CN111558604A - Equipment for accelerating biodegradation of garden garbage - Google Patents

Equipment for accelerating biodegradation of garden garbage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111558604A
CN111558604A CN202010477880.7A CN202010477880A CN111558604A CN 111558604 A CN111558604 A CN 111558604A CN 202010477880 A CN202010477880 A CN 202010477880A CN 111558604 A CN111558604 A CN 111558604A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
belt pulley
crushing
driving
crushing device
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010477880.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周旭丹
鲍昱
王薇
张秋实
王晴
郭锛
李羡宏
郑浩东
范宇航
李娜
韩旭
史晚秋
邵馨瑶
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jilin Agricultural University
Original Assignee
Jilin Agricultural University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jilin Agricultural University filed Critical Jilin Agricultural University
Priority to CN202010477880.7A priority Critical patent/CN111558604A/en
Publication of CN111558604A publication Critical patent/CN111558604A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • B09B3/40Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless involving thermal treatment, e.g. evaporation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • B02C18/0092Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage for waste water or for garbage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/12Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged below container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/24Drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/42Driving mechanisms; Roller speed control
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by a single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage
    • B02C2201/066Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage for garden waste

Abstract

The invention discloses equipment for accelerating biodegradation of garden garbage, which is provided with a three-stage crushing device, the garden garbage is gradually and thoroughly crushed, the crushing device is protected to a certain degree, the service life of the equipment is prolonged, the engineering cost is reduced, a rainwater collecting device collects rainwater and guides the rainwater into a biodegradation device to soak the garden garbage to promote decomposition of the garden garbage, a large number of microorganisms are contained in the rainwater to promote biodegradation, a heat absorbing plate can increase the temperature in the biodegradation device to make the temperature environment in the biodegradation device more suitable for microbial degradation, and the microbial degradation efficiency is further improved The efficiency of biodegradation of garden garbage is high, the service life of equipment is long, and the like.

Description

Equipment for accelerating biodegradation of garden garbage
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of garbage disposal equipment; in particular to equipment for accelerating biodegradation of garden garbage.
Background
Biodegradation means that materials are continuously discharged from the body in the process of tissue growing in through the actions of dissolution, enzymolysis, cell phagocytosis and the like in the body, the repaired tissues completely replace the positions of implanted materials, the materials have no residual property in the body, the method for treating garden garbage through biodegradation is a currently emerging garbage treatment mode which has the advantages of greenness, no pollution, no consumption of a large amount of resources and the like, then the degradation speed of the existing mode for treating garden garbage through biodegradation is low, the existing biodegradation efficiency is influenced by different environments and seasons, for example, a three-stage crushing device disclosed by CN107413501A, the method has great uncertainty when treating garden garbage, in order to improve the efficiency of biodegrading garden garbage, the existing mode is to degrade garden garbage after crushing, although the mode has certain improvement on the efficiency of biodegrading garden garbage, however, the problems that the biodegradation efficiency is affected by various environments and seasons and the efficiency of biodegrading the garden garbage is too slow still cannot be solved, and thus, an apparatus for accelerating the biodegradation of the garden garbage is urgently available.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide equipment for accelerating biodegradation of garden garbage, which comprises a rainwater collecting device, an outer shell, a second-stage crushing device, a third-stage crushing device, a side cover plate, a biodegradation device, a heat conduction pipe, a driving mechanism, a heat absorption plate and a first-stage crushing device, wherein the heat absorption plate is embedded on the outer side wall of the side cover plate, the side cover plate is fixed on the side wall of the outer shell, the rainwater collecting device is embedded in the inner side of the outer shell, the upper end of the rainwater collecting device penetrates through the upper end surface of the outer shell, the lower end of the rainwater collecting device is fixedly connected with the biodegradation device in a penetrating way, the first-stage crushing device is fixed at the upper end of the inner side of the outer shell, the upper end of the first-stage crushing device is connected with the outer side wall of the outer shell in a penetrating way, the lower end of, the utility model discloses a high-speed grinder, including shell body, heat pipe and side cover plate, second level reducing mechanism lower extreme link up and be fixed with third level reducing mechanism, third level reducing mechanism is fixed in on the shell body inside wall, third level reducing mechanism lower extreme and biodegradable device upper end link up fixed connection, actuating mechanism locates the shell body inboard, and actuating mechanism respectively with first level reducing mechanism, second level reducing mechanism and third level reducing mechanism fixed connection, biodegradable device goes up lateral wall and shell body through connection, the heat pipe encircles on the biodegradable device lateral wall, and is embedded on the biodegradable device lateral wall, heat pipe and side cover plate fixed connection.
Further, rainwater collection device includes screen cloth, cistern and conduit, the screen cloth is fixed in on the cistern up end, the cistern upper end run through the shell body up end and with shell body up end fixed connection, the conduit upper end is fixed in the cistern bottom, and with the inside through connection of cistern, conduit lower extreme and biodegradable device fixed connection, and with the inside through connection of biodegradable device.
Further, the shell body includes shell body, air inlet window, rainwater groove installing port and feed inlet, the rainwater groove installing port is located on the shell body up end, the feed inlet is located on the lateral wall on the shell body, the air inlet window is located the downside of lateral wall about the shell body, rainwater groove installing port and cistern up end fixed connection.
Further, the second-stage crushing device comprises a left spiral blade, a right spiral blade, a second-stage crushing device shell, a right belt pulley fixing frame, a right belt pulley driving frame, a driving motor, a motor fixing frame, a rotary blade belt pulley, a left belt pulley driving frame, a left belt pulley fixing frame and a belt, the second-stage crushing device shell is fixed on the inner side wall of the shell body and fixed on the lower side of the first-stage crushing device, the left belt pulley fixing frame and the right belt pulley fixing frame are identical in structure and are symmetrically fixed on the left side wall and the right side wall of the second-stage crushing device shell respectively, the right belt pulley driving frame and the left belt pulley driving frame are identical in structure and are symmetrically fixed on the corners of the left side wall and the right side wall of the second-stage, the right spiral blade is fixed on the right side in the shell of the secondary crushing device in a rotating way through a rotating shaft, the right spiral blade is arranged on the upper side of the left spiral blade, the lower ends of the rotating shafts of the left spiral blade and the right spiral blade are both fixed with a rotary blade belt pulley, the rotary blade belt pulley at the lower end of the left spiral blade is in transmission connection with a left belt pulley fixing frame through a belt, the rotary blade belt pulley at the lower end of the right spiral blade is in transmission connection with a right belt pulley fixing frame through a belt, the rotary blade belt pulley at the lower end of the right spiral blade is in transmission connection with the right belt pulley fixing frame through a belt, the left belt pulley fixing frame is in transmission connection with a left belt pulley driving frame through a belt, the driving motor is embedded in the motor fixing frame, the driving motor is fixed on the side wall, the right side belt pulley mount, right side belt pulley drive frame, left side belt pulley drive frame and left side belt pulley mount are prior art, realize the transmission effect through the pulley group that a plurality of belt pulleys cooperate the hinge seat to constitute promptly.
Further, the third-stage crushing device comprises a first crushing roller, a second crushing roller, a third-stage crushing device shell, a second crushing roller rotating shaft, a second gear, a first gear and a first crushing roller rotating shaft, wherein the third-stage crushing device shell is a hollow rectangular shell without top and bottom, the first crushing roller is fixed on the first crushing roller rotating shaft, the second crushing roller is fixed on the second crushing roller rotating shaft, the first crushing roller is rotationally fixed on the inner side of the third-stage crushing device shell through the first crushing roller rotating shaft, the second crushing roller is rotationally fixed on the inner side of the third-stage crushing device shell through the second crushing roller rotating shaft, the first crushing roller is meshed with the second crushing roller rotating shaft, two ends of the first crushing roller rotating shaft penetrate through the left side wall and the right side wall of the third-stage crushing device shell respectively, the first gear is fixed on one end of the first crushing roller rotating shaft, two ends of the second crushing roller rotating shaft penetrate through the left side wall and the right side wall of the third-stage crushing device, and a second gear is fixed on one end of the rotating shaft of the second crushing roller and meshed with the first gear.
Further, the biodegradation device includes biodegradable device casing, ventilative seam and water inlet, the biodegradable device casing has the hollow rectangle casing at the bottom for there being not the top, be equipped with ventilative seam on the lateral wall about the biodegradable device casing, ventilative seam and air inlet window through connection, the water inlet is located on biodegradable device casing one side lateral wall, the water inlet link up the interior lateral wall of biodegradable device casing.
Furthermore, the driving mechanism comprises a first driving belt pulley, a first belt, a second driving belt pulley, a third driving belt pulley, a second belt, a fourth driving belt pulley, a driving motor fixing frame and a driving mechanism motor, the driving mechanism motor is embedded in the driving motor fixing frame, and is fixed on the outer side wall of the shell of the three-stage crushing device through a driving motor fixing frame, the fourth driving belt pulley is fixed on the output shaft of the driving mechanism motor, the third driving belt pulley is fixed on one end of the rotating shaft of the first crushing roller without the first gear, the second driving belt pulley is fixed on one end of the rotating shaft of the second crushing roller without the second gear, the first driving belt pulley is fixed on the first impact hammer rotating shaft, the first driving belt pulley is in transmission connection with the second driving belt pulley through a first belt, and the third driving belt pulley is in transmission connection with the fourth driving belt pulley through a second belt.
Further, the first-stage crushing device comprises a first-stage crushing device shell, a first crushing impact hammer, a first impact hammer rotating shaft, a first gear of the first-stage crushing device, a second impact hammer rotating shaft, a second gear of the first-stage crushing device, a second crushing impact hammer and a first-stage crushing device inlet, the first-stage crushing device inlet is arranged on the outer side wall of the first-stage crushing device shell, the first-stage crushing device inlet is communicated with the feed inlet, the first crushing impact hammer is fixed on the first impact hammer rotating shaft, the first crushing impact hammer is rotationally fixed in the first-stage crushing device shell through the first impact hammer rotating shaft, the second crushing impact hammer is fixed on the second impact hammer rotating shaft, the second crushing impact hammer is rotationally fixed in the first-stage crushing device shell through the second impact hammer rotating shaft, and two ends of the first impact hammer rotating shaft penetrate through the side wall of the first-stage crushing device shell, and one end of the first impact hammer rotating shaft is fixed with a first gear of a primary crushing device, one end of the second impact hammer rotating shaft is embedded in the side wall of the shell of the primary crushing device, the other end of the second impact hammer rotating shaft penetrates through the side wall of the shell of the primary crushing device and is fixed with a second gear of the primary crushing device, and the first gear of the primary crushing device is meshed with the second gear of the primary crushing device.
Further, the operating principle of the equipment for accelerating biodegradation of garden garbage is as follows:
1) starting equipment, driving a motor and a driving mechanism to rotate;
2) the garden garbage is put into the first-stage crushing device through the feeding hole, and falls between the rotating shaft of the first impact hammer and the second crushing impact hammer through the inlet of the first-stage crushing device;
3) the motor of the driving mechanism rotates to drive the first driving belt pulley to rotate, the first driving belt pulley drives the first impact hammer rotating shaft and the second impact hammer rotating shaft to rotate, so that the first crushing impact hammer and the second crushing impact hammer rotate, the garden garbage is subjected to primary crushing, and the crushed garbage falls into the second-stage crushing device through the space between the first impact hammer rotating shaft and the second crushing impact hammer;
4) the driving motor rotates to drive the rotary blade belt pulley to rotate, so as to drive the left spiral blade and the right spiral blade to rotate, the left spiral blade and the right spiral blade cut the crushed garbage falling into the second-stage crushing device from the first-stage crushing device, the crushed garbage is further crushed, and the crushed garbage enters the third-stage crushing device;
5) the motor of the driving mechanism rotates to drive the second driving belt pulley and the third driving belt pulley to rotate, so as to drive the first crushing roller and the second crushing roller to rotate, the first crushing roller is meshed with the second crushing roller to thoroughly crush crushed garbage falling into the third-stage crushing device, and the garbage is thrown into the shell of the biodegradation device;
6) rainwater gets into in the biodegradable device casing by rainwater collection device, and the absorber plate absorbs the sunlight heat simultaneously, with the leading-in biodegradable device casing of heat, for the high temperature humid state in the biodegradable device casing this moment, makes kibbling rubbish break the bad decomposition fast.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the three-stage crushing device is arranged in the invention, when the equipment is put into the equipment, the impact hammer is used for preliminary crushing to lead the garbage with large diameter or the general garbage to be knocked and crushed, the crushed garbage enters the second-stage crushing device, the second-stage crushing device leads the crushed garbage to be further crushed through the cutting blades which rotate alternately, thereby leading the garden garbage to become smaller, the garbage crushed by the second-stage crushing device enters the third-stage crushing device for final crushing, the garden garbage is thoroughly changed into a minimum state through the two meshed crushing rollers, thereby leading the organism to be fully contacted with the garden garbage, further improving the biodegradation efficiency, the garden garbage is crushed by the three-stage crushing device in sequence from the large diameter, the garden garbage is crushed more thoroughly, and the crushing device is protected by crushing the garbage in a sequential gradual mode, the invention relates to a biodegradable device, which comprises a shell, a rainwater collecting device, a biodegradation device, a heat-absorbing plate, a heat-conducting pipe and a heat-conducting pipe, wherein the heat-conducting pipe is arranged in the shell, the heat-conducting, the invention has the advantages of no influence of environment and season on biodegradation efficiency, high efficiency of biodegradation of garden garbage, long service life of equipment and the like.
Drawings
In order to facilitate understanding for those skilled in the art, the present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the general structure of an apparatus for accelerating biodegradation of garden waste according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a rainwater collecting device of an apparatus for accelerating biodegradation of garden waste according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of an outer casing of the device for accelerating biodegradation of garden waste according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a second stage crushing device of the apparatus for accelerating biodegradation of garden waste according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a third-stage crushing device of the apparatus for accelerating biodegradation of garden waste according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a biodegradation device of the apparatus for accelerating biodegradation of garden waste according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a driving mechanism of the apparatus for accelerating biodegradation of garden waste according to the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of a first-stage crushing device of the apparatus for accelerating biodegradation of garden waste according to the present invention.
Detailed Description
Referring to fig. 1-8, an apparatus for accelerating biodegradation of garden garbage comprises a rainwater collecting device 1, an outer casing 2, a second-stage crushing device 3, a third-stage crushing device 4, a side cover plate 5, a biodegradation device 6, a heat conducting pipe 7, a driving mechanism 8, a heat absorbing plate 9 and a first-stage crushing device 10, wherein the heat absorbing plate 9 is embedded on the outer side wall of the side cover plate 5, the side cover plate 5 is fixed on the side wall of the outer casing 2, the rainwater collecting device 1 is embedded inside the outer casing 2, the upper end of the rainwater collecting device 1 penetrates through the upper end surface of the outer casing 2, the lower end of the rainwater collecting device 1 is fixedly connected with the biodegradation device 6 in a penetrating manner, the first-stage crushing device 10 is fixed on the upper end inside the outer casing 2, the upper end of the first-stage crushing device 10 is connected with the outer side wall of the outer casing 2 in a penetrating, second level reducing mechanism 3 is fixed in on the 2 inside walls of shell body, 3 lower extremes of second level reducing mechanism link up and are fixed with third level reducing mechanism 4, third level reducing mechanism 4 is fixed in on the 2 inside walls of shell body, 4 lower extremes of third level reducing mechanism link up fixed connection with 6 upper ends of biodegradable devices, actuating mechanism 8 locates the 2 inboards of shell body, and actuating mechanism 8 respectively with first level reducing mechanism 10, second level reducing mechanism 3 and third level reducing mechanism 4 fixed connection, biodegradable devices 6 goes up lateral wall and shell body 2 through connection, heat pipe 7 surrounds on biodegradable devices 6 lateral walls, and it is embedded on biodegradable devices 6 lateral walls, heat pipe 7 and 5 fixed connection of side apron.
As shown in fig. 2, the rainwater collecting device 1 includes a screen 11, a reservoir 12 and a water pipe 13, the screen 11 is fixed on the upper end surface of the reservoir 12, the upper end of the reservoir 12 penetrates through the upper end surface of the outer shell 2 and is fixedly connected with the upper end surface of the outer shell 2, the upper end of the water pipe 13 is fixed at the bottom of the reservoir 12 and is connected with the inside of the reservoir 12, and the lower end of the water pipe 13 is fixedly connected with the biodegradation device 6 and is connected with the inside of the biodegradation device 6.
As shown in fig. 3, the outer casing 2 includes an outer casing body 21, an air inlet window 22, a rain gutter mounting port 23 and a feed inlet 24, the rain gutter mounting port 23 is disposed on the upper end surface of the outer casing body 21, the feed inlet 24 is disposed on the upper side wall of the outer casing body 21, the air inlet window 22 is disposed on the lower side of the left and right side walls of the outer casing body 21, and the rain gutter mounting port 23 is fixedly connected with the upper end surface of the reservoir 12.
As shown in fig. 4, the second-stage crushing device 3 includes a left spiral blade 31, a right spiral blade 32, a second-stage crushing device housing 33, a right belt pulley fixing frame 34, a right belt pulley driving frame 35, a driving motor 36, a motor fixing frame 37, a rotary blade belt pulley 38, a left belt pulley driving frame 39, a left belt pulley fixing frame 310 and a belt 311, the second-stage crushing device housing 33 is fixed on the inner side wall of the outer housing body 21 and fixed on the lower side of the first-stage crushing device 10, the left belt pulley fixing frame 310 and the right belt pulley fixing frame 34 are identical in structure and symmetrically fixed on the left and right side walls of the second-stage crushing device housing 33 respectively, the right belt pulley driving frame 35 and the left belt pulley driving frame 39 are identical in structure and symmetrically fixed on the corners of the left and right side walls of the second-stage crushing device housing, the right spiral blade 32 is fixed on the right side inside the shell 33 of the secondary crushing device through the rotation of a rotating shaft, the right spiral blade 32 is arranged on the upper side of the left spiral blade 31, the lower ends of the rotating shafts of the left spiral blade 31 and the right spiral blade 32 are both fixed with a rotary blade belt pulley 38, the rotary blade belt pulley 38 at the lower end of the left spiral blade 31 is in transmission connection with a left belt pulley fixing frame 310 through a belt 311, the rotary blade belt pulley 38 at the lower end of the right spiral blade 32 is in transmission connection with a right belt pulley fixing frame 34 through a belt 311, the left belt pulley fixing frame 310 is in transmission connection with a left belt pulley driving frame 39 through a belt 311, the right belt pulley fixing frame 34 is in transmission connection with a right belt pulley driving frame 35 through a belt 311, the driving motor 36 is embedded in the motor fixing frame 37, and the driving motor 36, the output shaft of the driving motor 36 is fixedly connected with the right belt pulley driving frame 35, and the right belt pulley fixing frame 34, the right belt pulley driving frame 35, the left belt pulley driving frame 39 and the left belt pulley fixing frame 310 are in the prior art, namely, the transmission effect is realized through a plurality of belt pulleys matched with a belt pulley group consisting of hinge seats.
As shown in fig. 5, the third-stage pulverizing device 4 includes a first pulverizing roller 41, a second pulverizing roller 42, a third-stage pulverizing device casing 43, a second pulverizing roller rotating shaft 44, a second gear 45, a first gear 46 and a first pulverizing roller rotating shaft 47, the third-stage pulverizing device casing 43 is a hollow rectangular casing without top and bottom, the first pulverizing roller 41 is fixed on the first pulverizing roller rotating shaft 47, the second pulverizing roller 42 is fixed on the second pulverizing roller rotating shaft 44, the first pulverizing roller 41 is fixed inside the third-stage pulverizing device casing 43 by the first pulverizing roller rotating shaft 47, the second pulverizing roller 42 is fixed inside the third-stage pulverizing device casing 43 by the second pulverizing roller rotating shaft 44, the first pulverizing roller 41 is engaged with the second pulverizing roller rotating shaft 44, both ends of the first pulverizing roller rotating shaft 47 penetrate through left and right side walls of the third-stage pulverizing device casing 43, and the first gear 46 is fixed on one end of the first pulverizing roller rotating shaft 47, the two ends of the second crushing roller rotating shaft 44 penetrate through the left and right side walls of the three-stage crushing device shell 43 respectively, and one end of the second crushing roller rotating shaft 44 is fixed with a second gear 45, and the second gear 45 is meshed with a first gear 46.
As shown in fig. 6, the biodegradation device 6 includes a biodegradation device housing 61, a ventilation seam 62 and a water inlet 63, the biodegradation device housing 61 is a hollow rectangular housing without a top and a bottom, the left and right side walls of the biodegradation device housing 61 are provided with ventilation seams 62, the ventilation seams 62 are communicated with the air inlet window 22, the water inlet 63 is arranged on the side wall of one side of the biodegradation device housing 61, and the water inlet 63 is communicated with the inner and outer side walls of the biodegradation device housing 61.
As shown in fig. 7, the driving mechanism 8 includes a first driving pulley 81, a first belt 82, a second driving pulley 83, a third driving pulley 84, a second belt 85, a fourth driving pulley 86, a driving motor fixing frame 87 and a driving mechanism motor 88, the driving mechanism motor 88 is embedded in the driving motor fixing frame 87 and fixed on the outer side wall of the three-stage crushing device shell 43 through the driving motor fixing frame 87, the fourth driving pulley 86 is fixed on the output shaft of the driving mechanism motor 88, the third driving pulley 84 is fixed on one end of the first crushing roller rotating shaft 47 without the first gear 46, the second driving pulley 83 is fixed on one end of the second crushing roller rotating shaft 44 without the second gear 45, the first driving pulley 81 is fixed on the first impact hammer rotating shaft 103, the first driving pulley 81 is in transmission connection with the second driving pulley 83 through the first belt 82, the third drive pulley 84 is drivingly connected to the fourth drive pulley 86 by a second belt 85.
As shown in fig. 8, the first-stage crushing device 10 includes a first-stage crushing device housing 101, a first crushing impact hammer 102, a first impact hammer rotating shaft 103, a first-stage crushing device first gear 104, a second impact hammer rotating shaft 105, a first-stage crushing device second gear 106, a second crushing impact hammer 107 and a first-stage crushing device inlet 108, the first-stage crushing device inlet 108 is disposed on the outer side wall of the first-stage crushing device housing 101, the first-stage crushing device inlet 108 is connected with the feed inlet 24 in a penetrating manner, the first crushing impact hammer 102 is fixed on the first impact hammer rotating shaft 103, the first crushing impact hammer 102 is fixed in the first-stage crushing device housing 101 by the first impact hammer rotating shaft 103, the second crushing impact hammer 107 is fixed on the second impact hammer rotating shaft 105, the second crushing impact hammer 107 is fixed in the first-stage crushing device housing 101 by the second impact hammer rotating shaft 105, both ends of the first impact hammer rotating shaft 103 penetrate through the side wall of the first-stage crushing device housing, and one end of the first impact hammer rotating shaft 103 is fixed with a first gear 104 of the primary crushing device, one end of the second impact hammer rotating shaft 105 is embedded in the side wall of the shell 101 of the primary crushing device, the other end penetrates through the side wall of the shell 101 of the primary crushing device and is fixed with a second gear 106 of the primary crushing device, and the first gear 104 of the primary crushing device is meshed with the second gear 106 of the primary crushing device.
The utility model provides an accelerate gardens rubbish biodegradable equipment's theory of operation, the theory of operation specifically as follows:
1) starting the apparatus, driving the motor 36 and the drive mechanism motor 88 in rotation;
2) garden garbage is put into the feed inlet 24, and the garbage falls into a space between the first impact hammer rotating shaft 103 and the second crushing impact hammer 107 through the inlet 108 of the primary crushing device;
3) the driving mechanism motor 88 rotates to drive the first driving belt pulley 81 to rotate, the first driving belt pulley 81 drives the first impact hammer rotating shaft 103 and the second impact hammer rotating shaft 105 to rotate, so that the first crushing impact hammer 102 and the second crushing impact hammer 107 rotate, the garden garbage is subjected to primary crushing, and the crushed garbage falls into the second-stage crushing device 3 through the space between the first impact hammer rotating shaft 103 and the second crushing impact hammer 107;
4) the driving motor 36 rotates to drive the rotary blade belt pulley 38 to rotate, so as to drive the left spiral blade 31 and the right spiral blade 32 to rotate, the left spiral blade 31 and the right spiral blade 32 cut the crushed garbage falling into the second-stage crushing device 3 from the first-stage crushing device 10, the crushed garbage is further crushed, and the crushed garbage enters the third-stage crushing device 4;
5) the driving mechanism motor 88 rotates to drive the second driving belt pulley 83 and the third driving belt pulley 84 to rotate, so as to drive the first crushing roller 41 and the second crushing roller 42 to rotate, the first crushing roller 41 and the second crushing roller 42 are meshed to thoroughly crush the crushed garbage falling into the third-stage crushing device 4, and the garbage is thrown into the biodegradable device shell 61;
6) rainwater gets into biodegradable device casing 61 by rainwater collection device 1 in, and absorber plate 9 absorbs the sunlight heat simultaneously, with the leading-in biodegradable device casing 61 of heat in, be the high temperature humid state in the biodegradable device casing 61 this moment, make kibbling rubbish break out the decomposition fast.
The foregoing is merely exemplary and illustrative of the present invention and various modifications, additions and substitutions may be made by those skilled in the art to the specific embodiments described without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the following claims.

Claims (9)

1. An apparatus for accelerating biodegradation of garden garbage comprises a rainwater collecting device (1), an outer shell (2), a second-stage crushing device (3), a third-stage crushing device (4), a side cover plate (5), a biodegradation device (6), a heat conducting pipe (7), a driving mechanism (8), a heat absorbing plate (9) and a first-stage crushing device (10), and is characterized in that the heat absorbing plate (9) is embedded on the outer side wall of the side cover plate (5), the side cover plate (5) is fixed on the side wall of the outer shell (2), the rainwater collecting device (1) is embedded inside the outer shell (2), the upper end of the rainwater collecting device (1) penetrates through the upper end surface of the outer shell (2), the lower end of the rainwater collecting device (1) is fixedly connected with the biodegradation device (6) in a penetrating way, and the first-stage crushing device (10) is fixed at the upper end of the inner side of the outer, the upper end of the first-stage crushing device (10) is in through connection with the outer side wall of the outer shell (2), the lower end of the first-stage crushing device (10) is in through fixed connection with the upper end of the second-stage crushing device (3), the second-stage crushing device (3) is fixed on the inner side wall of the outer shell (2), the lower end of the second-stage crushing device (3) is in through fixed connection with a third-stage crushing device (4), the third-stage crushing device (4) is fixed on the inner side wall of the outer shell (2), the lower end of the third-stage crushing device (4) is in through fixed connection with the upper end of the biodegradation device (6), the driving mechanism (8) is arranged on the inner side of the outer shell (2), the driving mechanism (8) is respectively in fixed connection with the first-stage crushing device (10), the second-stage crushing device (3) and the third-stage crushing device (4), the upper side, the heat conduction pipe (7) surrounds the side wall of the biodegradation device (6) and is embedded in the side wall of the biodegradation device (6), and the heat conduction pipe (7) is fixedly connected with the side cover plate (5).
2. The device for accelerating biodegradation of garden garbage according to claim 1, wherein the rainwater collection device (1) comprises a screen (11), a reservoir (12) and a water pipe (13), the screen (11) is fixed on the upper end surface of the reservoir (12), the upper end of the reservoir (12) penetrates through the upper end surface of the outer shell (2) and is fixedly connected with the upper end surface of the outer shell (2), the upper end of the water pipe (13) is fixed at the bottom of the reservoir (12) and is connected with the inside of the reservoir (12) in a penetrating manner, and the lower end of the water pipe (13) is fixedly connected with the biodegradation device (6) and is connected with the inside of the biodegradation device (6) in a penetrating manner.
3. The device for accelerating biodegradation of garden garbage according to claim 1, wherein the outer casing (2) comprises an outer casing body (21), an air inlet window (22), a rain gutter mounting port (23) and a feed inlet (24), the rain gutter mounting port (23) is arranged on the upper end face of the outer casing body (21), the feed inlet (24) is arranged on the upper side wall of the outer casing body (21), the air inlet window (22) is arranged on the lower side of the left and right side walls of the outer casing body (21), and the rain gutter mounting port (23) is fixedly connected with the upper end face of the water storage tank (12).
4. The equipment for accelerating biodegradation of garden garbage according to claim 1, wherein the second-stage crushing device (3) comprises a left spiral blade (31), a right spiral blade (32), a second-stage crushing device shell (33), a right belt pulley fixing frame (34), a right belt pulley driving frame (35), a driving motor (36), a motor fixing frame (37), a rotary blade belt pulley (38), a left belt pulley driving frame (39), a left belt pulley fixing frame (310) and a belt (311), the second-stage crushing device shell (33) is fixed on the inner side wall of the outer shell body (21) and fixed on the lower side of the first-stage crushing device (10), the left belt pulley fixing frame (310) and the right belt pulley fixing frame (34) have the same structure and are symmetrically fixed on the left side wall and the right side wall of the second-stage crushing device shell (33) respectively, right side belt pulley drive frame (35) and left side belt pulley drive frame (39) structure is the same and respectively the symmetry is fixed in on the lateral wall corner about second grade reducing mechanism casing (33), left side spiral blade (31) rotate through the pivot and are fixed in the inside left side of second grade reducing mechanism casing (33), right side spiral blade (32) rotate through the pivot and are fixed in the inside right side of second grade reducing mechanism casing (33), left side spiral blade (31) upside is located in right side spiral blade (32), left side spiral blade (31) and right side spiral blade (32) pivot lower extreme all are fixed with rotary blade belt pulley (38), rotary blade belt pulley (38) of left side spiral blade (31) lower extreme pass through belt (311) and are connected with left side belt pulley mount (310) transmission, rotary blade belt pulley (38) of right side spiral blade (32) lower extreme pass through belt (311) and are connected with right side belt pulley (34) transmission Connect, left side belt pulley mount (310) are connected with left side belt pulley drive frame (39) transmission through belt (311), right side belt pulley mount (34) are connected with right side belt pulley drive frame (35) transmission through belt (311), embedded on motor mount (37) in driving motor (36), and on driving motor (36) are fixed in third level reducing mechanism (4) lateral wall through motor mount (37), driving motor (36) output shaft and right side belt pulley drive frame (35) fixed connection.
5. The device for accelerating biodegradation of garden garbage according to claim 1, wherein the third crushing device (4) comprises a first crushing roller (41), a second crushing roller (42), a third crushing device shell (43), a second crushing roller rotating shaft (44), a second gear (45), a first gear (46) and a first crushing roller rotating shaft (47), the third crushing device shell (43) is a hollow rectangular shell without top and bottom, the first crushing roller (41) is fixed on the first crushing roller rotating shaft (47), the second crushing roller (42) is fixed on the second crushing roller rotating shaft (44), the first crushing roller (41) is rotationally fixed inside the third crushing device shell (43) through the first crushing roller rotating shaft (47), the second crushing roller (42) is rotationally fixed inside the third crushing device shell (43) through the second crushing roller rotating shaft (44), first crushing roller (41) and second crushing roller pivot (44) mesh mutually, lateral wall about tertiary reducing mechanism casing (43) is penetrated respectively at first crushing roller pivot (47) both ends, and one of first crushing roller pivot (47) is served and is fixed with first gear (46), lateral wall about tertiary reducing mechanism casing (43) is penetrated respectively at second crushing roller pivot (44) both ends, and second crushing roller pivot (44) serve and be fixed with second gear (45), second gear (45) mesh mutually with first gear (46).
6. The device for accelerating biodegradation of garden garbage according to claim 1, wherein the biodegradation device (6) comprises a biodegradation device shell (61), an air permeable seam (62) and a water inlet (63), the biodegradation device shell (61) is a hollow rectangular shell with no top and bottom, the left and right side walls of the biodegradation device shell (61) are provided with air permeable seams (62), the air permeable seams (62) are communicated with the air inlet window (22), the water inlet (63) is arranged on one side wall of the biodegradation device shell (61), and the water inlet (63) is communicated with the inner and outer side walls of the biodegradation device shell (61).
7. The device for accelerating biodegradation of garden garbage according to claim 1, wherein the driving mechanism (8) comprises a first driving pulley (81), a first belt (82), a second driving pulley (83), a third driving pulley (84), a second belt (85), a fourth driving pulley (86), a driving motor fixing frame (87) and a driving motor (88), the driving motor (88) is embedded in the driving motor fixing frame (87) and fixed on the outer side wall of the three-stage crushing device shell (43) through the driving motor fixing frame (87), the fourth driving pulley (86) is fixed on the output shaft of the driving motor (88), the third driving pulley (84) is fixed on the end of the first crushing roller rotating shaft (47) without the first gear (46), and the second driving pulley (83) is fixed on the end of the second crushing roller rotating shaft (44) without the second gear (45) The first driving belt pulley (81) is fixed on the first impact hammer rotating shaft (103), the first driving belt pulley (81) is in transmission connection with the second driving belt pulley (83) through a first belt (82), and the third driving belt pulley (84) is in transmission connection with the fourth driving belt pulley (86) through a second belt (85).
8. The device for accelerating biodegradation of garden garbage according to claim 1, wherein the first stage crushing device (10) comprises a first stage crushing device housing (101), a first crushing impact hammer (102), a first impact hammer rotating shaft (103), a first stage crushing device first gear (104), a second impact hammer rotating shaft (105), a first stage crushing device second gear (106), a second crushing impact hammer (107) and a first stage crushing device inlet (108), the first stage crushing device inlet (108) is disposed on an outer side wall of the first stage crushing device housing (101), the first stage crushing device inlet (108) is communicated with the feeding port (24), the first crushing impact hammer (102) is fixed on the first impact hammer rotating shaft (103), and the first crushing impact hammer (102) is rotatably fixed in the first stage crushing device housing (101) through the first impact hammer rotating shaft (103), the utility model discloses a crushing device of one-level reducing mechanism, including first crushing jump bit pivot (103), second crushing jump bit (107), and second crushing jump bit pivot (105) rotate through second jump bit pivot (105) and be fixed in one-level reducing mechanism casing (101), first jump bit pivot (103) both ends all pierce through one-level reducing mechanism casing (101) lateral wall, and one of first jump bit pivot (103) is served and is fixed with first gear (104) of one-level reducing mechanism, second jump bit pivot (105) one end is embedded on one-level reducing mechanism casing (101) lateral wall, and the other end pierces through one-level reducing mechanism casing (101) lateral wall and is fixed with one-level reducing mechanism second gear (106), first gear (104) of one-level reducing mechanism meshes with one-level reducing mechanism second gear (106) mutually.
9. The device for accelerating the biodegradation of garden garbage according to claim 1, wherein the device for accelerating the biodegradation of garden garbage has the following working principle:
1) starting equipment, driving a motor (36) and a driving mechanism motor (88) to rotate;
2) garden garbage is put into the crushing device through the feeding hole (24), and the garbage falls into a space between the first impact hammer rotating shaft (103) and the second crushing impact hammer (107) through the inlet (108) of the primary crushing device;
3) a driving mechanism motor (88) rotates to drive a first driving belt pulley (81) to rotate, the first driving belt pulley (81) drives a first impact hammer rotating shaft (103) and a second impact hammer rotating shaft (105) to rotate, and then a first crushing impact hammer (102) and a second crushing impact hammer (107) rotate, so that garden garbage is preliminarily crushed, and the crushed garbage falls into a second-stage crushing device (3) through a space between the first impact hammer rotating shaft (103) and the second crushing impact hammer (107);
4) a driving motor (36) rotates to drive a rotary blade belt pulley (38) to rotate, so that a left spiral blade (31) and a right spiral blade (32) are driven to rotate, the left spiral blade (31) and the right spiral blade (32) cut the crushed garbage falling into a second-stage crushing device (3) from a first-stage crushing device (10), the crushed garbage is further crushed, and the crushed garbage enters a third-stage crushing device (4);
5) a driving mechanism motor (88) rotates to drive a second driving belt pulley (83) and a third driving belt pulley (84) to rotate, so as to drive a first crushing roller (41) and a second crushing roller (42) to rotate, the first crushing roller (41) and the second crushing roller (42) are meshed to thoroughly crush crushed garbage falling into a third-stage crushing device (4), and the garbage is thrown into a biodegradable device shell (61);
6) rainwater enters the biodegradable device shell (61) through the rainwater collecting device (1), and meanwhile the heat absorbing plate (9) absorbs sunlight heat to conduct the heat into the biodegradable device shell (61), so that the biodegradable device shell (61) is in a high-temperature wet state, and crushed garbage is broken and decomposed quickly.
CN202010477880.7A 2020-05-29 2020-05-29 Equipment for accelerating biodegradation of garden garbage Pending CN111558604A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113548919A (en) * 2021-07-29 2021-10-26 张风浩 Production facility of microbial fermentation preparation liquid fertilizer

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CN108636581A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-10-12 浙江明佳环保科技有限公司 A kind of organic waste grinding device
CN209953022U (en) * 2018-12-03 2020-01-17 郑州康晓科技有限公司 Novel mining waste treatment device

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN205340948U (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-06-29 张嘉强 Kibbling agricultural wastes rubbing crusher of two -stage biax
CN207210285U (en) * 2017-08-31 2018-04-10 寿光园林建设集团有限公司 A kind of mixed fertilizer manufacture device
CN207238177U (en) * 2017-08-31 2018-04-17 寿光园林建设集团有限公司 A kind of garden waste reducing mechanism
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CN113548919A (en) * 2021-07-29 2021-10-26 张风浩 Production facility of microbial fermentation preparation liquid fertilizer

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Application publication date: 20200821