CN111567498A - Planting method for increasing yield of tea tree fruits - Google Patents

Planting method for increasing yield of tea tree fruits Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111567498A
CN111567498A CN202010389888.8A CN202010389888A CN111567498A CN 111567498 A CN111567498 A CN 111567498A CN 202010389888 A CN202010389888 A CN 202010389888A CN 111567498 A CN111567498 A CN 111567498A
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China
Prior art keywords
tea
soil
planting
tea tree
trees
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CN202010389888.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
袁名安
郑寨生
李朵姣
江丽
胡新荣
孔向军
祝泽刚
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Zhejiang Jiangkang Agricultural Technology Co ltd
Jinhua Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Zhejiang Jiangkang Agricultural Technology Co ltd
Jinhua Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Priority to CN202010389888.8A priority Critical patent/CN111567498A/en
Publication of CN111567498A publication Critical patent/CN111567498A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • A01G13/10Devices for affording protection against animals, birds or other pests
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/22Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing plant material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • A01G25/167Control by humidity of the soil itself or of devices simulating soil or of the atmosphere; Soil humidity sensors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0025Mechanical sprayers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners

Abstract

The invention discloses a planting method for improving the yield of tea tree fruits, belongs to the technical field of tea tree cultivation, and comprises the following steps: (1) selecting varieties; (2) seedling raising; (3) managing soil; (4) ditching; (5) planting tea seedlings; (6) monitoring soil humidity and automatically spraying; (7) monitoring soil nutrients and automatically fertilizing; (8) preventing and treating diseases and pests at regular intervals; (9) pruning tea trees; (10) treating the flowering phase of the tea trees; (11) pollinating tea trees; (12) harvesting fruits; according to the invention, when soil is renovated for the second time, the decomposed pine needle soil is added into the soil, contains a large amount of humus, is sufficient in nutrients and lasting in fertility, is matched with a base fertilizer, can provide sufficient nutrients for the growth of tea tree fruits, and is slightly acidic and can adjust the acidity and alkalinity in the soil, so that the soil is more suitable for the growth of the tea tree fruits, and the yield of the tea tree fruits is improved.

Description

Planting method for increasing yield of tea tree fruits
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of tea tree cultivation, and particularly relates to a planting method for improving the yield of tea tree fruits.
Background
The tea-seed oil has fatty acid composition similar to that of olive oil, which is the best vegetable oil recognized in the world, and has the name of oriental olive oil.
The prior art has the following problems: the existing tea tree cultivation technology is relatively backward, most cultivation personnel need to judge when water and nutrients need to be supplemented and spray the pesticide according to the growth condition of the tea trees, errors exist in artificial judgment, sufficient water and nutrients cannot be timely provided for the tea trees at any time, and pest control cannot be carried out, so that the tea trees cannot grow in a relatively stable environment, and the yield of tea seeds is reduced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
To solve the problems set forth in the background art described above. The invention provides a planting method for improving the yield of tea tree fruits, which has the characteristic of improving the yield of the tea tree fruits.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a planting method for improving the yield of tea tree fruits comprises the following steps:
(1) variety selection: selecting a tea tree variety with high tea seed yield;
(2) seedling culture: raising seedlings in a plastic greenhouse by adopting a cutting method, regulating and controlling the humidity, the temperature and the light transmittance of cutting seedlings by utilizing the greenhouse after cutting, removing the greenhouse after the cutting seedlings grow roots, and gradually hardening the seedlings;
(3) soil management: renovating soil of a planting field for the first time, renovating the depth of the soil to about 15 centimeters, cleaning weeds and stones, insolating for one week to eliminate harmful ova and bacteria in shallow soil, adding a base fertilizer, renovating the planting field for the second time, renovating the soil to about 40 centimeters, cleaning weeds and stones, insolating for one week to eliminate harmful ova and bacteria in deep soil again, and adding a base fertilizer and decomposed pine needle soil which are uniformly stirred;
(4) ditching: digging planting ditches with the depth of 0.4-0.5 m and the width of 0.6 m according to the row spacing of 3-4 m;
(5) tea seedling field planting: covering a layer of hay leaves at the bottom of the planting ditch, selecting multi-branch tea tree seedlings without disease branches, transplanting with soil, filling soil and compacting, watering the tea trees thoroughly and pruning;
(6) monitoring soil humidity and automatically spraying: the soil moisture sensors are inserted into soil of each row of tea trees, the soil moisture sensors can measure moisture information of the soil in a root area of each row of tea trees, and meanwhile, the soil moisture sensors are connected with an automatic spraying device through wireless communication, so that the automatic spraying device can be controlled to automatically spray the tea trees;
(7) soil nutrient monitoring and automatic fertilization: the soil nutrient sensors can measure nutrient information of soil in a root area of each row of tea trees, and meanwhile, the soil nutrient sensors are connected with the automatic fertilizing device through wireless communication, so that the automatic fertilizing device can be controlled to automatically fertilize the tea trees;
(8) and (3) periodic pest control: arranging an automatic pesticide spraying device at the side of each row of tea trees, and spraying a pollution-free pesticide once every 10-15 days;
(9) pruning tea trees: trimming the edge of the tea row every season, controlling the distance between tea trees to be 26-30cm, and controlling the height of the tea trees to be 0.6-1m according to the variety of the tea trees;
(10) treating the flowering phase of tea trees: spraying a flower thinning agent 1-2 days before the full-bloom period of the tea trees, and spraying the flower thinning agent within one week after the tea trees enter the full-bloom period to perform flower thinning treatment on the tea trees so as to improve the yield of tea fruits;
(11) pollination of the tea trees: introducing bees into the planting land, and pollinating by utilizing the bees;
(12) harvesting fruits: and (4) harvesting the fruits of the tea trees.
Preferably, in the step (2), the specific method for raising seedlings is as follows:
1) cutting semi-lignified branches from a high-yield mother tree of tea seeds to serve as cutting slips, reserving a bud and a leaf, trimming the bud and the leaf to 9-10 cm in length, obliquely cutting an upper port and an lower port to obtain tea tree cutting slips;
2) 2-3 days before cuttage, disinfecting the upper port and the lower port of the tea tree cuttage strip by using a 2% -3% ferrous sulfate solution, immersing the tea tree cuttage strip in salicylic acid serving as a rooting promoter for 5-10 minutes after disinfection, and taking out leachate to obtain a treated tea tree cuttage strip;
3) and (3) cutting the processed tea tree cutting strips into a seedling raising substrate of a plastic greenhouse, wherein the cutting depth is 2.9-3.1 cm.
Preferably, in the step (3), the base fertilizer is composed of the following raw materials in parts by weight: 35-50 parts of chicken and duck manure, 40-50 parts of plant ash and 10-15 parts of microbial agent.
Preferably, in step (6), automatic spray device includes mount, storage water tank, water pump and shower, the mount sets up the side at every row of tea tree, the winding has the shower on the mount, the play water end at the water pump is connected to the one end of shower, the end connection of intaking of water pump is in the storage water tank, opening of water pump is stopped through controller control, and the controller passes through wireless communication and is connected with soil moisture sensor.
Preferably, in step (7), automatic fertilizer injection unit includes mount, can fertilizer, water pump and the pipe that fertilizies, the mount sets up the side at every row of tea tree for automatic spray set's mount, the winding has the pipe that fertilizies on the mount, the play water end at the water pump is connected to the one end of the pipe that fertilizies, the end connection of intaking of water pump is in the can fertilizer, opening of water pump is stopped and is passed through controller control, and the controller passes through wireless communication and is connected with soil nutrient sensor.
Preferably, in step (8), automatic medicine device that spouts includes mount, liquid medicine box, water pump, spray pipe and time-recorder, the mount sets up the side at every row of tea tree for automatic spray device's mount, the winding has the spray pipe on the mount, the play water end at the water pump is connected to the one end of spray pipe, the end connection of intaking of water pump is in the liquid medicine box, opening of water pump is stopped through controller control, and the controller passes through wireless communication and is connected with the time-recorder.
Preferably, in the step (10), the flower thinning agent is a calcium formate flower thinning agent, the calcium formate concentration of the calcium formate flower thinning agent is 10-25 mg/L, and the chitin content is 0.5-2.5 wt% of the total amount of the flower thinning agent liquid medicine.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the invention, when soil is renovated for the second time, the decomposed pine needle soil is added into the soil, contains a large amount of humus, is sufficient in nutrients and lasting in fertility, is matched with a base fertilizer, can provide sufficient nutrients for the growth of tea tree fruits, and is slightly acidic and can adjust the acidity and alkalinity in the soil, so that the soil is more suitable for the growth of the tea tree fruits, and the yield of the tea tree fruits is improved.
2. The soil moisture sensor can monitor the moisture in the tea tree soil in real time, and control the automatic spraying device to spray the tea tree soil when the soil moisture is too low, so as to replenish the moisture in the tea tree soil.
3. The soil nutrient sensor can monitor the nutrients in the tea tree soil in real time, and control the automatic fertilizing device to fertilize the tea tree soil when the soil nutrients are insufficient, so that the nutrients in the tea tree soil are supplemented, compared with the existing mode of artificially fertilizing and supplementing the nutrients to the tea tree soil, the nutrient supplementing time is more accurate, the tea tree can grow in an environment with sufficient nutrients, and the tea fruit yield is favorably improved.
4. The timer can automatically time, and the automatic pesticide spraying device is controlled to spray the nuisanceless pesticide to the tea trees once every 10 to 15 days, so that the occurrence probability of diseases and insect pests of the tea trees is effectively eliminated, the tea trees can grow in a relatively stable environment, and the yield of tea fruits is improved.
5. According to the method, the flower thinning agent is sprayed 1-2 days before the full-bloom stage of the tea tree and within one week after the tea tree enters the full-bloom stage, and the flower thinning agent can be used for thinning the tea tree, so that the yield of tea fruits can be increased.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the present invention;
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1, the present invention provides the following technical solutions: a planting method for improving the yield of tea tree fruits comprises the following steps:
(1) variety selection: selecting a tea tree variety with high tea seed yield;
(2) seedling culture: raising seedlings in a plastic greenhouse by adopting a cutting method, regulating and controlling the humidity, the temperature and the light transmittance of cutting seedlings by utilizing the greenhouse after cutting, removing the greenhouse after the cutting seedlings grow roots, and gradually hardening the seedlings;
(3) soil management: renovating soil of a planting field for the first time, renovating the depth of the soil to about 15 centimeters, cleaning weeds and stones, insolating for one week to eliminate harmful ova and bacteria in shallow soil, adding a base fertilizer, renovating the planting field for the second time, renovating the soil to about 40 centimeters, cleaning weeds and stones, insolating for one week to eliminate harmful ova and bacteria in deep soil again, and adding a base fertilizer and decomposed pine needle soil which are uniformly stirred;
(4) ditching: digging planting ditches with the depth of 0.4-0.5 m and the width of 0.6 m according to the row spacing of 3-4 m;
(5) tea seedling field planting: covering a layer of hay leaves at the bottom of the planting ditch, selecting multi-branch tea tree seedlings without disease branches, transplanting with soil, filling soil and compacting, watering the tea trees thoroughly and pruning;
(6) monitoring soil humidity and automatically spraying: the soil moisture sensors are inserted into soil of each row of tea trees, the soil moisture sensors can measure moisture information of the soil in a root area of each row of tea trees, and meanwhile, the soil moisture sensors are connected with an automatic spraying device through wireless communication, so that the automatic spraying device can be controlled to automatically spray the tea trees;
(7) soil nutrient monitoring and automatic fertilization: the soil nutrient sensors can measure nutrient information of soil in a root area of each row of tea trees, and meanwhile, the soil nutrient sensors are connected with the automatic fertilizing device through wireless communication, so that the automatic fertilizing device can be controlled to automatically fertilize the tea trees;
(8) and (3) periodic pest control: arranging an automatic pesticide spraying device at the side of each row of tea trees, and spraying a pollution-free pesticide once every 10-15 days;
(9) pruning tea trees: trimming the edge of the tea row every season, controlling the distance between tea trees to be 26-30cm, and controlling the height of the tea trees to be 0.6-1m according to the variety of the tea trees;
(10) treating the flowering phase of tea trees: spraying a flower thinning agent 1-2 days before the full-bloom period of the tea trees, and spraying the flower thinning agent within one week after the tea trees enter the full-bloom period to perform flower thinning treatment on the tea trees so as to improve the yield of tea fruits;
(11) pollination of the tea trees: introducing bees into the planting land, and pollinating by utilizing the bees;
(12) harvesting fruits: and (4) harvesting the fruits of the tea trees.
Specifically, in the step (2), the specific method for raising seedlings is as follows:
1) cutting semi-lignified branches from a high-yield mother tree of tea seeds to serve as cutting slips, reserving a bud and a leaf, trimming the bud and the leaf to 9-10 cm in length, obliquely cutting an upper port and an lower port to obtain tea tree cutting slips;
2) 2-3 days before cuttage, disinfecting the upper port and the lower port of the tea tree cuttage strip by using a 2% -3% ferrous sulfate solution, immersing the tea tree cuttage strip in salicylic acid serving as a rooting promoter for 5-10 minutes after disinfection, and taking out leachate to obtain a treated tea tree cuttage strip;
3) and (3) cutting the processed tea tree cutting strips into a seedling raising substrate of a plastic greenhouse, wherein the cutting depth is 2.9-3.1 cm.
Specifically, in the step (3), the base fertilizer is composed of the following raw materials in parts by weight: 35-50 parts of chicken and duck manure, 40-50 parts of plant ash and 10-15 parts of microbial agent.
Specifically, in step (6), automatic spray device includes mount, storage water tank, water pump and shower, and the mount setting has the shower in the side of every row of tea tree, and the winding is gone up to the mount, and the one end of shower is connected at the play water outlet end of water pump, and the end connection of intaking of water pump is in the storage water tank, and opening of water pump is stopped through controller control, and the controller passes through wireless communication and is connected with soil moisture sensor.
Specifically, in step (7), automatic fertilizer injection unit includes mount, can fertilizer, water pump and fertilization pipe, and the mount sets up the side at every row of tea tree for automatic spraying device's mount, and the winding has the fertilization pipe on the mount, and the one end of fertilization pipe is connected at the play water end of water pump, and the end connection of intaking of water pump is in the can fertilizer, and opening of water pump is stopped through controller control, and the controller passes through wireless communication and is connected with soil nutrient sensor.
Specifically, in step (8), automatic medicine device that spouts includes mount, liquid medicine box, water pump, spray tube and time-recorder, and the mount sets up the side at every row of tea tree for automatic spraying device's mount, and the winding has the spray tube on the mount, and the one end of spray tube is connected at the play water end of water pump, and the end connection of intaking of water pump is in the liquid medicine box, and opening of water pump is controlled through the controller, and the controller passes through wireless communication and is connected with the time-recorder.
Specifically, in the step (10), the flower thinning agent is a calcium formate flower thinning agent, the concentration of calcium formate in the calcium formate flower thinning agent is 10-25 mg/L, and the content of the chitin is 0.5-2.5 wt% of the total amount of the flower thinning agent liquid medicine.
The working principle and the using process of the invention are as follows: variety selection: selecting a tea tree variety with high tea seed yield; seedling culture: cutting semi-lignified branches from a high-yield mother tree of tea seeds to be used as cutting slips, keeping one bud and one leaf, trimming the length of the bud and one leaf to be 9-10 cm, obliquely cutting an upper end opening and obliquely cutting a lower end opening to obtain tea tree cutting slips, disinfecting the upper end opening and the lower end opening of the tea tree cutting slips with a ferrous sulfate solution of 2% -3% 2-3 days before cutting, immersing the tea tree cutting slips in salicylic acid serving as a rooting promoter for 5-10 minutes after disinfection, taking out leachate to obtain treated tea tree cutting slips, cutting the treated tea tree cutting slips in a seedling culture medium of a plastic greenhouse, controlling the humidity, the temperature and the light transmittance of cutting slips seedlings by using the greenhouse after cutting, removing the greenhouse after the cutting slips take roots and grow, and gradually hardening the seedlings; soil management: renovating soil of a planting field for the first time, renovating the depth of the soil to about 15 centimeters, cleaning weeds and stones, insolating for one week to eliminate harmful ova and bacteria in shallow soil, adding a base fertilizer, renovating the planting field for the second time, renovating the soil to about 40 centimeters, cleaning weeds and stones, insolating for one week to eliminate harmful ova and bacteria in deep soil again, and adding a base fertilizer and decomposed pine needle soil which are uniformly stirred; ditching: digging planting ditches with the depth of 0.4-0.5 m and the width of 0.6 m according to the row spacing of 3-4 m; tea seedling field planting: covering a layer of hay leaves at the bottom of the planting ditch, selecting multi-branch tea tree seedlings without disease branches, transplanting with soil, filling soil and compacting, watering the tea trees thoroughly and pruning; monitoring soil humidity and automatically spraying: inserting a plurality of soil moisture sensors into soil of each row of tea trees, wherein the soil moisture sensors can measure moisture information of the soil of a root area of each row of tea trees, if the soil moisture of the root area is less, the soil moisture sensors transmit data to a controller, the controller controls a water pump to be started, a water source in a water storage tank is introduced into a spraying pipe, the spraying pipe is used for spraying and supplementing moisture, when the soil moisture sensors detect sufficient moisture, the data are transmitted to the controller, and the controller controls the water pump to be stopped; soil nutrient monitoring and automatic fertilization: inserting a plurality of soil nutrient sensors into soil of each row of tea trees, wherein the soil nutrient sensors can measure nutrient information of the soil of each row of tea tree root area, if the soil nutrient is less, the soil nutrient sensors transmit data to a controller, the controller controls a water pump to be started, fertilizer in a fertilizer box is introduced into a fertilizing pipe, the fertilizing pipe performs fertilization to supplement nutrients, when the soil nutrient sensors detect sufficient nutrients, the data are transmitted to the controller, and the controller controls the water pump to stop; and (3) periodic pest control: the timer is used for timing, data are transmitted to the controller every 10-15 days, the controller controls the water pump to be started, the pollution-free pesticide in the liquid medicine tank is introduced into the pesticide spraying pipe to be sprayed, the spraying is finished, and the controller controls the water pump to stop; pruning tea trees: trimming the edge of the tea row every season, controlling the distance between tea trees to be 26-30cm, and controlling the height of the tea trees to be 0.6-1m according to the variety of the tea trees; treating the flowering phase of tea trees: spraying a flower thinning agent 1-2 days before the full-bloom period of the tea trees, and spraying the flower thinning agent within one week after the tea trees enter the full-bloom period to perform flower thinning treatment on the tea trees so as to improve the yield of tea fruits; pollination of the tea trees: introducing bees into the planting land, and pollinating by utilizing the bees; harvesting fruits: and (4) harvesting the fruits of the tea trees.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (7)

1. A planting method for improving the yield of tea tree fruits is characterized by comprising the following steps:
(1) variety selection: selecting a tea tree variety with high tea seed yield;
(2) seedling culture: raising seedlings in a plastic greenhouse by adopting a cutting method, regulating and controlling the humidity, the temperature and the light transmittance of cutting seedlings by utilizing the greenhouse after cutting, removing the greenhouse after the cutting seedlings grow roots, and gradually hardening the seedlings;
(3) soil management: renovating soil of a planting field for the first time, renovating the depth of the soil to about 15 centimeters, cleaning weeds and stones, insolating for one week to eliminate harmful ova and bacteria in shallow soil, adding a base fertilizer, renovating the planting field for the second time, renovating the soil to about 40 centimeters, cleaning weeds and stones, insolating for one week to eliminate harmful ova and bacteria in deep soil again, and adding a base fertilizer and decomposed pine needle soil which are uniformly stirred;
(4) ditching: digging planting ditches with the depth of 0.4-0.5 m and the width of 0.6 m according to the row spacing of 3-4 m;
(5) tea seedling field planting: covering a layer of hay leaves at the bottom of the planting ditch, selecting multi-branch tea tree seedlings without disease branches, transplanting with soil, filling soil and compacting, watering the tea trees thoroughly and pruning;
(6) monitoring soil humidity and automatically spraying: the soil moisture sensors are inserted into soil of each row of tea trees, the soil moisture sensors can measure moisture information of the soil in a root area of each row of tea trees, and meanwhile, the soil moisture sensors are connected with an automatic spraying device through wireless communication, so that the automatic spraying device can be controlled to automatically spray the tea trees;
(7) soil nutrient monitoring and automatic fertilization: the soil nutrient sensors can measure nutrient information of soil in a root area of each row of tea trees, and meanwhile, the soil nutrient sensors are connected with the automatic fertilizing device through wireless communication, so that the automatic fertilizing device can be controlled to automatically fertilize the tea trees;
(8) and (3) periodic pest control: arranging an automatic pesticide spraying device at the side of each row of tea trees, and spraying a pollution-free pesticide once every 10-15 days;
(9) pruning tea trees: trimming the edge of the tea row every season, controlling the distance between tea trees to be 26-30cm, and controlling the height of the tea trees to be 0.6-1m according to the variety of the tea trees;
(10) treating the flowering phase of tea trees: spraying a flower thinning agent 1-2 days before the full-bloom period of the tea trees, and spraying the flower thinning agent within one week after the tea trees enter the full-bloom period to perform flower thinning treatment on the tea trees so as to improve the yield of tea fruits;
(11) pollination of the tea trees: introducing bees into the planting land, and pollinating by utilizing the bees;
(12) harvesting fruits: and (4) harvesting the fruits of the tea trees.
2. The planting method for improving the yield of the fruit of tea tree according to claim 1, wherein the planting method comprises the following steps: in the step (2), the specific method for raising seedlings is as follows:
1) cutting semi-lignified branches from a high-yield mother tree of tea seeds to serve as cutting slips, reserving a bud and a leaf, trimming the bud and the leaf to 9-10 cm in length, obliquely cutting an upper port and an lower port to obtain tea tree cutting slips;
2) 2-3 days before cuttage, disinfecting the upper port and the lower port of the tea tree cuttage strip by using a 2% -3% ferrous sulfate solution, immersing the tea tree cuttage strip in salicylic acid serving as a rooting promoter for 5-10 minutes after disinfection, and taking out leachate to obtain a treated tea tree cuttage strip;
3) and (3) cutting the processed tea tree cutting strips into a seedling raising substrate of a plastic greenhouse, wherein the cutting depth is 2.9-3.1 cm.
3. The planting method for improving the yield of the fruit of tea tree according to claim 1, wherein the planting method comprises the following steps: in the step (3), the base fertilizer is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 35-50 parts of chicken and duck manure, 40-50 parts of plant ash and 10-15 parts of microbial agent.
4. The planting method for improving the yield of the fruit of tea tree according to claim 1, wherein the planting method comprises the following steps: in step (6), automatic spray device includes mount, storage water tank, water pump and shower, the mount sets up the side at every row of tea tree, the winding has the shower on the mount, the one end of shower is connected at the play water outlet end of water pump, the end connection of intaking of water pump is in the storage water tank, opening of water pump is stopped through controller control, and the controller passes through wireless communication and is connected with soil moisture sensor.
5. The planting method for improving the yield of the fruit of tea tree according to claim 1, wherein the planting method comprises the following steps: in step (7), automatic fertilizer injection unit includes mount, can fertilizer, water pump and the pipe that fertilizies, the mount sets up the side at every row of tea tree for automatic spraying device's mount, the winding has the pipe that fertilizies on the mount, the play water end at the water pump is connected to the one end of the pipe that fertilizies, the end connection of intaking of water pump is in the can fertilizer, opening of water pump is stopped through controller control, and the controller passes through wireless communication and is connected with soil nutrient sensor.
6. The planting method for improving the yield of the fruit of tea tree according to claim 1, wherein the planting method comprises the following steps: in step (8), the automatic medicine device that spouts includes mount, liquid medicine tank, water pump, spray pipe and time-recorder, the mount sets up the side at every row of tea tree for automatic spraying device's mount, the winding has the spray pipe on the mount, the play water end at the water pump is connected to the one end of spray pipe, the end of intaking of water pump is connected in the liquid medicine tank, opening of water pump is stopped through the controller control, and the controller passes through wireless communication and is connected with the time-recorder.
7. The planting method for improving the yield of the fruit of tea tree according to claim 1, wherein the planting method comprises the following steps: in the step (10), the flower thinning agent is a calcium formate flower thinning agent, the concentration of calcium formate in the calcium formate flower thinning agent is 10-25 mg/L, and the content of chitin is 0.5-2.5 wt% of the total amount of the flower thinning agent liquid medicine.
CN202010389888.8A 2020-05-11 2020-05-11 Planting method for increasing yield of tea tree fruits Pending CN111567498A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111955258A (en) * 2020-08-26 2020-11-20 广西南亚热带农业科学研究所 Full-illumination spraying cutting seedling method for tea trees

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111955258A (en) * 2020-08-26 2020-11-20 广西南亚热带农业科学研究所 Full-illumination spraying cutting seedling method for tea trees

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