CN111685123A - Plant growth regulator composition and preparation method and application thereof - Google Patents

Plant growth regulator composition and preparation method and application thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111685123A
CN111685123A CN202010693241.4A CN202010693241A CN111685123A CN 111685123 A CN111685123 A CN 111685123A CN 202010693241 A CN202010693241 A CN 202010693241A CN 111685123 A CN111685123 A CN 111685123A
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China
Prior art keywords
plant growth
growth regulator
parts
cotton
regulator composition
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Pending
Application number
CN202010693241.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
倪顺
王文清
陈虹
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Shenzhen Wanhe Agricultural Technology Co ltd
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Shenzhen Wanhe Agricultural Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202010693241.4A priority Critical patent/CN111685123A/en
Publication of CN111685123A publication Critical patent/CN111685123A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/72Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with nitrogen atoms and oxygen or sulfur atoms as ring hetero atoms
    • A01N43/74Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with nitrogen atoms and oxygen or sulfur atoms as ring hetero atoms five-membered rings with one nitrogen atom and either one oxygen atom or one sulfur atom in positions 1,3
    • A01N43/781,3-Thiazoles; Hydrogenated 1,3-thiazoles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N63/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing microorganisms, viruses, microbial fungi, animals or substances produced by, or obtained from, microorganisms, viruses, microbial fungi or animals, e.g. enzymes or fermentates
    • A01N63/50Isolated enzymes; Isolated proteins
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D1/00Fertilisers containing potassium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K17/00Soil-conditioning materials or soil-stabilising materials
    • C09K17/40Soil-conditioning materials or soil-stabilising materials containing mixtures of inorganic and organic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K2101/00Agricultural use

Abstract

The invention discloses a plant growth regulator composition, which consists of the following raw materials in parts by weight: 0.1-60 parts of hemiphyllin, 0.1-60 parts of inositol peptide and 10-90 parts of filler; the preparation method of the plant growth regulator composition comprises the following steps: 1) adding the hemiphyllin, the inositol peptide and the filler in a formula ratio into a stirrer, and uniformly stirring to obtain plant growth regulator powder; 2) and independently packaging the plant growth regulator powder to obtain a plant growth regulator composition product. The invention also discloses application of the plant growth regulator composition in cotton planting. The plant growth regulator composition combines the hemiphyllin, the inositol peptide and the potassium magnesium sulfate, can further improve the effects of coordinating the growth of cotton and absorbing nutrition and improving the yield and quality of the cotton, obviously improves the regulation effect, reduces the using amount of chemical fertilizers, and has the advantages of simple preparation process and convenient use.

Description

Plant growth regulator composition and preparation method and application thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of crop fertilizers, and particularly relates to a plant growth regulator composition, and a preparation method and application thereof.
Background
The method is characterized in that the land is a typical continental climate, and has the characteristics of less precipitation, large evaporation capacity, dryness and more wind, large temperature difference between day and night, hot and cold winter in summer, effective accumulated temperature 3700-. In the cotton planting process, in order to pursue yield and quality, the fertilizer usage amount is large, the fertilizer cost is increased, the soil alkalization is aggravated due to improper fertilization, the yield and quality of cotton in the next year are reduced, and a vicious circle is formed due to improper fertilization all year round; therefore, reasonable fertilization, reduction of fertilizer usage amount and fertilizer cost and soil improvement are needed in the process of cotton planting.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects of the prior art and provides a plant growth regulator composition, a preparation method and application thereof. The plant growth regulator composition can improve the absorption and utilization rate of cotton roots, stems and leaves on nutrient elements, reduce the fertilizer usage amount and the fertilizer cost, improve the yield and quality of cotton, and simultaneously give consideration to a certain soil improvement effect.
The purpose of the invention is realized as follows:
a plant growth regulator composition is composed of the following raw materials in parts by weight: 0.1-60 parts of hemiphyllin, 0.1-60 parts of inositol peptide and 10-90 parts of filler.
Further, the plant growth regulator composition is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 10 parts of hemiphyllin, 40 parts of inositol peptide and 50 parts of filler.
Further, the filler is magnesium potassium sulfate.
Further, the preparation method of the plant growth regulator composition comprises the following steps:
1) adding the hemiphyllin, the inositol peptide and the filler in a formula ratio into a stirrer, and uniformly stirring to obtain plant growth regulator powder;
2) independently packaging the plant growth regulator powder obtained in the step 1) to obtain a plant growth regulator composition product.
Further, the plant growth regulator composition is applied to cotton planting, and the application is to improve the yield of cotton.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
the invention discloses a plant growth regulator composition, which is prepared by stirring and mixing hemiphyllin, inositol peptide and magnesium potassium sulfate, and has the advantages of simple preparation process and convenient use.
The hemiphyllin is called as a plant stimulant, has specific performance in the aspect of stimulating plants to absorb water and fertilizer, acts on cotton bodies after being applied, improves the activity of metabolic enzyme in vivo, improves the permeability in cotton cytoplasm, promotes the absorption of water and mineral elements by cotton, can increase the content of amino acid in the cotton, plays an important role in stabilizing macromolecular structure, removing ammonia toxicity, adjusting the oxidation-reduction potential of cells as an energy bank and the like, obviously increases the activity of enzyme in the cotton body, improves the protein synthesis effect and improves the quality of crops;
the inositol peptide is an environment-friendly plant active substance, has a chelating adsorption function, reduces the loss of nutrient elements, can improve the utilization rate of fertilizer, has a certain regulation effect on cotton and soil, can improve the soil granular structure and the water and fertilizer retention of the soil by acting on the soil, provides a good living environment for microorganisms in the soil, can improve the activity of coenzyme in the cotton, promotes the carbon and nitrogen metabolism, promotes the synthesis of amino acid in the cotton, regulates the transportation and absorption of nutrients in the cotton, enhances the disease resistance, coordinates the vegetative growth and reproductive growth, promotes the fructification, enhances the stress resistance and the like, can also improve the product quality, and improves the stress resistance of the cotton, such as disease resistance, drought resistance, cold resistance, saline alkali resistance, lodging resistance and the like;
the potassium magnesium sulfate belongs to water-soluble filler, contains large and medium elements such as potassium, magnesium, sulfur and the like, and also contains trace elements such as calcium, silicon, boron, iron, zinc and the like, has rich nutrient content and good soil improvement effect, and can effectively promote the growth of crops.
The plant growth regulator composition combines hemiphyllin, inositol peptide and potassium magnesium sulfate together, can further improve the effects of coordinating cotton growth and nutrition absorption capacity and improving cotton yield and quality, obviously improve the regulation effect, and reduce the using amount of chemical fertilizers.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further described with reference to the following examples.
Example 1
A plant growth regulator composition is composed of the following raw materials in parts by weight: 10 parts of hemiphyllin, 40 parts of inositol peptide and 50 parts of potassium magnesium sulfate.
The preparation method of the plant growth regulator composition comprises the following steps:
1) adding the hemiphyllin, the inositol peptide and the filler in a formula ratio into a stirrer, and uniformly stirring to obtain plant growth regulator powder;
2) independently packaging the plant growth regulator powder obtained in the step 1) to obtain a plant growth regulator composition product.
Test example 1
According to the action of the plant growth regulator composition, the plant growth regulator composition is called as 'xianxiansu' for short, and field tests of cotton are carried out for fully verifying the effect of the 'xianxiansu' on cotton which is a main economic crop in Xinjiang.
Test time: year 2019, month 4.
The test is exemplary: the stone river city, a four-seven party court, a three-even plum Xiancheng.
The test demonstrates the basic case: the soil of the test field is grey desert soil, the soil texture is loam, and the fertility level is medium. The soil nutrient content is as follows: 55.47mg/kg of soil alkaline hydrolysis nitrogen, 54.2mg/kg of quick-acting phosphorus, 230mg/kg of quick-acting potassium, 13.4g/kg of soil organic matter content and 8.2 of PH value. 180kg of lint per unit of cotton of the previous crop.
Test work: cotton, variety Xinluzao No. 60 (growth period 122 days).
Fertilizer to be tested: urea, drip irrigation diammonium (18-46-0), drip irrigation 60% potassium chloride and florigen, which are provided by Jiabaowan agricultural science and technology Limited in Xinjiang.
Field test design: treatment 1: applying urea, diammonium (18-46-0) by drip irrigation, 60% potassium chloride by drip irrigation and florigen with the area of 45 mu; and (3) treatment 2: urea, diammonium (18-46-0) and 60% potassium chloride are dripped with water conventionally, and the area is 4.5 mu; and (3) treatment: the area is 0.5 mu compared with clear water. The area of the field demonstration area is 50 mu, and the field demonstration area is planted in a centralized and connected mode in the same farmer land.
The fertilizing method and the using amount are as follows: treatment 1: applying 26 kg/mu of drip irrigation diammonium (18-46-0) with water drops, 25 kg/mu of 60% potassium chloride, 31 kg/mu of urea and 52 g/mu of fresh flower essence with water drops, and applying with water drops for 7 times; and (3) treatment 2: applying 31 kg/mu of urea, 26 kg/mu of diammonium drop irrigation (18-46-0) and 25 kg/mu of 60% potassium chloride with water in a conventional drop manner along with water, and applying the urea with water in 7 times; and (3) treatment: dropping clear water without adding any fertilizer.
The field trial design is shown in table 1:
TABLE 1 field test design
Treatment 1 cotton fertilization drip design is shown in table 2:
TABLE 2 treatment 1 Cotton fertilization drip design
Treatment 2 cotton fertilization drip design is shown in table 3:
TABLE 3 treatment 2 Cotton fertilization drip design
And (3) field operation: and (4) precision seeding, wherein the seeding quantity is 1.6 kg/mu. Soil preparation and sowing are carried out for 4 months and 12 days, water is dripped for 4 months and 15 days, seedlings emerge for 4 months and 30 days, intertillage is carried out for 1 time in 5 months and 15 days, chemical control is carried out for 4 times, foliar fertilizer is sprayed for 3 times, pest and disease damage prevention is carried out for 3 times, and topping is carried out for 7 months and 5 days. And (3) measuring yield through random point taking in the field demonstration field, weighing and converting into actual yield per mu, and performing indoor test analysis. During field test, field management follows the principle of 'most suitable' and 'consistent', field farming measures such as fertilization, seeding, irrigation, intertillage weeding and the like are all consistent and completed in one day, and other field management measures are all the same.
Fertilizing and irrigating: applying 15kg of base fertilizer diammonium phosphate and 5kg of urea to each mu of land before turning over in autumn; the field demonstration area is applied with each fertilizer and florigen for testing in drops for seven times from 6 months 15 days to 8 months 20 days; wherein treatment 1 was completed as shown in table 2 for each drip application; treatment 2 was completed as shown in table 3 for each drip application; treatment 3 control zones were not fertilized every drop. The water is irrigated for 8 times from sowing to harvesting.
Test results and analysis
Cotton agronomic character investigation: according to the field growth vigor and growth phase investigation of the cotton growth period, the cotton in the demonstration area using the floral essence has good growth vigor, dark green leaf color and steady growth vigor of cotton plants.
The effect of different treatments on cotton yield factors is shown in table 4:
TABLE 4 Effect of different treatments on Cotton yield constitutive factors
Analysis table 4 shows that the average single plant boll number of 1 treated by using the fresh flower essence (6.6) > treated by the conventional fertilization area 2 (6.17) > treated by the clear water control area (5.06); the average single-bell weight treatment 1 uses the fresh flower essence (5.33g) > the conventional fertilization area treatment 2(5.07g) > the clear water control area treatment 3(4.13 g); average clothing fraction treatment 1 used florigen (42.90%) > conventional treatment 2 (42.33%) > clear water control zone treatment (38.43%).
Compared with the conventional fertilization treatment 2, the application of the fresco element treatment 1 increases the average single plant boll number by 0.43, the average single boll weight by 0.26g and the average clothing fraction by 0.57%. Treatment 1 the yield contributors were all superior to treatment 2 and to treatment 3.
The cotton yield statistics for the different treatments are shown in table 5:
TABLE 5 yield of cotton treated differently
The data in table 5 show that the average yield of cotton is increased by 12.52% by applying the fresco essence treatment 1 compared with the conventional fertilization treatment 2, and the yield is obviously increased.
In conclusion, after the floral essence disclosed by the invention is used, the overall growth vigor and various key indexes of cotton are improved, and compared with conventional fertilization, the floral essence has an obvious yield increase effect.

Claims (6)

1. A plant growth regulator composition is characterized by comprising the following raw materials in parts by weight: 0.1-60 parts of hemiphyllin, 0.1-60 parts of inositol peptide and 10-90 parts of filler.
2. The plant growth regulator composition according to claim 1, which consists of the following raw materials in parts by weight: 10 parts of hemiphyllin, 40 parts of inositol peptide and 50 parts of filler.
3. A plant growth regulator composition according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the filler is magnesium potassium sulphate.
4. A method of preparing a plant growth regulator composition according to claim 1 or 2, comprising the steps of:
1) adding the hemiphyllin, the inositol peptide and the filler in a formula ratio into a stirrer, and uniformly stirring to obtain plant growth regulator powder;
2) independently packaging the plant growth regulator powder obtained in the step 1) to obtain a plant growth regulator composition product.
5. Use of the plant growth regulator composition of claim 1 or 2 for cotton growing.
6. Use of a plant growth regulator composition according to claim 5 for cotton growing to increase cotton yield.
CN202010693241.4A 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 Plant growth regulator composition and preparation method and application thereof Pending CN111685123A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010693241.4A CN111685123A (en) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 Plant growth regulator composition and preparation method and application thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113439743A (en) * 2021-06-25 2021-09-28 河南科技学院 Growth regulator composition containing sodium salicylate and hemiphyllin

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113439743A (en) * 2021-06-25 2021-09-28 河南科技学院 Growth regulator composition containing sodium salicylate and hemiphyllin
CN113439743B (en) * 2021-06-25 2022-04-15 河南科技学院 Growth regulator composition containing sodium salicylate and hemiphyllin

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