CN111530600B - Edible oil preparation processing system - Google Patents

Edible oil preparation processing system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111530600B
CN111530600B CN202010372916.5A CN202010372916A CN111530600B CN 111530600 B CN111530600 B CN 111530600B CN 202010372916 A CN202010372916 A CN 202010372916A CN 111530600 B CN111530600 B CN 111530600B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
crushing
plate
box
rod
crushing box
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Application number
CN202010372916.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111530600A (en
Inventor
逯玉红
马妮娜
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GAO'AN QINGHE OIL Co.,Ltd.
Original Assignee
Gao'an Qinghe Oil Co ltd
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Priority to CN202010372916.5A priority Critical patent/CN111530600B/en
Publication of CN111530600A publication Critical patent/CN111530600A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/24Drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods
    • B02C19/10Mills in which a friction block is towed along the surface of a cylindrical or annular member
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/10Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator arranged in discharge path of crushing or disintegrating zone
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/14Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with more than one separator
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/18Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy
    • B02C23/20Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy after crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • B07B1/50Cleaning
    • B07B1/52Cleaning with brushes or scrapers
    • B07B1/522Cleaning with brushes or scrapers with brushes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F5/00Fertilisers from distillery wastes, molasses, vinasses, sugar plant or similar wastes or residues, e.g. from waste originating from industrial processing of raw material of agricultural origin or derived products thereof
    • C05F5/002Solid waste from mechanical processing of material, e.g. seed coats, olive pits, almond shells, fruit residue, rice hulls
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B15/00Machines or apparatus for drying objects with progressive movement; Machines or apparatus with progressive movement for drying batches of material in compact form
    • F26B15/10Machines or apparatus for drying objects with progressive movement; Machines or apparatus with progressive movement for drying batches of material in compact form with movement in a path composed of one or more straight lines, e.g. compound, the movement being in alternate horizontal and vertical directions
    • F26B15/12Machines or apparatus for drying objects with progressive movement; Machines or apparatus with progressive movement for drying batches of material in compact form with movement in a path composed of one or more straight lines, e.g. compound, the movement being in alternate horizontal and vertical directions the lines being all horizontal or slightly inclined
    • F26B15/14Machines or apparatus for drying objects with progressive movement; Machines or apparatus with progressive movement for drying batches of material in compact form with movement in a path composed of one or more straight lines, e.g. compound, the movement being in alternate horizontal and vertical directions the lines being all horizontal or slightly inclined the objects or batches of materials being carried by trays or racks or receptacles, which may be connected to endless chains or belts
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B23/00Heating arrangements
    • F26B23/04Heating arrangements using electric heating
    • F26B23/06Heating arrangements using electric heating resistance heating
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The invention relates to an edible oil preparation processing treatment system, which comprises a bottom plate, a crushing device, a spraying device, a conveying device and a drying device, wherein the crushing device is installed on the bottom plate, the conveying device is installed at the middle end of the bottom plate, and the spraying device and the drying device are installed on the conveying device; secondly, traditional oil residue breaker is incomplete to the breakage of oil residue, influences the fermentation quality of organic fertilizer to screen cloth blocking phenomenon can often take place when the oil residue is screened to the screen cloth, and manual handling is comparatively troublesome, influences the broken efficiency of oil residue.

Description

Edible oil preparation processing system
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of edible oil treatment, in particular to an edible oil preparation processing treatment system.
Background
The rapeseed is harvested, dried in the sun and then can be produced into edible oil through a squeezing process, residues in a cold filtration process during the production of vegetable oil through the squeezing process are called oil residues and are also called filter cakes, the oil residues contain more proteins compared with most organic matters for producing fertilizers at present, the oil residues are treated according to a common fermentation method at present, the proteins are thoroughly decomposed and release inorganic nitrogen for absorbing and utilizing of crops, the waste of high-quality nitrogen sources in the oil residues is caused, the oil residues are generally directly used as raw materials of organic fertilizers at present, and the oil residues are crushed and mixed with other organic matters to produce the organic fertilizers through fermentation.
However, the following problems exist in the conventional oil residue crushing process, namely, when the conventional oil residue is crushed, a crushing tool is often needed to manually crush the compact oil residue into particles, the manual oil residue crushing process wastes time and labor, the crushing efficiency is low, the smell of the oil residue is large, and the manual oil residue crushing process for a long time easily causes respiratory diseases to affect the health of workers; two, traditional dregs of fat breaker is incomplete to the breakage of dregs of fat, influences the fermentation quality of organic fertilizer to the screen cloth often can take place screen cloth blocking phenomenon when the dregs of fat are screened, and manual handling is comparatively troublesome, influences the broken efficiency of dregs of fat, can be broken even with the dregs of fat, improves the crushing efficiency and the effect of dregs of fat, the artificial intensity of labour of reduction.
Disclosure of Invention
Technical problem to be solved
The edible oil preparation processing treatment system provided by the invention can solve the problem of crushing the oil residue.
(II) technical scheme
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme that the edible oil preparation processing system comprises a bottom plate, a crushing device, a spraying device, a conveying device and a drying device, wherein the crushing device is installed on the bottom plate, the conveying device is installed at the middle end of the bottom plate, and the spraying device and the drying device are installed on the conveying device.
The crushing device comprises a feed inlet, a crushing box, a first motor, a power box, a first gear, a rotating shaft, a second gear, a crushing roller, a crushing knife, a scraping plate, a crushing box and L-shaped plates, wherein the front end and the rear end of the bottom plate are respectively provided with the L-shaped plates, the crushing box is arranged between the front L-shaped plate and the rear L-shaped plate, the upper end of the crushing box is provided with the crushing box, the outer wall of the right end of the crushing box is provided with the power box, the inner wall of the right end of the power box is provided with the first motor, the output end of the first motor is provided with the first gear, the first gear is provided with the rotating shaft, the left end of the rotating shaft passes through the right side of the crushing box and is arranged on the inner wall of the left end of the crushing box through a bearing, the left end of the rotating shaft passes through the right side of the crushing box and is arranged, the crushing roller is arranged in the crushing box on the rotating shaft and the rotating shaft, the crushing knives are evenly arranged on the crushing roller from the left end to the right end at intervals along the circumferential direction of the crushing roller, the scraping plates are arranged in the gaps of the crushing knives on the inner walls of the front end and the rear end of the crushing box, the crushing mechanism is arranged in the crushing box, the anti-blocking mechanism is arranged on the crushing box, the crushing operation can be carried out on the oil residues through the rotation of the crushing knives, and the crushing effect of the oil residues is ensured.
The crushing mechanism comprises a second motor, a long rotating rod, an inclined round rod, a buffering spring rod, an arc plate, a supporting plate, a third motor, a third gear, a fourth gear, a rotating round rod, a crushing roller, an inclined round tube and an inclined plate, wherein the inclined round tube is arranged between the inner walls of the front end and the rear end of the crushing box, the inclined plate is arranged at the left end of the inclined round tube, a groove is formed in the inner wall of the right end of the crushing box, the second motor is arranged in the groove, the long rotating rod is arranged at the output end of the second motor, the inclined round rod is arranged in the inclined round tube at the left end of the long rotating rod, the buffering spring rod is uniformly arranged on the outer wall of the inclined round rod from left to right along the circumferential direction of the inclined round rod, the arc plate is arranged on the buffering spring rod, the supporting plates are symmetrically arranged on the arc plate left and right, the rotating round rod is arranged on the supporting, and crushing roller supports tightly on oblique pipe inner wall, is located on the arc and installs No. three motors between the backup pad at left and right sides both ends, and No. four gears with No. three gear intermeshing are installed to No. three motor output, through the support tight cooperation between crushing roller and the oblique pipe, can carry out crushing operation to the dregs of fat, have improved the kibbling degree of consistency of dregs of fat.
The anti-blocking mechanism comprises a straight plate, a telescopic cylinder, a triangular plate, a sliding rod, a first hairbrush, a straight rod, a second hairbrush, an inclined screen mesh, a flat screen mesh, a first discharge port, a flat plate, a second discharge port, a first collection box, a third discharge port and a second collection box, wherein the first discharge port is installed at the lower end of the crushing box, the inclined screen mesh is installed between the inner walls of the front end and the rear end of the upper side of the crushing box, the right end of the inclined screen mesh is connected to an inclined plate, a straight groove is formed in the upper side of the inclined screen mesh at the front end of the crushing box, the sliding rod is installed in the straight groove in a sliding fit manner, the first hairbrush is installed in the crushing box at the rear end of the sliding rod, the flat screen mesh is installed between the inner walls of the front end and the rear end of the lower side of the crushing box, square grooves are symmetrically formed in the left side and the right side of the upper, the front ends of the straight rod and the sliding rod are provided with a triangular plate, the L-shaped plate positioned at the front end of the bottom plate is provided with a straight plate, the outer wall at the rear end of the straight plate is provided with a telescopic cylinder, the output end of the telescopic cylinder is connected with the triangular plate, the outer wall at the rear side of the crushing box is provided with a discharge chute mutually matched with the inclined screen mesh, the outer wall at the rear side of the crushing box is provided with a second discharge port mutually matched with the discharge chute, the outer wall at the rear side of the crushing box is provided with a flat plate at the lower end of the second discharge port, the flat plate is provided with a first collecting box, the outer wall at the rear side of the crushing box is provided with a flat groove mutually matched with the flat screen mesh, the outer wall at the rear side of the crushing box, the oil residue can be screened in multiple stages through the inclined screen and the flat screen, and the crushing uniformity of the oil residue is ensured.
Conveyor include square plate, baffle, No. four motors, rotatory roller, conveyer belt and No. three collecting boxes, the bottom plate on two sections bilateral symmetry install the square plate around, install rotatory roller through the round pin axle between the square plate inner wall at both ends about, the square plate upper end at both ends is connected through the baffle about, install No. four motors on the square plate rear end outer wall of right part rear side, No. four motor output passes the square plate and connects on rotatory roller, is connected through the conveyer belt between the rotatory roller at both ends about, install No. three collecting boxes on the conveyer belt, can carry the operation to the dregs of fat after the breakage.
Injection apparatus include rectangular board, water tank, water pump and injection pipe, the baffle upper end at both ends around be located discharge gate right-hand member and install the rectangular board, wear the groove has been seted up to the rectangular board middle-end, the water tank is installed to the rectangular board rear end, install in the water tank and have the water pump, the injection pipe is installed to the water pump output end, and the left end of injection pipe passes and wears the groove, can carry out moist operation to the dregs of fat.
Drying device include cardboard and heating wire, the baffle upper end at both ends around be located the rectangular board right-hand member and install the cardboard, seted up the arc wall on the cardboard, evenly install the heating wire along its circumference direction between the both ends inner wall about the arc wall, can dry the operation to the dregs of fat.
The first hairbrush and the inclined screen mesh are mutually matched for use, and the second hairbrush and the flat screen mesh are mutually matched for use, so that residual oil residues on the inclined screen mesh and the flat screen mesh can be timely swept, and the inclined screen mesh and the flat screen mesh are prevented from being blocked.
The bottom plate lower extreme evenly install the bracing piece, provide stable operational environment for the dregs of fat is broken.
(III) advantageous effects
1. The invention can solve the following problems existing in the prior oil residue crushing, i.e. when the traditional oil residue is crushed, a crushing tool is often needed to be manually used to beat the compact oil residue into particles, the manual oil residue crushing is time-consuming and labor-consuming, the crushing efficiency is low, the smell of the oil residue is large, the manual oil residue crushing for a long time is easy to infect respiratory diseases, and the health of workers is influenced; two, traditional dregs of fat breaker is incomplete to the breakage of dregs of fat, influences the fermentation quality of organic fertilizer to the screen cloth often can take place screen cloth blocking phenomenon when the dregs of fat are screened, and manual handling is comparatively troublesome, influences the broken efficiency of dregs of fat, can be broken even with the dregs of fat, improves the crushing efficiency and the effect of dregs of fat, the artificial intensity of labour of reduction.
2. According to the crushing device and the crushing mechanism designed by the invention, through the mutual matching operation among the feed inlet, the crushing box, the first motor, the power box, the first gear, the rotating shaft, the second gear, the crushing roller and the crushing knife, the crushing knife can perform primary crushing operation on the oil residues, and through the mutual matching operation among the second motor, the long rotating rod, the inclined round rod, the buffering spring rod, the arc plate, the supporting plate, the third motor, the third gear, the fourth gear, the rotating round rod, the crushing roller and the inclined round pipe, secondary crushing operation can be performed on the oil residues, so that the oil residues can be crushed more uniformly, the crushing efficiency and effect of the oil residues are ensured, and the fermentation quality of organic fertilizers is improved.
3. According to the anti-blocking mechanism, the conveying device, the injection device and the drying device, through the mutual matching operation among the telescopic cylinder, the triangular plate, the sliding rod, the first brush, the straight rod, the second brush, the inclined screen mesh and the flat screen mesh, the first brush and the second brush can sweep and collect oil residues left on the inclined screen mesh and the flat screen mesh, the screen mesh is prevented from being blocked, through the mutual matching operation among the square plate, the baffle, the fourth motor, the rotary roller, the conveying belt, the third collecting box, the long strip plate, the water tank, the water pump, the injection pipe, the clamping plate and the electric heating wire, the injection pipe can wet the oil residues in the third collecting box, the electric heating wire can dry the oil residues in the third collecting box, and the quality of the crushed oil residues is improved.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 1 of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of FIG. 2 in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of the invention taken along line K of FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view taken along line B-B of FIG. 4 in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a partial structure of the crushing apparatus according to the present invention.
Detailed Description
The embodiments of the invention will be described in detail below with reference to the drawings, but the invention can be implemented in many different ways as defined and covered by the claims.
As shown in fig. 1 to 6, the edible oil preparation processing system comprises a bottom plate 1, a crushing device 2, a spraying device 3, a conveying device 4 and a drying device 5, wherein the crushing device 2 is installed on the bottom plate 1, the conveying device 4 is installed at the middle end of the bottom plate 1, and the spraying device 3 and the drying device 5 are installed on the conveying device 4.
Conveyor 4 include square plate 41, baffle 42, No. four motor 43, rotatory roller 44, conveyer belt 45 and No. three collecting box 46, bottom plate 1 on two sections bilateral symmetry around install square plate 41, install rotatory roller 44 through the round pin axle between the square plate 41 inner wall of both ends about, the square plate 41 upper end of both ends about is connected through baffle 42, install No. four motor 43 on the square plate 41 rear end outer wall of right part rear side, No. four motor 43 output passes square plate 41 and connects on rotatory roller 44, is connected through conveyer belt 45 between the rotatory roller 44 at both ends about, install No. three collecting box 46 on the conveyer belt 45.
During specific work, the fourth motor 43 drives the rotating roller 44 to rotate, the rotating roller 44 drives the conveyor belt 45 to rotate, and the conveyor belt 45 drives the third collecting box 46 to move to the lower end of the first discharging port 22 j.
The crushing device 2 comprises a feeding port 2a, a crushing box 2b, a first motor 2c, a power box 2d, a first gear 2e, a rotating shaft 2f, a rotating shaft 2g, a second gear 2h, a crushing roller 2i, a crushing knife 2j, a scraping plate 2k, a crushing box 2L and an L-shaped plate 2m, wherein the front end and the rear end of the bottom plate 1 are respectively provided with the L-shaped plate 2m, the crushing box 2L is arranged between the front L-shaped plate 2m and the rear L-shaped plate 2m, the upper end of the crushing box 2L is provided with the crushing box 2b, the upper end of the crushing box 2b is provided with the feeding port 2a, the outer wall of the right end of the crushing box 2b is provided with the power box 2d, the inner wall of the right end of the power box 2d is provided with the first motor 2c, the output end of the first motor 2c is provided with the first gear 2e, the first gear 2e is provided with the rotating, install rotation axis 2g on the inner wall of power box 2d right-hand member rear side, rotation axis 2g left end passes broken case 2b right side and passes through the bearing to be installed on broken case 2b left end inner wall, locate No. two gears 2h with a gear 2e intermeshing on rotation axis 2g in power box 2d, locate broken case 2b on rotation axis 2f and rotation axis 2g and install crushing roller 2i, evenly install broken sword 2j along its circumferential direction from left end to right-hand member interval on the crushing roller 2i, lie in broken sword 2j clearance on the inner wall of both ends around broken case 2b and install scraping plate 2k, install rubbing crusher in 2l and construct 21, install on 2l rubbing crusher and prevent stifled mechanism 22.
During specific work, carry the crushing case 2b in through feed inlet 2a with the dregs of fat that need carry out kibbling, No. one motor 2c drives a gear 2e and rotates, No. one gear 2e drives axis of rotation 2f and rotates, and simultaneously, No. one gear 2e drives No. two gears 2h through gear engagement's mode and rotates, No. two gears 2h drive rotation axis 2g and rotate, rotation axis 2g and axis of rotation 2f drive crushing roller 2i and rotate, crushing roller 2i drives crushing sword 2j and rotates, make crushing sword 2j can carry out broken operation to the dregs of fat.
The crushing mechanism 21 comprises a second motor 21a, a long rotating rod 21b, an inclined round rod 21c, a buffering spring rod 21d, an arc-shaped plate 21e, a supporting plate 21f, a third motor 21g, a third gear 21h, a fourth gear 21i, a rotating round rod 21j, a crushing roller 21k, an inclined round pipe 21l and an inclined plate 21m, wherein the inclined round pipe 21l is arranged between the inner walls of the front end and the rear end of the crushing box 2l, the inclined plate 21m is arranged at the left end of the inclined round pipe 21l, a groove is formed in the inner wall of the right end of the crushing box 2l, the second motor 21a is arranged in the groove, the long rotating rod 21b is arranged at the output end of the second motor 21a, the left end of the long rotating rod 21b extends into the inclined round pipe 21l to be provided with the inclined round rod 21c, the buffering spring rod 21d is uniformly arranged on the outer wall of the inclined round rod 21c along the circumferential direction of the inclined round rod 21c, the buffering spring rod 21e is, the supporting plates 21f at the left end and the right end are provided with a rotating round rod 21j through pin shafts, the middle end of the rotating round rod 21j is provided with a third gear 21h, the left end and the right end of the rotating round rod 21j are provided with crushing rollers 21k, the crushing rollers 21k are tightly propped against the inner wall of the inclined round tube 21l, the arc-shaped plate 21e is provided with a third motor 21g between the supporting plates 21f at the left end and the right end, and the output end of the third motor 21g is provided with a fourth gear 21i meshed with the third gear 21 h.
After the dregs of fat are broken, the dregs of fat of small granule pass oblique screen cloth 22h and plain screen cloth 22i and fall into No. three collecting boxes 46 through a discharge gate 22j, the dregs of fat of bigger granule falls into oblique pipe 21l through swash plate 21m in, No. two motors 21a drive rectangular bull stick 21b and rotate, rectangular bull stick 21b drives oblique round stick 21c and rotates, and simultaneously, No. three motors 21g drive No. four gears 21i and rotate, No. four gears 21i drive No. three gears 21h through gear engagement's mode and rotate, No. three gears 21h drive rotation round stick 21j and rotate, it drives crushing roller 21k to rotate round stick 21j, make crushing roller 21k can carry out crushing operation to the dregs of bigger granule.
The anti-blocking mechanism 22 comprises a straight plate 22a, a telescopic cylinder 22b, a triangular plate 22c, a sliding rod 22d, a first brush 22e, a straight rod 22f, a second brush 22g, an inclined screen 22h, a flat screen 22i, a first discharge port 22j, a flat plate 22k, a second discharge port 22l, a first collection box 22m, a third discharge port 22n and a second collection box 22o, wherein the first discharge port 22j is arranged at the lower end of the crushing box 2l, the inclined screen 22h is arranged between the inner walls of the front end and the rear end of the upper side of the crushing box 2l, the right end of the inclined screen 22h is connected to an inclined plate 21m, a straight groove is formed in the upper side of the inclined screen 22h at the front end of the crushing box 2l, the sliding rod 22d is arranged in the straight groove in a sliding fit manner, the first brush 22e is arranged in the crushing box 2l at the rear end of the sliding rod 22d, the flat screen 22i is arranged between the inner walls of the front, the front end of a crushing box 2L is positioned on the upper side of a flat screen 22i and is bilaterally symmetrically provided with square grooves, a straight rod 22f is arranged in the square grooves in a sliding fit mode, the rear end of the straight rod 22f is positioned in the crushing box 2L and is provided with a second brush 22g, the front ends of the straight rod 22f and a sliding rod 22d are provided with a triangular plate 22c, an L-shaped plate 2m positioned at the front end of a bottom plate 1 is provided with a straight plate 22a, the outer wall of the rear end of the straight plate 22a is provided with a telescopic cylinder 22b, the output end of the telescopic cylinder 22b is connected on the triangular plate 22c, the outer wall of the rear side of the crushing box 2L is provided with a discharge chute which is matched with an inclined screen 22h, the outer wall of the rear side of the crushing box 2L is provided with a second discharge port 22L which is matched with the discharge chute, the outer wall of the rear side of the crushing box 2, the outer wall of the back side of the crushing box 2L is provided with a flat groove matched with the flat screen 22i for use, the outer wall of the back side of the crushing box 2L is provided with a third discharge hole 22n matched with the flat groove for use, and a second collection box 22o is arranged on an L-shaped plate 2m at the back end of the bottom plate 1.
The first hairbrush 22e and the inclined screen 22h are matched with each other, and the second hairbrush 22g and the flat screen 22i are matched with each other.
During specific work, the telescopic cylinder 22b pushes the triangular plate 22c to move towards the rear end, the triangular plate 22c drives the sliding rod 22d and the straight rod 22f to move towards the rear end, the sliding rod 22d drives the first brush 22e to move towards the rear end, the first brush 22e sweeps residual oil residues on the inclined screen 22h into the first collection box 22m through the second discharge hole 22l, the straight rod 22f drives the second brush 22g to move towards the rear end, the second brush 22g sweeps residual oil residues on the flat screen 22i into the second collection box 22o through the third discharge hole 22n, the inclined screen 22h and the flat screen 22i are swept, and blocking phenomena cannot occur.
Injection apparatus 3 include rectangular board 31, water tank 32, water pump 33 and injection pipe 34, the baffle 42 upper end at both ends around be located a discharge gate 22j right-hand member and install rectangular board 31, the cross slot has been seted up to the long board 31 middle-end, water tank 32 is installed to the long board 31 rear end, it has water pump 33 to install in the water tank 32, injection pipe 34 is installed to the water pump 33 output, and the left end of injection pipe 34 passes the cross slot.
The drying device 5 comprises a clamping plate 51 and heating wires 52, the clamping plate 51 is arranged at the right end of the strip plate 31 at the upper ends of the baffles 42 at the front end and the rear end, an arc-shaped groove is formed in the clamping plate 51, and the heating wires 52 are uniformly arranged between the inner walls at the left end and the right end of the arc-shaped groove along the circumferential direction of the arc-shaped groove.
During specific work, after the oil residue in the third collecting box 46 is filled to a proper quality, the fourth motor 43 drives the rotating roller 44 to rotate, the rotating roller 44 drives the conveying belt 45 to rotate, the conveying belt 45 drives the third collecting box 46 to move to the lower end of the long slat 31, the water pump 33 conveys water in the water tank 32 to the third collecting box 46 through the injection pipe 34, and meanwhile, the heating wire 52 dries the oil residue in the third collecting box 46 moving to the lower end of the clamping plate 51.
During operation
The first step is as follows: a fourth motor 43 drives a third collecting box 46 to move to the lower end of a first discharging hole 22j through a rotating roller 44 and a conveying belt 45, oil residues to be crushed are conveyed into a crushing box 2b through a feeding hole 2a, a first motor 2c drives a rotating shaft 2f to rotate through a first gear 2e, meanwhile, the first gear 2e drives a rotating shaft 2g to rotate through a second gear 2h, the rotating shaft 2g and the rotating shaft 2f drive a crushing knife 2j to rotate through a crushing roller 2i, and the crushing knife 2j performs crushing operation on the oil residues;
the second step is that: small-particle oil residues pass through the inclined screen 22h and the flat screen 22i and fall into the third collecting box 46 through the first discharging hole 22j, larger-particle oil residues fall into the inclined circular tube 21l through the inclined plate 21m, the second motor 21a drives the inclined circular rod 21c to rotate through the long rotating rod 21b, meanwhile, the third motor 21g drives the fourth gear 21i to rotate, the fourth gear 21i drives the third gear 21h to rotate, the third gear 21h drives the crushing roller 21k to rotate through the rotating circular rod 21j, and the crushing roller 21k performs crushing operation on the larger-particle oil residues;
the third step: the telescopic cylinder 22b drives the sliding rod 22d and the straight rod 22f to move towards the rear end through the triangular plate 22c, the sliding rod 22d drives the first brush 22e to move towards the rear end, the first brush 22e sweeps the oil residues left on the inclined screen 22h into the first collection box 22m through the second discharge hole 22l, the straight rod 22f drives the second brush 22g to move towards the rear end, and the second brush 22g sweeps the oil residues left on the flat screen 22i into the second collection box 22o through the third discharge hole 22 n;
the fourth step: the fourth motor 43 drives the conveyor belt 45 to rotate through the rotating roller, the conveyor belt 45 drives the third collecting box 46 to move to the lower end of the long slat 31, the water pump 33 conveys water in the water tank 32 into the third collecting box 46 through the injection pipe 34, and meanwhile, the heating wire 52 dries oil residues in the third collecting box 46 moving to the lower end of the clamping plate 51.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention and is not intended to limit the present invention, and various modifications and changes may be made by those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides an edible oil preparation processing system, includes bottom plate (1), reducing mechanism (2), injection apparatus (3), conveyor (4) and drying device (5), its characterized in that: the crushing device (2) is installed on the bottom plate (1), the conveying device (4) is installed at the middle end of the bottom plate (1), and the spraying device (3) and the drying device (5) are installed on the conveying device (4); wherein:
the crushing device (2) comprises a feed inlet (2a), a crushing box (2b), a first motor (2c), a power box (2d), a first gear (2e), a rotating shaft (2f), a rotating shaft (2g), a second gear (2h), a crushing roller (2i), a crushing knife (2j), a scraping plate (2k), a crushing box (2L) and an L-shaped plate (2m), wherein the front end and the rear end of the bottom plate (1) are respectively provided with the L-shaped plate (2m), the crushing box (2L) is arranged between the front L-shaped plate and the rear L-shaped plate (2m), the upper end of the crushing box (2L) is provided with the crushing box (2b), the feed inlet (2a) is arranged at the upper end of the crushing box (2b), the power box (2d) is arranged on the outer wall of the right end of the crushing box (2b), the first motor (2c) is arranged on the inner wall of the right end of the power box (2d, a first gear (2e) is provided with a rotating shaft (2f), the left end of the rotating shaft (2f) penetrates through the right side of the crushing box (2b) and is arranged on the inner wall of the left end of the crushing box (2b) through a bearing, a rotating shaft (2g) is arranged on the inner wall of the rear side of the right end of the power box (2d), the left end of the rotating shaft (2g) penetrates through the right side of the crushing box (2b) and is arranged on the inner wall of the left end of the crushing box (2b) through a bearing, a second gear (2h) which is meshed with the first gear (2e) is arranged in the power box (2d) on the rotating shaft (2g), crushing rollers (2i) are arranged in the crushing box (2b) on the rotating shaft (2f) and the rotating shaft (2g), crushing knives (2j) are uniformly arranged on the crushing rollers (2i) at intervals along the circumferential direction of the crushing rollers, scraping plates (2k) are arranged in gaps between the crushing knives (2j, a crushing mechanism (21) is arranged in the crushing box (2l), and an anti-blocking mechanism (22) is arranged on the crushing box (2 l);
the crushing mechanism (21) comprises a second motor (21a), a long rotating rod (21b), an inclined round rod (21c), a buffer spring rod (21d), an arc plate (21e), a supporting plate (21f), a third motor (21g), a third gear (21h), a fourth gear (21i), a rotating round rod (21j), crushing rollers (21k), an inclined round pipe (21l) and an inclined plate (21m), wherein the inclined round pipe (21l) is installed between the inner walls of the front end and the rear end of the crushing box (2l), the inclined plate (21m) is installed at the left end of the inclined round pipe (21l), a groove is formed in the inner wall of the right end of the crushing box (2l), the second motor (21a) is installed in the groove, the long rotating rod (21b) is installed at the output end of the second motor (21a), the long rotating rod (21b) extends into the inclined round pipe (21l) to be installed with the inclined round rod (21c), the outer wall of the inclined round rod (21c) is uniformly provided with a buffer spring rod (21d) from left to right along the circumferential direction of the inclined round rod, the buffer spring rod (21d) is provided with an arc-shaped plate (21e), the arc-shaped plate (21e) is provided with support plates (21f) in bilateral symmetry, the support plates (21f) at the left end and the right end are provided with a rotating round rod (21j) through pin shafts, the middle end of the rotating round rod (21j) is provided with a third gear (21h), the left end and the right end of the rotating round rod (21j) are provided with crushing rollers (21k), the crushing rollers (21k) are tightly propped against the inner wall of the inclined round tube (21l), a third motor (21g) is arranged between the support plates (21f) at the left end and the right end on the arc-shaped plate (21e), and the output end of the third motor (21g) is;
the anti-blocking mechanism (22) comprises a straight plate (22a), a telescopic cylinder (22b), a triangular plate (22c), a sliding rod (22d), a first brush (22e), a straight rod (22f), a second brush (22g), an inclined screen (22h), a flat screen (22i), a first discharge port (22j), a flat plate (22k), a second discharge port (22l), a first collection box (22m), a third discharge port (22n) and a second collection box (22o), wherein the first discharge port (22j) is installed at the lower end of the crushing box (2l), the inclined screen (22h) is installed between the inner walls of the front end and the rear end of the upper side of the crushing box (2l), the right end of the inclined screen (22h) is connected to an inclined plate (21m), a straight groove is formed in the position, at the inclined side, of the front end of the crushing box (2l), and the straight groove is internally provided with the sliding rod (22d) in a sliding fit manner, the rear end of the sliding rod (22d) is positioned in the crushing box (2L) and is provided with a first brush (22e), a flat screen (22i) is arranged between the inner walls of the front end and the rear end of the lower side of the crushing box (2L), the front end of the crushing box (2L) is positioned on the upper side of the flat screen (22i) and is bilaterally symmetrical to form a square groove, a straight rod (22f) is arranged in the square groove in a sliding fit mode, the rear end of the straight rod (22f) is positioned in the crushing box (2L) and is provided with a second brush (22g), the front ends of the straight rod (22f) and the sliding rod (22d) are provided with a triangular plate (22c), a straight plate (22a) is arranged on an L-shaped plate (2m) positioned at the front end of the bottom plate (1), a telescopic cylinder (22b) is arranged on the outer wall of the rear end of the straight plate (22a), the output end of the telescopic cylinder (22b) is connected to the triangular plate (22, a second discharge port (22L) matched with the discharge chute for use is arranged on the outer wall of the rear side of the crushing box (2L), a flat plate (22k) is arranged at the lower end of the second discharge port (22L) on the outer wall of the rear side of the crushing box (2L), a first collection box (22m) is arranged on the flat plate (22k), a flat groove matched with the flat screen (22i) for use is formed in the outer wall of the rear side of the crushing box (2L), a third discharge port (22n) matched with the flat groove for use is arranged on the outer wall of the rear side of the crushing box (2L), and a second collection box (22o) is arranged on an L-shaped plate (2m) at the rear end of the bottom plate (1); the conveying device (4) comprises square plates (41), baffles (42), a fourth motor (43), a rotating roller (44), a conveying belt (45) and a third collecting box (46), the square plates (41) are symmetrically arranged on the front section and the rear section of the bottom plate (1) in a left-right mode, the rotating roller (44) is arranged between the inner walls of the square plates (41) at the left end and the right end through a pin shaft, the upper ends of the square plates (41) at the left end and the right end are connected through the baffles (42), the outer wall of the rear end of the square plate (41) at the rear side of the right part is provided with the fourth motor (43), the output end of the fourth motor (43) penetrates through the square plates (41) and is connected to the rotating roller (44), the rotating rollers (44) at the left end and the right end are connected through the conveying belt (45); injection apparatus (3) including rectangular board (31), water tank (32), water pump (33) and injection pipe (34), baffle (42) upper end at both ends around be located discharge gate (22j) right-hand member and install rectangular board (31), the trough has been seted up to rectangular board (31) middle-end, water tank (32) are installed to rectangular board (31) rear end, install in water tank (32) and have water pump (33), injection pipe (34) are installed to water pump (33) output, and the left end of injection pipe (34) passes the trough.
2. The edible oil preparation processing and treatment system of claim 1, wherein: drying device (5) include cardboard (51) and heating wire (52), baffle (42) upper end at both ends around be located rectangular board (31) right-hand member and install cardboard (51), seted up the arc wall on cardboard (51), evenly install heating wire (52) along its circumferential direction between the both ends inner wall about the arc wall.
3. The edible oil preparation processing and treatment system of claim 1, wherein: the first hairbrush (22e) and the inclined screen (22h) are matched with each other, and the second hairbrush (22g) and the flat screen (22i) are matched with each other.
4. The edible oil preparation processing and treatment system of claim 1, wherein: the lower end of the bottom plate (1) is uniformly provided with a support rod (11).
CN202010372916.5A 2020-05-06 2020-05-06 Edible oil preparation processing system Active CN111530600B (en)

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CN111940469B (en) * 2020-08-19 2021-07-20 任悠悠 Metal solid waste recovery processing system
CN111957415B (en) * 2020-08-20 2021-04-30 重庆工港致慧增材制造技术研究院有限公司 Preparation, processing and treatment method of 3D printing material
CN112209394A (en) * 2020-09-25 2021-01-12 陶川 Bentonite preparation processing system

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