CN111646227B - Container sea-iron combined transportation system based on underground passage - Google Patents

Container sea-iron combined transportation system based on underground passage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111646227B
CN111646227B CN202010478525.1A CN202010478525A CN111646227B CN 111646227 B CN111646227 B CN 111646227B CN 202010478525 A CN202010478525 A CN 202010478525A CN 111646227 B CN111646227 B CN 111646227B
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container
underground passage
central station
terminal
automatic
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CN111646227A (en
Inventor
胡筱渊
梁承姬
潘洋
张悦
张雨亭
高银萍
陆后军
苌道方
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Shanghai Maritime University
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Shanghai Maritime University
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G63/00Transferring or trans-shipping at storage areas, railway yards or harbours or in opening mining cuts; Marshalling yard installations
    • B65G63/002Transferring or trans-shipping at storage areas, railway yards or harbours or in opening mining cuts; Marshalling yard installations for articles
    • B65G63/004Transferring or trans-shipping at storage areas, railway yards or harbours or in opening mining cuts; Marshalling yard installations for articles for containers

Abstract

The invention discloses a container sea-iron combined transportation system based on an underground passage, which comprises: the system comprises a first automatic container terminal, a container railway central station, an underground passage and a second automatic container terminal; the container railway central station is respectively connected with the first automatic container terminal and the second automatic container terminal through underground passages; the first automatic container terminal is connected with the second automatic container terminal; the underground passage comprises a main building and auxiliary equipment; the main building includes: a ring intersection; the roundabout is arranged between the underground passage access of the first automatic container terminal and the underground passage access of the second automatic container terminal; the accessory device includes: the device comprises magnetic nails, a ventilation device, an indicator light, a lighting device, a fire-fighting device, an emergency communication device, a blind ditch and a drainage ditch; by applying the embodiment of the invention, the transportation efficiency and the safety in the transportation process are effectively improved, the high efficiency of the combined transportation of the sea irons is ensured, and the ground traffic jam is relieved.

Description

Container sea-iron combined transportation system based on underground passage
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of container sea-iron combined transportation, in particular to a container sea-iron combined transportation system based on an underground passage.
Background
The container sea-iron intermodal transportation is an intermodal organization form which aims at realizing the optimal benefit of the overall transportation of the goods. The container is used as a transportation unit, goods at an inlet and an outlet are transported to a coastal harbor by a railway, or the goods are transported by the railway after arriving at the coastal harbor, and the transportation mode can be completed only by 'reporting once, checking once and releasing once'. At present, the sea-iron combined transportation ratio of containers in coastal ports in China is only about 2%, and the sea-iron combined transportation ratio is about 20% higher than that of European and American countries. The container sea-iron intermodal transportation is a weak link of the multi-type intermodal transportation development in China at present, due to the general defects of container handling capacity and rear storage yards, the scale of ports and rear land areas and a collection and distribution system lag behind the economic development, the transportation market is scattered and disordered, and the resources and functions cannot be effectively integrated.
The traditional container sea-iron combined transportation mainly realizes the cargo transportation between a port and a railway by road transportation, but the development of multi-type combined transportation of sea, public and iron and the like is slow, and the infrastructure lacks the overall coordination. In both port and railway departments, the development space for the connection of the two transportation modes is not fully considered in planning. The existing railway infrastructure can not completely meet the requirements of container sea-iron combined transportation, and due to the fact that attention to railway collection and distribution is lacked for a long time, and the properties of related railway lines are complex, container transportation coordination difficulty is high, and sea-iron combined transportation development is limited significantly.
The underground logistics system has the functions of relieving urban traffic jam, reducing urban traffic accidents, improving urban ecological environment, saving urban land resources, improving urban logistics efficiency and the like, and particularly the underground container logistics system connected with ports and railways can relieve port and city contradictions and improve port and city logistics efficiency. As a large transportation system meeting the requirement of sustainable development, the underground logistics system will play an important role in future logistics, transportation and economic development.
But nowadays there is a lack of container sea-iron intermodal modes combining underground logistics and ground logistics systems, and the design of underground passage based container sea-iron intermodal systems. In addition, the design of the current container sea-iron combined transportation system has several problems, one is that many container ports and harbor areas are dispersed, the harbor is separated from the railway line, the construction fund is limited by the system, and the sea-iron synchronization cannot be realized; secondly, most harbor areas lack railway branches directly entering the harbor areas, and completely rely on highway collection and transportation, and container transportation coordination difficulty is large due to the complex properties of relevant railway lines; thirdly, the multi-mode intermodal transportation is slow in development, the infrastructure is lack of overall connection, and the last kilometer between different transportation modes is not smooth, so that the transportation efficiency is low, and the transit intermodal transportation is difficult to realize.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an underground passage-based container sea-iron combined transportation system, which aims to realize cargo transportation by using an underground container logistics transportation mode, further realize container sea-iron combined transportation and improve the transportation efficiency and the safety in the transportation process.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides an underpass-based container sea-iron combined transportation system, comprising: the system comprises a first automatic container terminal, a container railway central station, an underground passage and a second automatic container terminal;
the container railway central station is respectively connected with the first automatic container terminal and the second automatic container terminal through the underground passage;
the first automated container terminal is connected with the second automated container terminal;
the underground passage comprises a main building and auxiliary equipment;
the subject building includes: a ring intersection;
the roundabout is arranged between the underground passage access of the first automatic container terminal and the underground passage access of the second automatic container terminal;
the accessory device includes: magnetic nails, ventilation devices, indicator lights, lighting devices, fire fighting devices), emergency communication devices, blind ditches, drainage ditches;
the fire fighting device is arranged on one side of the underground passage wall, and the emergency communication device is arranged on the other side of the underground passage wall;
the magnetic nails are laid on the ground of the underground passage and used for positioning and navigation;
the ventilation device is positioned at the top of the underground passage and used for discharging harmful gas;
the lighting device is arranged at the top of the underground passage and close to the wall and is used for lighting in the passage;
the indicator light is arranged at the top of the underground passage and positioned between the ventilation device and the lighting device and is used for indicating the running direction in the passage;
the drainage ditches are arranged at two ends of the ground of the underground passage and are used for introducing water;
the blind ditches are arranged at two ends of the ground of the underground passage and used for draining underground water and reducing the underground water level.
Preferably, the first automated container terminal comprises: berths, wharf storage yards, maintenance workshops, container freight stations, wharf office buildings, wharf parking lots, wharf gates, underground passageway entrances and exits, shore cranes, container trucks and automatic stacking cranes;
the berth is used for berthing and operating the container ship;
the wharf storage yard is used for handling container handover, storage and custody;
the maintenance workshop is used for places for maintenance and repair;
the container freight station is used for loading and unloading containers;
the wharf office building is used for driving a function pivot mechanism of each facility of the first automatic container wharf;
the terminal parking lot is used for temporarily parking container trucks in the first automatic container terminal;
the wharf gate is used for distinguishing internal and external responsibility and handover related data of the first automatic container wharf;
the shore crane is used for loading and unloading the container ship;
the automatic stacking crane is used for loading, unloading, carrying and stacking containers.
Preferably, the container railway central station comprises: the system comprises a container freight train, a central station AGV operation area, a no-load AGV waiting area, an AGV operation lane, a main box yard, an auxiliary box yard, a central station underground passage end gate opening, a central station parking lot and a central station office building;
the central station AGV operation area is positioned below one side of the container portal crane;
the no-load AGV waiting area is positioned at the tail end of an AGV lane at one side of the container freight train and is used for completing the no-load waiting area after the unloading operation is finished;
the main container yard is positioned below the other side of the container portal crane, wherein container truck lanes are arranged on two sides of the main container yard;
the auxiliary box yard is positioned at one side of a central station gate and used for stacking some special functional utilities or special boxes and simultaneously bearing some box positions of the main box yard;
the central station underground passage end gate is used for distinguishing the positions of responsibility and related data handover between the container railway central station and the first automatic container terminal;
the central station gate is used for distinguishing the positions of internal and external responsibilities of the container railway central station and the relevant data transfer;
the central station parking lot is positioned on one side of the railway line and close to the central station gate opening and is used for temporarily parking the container truck;
the central station office building is positioned on the other side of the central station gate and is used for driving a functional central mechanism of each facility of the container railway central station.
Preferably, the underground roundabout is provided with a diversion island and a maintenance area.
Preferably, the underground passage is a bidirectional lane.
Preferably, the underground passage is provided with an AGV grouping area and an AGV grouping area.
Preferably, the underground passage is arranged 10 meters underground.
By applying the container sea-iron combined transportation system based on the underground passage, provided by the embodiment of the invention, cargo transportation is realized by using an underground container logistics transportation mode, so that container sea-iron combined transportation is realized, the transportation of a ground container truck is shunted to a certain extent, the container sea-iron combined transportation efficiency and the safety in the transportation process are effectively improved, the high efficiency of sea-iron combined transportation is ensured, and meanwhile, the effects of relieving ground traffic congestion and reducing environmental pollution are achieved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic plan flow diagram of a container sea-iron combined transportation system based on an underground passage according to an embodiment of the invention.
Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view of a subterranean zone passage a-a of the present invention.
Figure 3 is a cross-sectional view of the container railway central office body a-a of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a flow chart of the container railway central station train packing process of the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a flow chart of an AGV packing process for a container railway center station of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a flow chart of the container railway central station loading and unloading process of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The embodiments of the present invention are described below with reference to specific embodiments, and other advantages and effects of the present invention will be easily understood by those skilled in the art from the disclosure of the present specification. The invention is capable of other and different embodiments and of being practiced or of being carried out in various ways, and its several details are capable of modification in various respects, all without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention.
Please refer to fig. 1-6. It should be noted that the drawings provided in the present embodiment are only for illustrating the basic idea of the present invention, and the components related to the present invention are only shown in the drawings rather than drawn according to the number, shape and size of the components in actual implementation, and the type, quantity and proportion of the components in actual implementation may be changed freely, and the layout of the components may be more complicated.
The present invention provides an underpass-based container sea-iron intermodal transportation system as shown in fig. 1-2, comprising: the system comprises a first automatic container terminal 2, a container railway central station 3, an underground passage 1 and a second automatic container terminal 41; the container railway central station 3 is respectively connected with the first automatic container terminal 2 and the second automatic container terminal 41 through an underground passage 1; the first automated container terminal 2 is connected to a second automated container terminal 41.
The underground passage 1 includes: main building and ancillary equipment; the main building includes: a ring intersection 4; the roundabout 4 is arranged between the underground passage access of the first automatic container terminal 2 and the underground passage access of the second automatic container terminal 41; the accessory device includes: the device comprises a magnetic nail 16, a ventilation device 9, an indicator light 10, a lighting device 11, a fire fighting device 12, an emergency communication device 13, a blind ditch 14 and a drainage ditch 15; one side of the underground passage wall is provided with a fire-fighting device 12, and the other side is provided with an emergency communication device 13; the magnetic nails 16 are laid on the ground of the underground passage 1 and used for positioning and navigation; the ventilation device 9 is positioned at the top of the underground passage 1 and is used for discharging harmful gas; the lighting device 11 is arranged at the top of the underground passage 1 and close to the wall and is used for lighting in the passage; the indicator light 10 is arranged at the top of the underground passage 1 and positioned between the ventilation device 9 and the lighting device 11, and is used for indicating the running direction in the passage; the drainage ditch 15 is arranged at two ends of the ground of the underground passage 1 and is used for introducing water; the blind ditches 14 are disposed at both ends of the ground of the underground passageway 1 for draining the underground water to lower the underground water level.
It can be understood that the container railway central station 3 is respectively connected with the first automatic container terminal 2 and the second automatic container terminal 41 through an underground passage 1, and cargo transportation between a port and a railway is carried out by using an AGV6, wherein the underground passage 1 is 10 meters deep and is provided with a main building and auxiliary equipment.
It should be noted that an Automatic Guided Vehicle (AGV) can travel in the underground passage 1, and the underground passage can only be operated by the AGV6, the AGV6 can operate in the central station AGV operation area 31, the AGV6 can also wait in the empty AGV waiting area 32, and the AGV lane is used for the AGV6 to travel.
The existing operations of the automated container terminal are: the AGV can only operate (transport) at the dock front 20, and the container truck can only operate (transport) at the area behind the dock yard 22, i.e., near the dock gate 28; the existing operations of a container railway central station are: ground transportation is carried out by container trucks.
In the embodiment of the invention, the underground passage 1 is designed, the underground passage entrance and exit are added to the automatic container terminal, the underground passage entrance and exit, the underground passage end gate of the central station, the AGV operation lane, the central station AGV operation area, the no-load AGV waiting area and the like are added to the central station of the container railway and are related to the AGV, so that the AGV operation mode is facilitated.
The AGV can operate (transport) in an AGV operation range specified by the wharf front edge 20, the underground passage 1 and the container railway central station 3; the container truck can only carry out ground transportation, can operate (transport) at the rear part of the automatic container terminal and the container railway central station 3, but can not transport in an underground passage.
The main building consists of a hole body 7, a lining 8 and a circular intersection 4; roundabout 4 is located first automatic container terminal 2, between 41 underground passage access & exit of second automatic container terminal, roundabout 4 is equipped with the water conservancy diversion island, the maintenance area, roundabout 4 can realize first automatic container terminal 2, between 41 of second automatic container terminal, first automatic container terminal 2, the container interaction between second automatic container terminal 41 and the container railway central station 3, the delay time of AGV6 at the intersection has been reduced, the last driving of roundabout only has reposition of redundant personnel and confluence, the conflict point has not only been eliminated and the security and the trafficability of driving a vehicle have been improved.
The tunnel body 7 is used for bearing the pressure of surrounding rocks, bearing the dead weight of a structure, preventing water in the tunnel and preventing the surrounding rocks from weathering; lining 8 is a permanent structure that supports and maintains the long-term stability and durability of underground passageway 1; the roundabout 4 is positioned between the underground passage entrances and exits of the first automatic container terminal 2 and the second automatic container terminal 41 and is used for shunting and converging the AGVs 6 with the starting points or the ending points of the two terminals, so that the congestion caused by the AGVs 6 in the direction of the port is relieved; the accessory equipment is provided with a magnetic nail 16, an indicator light 10, a drainage ditch 15, a blind ditch 14, a ventilation device 9, a fire fighting device 12, an emergency communication device 13 and a lighting device 11; the magnetic nails 16 are paved on the ground of the underground passage 1 and used for positioning and navigation; the indicator light 10 is positioned at the top of the underground passage 1 and is used for indicating the running direction in the passage; the drainage ditches 15 are positioned at two ends of the ground of the underground passage 1 and are mainly used for water diversion, and water flows of various water sources in the range of the underground passage 1 are led to designated places outside the range of the underground passage 1; the blind ditches 14 are positioned at two ends of the ground of the underground passage 1 and are an underground drainage channel for draining underground water and reducing the underground water level; the ventilation device 9 is positioned at the top of the underground passage 1 and is used for discharging harmful gas generated in construction or operation; the fire fighting device 12 is positioned at one side of the wall of the underground passage 1, is a fixed facility such as an automatic fire alarm system, a fire hydrant and the like in the underground passage 1, and is used for preventing and dealing with the occurrence of fire injury accidents; the emergency communication device 13 is positioned on the other side of the wall of the underground passage 1, provides special communication for emergency rescue when a traffic accident occurs, mainly refers to an emergency alarm telephone terminal, and integrates interfaces and functions of communication, broadcasting, commanding and scheduling, power amplification (30W), switching value, handle and the like; the lighting device 11 is positioned at the top of the underground passage 1 and used for lighting in the passage. Underground passage 1 has avoided the jam of ground transportation, shortens the line length between first automatic container pier 2 to container railway central station 3, reduces slope and camber, is applicable to AGV6 transportation, reduces the human input, improves conveying efficiency, reduces the operation cost.
Preferably, the first automated container terminal 2 comprises: berth 18, dock yard 22, maintenance shop 23, container freight station 25, dock office building 24, dock parking lot 27, dock gate 28, underpass doorway 17, shore crane 19, container truck 26, automatic stacker crane 21; a berth 18 for berthing and working container ships; a wharf yard 22 for handling container handover, stockpiling and keeping; a maintenance shop 23 for a place where maintenance and repair are performed; a container freight station 25 for loading and unloading containers; a terminal office building 24 for operating a functional backbone of the facilities of the first automated container terminal 2; a terminal parking lot 27 for temporary parking of container trucks 26 in the first automated container terminal 2; a terminal gate 28 for distinguishing responsibility and handover related data inside and outside the first automated container terminal 2; a shore crane 19 for performing loading and unloading operations on the container ship; an automatic stacker crane 21 for loading, unloading, handling and stacking containers.
It should be noted that the first automated container terminal 2 is provided with a berth 18, a terminal front 20, a terminal yard 22, a maintenance workshop 23, a container freight station 25, a terminal office building 24, a terminal parking lot 27, a terminal gate 28 and an underground passage access 17; the berth 18 is used for berthing and operating container ships; the quayside 20 mainly comprises a distance part from a quayside to a first rail (sea side) of the container shore crane 19, a distance part between rails of the shore crane 22, and a distance part from a second rail (land side) of the shore crane 19 to the front of the yard; the wharf yard 22 is used for handling container handover, storage and keeping of the automatic container wharf 2; the maintenance workshop 23 is used as a container dock for maintaining and repairing the special mechanical equipment of the container and the container; container freight stations 25 are used for loading and unloading containers; the terminal office building 24 is a central agency that performs the function of managing the various facilities of the first automated container terminal 2; a terminal parking lot 27 for temporary parking of container trucks 26 in the first automated container terminal 2; the terminal gate 28 serves as a place to distinguish between internal and external responsibilities of the first automated container terminal 2 and to hand-over related data; the underground passage access 17 is positioned on the side surface of the wharf storage yard and is connected with the ground of the first automatic container wharf 2 and a node of the underground passage 1 in a slope transportation mode; the first automated container terminal 2 is equipped with a shore crane 19, an automatic stacker crane 21, an AGV6, a container truck 26; the shore crane 19 is a professional device for the container terminal to perform loading and unloading operations on the container ship; the automatic stacking crane 21 is used for loading, unloading, carrying and stacking containers in a container railway transfer yard and a large container storage yard; AGV6 is a car equipped with an electromagnetic or optical guidance device, capable of traveling along a predetermined guidance route, having car travel and stop devices, safety protection devices, and transportation containers with various transfer functions; the container truck 26 refers to a special transport vehicle to carry a removable container.
In one implementation, the container railway central station 3 comprises: a container freight train 33, a central station AGV operation area 31, an empty AGV waiting area 32, a main box yard 35, an auxiliary box yard 36, a central station underground passage end gate 30, a central station gate 40, a central station parking lot 38 and a central station office building 39; the central station AGV working area 31 is positioned below one side of the container portal crane 34; the empty AGV waiting area 32 is positioned at the end of an AGV6 lane at one side of the container freight train 33 and is used for completing an empty waiting area after unloading operation; the main container yard 35 is positioned below the other side of the container gantry crane 34, wherein container truck lanes are arranged on the two sides of the main container yard 35; the auxiliary box yard 36 is positioned at one side of the central station gate 40 and is used for stacking some special function utility boxes or special boxes and simultaneously bearing some box positions of the main box yard 35; a central station underground passage end gate 30 for distinguishing the places of responsibility and related data transfer between the container railway central station 3 and the first automatic container terminal 2; a central station gate 40 for distinguishing the places of internal and external responsibility and related data transfer of the container railway central station 3; a central station parking lot 38 is located on one side of the railway line and near a central station gate 40 for temporary parking of the container truck; the central station office building 39 is located on the other side of the central station gate 40 and is used for functioning as a central mechanism for the transportation of the various facilities of the container railway central station 3.
It can be understood that the container railway center station 3 is provided with a container freight train 33, a center station AGV working area 31, an empty AGV waiting area 32, a main box yard 35, an auxiliary box yard 36, a center station underground passage entrance and exit 29, a center station underground passage end gate 30, a center station gate 40, a center station parking lot 38 and a center station office building 39; the container freight train 33 is a freight train in the form of a container (different from a part load, a flat plate, a fixed container) load; the central station AGV operation area 31 is located outside the container freight train 33, and is an assigned area where the container gantry crane 34 completes loading and unloading operations for the AGVs 6; the empty AGV waiting area 32 is positioned at the end of the AGV6 lane and is an empty waiting area after the AGV6 finishes the box unloading operation; the main container yard 35 can meet the requirements of the arrival and departure of the container freight train 33, the taking and delivering of the train set and the loading and unloading operation of the container freight train 33; the auxiliary box yard 36 is used for stacking some special function utility or special boxes and simultaneously helping to bear some box positions of the main box yard 35; the underground passage access 29 is a node for connecting the ground of the container railway central station 3 and the underground passage 1 in a slope transportation mode; the central station underground passage end gate 30 is positioned on the ground 200 meters in front of the underground passage gate 29 and is a place for distinguishing responsibility and related data transfer between the container railway central station 3 and the first automatic container wharf 2; the central station gate 40 is used for distinguishing the internal and external responsibilities of the container railway central station 3 and the place for handing over related data, the central station gate 40 is provided with three gate lanes, and containers and the AGV6 are intelligently identified by respectively utilizing a box number identification OCR technology and a car number identification RFID technology; the central station parking lot 38 is used for temporary parking of the container trucks 26 in the container railway central station 3; the central station office building 39 is a central organization which performs the function of managing and managing each facility of the container railway central station 3; the container railway central station 3 is provided with a container portal crane 34, a front crane 37, a container truck 26 and an AGV 6; the container gantry crane 34 is a device that performs loading, unloading, and stacking operations on containers within the main yard 35; the reach stacker 37 is a device that performs loading, unloading, and stacking operations on containers within the range of the auxiliary yard 36; the container truck 26 refers to a special transport vehicle to carry a detachable container; the AGV6 is a car equipped with an electromagnetic or optical guide device, capable of traveling along a predetermined guide route, and having a car travel/stop device, a safety guard, and transportation containers having various transfer functions. Fig. 3 is a sectional view of a body a-a of the container railway central station.
It should be noted that the container railway central station 3 is provided with 4 AGV lanes, which are respectively 2 AGV operation lanes 42 and 2 AGV operation lanes 43, and the container freight trains 33 are provided with two kinds, which are respectively single-layer container freight trains and double-layer container freight trains, so as to meet the requirements of different freight volumes.
In one implementation, the underground roadway 1 is provided with a marshalling and ungrouping area for AGVs 6.
It can be understood that the underground passage 1 is a bidirectional lane, the underground passage 1AGV6 grouping area is arranged on one side close to the roundabout 4, the single AGV6 is accelerated to leave at a constant speed after being subjected to deceleration grouping, the underground grouping disassembling area is arranged on one side close to the roundabout 4, and the AGV6 drives into the roundabout 4 after being subjected to deceleration grouping disassembling.
Specifically, the following two routes are available during work:
from the automated container terminal to the container railway central office:
the AGV6 loads containers from the first automatic container wharf 2 or the second automatic container wharf 41, enters the underground passage 1 through the underground passage slope entrance 17, the AGV6 reaches the AGV6 grouping area through the roundabout 4, and is grouped with the AGV6 which drives to the container railway center station from another port, and after the grouping of the three AGVs 6 is completed, the three AGVs jointly drive to the underground passage slope exit 29 of the container railway center station. The marshalling AGVs 6 travel away from the catwalk 1 to the catwalk end gate 30, and the gates 30 clear and exit the gate sequentially in the form of a single AGV 6. The AGV6 runs in the AGV lane, then runs to the central station AGV operation area 31, arrives at the designated container gantry crane 34 and waits for, the container 5 on the AGV6 is grabbed by the spreader of the container gantry crane 34 and then placed on the central station main container yard 35 or the container freight train 33, and the AGV6 after the operation is finished runs away from the AGV lane to arrive at the AGV lane and continues to run to the empty AGV waiting area 32.
From the container railway central station to the automated container terminal:
the AGV6 receives tasks and runs to the AGV lane from the empty AGV waiting area 32, then runs to the central station AGV operation area 31, arrives and waits under the appointed container gantry crane 34, and the container 5 is placed on the AGV6 by the spreader of the container gantry crane 34, and the AGV6 after the operation is finished runs away from the AGV lane to arrive at the AGV lane. A single AGV6 travels towards the gateway 30 at the end of the underground passage, and after the gateway 30 is released, the single AGV exits the gateway 30 in a group of three AGVs 6 and travels towards the underground passage 1. The grouped AGVs 6 enter the underground passage 1 from the underground passage slope entrance 29 of the railway terminal, arrive at an AGV6 grouping area near the roundabout 4, are sequentially grouped according to different destinations of the AGVs 6, are driven to the first automatic container wharf 2 or the second automatic container wharf 41, and a single AGV6 is driven out of the underground passage 1 from the underground passage slope exit 17 of the first automatic container wharf 2 or the second automatic container wharf 41 and arrives at the first automatic container wharf 2 or the second automatic container wharf 41 for operation.
After the underground passage 1 is introduced, the specific analysis is carried out by combining the loading and unloading flow chart 4, fig. 5 and fig. 6 of the container freight train 33 of the container railway center station 3, as shown in fig. 4, taking the container 5 entering the container railway center station 3 as an example, if the container 5 arriving at the container railway center station 3 from the underground passage 1 is transported through the center station underground passage gate 30 by the heavy-duty AGV6 to arrive at the AGV operation area 31, and the container 5 is placed in the main container yard 35 or the container freight train 33 by the container gantry crane 34; if the container 5 arrives at the container railway central station 3 through the central station gate 40, the container 5 is transported to the truck operation area by the heavy-duty container truck 26, and the container 5 is placed to the main yard 35 or the container freight train 33 by the container gantry crane 34; when the container 5 is taken out from the main yard 35, the container 5 is placed by the container gantry crane 34 to the main yard 35 or the container freight train 33. If the container freight train 33 is a double-deck train, the container gantry crane 34 loads the lower deck first, and when the lower deck is full, the upper deck lock is opened, the container gantry crane 34 loads the upper deck, the upper deck lock is closed, and the container freight train 33 can leave after being fully loaded. If the container freight train 33 is a single-deck train, the container gantry crane 34 loads the container freight train 33 and the container freight train 33 can leave after being fully loaded. Referring to FIG. 5, for example, with the container 5 entering the underpass 1, if the container 5 is from the upper level of the double container freight train 33, after the upper level lock is unlocked, the container gantry crane 34 places the container 5 onto an empty AGV 6; if the container 5 is from the lower level container freight train 33, after the upper level is empty, the container gantry crane 34 places the container 5 onto the empty AGV 6; if the container 5 is from a single level container freight train 33, the container gantry crane 34 places the container 5 onto an empty AGV 6; if the container 5 is from outside the container railway central station 3, it is transported by the container truck 26 to the container truck work area via the central station gate 40, and the container 5 is placed by the container gantry crane 34 onto an empty AGV 6; if the container 5 is from the main yard 35, the container 5 is placed by the container gantry crane 34 onto an empty AGV 6. When AGV6 is fully loaded, it enters the catwalk 1 through the central station catwalk gate 30. Referring to fig. 6, the specific spreader operation process of the gantry container crane 34 is as follows: the empty load horizontal displacement of the spreader of the container gantry crane 34 is moved to an appointed position, the spreader descends without load, the container 5 is aligned and locked after reaching the position of the target container 5, the container 5 is grabbed, then the heavy load is lifted to a certain height, the container 5 is fallen to the target position such as a container freight train 33, a container truck 26, an AGV6 and a main container yard 35 through the heavy load horizontal displacement, then the alignment is released, the spreader lifts without load, and finally the empty load horizontal displacement is moved to the position above the target position of the next task.
The foregoing embodiments are merely illustrative of the principles and utilities of the present invention and are not intended to limit the invention. Any person skilled in the art can modify or change the above-mentioned embodiments without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. Accordingly, it is intended that all equivalent modifications or changes which can be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and technical spirit of the present invention be covered by the claims of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. An underpass-based container sea-iron intermodal transportation system, comprising: the system comprises a first automatic container terminal (2), a container railway central station (3), an underground passage (1) and a second automatic container terminal (41);
the container railway central station (3) is respectively connected with the first automatic container wharf (2) and the second automatic container wharf (41) through the underground passage (1);
the first automated container terminal (2) is connected with the second automated container terminal (41);
the underground passage (1) comprises a main building and auxiliary equipment;
the subject building includes: a ring intersection (4);
the roundabout (4) is arranged between the underground passage access of the first automatic container wharf (2) and the underground passage access of the second automatic container wharf (41);
the accessory device includes: the device comprises a magnetic nail (16), a ventilation device (9), an indicator lamp (10), a lighting device (11), a fire fighting device (12), an emergency communication device (13), a blind ditch (14) and a drainage ditch (15);
one side of the underground passage wall is provided with the fire-fighting device (12), and the other side is provided with the emergency communication device (13);
the magnetic nails (16) are laid on the ground of the underground passage (1) and used for positioning and navigation;
the ventilation device (9) is positioned at the top of the underground passage (1) and is used for discharging harmful gas;
the lighting device (11) is arranged at the top of the underground passage (1) and close to the wall and used for lighting in the passage;
the indicator light (10) is arranged at the top of the underground passage (1) and is positioned between the ventilation device (9) and the lighting device (11) and used for indicating the running direction in the passage;
the drainage ditch (15) is arranged at two ends of the ground of the underground passage (1) and is used for introducing water;
the blind ditches (14) are arranged at two ends of the ground of the underground passage (1) and used for draining underground water and reducing the underground water level;
the first automated container terminal (2) comprises: the system comprises a berth (18), a wharf storage yard (22), a maintenance workshop (23), a container freight station (25), a wharf office building (24), a wharf parking lot (27), a wharf gate (28), an underground passage access opening (17), a shore crane (19), a container truck (26) and an automatic stacking crane (21);
the berth (18) is used for berthing and operating a container ship;
the wharf storage yard (22) is used for handling container handover, storage and keeping;
the maintenance workshop (23) is used for places for maintenance and repair;
said container freight station (25) for loading and unloading containers;
the terminal office building (24) is used for driving a functional center mechanism of each facility of the first automatic container terminal (2);
-said terminal parking lot (27) for temporary parking of container trucks (26) in a first automated container terminal (2);
the terminal gate (28) is used for distinguishing internal and external responsibility and handover related data of the first automatic container terminal (2);
the shore crane (19) is used for loading and unloading the container ship;
the automatic stacking crane (21) is used for loading, unloading, carrying and stacking containers.
2. An underpass-based container sea iron intermodal transportation system as claimed in claim 1 wherein the container railway central station (3) includes: the system comprises a container freight train (33), a container portal crane (34), a center station AGV operation area (31), an empty AGV waiting area (32), an AGV operation lane (42), an AGV operation lane (43), a main box yard (35), an auxiliary box yard (36), a center station underground passage end gate opening (30), a center station gate opening (40), a center station parking lot (38) and a center station office building (39);
the center station AGV working area (31) is positioned below one side of the container portal crane (34);
the no-load AGV waiting area (32) is positioned at the tail end of an AGV lane at one side of the container freight train (33) and is used for completing an area for no-load waiting after unloading operation;
the main container yard (35) is positioned below the other side of the container gantry crane (34), wherein container truck lanes are arranged on two sides of the main container yard (35);
the auxiliary box yard (36) is positioned at one side of a central station gate (40) and is used for stacking some special function utility or special boxes and simultaneously bearing the box positions of some main box yards (35);
the central station underground passage end gate (30) is used for distinguishing the positions of responsibility and data exchange related between the container railway central station (3) and the first automatic container terminal (2);
the central station gate (40) is used for distinguishing the positions of internal and external responsibilities of the container railway central station (3) and the relevant data exchange;
the central station parking lot (38) is positioned on one side of the railway line and close to the central station gate opening (40) and is used for temporarily parking the container truck;
the central station office building (39) is positioned on the other side of the central station gate (40) and is used for driving a functional central mechanism of each facility of the container railway central station (3).
3. An underpass-based containerized sea iron intermodal transportation system as claimed in claim 1 wherein the underground roundabout (4) is provided with diversion islands, service areas.
4. An underpass-based containerized sea iron intermodal transportation system as claimed in claim 3 wherein the underpass (1) is a two-way roadway.
5. An underpass-based container sea-iron intermodal transportation system as claimed in claim 4, wherein the underpass (1) is provided with AGV marshalling and ungrouping areas.
6. An underpass-based container sea iron intermodal transportation system as claimed in claim 5, wherein the underpass (1) is located 10 meters underground.
CN202010478525.1A 2020-05-29 2020-05-29 Container sea-iron combined transportation system based on underground passage Active CN111646227B (en)

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ZA2021/03670A ZA202103670B (en) 2020-05-29 2021-05-28 A container sea-railway combined transport system based on underground channel

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JPH09240829A (en) * 1996-03-07 1997-09-16 Tsubakimoto Chain Co Goods assorting conveyor
JPH11246047A (en) * 1998-03-03 1999-09-14 Ohbayashi Corp Physical distribution facilities
CN201031505Y (en) * 2007-05-08 2008-03-05 倪既民 Low
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