CN111552047A - Wall pipeline optical cable laying method - Google Patents

Wall pipeline optical cable laying method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111552047A
CN111552047A CN202010541016.9A CN202010541016A CN111552047A CN 111552047 A CN111552047 A CN 111552047A CN 202010541016 A CN202010541016 A CN 202010541016A CN 111552047 A CN111552047 A CN 111552047A
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optical cable
traction
wall
fixed
screw rod
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CN202010541016.9A
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CN111552047B (en
Inventor
陈勇
陆崇湖
石刚
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New Three Technologies Co ltd
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New Three Technologies Co ltd
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS
    • G02B6/00Light guides; Structural details of arrangements comprising light guides and other optical elements, e.g. couplings
    • G02B6/46Processes or apparatus adapted for installing or repairing optical fibres or optical cables
    • G02B6/50Underground or underwater installation; Installation through tubing, conduits or ducts

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  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • General Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Optics & Photonics (AREA)
  • Light Guides In General And Applications Therefor (AREA)
  • Electric Cable Installation (AREA)
  • Laying Of Electric Cables Or Lines Outside (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of optical cable laying, in particular to a wall pipeline optical cable laying method. A wall duct cable laying apparatus comprising: support column, guiding mechanism and drive mechanism, wherein: the supporting column is vertically arranged on the ground; the guide mechanism comprises a first sliding seat, a connecting arm, a fixed shaft and a guide wheel; the traction mechanism comprises a support frame, a traction motor, a reel and a traction wire. The wall pipeline optical cable laying method utilizes the wall pipeline optical cable laying device to guide and draw the optical cable at the tail end of the pipeline, is convenient to operate, can meet the laying requirements of wall pipeline optical cables with different heights, and has better practicability.

Description

Wall pipeline optical cable laying method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of optical cable laying, in particular to a wall pipeline optical cable laying method.
Background
An optical cable is a communication line, which is composed of a cable core, a reinforcing steel wire, fillers, a coating sheath and the like. As network components move into thousands of households, the laying work of optical cables is increasing. The optical cable has overhead, direct-buried, pipeline and underwater laying modes. After the pipeline is laid, the optical cable penetrates out from the tail end of the pipeline, and the penetrated optical cable is pulled by an external device, so that the laying of the optical cable is completed. In the process of laying the optical cable in the wall pipeline, the optical cable is required to be pulled from top to bottom sometimes after the optical cable penetrates out of the tail end of the pipeline, the tail end of the pipeline can scratch the optical cable, the optical cable can also generate downward pulling force on the tail end of the pipeline, and the pulling force generated when the pulling force is large can cause the tail end of the pipeline to crack and a wall to crack.
The information disclosed in this background section is only for enhancement of understanding of the general background of the invention and should not be taken as an acknowledgement or any form of suggestion that this information forms the prior art already known to a person skilled in the art.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above-mentioned problems, an object of the present invention is to provide a method for laying an optical cable in a wall duct, so as to solve the problems that when the optical cable is pulled from top to bottom after the optical cable passes through the end of the wall duct, the end of the duct will scratch the optical cable, and also when the pulling force is large, the end of the duct will break and the wall will crack.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
a wall duct cable laying apparatus comprising: support column, guiding mechanism and drive mechanism, wherein: the supporting column is vertically arranged on the ground, a sliding groove is concavely arranged on the rear side surface of the supporting column, and a transmission screw rod is arranged in the sliding groove; the bottom end of the transmission screw rod is rotatably connected to the bottom end of the sliding chute, and the top end of the transmission screw rod extends towards the top end of the sliding chute; a driving motor is fixed at the top of the supporting column, an output shaft of the driving motor downwards penetrates through the top of the supporting column and then is connected with the top end of the transmission screw rod through a coupler, and the output shaft of the driving motor is rotatably connected with the supporting column; the guide mechanism comprises a first sliding seat, a connecting arm, a fixed shaft and a guide wheel, and the first sliding seat is accommodated in the sliding groove and is in threaded fit connection with the transmission screw rod; one end of the connecting arm is fixed on the first sliding seat; the fixed shaft is fixed at the end part of the connecting arm far away from the first sliding seat; the guide wheel is connected to the fixed shaft in a rotating manner; the traction mechanism comprises a support frame, a traction motor, a reel and a traction wire, wherein the support frame is horizontally arranged, the traction motor is fixed on the support frame, the reel is fixed on an output shaft of the traction motor, and the reel corresponds to the guide wheel in position; the traction wire is wound around the reel.
Preferably, the guide mechanism further comprises a second sliding seat and a supporting arm, the second sliding seat is accommodated in the sliding groove, is in threaded fit connection with the transmission screw rod, and is positioned below the first sliding seat; one end of the supporting arm is fixedly connected to the second sliding seat, and the other end of the supporting arm is fixedly connected to the connecting arm.
Preferably, the bottom of the supporting column is provided with a base plate, and the supporting frame is fixed on the base plate.
Preferably, a switch for controlling the driving motor and the traction motor is arranged on the side wall of the supporting column.
The invention also provides a wall pipeline optical cable laying method using the wall pipeline optical cable laying device, which comprises the following steps:
(1) threading the optical cable out of the wall duct;
(2) fixedly connecting a traction wire to the optical cable at the tail end of the wall pipeline;
(3) adjusting the height of the guide mechanism to enable the guide wheel to correspond to the height of the polished rod at the tail end of the wall pipeline;
(4) and opening a switch for controlling the traction motor, driving the reel to rotate by the traction motor, generating pulling force on the traction wire, and realizing traction on the optical cable at the tail end of the wall pipeline so as to finish laying of the optical cable of the wall pipeline.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
(1) the wall pipeline optical cable laying device is provided with a support column, a sliding groove is formed in the support column, a transmission screw rod is arranged in the sliding groove, and a driving motor for driving the transmission screw rod to rotate is arranged at the top of the support column. The driving motor rotates to drive the transmission screw rod to rotate, the transmission screw rod rotates to drive the guide mechanism to slide up and down along the sliding groove, and then the height of the guide mechanism can be adjusted to meet the requirement of laying wall pipeline optical cables with different heights.
(2) The wall pipeline optical cable laying device is provided with the guide mechanism, the guide mechanism can support the optical cable penetrating out of the tail end of the pipeline, the optical cable is prevented from generating pulling force on the pipeline when the optical cable is pulled downwards, and the tail end of the pipeline and the wall are prevented from cracking.
(3) The wall pipeline optical cable laying device is provided with the traction mechanism, and the traction motor in the traction mechanism is used for drawing the optical cable through the traction line, so that the labor intensity of manually drawing the optical cable can be reduced.
(4) The wall pipeline optical cable laying method utilizes the wall pipeline optical cable laying device to guide and draw the optical cable at the tail end of the pipeline, is convenient to operate, can meet the laying requirements of wall pipeline optical cables with different heights, and has better practicability.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a right side view of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a rear view of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of the guide mechanism of the present invention;
description of the main reference numerals:
100-supporting columns, 101-sliding grooves, 102-transmission screw rods, 103-driving motors, 104-base plates and 105-switches;
200-a guide mechanism, 201-a first slide seat, 202-a connecting arm, 203-a fixed shaft, 204-a guide wheel, 205-a second slide seat and 206-a supporting arm;
300-traction mechanism, 301-support frame, 302-traction motor, 303-reel, 304-traction wire.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the present invention will be described in detail and fully with reference to the accompanying drawings, and it should be understood that the described embodiments are only some embodiments, but not all embodiments, of the present invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the orientations or positional relationships indicated as the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc., appear based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings only for the convenience of describing the present invention and simplifying the description, but not for indicating or implying that the referred devices or elements must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and thus should not be construed as limiting the invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" should be interpreted broadly, e.g., as being fixed or detachable or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present application can be understood in a specific case to those skilled in the art.
Referring to fig. 1-4, a wall duct cable installation apparatus includes: support column 100, guide mechanism 200 and traction mechanism 300, wherein:
the supporting column 100 is vertically arranged on the ground, a sliding groove 101 is concavely arranged on the rear side surface of the supporting column 100, and a transmission screw rod 102 is arranged in the sliding groove 101; the bottom of transmission lead screw 102 rotates to be connected in the bottom of spout 101, realizes that the mode of transmission lead screw 102 bottom rotation connection in the bottom of spout 101 can be: a bearing is embedded at a position, corresponding to the transmission screw rod 102, at the bottom end of the sliding chute 101, the transmission screw rod 102 is connected to an inner ring of the bearing in an interference fit mode, and the top end of the transmission screw rod 102 extends towards the top end of the sliding chute 101; a driving motor 103 is fixed on the top of the supporting column 100, an output shaft of the driving motor 103 penetrates the top of the supporting column 100 downwards and then is connected with the top end of the transmission screw rod 102 through a coupling (not shown in the figure), and the output shaft of the driving motor 103 is rotatably connected with the supporting column 100. The way of realizing the rotational connection between the output shaft of the driving motor 103 and the supporting column 100 may be: the support column 100 is provided with a through hole at a position corresponding to the top end of the transmission screw rod 102, a bearing is arranged in the through hole, and an output shaft of the driving motor 103 is connected to the inner ring of the bearing in an interference fit manner.
The guide mechanism 200 comprises a first sliding seat 201, a connecting arm 202, a fixed shaft 203 and a guide wheel 204, wherein the first sliding seat 201 is accommodated in the sliding groove 101 and is in threaded fit connection with the transmission screw rod 102; one end of the connecting arm 202 is fixed on the first sliding seat 201; the fixed shaft 203 is fixed at the end of the connecting arm 202 far away from the first sliding seat 201; the guide wheel 204 is rotationally connected to the fixed shaft 203, and the guide wheel 204 is rotationally connected to the fixed shaft 203 in such a way that a bearing is embedded in the middle of the guide wheel 204, and the fixed shaft 203 is connected to the inner ring of the bearing in an interference fit way; in addition, in order to improve the stability of the connecting arm 202 in the traction process, the guide mechanism 200 further comprises a second sliding seat 205 and a supporting arm 206, wherein the second sliding seat 205 is accommodated in the sliding groove 101, is in threaded fit connection with the transmission screw rod 102, and is positioned below the first sliding seat 201; the support arm 206 has one end fixedly connected to the second slider 205 and one end fixedly connected to the connection arm 202.
The traction mechanism 300 comprises a support frame 301, a traction motor 302, a reel 303 and a traction wire 304, wherein the support frame 301 is horizontally arranged, the traction motor 302 is fixed on the support frame 301, the reel 303 is fixed on an output shaft of the traction motor 302, and the reel 303 corresponds to the guide wheel 204 in position; the pull wire 304 is wound around the reel 303, and the pull wire 3034 is a wire rope.
In this embodiment, the bottom of the supporting column 100 is provided with a base plate 104, and the supporting frame 301 is fixed on the base plate 104. The side wall of the support column 100 is provided with a switch 105 for controlling the driving motor 103 and the traction motor 302. It should be noted that both the drive motor 103 and the traction motor 302 are powered by an external power source.
In this embodiment, there is also provided a method for laying a wall duct optical cable by using the wall duct optical cable laying apparatus in this embodiment, including the following steps:
(1) threading the optical cable out of the wall duct;
(2) fixedly connecting a pull wire 304 to the optical cable at the end of the wall duct; it is understood that when the pulling wire 304 is fixedly connected to the optical cable, the pulling wire 304 needs to be removed from the reel 303, and the pulling wire 304 can be removed from the reel 303 only by controlling the reverse rotation of the pulling motor 302 through the switch 105; after the traction wire 304 is taken down to a proper length, the switch 105 for controlling the traction motor 302 is closed;
(3) adjusting the height of 200 of the guide mechanism to enable the guide wheels 204 to correspond to the height of the optical cable at the tail end of the wall pipeline; the method specifically comprises the following steps: the switch 105 controls the driving motor 103 to rotate, the driving motor 103 drives the transmission screw rod 102 to rotate, and the transmission screw rod 102 drives the first sliding seat 201 and the second sliding seat 205 to slide up and down along the sliding groove 101, so that the height of the guide mechanism 200 is adjusted; when the guide wheel 204 on the guide mechanism 200 is adjusted to correspond to the height of the optical cable at the tail end of the wall pipeline, the switch 105 of the driving motor 103 is closed; when the cable is pulled, the cable abuts against the upper part of the guide wheel 204 and then goes vertically downwards, so that when the cable is pulled, the cable only generates pulling force on the guide wheel 204;
(4) and opening a switch 105 for controlling the traction motor 302, wherein the traction motor 302 drives a reel 303 to rotate, and the traction wire 304 generates pulling force to realize traction on the optical cable at the tail end of the wall pipeline, so that the laying of the optical cable of the wall pipeline is completed. It will be understood that the switch 105 controls the traction motor 302 to rotate in the forward direction, so that the traction wire 304 generates a pulling force on the optical cable, and the laying of the optical cable in the wall duct can be completed.
The foregoing descriptions of specific exemplary embodiments of the present invention have been presented for purposes of illustration and description. It is not intended to limit the invention to the precise form disclosed, and obviously many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teaching. The exemplary embodiments were chosen and described in order to explain certain principles of the invention and its practical application to enable one skilled in the art to make and use various exemplary embodiments of the invention and various alternatives and modifications as are suited to the particular use contemplated. It is intended that the scope of the invention be defined by the claims and their equivalents.

Claims (5)

1. A wall duct cable installation apparatus, comprising: support column, guiding mechanism and drive mechanism, wherein:
the supporting column is vertically arranged on the ground, a sliding groove is concavely arranged on the rear side surface of the supporting column, and a transmission screw rod is arranged in the sliding groove; the bottom end of the transmission screw rod is rotatably connected to the bottom end of the sliding chute, and the top end of the transmission screw rod extends towards the top end of the sliding chute; a driving motor is fixed at the top of the supporting column, an output shaft of the driving motor downwards penetrates through the top of the supporting column and then is connected with the top end of the transmission screw rod through a coupler, and the output shaft of the driving motor is rotatably connected with the supporting column;
the guide mechanism comprises a first sliding seat, a connecting arm, a fixed shaft and a guide wheel, and the first sliding seat is accommodated in the sliding groove and is in threaded fit connection with the transmission screw rod; one end of the connecting arm is fixed on the first sliding seat; the fixed shaft is fixed at the end part of the connecting arm far away from the first sliding seat; the guide wheel is connected to the fixed shaft in a rotating manner;
the traction mechanism comprises a support frame, a traction motor, a reel and a traction wire, wherein the support frame is horizontally arranged, the traction motor is fixed on the support frame, the reel is fixed on an output shaft of the traction motor, and the reel corresponds to the guide wheel in position; the traction wire is wound around the reel.
2. A wall ducting cable laying apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the guide mechanism further comprises a second carriage and a support arm, the second carriage being received in the slide channel and being in threaded engagement with the drive screw and being located below the first carriage; one end of the supporting arm is fixedly connected to the second sliding seat, and the other end of the supporting arm is fixedly connected to the connecting arm.
3. A wall ducting cable routing apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the base plate is provided at the bottom of the support posts, the support brackets being secured to the base plate.
4. A wall ducting cabling arrangement as claimed in claim 1, wherein switches are provided on the side walls of the support posts for controlling the drive and traction motors.
5. A wall duct cabling method using the wall duct cabling apparatus of any one of claims 1 to 4, comprising the steps of:
(1) threading the optical cable out of the wall duct;
(2) fixedly connecting a traction wire to the optical cable at the tail end of the wall pipeline;
(3) adjusting the height of the guide mechanism to enable the guide wheel to correspond to the height of the polished rod at the tail end of the wall pipeline;
(4) and opening a switch for controlling the traction motor, driving the reel to rotate by the traction motor, generating pulling force on the traction wire, and realizing traction on the optical cable at the tail end of the wall pipeline so as to finish laying of the optical cable of the wall pipeline.
CN202010541016.9A 2020-06-15 2020-06-15 Wall pipeline optical cable laying device and method Active CN111552047B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN111552047B CN111552047B (en) 2022-08-16

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113007610A (en) * 2021-02-22 2021-06-22 武汉天瑞升信息工程有限公司 Construction device and method of pipeline optical cable monitoring system

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6086050A (en) * 1997-04-11 2000-07-11 Plumettaz S.A. Apparatus for pulling a traction cable through an underground pipe
US20060231268A1 (en) * 2005-04-15 2006-10-19 Wood Thomas D Apparatus and method for performing earth borehole operations
US20070077125A1 (en) * 2004-03-12 2007-04-05 Wien Kanal-Abwassertechnologien Gesmbh Cable laying configuration
CN104340944A (en) * 2014-10-13 2015-02-11 秦皇岛威立雅环保科技有限公司 Water feeding device for large-scale machine at four seasons
CN107193094A (en) * 2017-07-07 2017-09-22 山东太平洋光纤光缆有限公司 A kind of duct optical cable the construction line-putting device
CN209480950U (en) * 2019-01-23 2019-10-11 湖北凯乐科技股份有限公司 A kind of movable optical fiber cable automatic winding displacement apparatus
CN209640568U (en) * 2019-03-27 2019-11-15 邱容生 Telescopic support rack for optical cable dragger
CN210129697U (en) * 2019-06-18 2020-03-06 广州润铂晟信息技术有限公司 Shaft cable traction device and cable traction mounting structure

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6086050A (en) * 1997-04-11 2000-07-11 Plumettaz S.A. Apparatus for pulling a traction cable through an underground pipe
US20070077125A1 (en) * 2004-03-12 2007-04-05 Wien Kanal-Abwassertechnologien Gesmbh Cable laying configuration
US20060231268A1 (en) * 2005-04-15 2006-10-19 Wood Thomas D Apparatus and method for performing earth borehole operations
CN104340944A (en) * 2014-10-13 2015-02-11 秦皇岛威立雅环保科技有限公司 Water feeding device for large-scale machine at four seasons
CN107193094A (en) * 2017-07-07 2017-09-22 山东太平洋光纤光缆有限公司 A kind of duct optical cable the construction line-putting device
CN209480950U (en) * 2019-01-23 2019-10-11 湖北凯乐科技股份有限公司 A kind of movable optical fiber cable automatic winding displacement apparatus
CN209640568U (en) * 2019-03-27 2019-11-15 邱容生 Telescopic support rack for optical cable dragger
CN210129697U (en) * 2019-06-18 2020-03-06 广州润铂晟信息技术有限公司 Shaft cable traction device and cable traction mounting structure

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113007610A (en) * 2021-02-22 2021-06-22 武汉天瑞升信息工程有限公司 Construction device and method of pipeline optical cable monitoring system

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