CN111593853A - Waterproof coiled material paving construction method - Google Patents

Waterproof coiled material paving construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111593853A
CN111593853A CN202010467938.XA CN202010467938A CN111593853A CN 111593853 A CN111593853 A CN 111593853A CN 202010467938 A CN202010467938 A CN 202010467938A CN 111593853 A CN111593853 A CN 111593853A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
roller
paving
coiled
waterproof
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Granted
Application number
CN202010467938.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111593853B (en
Inventor
杨军
张云贵
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Zhejiang Hongcheng building materials Co.,Ltd.
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杨军
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Priority to CN202010467938.XA priority Critical patent/CN111593853B/en
Publication of CN111593853A publication Critical patent/CN111593853A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN111593853B publication Critical patent/CN111593853B/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D15/00Apparatus or tools for roof working
    • E04D15/06Apparatus or tools for roof working for handling roofing or sealing material in roll form
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B38/00Ancillary operations in connection with laminating processes
    • B32B38/10Removing layers, or parts of layers, mechanically or chemically
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H16/00Unwinding, paying-out webs
    • B65H16/02Supporting web roll
    • B65H16/06Supporting web roll both-ends type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H16/00Unwinding, paying-out webs
    • B65H16/10Arrangements for effecting positive rotation of web roll
    • B65H16/103Arrangements for effecting positive rotation of web roll in which power is applied to web-roll spindle

Abstract

The invention relates to a waterproof coiled material paving construction method, in particular to a waterproof coiled material paving construction device which comprises a walking vehicle, a pre-stored feeding mechanism, a coiled material discharging mechanism, a plastic film winding mechanism, material supporting components, a paving conveying guide mechanism and a paving compression roller mechanism, wherein the walking vehicle comprises a doorframe-shaped vehicle frame, the plastic film winding mechanism is arranged on the vehicle frame, two material supporting components are arranged in the vehicle frame and distributed on two sides of the coiled material discharging mechanism, the paving conveying guide mechanism is arranged on the vehicle frame, and the paving compression roller mechanism is arranged in the vehicle frame; the device provided by the invention can realize a series of automatic continuous paving operations of automatic material feeding, automatic tearing and rolling of the plastic film, automatic conveying and guiding and automatic pressing and paving of the waterproof coiled material, greatly reduces the labor intensity, reduces the risk of lumbar muscle strain, and greatly improves the paving construction efficiency by a multi-roll continuous automatic paving mode.

Description

Waterproof coiled material paving construction method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of waterproof construction, and particularly provides a waterproof roll paving construction method.
Background
The waterproof coiled material is mainly used for building walls, roofs, tunnels, highways, refuse landfills and the like, can be curled into a roll-shaped flexible building material product for resisting external rainwater and underground water leakage, is used as a leakage-free connection between an engineering foundation and a building, is a waterproof first barrier of the whole engineering, and plays a vital role in the whole engineering. The waterproof coiled material product can be divided into a self-adhesive waterproof coiled material and a common waterproof coiled material according to whether the waterproof coiled material product has self-adhesiveness, the self-adhesive waterproof coiled material is a novel waterproof material, and compared with the common waterproof material of the same kind, the waterproof coiled material has the advantages of simplicity and convenience in construction, good waterproof performance, attention on environmental protection and the like.
Compared with the common waterproof material, the self-adhesive waterproof coiled material has the following characteristics:
1. cold construction at normal temperature without hot melting. When in construction, the isolation paper is only needed to be stripped, and the isolation paper can be directly paved, so that the construction is very convenient, and the construction period can be effectively shortened; destruction of the waterproofing system;
3. has extremely high penetration resistance and impact resistance;
4. the excellent cohesiveness ensures the continuity and the sealing performance of the lap seam of the coiled material;
5. high and low temperature resistance, ageing resistance and long service life.
Self-adhesive waterproof coiled material mainly comprises waterproof material layer, self-adhesive material and compound anti-sticking film (unified is the plastic film in the description), mainly has two kinds of construction methods of mating formation of dry method and wet method when carrying out the construction, at traditional in-process of mating formation, after accomplishing clearance and the processing to the base face of mating formation, generally all pave through the manual work, the in-process of discharging the manual work of coiled material mating formation has following several problems mainly:
1) when the water-discharging coiled material is paved, a plastic film on the surface needs to be torn off manually, then the waterproof material layer is pressed and glued on a pavement base surface through self-adhesive glue, manual tearing is very labor-consuming, manual stooping or floor-upsetting operation is needed during paving, the labor intensity is high in a large-area construction process, waist soreness and back pain are easily caused, and even lumbar muscle strain occurs;
2) the construction efficiency of manual work mating formation is lower, needs to come and go to carry waterproofing membrane to be under construction, can drag slow time limit for a project to a certain extent.
Based on the problems, the invention provides a waterproof roll paving construction method, and particularly relates to a waterproof roll paving construction device.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the above problems, the present invention provides a method for paving a waterproof roll, which is used to solve the above problems in the background art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme to realize the purpose: a construction method for paving a waterproof coiled material specifically comprises the following steps:
s1, pre-storing the coiled material: pre-storing a plurality of rolls of waterproof coiled materials in a pre-storing bin body of a pre-storing feeding mechanism;
s2, feeding and supporting: the two material supporting assemblies are matched with each other to support the waterproof coiled material discharged from the pre-stored feeding mechanism, so that the waterproof coiled material is positioned at a height convenient for the rotary clamping assembly to clamp two ends of the waterproof coiled material;
s3, clamping the coiled material: the two rotary clamping assemblies are used for clamping two ends of the waterproof coiled material on the material supporting assembly, so that the waterproof coiled material can rotate along with the two rotary clamping assemblies;
s4, separating the plastic film, namely separating a part of the plastic film on the waterproof roll to be paved after being clamped, conveying the waterproof layer subjected to plastic film separation to the lower part of the paving compression roller mechanism through the paving conveying guide mechanism, and winding the separated part of the plastic film on the plastic film winding mechanism;
s5, paving and compacting: compacting the waterproof layer obtained in the step S4 on the paved ground through a paving compression roller mechanism;
s6, walking and paving: the walking vehicle is pulled to move along the paved ground, and automatic pavement is completed through the mutual cooperation of the coiled material discharging mechanism, the paving conveying guide mechanism and the paving compression roller mechanism;
adopt the waterproofing membrane construction method of mating formation of steps S1-S6 to carry out the construction process of mating formation construction to self-adhesion type waterproofing membrane and still concretely relate to waterproofing membrane construction device of mating formation, including the walking car, prestore feeding mechanism, coiled material drop feed mechanism, mould membrane winding mechanism, support material subassembly, the transport guiding mechanism of mating formation and the compression roller mechanism of mating formation, the walking car includes the frame of door frame form, wherein:
the pre-storing and feeding mechanism comprises a pre-storing bin body, a feeding rotor and a hand wheel shaft lever, the pre-storing bin body comprises a square bin part and a round bin part fixedly communicated with the bottom end of the square bin part, the circular bin part is fixedly communicated with the frame, the feeding rotor is horizontally and rotatably arranged in the circular bin part, and the rotating shaft of the feeding rotor is positioned at the circle center of the circular bin part, the feeding rotor comprises two poking disks, three serial connecting rods and three guide rollers which are rotatably arranged on the three serial connecting rods in a one-to-one correspondence manner, three arc-shaped bearing grooves are uniformly distributed on the toggle disc along the circumferential direction relative to the center, the two toggle discs are superposed at an axial visual angle, the three series rods are uniformly distributed and fixedly connected between the two toggle discs, the hand wheel shaft rod is positioned outside the circular bin part and is fixedly connected with the shaft end of one of the poking disks;
the coiled material discharging mechanism comprises two rotary clamping assemblies which are used for clamping two ends of a waterproof coiled material in a matching manner, the two rotary clamping assemblies are rotatably mounted on the frame through bearings, and the two rotary clamping assemblies are arranged oppositely in a mirror image manner on the same horizontal position;
mould the setting of membrane winding mechanism and be in on the frame, just it is located to mould membrane winding mechanism the horizontal side position of coiled material drop feed mechanism, be provided with two in the frame and hold in the palm the material subassembly, two it distributes in coiled material drop feed mechanism's both sides to hold in the palm the material subassembly, and two it is "eight" word distribution setting to hold in the palm the material subassembly, it sets up to mat formation transport guiding mechanism on the frame, just it is located to mat formation transport guiding mechanism the below of coiled material drop feed mechanism, the setting of the compression roller mechanism of mat formation is in the frame.
Preferably, coiled material drop feed mechanism still includes ring gear and blowing driving motor, rotatory clamping component includes to rotate through the bearing and installs swivel mount, fixed mounting on the frame lateral wall die clamping cylinder and fixed mounting on the swivel mount are in the circular cone chuck of die clamping cylinder output, the circular cone chuck is located in the frame, ring gear fixed mounting is in one of them among the rotatory clamping component on the swivel mount, just ring gear center of rotation axle, swivel mount center of rotation axle and the center pin coincidence of circular cone chuck, be equipped with on blowing driving motor's the output shaft with ring gear engaged's driving gear.
Preferably, the conveying and guiding mechanism for paving comprises a driving roller and a horizontal rotating roller which are horizontally and rotatably arranged in the frame, the driving roller and the horizontal rotating roller are horizontally and rotatably arranged in the frame, the rubber surface roller and the driving roller are arranged at the same height position, the shaft end of the driving roller is fixedly connected with the output shaft of the guiding and conveying motor, a driving gear is arranged at the shaft end of one side of the driving roller, and a driven gear meshed with the driving gear is arranged at the shaft end of one side of the rubber surface roller.
Preferably, the roll surface evenly distributed of rubber faced roller has the pinhole, the rubber faced roller is every all be provided with transport contact subassembly on the pinhole, transport contact subassembly includes round pin axle, spring and roller contact, the round pin axle with pinhole sliding fit, the spring housing is established sell epaxially, the round pin axle pass through the spring with pinhole port department is connected, the front end of round pin axle rotates and is provided with roller contact.
Preferably, the material supporting assembly comprises an inclined plane block, a material supporting cylinder, a roller frame, a guide rod assembly and a carrier roller, wherein the inclined plane block is fixedly installed in the frame, an inclined plane on the inclined plane block and a horizontal included angle are 45 degrees, the material supporting cylinder is fixedly installed on the inclined plane of the inclined plane block, the roller frame is fixedly installed at the output end of the material supporting cylinder and located on two sides of the material supporting cylinder, the guide rod assembly is distributed on the two sides of the material supporting cylinder, the guide rod assembly comprises a guide rod and a tension spring, the guide rod and the tension spring are fixedly installed on the inclined plane of the inclined plane block, the tension spring is arranged on the guide rod in a sliding mode, two ends of the tension spring are fixedly connected between the roller frame and the inclined plane block, and the carrier roller is horizontally installed on the roller frame in a rotating mode.
Preferably, the press roller mechanism of mating formation includes vertical fixed mounting and is in compress tightly cylinder, fixed mounting in the frame compress tightly the roller frame of cylinder output, set up and be in four No. two guide bar subassemblies on roller frame top and a plurality of along the horizontal direction linear arrangement rotate and install compression roller on the roller frame, four No. two guide bar subassemblies are the rectangle and arrange and distribute compress tightly around the cylinder, No. two guide bar subassemblies include fixed mounting and establish No. two guide arms and the cover on roller frame top are established No. two extension springs on No. two guide arms, No. two guide arm vertical slip sets up on the frame, No. two extension spring both ends fixed connection be in roller frame with between the frame.
Preferably, the plastic film winding mechanism comprises a winding driving motor fixedly mounted on the outer side wall of the frame and a winding roller horizontally and rotatably mounted in the frame, and the winding roller is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the winding driving motor.
Preferably, the walking vehicle further comprises a handrail arranged on the vehicle frame and four walking wheel assemblies distributed on two sides of the vehicle frame, each walking wheel assembly comprises a sliding guide block fixedly arranged on the outer side wall of the vehicle frame, a guide pillar vertically arranged on the sliding guide block in a sliding manner, a wheel seat arranged at the bottom end of the guide pillar, a walking wheel rotatably arranged on the wheel seat and a pressure spring sleeved on the guide pillar, and two ends of the pressure spring are fixedly connected between the sliding guide block and the wheel seat.
The technical scheme has the following advantages or beneficial effects:
1. the invention provides a waterproof coiled material paving construction method, and particularly relates to a waterproof coiled material paving construction device, wherein multiple rolls of waterproof coiled materials can be prestored and placed through an arranged prestored feeding mechanism, so that the multiple rolls of waterproof coiled materials are convenient to pave continuously, a series of automatic continuous paving operations of automatic material placing, automatic tearing, plastic film rolling, automatic conveying, guiding and automatic pressing and paving can be realized through the arranged coiled material placing mechanism, the plastic film rolling mechanism, the paving conveying and guiding mechanism and the paving press roller mechanism in the process of manually pulling a travelling vehicle to walk along a base surface to be paved in a straight line, the problems of bowing and pier construction in the traditional manual paving construction are solved, the labor intensity is greatly reduced, the risk of lumbar muscle strain is reduced, and meanwhile, the efficiency of paving construction is greatly improved through a multiple-roll continuous automatic paving mode.
2. The invention provides a waterproof coiled material paving construction method, and particularly relates to a waterproof coiled material paving construction device, wherein a discharged waterproof coiled material is guided and conveyed to the lower part of a compression roller through a paving conveying guide mechanism, when an anti-sticking plastic film on the waterproof coiled material is torn off, a composite self-sticking adhesive surface on the waterproof coiled material is exposed, the traditional guide roller is bound to be glued with the adhesive surface, the arranged adhesive surface roller is matched with a driving roller to be used for guiding and conveying the waterproof coiled material, a conveying contact component forms uniformly-distributed point contact with the adhesive surface of the waterproof coiled material, the adhesive surface is tightly attached to the roller surface through a roller contact under the elastic force of a spring to assist in conveying, on one hand, normal guiding and conveying are ensured, and on the other hand, the adhesive surface of the waterproof coiled material is prevented from being bonded on the roller surface through a point contact driving conveying mode.
Drawings
The invention and its features, aspects and advantages will become more apparent from reading the following detailed description of non-limiting embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings. The drawings, in which like numerals refer to like parts throughout the several views and which are not necessarily drawn to scale, emphasis instead being placed upon illustrating the principles of the invention.
FIG. 1 is a flow chart of a method for paving a waterproof roll according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the overall structure of a waterproofing membrane paving construction device provided by the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged partial schematic view at A in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of a waterproofing membrane paving construction device provided by the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged partial schematic view at B in FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a left side view of the construction device for paving the waterproof roll provided by the invention;
FIG. 7 is a right side view of the waterproofing membrane paving construction device provided by the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic perspective view of a feed rotor;
fig. 9 is a schematic perspective view of the blanket roll.
In the figure: 1. a walking vehicle; 11. a frame; 12. a handrail; 13. a traveling wheel assembly; 131. a sliding guide block; 132. a guide post; 133. a wheel seat; 134. a traveling wheel; 135. a pressure spring; 2. pre-storing a feeding mechanism; 21. pre-storing a bin body; 211. a square bin portion; 212. a circular bin portion; 22. a feed rotor; 221. a dial plate; 2211. a bearing groove; 222. a tandem link; 223. a material guide roller; 23. a hand wheel shaft lever; 3. a coiled material discharging mechanism; 31. a rotating clamping assembly; 311. a rotating frame; 312. a clamping cylinder; 313. a conical collet; 32. a ring gear; 33. a discharging driving motor; 331. a driving gear; 4. a plastic film winding mechanism; 41. a winding driving motor; 42. a wind-up roll; 5. a material supporting component; 51. a bevel block; 52. a material supporting cylinder; 53. a roller frame; 54. a first guide rod assembly; 541. a first guide rod; 542. a first tension spring; 55. a carrier roller; 6. a paving, conveying and guiding mechanism; 61. a drive roll; 611. a drive gear; 62. a rubber surface roller; 621. a driven gear; 622. a pin hole; 623. a transport contact assembly; 6231. a pin shaft; 6232. a spring; 6233. a roller contact; 63. a guide conveying motor; 7. a paving compression roller mechanism; 71. a pressing cylinder; 72. a roller arrangement frame; 73. a second guide rod assembly; 731. a second guide rod; 732. a second tension spring; 74. and (4) pressing the rolls.
Detailed Description
The following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention will be given with reference to the accompanying drawings for the purpose of providing those skilled in the art with a more complete, accurate and thorough understanding of the concept and technical solution of the present invention, and to facilitate the implementation thereof, but not to limit the present invention.
Referring to the attached drawings 1-9, a waterproof roll paving construction method specifically comprises the following steps:
s1, pre-storing the coiled material: pre-storing a plurality of rolls of waterproof coiled materials in a pre-storing bin body 21 of a pre-storing feeding mechanism 2;
s2, feeding and supporting: the two material supporting assemblies 5 are matched with each other to support the waterproof coiled material discharged from the pre-stored feeding mechanism 2, so that the waterproof coiled material is positioned at a height convenient for the rotary clamping assembly 31 to clamp two ends of the waterproof coiled material;
s3, clamping the coiled material: the two rotary clamping assemblies 31 are used for clamping the two ends of the waterproof coiled material on the material supporting assembly 5, so that the waterproof coiled material can rotate along with the two rotary clamping assemblies 31;
s4, separating plastic films, namely separating a part of the plastic films on the waterproof roll to be paved after being clamped, conveying the waterproof layer subjected to plastic film separation to the lower part of the paving press roll 74 mechanism 7 through the paving conveying guide mechanism 6, and winding the part of the plastic films obtained through separation on the plastic film winding mechanism 4;
s5, paving and compacting: the waterproof layer separated in the step S4 is pressed on the paved ground by the paving press roller 74 mechanism 7;
s6, walking and paving: the walking vehicle 1 is pulled to move along the paved ground, and automatic pavement is completed through the mutual matching of the coiled material discharging mechanism 3, the paving conveying guide mechanism 6 and the paving press roll 74 mechanism 7;
the construction process of paving the self-adhesive waterproof coiled material by adopting the waterproof coiled material paving construction method of the steps S1-S6 also specifically relates to a waterproof coiled material paving construction device, which comprises a walking vehicle 1, a pre-stored feeding mechanism 2, a coiled material discharging mechanism 3, a plastic film winding mechanism 4, material supporting components 5, a paving conveying guide mechanism 6 and a paving press roll 74 mechanism 7, wherein the walking vehicle 1 comprises a doorframe-shaped vehicle frame 11, the plastic film winding mechanism 4 is arranged on the vehicle frame 11, the plastic film winding mechanism 4 is positioned at the horizontal side position of the coiled material discharging mechanism 3, two material supporting components 5 are arranged in the vehicle frame 11, the two material supporting components 5 are distributed at the two sides of the coiled material discharging mechanism 3, the two material supporting components 5 are distributed in a shape of Chinese character 'eight', the paving conveying guide mechanism 6 is arranged on the vehicle frame 11, and the paving conveying guide mechanism 6 is positioned below the coiled material discharging mechanism 3, paving press roll 74 mechanism 7 is disposed within frame 11, wherein:
the pre-storing and feeding mechanism 2 comprises a pre-storing bin body 21, a feeding rotor 22 and a hand wheel shaft rod 23, the pre-storing bin body 21 comprises a square bin part 211 and a round bin part 212 welded at the bottom end of the square bin part 211, the round bin part 212 is fixedly welded at the top end of the frame 11, the round bin part 212 is communicated with the frame 11, the feeding rotor 22 is horizontally and rotatably arranged in the round bin part 212, the rotating shaft of the feeding rotor 22 is positioned at the center of the circular bin part 212, the feeding rotor 22 comprises two toggle plates 221, three serial connecting rods 222 and three guide rollers 223 which are rotatably mounted on the three serial connecting rods 222 in a one-to-one correspondence manner, three circular arc-shaped bearing grooves 2211 are uniformly distributed on the toggle plates 221 in the opposite center along the circumferential direction, the two toggle plates 221 are overlapped at an axial visual angle, the three serial connecting rods 222 are uniformly distributed and welded between the two toggle plates 221, and the hand wheel shaft rod 23 is positioned outside the circular bin part 212 and is welded and fixed with the shaft end of one of the toggle plates 221;
when the operation of prestoring of step S1 coiled material is carried out, according to the design degree of depth of square storehouse portion 211, prestore the waterproofing membrane of suitable quantity and place in square storehouse portion 211, increase the dead weight on the one hand and can realize the laminating of mating formation of waterproofing membrane and base surface better when the construction, on the other hand avoids carrying waterproofing membrane repeatedly many times, can realize many rolls of mating formation continuous construction.
When the feeding and supporting operation of step S2 is executed, the feeding mechanism 2 is pre-stored to feed the waterproofing membrane pre-stored in the square compartment 211 in step S1 downward, specifically, the lowermost waterproofing membrane pre-stored in the square compartment 211 falls on the supporting slots 2211 of the two dial plates 221, the feeding rotor 22 is driven to rotate by rotating the hand wheel shaft 23, so that the feeding rotor 22 turns over one of the waterproofing membranes supported on the supporting slot 2211, and the waterproofing membrane falls from the circular compartment 212 onto the two supporting members 5 as the waterproofing membrane rotates, when the waterproofing membrane falls down, the hand wheel shaft 23 is rotated reversely to make the feeding rotor 22 return to the initial state shown in fig. 4 again, so that another waterproofing membrane falls on the two supporting slots 2211 to obtain a lower belt for feeding and paving, during the rotation of the feeding rotor 22, the guiding roller 223 has a rotation guiding function, the waterproofing membrane can be guided to fall on the holding groove 2211.
The material supporting component 5 comprises an inclined plane block 51, a material supporting cylinder 52, a roller frame 53, a first guide rod component 54 and a carrier roller 55, wherein the inclined plane block 51 is fixedly welded in the frame 11, an included angle between an inclined plane on the inclined plane block 51 and the horizontal direction is 45 degrees, the material supporting cylinder 52 is fixedly installed on the inclined plane of the inclined plane block 51 through bolts, the roller frame 53 is fixedly installed at the output end of the material supporting cylinder 52, the first guide rod components 54 are distributed on two sides of the material supporting cylinder 52, the two first guide rod components 54 provide a guiding and supporting effect, the first guide rod component 54 comprises a first guide rod 541 fixedly welded on the inclined plane of the inclined plane block 51 and a first tension spring 542 sleeved on the first guide rod 541, the roller frame 53 is arranged on the first guide rod 541 in a sliding mode, two ends of the first tension spring 542 are fixedly welded between the roller frame 53 and the inclined plane block 51, and the carrier roller 55 is horizontally and rotatably installed on the roller frame 53.
When the feeding and supporting operation of step S2 is performed, the two material supporting assemblies 5 are used to support the waterproofing membrane fed out from the pre-storage feeding mechanism 2, and the material supporting cylinder 52 is started to drive the carrier roller 55 to move according to the thickness of the waterproofing membrane, so that the two carrier rollers 55 are adjusted to a proper position, that is, after the waterproofing membrane falls on the two carrier rollers 55, the two conical chucks 313 are convenient to insert into two sections of the waterproofing membrane.
The coiled material discharging mechanism 3 comprises two rotary clamping assemblies 31 which are used for clamping two ends of a waterproof coiled material in a matching manner, the two rotary clamping assemblies 31 are rotatably arranged on the frame 11 through bearings, and the two rotary clamping assemblies 31 are arranged oppositely in a mirror image manner on the same horizontal position; the coiled material discharging mechanism 3 further comprises a gear ring 32 and a discharging driving motor 33, the rotary clamping assembly 31 comprises a rotary frame 311 which is rotatably installed on the side wall of the frame 11 through a bearing, a clamping cylinder 312 which is fixedly installed on the rotary frame 311 through a screw and a conical chuck 313 which is fixedly installed at the output end of the clamping cylinder 312 through welding, the conical chuck 313 is located in the frame 11, the gear ring 32 is fixedly installed on the rotary frame 311 in one of the rotary clamping assemblies 31 through welding, the rotating center shaft of the gear ring 32, the rotating center shaft of the rotary frame 311 and the center shaft of the conical chuck 313 coincide, and a driving gear 331 which is meshed with the gear ring 32 is arranged on the output shaft of.
When the roll clamping operation of step S3 is performed, the two clamping cylinders 312 are activated to drive the conical chucks 313 to approach to both ends of the winding drum of the waterproof roll (it should be noted that the laid waterproof roll is wound on the winding drum), the two conical chucks 313 correspondingly extend into both ports of the winding drum, and finally the waterproof roll is clamped between the two conical chucks 313, and when one of the rotary clamping assemblies 31 rotates, the other rotary clamping assembly 31 and the clamped waterproof roll rotate synchronously therewith.
In step S4, the anti-sticking plastic film on the waterproof roll to be paved is separated, the torn plastic film is wound on the wind-up roll 42, the waterproof layer with the self-adhesive material is passed between the driving roll 61 and the glue roll 62 (note that the side with the self-adhesive material faces the glue roll 62), and the waterproof layer is further pulled below the paving press roll 74 mechanism 7.
The paving compression roller 74 mechanism 7 is used for paving and compressing waterproof coiled materials, the paving compression roller 74 mechanism 7 comprises a compression cylinder 71 vertically and fixedly installed in the vehicle frame 11 through bolts, a roller arrangement frame 72 fixedly installed at the output end of the compression cylinder 71, four second guide rod assemblies 73 arranged at the top end of the roller arrangement frame 72 and three compression rollers 74 linearly arranged and rotatably installed on the roller arrangement frame 72 along the horizontal direction, the four second guide rod assemblies 73 are distributed around the compression cylinder 71 in a rectangular arrangement mode, the four second guide rod assemblies 73 are used for vertical guiding, the compression rollers 74 are guaranteed to be horizontal, the second guide rod assemblies 73 comprise second guide rods 731 fixedly installed at the top end of the roller arrangement frame 72 in a welding mode and second tension springs 732 fixedly installed on the second guide rods 731 in a sleeving mode, the second guide rods 731 are vertically arranged on the vehicle frame 11 in a sliding mode, and two ends of the second tension springs 732 are fixedly connected between the roller arrangement frame 72 and the vehicle frame.
In step S5, the pressing roller 74 is driven by the pressing cylinder 71 to press the waterproofing membrane located below, so that the waterproofing membrane is laid flat and pressed on the paving base surface.
The paving conveying guide mechanism 6 comprises a driving roller 61 horizontally and rotatably arranged in the frame 11, a rubber surface roller 62 horizontally and rotatably arranged in the frame 11 and a guide conveying motor 63 fixedly arranged on the outer side wall of the frame 11 through screws, wherein the rubber surface roller 62 and the driving roller 61 are positioned at the same height position, the shaft end of the driving roller 61 is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the guide conveying motor 63, a driving gear 611 is arranged at the shaft end of one side of the driving roller 61, and a driven gear 621 meshed with the driving gear 611 is arranged at the shaft end of one side of the rubber surface roller 62; pinhole 622 is evenly distributed on the roll surface of rubber faced roller 62, rubber faced roller 62 all is provided with transport contact subassembly 623 on every pinhole 622, and transport contact subassembly 623 includes round pin axle 6231, spring 6232 and roller contact 6233, and round pin axle 6231 and pinhole 622 sliding fit, spring 6232 cover are established on round pin axle 6231, and round pin axle 6231 is connected with pinhole 622 port department through spring 6232, and the front end of round pin axle 6231 rotates and is provided with roller contact 6233. When the anti-sticking plastic film on the waterproof coiled material is torn off, the composite self-adhesive surface on the waterproof coiled material is exposed, the arranged adhesive surface roller 62 is matched with the driving roller 61 to be used for guiding and conveying the waterproof coiled material, the conveying contact assembly 623 and the adhesive surface of the waterproof coiled material form uniformly distributed point contact, the adhesive surface is tightly attached through the roller contact 6233 under the elastic force of the spring 6232 to assist in conveying, on one hand, effective conveying guiding is achieved, and on the other hand, the adhesive surface of the waterproof coiled material is prevented from being adhered to the roller surface in a point contact driving conveying mode.
The plastic film winding mechanism 4 comprises a winding driving motor 41 fixedly mounted on the outer side wall of the frame 11 through screws and a winding roller 42 horizontally and rotatably mounted in the frame 11, and the winding roller 42 is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the winding driving motor 41. The plastic film winding mechanism 4 is used for automatically winding the anti-sticking plastic film which is torn and peeled.
The walking vehicle 1 further comprises an armrest 12 arranged on the frame 11 and four walking wheel assemblies 13 distributed on two sides of the frame 11, each walking wheel assembly 13 comprises a sliding guide block 131 fixedly welded on the outer side wall of the frame 11, a guide pillar 132 vertically arranged on the sliding guide block 131 in a sliding manner, a wheel seat 133 arranged at the bottom end of the guide pillar 132, a walking wheel 134 rotatably arranged on the wheel seat 133 and a pressure spring 135 sleeved on the guide pillar 132, and two ends of the pressure spring 135 are welded between the sliding guide block 131 and the wheel seat 133. In the construction of actually mating formation, in order to guarantee the waterproof nature of the base plane of mating formation, generally all need take waterproofing membrane to scrap (bridge) and mate, in the base plane walking in-process along waiting to mate, when pasting the base plane walking of partial waterproofing membrane of mating formation, have two walking wheels 134 rolling contact in one side on waterproofing membrane at least, can appear one high one low, and the structural design of walking wheel subassembly 13 can realize automatic leveling, is favorable to compression roller 74 to put down waterproofing membrane on the base plane of mating formation.
When step S6 is executed, the handrail 12 is held to pull the traveling vehicle 1 to travel along the straight line of the base surface to be paved, and the roll discharging mechanism 3, the plastic film rolling mechanism 4, the paving and conveying guide mechanism 6 and the paving and pressing mechanism are cooperated to complete the automatic paving of the waterproof roll, specifically, after the discharging driving motor 33, the rolling driving motor 41 and the guiding and conveying motor 63 are started, the discharging driving motor 33 drives the gear ring 32 through the driving gear 331 at the output shaft end, so as to drive the rotary clamping component 31 connected with the gear ring 32 to rotate, so as to drive the clamped waterproof roll to rotate and discharge, in the discharging process, the rolling driving motor 41 drives the rolling roller 42 to tear the plastic film and automatically roll, when the waterproof roll passes between the driving roller 61 and the glue roller 62, the guiding and conveying motor 63 drives the driving roller 61 to rotate clockwise, the driving gear 611 drives the glue roller 62 to rotate counterclockwise (clockwise and counterclockwise referring to the view angle of fig. 4) by driving the driven gear 621, the roller contact 6233 drives the glue surface tightly attached to the waterproof roll to drive the waterproof roll to be conveyed downwards under the elastic force of the spring 6232, and the waterproof roll continuously discharged is pressed on the pavement base surface by the three pressing rollers 74 in the moving and traveling process, so that the automatic pavement is completed in the traveling process.
Those skilled in the art will appreciate that variations may be implemented by those skilled in the art in combination with the prior art and the above-described embodiments, and will not be described in detail herein. Such variations do not affect the essence of the present invention and are not described herein.
The above description is of the preferred embodiment of the invention. It is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the particular embodiments described above, in that devices and structures not described in detail are understood to be implemented in a manner common in the art; it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made, or equivalents may be modified, without departing from the spirit of the invention. Therefore, any simple modification, equivalent change and modification made to the above embodiments according to the technical essence of the present invention are still within the scope of the protection of the technical solution of the present invention, unless the contents of the technical solution of the present invention are departed.

Claims (8)

1. The waterproof roll paving construction method is characterized by comprising the following steps: the construction method specifically comprises the following steps:
s1, pre-storing the coiled material: pre-storing a plurality of rolls of waterproof coiled materials in a pre-storing bin body (21) of a pre-storing feeding mechanism (2);
s2, feeding and supporting: the two material supporting assemblies (5) are matched to support the waterproof coiled material discharged from the pre-stored feeding mechanism (2), so that the waterproof coiled material is positioned at a height convenient for the rotary clamping assembly (31) to clamp two ends of the waterproof coiled material;
s3, clamping the coiled material: the two ends of the waterproof coiled material on the material supporting assembly (5) are clamped through the two rotary clamping assemblies (31), so that the waterproof coiled material can rotate along with the two rotary clamping assemblies (31);
s4, plastic film separation, namely separating a part of the plastic film on the waterproof roll to be paved after being clamped, conveying the waterproof layer subjected to plastic film separation to the lower part of the paving compression roller mechanism (7) through the paving conveying guide mechanism (6), and winding the separated part of the plastic film on the plastic film winding mechanism (4);
s5, paving and compacting: the waterproof layer separated in the step S4 is pressed on the paved ground through a paving compression roller mechanism (7);
s6, walking and paving: the walking vehicle (1) is pulled to move along the paved ground, and automatic pavement is completed through the mutual matching of the coiled material discharging mechanism (3), the paving conveying guide mechanism (6) and the paving compression roller mechanism (7);
adopt waterproofing membrane construction method of mating formation of above-mentioned step S1-S6 to still concretely relate to waterproofing membrane construction device of mating formation in the work progress of construction of mating formation self-adhesion type waterproofing membrane, including walking car (1), prestore feeding mechanism (2), coiled material drop feed mechanism (3), mould membrane winding mechanism (4), hold in the palm material subassembly (5), the transport guiding mechanism (6) of mating formation and the compression roller mechanism (7) of mating formation, walking car (1) includes frame (11) of door frame form, wherein:
the pre-storing and feeding mechanism (2) comprises a pre-storing bin body (21), a feeding rotor (22) and a hand wheel shaft rod (23), the pre-storing bin body (21) comprises a square bin part (211) and a circular bin part (212) fixedly communicated with the bottom end of the square bin part (211), the circular bin part (212) is fixedly communicated with the frame (11), the feeding rotor (22) is horizontally and rotatably installed in the circular bin part (212), a rotating shaft of the feeding rotor (22) is located at the circle center of the circular bin part (212), the feeding rotor (22) comprises two shifting disks (221), three serial connecting rods (222) and three guide rollers (223) which are rotatably installed on the three serial connecting rods (222) in a one-to-one correspondence manner, three circular arc-shaped bearing grooves (2211) are uniformly distributed on the shifting disks (221) in the circumferential direction relative to the center, and the two shifting disks (221) are overlapped in the axial view angle, the three serial connecting rods (222) are uniformly distributed and fixedly connected between the two poking disks (221), and the hand wheel shaft rod (23) is positioned outside the circular bin part (212) and is fixedly connected with the shaft end of one of the poking disks (221);
the coiled material discharging mechanism (3) comprises two rotary clamping assemblies (31) which are used for clamping two ends of a waterproof coiled material in a matched mode, the two rotary clamping assemblies (31) are rotatably installed on the frame (11) through bearings, and the two rotary clamping assemblies (31) are arranged in a mirror image mode in a relative mode on the same horizontal position;
mould membrane winding mechanism (4) and set up on frame (11), just it is located to mould membrane winding mechanism (4) the horizontal side position of coiled material drop feed mechanism (3), be provided with two in frame (11) and hold in the palm material subassembly (5), two hold in the palm material subassembly (5) and distribute in the both sides of coiled material drop feed mechanism (3), and two it is "eight" word distribution setting to hold in the palm material subassembly (5), it sets up to lay mat formation and carry guiding mechanism (6) on frame (11), just it is located to lay mat formation and carry guiding mechanism (6) the below of coiled material drop feed mechanism (3), it sets up to lay mat formation compression roller mechanism (7) in frame (11).
2. The waterproof roll paving construction method according to claim 1, characterized in that: the coiled material discharging mechanism (3) also comprises a gear ring (32) and a discharging driving motor (33), the rotary clamping assembly (31) comprises a rotary frame (311) rotatably mounted on the side wall of the frame (11) through a bearing, a clamping cylinder (312) fixedly mounted on the rotary frame (311), and a conical chuck (313) fixedly mounted at the output end of the clamping cylinder (312), the conical chuck (313) is positioned in the frame (11), the gear ring (32) is fixedly arranged on the rotating frame (311) in one of the rotary clamping assemblies (31), and the rotation central shaft of the gear ring (32), the rotation central shaft of the rotating frame (311) and the central shaft of the conical chuck (313) are superposed, and an output shaft of the emptying driving motor (33) is provided with a driving gear (331) meshed with the gear ring (32).
3. The waterproof roll paving construction method according to claim 1, characterized in that: the paving conveying guide mechanism (6) comprises a horizontal rotating installation driving roller (61) and a horizontal rotating installation driving roller (62) and a horizontal rotating installation driving roller (63) are installed in a frame (11) and are fixedly installed on the outer side wall of the frame (11), the glue roller (62) and the driving roller (61) are located at the same height position, the shaft end of the driving roller (61) is fixedly connected with the output shaft of the horizontal rotating installation driving roller (63), one side shaft end of the driving roller (61) is provided with a driving gear (611), and one side shaft end of the glue roller (62) is provided with a driven gear (621) meshed with the driving gear (611).
4. The waterproof roll paving construction method according to claim 3, characterized in that: pinhole (622) are distributed to the roll surface evenly of rubber faced roller (62), rubber faced roller (62) is every all be provided with on pinhole (622) and carry contact subassembly (623), carry contact subassembly (623) including round pin axle (6231), spring (6232) and roller contact (6233), round pin axle (6231) with pinhole (622) sliding fit, spring (6232) cover is established on round pin axle (6231), round pin axle (6231) pass through spring (6232) with pinhole (622) port department is connected, the front end rotation of round pin axle (6231) is provided with roller contact (6233).
5. The waterproof roll paving construction method according to claim 1, characterized in that: the material supporting component (5) comprises an inclined plane block (51), a material supporting cylinder (52), a roller frame (53), a guide rod component (54) and a carrier roller (55), wherein the inclined plane block (51) is fixedly installed in the frame (11), an inclined plane on the inclined plane block (51) forms an included angle of 45 degrees with the horizontal direction, the material supporting cylinder (52) is fixedly installed on the inclined plane of the inclined plane block (51), the roller frame (53) is fixedly installed at the output end of the material supporting cylinder (52), the guide rod component (54) is distributed on two sides of the material supporting cylinder (52), the guide rod component (54) comprises a guide rod (541) fixedly installed on the inclined plane block (51) and a tension spring (542) sleeved on the guide rod (541), the roller frame (53) is arranged on the guide rod (541) in a sliding mode, two ends of the first tension spring (542) are fixedly connected between the roller frame (53) and the inclined surface of the inclined surface block (51), and the carrier roller (55) is horizontally and rotatably installed on the roller frame (53).
6. The waterproof roll paving construction method according to claim 1, characterized in that: the paving compression roller mechanism (7) comprises a compression cylinder (71) vertically and fixedly installed in the frame (11), a row roller frame (72) fixedly installed at the output end of the compression cylinder (71), four second guide rod assemblies (73) arranged at the top end of the row roller frame (72) and a plurality of compression rollers (74) which are linearly arranged and rotatably installed on the row roller frame (72) along the horizontal direction, wherein the four second guide rod assemblies (73) are arranged and distributed around the compression cylinder (71) in a rectangular shape, the second guide rod component (73) comprises a second guide rod (731) fixedly arranged at the top end of the roller arranging frame (72) and a second tension spring (732) sleeved on the second guide rod (731), the second guide rod (731) is vertically arranged on the frame (11) in a sliding manner, two ends of the second tension spring (732) are fixedly connected between the roller frame (72) and the frame (11).
7. The waterproof roll paving construction method according to claim 1, characterized in that: mould membrane winding mechanism (4) including fixed mounting rolling driving motor (41) and horizontal rotation on frame (11) lateral wall are installed wind-up roll (42) in frame (11), wind-up roll (42) with the output shaft fixed connection of rolling driving motor (41).
8. The waterproof roll paving construction method according to claim 1, characterized in that: the walking vehicle (1) further comprises handrails (12) arranged on the vehicle frame (11) and four walking wheel assemblies (13) distributed on two sides of the vehicle frame (11), each walking wheel assembly (13) comprises a sliding guide block (131) fixedly arranged on the outer side wall of the vehicle frame (11), a guide pillar (132) vertically arranged on the sliding guide block (131) in a sliding mode, a wheel seat (133) arranged at the bottom end of the guide pillar (132), walking wheels (134) rotatably arranged on the wheel seat (133) and a pressure spring (135) sleeved on the guide pillar (132), and two ends of the pressure spring (135) are fixedly connected between the sliding guide block (131) and the wheel seat (133).
CN202010467938.XA 2020-05-28 2020-05-28 Waterproof coiled material paving construction method Active CN111593853B (en)

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CN205857559U (en) * 2016-07-02 2017-01-04 北京远大洪雨防水工程有限公司 Spiral bullet print cartridge for coiled material construction
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CN107859252A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-03-30 中山晶诚机电设备有限公司 A kind of laying method of coiled material tiling forming machine and waterproof roll
CN108756091A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-06 芜湖市星龙防水保温材料有限公司 A kind of anti-alice coiled material laying apparatus
CN108868031A (en) * 2018-06-16 2018-11-23 周梅 A kind of automatic laying device of waterproof roll

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4239581A (en) * 1979-04-23 1980-12-16 Lang John N Apparatus for sealing lap joints of fusible roofing sheets
US4806194A (en) * 1988-03-07 1989-02-21 Wald Richard D Roofing paper applicator
EP0460245A1 (en) * 1990-05-19 1991-12-11 Walter Würsch Unroll device
US5439540A (en) * 1992-09-18 1995-08-08 Technocorp Inc. Method and apparatus for applying sheet material to a base surface
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CN108756091A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-06 芜湖市星龙防水保温材料有限公司 A kind of anti-alice coiled material laying apparatus

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