CN111527986B - Method for planting ganoderma lucidum wood-segment fungus sticks made of camellia oleifera branches in camellia oleifera forest - Google Patents

Method for planting ganoderma lucidum wood-segment fungus sticks made of camellia oleifera branches in camellia oleifera forest Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN111527986B
CN111527986B CN202010512673.0A CN202010512673A CN111527986B CN 111527986 B CN111527986 B CN 111527986B CN 202010512673 A CN202010512673 A CN 202010512673A CN 111527986 B CN111527986 B CN 111527986B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fungus
camellia oleifera
planting
ganoderma
wood
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN202010512673.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN111527986A (en
Inventor
曾广宇
马锦林
蓝金宣
赵志珩
梁文汇
李军集
闫鼎羽
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Forestry Research Institute
Original Assignee
Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Forestry Research Institute
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Forestry Research Institute filed Critical Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Forestry Research Institute
Priority to CN202010512673.0A priority Critical patent/CN111527986B/en
Publication of CN111527986A publication Critical patent/CN111527986A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN111527986B publication Critical patent/CN111527986B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • A01G18/20Culture media, e.g. compost
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • A01G18/40Cultivation of spawn
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • A01G18/70Harvesting

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for planting ganoderma lucidum wood-segment fungus sticks made from camellia oleifera branches in a camellia oleifera forest, which comprises the following steps: 1) selecting short wood sections of the camellia oleifera branches, bundling the short wood sections, and filling the short wood sections into fungus bags; 2) spreading the nutrients onto the wood segments; 3) preparing a tea-oil tree branch wood segment purple ganoderma lucidum fungus stick; 4) selecting and planting tea-oil tree forest land with more than 3 years for planting ganoderma sinense; 5) obliquely placing the fungus sticks in the dug holes or ditches, wherein the planting density is 2-4 sticks per square meter; 6) when the stipe grows to 5-8cm high, cutting off the mixed irrigation within 30cm of the radius beside the stipe; 7) harvesting the first crop in 6-8 months and harvesting the second crop in 10 months every year; 8) in the first 4 years after the second crop is harvested every year after the Ganoderma lucidum is planted, the exposed part of the fungus stick is covered with soil again in the beginning of 11 months, and then grass, leaves or branches are covered on the exposed part. The method of the invention can not only improve the utilization rate of the camellia oleifera woodland and achieve the aim of ploughing, replacing and stroking, but also fully utilize the camellia oleifera operation residues and fully utilize the substances.

Description

Method for planting ganoderma lucidum wood-segment fungus sticks made of camellia oleifera branches in camellia oleifera forest
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of edible and medicinal fungus cultivation, in particular to a method for manufacturing ganoderma lucidum wood section fungus sticks by using camellia oleifera branches and ecologically planting ganoderma sinense in camellia oleifera forests.
Background
Camellia oleifera (camellia) is a plant in the camellia family and the camellia genus, and is one of the most important woody oil tree species in China. Aiming at the problems that no profit is generated 5 years before camellia oleifera is planted, the yield benefit of a camellia oleifera forest land at the fruit bearing initial stage is not high, the potential of the forest land is not fully excavated, and a large amount of branch residues obtained by high-grafting crown changing, felling updating or tree shape trimming and the like are required to be reused for large-area original low-yield forest stands of camellia oleifera.
Ganoderma sinense (also known as Ganoderma lucidum), Ganoderma lucidum and Ganoderma sinense (Meyer) Merr. contains multiple active ingredients, and has effects of regulating immunity, resisting tumor, resisting cancer, improving blood circulation, nourishing brain, strengthening body, diminishing inflammation, and promoting urination. At present, main ganoderma cultivars are ganoderma lucidum, ganoderma antlers, ganoderma sinense and the like, main ganoderma sinense cultivation modes are indoor (greenhouse) cultivation, small part of ganoderma sinense is wild-simulated cultivation that ganoderma lucidum fungus sticks are manufactured by using specific logs of several tree species in fagaceae as log raw materials and then buried in arbor forest land, and no report of a method for manufacturing ganoderma sinense wood fungus sticks by using camellia branches of camellia in camellia and ecologically planting ganoderma sinense under shrub type tree species camellia trees is reported.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a method for manufacturing ganoderma lucidum wood-segment fungus sticks by using camellia oleifera branches and ecologically planting the ganoderma lucidum wood-segment fungus sticks in camellia oleifera forests, which can improve the utilization rate of camellia oleifera forests, achieve the aim of cultivating and fostering, fully utilize camellia oleifera operation residues and realize the recycling of substances.
The invention realizes the aim by the following technical scheme:
the invention discloses a method for planting ganoderma lucidum wood-segment fungus sticks in a camellia oleifera forest by using camellia oleifera branches, which comprises the following operation steps:
1) treating the camellia oleifera branch wood sections: selecting oil tea branches with the diameter larger than 1.0cm, and sawing the branches into short wood sections with the length of 18 cm; tightly binding a plurality of short wood sections by using ropes to form an approximate cylindrical large wood section with the diameter of 10-20 cm; then the bundled wood sections are put into a fungus bag;
2) preparing nutrients: the nutrient is prepared by mixing the following raw materials in percentage by weight: 15% of potash magnesium sulphate fertilizer, 25% of limestone, 30% of corn flour, 15% of ammonium bicarbonate and 15% of diammonium hydrogen phosphate, mixing the raw materials, crushing the mixture, sieving the mixture by a 60-mesh sieve, directly scattering the mixture powder on the wood sections in the step 1), applying 45g of the mixture powder to each bag of fungus sticks, and binding the two ends of each fungus bag by ropes;
3) preparing tea-oil tree branch wood segment purple ganoderma lucidum fungus sticks: sterilizing the fungus bags obtained in the step 2) at a high temperature of 120 ℃ for 8h, naturally cooling to a temperature below 30 ℃, respectively inoculating Ganoderma sinense strains at two ends of a wood segment, and then placing the wood segment into a culture room at a temperature of 25-28 ℃ for culturing for 50-60d until the wood segment is full of hyphae and the hyphae begin to become yellowish;
4) selecting an appropriate planting area under an shrub type camellia oleifera forest to plant ganoderma sinense: selecting a shrub type camellia oleifera forest land for 3-5 years, avoiding planting ganoderma sinense in a noon sun direct-lighting area and within 40cm of radius around a camellia oleifera tree pocket, and planting ganoderma sinense in the rest range; selecting a shrub type camellia oleifera forest land for planting for more than 6 years, avoiding planting ganoderma sinense in a radius of 40cm around a camellia oleifera pocket, and planting all other areas; 5) planting method and density: firstly, cutting off the fungus bags, taking out fungus sticks, obliquely placing the fungus sticks in the dug holes or ditches, covering the fungus sticks with fine soil, exposing one corner of the fungus stick with the height of 2cm so that the fungus stick can better contact with air, and properly pressing soil around the fungus sticks to prevent the periphery of the fungus stick from forming a cavity, wherein the surface of the fungus stick is not suitable for pressing, and the planting density is 2-4 sticks per square meter in a suitable planting area;
6) and (4) taking management and protection measures: when the stipe grows to 5-8cm high, cutting off the miscellaneous irrigation in the radius of 30cm beside the stipe, preventing the young buds at the tip of the stipe from being scraped when the miscellaneous irrigation swings with wind, causing the miscellaneous irrigation to be easily infected, ensuring the growth shape of the lucid ganoderma, and avoiding manual watering, applying any fertilizer and spraying any pesticide in the whole growth period;
7) harvesting and processing: for the area with the altitude less than 500m, 6-8 months per year, when the color of the edge of the ganoderma pileus is the same as that of the middle part of the ganoderma pileus, the first crop can be harvested when spore powder appears on the pileus, when the first crop is harvested, the stipe is cut at the position close to the ground surface, stipes are left so that the second crop of ganoderma grows on the stipes in the year, the second crop of ganoderma is mature in 10 months, and when the ganoderma pileus is harvested, the stipes are held by fingers and rotated, and then the stipes are pulled out; for the area with the altitude of more than 500m, only one crop is harvested every year, and during harvesting, the stipe is held by fingers and the stipes are pulled out after rotating;
8) and (3) postharvest management and protection: in the first 4 years after planting ganoderma sinense, at the beginning of 11 months every year, the exposed part of the fungus stick is covered by soil again, and then grass, leaves or branches with the thickness of 4cm are covered on the exposed part of the fungus stick, so as to preserve moisture and pass the winter.
The method of the invention has the following advantages:
1) according to the invention, the ganoderma lucidum fungus sticks can be successfully cultured by utilizing the camellia oleifera branch wood segments and adding the nutrients, the growth activity of hyphae in the fungus sticks is strong, and the fungus sticks can be integrated with the camellia oleifera branch wood segments, so that the ganoderma lucidum fungus sticks are suitable for field cultivation.
2) The invention plants the good purple ganoderma lucidum fungus sticks in the suitable area of the shrub-type camellia oleifera forest of each tree age stage, and the good purple ganoderma lucidum fungus sticks can grow well without any facilities and artificial watering.
3) The invention can harvest one crop in the same year by using the camellia oleifera branch wood segment to cultivate ganoderma sinense, and then harvest 1-2 crops every year, and can continuously harvest for more than 4 years until the nutrition of the camellia oleifera branch wood segment is utilized. The lucid ganoderma harvested in the field cultivation under the camellia oleifera forest has higher quality due to the fact that the lucid ganoderma absorbs the land gas in the camellia oleifera forest, the price is 4-7 times of the greenhouse cultivation price, and the lucid ganoderma has very good economic and nutritional values.
Detailed Description
The technical solution of the present invention is further illustrated by the following specific examples.
The method for planting the ganoderma lucidum wood-segment fungus sticks in the camellia oleifera forest by using the camellia oleifera branches comprises the following specific operation steps:
1. raw material treatment for preparation of tea-oil tree branch wood segment purple ganoderma lucidum fungus stick
Selecting oil tea branches with the diameter larger than 1.0cm, and sawing the branches into short wood sections with the length of 18 cm; tightly connecting a plurality of short wood sections together, and tightly binding the short wood sections in the middle of the wood sections by using ropes to form an approximately cylindrical large wood section with the diameter of 16 cm; and then the bundled wood sections are filled into a fungus bag.
2. Formulated nutrition and use
Preparing nutrients: mixing the following raw materials in percentage by weight: 15% of potash magnesium sulphate fertilizer, 25% of limestone, 30% of corn flour, 15% of ammonium bicarbonate and 15% of diammonium hydrogen phosphate, the raw materials are mixed and crushed to 60 meshes, the crushed mixture powder is directly scattered on wood sections, 45g of the mixture powder is applied to each bag of fungus sticks, and the two ends of each fungus bag are bound by ropes.
3. Preparation of tea-oil tree branch wood segment purple ganoderma lucidum fungus stick
And (3) sterilizing the fungus bags obtained in the step (2) at a high temperature of 120 ℃ for 8h, naturally cooling to below 30 ℃, respectively inoculating ganoderma sinense strains at two ends of a wood segment, putting the wood segment into a culture room at a temperature of 25-28 ℃ for culturing for 50-60d until the wood segment is full of hyphae, and the hyphae begin to become yellowish.
4. Camellia oleifera forest with different ages and suitable planting area under forest
The tea-oil tree is an shrub type tree species and is different from arbor characteristics according to the ecological factors under the forest. The shrub type camellia oleifera woodland planted for 1-3 years is not suitable for planting ganoderma sinense; planting 3-5 years of shrub type camellia oleifera forest land, avoiding planting ganoderma sinense in the noon sun direct illumination area and 40cm radius around the camellia oleifera tree pocket, and planting ganoderma sinense in the rest areas; the shrub type camellia oleifera forest land with the planting period of more than 6 years avoids planting ganoderma sinense in the radius of 40cm around the camellia oleifera pocket, and all other areas can be planted.
5. Planting method and density
Firstly, cutting off the fungus bags by scissors, taking out fungus sticks, obliquely placing the fungus sticks in the dug holes (ditches), covering the fungus sticks with fine soil, exposing one corner of the fungus stick with the height of 2cm so that the fungus stick can better contact with air, and properly pressing soil around the fungus stick to prevent the periphery of the fungus stick from forming a cavity, wherein the surface of the fungus stick is not suitable for pressing, and the planting density is 2-4 sticks per square meter in a suitable planting area.
6. Measures for management and protection
When the stipe grows to 5-8cm high, the miscellaneous irrigation beside the stipe within 30cm of radius is cut off, so that young buds at the tip of the stipe are prevented from being scraped when the miscellaneous irrigation swings along with wind, the miscellaneous irrigation is prevented from being easily infected, and the growth shape of the lucid ganoderma can be ensured. No manual watering, any fertilizer application and any pesticide spraying are needed in the whole growth period.
7. Harvesting and processing
For the area with the elevation less than 500m, 6-8 months per year, when the color of the edge of the ganoderma pileus is the same as that of the middle part, the first crop can be harvested when spore powder appears on the pileus, when the first crop is harvested, the stipe is cut at the position close to the ground surface by using a pair of branch scissors, fungus feet are left so that the second crop of ganoderma lucidum grows on the stipes in the year, the second crop of ganoderma lucidum is mature in 10 months, and the fungus feet are pulled out after the stipes are held by fingers to rotate during harvesting; for the area with the altitude of more than 500m, only one crop is harvested every year, and the stipe is held by fingers to rotate and then the fungus feet are pulled out during harvesting.
8. After-production management and protection
In the first 4 years after planting Ganoderma, collecting the second crop every year, covering the exposed part of the fungus stick due to rain wash and collection with soil at the beginning of 11 months, and covering with 4cm thick grass, leaf or branch for keeping moisture and overwintering.
The following are applications of the present invention and comparative examples
Example 1: effect comparison of different treatments of camellia branch wood section and inoculation of different ganoderma lucidum variety fungus stick preparation
1) Raw material treatment for preparation of tea-oil tree branch wood segment purple ganoderma lucidum fungus stick
Selecting a thick camellia oleifera branch with the length of more than 1.0cm, and sawing the camellia oleifera branch into short wood sections with the length of 18 cm; the short wood sections are tightly tied together, and the short wood sections are tightly tied in the middle of the wood sections by using ropes to form an approximately cylindrical wood section with the diameter of 16 cm; and (4) putting the bundled wood sections into a fungus bag.
2) Preparation and application of nutrient material
Processing method 1 (CK): no substance was added.
The treatment method 2 comprises the following steps: mixing the following raw materials in percentage by weight: 15% of potash magnesium sulphate fertilizer, 30% of corn flour, 25% of limestone, 15% of ammonium bicarbonate and 15% of diammonium hydrogen phosphate, crushing the mixed substances to 60 meshes, directly scattering the mixed substances on wood sections, applying 45g of the mixed substances to each bag of fungus sticks, and binding the two ends of each fungus bag by ropes.
3) Preparation of tea-oil tree branch wood segment purple ganoderma lucidum and black ganoderma lucidum fungus sticks
Sterilizing the fungus bag containing the wood segments at 120 deg.C for 8 hr, naturally cooling to below 30 deg.C, and inoculating 50 sticks of Ganoderma sinense strain and Ganoderma black strain to the wood segments.
Culturing: placing the inoculated wood segments into a culture room at 25-28 deg.C, and culturing for 50-60d until the wood segments are mostly full of mycelia and the mycelia become yellowish.
The effect is as follows:
inoculating black ganoderma fungus bags: the inoculation success rate is zero when no substance is added into the fungus bags; the inoculation success rate of the fungus bags inoculated with the nutrient materials is only 32.6 percent. Therefore, the black ganoderma lucidum is not suitable for using camellia oleifera branches as the culture material for the time being.
Inoculating a fungus bag of ganoderma sinense: the inoculation success rate of the fungus bag without any substance is 54.5 percent; the inoculation success rate of the fungus bags inoculated with the nutrient materials is 92.6 percent. Therefore, the dark green ganoderma can better utilize the camellia branch.
Example 2: comparison of effects of planting ganoderma lucidum in different areas under camellia oleifera forest
1) Preparation of fungus stick
Selecting a thick camellia oleifera branch with the length of more than 1.0cm, and sawing the camellia oleifera branch into short wood sections with the length of 18 cm; the short wood sections are tightly tied together, and the middle of each wood section is tightly tied by a rope to form an approximately cylindrical wood section with the diameter of 16 cm; and (4) filling the bundled wood sections into a fungus bag. Sterilizing the fungus bags filled with wood segments at 120 deg.C for 8h, naturally cooling to below 30 deg.C, inoculating Ganoderma lucidum strain, and culturing for 52 days to obtain fungus sticks with length of 18cm and diameter of 16 cm. The fungus stick is full of ganoderma lucidum hypha, no infection exists, and part of hypha on the surface of the fungus stick begins to turn yellow and mature.
2) Planting site
The test point is located in Guangxi, the camellia oleifera is planted in the fourth year, the planting density is 100 plants/mu, the row spacing is 2 x 3m, the plants are closed, and the rows are about 80cm wide and are not covered by camellia oleifera branches. The tea-oil tree forest land three weeks before the ganoderma lucidum fungus sticks are planted is subjected to weeding and tending according to the conventional actions of the tea-oil trees, and weeds under the forest are all hoed.
3) Planting method
The fungus sticks are transversely placed and planted along the contour line, the distance between the first row and the stump is 40cm, each row is planted with 30 sticks, and the distance between the two sticks is 60 cm; the vertical contour lines are separated into second lines of 50cm, 5 lines of ganoderma lucidum fungus sticks are planted between every two lines of camellia oleifera trees, the lines are 1-5 lines from top to bottom in sequence, and each line is treated one by one; total 150 rods. Digging a hole with the specification of 20 multiplied by 15cm, removing a plastic bag from a bag of ganoderma lucidum fungus stick, putting the bag in the hole flatly, covering soil on the fungus stick with fine soil with the thickness of 2-3 cm, and leaving the forest land free of shed building and artificial watering, and allowing the fungus stick to grow naturally after planting; and the tea-oil trees are mowed and nurtured once every 2 months.
Harvesting in 6-7 months every year, wherein harvesting is carried out firstly, the first crop is ripe and harvested firstly, when the first crop is harvested, the stipe is cut at the position close to the ground surface by using pruning shears, the stipes are left so that the second crop of ganoderma lucidum grows on the stipes in the year, the second crop of ganoderma lucidum is ripe in 10 months, and when the first crop is harvested, the stipes are held by fingers to rotate, and then the stipes are pulled out.
4) Observation record
Recording and observing the growth condition of the ganoderma lucidum in each year and relevant data, wherein the data comprise total yield, stipe length, stipe diameter, pileus thickness, maturation time, midway death number, whether overlapping pileus exists and the like of each row, and collecting and counting the yield of the ganoderma lucidum in the first 4 years. And counting and summarizing the data in each year to obtain an average value.
5) Yield results
Yield table for four years before purple ganoderma lucidum in different forest regions under camellia oleifera forest
From the above table and other observations, it can be seen that a small portion will be produced in about 10 months after the first round is collected in the first 4 years each month. The fifth row yields the highest, followed by the fourth row, the first row, and the second row. The yield of the third row is lowest, most of the lucid ganoderma withers or is damaged by worms in the growth process, and the yield is only 37.5 percent of the highest yield; all the lucid ganoderma grows normally in the first two months, buds germinate, and in the process of elongation growth of the buds, the third row of continuous buds grow mould and die. As can be seen from the above table, the yield difference between the third row and the other 4 rows is significant, and the yield difference between the other 4 rows is not significant.
6) Fruiting body of Ganoderma lucidum
General table for appearance of ganoderma sinense planted in different areas under camellia oleifera forest
Outer shape First row Second row Third row Fourth line The fifth element
Average length of stipe (cm) 8.1 6.8 2.9 7.1 8.3
Average diameter of fungus stalk (mm) 12.3 13.1 17.7 13.7 11.8
Average diameter of pileus (cm) 10.5 11.7 6.6 11.0 10.2
Average pileus thickness (mm) 11.6 11.4 7.5 10.7 11.3
Mean time to maturity (d) 107 102 88 103 109
Death number (flower) 2 2 11 1 0
Whether there is a stacked pileus Wu (N) Wu (N) Is composed of (Y) Wu (N) Wu (N)
In the table above, most of the fungus sticks in the third row can grow stipes from the soil layer in the early stage, but the tender parts at the top ends of the stipes start to change from purple red to grey white after the stipes grow to expose 2-4cm of the ground, and then the tender parts die; after some bacteria grow to cover, the later period of worm-eating, mildew and blackening death, the average death number of the group reaches 11, and the number accounts for 55.0 percent of the total bacteria. Few fungus sticks grow into lucid ganoderma, but the purple lucid ganoderma almost grows close to the ground, the stipe is extremely short, and only half of the lucid ganoderma in other rows can grow; the edge of the pileus is thin, but the base part of the pileus is thick, and the pileus is obviously emitted; part of the lucid ganoderma has overlapping pileus phenomenon; the fungus type extremely ugly has low selling price which is only one third of that of other lucid ganoderma. When other rows grow the glossy ganoderma, the proportion of the pileus and the stipe is coordinated, the thickness of the edge and the base part of the pileus is basically uniform, the pileus is long and beautiful, and the phenomenon of overlapping pileus is avoided. Therefore, no shielded area is left in the middle of the camellia oleifera and the ganoderma lucidum is not suitable for planting; except for other fungus sticks in the third row, the ganoderma lucidum has better growth vigor, higher yield, beautiful shape and little worm damage and is suitable for planting the ganoderma lucidum.
The method for planting the ganoderma lucidum wood section fungus sticks in the camellia oleifera forest by using the camellia oleifera branches can improve the utilization rate of the camellia oleifera forest land, achieve the aim of cultivating and tending the camellia oleifera forest land, increase the income of the camellia oleifera forest land, improve the land productivity and provide a general rule for planting ganoderma lucidum in the shrub type tree species forest. The lucid ganoderma cultivated by the method has high quality, but the price is only about one third of that of wild lucid ganoderma, so that the method is more substantial, the bionic cultivation is a good supplement to the current demand of the people on the wild lucid ganoderma, the market prospect is wide, and a good planting mode is provided for tea-oil camellia growers in south China.

Claims (1)

1. The method for planting the ganoderma lucidum wood-segment fungus sticks in the camellia oleifera forest by using the camellia oleifera branches is characterized by comprising the following operation steps:
1) treating the camellia oleifera branch wood sections: selecting oil tea branches with the diameter larger than 1.0cm, and sawing the branches into short wood sections with the length of 18 cm; tightly binding a plurality of short wood sections by using ropes to form an approximate cylindrical large wood section with the diameter of 10-20 cm; then the bundled wood sections are put into a fungus bag;
2) preparing nutrients: the nutrient is prepared by mixing the following raw materials in percentage by weight: 15% of potash magnesium sulphate fertilizer, 25% of limestone, 30% of corn flour, 15% of ammonium bicarbonate and 15% of diammonium hydrogen phosphate, mixing the raw materials, crushing the mixture, sieving the mixture by a 60-mesh sieve, directly scattering the mixture powder on the wood sections in the step 1), applying 45g of the mixture powder to each bag of fungus sticks, and binding the two ends of each fungus bag by ropes;
3) preparing tea-oil tree branch wood segment purple ganoderma lucidum fungus sticks: sterilizing the fungus bags obtained in the step 2) at a high temperature of 120 ℃ for 8h, naturally cooling to a temperature below 30 ℃, respectively inoculating Ganoderma sinense strains at two ends of a wood segment, and then placing the wood segment into a culture room at a temperature of 25-28 ℃ for culturing for 50-60d until the wood segment is full of hyphae and the hyphae begin to become yellowish;
4) selecting an appropriate planting area under an shrub type camellia oleifera forest to plant ganoderma sinense: selecting a shrub type camellia oleifera forest land for 3-5 years, avoiding planting ganoderma sinense in a noon sun direct-lighting area and within 40cm of radius around a camellia oleifera tree pocket, and planting ganoderma sinense in the rest range; selecting a shrub type camellia oleifera forest land for planting for more than 6 years, avoiding planting ganoderma sinense in a radius of 40cm around a camellia oleifera pocket, and planting all other areas;
5) planting method and density: firstly, cutting off the fungus bags, taking out fungus sticks, obliquely placing the fungus sticks in the dug holes or ditches, covering the fungus sticks with fine soil, exposing one corner of the fungus stick with the height of 2cm so that the fungus stick can better contact with air, and properly pressing soil around the fungus sticks to prevent the periphery of the fungus stick from forming a cavity, wherein the surface of the fungus stick is not suitable for pressing, and the planting density is 2-4 sticks per square meter in a suitable planting area;
6) and (4) taking management and protection measures: when the stipe grows to 5-8cm high, cutting off the miscellaneous irrigation in the radius of 30cm beside the stipe, preventing the young buds at the tip of the stipe from being scraped when the miscellaneous irrigation swings with wind, causing the miscellaneous irrigation to be easily infected, ensuring the growth shape of the lucid ganoderma, and avoiding manual watering, applying any fertilizer and spraying any pesticide in the whole growth period;
7) harvesting and processing: for the area with the altitude less than 500m, 6-8 months per year, when the color of the edge of the ganoderma pileus is the same as that of the middle part of the ganoderma pileus, the first crop can be harvested when spore powder appears on the pileus, when the first crop is harvested, the stipe is cut at the position close to the ground surface, stipes are left so that the second crop of ganoderma grows on the stipes in the year, the second crop of ganoderma is mature in 10 months, and when the ganoderma pileus is harvested, the stipes are held by fingers and rotated, and then the stipes are pulled out; for the area with the altitude of more than 500m, only one crop is harvested every year, and during harvesting, the stipe is held by fingers and the stipes are pulled out after rotating;
8) and (3) postharvest management and protection: in the first 4 years after planting ganoderma sinense, at the beginning of 11 months every year, the exposed part of the fungus stick is covered by soil again, and then grass, leaves or branches with the thickness of 4cm are covered on the exposed part of the fungus stick, so as to preserve moisture and pass the winter.
CN202010512673.0A 2020-06-08 2020-06-08 Method for planting ganoderma lucidum wood-segment fungus sticks made of camellia oleifera branches in camellia oleifera forest Active CN111527986B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010512673.0A CN111527986B (en) 2020-06-08 2020-06-08 Method for planting ganoderma lucidum wood-segment fungus sticks made of camellia oleifera branches in camellia oleifera forest

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010512673.0A CN111527986B (en) 2020-06-08 2020-06-08 Method for planting ganoderma lucidum wood-segment fungus sticks made of camellia oleifera branches in camellia oleifera forest

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111527986A CN111527986A (en) 2020-08-14
CN111527986B true CN111527986B (en) 2021-11-09

Family

ID=71968822

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010512673.0A Active CN111527986B (en) 2020-06-08 2020-06-08 Method for planting ganoderma lucidum wood-segment fungus sticks made of camellia oleifera branches in camellia oleifera forest

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111527986B (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111937677A (en) * 2020-08-25 2020-11-17 广西民族师范学院 Ecological cultivation method of Guangxi indigenous wild purple lucid ganoderma

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102657025A (en) * 2012-04-16 2012-09-12 何寒 Method for cultivating agaric at bottom of oil camellia tree by using trimmed oil camellia branches and leaves and oil camellia shells as main raw materials
CN103420731A (en) * 2013-08-15 2013-12-04 邬金飞 Compatibility of ganoderma lucidum cultivation material and preparation method of ganoderma lucidum cultivation material
CN106613324A (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-05-10 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Ganoderma undergrowth bionics wild cultivation method
CN106699407A (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-05-24 陆川县新英食用菌专业合作社 Culture medium capable of improving quality of selenium-enriched black fungus and preparation method of culture medium
CN106718065A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-31 昆明旭日丰华农业科技有限公司 Using the method for tea tree branch cultivating black fungus
CN109392598A (en) * 2018-12-14 2019-03-01 靖西市秀美边城农业科技有限公司 A kind of Wildmimic cultivation method of ganoderma lucidum
CN109566265A (en) * 2019-01-22 2019-04-05 贵州省贵福菌业发展有限公司 A kind of oil tea mushroom bag industrial production method

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102657025A (en) * 2012-04-16 2012-09-12 何寒 Method for cultivating agaric at bottom of oil camellia tree by using trimmed oil camellia branches and leaves and oil camellia shells as main raw materials
CN103420731A (en) * 2013-08-15 2013-12-04 邬金飞 Compatibility of ganoderma lucidum cultivation material and preparation method of ganoderma lucidum cultivation material
CN106613324A (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-05-10 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Ganoderma undergrowth bionics wild cultivation method
CN106718065A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-31 昆明旭日丰华农业科技有限公司 Using the method for tea tree branch cultivating black fungus
CN106699407A (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-05-24 陆川县新英食用菌专业合作社 Culture medium capable of improving quality of selenium-enriched black fungus and preparation method of culture medium
CN109392598A (en) * 2018-12-14 2019-03-01 靖西市秀美边城农业科技有限公司 A kind of Wildmimic cultivation method of ganoderma lucidum
CN109566265A (en) * 2019-01-22 2019-04-05 贵州省贵福菌业发展有限公司 A kind of oil tea mushroom bag industrial production method

Non-Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
不同郁闭度林下仿野生栽培黑灵芝;曾广宇等;《食用菌》;20200331(第2期);第53-54页 *
利用茶枝条设施化栽培富硒灵芝的研究;汪洁等;《食用菌》;20130323(第02期);第43-44页 *
富锗茶灵芝培养及其有效成分分析;徐建明等;《轻工科技》;20170731(第07期);第16-17页 *
森林食品茶薪菇及其人工繁育简论;楼枝春等;《中国林副特产》;20060220(第01期);第65-67页 *
灵芝菌生物学特性及栽培基质研究进展;才晓玲等;《现代农业科技》;20160531(第07期);第95、98页 *
灵芝规模化种植无公害配套技术;王德芝等;《信阳农林学院学报》;20161215(第04期);第108-111页 *
茶枝屑代料栽培对灵芝生物转化率和质量的影响;刘明香等;《福建农业学报》;20111025(第05期);第742-746页 *
茶枝屑代料栽培灵芝试验;林忠宁等;《福建农业科技》;20080415(第02期);第41-42页 *
茶菇及其栽培;洪震;《食用菌》;19810531(第02期);第17-18页 *
蕉岭地区袋栽灵芝优良菌株筛选试验;肖自添等;《广东农业科学》;20170715(第07期);第19-24页 *
食用菌创新栽培模式;佚名;《农家之友》;20130815(第08期);第46页 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN111527986A (en) 2020-08-14

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN109220465B (en) Method for cultivating and trimming pepper trees
CN106900461B (en) Bionic compound operation method of vine tea, woody oil crops and mountain rice
CN105052481A (en) High-yield forestation method of fir woods
CN106613324A (en) Ganoderma undergrowth bionics wild cultivation method
CN104186265B (en) A kind of blueberry list trunk Labor-saving cultivation shaping methods
CN101720620A (en) Method for interplanting honeysuckles under woods
CN104604462A (en) Cultivation method for honeysuckle
CN104663218A (en) Box planting method for gastrodia elata
CN105123178A (en) Plantation method for pseudo-ginseng under trees
CN102771297A (en) Method for cultivating cork oak seedlings
CN107148888A (en) A kind of facility cultivation method of winter jujube tree
CN109315163A (en) A kind of method of Chinese Fir Seed Orchards elite stand shortening trimming high yield
CN108575474A (en) It is a kind of it is red cone cutting orchard construction and cottage method
CN111527986B (en) Method for planting ganoderma lucidum wood-segment fungus sticks made of camellia oleifera branches in camellia oleifera forest
Lyon Cacao culture in the Philippines
CN105123378A (en) Green planting technology for south open ground blueberry and interplanting winter strawberry of same
CN107637433A (en) A kind of cultivation technological method of seedless wampee
CN111837783B (en) Camellia oleifera large cup seedling cultivation method
CN105900685B (en) Mixed planting method of polyporus umbellatus and fern moss
CN110278822B (en) Method for cultivating peach trees in high-altitude areas
CN111466249A (en) Camellia oleifera planting method
CN111096191A (en) Dwarfing close-planting efficient cultivation technology and process method for nut fruit trees
CN108243864A (en) A kind of fructus citri wilsonii planting technique
CN107173162A (en) Thorn tender bud open country organic farming technique
CN106034741A (en) Intercropping planting method for Eleutherococcus sessiliflorus and Ganoderm alucidum

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant