;
the slider drive mechanism includes slide bar, first slider, second slider and mounting panel, the mounting panel is connected with the mounting bracket, and the mounting panel passes through the spout to be connected with first slider, and first slider is connected with the one end of slide bar, slide bar and second slider sliding connection, and one side of second slider is articulated with the one end of first connecting rod, and the other end and the screw rod drive mechanism of first connecting rod are connected.
2. The multi-functional medical care bed of claim 1, wherein the lower support is connected to a drive mechanism.
3. The multifunctional medical nursing bed of claim 1, wherein the first clamping portion is a rectangular structure formed by connecting two parallel cylindrical bodies through a rod; the rectangular structure and the back plate of the folding wheelchair have a set angle.
4. The multifunctional medical nursing bed of claim 1, wherein the screw transmission mechanism comprises a screw, a third slider and a rocking handle structure, one end of the screw passes through the mounting hole on the mounting plate and then is connected with the support plate arranged on one side of the lower bracket, the other side of the screw is connected with the rocking handle structure, the screw is connected with the third slider, the third slider is provided with a thread structure matched with the screw, the third slider is hinged with the first connecting rod, and the third slider is connected with the second slider through the first connecting rod.
5. The multifunctional medical nursing bed of claim 1, wherein the top of the first sliding block is provided with a second clamping portion, the second clamping portion is an arc-shaped protruding structure, and the lower surface of the bottom plate of the foldable wheelchair is provided with a groove matched with the protruding structure.
6. The multifunctional medical nursing bed of claim 1, wherein the foldable wheelchair comprises a back plate, a bottom plate and armrests, the armrests are a connecting rod structure formed by a second connecting rod and a third connecting rod, one end of the second connecting rod is hinged with the back plate, the other end of the second connecting rod is hinged with one end of the third connecting rod through a first rotating shaft, the other end of the third connecting rod is hinged with the bottom plate, one side surface of the back plate is hinged with one side surface of the bottom plate through a second rotating shaft, the back plate is matched with the connecting rod structure through the second rotating shaft to adjust a set angle, and the back plate and the bottom plate can form a plane structure; and a self-locking structure is arranged at the first rotating shaft.
7. A using method of a multifunctional medical nursing bed combining a wheelchair and a sickbed is characterized by comprising the following steps:
when the folding wheelchair is combined with the bed, the first clamping part of the back plate of the folding wheelchair enters the U-shaped groove of the bed frame; the U-shaped groove rotates for a set angle to fix the position of the clamping part of the wheelchair;
the bottom surface of the folding wheelchair is moved along a set track by using a transmission mechanism, so that the ground and the back plate of the wheelchair are positioned on the same horizontal plane to form a part of a bed plate of the bed frame;
when the wheelchair is separated from the bed, the bottom surface of the folding wheelchair is moved along a set track by using the transmission mechanism, so that a set angle is formed between the ground and the back plate of the wheelchair;
the opening of a U-shaped groove of the bedstead is in a horizontal state, and a first clamping part at the back of the wheelchair is separated from the U-shaped clamping groove; the folding wheelchair is transferred to the ground through a transmission mechanism.
CN202010564404.9A 2020-06-19 2020-06-19 Multifunctional medical nursing bed combining wheelchair and sickbed and using method Active CN111685951B (en)

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CN111685951B true CN111685951B (en) 2021-07-23

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