CN111606612A - Alkali-activated cementitious materials and methods of use thereof - Google Patents

Alkali-activated cementitious materials and methods of use thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111606612A
CN111606612A CN202010539400.5A CN202010539400A CN111606612A CN 111606612 A CN111606612 A CN 111606612A CN 202010539400 A CN202010539400 A CN 202010539400A CN 111606612 A CN111606612 A CN 111606612A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
alkali
activated
cementing
mass
sodium silicate
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Pending
Application number
CN202010539400.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王钧
陈斌
王欣然
伊心宇
段玉鑫
刘奇
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Northeast Forestry University
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Northeast Forestry University
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Priority to CN202010539400.5A priority Critical patent/CN111606612A/en
Publication of CN111606612A publication Critical patent/CN111606612A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/006Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing mineral polymers, e.g. geopolymers of the Davidovits type
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B40/00Processes, in general, for influencing or modifying the properties of mortars, concrete or artificial stone compositions, e.g. their setting or hardening ability
    • C04B40/0067Processes, in general, for influencing or modifying the properties of mortars, concrete or artificial stone compositions, e.g. their setting or hardening ability making use of vibrations
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B40/00Processes, in general, for influencing or modifying the properties of mortars, concrete or artificial stone compositions, e.g. their setting or hardening ability
    • C04B40/02Selection of the hardening environment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00017Aspects relating to the protection of the environment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/50Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for the mechanical strength

Abstract

The invention discloses an alkali-activated cementing material and a use method thereof, belongs to the technical field of building materials, and solves the problems of complicated construction process and over-quick setting time of preparing a liquid alkali activator. The alkali-activated cementing material is prepared by adding a solid alkali activator into granulated blast furnace slag grinding powder, wherein the solid alkali activator is sodium metaaluminate and sodium silicate, the solid alkali activator accounts for 3-11% of the slag grinding powder by mass, and the mass ratio of the sodium metaaluminate to the sodium silicate is 4: 1-1: 4. The using method comprises the steps of weighing the mass of the corresponding components according to the mixing ratio, firstly, carrying out slow dry mixing, slowly pouring a proper amount of water, then, carrying out slow stirring, and then, carrying out fast stirring. The optimal mixing proportion 28d of the cementing material is 1.5 times of the compressive strength of PO 42.5R cement, the cementing material can be directly mixed with water for use, the setting time is moderate, the cementing material can be adjusted by different proportions of sodium metaaluminate and sodium silicate, and the cementing material is low-carbon, green and environment-friendly and has good engineering application prospect.

Description

Alkali-activated cementitious materials and methods of use thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of building materials, and particularly relates to an alkali-activated cementing material and a using method thereof.
Background
The alkali-activated cement is a hydraulic cement obtained by activating slag with an alkali metal compound as an alkali component. The cement is used as a cementing material for replacing cement, has prominent resource, energy and environmental problems, has large consumption of natural resources and energy, and pollutes the environment by discharged dust and harmful gases. The granulated blast furnace slag is an industrial byproduct in steel smelting, has huge yield and low utilization rate, is mostly discharged as solid waste at present, is a polymer rich in a glass phase, has the content of the glass phase accounting for about 90 percent, and can be converted into a green cementing material in an alkali excitation mode.
Compared with portland cement, the alkali-activated cementing material has absolute advantages in the aspects of mechanical property, frost resistance, impermeability, high temperature resistance and the like. The property of the alkali activator is a main factor for controlling the mechanical property of the alkali-activated cementing material, the alkali activator mostly adopts liquid water glass, the water glass is activated by strong alkali, and the water glass activated slag can generally obtain better mechanical property.
However, the higher the modulus of the water glass is, the lower the water glass solubility in water is, so that the better mechanical properties can be obtained by adopting the proper low-modulus water glass, but although the modulus of the low-modulus water glass can be reduced by adding solid sodium hydroxide into the high-modulus water glass, the process is complicated, a large amount of heat can be released in the process, if the adding speed is too high, the problem of early hardening can be caused, and the low-modulus water glass is not easy to store at normal temperature and needs to be prepared on site. Meanwhile, although the low-modulus water glass has strong hydrolysis capability, the problem of too fast condensation time exists, so that the operation is extremely difficult. The problems of the liquid alkali excitant restrict the application and popularization of the liquid alkali excitant in engineering practice.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an alkali-activated cementing material and a using method thereof, and aims to solve the problems of complicated construction process and too fast setting time of preparing a liquid alkali activator. Solid sodium metaaluminate and sodium silicate are adopted as the alkali activator in the cementing material, so that complex procedures when the alkali activator is prepared by liquid water glass can be omitted, the stability of the product is further improved, and the setting time can be adjusted by different mixing amounts of the sodium metaaluminate and the sodium silicate, so that the setting time meets the construction requirements. The cementing material has the remarkable characteristics of convenient preparation and operation, proper and adjustable setting time, excellent mechanical property, environmental protection and the like.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the alkali-activated cementing material is prepared by adding a solid alkali activator into granulated blast furnace slag grinding powder, wherein the solid alkali activator is sodium metaaluminate and sodium silicate, the solid alkali activator accounts for 3-11% of the slag grinding powder by mass, and the mass ratio of the sodium metaaluminate to the sodium silicate is 4: 1-1: 4.
The granulated blast furnace slag fine powder has a specific surface area of 400m2/kg-450m2/kg。
The alkali-activated cementing material comprises the following chemical components in percentage by mass: 41% CaO, 33% SiO2、15%Al2O38 percent of MgO, and the balance of impurities.
In the alkali-activated cementing material, the sodium metaaluminate is of analytical grade and has a purity of more than 99%.
The alkali-activated cementing material is prepared from sodium silicate and Na2O and SiO2The ratio of the relative molecular contents was 1.03. + -. 0.03.
The use method of the alkali-activated cementing material comprises the following steps:
weighing the mass of the corresponding blast furnace slag grinding powder, sodium metaaluminate and sodium silicate according to the mixing ratio requirement;
secondly, mixing and then performing slow dry stirring for 2min to prepare an alkali-activated cementing material;
thirdly, slowly pouring water into the alkali-activated cementing material, wherein the mass of the water accounts for 30-40% of that of the slag grinding powder;
fourthly, slowly stirring the mixed powder for 2min, then quickly stirring for 2min, and uniformly stirring to obtain alkali-activated cementing material slurry;
injecting the alkali-activated cementing material slurry into a mold for vibration molding, covering a film for curing for 3d, demolding, and curing at the temperature of 18-22 ℃ and the relative humidity of not less than 50% to obtain an alkali-activated cementing material neat slurry test piece;
sixthly, after demolding, continuously coating and curing under the curing condition to the age.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
firstly, the alkali-activated cementing material has the characteristics of low carbon, green and environmental protection, and the adopted raw material is only industrial solid waste granulated blast furnace slag ground powder.
Secondly, by adopting sodium metaaluminate and sodium silicate as alkali activators, the operation is convenient and fast, the construction is convenient, the slag grinding powder, the sodium metaaluminate and the sodium silicate can be mixed firstly, and water is directly added for stirring when the slag grinding powder is used.
Thirdly, by adopting sodium metaaluminate and sodium silicate as alkali activators and adjusting the proportion of the sodium metaaluminate and the sodium silicate, the setting time is suitable and adjustable, and can be controlled within the suitable ranges of initial setting time and final setting time of 70-408min and 151-523min respectively, thereby meeting the construction requirements.
Fourthly, by adopting sodium metaaluminate and sodium silicate as alkali activators and adjusting the proportion of the sodium metaaluminate and the sodium silicate, the alkali-activated cementing material with different mechanical properties can be obtained, the mechanical properties are excellent, and the optimal mixing ratio 28d compressive strength is 1.5 times of that of PO 42.5R cement.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a photograph of the shape of a test piece after an alkali-activated cementitious material slurry test block is subjected to a compression fracture resistance test.
FIG. 2 is a photograph of the pre-experimental morphology of a slurry test block of alkali-activated cementitious material.
Detailed Description
For a better understanding of the present invention, the following examples are given to illustrate the present invention without limiting the scope of the present invention.
The using method of the embodiment of the invention comprises the following specific steps:
grinding raw material slag into fine powder, dry-mixing and mixing sodium metaaluminate and sodium silicate for 2min at a slow speed, slowly pouring water into the composite powder, wherein the mass of the water accounts for 35% of the mass of the raw materials, slowly stirring the mixed powder for 2min, then quickly stirring for 2min, uniformly stirring to obtain alkali-activated cementing material slurry, then injecting the slurry into a 40 x 160mm mould twice, forming by adopting manual vibration and mechanical vibration, covering a film, maintaining for 3d at the temperature of 18-22 ℃ and the relative humidity of not less than 50%, then demoulding to obtain an alkali-activated cementing material pure slurry test piece, and then continuously maintaining to 28d under the condition.
Comparative example method of use the specific procedure:
the raw material adopts PO 42.5R cement, the mass of water accounts for 50 percent of the mass of the raw material, and the rest is the same as the embodiment of the invention.
TABLE 1 comparison of the inventive and comparative examples and comparison of the properties
As can be seen from the above, the compressive strength obtained by using sodium metaaluminate and sodium silicate as alkali-activating agents is obviously higher than that of cement materials. The sodium metaaluminate and the sodium silicate are used as alkali excitants to excite slag powder, so that a large amount of highly uniform and compact C-S-H and C-A-S-H gels can be formed, wherein the sodium metaaluminate is doped to provide more active Al, the active Al has a certain inhibiting effect in the initial reaction stage and inhibits the progress of hydration reaction, but the active Al is added in the later hydration stage to easily form a polymer structure, so that the mechanical property of the material is improved.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and all equivalent changes and modifications made in accordance with the claims of the present invention should be covered by the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The alkali-activated cementing material is characterized by being prepared by adding a solid alkali activator into granulated blast furnace slag grinding powder, wherein the solid alkali activator is sodium metaaluminate and sodium silicate, the solid alkali activator is 3-11% of the slag grinding powder by mass, and the mass ratio of the sodium metaaluminate to the sodium silicate is 4: 1-1: 4.
2. The alkali-activated cementitious material of claim 1, wherein: the specific surface area of the granulated blast furnace slag fine powder is 400m2/kg-450m2/kg。
3. The alkali-activated cementitious material of claim 1, wherein: the blast furnace slag grinding powder comprises the following chemical components in percentage by mass: 41% CaO, 33% SiO2、15%Al2O38 percent of MgO, and the balance of impurities.
4. The alkali-activated cementitious material of claim 1, wherein: the sodium metaaluminate is of analytical grade, and the purity is more than 99%.
5. The alkali-activated cementitious material of claim 1, wherein: the ratio of the relative molecular contents of Na2O and SiO2 in the sodium silicate is 1.03 +/-0.03.
6. The method of using the alkali-activated cement of claim 1, comprising the steps of:
weighing the mass of the corresponding blast furnace slag grinding powder, sodium metaaluminate and sodium silicate according to the mixing ratio requirement;
secondly, mixing and then performing slow dry stirring for 2min to prepare an alkali-activated cementing material;
thirdly, slowly pouring water into the alkali-activated cementing material, wherein the mass of the water accounts for 30-40% of that of the slag grinding powder;
fourthly, slowly stirring the mixed powder for 2min, then quickly stirring for 2min, and uniformly stirring to obtain alkali-activated cementing material slurry;
injecting the alkali-activated cementing material slurry into a mold for vibration molding, covering a film for curing for 3d, demolding, and curing at the temperature of 18-22 ℃ and the relative humidity of not less than 50% to obtain an alkali-activated cementing material neat slurry test piece;
sixthly, after demolding, continuously coating and curing under the curing condition to the age.
CN202010539400.5A 2020-06-14 2020-06-14 Alkali-activated cementitious materials and methods of use thereof Pending CN111606612A (en)

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