CN111609510A - Passive room fresh air device - Google Patents

Passive room fresh air device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111609510A
CN111609510A CN202010465839.8A CN202010465839A CN111609510A CN 111609510 A CN111609510 A CN 111609510A CN 202010465839 A CN202010465839 A CN 202010465839A CN 111609510 A CN111609510 A CN 111609510A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fresh air
exhaust
filter
filter screen
fan
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010465839.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
齐智学
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Baoding Bridge And Fruit New Material Technology Co ltd
Original Assignee
Baoding Bridge And Fruit New Material Technology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Baoding Bridge And Fruit New Material Technology Co ltd filed Critical Baoding Bridge And Fruit New Material Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN202010465839.8A priority Critical patent/CN111609510A/en
Publication of CN111609510A publication Critical patent/CN111609510A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F7/00Ventilation
    • F24F7/04Ventilation with ducting systems also by double walls; with natural circulation
    • F24F7/06Ventilation with ducting systems also by double walls; with natural circulation with forced air circulation, e.g. by fan positioning of a ventilator in or against a conduit
    • F24F7/08Ventilation with ducting systems also by double walls; with natural circulation with forced air circulation, e.g. by fan positioning of a ventilator in or against a conduit with separate ducts for supplied and exhausted air with provisions for reversal of the input and output systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/89Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F12/00Use of energy recovery systems in air conditioning, ventilation or screening
    • F24F12/001Use of energy recovery systems in air conditioning, ventilation or screening with heat-exchange between supplied and exhausted air
    • F24F12/006Use of energy recovery systems in air conditioning, ventilation or screening with heat-exchange between supplied and exhausted air using an air-to-air heat exchanger
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/24Means for preventing or suppressing noise
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/28Arrangement or mounting of filters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/30Arrangement or mounting of heat-exchangers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F3/00Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems
    • F24F3/12Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling
    • F24F3/14Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F21/00Constructions of heat-exchange apparatus characterised by the selection of particular materials
    • F28F21/02Constructions of heat-exchange apparatus characterised by the selection of particular materials of carbon, e.g. graphite

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of passive rooms, and particularly discloses a fresh air device for a passive room. The heat exchanger comprises a fresh air pipeline from a fresh air inlet to a fresh air outlet, an exhaust pipeline from an exhaust air inlet to an exhaust air outlet, and a heat exchanger which enables the fresh air pipeline and the exhaust pipeline to cross and pass through and be isolated from each other, wherein a heat exchange core in the heat exchanger is made of graphene high polymer materials; the fresh air pipeline also comprises a filter, a defrosting fan, a first fan, a smell removal purifier and an atomization humidifier; the exhaust duct also comprises a sound-insulation dust-absorption filter screen, a second fan and an exhaust filter screen. According to the fresh air device provided by the invention, on the basis of the existing fresh air system, the graphene heat exchange core is selected as a main part of the heat exchanger, and the graphene membrane material is selected as the filter layer, so that the purposes of better heat exchange and air purification are achieved, the requirement of a closed space of a passive room for fresh air is met, and the effects of heat preservation, moisture preservation and energy conservation are achieved.

Description

Passive room fresh air device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of passive rooms, in particular to a fresh air device for a passive room.
Background
With the rapid development of global economy, the problem of energy shortage is increasingly prominent, and energy conservation becomes a life concept advocated by various countries. In recent years, our country has made higher and higher demands for energy conservation and environmental protection of new buildings, and therefore, the concept of passive houses has been proposed and rapidly developed in recent years.
The passive house needs to improve the heat preservation, heat insulation and air tightness of the building to the maximum extent due to the requirement of energy conservation, so the passive house is equivalent to a highly closed space, and cannot live without a fresh air system. The fresh air system in the prior art has low efficiency and serious energy consumption, and does not accord with the design concept of high efficiency and energy saving of a passive house.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention provides a passive room fresh air device which is mainly suitable for energy-saving places such as passive rooms and the like, through the optimized design of materials and structures, on the basis of the existing fresh air system, a graphene heat exchange core is selected as a main part of a heat exchanger, and a graphene membrane material is selected as a filter layer, so that the purposes of better heat exchange and air purification are achieved, the requirement of a closed space of the passive room on fresh air is met, and meanwhile, the effects of heat preservation, moisture preservation and energy saving are achieved.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the invention comprises the following technical scheme: a passive room fresh air device comprises a fresh air pipeline from a fresh air inlet to a fresh air outlet, an exhaust pipeline from an exhaust air inlet to an exhaust air outlet, and a heat exchanger which enables the fresh air pipeline and the exhaust pipeline to cross and pass through and to be isolated from each other, wherein a heat exchange core in the heat exchanger is made of graphene high polymer materials; the fresh air duct further includes:
the filter is connected with the fresh air inlet and consists of a first filter screen and a second filter screen;
the defrosting fan is arranged between the first filter screen and the second filter screen;
a first fan connected between the filter and the heat exchanger;
the deodorizing purifier is positioned at the air outlet end of the heat exchanger and consists of a graphene coating filter screen, an HEPA filter screen and a static electricity removing filter screen;
the atomizing humidifier is positioned between the odor removal purifier and the fresh air outlet and is connected with a water tank;
the exhaust duct still includes:
the second fan is arranged between the exhaust air inlet and the heat exchanger;
the sound-insulation dust-absorption filter screen is arranged at the air inlet of the second fan and consists of a graphene honeycomb layer, an activated carbon layer and a surfactant layer;
the exhaust filter screen is arranged at the air exhaust outlet.
Preferably, the first filter screen is a multi-layer nonwoven filter screen.
Preferably, the second screen comprises a pleated composite PM2.5 screen and an activated carbon screen.
Furthermore, a flow equalizer is arranged at the position of the fresh air outlet. Optionally, a flow equalizer is installed for further noise reduction.
Preferably, the first fan is an EC motor type centrifugal fan. The fan has the function of multi-stage regulation, and has high power, good energy saving performance and low noise.
Furthermore, a temperature and humidity sensor and a control quality detection sensor are further arranged at the fresh air outlet.
Furthermore, the fresh air system is connected with the central control unit.
Has the advantages that: the fresh air device provided by the invention has certain beneficial effects on structure and material selection.
Firstly, the traditional fresh air system only has the function of providing fresh air and cannot meet the requirements of a passive room on constant temperature and humidity, high efficiency and energy conservation; according to the fresh air device, the graphene material is used as the exchange core of the total heat exchange system, compared with the heat exchange core made of common materials, the total heat exchange efficiency is improved by more than 15%, the fresh air device has better water permeability, and the condition that frost is prevented from blocking an air channel in a low-temperature environment in winter is guaranteed; and the graphene film has small surface resistance, dust is not easy to stay, and the self-cleaning function is obvious.
And secondly, a graphene filtering interlayer is also selected for the material of the filtering layer. The active carbon has certain adsorption capacity, but only temporarily adsorbs certain pollutants, and when the temperature and the wind speed are raised to a certain degree, the adsorbed pollutants can be dissociated and enter the room again to cause secondary pollution. The adsorption capacity of the graphene is more than 3 times that of the activated carbon, toxic gases such as formaldehyde, toluene and the like PM2.5 and the like are efficiently adsorbed, then the toxic gases such as formaldehyde and the like are decomposed into non-toxic water and carbon dioxide, and the sterilization rate is 99%; meanwhile, due to the stable atomic structure of the graphene, pollutants can be released secondarily only in a high-temperature box at 200 ℃; therefore, the filter element or the filter layer made of the graphene material has a better technical effect.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the provided drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is an external view of the embodiment of the invention.
Wherein:
101 is a fresh air inlet, 102 is a fresh air outlet, 111 is a defrosting fan, 112 is a filter, 113 is a first fan, 114 is a deodorizing purifier, 115 is an atomizing humidifier, 201 is an exhaust air inlet, 202 is an exhaust air outlet, 211 is a sound-insulating dust-absorbing filter screen, 212 is a second fan, 213 is an exhaust filter screen, 300 is a heat exchanger, and 400 is a water tank.
Detailed Description
Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like or similar reference numerals refer to the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar function throughout. The embodiments described below with reference to the drawings are illustrative and intended to be illustrative of the invention and are not to be construed as limiting the invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.
Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless specifically defined otherwise.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly and can, for example, be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally formed; can be mechanically or electrically connected; either directly or indirectly through intervening media, either internally or in any other relationship. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, "above" or "below" a first feature means that the first and second features are in direct contact, or that the first and second features are not in direct contact but are in contact with each other via another feature therebetween. Also, the first feature being "on," "above" and "over" the second feature includes the first feature being directly on and obliquely above the second feature, or merely indicating that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature includes the first feature being directly under and obliquely below the second feature, or simply meaning that the first feature is at a lesser elevation than the second feature.
Example (b):
referring to fig. 1-2, the present invention provides a fresh air device for a passive room, which includes a fresh air duct from a fresh air inlet 101 to a fresh air outlet 102, an exhaust duct from an exhaust air inlet 201 to an exhaust air outlet 202, and a heat exchanger 300 for making the fresh air duct and the exhaust duct cross and pass through and isolate from each other, wherein an internal heat exchange core of the heat exchanger 300 is made of graphene high polymer; the fresh air duct further includes:
the filter 112 is connected with the fresh air inlet 101, and consists of a first filter screen and a second filter screen;
the defrosting fan 111 is arranged between the first filter screen and the second filter screen;
a first fan 113, the first fan 113 being connected between the filter 112 and the heat exchanger 300;
the deodorizing purifier 114 is positioned at the air outlet end of the heat exchanger 300 and consists of a graphene coating filter screen, a HEPA filter screen and a static removing filter screen;
the atomization humidifier 115 is positioned between the odor removal purifier 114 and the fresh air outlet 102, and the atomization humidifier 115 is connected with a water tank 400;
the exhaust duct still includes:
a second fan 212, wherein the second fan 212 is arranged between the exhaust air inlet 201 and the heat exchanger 300;
the sound insulation dust collection filter screen 211 is arranged at the air inlet of the second fan 212, and the sound insulation dust collection filter screen 211 consists of a graphene honeycomb layer, an activated carbon layer and a surfactant layer;
the exhaust filter 213, the exhaust outlet 202 is provided with the exhaust filter 213.
Preferably, in the above fresh air device for a passive room, the first filter screen is a multi-layer nonwoven fabric filter screen.
Preferably, in the above passive room fresh air device, the second filter screen includes a folded composite PM2.5 filter screen and an activated carbon filter screen.
Further, in the above fresh air device for the passive room, a flow equalizer is further disposed at the fresh air outlet 102.
Preferably, in the above passive room fresh air device, the first fan 113 is an EC motor type centrifugal fan.
Further, in the above-mentioned passive room fresh air device, a temperature and humidity sensor and a control quality detection sensor are further arranged at the fresh air outlet 102.
Further, in the above fresh air device for the passive room, the fresh air system is connected to the central control unit.
This embodiment installs solar module additional on the roof on implementing 1's basis, selects the module product of suitable specification according to the area on roof for provide the electric power energy for passive room.
In the description herein, the schematic representations of the terms used above are not necessarily intended to be the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples. Furthermore, various embodiments or examples described in this specification can be combined and combined by those skilled in the art.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described above, it is understood that the above embodiments are exemplary and should not be construed as limiting the present invention, and that variations, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made to the above embodiments by those of ordinary skill in the art within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. A passive room fresh air device comprises a fresh air pipeline from a fresh air inlet (101) to a fresh air outlet (102), an exhaust pipeline from an exhaust air inlet (201) to an exhaust air outlet (202), and a heat exchanger (300) which enables the fresh air pipeline and the exhaust pipeline to cross and be isolated from each other, and is characterized in that an internal heat exchange core of the heat exchanger (300) is made of graphene high-molecular polymer; the fresh air duct further includes:
the filter (112), the said filter (112) connects the new trend air inlet (101), is made up of first filter screen and second filter screen;
the defrosting fan (111), the defrosting fan (111) is arranged between the first filter screen and the second filter screen;
a first fan (113), the first fan (113) being connected between the filter (112) and the heat exchanger (300);
the deodorizing purifier (114) is positioned at the air outlet end of the heat exchanger (300) and consists of a graphene coating filter screen, a HEPA filter screen and a static removing filter screen;
the atomizing humidifier (115) is positioned between the smell removal purifier (114) and the fresh air outlet (102), and the atomizing humidifier (115) is connected with a water tank (400);
the exhaust duct still includes:
the second fan (212) is arranged between the exhaust air inlet (201) and the heat exchanger (300);
the sound insulation dust collection filter screen (211) is arranged at the air inlet of the second fan (212), and the sound insulation dust collection filter screen (211) is composed of a graphene honeycomb layer, an activated carbon layer and a surfactant layer;
the exhaust filter (213) is arranged at the exhaust air outlet (202).
2. The new wind device for the passive room as claimed in claim 1, wherein the first filter is a multi-layer nonwoven filter.
3. The passive room ventilation device of claim 1, wherein the second filter comprises a pleated composite PM2.5 filter and an activated carbon filter.
4. The fresh air device of the passive room as claimed in claim 1, wherein a flow equalizer is further disposed at the fresh air outlet (102).
5. A passive room ventilator according to claim 1 in which the first fan (113) is an EC motor type centrifugal fan.
6. The passive room fresh air device according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein a temperature and humidity sensor and a control quality detection sensor are further arranged at the fresh air outlet (102).
7. The new wind device for a passive room as claimed in claim 6, wherein the new wind system is connected to the central control unit.
CN202010465839.8A 2020-05-28 2020-05-28 Passive room fresh air device Pending CN111609510A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010465839.8A CN111609510A (en) 2020-05-28 2020-05-28 Passive room fresh air device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010465839.8A CN111609510A (en) 2020-05-28 2020-05-28 Passive room fresh air device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111609510A true CN111609510A (en) 2020-09-01

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010465839.8A Pending CN111609510A (en) 2020-05-28 2020-05-28 Passive room fresh air device

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112556056A (en) * 2020-12-14 2021-03-26 北京住总第六开发建设有限公司 Passive new trend device for room

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20110021134A1 (en) * 2009-07-23 2011-01-27 Arthur Louis Zwern Multi-function ventilation and electrical system
CN104294584A (en) * 2014-09-29 2015-01-21 黄勇 Fabric with doped-type graphene coating and preparation process of fabric
CN206281059U (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-06-27 深圳市前海大众鑫环保科技有限公司 A kind of new blower fan system of intelligent Total heat exchange
CN206281074U (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-06-27 深圳市前海大众鑫环保科技有限公司 A kind of new blower fan of intelligent Total heat exchange
DE102017011635A1 (en) * 2017-12-15 2019-06-19 Stiebel Eltron Gmbh & Co. Kg Ventilation unit and method for servicing a ventilation unit
CN209449154U (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-09-27 魏晨光 A kind of communication base station equipment protection case
CN209569841U (en) * 2019-03-05 2019-11-01 杭州弗迪沃斯电气有限公司 The dedicated fresh air energy environment all-in-one machine in passive room

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20110021134A1 (en) * 2009-07-23 2011-01-27 Arthur Louis Zwern Multi-function ventilation and electrical system
CN104294584A (en) * 2014-09-29 2015-01-21 黄勇 Fabric with doped-type graphene coating and preparation process of fabric
CN206281059U (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-06-27 深圳市前海大众鑫环保科技有限公司 A kind of new blower fan system of intelligent Total heat exchange
CN206281074U (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-06-27 深圳市前海大众鑫环保科技有限公司 A kind of new blower fan of intelligent Total heat exchange
DE102017011635A1 (en) * 2017-12-15 2019-06-19 Stiebel Eltron Gmbh & Co. Kg Ventilation unit and method for servicing a ventilation unit
CN209449154U (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-09-27 魏晨光 A kind of communication base station equipment protection case
CN209569841U (en) * 2019-03-05 2019-11-01 杭州弗迪沃斯电气有限公司 The dedicated fresh air energy environment all-in-one machine in passive room

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112556056A (en) * 2020-12-14 2021-03-26 北京住总第六开发建设有限公司 Passive new trend device for room

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Application publication date: 20200901

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