CN111671587B - Auxiliary turning-over device for nursing - Google Patents

Auxiliary turning-over device for nursing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111671587B
CN111671587B CN202010735713.8A CN202010735713A CN111671587B CN 111671587 B CN111671587 B CN 111671587B CN 202010735713 A CN202010735713 A CN 202010735713A CN 111671587 B CN111671587 B CN 111671587B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rod
plate
sliding
bed body
sliding frame
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CN202010735713.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111671587A (en
Inventor
韩叶萍
艾进伟
陈文辉
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Henan Hospital Traditional Chinese Medicine Second Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine TCM
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Henan Hospital Traditional Chinese Medicine Second Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine TCM
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Priority to CN202010735713.8A priority Critical patent/CN111671587B/en
Publication of CN111671587A publication Critical patent/CN111671587A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/001Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons with means for turning-over the patient
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/002Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame
    • A61G7/012Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame raising or lowering of the whole mattress frame
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/002Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame
    • A61G7/015Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame divided into different adjustable sections, e.g. for Gatch position
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/02Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons with toilet conveniences, or specially adapted for use with toilets
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • A61G7/057Arrangements for preventing bed-sores or for supporting patients with burns, e.g. mattresses specially adapted therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • A61G7/065Rests specially adapted therefor
    • A61G7/07Rests specially adapted therefor for the head or torso, e.g. special back-rests

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  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Nursing (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Animal Behavior & Ethology (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Public Health (AREA)
  • Veterinary Medicine (AREA)
  • Invalid Beds And Related Equipment (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to an auxiliary turning-over device for nursing, which can realize the synchronization of sitting up and defecation of a patient through the cooperation among a first right gear, a second rotating gear, a first left gear and a synchronous screw rod, solves the problem of single function and complicated operation of the existing nursing bed, and comprises an upper bed body and a lower bed body, wherein the upper bed body is vertically and slidably arranged on the lower bed body, a through hole groove is formed in the upper bed body, a second left sliding plate vertically and slidably arranged in the through hole groove is hinged on the upper bed body, a first left sliding plate vertically and slidably arranged in the through hole groove is hinged at the left end of the second left sliding plate, a front turning plate and a rear turning plate positioned at the right end of the second left sliding plate are hinged on the upper bed body, a square plate positioned in the middle of the front turning-over plate and the rear turning-over plate is detachably arranged at the upper end of the upper bed body, a circular through hole is formed in the square plate, and the back of the patient can be turned over through the cooperation among a first right gear, the screw rod and a supporting plate, preventing the bedsore phenomenon on the back.

Description

Auxiliary turning-over device for nursing
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of medical nursing equipment, in particular to an auxiliary turning-over device for nursing.
Background
Generally, the posture of a person lying on a bed is divided into three types: the bed-ridden patients lie on the flat, left and right sides, because partial limbs are pressed when lying in bed, the blood circulation of the pressed part is poor or blocked, if the limbs are pressed for too long time, nerves are numb and the sleep quality is affected, and the flesh necrosis of the pressed part is caused, and the organ function is affected and accelerated degeneration is caused to cause chronic diseases.
At present hospital and home care often use nursing bed design usually for unique two folding structures now, and the bed surface adopts special cushion structure to the bed surface can be adjusted to forms such as flat, horizontal at will, has functions such as getting up, urinating and defecating, and some nursing beds still unique designs on the market have the physiotherapy magnetic mattress, play the health care effect, can stimulate blood circulation, improve the nursing level, improve patient's bed experience.
However, the existing nursing bed has the following problems:
1. on the nursing problem of handling the defecation, current nursing bed structure is only to place a bedpan under the nursing bed, and the defecation is accomplished the back, by nursing staff clearance bedpan, if the patient defecation is frequent, then can increase nursing staff's work load undoubtedly, can not accomplish to sit up and the synchronization of defecation.
2. For some patients who are bedridden and can not turn over, nursing staff need to help the patients to turn over frequently in order to prevent bedsores, and some existing nursing beds or integrated bed plates need to be moved by the nursing staff to turn over, so that the nursing staff is hard to feel uncomfortable.
Therefore, the invention provides a nursing auxiliary turn-over device to solve the problem.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the situation, in order to overcome the defects of the prior art, the invention provides the auxiliary turn-over device for nursing, which effectively solves the problem that the existing nursing bed cannot be used for synchronously sitting up and relieving the bowels and is inconvenient to turn over.
The auxiliary turning-over device for nursing comprises an upper bed body and a lower bed body, wherein the upper bed body is vertically and slidably mounted on the lower bed body, a through hole groove is formed in the upper bed body, a second left sliding plate vertically and slidably arranged in the through hole groove is hinged to the upper bed body 1, a first left sliding plate is hinged to the left end of the second left sliding plate, a front turning plate and a rear turning plate located at the right end of the second left sliding plate are hinged to the upper bed body, a square plate located in the middle of the front turning plate and the rear turning plate is detachably mounted on the upper bed body, a circular through hole is formed in the square plate, a second front turning plate and a second rear turning plate are hinged to the right end of the front turning plate and the rear turning plate, and a first front turning plate and a second rear turning plate are hinged to the right end of the second front turning plate and the rear turning plate;
the bottom of the first left sliding plate and the bottom of the second left sliding plate are hinged with a first connecting rod mechanism, the bottom of the upper bed body is rotatably provided with a first rotating column, the other end of the first connecting rod mechanism is connected to the first rotating column, the lower end of the front side of the upper bed body is rotatably provided with a first left gear positioned on the right side of the first rotating column, and the first rotating column is connected with the first left gear through a first chain wheel group; a second connecting rod mechanism is installed at the bottoms of the second front and rear turning plate and the first front and rear turning plate in a left-right sliding mode, a fixed groove plate is fixedly installed at the right side of the bottom of the upper bed body, a screw rod thread sleeve is coaxially and threadedly installed on the first vertical screw rod, a sliding column is placed on the screw rod thread sleeve, the second connecting rod mechanism is fixedly installed on the sliding column, a first right gear which is located on the right side of the first left gear and is in left-right flush with the first left gear is rotatably installed at the bottom of the upper bed body, and a second chain wheel set is connected between the first vertical screw rod and the first right gear;
go up the lower surface of the bed body and rotate and install the second rotating gear who is located first left gear rear side, the bottom screw thread of going up the bed body install simultaneously with between first right gear and the first left gear and with the synchronous silk of the two meshing simultaneously, and synchronous lead screw and second rotating gear meshing, the bottom of going up the bed body is rotated and is installed the rotation lead screw that is located square board below right side, the meshing of rotation lead screw upper end has the mechanism that opens and shuts that is located circular through-hole top, pass through third sprocket wheelset connection between second rotating gear and the rotation lead screw, go up to rotate on the bed body and install the driven lead screw that is located the rotation lead screw rear side, be connected with fourth sprocket group between rotation lead screw and the driven lead screw, the lift plate is installed to the lower extreme screw thread of driven lead screw, place the closestool that is located circular through-hole below on the lift plate.
Preferably, the first link mechanism is composed of a first left rotating rod, a second left rotating rod and a third left rotating rod, the lower end of the first left sliding plate is hinged with the first left rotating rod, the other end of the first left rotating rod is hinged on the third left rotating rod, the lower end of the second left sliding plate is hinged with the second left rotating rod, the other end of the second left rotating rod is hinged in the middle of the third left rotating rod, and the other end of the third left rotating rod is fixedly installed on the first rotating column;
the second connecting rod mechanism is composed of a second sliding rod and a first sliding rod, the first sliding rod slides left and right at the bottom of the first front and rear turning plate, the second sliding rod slides left and right at the bottom of the second front and rear turning plate, the other end of the first sliding rod is hinged to the middle of the second sliding rod, and the other end of the second sliding rod is fixedly connected with the sliding column.
Preferably, the lower end of the upper bed body is respectively fixedly provided with a front sliding frame and a rear sliding frame which are positioned at the front side and the rear side of the lifting plate, a rear sliding frame screw rod in the front-back direction is rotatably arranged in the rear sliding frame, a rear sliding frame thread sleeve is coaxially and threadedly arranged on the rear sliding frame screw rod, the rear sliding frame threaded sleeve is fixedly connected with a rear arc-shaped frame, the front sliding frame is rotatably provided with a front external tooth internal thread sleeve, the front external tooth thread bush is internally and threadedly provided with a front sliding frame screw rod, the front sliding frame screw rod is coaxially and fixedly provided with a front sliding frame thread bush positioned at the rear side of the front external tooth thread bush, a front arc-shaped frame is fixedly arranged on the front sliding frame threaded sleeve, a front outer first tooth screw rod meshed with the front outer tooth threaded sleeve is rotatably arranged on the left side of the front sliding frame, and a front external tooth second screw rod is rotatably arranged at the bottom of the rear sliding frame, and a third chain wheel set is connected between the front external tooth first screw rod and the front external tooth second screw rod.
Preferably, the mechanism that opens and shuts comprises ring gear and arc dwang and flabellum, go up to rotate on the bed body and install the ring gear that is located circular through-hole below, the ring gear is connected with the meshing of rotation lead screw, a plurality of hinges of opening of ring gear internal rotation installation, the ring gear is with a plurality of connect through the arc dwang respectively between the hinge.
Preferably, the front and rear turning plates consist of a front turning plate and a rear turning plate, the rear side surface of the front turning plate and the front side surface of the rear turning plate are respectively hinged on the upper bed body, the second front and rear turning plate consists of a second front turning plate and a second rear turning plate, the rear side surface of the first front turning plate is hinged on the front side surface of the second rear turning plate, the first front and rear turning plate consists of a first front turning plate and a first rear turning plate, the rear side surface of the first front turning plate is hinged on the front side surface of the first rear turning plate, the bottom of the upper bed body is rotatably provided with a turning rod which is arranged in the left-right direction and is positioned below the second front-back turning plate and the first front-back turning plate, two ends of the turning rod are respectively fixedly provided with a turning support plate positioned below the second front and back turning plate and the first front and back turning plate, one end of the turning-over rod is fixedly provided with a turning-over gear, and the bottom of the upper bed body is rotatably provided with a turning-over screw rod meshed with the turning-over gear.
Preferably, the second front turning plate and the second rear turning plate are respectively provided with a rectangular groove, two ends of the left side and the right side of the rectangular groove are respectively rotatably provided with a rotating roller, a belt is arranged between the rotating rollers, a plurality of bosses are uniformly and fixedly arranged on the outer surface of the belt, the second front turning plate and the second rear turning plate are respectively fixedly provided with a motor which is respectively and fixedly connected with one of the rotating rollers in a coaxial manner, a massage fixing plate which is positioned above the bosses is detachably arranged in the rectangular groove, a plurality of massage balls are vertically and slidably arranged on the massage fixing plate, and the bottoms of the massage balls are respectively tightly attached to the bosses.
Preferably, the bed body is gone up to rotate down and is installed the two-way threaded rod of left right direction, rotate between the front and back of the bed body down and install the initiative worm that is located two-way threaded rod below, the last screw thread of difference of two-way threaded rod installs initiative scroll cover, the one end fixed mounting of two-way threaded rod has the worm wheel with the meshing of initiative worm, both sides fixed mounting respectively has the fixed axle, two around going up the bottom of the bed body the rotation is installed to initiative scroll cover, rotate in the axis of rotation and install the lifter, the other end of lifter rotates and installs on the fixed axle.
Preferably, a second vertical screw rod is rotatably installed between the upper portion and the lower portion of the front side face of the fixed groove plate, a second vertical screw rod gear is fixedly installed on the upper end of the second vertical screw rod in a coaxial mode, a second vertical worm meshed with the second vertical screw rod gear is rotatably installed on the front side face of the fixed groove plate, and a second vertical spiral sleeve located below the sliding column is installed on the lower end of the second vertical screw rod in a coaxial threaded mode.
Preferably, a plurality of telescopic rods are fixedly mounted at four corners of the lower bed body, the upper bed body is fixedly mounted at the top ends of the plurality of telescopic rods, and a plurality of universal wheels are fixedly mounted at the bottom of the lower bed body.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. can go up the bed body through the cooperation between initiative worm, worm wheel, two-way threaded rod, axis of rotation and the lifter and rise or reduce, satisfy the demand of different heights, the universal wheel can remove relevant position to the nursing bed simultaneously.
2. Can realize through the cooperation between first right gear, second rotating gear, first left gear and the synchronous lead screw that patient sits and urinate and defecate the synchronization, solve current nursing bed function singleness and complex operation's problem.
3. The back of the patient can be turned up through the matching of the turning-over rod, the turning-over screw rod and the turning-over supporting plate, so that the bedsore phenomenon on the back is prevented.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a first perspective view of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of the present invention at A.
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of the invention at B.
Fig. 4 is a view showing the installation of the second left rotating lever according to the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the second embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of the invention at C.
FIG. 7 is a first left slider panel mounting view of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a view showing the installation of the massage plate of the present invention.
FIG. 9 is an enlarged view of the invention at D.
FIG. 10 is a view of the rear slide frame assembly of the present invention.
FIG. 11 is an enlarged view of the invention at E.
FIG. 12 is an enlarged view of the invention at G.
FIG. 13 is a front slide frame mounting view of the present invention.
FIG. 14 is an enlarged view of the invention at F.
FIG. 15 is an enlarged view of the invention at H.
Fig. 16 is a view of the active lead screw mounting of the present invention.
Fig. 17 is a view showing the installation of the ring gear of the present invention.
FIG. 18 is a side turn-over view of the present invention.
Fig. 19 is an exploded view of the opening and closing mechanism of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The foregoing and other technical matters, features and effects of the present invention will be apparent from the following detailed description of the embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which reference is made to the accompanying drawings.
Exemplary embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
In the first embodiment, the nursing auxiliary turn-over device comprises an upper bed body 1 and a lower bed body 2, wherein the upper bed body 1 is vertically slidably mounted on the lower bed body 2, the upper bed body 1 can vertically slide on the lower bed body 2 to adjust the height of the upper bed body 1 when in use, a through hole groove is formed in the upper bed body 1, a second left sliding plate 5 vertically sliding in the through hole groove is hinged on the upper bed body 1, the second left sliding plate 5 can vertically slide in the through hole groove on the upper bed body 1 when in use, a first left sliding plate 4 vertically sliding in the through hole groove is hinged at the left end of the second left sliding plate 5, the second left sliding plate 5 drives the first left sliding plate 4 to vertically slide when in use, a front and rear turning plate 6 positioned at the right end of the second left sliding plate 5 is hinged on the upper bed body 1, a square plate 17 positioned in the middle of the front and rear turning plate 6 is detachably mounted at the upper end of the upper bed body 1, when the bed is used, the square plate 17 is detachably mounted on the upper bed body 1, the square plate 17 is provided with a circular through hole, the right ends of the front and rear turning plates 6 are hinged with a second front and rear turning plate 7, the right ends of the second front and rear turning plates 7 are hinged with a first front and rear turning plate 8, and the first front and rear turning plate 8 can drive the second front and rear turning plate 7 to slide up and down;
the bottom of the first left sliding plate 4 and the bottom of the second left sliding plate 5 are hinged with a first link mechanism, when in use, the first link mechanism can drive the first left sliding plate 4 and the second left sliding plate 5 to slide up and down, at this time, the legs and feet of the patient can be placed on the first left sliding plate 4 to relax intermittently, the bottom of the upper bed body 1 is rotatably provided with a first rotating column 11, the front end of the first rotating column 11 is coaxially and fixedly provided with a first rotating worm gear, the front side of the bottom of the upper bed body 1 is rotatably provided with a first rotating worm gear screw 15 engaged with the first rotating worm gear, the other end of the first link mechanism is connected on the first rotating column 11, when in use, the first rotating column 11 can drive the first link mechanism to swing up and down, the lower end of the front side of the upper bed body 1 is rotatably provided with a first left gear 13 positioned at the right side of the first rotating column 11, the first rotating column 11 is connected with the first left gear 13 through a first chain wheel set 16, the first chain wheel set 16 is composed of two first chain wheels and a first chain, one of the first chain wheels is coaxially and fixedly installed on the first rotating worm-gear lead screw 15, the other one of the first chain wheels is coaxially and fixedly installed on the first left gear 13, the two first chain wheels are connected through the first chain, when in use, the first left gear 13 rotates to drive the first rotating worm-gear lead screw 15 to rotate through the first chain wheel set 16, and the first rotating worm-gear lead screw 15 is meshed with the first rotating worm gear and the first rotating column 11 to rotate;
a second connecting rod mechanism is arranged at the bottom of the second front and rear turning plate 7 and the bottom of the first front and rear turning plate 8 in a left-right sliding manner, the second connecting rod mechanism can slide at the bottom of the second front and rear turning plate 7 and the bottom of the first front and rear turning plate 8 in a left-right manner, a fixed groove plate 3 is fixedly arranged at the right side of the bottom of the upper bed body 1, a first vertical screw 27 is rotatably arranged between the upper top end and the lower bottom end of the rear end surface of the fixed groove plate 3, the first vertical screw 27 is rotatably arranged on the rear end surface of the fixed groove plate 3, a screw thread sleeve 29 is coaxially and threadedly arranged on the first vertical screw 27, a fixing plate for preventing the screw thread sleeve 29 from rotating in situ when the first vertical screw 27 rotates is arranged at the rear side surface of the fixed groove plate 3, a sliding column 28 is arranged on the screw thread sleeve 29, the second connecting rod mechanism is fixedly arranged on the sliding column 28, and the screw thread sleeve 29 can be driven to slide upwards by the rotation of the first vertical screw 27 when in use, because the screw rod thread sleeve 29 is limited by the fixing plate, at the same time, the screw rod thread sleeve 29 can slide up and down on the first vertical screw rod 27, the sliding column 28 is lifted by the screw rod thread sleeve 29, and the second link mechanism slides up and down, the upper end of the second link mechanism can slide back and forth on the bottom surfaces of the second front and rear turning plate 7 and the first front and rear turning plate 8 and prop against the second front and rear turning plate 7 and the first front and rear turning plate 8 to ascend or descend, the back of the patient is lifted by the second front and rear turning plate 7 and the first front and rear turning plate 8, the pain of the patient in long-term bed rest is relieved, the first right gear 22 which is positioned at the right side of the first left gear 13 and is flush with the left and right side of the first left gear 13 is rotatably installed at the bottom of the upper bed body 1, a second chain wheel group is connected between the first vertical screw rod 27 and the first right gear 22, and the second chain wheel group is composed of two second chain wheels and a second chain, one of the second chain wheels is coaxially and fixedly installed on the first right gear 22, the other second chain wheel is coaxially and fixedly installed on the upper end of the first vertical screw rod 27, the two second chain wheels are connected through a second chain, and when the chain wheel is used, the rotation of the first right gear 22 drives the first vertical screw rod 27 to rotate through the second chain wheel group;
the lower surface of the upper bed body 1 is rotatably provided with a second rotating gear 14 positioned at the rear side of a first left gear 13, the bottom of the upper bed body 1 is threadedly provided with a synchronous screw rod 23 positioned between a first right gear 22 and the first left gear 13 and simultaneously meshed with the first right gear and the first left gear, the synchronous screw rod 23 is meshed with the second rotating gear 14, the synchronous screw rod 23 is provided with a crank, the bottom of the upper bed body 1 is rotatably provided with a rotating screw rod 18 positioned at the right side below a square plate 17, the upper end of the rotating screw rod 18 is fixedly provided with an opening and closing gear, the upper end of the rotating screw rod 18 is meshed with an opening and closing mechanism positioned above a circular through hole, the opening and closing gear is meshed with the opening and closing mechanism, the rotating screw rod 18 rotates to drive the opening and closing gear to rotate when in use, the opening and closing gear is meshed with the opening and closing mechanism to rotate, the second rotating gear 14 is connected with the rotating screw rod 18 through a third chain wheel set 19, the third chain wheel set 19 is composed of two third chain wheels and a third chain, wherein one of the third chain wheels is coaxially and fixedly arranged on the second rotating gear 14, the other third chain wheel is coaxially and fixedly arranged on the rotating screw rod 18, the two third chain wheels are connected through the third chain, when the multifunctional bed is used, the second rotating gear 14 rotates, the rotating screw rod 18 is driven to rotate through the third chain wheel set 19, the driven screw rod 44 positioned at the rear side of the rotating screw rod 18 is rotatably arranged on the upper bed body 1, a fourth chain wheel set 45 is connected between the rotating screw rod 18 and the driven screw rod 44, the fourth chain wheel set 45 is composed of two fourth chain wheels and a fourth chain, one of the fourth chain wheels is coaxially and fixedly arranged on the driven screw rod 44, the other fourth chain wheel is coaxially and fixedly arranged on the rotating screw rod 18, and the two fourth chain wheels are connected through the fourth chain, when the closestool is used, the rotation of the rotating screw rod 18 synchronously drives the driven screw rod 44 to rotate through the fourth chain wheel set 45, the lifting plate 20 is installed at the lower end of the driven screw rod 44 in a threaded mode, the closestool 21 positioned below the circular through hole is placed on the lifting plate 20, and when the closestool is used specifically, the lifting plate 20 and the closestool 21 are driven to ascend or descend by the driven screw rod 44 when the driven screw rod 44 rotates on the upper bed body 1;
the upper surfaces of the first left sliding plate 4, the second left sliding plate 5, the second front and rear turning plate 7 and the first front and rear turning plate 8 are provided with soft materials such as sponge pads and the like, so that pain of a patient can be relieved when the patient lies on a bed for a long time, a sponge plate is placed in a circular through hole formed in the square plate 17 to block the circular hole, when the medical bed is used, the legs of the patient are placed at the upper ends of the first left sliding plate 4 and the second left sliding plate 5, the buttocks are seated at the upper end of the circular through hole formed in the square plate 17, and the back of the patient lies at the upper ends of the second front and rear turning plate 7 and the first front and rear turning plate 8;
when a patient needs to relieve the bowels, firstly the sponge plate is taken off, then the hand crank on the synchronous screw rod 23 is manually shaken to rotate, the synchronous screw rod 23 moves backwards along the upper bed body 1, the synchronous screw rod 23 is simultaneously meshed with the first right gear 22 and the first left gear 13, at this time, the first left gear 13 drives the first rotating column 11 to rotate through the first chain wheel set 16, the first rotating column 11 drives the first connecting rod mechanism to respectively drive the first left sliding plate 4 and the second left sliding plate 5 to move downwards, at this time, the two legs also move downwards, at the same time, the synchronous screw rod 23 drives the first right gear 22 to rotate, the first right gear 22 drives the second chain wheel set to rotate, the second chain wheel set drives the first vertical screw rod 27 to rotate, the first screw rod vertical screw rod 27 drives the screw rod thread sleeve 29 and the sliding column 28 to move upwards, at this time, the sliding column 28 drives the second connecting rod mechanism to support the second front and back turning plate 7 and the first front and back turning plate 8 to move upwards, meanwhile, the back is lifted, so that the legs and the back can move simultaneously, and pain is relieved;
along with the continuous backward movement of the synchronous screw rod 23, at the moment, the synchronous screw rod 23 is meshed with the second rotating gear 14, the second rotating gear 14 drives the rotating screw rod 18 to rotate through the third sprocket wheel set 19, the rotating screw rod 18 synchronously drives the fourth sprocket wheel set 45 and the opening and closing gear to rotate, meanwhile, the fourth sprocket wheel set 45 drives the driven screw rod 44 to rotate, the driven screw rod 44 drives the lifting plate 20 and the closestool 21 to move upwards, at the moment, the opening and closing mechanism rotates to be opened synchronously, when the closestool 21 rises to a set position, the first left sliding plate 4, the second left sliding plate 5, the second front and back turning plate 7 and the first front and back turning plate 8 also move to proper positions, at the moment, the patient can relieve the bowels, the synchronization of defecation and lying is realized, and the operation is more convenient compared with the existing nursing bed;
if the nursing staff manually lifts the buttocks of the patient after the patient urinates and defecates and installs the sponge plate, the synchronous screw rod 23 is rotated in the opposite direction, and at the moment, the synchronous screw rod 23 is meshed with the second rotating gear 14 and drives the corresponding connecting part to slowly make the patient lie down.
In the second embodiment, on the basis of the first embodiment, the first link mechanism is composed of a first left rotating rod 9, a second left rotating rod 10 and a third left rotating rod 12, the lower end of the first left sliding plate 4 is hinged with the first left rotating rod 9, the other end of the first left rotating rod 9 is hinged with one end of the third left rotating rod 12, the lower end of the second left sliding plate 5 is hinged with the second left rotating rod 10, the other end of the second left rotating rod 10 is hinged with the middle part of the third left rotating rod 12, the other end of the third left rotating rod 12 is fixedly installed on the first rotating column 11, the first rotating column 11 rotates to drive the third left rotating rod 12 to slide downwards when in use, the third left rotating rod 12 respectively drives the second left rotating rod 10 and the first left rotating rod 9 to slide downwards, the second left rotating rod 10 and the first left rotating rod 9 respectively drive the second left sliding plate 5 and the first left sliding plate 4 to move upwards and downwards, the patient's leg can be placed on the first left sliding plate 4 to form a sitting posture and simultaneously relieve leg pressure, the second linkage mechanism is composed of a second sliding rod 25 and a first sliding rod 26, the first sliding rod 26 is slid left and right on the first front and back turning plate 8, the second sliding rod 25 is slid left and right on the bottom of the second front and back turning plate 7, the other end of the first sliding rod 26 is hinged on the middle part of the second sliding rod 25, the other end of the second sliding rod 25 is fixedly connected with a sliding column 28, a connecting rod is rotatably mounted at the end of the sliding column 28, the other end of the connecting rod is hinged on the middle part of the second sliding rod 25, so that a stable triangular structure is formed between the first sliding rod 26 and the second sliding rod 25, the second sliding rod 25 moves upwards when the sliding column 28 slides upwards in use, the second sliding rod 25 drives the first sliding rod 26 to move upwards, meanwhile, the second sliding rod 25 carries the other end of the first sliding rod 26 to lift against the bottoms of the second front and rear turning plate 7 and the first front and rear turning plate 8 respectively, and the back of the patient also lifts along with the lifting, so that back pain is relieved.
In the third embodiment, on the basis of the first embodiment, the lower end of the upper bed body 1 is fixedly provided with a front sliding frame 30 and a rear sliding frame 31 which are respectively located at the front side and the rear side of the lifting plate 20, the rear side of the front sliding frame 30 is closely attached to the front side of the lifting plate 20, the front side of the rear sliding frame 31 is closely attached to the rear side of the lifting plate 20, the lifting plate 20 is provided with a limiting groove, the rear side of the limiting groove is provided with a notch with the same diameter as that of the toilet bowl 21, the bottoms of the front sliding frame 30 and the rear sliding frame 31 are respectively and fixedly provided with a sliding plate, the rear sliding frame 31 is internally and rotatably provided with a rear sliding frame screw rod 32 in the front-rear direction, the rear sliding frame screw rod 32 is fixedly provided with a rotating handle at the rear end, one side of the rear sliding frame 31 is rotated to be provided with a rear sliding frame screw rod 32, the other side is fixedly provided with a guide rod parallel to the rear sliding frame screw rod 32, and a rear sliding frame screw sleeve 33 is coaxially and threadedly provided on the rear sliding frame screw rod 32, the guide rod is also sleeved with a rear sliding frame threaded sleeve 33, the two sliding frame threaded sleeves 33 can respectively slide back and forth on the guide rod and a rear sliding frame screw rod 32, the rear sliding frame threaded sleeve 33 is fixedly connected with a rear sliding frame rod 34, a rear sliding frame rod 34 is fixedly connected between the two rear sliding frame threaded sleeves 33, a rear arc-shaped frame 35 positioned on the front side of the rear sliding frame rod 34 is fixedly installed on the rear sliding frame rod 34, the rear arc-shaped frame 35 is semicircular, and the rear sliding of the rear sliding frame threaded sleeve 33 can drive the rear sliding frame rod 34 and the rear arc-shaped frame 35 to slide back and forth;
when the toilet bowl is used specifically, the toilet bowl 21 is placed on the sliding plate positioned on the front side of the rear arc-shaped frame 35, the manual rotating handle drives the rear sliding frame screw rod 32 to rotate, the rear sliding frame screw rod 32 drives the rear sliding frame screw sleeve 33 and the rear sliding frame rod 34 to slide forwards, the rear sliding frame rod 34 drives the rear arc-shaped frame 35 to slide forwards along the sliding plate, the rear arc-shaped frame 35 pushes the toilet bowl 21 to slide forwards along the sliding plate until the rear sliding frame screw rod slides to the lifting plate 20 and stops in the limiting groove, the reverse rotating handle is swung to drive the rear sliding frame screw rod 32 to rotate backwards to slide for a certain position, the rear arc-shaped frame 35 is prevented from interfering the lifting plate 20 to rise, the toilet bowl is more convenient to manually feed the toilet bowl 21 compared with the existing nursing bed, and the fatigue degree of nursing staff is reduced;
a front external thread sleeve 36 is rotatably mounted on one side of the front sliding frame 30, a front sliding frame screw rod 37 is mounted on the front external thread sleeve 36 through internal threads, a sliding rod parallel to the front sliding frame screw rod 37 is slidably mounted on the other side of the front sliding frame 30 in a front-back manner, the front sliding frame screw rod 37 can be driven to move back and forth through rotation of the external thread sleeve 36, a front sliding frame screw sleeve 38 positioned on the rear side of the front external thread sleeve 36 is coaxially and fixedly mounted on the front sliding frame screw rod 37, front sliding frame screw sleeves 38 are respectively and fixedly mounted at the rear ends of the front sliding frame screw rod 37 and the sliding rod, a front sliding frame rod 39 is fixedly mounted on the front sliding frame screw sleeve 38, a front sliding frame rod 39 positioned at the upper end of the sliding plate is fixedly connected between the two front sliding frame screw sleeves 38, and a front arc-shaped frame 40 positioned on the rear side of the front sliding frame rod 39 is fixedly mounted on the front sliding frame rod 39, the front arc frame 40 is semicircular, a front outer first screw rod 41 engaged with the front outer threaded sleeve 36 is rotatably mounted at the bottom of the left side of the front sliding frame 30, a front outer second screw rod 42 is rotatably mounted at the bottom of the rear sliding frame 31, a hand crank lever is fixedly connected to the front outer second screw rod 42, a fifth sprocket group 43 is connected between the front outer first screw rod 41 and the front outer second screw rod 42, the fifth sprocket group 43 is composed of two fifth sprockets and a fifth chain, one of the fifth sprockets is coaxially and fixedly mounted on the front outer second screw rod 42, the other fifth sprocket is coaxially and fixedly mounted on the front outer first screw rod 41, and the two fifth sprockets are connected through the fifth chain,
when the toilet 21 is taken out, if necessary, the hand crank rod drives the front external tooth second screw rod 42 to rotate, the front external tooth second screw rod 42 drives the front external tooth first screw rod 41 to engage with the front external tooth thread sleeve 36 to rotate through the fifth chain wheel set 43, the external tooth thread sleeve 36 drives the front sliding frame screw rod 37 and the sliding rod to slide backwards, the front sliding frame screw rod 37 and the sliding rod synchronously drive the front sliding frame screw sleeve 38 and the front arc-shaped frame 40 to slide backwards, the front arc-shaped frame 40 pushes the toilet 21 to slide to the rear end of the rear sliding frame 31 along the lifting plate 20, the hand crank rod in the opposite direction drives the front external tooth second screw rod 42 to rotate the front sliding frame screw rod 37 and the sliding rod to return to the original positions, and the nursing staff can take out the used toilet 21, which is more labor-saving compared with the existing nursing bed for taking out the toilet 21 manually.
Fourth embodiment, on the basis of the first embodiment, the opening and closing mechanism is composed of a toothed ring 47, an arc-shaped rotating rod 48 and fan blades 46, the toothed ring 47 located below the circular through hole is rotatably installed on the upper bed body 1, the toothed ring 47 is meshed with the rotating screw rod 18, an opening and closing gear is coaxially and fixedly installed at the upper end of the rotating screw rod 18, the opening and closing gear is meshed with the external teeth of the toothed ring 47, a plurality of opening and closing leaves 46 are rotatably installed in the toothed ring 47, one end of each of the plurality of opening and closing leaves 46 is rotatably installed on the upper bed body 1, the opening and closing diameter of each of the plurality of opening and closing leaves 46 is equal to the diameter of the circular through hole, and the toothed ring 47 is rotatably connected to the other end of each of the opening and closing leaves 46 through the arc-shaped rotating rod 48;
when the square plate 17 is used specifically, the rotation of the rotary screw rod 18 drives the opening and closing gear to rotate, the opening and closing gear is meshed with the gear ring 47 to rotate, the gear ring 47 drives the arc-shaped rotating rods 48 to rotate, the arc-shaped rotating rods 48 drive the opening and closing leaves 46 to be opened respectively, and the circular through holes in the square plate 17 can be opened or closed through the functions.
Fifth embodiment, on the basis of the first embodiment, the front and rear turning plate 6 is composed of a front turning plate 601 and a rear turning plate 602, the rear side of the front turning plate 601 and the front side of the rear turning plate 602 are respectively hinged to the upper bed body 1, the second front and rear turning plate 7 is composed of a second front turning plate 701 and a second rear turning plate 702, the rear side of the first front turning plate 701 is hinged to the front side of the second rear turning plate 702, the first front and rear turning plate 8 is composed of a first front turning plate 801 and a first rear turning plate 802, the rear side of the first front turning plate 801 is hinged to the front side of the first rear turning plate 802, a turning rod 49 which is arranged in the left-right direction and is arranged below the second front and rear turning plate 7 and the first front and rear turning plate 8 is rotatably arranged at the bottom of the upper bed body 1, two ends of the turning rod 49 are respectively fixedly provided with a supporting plate 52 which is arranged below the second front and rear turning plate 7 and the first front turning plate 8, one end of the turning rod 49 is fixedly provided with a turning gear 50, the left end of the turning rod 49 is fixedly provided with the turning gear 50, the bottom of the upper bed body 1 is rotatably provided with a turning screw rod 51 meshed with the turning gear 50, and the front end of the turning screw rod 51 is fixedly provided with a turning screw rod handle;
when the bed is used, a patient lies on the upper bed body 1, the turning screw rod handle is manually rotated to drive the turning screw rod 51 to rotate, the turning screw rod 51 is meshed with the turning gear 50 to drive the turning rod 49 to rotate, the turning rod 49 drives the front ends of the turning support plates 52 at the left end and the right end to synchronously rise, the rear ends of the turning support plates 52 synchronously fall, the front ends of the two turning support plates 52 respectively prop against the first front turning plate 701 and the first front turning plate 801 to turn up, meanwhile, the first front turning plate 701 drives the rear turning plate 601 to turn up, the second rear turning plate 702, the first rear turning plate 802 and the rear turning plate 602 are kept still, meanwhile, one side of the back of the patient is also turned up, and at the same time, a nursing person can wipe the back of the patient with a towel, so that bedsore is prevented, the pain of the patient is reduced, and the fatigue degree of the nursing person is relieved;
when the patient needs to turn over on the other side, the screw rod 51 can be rotated to rotate the turning screw rod 51 to be meshed with the turning gear 50 to drive the turning rod 49 to rotate, the turning rod 49 drives the rear ends of the turning support plates 52 at the left end and the right end to synchronously rise, the front ends of the turning support plates descend, the second rear turning plate 702 and the first rear turning plate 802 rise, meanwhile, the second rear turning plate 702 drives the rear turning plate 602 to rise, the back of the other side of the patient is lifted, meanwhile, the first front turning plate 801, the first front turning plate 701 and the rear turning plate 601 are kept still, at the moment, a nursing staff can take a towel to wipe the back of the patient, bedsores are prevented, the pain of the patient is reduced, and meanwhile, the fatigue degree of the nursing staff is relieved.
Sixth embodiment, on the basis of the fifth embodiment, the second front turning plate 701 and the second rear turning plate 702 are respectively provided with a rectangular groove 72, the left and right ends of the two rectangular grooves 72 are respectively rotatably provided with a rotating roller 53, a belt 54 is installed between the two rotating rollers 53, the outer surface of the belt 54 is uniformly and fixedly provided with a plurality of bosses 55, the second front turning plate 701 and the second rear turning plate 702 are fixedly provided with a motor 56 respectively and fixedly connected with one of the rotating rollers 53 coaxially, the motor 56 is connected with a control device through a wire, the control device is connected with an external power supply through a wire, the motor 56 selects a proper motor according to requirements, the rectangular groove 72 is detachably provided with a massage fixing plate positioned above the bosses 55, the massage fixing plate is provided with a plurality of massage balls 58 vertically and slidably mounted thereon, and a compression spring is arranged between the plurality of massage balls 58 and the massage fixing plate, the compression spring is selected to have a proper coefficient according to the requirement, the outer surface of the massage ball 58 is made of soft materials such as sponge, and the bottoms of the massage balls 58 are respectively and tightly attached to the bosses 55;
when the massage bed is used, the motor 56 rotates to drive one of the rotating rollers 53 to rotate, one of the rotating rollers 53 drives the other rotating roller to rotate through the belt 54, meanwhile, the plurality of bosses 55 rotate along with the belt 54, the bosses 55 push against the bottoms of the plurality of massage balls 58 to move, the pushed massage balls 58 slide upwards on the massage fixing plate, and the massage balls 58 massage the back of a patient, so that the pain feeling of long-term lying of the back is relieved; when the bosses 55 are disengaged from the bottoms of the massage balls 58, the massage balls 58 are restored to their original positions by the elastic force of the compression springs, thereby reciprocating in such a manner as to massage the patient.
Seventh embodiment, on the basis of the first embodiment, a left-right direction bidirectional threaded rod 59 is rotatably installed on the lower bed body 2, threads at two ends of the bidirectional threaded rod 59 are opposite, a driving worm 60 located below the bidirectional threaded rod 59 is rotatably installed between the front and the rear of the lower bed body 2, a driving worm rocker is coaxially and fixedly installed at the front end of the driving worm 60, driving screw sleeves 62 are respectively and threadedly installed on the bidirectional threaded rod 59, a worm wheel 61 meshed with the driving worm 60 is fixedly installed at one end of the bidirectional threaded rod 59, fixed shafts 71 are respectively and fixedly installed at the front and the rear sides of the bottom of the upper bed body 1, rotating shafts 64 are rotatably installed on the two driving screw sleeves 62, lifting rods 63 are rotatably installed on the rotating shafts 64, and the other ends of the lifting rods 63 are rotatably installed on the fixed shafts 71;
when the bed is used, if the height of a patient is lower, the hand-operated driving worm rocking rod drives the driving worm 60 to rotate, the driving worm 60 is meshed with the worm wheel 61 and drives the two-way threaded rod 59 to rotate, the two rotating shafts 62 move oppositely along the two-way threaded rod 59, the two rotating shafts 62 respectively drive the rotating shafts 64 to move oppositely, two ends of the two rotating shafts 64 respectively drive one ends of the fixing shafts 71 to move oppositely, the other ends of the fixing shafts 71 respectively drive the upper bed body 1 to slide downwards, the height of the upper bed body 1 is reduced through the operation, the requirements of the patients with different heights are further met, and if the upper bed body 1 needs to be lifted, the hand-operated driving worm rocking rod is rotated reversely to drive the driving worm 60 to rotate.
In the eighth embodiment, on the basis of the first embodiment, a second vertical screw 66 is rotatably installed between the upper side and the lower side of the front side of the fixed frid 3, a second vertical screw gear 67 is coaxially and fixedly installed at the upper end of the second vertical screw 66, a second vertical worm 68 meshed with the second vertical screw gear 67 is rotatably installed on the front side of the fixed frid 3, a second vertical worm handle is fixedly installed at the front end of the second vertical worm 68, and a second vertical screw sleeve 69 located below the sliding column 28 is coaxially and threadedly installed at the lower end of the second vertical screw 66;
when the patient needs to lie on the back, the second vertical worm 68 is driven to rotate by manually rotating the second vertical worm handle, the second vertical worm 68 drives the second vertical screw 66 to rotate through the second vertical screw gear 67, the second vertical screw 66 drives the second vertical screw sleeve 69 to slide upwards, at this time, the second vertical screw sleeve 69 lifts the sliding column 28 and slides upwards along the fixed slot plate 3, the sliding column 28 carries the second sliding rod 25 and the first sliding rod 26 upwards, at the same time, the other ends of the second sliding rod 25 and the first sliding rod 26 respectively lift up against the second front and rear turning plate 7 and the first front and rear turning plate 8, and then the back of the patient also lifts up, the back can be lifted through the operation, the pain of the back of the patient is relieved, and if the back of the patient needs to be put down, and manually rotating the second vertical worm handle in the opposite direction to drive the second vertical worm 68 to rotate.
Ninth embodiment, on the basis of the seventh embodiment, a plurality of telescopic rods 70 are fixedly installed at four corners of the lower bed body 2, when in use, a proper telescopic rod 70 is selected according to needs, the upper bed body 1 is fixedly installed at the top ends of the plurality of telescopic rods 70, a plurality of universal wheels 65 are fixedly installed at the bottom of the lower bed body 2, the plurality of universal wheels 65 are arranged to facilitate movement of the nursing bed, the plurality of telescopic rods 70 are synchronously lifted when the upper bed body 1 is lifted, and the plurality of telescopic rods 70 also provide supporting force and guiding effect for the upper bed body 1.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. can go up the bed body through the cooperation between initiative worm, worm wheel, two-way threaded rod, axis of rotation and the lifter and rise or reduce, satisfy the demand of different heights, the universal wheel can remove relevant position to the nursing bed simultaneously.
2. Can realize through the cooperation between first right gear, second rotating gear, first left gear and the synchronous lead screw that patient sits and urinate and defecate the synchronization, solve current nursing bed function singleness complex operation's problem.
3. The back of the patient can be turned up through the matching of the turning-over rod, the turning-over screw rod and the turning-over supporting plate, so that the bedsore phenomenon on the back is prevented.

Claims (9)

1. Supplementary turning device is used in nursing, including last bed body (1) and bed body (2) down, go up bed body (1) and slidable mounting is on bed body (2) down, its characterized in that: the bed is characterized in that a through hole groove is formed in the upper bed body (1), a second left sliding plate (5) which can slide in the through hole groove up and down is hinged to the upper bed body (1), a first left sliding plate (4) is hinged to the left end of the second left sliding plate (5), a front turning plate and a rear turning plate (6) which are located at the right end of the second left sliding plate (5) are hinged to the upper bed body (1), a square plate (17) which is located in the middle of the front turning plate and the rear turning plate (6) is detachably mounted on the upper bed body (1), a circular through hole is formed in the square plate (17), a second front turning plate and a second rear turning plate (7) are hinged to the right end of the front turning plate and the rear turning plate (6), and a first front turning plate and a rear turning plate (8) are hinged to the right end of the second front turning plate and the rear turning plate (7);
the bottom of the first left sliding plate (4) and the bottom of the second left sliding plate (5) are hinged with a first connecting rod mechanism, the bottom of the upper bed body (1) is rotatably provided with a first rotating column (11), the other end of the first connecting rod mechanism is connected to the first rotating column (11), the lower end of the front side of the upper bed body (1) is rotatably provided with a first left gear (13) positioned on the right side of the first rotating column (11), and the first rotating column (11) is connected with the first left gear (13) through a first chain wheel group (16); the bottoms of the second front and rear turning plate (7) and the first front and rear turning plate (8) are provided with a second connecting rod mechanism in a left-right sliding way, a fixed groove plate (3) is fixedly arranged at the right side of the bottom of the upper bed body (1), a first vertical screw rod (27) is rotatably arranged between the upper top end and the lower bottom end of the rear end surface of the fixed groove plate (3), the first vertical screw rod (27) is rotatably arranged on the rear end surface of the fixed groove plate (3), a screw rod thread sleeve (29) is coaxially and threadedly arranged on the first vertical screw rod (27), a sliding column (28) is arranged on the screw rod threaded sleeve (29), the second connecting rod mechanism is fixedly arranged on the sliding column (28), a first right gear (22) which is positioned at the right side of the first left gear (13) and is horizontally flush with the first left gear (13) is rotatably arranged at the bottom of the upper bed body (1), a second chain wheel set is connected between the first vertical screw rod (27) and the first right gear (22);
the lower surface of the upper bed body (1) is rotatably provided with a second rotating gear (14) which is positioned at the rear side of a first left gear (13), the bottom of the upper bed body (1) is provided with a synchronous screw rod (23) which is positioned between a first right gear (22) and the first left gear (13) and is simultaneously meshed with the first left gear and the second left gear, the synchronous screw rod (23) is meshed with the second rotating gear (14), a crank is arranged on the synchronous screw rod (23), the bottom of the upper bed body (1) is rotatably provided with a rotating screw rod (18) which is positioned at the right side below a square plate (17), the upper end of the rotating screw rod (18) is meshed with an opening and closing mechanism which is positioned above a circular through hole, the second rotating gear (14) is connected with the rotating screw rod (18) through a third chain wheel set (19), the upper bed body (1) is rotatably provided with a driven screw rod (44) which is positioned at the rear side of the rotating screw rod (18), a fourth chain wheel set (45) is connected between the rotary screw rod (18) and the driven screw rod (44), a lifting plate (20) is installed on the lower end thread of the driven screw rod (44), and a closestool (21) located below the circular through hole is placed on the lifting plate (20).
2. The turning-over assisting device for nursing care according to claim 1, wherein: the first connecting rod mechanism consists of a first left rotating rod (9), a second left rotating rod (10) and a third left rotating rod (12), the lower end of the first left sliding plate (4) is hinged with the first left rotating rod (9), the other end of the first left rotating rod (9) is hinged on the third left rotating rod (12), the lower end of the second left sliding plate (5) is hinged with the second left rotating rod (10), the other end of the second left rotating rod (10) is hinged in the middle of the third left rotating rod (12), and the other end of the third left rotating rod (12) is fixedly installed on a first rotating column (11);
the second connecting rod mechanism is composed of a second sliding rod (25) and a first sliding rod (26), the bottom of the first front and rear turning plate (8) slides leftwards and rightwards to form the first sliding rod (26), the bottom of the second front and rear turning plate (7) slides leftwards and rightwards to form the second sliding rod (25), the other end of the first sliding rod (26) is hinged to the middle of the second sliding rod (25), the other end of the second sliding rod (25) is fixedly connected with a sliding column (28), two ends of the sliding column (28) are rotatably provided with a connecting rod, the connecting rod is located between the two second sliding rods (25), and the connecting rod and the second sliding rod (25) are arranged at intervals, and the other end of the connecting rod is connected with one side, far away from the second sliding rod (25), of the first sliding rod (26).
3. The turning-over assisting device for nursing care according to claim 1, wherein: the lower end of the upper bed body (1) is respectively fixedly provided with a front sliding frame (30) and a rear sliding frame (31) which are positioned on the front side and the rear side of a lifting plate (20), the rear side of the front sliding frame (30) is tightly attached to the front side of the lifting plate (20), the front side of the rear sliding frame (31) is tightly attached to the rear side of the lifting plate (20), the lifting plate (20) is provided with a limit groove, the rear side of the limit groove is provided with a notch with the same diameter as that of a closestool (21), the bottoms of the front sliding frame (30) and the rear sliding frame (31) are respectively fixedly provided with a sliding plate, the rear sliding frame (31) is rotatably provided with a rear sliding frame screw rod (32) in the front-rear direction, the rear end of the rear sliding frame screw rod (32) is fixedly provided with a rotating handle, one side of the rear sliding frame (31) is rotated with the rear sliding frame screw rod (32), and the other side is fixedly provided with a guide rod which is parallel to the rear sliding frame screw rod (32), a rear sliding frame threaded sleeve (33) is coaxially and threadedly mounted on the rear sliding frame screw rod (32), a rear sliding frame threaded sleeve (33) is also sleeved on the guide rod, a rear sliding frame rod (34) is fixedly connected to the rear sliding frame threaded sleeve (33), a rear sliding frame rod (34) is fixedly connected between the two rear sliding frame threaded sleeves (33), a rear arc-shaped frame (35) positioned on the front side of the rear sliding frame rod (34) is fixedly mounted on the rear sliding frame rod (34), and the rear sliding frame rod (34) and the rear arc-shaped frame (35) can be driven to slide back and forth by the front and rear sliding of the rear sliding frame threaded sleeve (33);
a front external thread sleeve (36) is rotatably arranged on one side of the front sliding frame (30), a front sliding frame screw rod (37) is arranged on the front external thread sleeve (36) in a threaded manner, a sliding rod parallel to the front sliding frame screw rod (37) is slidably arranged on the front side and the rear side of the other side of the front sliding frame (30), a front sliding frame screw sleeve 38 positioned on the rear side of the front external thread sleeve (36) is coaxially and fixedly arranged on the front sliding frame screw rod (37), front sliding frame screw sleeves (38) are respectively and fixedly arranged at the rear ends of the front sliding frame screw rod (37) and the sliding rod, a front sliding frame rod (39) is fixedly arranged on the front sliding frame screw sleeve (38), a front sliding frame rod (39) positioned at the upper end of the sliding plate is fixedly connected between the two front sliding frame screw sleeves (38), and a front arc-shaped frame (40) positioned on the rear side of the front sliding frame rod (39) is fixedly arranged on the front sliding frame rod (39), the left side bottom of preceding sliding frame (30) is rotated and is installed first outer lead screw (41) before with preceding external tooth thread bush (36) meshing, external tooth second lead screw (42) before the bottom of back sliding frame (31) is rotated and is installed, fixedly connected with hand crank lever on preceding external tooth second lead screw (42), be connected fifth sprocket group 43 between preceding external tooth first lead screw (41) and preceding external tooth second lead screw (42).
4. The turning-over assisting device for nursing care according to claim 1, wherein: mechanism opens and shuts comprises ring gear (47) and arc dwang (48) and flabellum (46), go up the bed body and rotate on (1) and install ring gear (47) that are located circular through-hole below, ring gear (47) are connected with rotation lead screw (18) meshing, a plurality of hinges of opening and shutting (46) of ring gear (47) internal rotation installation, ring gear (47) and a plurality of connect through arc dwang (48) between hinge of opening and shutting (46) respectively.
5. The turning-over assisting device for nursing care according to claim 1, wherein: the bed is characterized in that the front and rear turning plate (6) is composed of a front turning plate (601) and a rear turning plate (602), the rear side face of the front turning plate (601) and the front side face of the rear turning plate (602) are respectively hinged to the upper bed body (1), the second front and rear turning plate (7) is composed of a second front turning plate (701) and a second rear turning plate (702), the rear side face of the first front turning plate (701) is hinged to the front side face of the second rear turning plate (702), the first front and rear turning plate (8) is composed of a first front turning plate (801) and a first rear turning plate (802), the rear side face of the first front turning plate (801) is hinged to the front side face of the first rear turning plate (802), the bottom of the upper bed body (1) is rotatably provided with a turning rod (49) which is arranged in the left-right direction and is arranged below the second front and rear turning plate (7) and the first front and rear turning plate (8), and two ends of the rod (49) are respectively fixedly provided with a turning rod (49) which is arranged below the second front and rear turning plate (7) and the first turning plate (8) The turnover bed comprises a plate (52), a turnover gear (50) is fixedly mounted at one end of the turnover rod (49), a turnover screw rod (51) meshed with the turnover gear (50) is rotatably mounted at the bottom of the upper bed body (1), and a rotary screw rod handle is fixedly mounted at the front end of the turnover screw rod (51).
6. The turning-over assisting device for nursing care according to claim 5, wherein: rectangular grooves (72) are respectively formed in the second front turning plate (701) and the second rear turning plate (702), two rotating rollers (53) are respectively rotatably mounted at the left end and the right end of each rectangular groove (72), a belt (54) is mounted between the two rotating rollers (53), a plurality of bosses (55) are uniformly and fixedly mounted on the outer surface of the belt (54), a motor (56) which is respectively and fixedly connected with one of the rotating rollers (53) is fixedly mounted on the second front turning plate (701) and the second rear turning plate (702), a massage fixing plate which is located above the bosses (55) is detachably mounted in each rectangular groove (72), a plurality of massage balls (58) are vertically and slidably mounted on the massage fixing plate, and the bottoms of the massage balls (58) are respectively tightly attached to the bosses (55).
7. The turning-over assisting device for nursing care according to claim 1, wherein: a left-right direction bidirectional threaded rod (59) is rotatably arranged on the lower bed body (2), a driving worm (60) positioned below the bidirectional threaded rod (59) is rotatably arranged between the front and the back of the lower bed body (2), the front end of the driving worm (60) is coaxially and fixedly provided with a driving worm rocker, the bidirectional threaded rod (59) is respectively provided with a driving screw sleeve (62) in a threaded manner, one end of the bidirectional threaded rod (59) is fixedly provided with a worm wheel (61) meshed with the driving worm (60), the front side and the rear side of the bottom of the upper bed body (1) are respectively and fixedly provided with a fixed shaft (71), the two driving screw sleeves (62) are rotatably provided with rotating shafts (64), the rotating shaft (64) is rotatably provided with a lifting rod (63), and the other end of the lifting rod (63) is rotatably arranged on a fixed shaft (71).
8. The turning-over assisting device for nursing care according to claim 1, wherein: the vertical lead screw (66) of second is installed in the rotation between from top to bottom to the leading flank of fixed frid (3), the coaxial fixed mounting in upper end of the vertical lead screw of second (66) has the vertical lead screw gear of second (67), the leading flank of fixed frid (3) rotates and installs the vertical worm (68) of second with the vertical lead screw gear of second (67) meshing, the vertical worm handle of second (68) front end fixed mounting, the vertical spiral shell (69) of second that is located sliding column (28) below is installed to the lower extreme coaxial thread of the vertical lead screw of second (66).
9. The turning-over assisting device for nursing care according to claim 7, wherein: a plurality of telescopic rods (70) are fixedly mounted at four corners of the lower bed body (2), the upper bed body (1) is fixedly mounted at the top ends of the telescopic rods (70), and a plurality of universal wheels (65) are fixedly mounted at the bottom of the lower bed body (2).
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CN112294569B (en) * 2020-11-27 2022-08-26 赵韩 Prevent intelligent nursing bed that user falls
CN112294570B (en) * 2020-11-27 2022-08-30 赵韩 Intelligent nursing bed with integrated control of bed plate opening and closing and closestool lifting
CN113893099B (en) * 2021-10-15 2022-09-23 中国医学科学院北京协和医院 Sickbed with auxiliary turning-over function
CN114557819B (en) * 2022-01-11 2023-07-25 大连大学 Portable bed side lying position dynamic maintaining and massaging device
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