CN111676849A - Intelligent culvert section laying machine - Google Patents

Intelligent culvert section laying machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111676849A
CN111676849A CN202010341835.9A CN202010341835A CN111676849A CN 111676849 A CN111676849 A CN 111676849A CN 202010341835 A CN202010341835 A CN 202010341835A CN 111676849 A CN111676849 A CN 111676849A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
moving mechanism
bases
sliding
air
groove
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Granted
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CN202010341835.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111676849B (en
Inventor
刘树强
刘涛
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Shandong Yaaote Heavy Industry Machinery Co ltd
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Shandong Yaaote Heavy Industry Machinery Co ltd
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Priority to CN202010341835.9A priority Critical patent/CN111676849B/en
Publication of CN111676849A publication Critical patent/CN111676849A/en
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Publication of CN111676849B publication Critical patent/CN111676849B/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F5/00Draining the sub-base, i.e. subgrade or ground-work, e.g. embankment of roads or of the ballastway of railways or draining-off road surface or ballastway drainage by trenches, culverts, or conduits or other specially adapted means
    • E01F5/005Culverts ; Head-structures for culverts, or for drainage-conduit outlets in slopes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F3/00Devices, e.g. jacks, adapted for uninterrupted lifting of loads
    • B66F3/24Devices, e.g. jacks, adapted for uninterrupted lifting of loads fluid-pressure operated

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of transportation and laying of culvert sections with height limitation, in particular to an intelligent culvert section laying machine, which comprises a cross beam, a moving mechanism, a supporting mechanism, a collision mechanism, a cleaning mechanism, a gas injection mechanism and a dust removal mechanism, wherein the cross beam is connected with the moving mechanism; installation through two crossbeams, thereby conveniently make moving mechanism remove at the crossbeam top, installation through supporting mechanism and moving mechanism, be favorable to supporting and accurately placing the festival of containing, it is stable to make things convenient for moving mechanism and ground laminating under the effect of conflict mechanism, place the support at the road bed of difference, prevent that moving mechanism from sinking down, the grit earth to moving mechanism adhesion is clear away under the effect of clearance mechanism simultaneously, prevent that the kayser from damaging the drive through moving mechanism, thereby it deposits to drive two sets of gas injection mechanism production gas, and spout under the effect of dust removal mechanism, be favorable to blowing off the inside dust debris of moving mechanism, the life and the security performance of equipment have been ensured.

Description

Intelligent culvert section laying machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of transportation and laying of culvert sections with height limitation, in particular to an intelligent culvert section laying machine.
Background
The culvert is a drainage channel (water channel) which is arranged below a roadbed and built below a road surface in order to ensure that a highway can smoothly pass through the water channel without obstructing traffic, the structure can ensure that water flows through the lower surface of the highway to be used for draining flood across natural valley depressions, or cross large and small roads to be used as overpasses for people, livestock and vehicles, or be used as a water channel for farmland irrigation, the culvert mainly comprises a tunnel body, a foundation, end walls, wing walls and the like, the culvert is built by common bricks, stones, concrete, reinforced concrete and other materials according to the principle of a communicating vessel, the general aperture is small, the shape is tubular, box-shaped, arched and the like, and the culvert is required to be laid through culvert sections when the culvert is constructed, so that the culvert is more stable and firm.
The culvert sections are cuboid hollow cement prefabricated members, the mass of the culvert sections is large, the overall dimension is large, the height of a culvert is generally 4.5-5 meters, the culvert is a cavity which is drilled in advance, the height in the culvert is less than that of the culvert sections, the general steam transportation and tray transportation cannot be carried in due to the height limitation of the culvert, even if the culvert enters, a large truck crane or other hoisting equipment for hoisting and unloading the culvert pipes cannot be used, and the laying site of the culvert pipes is generally in the field; the culvert pipe is transported to the site by a vehicle, the truck crane unloads a culvert section near the culvert opening, the culvert section is manually pulled inwards by a rolling rod, a winch or a chain block, and then the culvert section is aligned and adjusted by tools such as a jack, the chain block and the like, so that the labor intensity is high, the working efficiency is low, and the laying quality is not high.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems in the prior art, the invention provides an intelligent culvert section laying machine.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: an intelligent culvert section laying machine comprises cross beams, a moving mechanism, a supporting mechanism, a collision mechanism, a cleaning mechanism, a gas injection mechanism and a dust removal mechanism, wherein the moving mechanism for supporting and moving culvert sections is installed at the tops of the two cross beams for supporting and moving; the supporting mechanism for supporting and adjusting the position of the culvert section is arranged at the top of the moving mechanism; the bottom of the moving mechanism is provided with a plurality of collision mechanisms for colliding and fixing the moving mechanism; a plurality of cleaning mechanisms used for scraping and brushing sundries and dust on the moving mechanism are arranged in the moving mechanism; the gas injection mechanism for gas injection storage is arranged in the moving mechanism; and the bottom of the gas injection mechanism is provided with the dust removal mechanism for blowing and removing dust for the moving mechanism.
Specifically, the moving mechanism comprises connecting rods, hydraulic rods, a trolley, a base, a guide rail and a rolling shaft, a plurality of connecting rods are arranged between two cross beams, and the two cross beams are connected in parallel through the connecting rods; the guide rails are respectively installed at the tops of the two cross beams, the rolling shafts are respectively installed at two ends inside the two bases, the rolling shafts are in rolling connection with the guide rails through motors, and the two bases are in sliding connection with the tops of the two cross beams through the guide rails; the bottom parts of the two cross beams are respectively provided with three trolleys which are symmetrically and equidistantly distributed, the trolleys are respectively connected with the bottom parts of the two cross beams in a sliding manner, and the bottom parts of the trolleys are respectively provided with a motor; two hydraulic rods which are symmetrically distributed are respectively installed at two ends of the two cross beams, and the bottoms of the hydraulic rods are connected with the inner part of the cross beam in a sliding mode.
Specifically, the supporting mechanism comprises top plates, upright columns, top beams and rolling wheels, the top plates are mounted at the tops of the two bases, and the top plates are rotatably connected with the two bases through motors; two ends of the top plate are respectively provided with two upright columns which are symmetrically distributed, and the tops of the two upright columns are respectively provided with two top beams which are distributed in parallel; two install respectively at the inside both ends of back timber the wheel that rolls, just the lateral wall of wheel that rolls extends to the top outside of back timber, the wheel that rolls passes through the motor with the inside rotation of back timber is connected.
Specifically, the abutting mechanism comprises a fixed block, a clamping groove, a telescopic spring, a sliding block, a sliding chute, a pressing plate and a handle, and the fixed block is respectively installed at the bottoms of the four hydraulic rods; the sliding blocks are respectively arranged in the two ends of the fixed block, the telescopic springs are arranged at the tops of the sliding blocks, and the sliding blocks are connected with the inner part of the fixed block in a sliding mode through the telescopic springs; the two pressing plates are respectively arranged in the two ends of the fixed block, the sliding grooves are formed in the inner sides of the tops of the two pressing plates, the bottom of the sliding block is connected with the inner part of the sliding groove in a sliding mode, and the pressing plates are connected with the inner part of the fixed block in a sliding mode through the sliding block; the clamping grooves are formed in the bottom sides of the inner parts of the two ends of the fixed block, and the inner width of each clamping groove is larger than the width of the top of the pressing plate; the handles are respectively arranged on one side of the bottoms of the two pressing plates.
Specifically, the cleaning mechanism comprises fixing plates, brushes and bolts, the fixing plates are respectively mounted on the side walls of two ends of the two bases, and the fixing plates are detachably connected with the side walls of the bases through the bolts; the bottom of fixed plate is installed the brush, just the bottom of brush with the guide rail is contradicted.
Specifically, the gas injection mechanism comprises a chuck, turntables, connecting rods, movable grooves, compressed air bags and one-way valves, wherein the chuck is installed on one side of a plurality of rolling shafts, the turntables are installed at two ends inside two bases respectively, the turntables are rotatably connected with the insides of the bases, and the side walls of the turntables are abutted against the side walls of the chuck; one end of the connecting rod is rotatably connected with one side edge of the turntable, the movable groove is formed in the base, and the other end of the connecting rod extends into the movable groove; the two ends of the interior of the two bases are respectively provided with the compression air bags, and the compression air bags are connected with the interior of the bases in a sliding manner; the other end of the connecting rod is respectively connected with the side wall of one end of each of the two compression air bags in a rotating manner, and the other ends of the two compression air bags are respectively provided with the one-way valves.
Specifically, the dust removal mechanism comprises air storage grooves, air inlet grooves, leather plugs, compression springs, air guide grooves and air injection grooves, the air storage grooves are arranged at the centers of the interiors of the two bases, the compression air bags are communicated with the interiors of the air storage grooves through the one-way valves, and the air inlet grooves are arranged at the bottoms of the air storage grooves; the leather plug is connected with the bottom side of the inner center of the base in a sliding mode, and the compression spring is installed at the bottom of the leather plug; the bottom of the air inlet groove is communicated with the top of the leather plug, and the side walls of two ends of the leather plug are provided with the air guide grooves; the bottom in air guide groove is equipped with a plurality ofly and is the equidistance and distributes jet-propelled groove, just jet-propelled groove with air guide groove contained angle is 30 degrees, and is a plurality of jet-propelled tank bottom with the base bottom outside intercommunication.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) according to the intelligent culvert section laying machine, the moving mechanism can conveniently move at the tops of the cross beams through the installation of the two cross beams, the supporting and placing of culvert sections are facilitated through the installation of the supporting mechanism and the moving mechanism, the positions and the directions of culvert sections can be conveniently adjusted under the action of the moving mechanism and the supporting mechanism, and the laying and installation of culvert sections are facilitated; namely: through the installation of a plurality of the connecting rods, two cross beams can be placed in parallel, under the drive of a motor, two bases are synchronously and slidably connected with the tops of the two cross beams through guide rails, so that the moving and laying of culvert sections are facilitated, the two cross beams are conveniently supported and jacked under the action of a plurality of hydraulic rods, the two cross beams are conveniently moved under the action of a plurality of trolleys, the transportation of the culvert sections is facilitated, the jacking of the culvert sections is facilitated through the installation of a top plate and an upright post, the orientation is adjusted through the horizontal rotation of the top plate and the bases through the drive of the motor, rolling wheels are rotated under the drive of the motor, so that the culvert sections at the top of a top beam are movably placed, the mechanization and intellectualization of the transportation of the culvert sections in a culvert cave are realized, and the problem that large-scale transport machinery and hoisting machinery in the culvert are not contradictory in use is effectively solved, the production efficiency and the laying quality are improved.
(2) According to the intelligent culvert section laying machine, the moving mechanism can be conveniently attached to the ground stably through the action of the abutting mechanism, the moving mechanism is placed and supported on different roadbeds, the moving mechanism is prevented from sinking, and meanwhile, sand, stone and soil adhered to the moving mechanism are removed under the action of the cleaning mechanism, so that clamping damage is prevented; namely: through pulling the handle, the handle drives the pressing plate to slide downwards in the fixed block, meanwhile, the sliding block breaks away from the action of the expansion spring to slide downwards, after the sliding block slides to a certain position, the pressing plate is rotated under the action of the sliding groove, so that the two pressing plates are vertically placed with the side wall of the fixed block, then the two pressing plates are pushed, so that the top of the pressing plate is inserted into the clamping groove to be abutted under the action of the sliding groove, the two pressing plates are always perpendicular to the side wall of the fixed block, when the hydraulic rod moves downwards, the bottom of the fixed block is abutted against the ground, the contact area is increased under the action of the two pressing plates, the hydraulic rod is abutted against the ground tightly, loose soil sinking is prevented, when the hydraulic rod is not used, the hydraulic rod contracts and then pulls the pressing plate to be separated from the clamping groove, then the pressing plate is rotated to be horizontal with the side wall of the fixed block, when two bases slide, the brush of two base both sides can strike off the grit and the earth of guide rail lateral wall, prevents the wheel kayser that rolls, conveniently changes the fixed plate and the brush and demolish under the effect of a plurality of bolts simultaneously.
(3) According to the intelligent culvert section laying machine, the two groups of gas injection mechanisms are driven by the moving mechanism to generate gas for storage and are sprayed out under the action of the dust removal mechanism, so that dust and impurities in the moving mechanism can be blown off, and the service life and the safety performance of equipment are guaranteed; namely: when roller bearing and guide rail rotate, the chuck can drive the carousel and rotate, utilize the piston principle, the carousel can drive the connecting rod and make a round trip to slide at the movable groove inside repeatedly, and make the compressed air bag motion produce gas, and it deposits to get into the gas storage tank inside through the check valve, after gas pressure when the gas storage tank inside reaches certain value, gas can promote the leather plug through the inlet chute and break away from the effect of compression spring and remove down, thereby make gas entering gas guide inslot portion, and spout to the base bottom outside through a plurality of jet-propelled grooves, a plurality of jet-propelled grooves are 30 degrees settings with gas guide groove simultaneously, be favorable to making the inside dust of base blow off to the outside, be favorable to making the base inside can not receive the dust influence and lead to equipment to damage.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the overall structure of a preferred embodiment of the intelligent culvert section laying machine provided by the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of the structure A shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of the structure B shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the connection structure of the cross beam and the moving mechanism shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of the structure C shown in FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of the structure D shown in FIG. 4;
fig. 7 is a schematic view of a connection structure between the moving mechanism and the abutting mechanism shown in fig. 1.
In the figure: 1. the device comprises a cross beam, 2, a moving mechanism, 21, a connecting rod, 22, a hydraulic rod, 23, a trolley, 24, a base, 25, a guide rail, 26, a rolling shaft, 3, a supporting mechanism, 31, a top plate, 32, a stand column, 33, a top beam, 34, a rolling wheel, 4, an abutting mechanism, 41, a fixed block, 42, a clamping groove, 43, a telescopic spring, 44, a sliding block, 45, a sliding groove, 46, a pressing plate, 47, a handle, 5, a cleaning mechanism, 51, a fixed plate, 52, a brush, 53, a bolt, 6, an air injection mechanism, 61, a clamping disc, 62, a rotating disc, 63, a connecting rod, 64, a movable groove, 65, a compression air bag, 66, a one-way valve, 7, a dust removal mechanism, 71, an air storage groove, 72, an air inlet groove, 73, a leather plug, 74, a compression spring, 75.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1-7, the intelligent culvert section laying machine of the invention comprises a beam 1, a moving mechanism 2, a supporting mechanism 3, a collision mechanism 4, a cleaning mechanism 5, a gas injection mechanism 6 and a dust removal mechanism 7, wherein the moving mechanism 2 for supporting and moving culvert sections is installed at the top of the two beams 1 for supporting and moving; the supporting mechanism 3 for supporting and adjusting the position of the culvert section is arranged at the top of the moving mechanism 2; the bottom of the moving mechanism 2 is provided with a plurality of collision mechanisms 4 for colliding and fixing the moving mechanism 2; a plurality of cleaning mechanisms 5 for scraping and brushing sundries and dust on the moving mechanism 2 are arranged in the moving mechanism 2; the gas injection mechanism 6 for storing gas injection is arranged in the moving mechanism 2; the bottom of the gas injection mechanism 6 is provided with the dust removal mechanism 7 for blowing and removing dust for the moving mechanism 2.
Specifically, the moving mechanism 2 comprises a connecting rod 21, a hydraulic rod 22, a trolley 23, a base 24, a guide rail 25 and a roller 26, a plurality of connecting rods 21 are installed between two cross beams 1, and the two cross beams 1 are connected in parallel through the plurality of connecting rods 21; the guide rails 25 are respectively installed at the tops of the two cross beams 1, the rollers 26 are respectively installed at two ends inside the two bases 24, the rollers 26 are in rolling connection with the guide rails 25 through motors, and the two bases 24 are in sliding connection with the tops of the two cross beams 1 through the guide rails 25; the bottoms of the two beams 1 are respectively provided with three trolleys 23 which are symmetrically and equidistantly distributed, the trolleys 23 are respectively connected with the bottoms of the two beams 1 in a sliding manner, and the bottoms of the trolleys 23 are respectively provided with a motor; two are installed respectively at the both ends of crossbeam 1 and are symmetric distribution hydraulic stem 22, just hydraulic stem 22 bottom with the inside sliding connection of crossbeam 1, through the installation of a plurality of connecting rods 21, thereby make two crossbeam 1 can be parallel to each other and place, makes two under the drive of motor base 24 passes through guide rail 25 and two the synchronous sliding connection in crossbeam 1 top is favorable to removing to containing the festival and lays, is a plurality of simultaneously convenient two under hydraulic stem 22's the effect crossbeam 1 supports the jack-up, and is a plurality of be favorable to two under the effect of platform truck 23 crossbeam 1 removes, conveniently transports containing the festival.
Specifically, the supporting mechanism 3 includes a top plate 31, an upright column 32, a top beam 33 and rolling wheels 34, the top plate 31 is mounted on the top of the two bases 24, and the top plate 31 is rotatably connected with the two bases 24 through a motor; two ends of the top plate 31 are respectively provided with two upright columns 32 which are symmetrically distributed, and the tops of the two upright columns 32 are respectively provided with two top beams 33 which are distributed in parallel; two install respectively the inside both ends of back timber 33 roll wheel 34, just the lateral wall of roll wheel 34 extends to the top outside of back timber 33, roll wheel 34 passes through the motor with the inside rotation of back timber 33 is connected, through roof 31 with the installation of stand 32 is favorable to containing the festival jack-up, through the drive of motor, thereby makes roof 31 with base 24 carries out the level and rotates and adjust the position, makes under the drive of motor roll wheel 34 rotates, thereby makes the containing festival at back timber 33 top removes and places.
Specifically, the abutting mechanism 4 includes a fixed block 41, a slot 42, a telescopic spring 43, a slider 44, a chute 45, a pressing plate 46 and a handle 47, and the fixed block 41 is respectively mounted at the bottoms of the four hydraulic rods 22; the sliding blocks 44 are respectively installed inside two ends of the fixed block 41, the telescopic springs 43 are installed at the tops of the sliding blocks 44, and the sliding blocks 44 are slidably connected with the inside of the fixed block 41 through the telescopic springs 43; the two pressing plates 46 are respectively installed inside two ends of the fixed block 41, the sliding grooves 45 are formed in the inner sides of the tops of the two pressing plates 46, the bottom of the sliding block 44 is connected with the inside of the sliding groove 45 in a sliding mode, and the pressing plates 46 are connected with the inside of the fixed block 41 in a sliding mode through the sliding block 44; the clamping grooves 42 are formed in the bottom sides of the inner parts of the two ends of the fixing block 41, and the inner width of each clamping groove 42 is larger than the width of the top of the pressing plate 46; the handles 47 are respectively installed on one side of the bottoms of the two pressing plates 46, the handles 47 are pulled, so that the handles 47 drive the pressing plates 46 to slide downwards in the fixed block 41, meanwhile, the sliding blocks 44 get rid of the downward sliding under the action of the extension springs 43, after the sliding blocks 44 slide to a certain position, the pressing plates 46 are rotated under the action of the sliding grooves 45, so that the two pressing plates 46 are vertically placed with the side walls of the fixed block 41, then the two pressing plates 46 are pushed, so that the tops of the pressing plates 46 are inserted into the clamping grooves 42 to be abutted under the action of the sliding grooves 45, the two pressing plates 46 are always perpendicular to the side walls of the fixed block 41, when the hydraulic rod 22 is pressed downwards to move, the bottoms of the fixed block 41 are abutted against the ground, and the contact area is increased under the action of the two pressing plates 46, the hydraulic rod 22 is tightly abutted against the ground to prevent loose ground from sinking, when the hydraulic rod is not used, the hydraulic rod 22 is contracted, the pressing plate 46 is pulled to be separated from the clamping groove 42, the pressing plate 46 is rotated to be horizontal to the side wall of the fixed block 41, and the pressing plate 46 is driven to be reset and stored in the fixed block 41 under the action of the expansion spring 43 and the sliding block 44.
Specifically, the cleaning mechanism 5 includes a fixing plate 51, a brush 52 and bolts 53, the fixing plate 51 is respectively mounted on the side walls of the two ends of the two bases 24, and the fixing plate 51 is detachably connected with the side walls of the bases 24 through the bolts 53; install fixed plate 51's bottom brush 52, just brush 52's bottom with guide rail 25 contradicts, two when base 24 slides, two base 24 both sides brush 52 can be right the grit and the earth of guide rail 25 lateral wall strike off, prevent the snap-lock of roller wheel 34 is simultaneously a plurality of bolt 53's effect is convenient right down fixed plate 51 with brush 52 changes and demolishs.
Specifically, the gas injection mechanism 6 includes a chuck 61, a turntable 62, a connecting rod 63, a movable groove 64, a compressed gas bag 65 and a one-way valve 66, the chuck 61 is installed on one side of the plurality of rollers 26, the turntables 62 are installed on two ends of the inside of the two bases 24 respectively, the turntables 62 are rotatably connected with the inside of the bases 24, and the side wall of the turntables 62 is abutted against the side wall of the chuck 61; one end of the connecting rod 63 is rotatably connected with one side edge of the turntable 62, the movable groove 64 is arranged inside the base 24, and the other end of the connecting rod 63 extends into the movable groove 64; the two ends of the inside of the two bases 24 are respectively provided with the compressed air bags 65, and the compressed air bags 65 are connected with the inside of the bases 24 in a sliding manner; the other end of connecting rod 63 respectively with the one end lateral wall of compression gasbag 65 rotates to be connected, two the other end of compression gasbag 65 is installed respectively check valve 66, works as roller bearing 26 with when guide rail 25 rotates, chuck 61 can drive carousel 62 rotates, utilizes the piston principle, carousel 62 can drive connecting rod 63 is in repeatedly the inside back and forth slip of activity groove 64, and makes compression gasbag 65 motion produces gas, and through check valve 66 gets into the inside deposit of gas storage tank 71.
Specifically, the dust removing mechanism 7 comprises an air storage tank 71, an air inlet tank 72, a leather plug 73, a compression spring 74, an air guide tank 75 and an air injection tank 76, the air storage tank 71 is mounted at the center of the inside of the two bases 24, the compression air bag 65 is communicated with the inside of the air storage tank 71 through the one-way valve 66, and the air inlet tank 72 is arranged at the bottom of the air storage tank 71; the leather plug 73 is connected with the bottom side of the inner center of the base 24 in a sliding mode, and the compression spring 74 is installed at the bottom of the leather plug 73; the bottom of the air inlet groove 72 is communicated with the top of the leather plug 73, and the side walls of two ends of the leather plug 73 are provided with the air guide grooves 75; air guide groove 75's bottom is equipped with a plurality of equidistance that are and distributes air jet groove 76, just air jet groove 76 with air guide groove 75 contained angle is 30 degrees, and is a plurality of air jet groove 76 bottom with base 24 bottom outside intercommunication works as after the inside gas pressure of gas storage tank 71 reaches certain value, gas can pass through air inlet groove 72 promotes leather plug 73 breaks away from remove under compression spring 74's the effect, thereby makes gaseous entering air guide groove 75 is inside, and through a plurality of air jet groove 76 to base 24 bottom outside blowout, it is simultaneously a plurality of air jet groove 76 with air guide groove 75 is 30 degrees settings, is favorable to making the inside dust of base 24 blows off to the outside, is favorable to making base 24 is inside can not receive the dust influence and leads to equipment to damage.
When the invention is used, firstly, the distance from a trolley 23 to a hydraulic rod 22 at the front end is greater than the length of a culvert section and the width of the trolley 23, the front ends of two cross beams 1 are inserted in front of the culvert section, the trolley 23 moves electrically (manually) and is tightly connected to the trolley 23, a power supply is started, the hydraulic rod 22 is retracted, the front ends of the two cross beams 1 are inserted in the culvert section, when the two hydraulic rods 22 on the front surface are exposed out of the culvert section, the whole machine stops running, a hydraulic rod 22 button is started, the two hydraulic rods 22 in the front part jack up one end of the whole machine, when the wheels of the trolley 23 are higher than the inner bottom surface of the culvert section, the hydraulic rod 22 stops, the trolley 23 is moved to the outer side of the culvert section manually or electrically, the retraction buttons of the two hydraulic rods 22 on the front end are started, the hydraulic rods 22 retract, the trolleys 23 fall to the ground, so that the whole machine can move forward by the length of one culvert section, the culvert section can be paved for the movement of the, sleepers are laid below the four hydraulic rods 22, buttons of the four hydraulic rods 22 are started, the hydraulic rods 22 extend out to jack the whole machine until the upper surfaces of the rolling wheels 34 of the top beams 33 are in contact with the upper top surface inside the culvert section, two horizontal sensors are arranged on the bearing beams to detect the horizontal condition of the whole machine, the hydraulic rods 22 continue to extend out after the whole machine is horizontally and longitudinally leveled, the culvert water-saving flat top is lifted to be away from the ground, and the wheel bottoms of the trolleys 23 are higher than the inner bottom surface of the culvert section. The driving can be started, and the culvert section moves back and forth on the top of the top beam 33 along the two cross beams 1; the device can be started and driven, the culvert section moves on the top of the top beam 33 and can be started and driven, the culvert section can horizontally rotate under the action of the motor top plate 31, the culvert section can conveniently and easily move and adjust the direction, the culvert section drags the trolley 23 to move to the end part of the bridge frame and stop, the four hydraulic rods 22 are started and retracted, the trolley 23 is put on the ground in a wheel mode, the whole device can move forwards, the previous actions are repeated in this way, mechanization and intellectualization of culvert section laying are realized, the contradiction that large-scale transport machinery and hoisting machinery in the culvert are not used is effectively solved, the production efficiency and the laying quality are improved, the handle 47 is pulled, so that the handle 47 drives the pressing plate 46 to slide downwards in the fixed block 41, meanwhile, the sliding block 44 slides downwards under the action of the expansion spring 43, after the sliding block 44 slides to a certain position, the pressing plate 46 rotates under the action of the sliding chute 45, and the two, then, the two pressing plates 46 are pushed, so that the tops of the pressing plates 46 are inserted into the clamping grooves 42 to be abutted under the action of the sliding grooves 45, the two pressing plates 46 are always perpendicular to the side walls of the fixed block 41, when the hydraulic rod 22 is pushed down to move, the bottom of the fixed block 41 is abutted against the ground, the contact area is increased under the action of the two pressing plates 46, the hydraulic rod 22 is tightly abutted against the ground to prevent loose ground from sinking, when the hydraulic rod 22 is not used, the hydraulic rod 22 contracts, the pressing plates 46 are pulled to be separated from the clamping grooves 42, then the pressing plates 46 are rotated to be horizontal with the side walls of the fixed block 41, the pressing plates 46 are driven to reset under the action of the expansion springs 43 and the sliding blocks 44 to be stored in the fixed block 41, when the two bases 24 slide, the brushes 52 on the two sides of the two bases 24 can scrape sand and soil on the side walls of the guide rails 25 to prevent the rollers 34 from being locked, and the, when roller 26 and guide rail 25 rotate, chuck 61 can drive carousel 62 to rotate, utilize the piston principle, carousel 62 can drive connecting rod 63 and relapse to make a round trip to slide in movable groove 64 inside, and make compressed air bag 65 motion produce gas, and it deposits to get into the gas storage tank 71 through check valve 66 inside, after the gas pressure of the inside gas storage tank 71 reached certain value, gas can promote leather plug 73 through inlet slot 72 and move under getting rid of compression spring 74's effect, thereby make gas get into the gas guide tank 75 inside, and spout to the outside of base 24 bottom through a plurality of jet slots 76, a plurality of jet slots 76 are 30 degrees settings with gas guide tank 75 simultaneously, be favorable to making the inside dust of base 24 blow off to the outside, be favorable to making the inside dust that can not receive the dust influence and lead to equipment to damaging of base 24.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (7)

1. An intelligent culvert section laying machine is characterized by comprising a cross beam (1), a moving mechanism (2), a supporting mechanism (3), a collision mechanism (4), a cleaning mechanism (5), a gas injection mechanism (6) and a dust removal mechanism (7), wherein the moving mechanism (2) for supporting and moving culvert sections is installed at the tops of the two cross beams (1) for supporting and moving; the supporting mechanism (3) for supporting and adjusting the position of the culvert section is arranged at the top of the moving mechanism (2); the bottom of the moving mechanism (2) is provided with a plurality of collision mechanisms (4) for colliding and fixing the moving mechanism (2); a plurality of cleaning mechanisms (5) used for scraping and brushing sundries and dust on the moving mechanism (2) are arranged in the moving mechanism (2); the gas injection mechanism (6) for storing gas injection is arranged in the moving mechanism (2); the bottom of the gas injection mechanism (6) is provided with the dust removal mechanism (7) which is used for blowing and removing dust for the moving mechanism (2).
2. The intelligent culvert section laying machine of claim 1, wherein: the moving mechanism (2) comprises connecting rods (21), hydraulic rods (22), a trolley (23), a base (24), guide rails (25) and rollers (26), a plurality of connecting rods (21) are mounted between the two cross beams (1), and the two cross beams (1) are connected in parallel through the connecting rods (21); the guide rails (25) are respectively installed at the tops of the two cross beams (1), the rolling shafts (26) are respectively installed at two ends inside the two bases (24), the rolling shafts (26) are in rolling connection with the guide rails (25) through motors, and the two bases (24) are in sliding connection with the tops of the two cross beams (1) through the guide rails (25); the bottom parts of the two beams (1) are respectively provided with three trolleys (23) which are symmetrically distributed at equal intervals, the trolleys (23) are respectively connected with the bottom parts of the two beams (1) in a sliding manner, and the bottom parts of the trolleys (23) are respectively provided with a motor; two hydraulic rods (22) which are symmetrically distributed are respectively installed at two ends of the two cross beams (1), and the bottoms of the hydraulic rods (22) are connected with the inner part of the cross beam (1) in a sliding mode.
3. The intelligent culvert section laying machine of claim 2, wherein: the supporting mechanism (3) comprises top plates (31), upright columns (32), top beams (33) and rolling wheels (34), the top plates (31) are mounted at the tops of the two bases (24), and the top plates (31) are rotatably connected with the two bases (24) through motors; two ends of the top plate (31) are respectively provided with two upright columns (32) which are symmetrically distributed, and the tops of the two upright columns (32) are respectively provided with two top beams (33) which are distributed in parallel; two install respectively at the inside both ends of back timber (33) roll wheel (34), just the lateral wall of rolling wheel (34) extends to the top outside of back timber (33), roll wheel (34) pass through the motor with back timber (33) internal rotation is connected.
4. The intelligent culvert section laying machine of claim 3, wherein: the abutting mechanism (4) comprises a fixed block (41), a clamping groove (42), a telescopic spring (43), a sliding block (44), a sliding groove (45), a pressing plate (46) and a handle (47), and the fixed block (41) is respectively installed at the bottoms of the four hydraulic rods (22); the sliding blocks (44) are respectively installed inside two ends of the fixed block (41), the telescopic springs (43) are installed at the tops of the sliding blocks (44), and the sliding blocks (44) are connected with the inside of the fixed block (41) in a sliding mode through the telescopic springs (43); the two pressing plates (46) are respectively installed inside two ends of the fixed block (41), the sliding grooves (45) are formed in the inner sides of the tops of the two pressing plates (46), the bottom of the sliding block (44) is connected with the inside of the sliding groove (45) in a sliding mode, and the pressing plates (46) are connected with the inside of the fixed block (41) in a sliding mode through the sliding block (44); the clamping grooves (42) are formed in the bottom sides of the inner parts of the two ends of the fixing block (41), and the inner width of each clamping groove (42) is larger than the width of the top of the corresponding pressing plate (46); the handles (47) are respectively arranged on one side of the bottoms of the two pressure plates (46).
5. The intelligent culvert section laying machine of claim 4, wherein: the cleaning mechanism (5) comprises fixing plates (51), brushes (52) and bolts (53), the fixing plates (51) are respectively installed on the side walls of the two ends of the two bases (24), and the fixing plates (51) are detachably connected with the side walls of the bases (24) through the bolts (53); the bottom of the fixed plate (51) is provided with the brush (52), and the bottom of the brush (52) is abutted against the guide rail (25).
6. The intelligent culvert section laying machine of claim 5, wherein: the gas injection mechanism (6) comprises a chuck (61), a rotary table (62), a connecting rod (63), a movable groove (64), a compression air bag (65) and a one-way valve (66), wherein the chuck (61) is installed on one side of a plurality of rolling shafts (26), the rotary tables (62) are respectively installed at two ends of the inner parts of the two bases (24), the rotary tables (62) are rotatably connected with the inner parts of the bases (24), and the side wall of each rotary table (62) is abutted against the side wall of the chuck (61); one end of the connecting rod (63) is rotatably connected with one side edge of the turntable (62), the movable groove (64) is formed in the base (24), and the other end of the connecting rod (63) extends into the movable groove (64); the two ends of the interior of the two bases (24) are respectively provided with the compression air bags (65), and the compression air bags (65) are connected with the interior of the bases (24) in a sliding manner; the other end of the connecting rod (63) is respectively rotatably connected with the side wall of one end of each of the compression air bags (65), and the other ends of the two compression air bags (65) are respectively provided with the one-way valves (66).
7. The intelligent culvert section laying machine of claim 6, wherein: the dust removal mechanism (7) comprises air storage grooves (71), air inlet grooves (72), leather plugs (73), compression springs (74), air guide grooves (75) and air injection grooves (76), the air storage grooves (71) are mounted at the centers of the interiors of the two bases (24), the compression air bags (65) are communicated with the interiors of the air storage grooves (71) through the one-way valves (66), and the air inlet grooves (72) are formed in the bottoms of the air storage grooves (71); the leather plug (73) is connected with the bottom side of the inner center of the base (24) in a sliding mode, and the compression spring (74) is installed at the bottom of the leather plug (73); the bottom of the air inlet groove (72) is communicated with the top of the leather plug (73), and the side walls of two ends of the leather plug (73) are provided with the air guide grooves (75); the bottom in air guide groove (75) is equipped with a plurality of equidistance that are and distributes air jet groove (76), just air jet groove (76) with air guide groove (75) contained angle is 30 degrees, and is a plurality of air jet groove (76) bottom with base (24) bottom outside intercommunication.
CN202010341835.9A 2020-04-27 2020-04-27 Intelligent culvert section laying machine Active CN111676849B (en)

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CN112678693A (en) * 2020-12-03 2021-04-20 中铁四局集团有限公司 Jacking trolley for quickly splicing culvert sections and control method
CN112919376A (en) * 2021-03-04 2021-06-08 浙江环森环境科技有限公司 Fixing frame for installation and maintenance of environment-friendly equipment and use method thereof

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CN206035507U (en) * 2016-09-13 2017-03-22 湖南五新隧道智能装备股份有限公司 Rectangle box culvert and for tunnel construction platform truck
CN107856595A (en) * 2017-10-09 2018-03-30 苏州大方特种车股份有限公司 Box culvert transport vehicle and box culvert construct method
CN207315404U (en) * 2017-09-25 2018-05-04 中铁十二局集团第三工程有限公司 Municipal tunnel big cross section culvert and piping lane trolley
CN110195413A (en) * 2019-06-11 2019-09-03 陕西路桥集团有限公司 A kind of box culvert construct method based on mould trolley in movable type
CN209493971U (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-10-15 中国建筑土木建设有限公司 A kind of piping lane erection trolley with accurate adjustment component

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CN206035507U (en) * 2016-09-13 2017-03-22 湖南五新隧道智能装备股份有限公司 Rectangle box culvert and for tunnel construction platform truck
CN207315404U (en) * 2017-09-25 2018-05-04 中铁十二局集团第三工程有限公司 Municipal tunnel big cross section culvert and piping lane trolley
CN107856595A (en) * 2017-10-09 2018-03-30 苏州大方特种车股份有限公司 Box culvert transport vehicle and box culvert construct method
CN209493971U (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-10-15 中国建筑土木建设有限公司 A kind of piping lane erection trolley with accurate adjustment component
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112678693A (en) * 2020-12-03 2021-04-20 中铁四局集团有限公司 Jacking trolley for quickly splicing culvert sections and control method
CN112919376A (en) * 2021-03-04 2021-06-08 浙江环森环境科技有限公司 Fixing frame for installation and maintenance of environment-friendly equipment and use method thereof

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