CN111524656A - Production method and device of high-speed stranded wire - Google Patents

Production method and device of high-speed stranded wire Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111524656A
CN111524656A CN202010349044.0A CN202010349044A CN111524656A CN 111524656 A CN111524656 A CN 111524656A CN 202010349044 A CN202010349044 A CN 202010349044A CN 111524656 A CN111524656 A CN 111524656A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
stranded wire
wire
rotor
stranded
rotating
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Pending
Application number
CN202010349044.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李汉龙
李永川
林佳盛
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Guangdong Huaxin Cable Industry Co ltd
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Guangdong Huaxin Cable Industry Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Guangdong Huaxin Cable Industry Co ltd filed Critical Guangdong Huaxin Cable Industry Co ltd
Priority to CN202010349044.0A priority Critical patent/CN111524656A/en
Publication of CN111524656A publication Critical patent/CN111524656A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B13/00Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing conductors or cables
    • H01B13/02Stranding-up
    • H01B13/0207Details; Auxiliary devices

Abstract

The invention relates to a production method and a device of a high-speed stranded wire, wherein a first stranded wire rotor and a second stranded wire rotor are adopted to form a front stranded wire and a rear stranded wire on a stranded wire production line; the wire feeding stator provides a plurality of wires and conveys the wires to the first stranded wire rotor after passing through the wire distributing plate and the first stranded wire eye die, the first stranded wire rotor drives the wires to perform first stranded wire work, the first stranded wires formed by the stranded wire work of the first stranded wire rotor are conveyed to the second stranded wire rotor and enter the second stranded wire eye die, the second stranded wire rotor drives the first stranded wires to perform second stranded wire work, finished stranded wires are output through the second stranded wire eye die, the finished stranded wires sequentially pass through the traction mechanism, the wire arranging mechanism and the winding mechanism, and finally the finished stranded wires are wound on the winding drum. The process is simple and smooth, the wire is laid in the wire laying machine and pulled externally, the stranded wire rotor rotates the stranded wire, the stranded wire is not required to be laid out and rotated by the rotating cage, the driving power is reduced, the production speed of the stranded wire is increased, the stable product quality is obtained, and the manufacturing energy consumption is reduced.

Description

Production method and device of high-speed stranded wire
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of stranded wire manufacturing, in particular to the technical field of stranded wire production of cables.
Background
At present, the conductors of most cables are stranded wires, and the stranded wires are manufactured by using a stranding machine. A traditional stranding machine twists multiple strands of metal wires, enameled wires, insulated wires and the like into stranded wires, and when the stranding machine works, the stranded wires are stranded into bunched stranded wires by paying off and rotating through a paying off rotating cage and matching with a corresponding stranding eye die. This mode has the following drawbacks: 1. the paying-off rotating cage is heavy in size, can rotate only by large power and is high in energy consumption. 2. When the unwrapping wire rotary cage is rotatory very fast, produce great centrifugal force, the pay-off reel that often appears the internal assembly gets rid of the condition of flying, has the potential safety hazard, so can only lower speed operation, has also influenced stranding speed of stranding machine from this. 3. Only one stranded wire point is needed, the stranding is not firm, and the stranding of multiple strands of wires is loose frequently, so that the quality of the stranded wires is affected.
Disclosure of Invention
The first purpose of the invention is to provide a production method of high-speed stranded wires, which can improve the production speed of the stranded wires, obtain stable product quality and reduce the manufacturing energy consumption.
The second purpose of the invention is to provide a production device of high-speed stranded wires, which has simple structure, low investment cost, stable and reliable work, safety and low energy consumption, and is suitable for the method.
In order to achieve the first purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a production method of a high-speed stranded wire comprises the steps of providing a first stranded wire rotor and a second stranded wire rotor, enabling the first stranded wire rotor and the second stranded wire rotor to synchronously rotate relative to a wire supply stator, setting the rotating speed and the rotating direction of the first stranded wire rotor and the rotating speed and the rotating direction of the second stranded wire rotor to be the same, and arranging the first stranded wire rotor and the second stranded wire rotor on a stranded wire production line to form a front stranded wire station and a rear stranded wire station; the wire supply stator provides two or more wires and conveys the first stranded wire rotor after passing through the wire distribution plate and the first stranded wire eye die, the first stranded wire rotor drives the wires to perform first stranded wire work, the first stranded wire formed by the stranded wire work of the first stranded wire rotor is conveyed to the second stranded wire rotor and enters the second stranded wire eye die, the second stranded wire rotor drives the first stranded wire to perform second stranded wire work, a finished stranded wire is output through the second stranded wire eye die, the finished stranded wire sequentially passes through the traction mechanism, the wire arranging mechanism and the winding mechanism, and finally the finished stranded wire is wound on the winding drum.
The first stranded wire rotor and the second stranded wire rotor are driven by the same motor driving group to rotate, the traction mechanism is connected with the motor driving group through the variable-speed distance-adjusting control box, and the variable-speed distance-adjusting control box realizes the change of the traction speed of the traction mechanism so as to change the stranded distance of the finished stranded wire.
The first twisted wire rotor and the second twisted wire rotor are both U-shaped symmetrical rotating bodies, the first twisted wire rotor is provided with a first rotating center part and first support arms which radially and symmetrically extend out from the periphery of the first rotating center part, and the extending ends of the first support arms are provided with conveying guide rods; the second stranded wire rotor is provided with a second rotating central part and second supporting arms which radially and symmetrically extend out from the periphery of the second rotating central part, and the extending ends of the second supporting arms are provided with receiving guide rods; the first stranded wire rotor and the second stranded wire rotor are coaxially assembled and are separated by a certain distance, a wire supply stator is arranged in a space between the first stranded wire rotor and the second stranded wire rotor, the wire supply stator provides two or more wires which pass through the wire dividing plate and the first stranded wire eye mold and then penetrate through the first rotating center part, then the wires sequentially pass through the first supporting arm and the conveying guide rod of the first stranded wire rotor and are conveyed to the second stranded wire rotor, and the wires sequentially pass through the receiving guide rod and the second supporting arm of the second stranded wire rotor and then enter the second stranded wire eye mold.
According to the scheme, the traction mechanism is provided with a traction wheel and a transition wheel, the traction wheel controls the rotating speed through a variable speed and adjustable distance control box, the transition wheel is matched with the traction wheel to perform anti-slip winding, then the transition wheel outputs the winding through a winding mechanism and a winding mechanism, and finally the finished stranded wire is wound on the winding drum.
In order to achieve the second object, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a production device of high-speed stranded wires comprises:
the first supporting seat and the second supporting seat are horizontally arranged at intervals; the first support seat is provided with a first rotating main shaft, and the second support seat is provided with a second rotating main shaft;
the first twisted wire rotor is a U-shaped symmetrical rotating body, the first twisted wire rotor is provided with a first rotating center part and first supporting arms which radially and symmetrically extend out from the periphery of the first rotating center part, and the extending ends of the first supporting arms are provided with conveying guide rods; the first rotating center part is correspondingly sleeved on the first rotating main shaft, so that the first twisted wire rotor rotates along with the first rotating main shaft;
the second stranded wire rotor is a U-shaped symmetrical rotating body, the second stranded wire rotor is provided with a second rotating central part and second supporting arms radially and symmetrically extending from the periphery of the second rotating central part, and the extending ends of the second supporting arms are provided with receiving guide rods; the second rotating center part is correspondingly sleeved on the second rotating main shaft, so that the second stranded wire rotor rotates along with the second rotating main shaft; the second stranded wire rotor and the first stranded wire rotor are positioned between the first supporting seat and the second supporting seat and are separated by a certain distance, and a second stranded wire eye die is arranged on the outer side of the second supporting seat;
the wire supply stator is a long-strip-shaped frame and is arranged in an interval space between the first stranded wire rotor and the second stranded wire rotor, two ends of the wire supply stator are respectively connected with the first rotating main shaft and the second rotating main shaft, two or more pay-off reels are arranged inside the wire supply stator, and a wire distribution plate and a first stranded wire eye die are arranged at one end of the wire supply stator, which is connected with the first rotating main shaft;
the motor driving group synchronously drives the first rotating main shaft and the second rotating main shaft to realize the same rotating speed and rotating direction of the first rotating main shaft and the second rotating main shaft;
the traction mechanism is distributed on one side of the second supporting seat and is connected with the motor driving set through the variable-speed adjustable-pitch control box;
the wire arranging mechanism is arranged at the downstream of the traction mechanism, so that wire arrangement is shifted for finished stranded wires to be wound, and the finished stranded wires are uniformly wound on a winding drum;
the winding mechanism is arranged at the downstream of the wire arranging mechanism and is provided with a winding drum, and the winding drum rotates to store the finished stranded wire.
The above scheme is further that the first rotating main shaft and the second rotating main shaft are coaxially arranged, and the conveying guide rod of the first stranded wire rotor is coaxially opposite to the receiving guide rod of the second stranded wire rotor.
The wire supply stator is characterized in that two ends of the wire supply stator are respectively connected with the first rotating main shaft and the second rotating main shaft through bearings, centers of the two ends of the wire supply stator are respectively offset downwards relative to the axes of the first rotating main shaft and the second rotating main shaft, and seven pay-off reels are arranged in the inner part of the wire supply stator in an upper layer and a lower layer.
The scheme is further that the first supporting seat and the second supporting seat are connected into a whole through the bottom plate, the motor driving set is arranged close to the second supporting seat, the output end of the motor driving set drives the second rotating main shaft through the synchronous belt matched with the gear, and the output end of the motor driving set is connected with the first rotating main shaft and the variable speed and distance adjusting control box through the first transmission rod and the second transmission rod respectively in a transmission mode.
The winding drum of the winding mechanism is directly driven to rotate by a winding motor; the wire arranging mechanism is provided with a left upright post, a right upright post and a cross beam which is connected with the left upright post and the right upright post in a spanning manner, a slide seat which can move in a reciprocating manner is assembled on the cross beam, and a limiting guide groove is arranged on the slide seat and meets the limiting passing of a stranded wire; the sliding seat is driven to move by a motor screw rod mechanism, and the motor screw rod mechanism and the winding motor synchronously work based on electric signal control; the sliding seat slides in surface contact with the cross beam.
The scheme is further that the variable speed and adjustable distance control box works based on a gear shifting and variable speed principle.
The method has simple and smooth process, realizes the action of twisting in tandem by matching the two twisting rotors with the twisting, avoids the defect of paying off and rotating the twisting by the rotating cage, improves the production speed of the twisting, obtains stable product quality and reduces the manufacturing energy consumption.
The device adopts built-in paying off and external traction, the stranded wire rotor rotates stranded wires, paying off and rotating cages are not needed to rotate stranded wires, the driving power is reduced, the structure is simple, the investment cost is low, the device is suitable for the method, and the device is stable and reliable in work, safe and low in energy consumption.
Description of the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of a portion of the embodiment of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of the embodiment of FIG. 2;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the wire arranging mechanism and the winding mechanism in the embodiment of fig. 1.
The specific implementation mode is as follows:
the conception, the specific structure and the technical effects of the present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings to fully understand the objects, the features and the effects of the present invention.
It should be noted that in the description of the present invention, the terms of direction or positional relationship indicated by the terms "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc. are based on the directions or positional relationships shown in the drawings, which are merely for convenience of description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," "third," and "fourth" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, the production method of the high-speed stranded wire provided by the invention includes providing a first stranded wire rotor and a second stranded wire rotor, wherein the first stranded wire rotor and the second stranded wire rotor both rotate synchronously relative to a wire supply stator, the rotating speeds and the rotating directions of the first stranded wire rotor and the second stranded wire rotor are set to be the same, and the first stranded wire rotor and the second stranded wire rotor are arranged on a stranded wire production line to form a front stranded wire station and a rear stranded wire station. The wire supply stator provides two or more wires and conveys the first stranded wire rotor after passing through the wire distribution plate and the first stranded wire eye die, the first stranded wire rotor drives the wires to perform first stranded wire work, the first stranded wire formed by the stranded wire work of the first stranded wire rotor is conveyed to the second stranded wire rotor and enters the second stranded wire eye die, the second stranded wire rotor drives the first stranded wire to perform second stranded wire work, a finished stranded wire is output through the second stranded wire eye die, the finished stranded wire sequentially passes through the traction mechanism, the wire arranging mechanism and the winding mechanism, and finally the finished stranded wire is wound on the winding drum. The first stranded wire rotor and the second stranded wire rotor are used for stranding, the rotation is light and fast, the production speed of the stranded wires can be increased, and the two-time stranded wires which are arranged in tandem are adopted, so that the wires are stranded more tightly without loosening, and the pitch is good.
In the production method, the first stranded wire rotor and the second stranded wire rotor are driven to rotate by the motor driving group in the same group, so that not only are the driving devices reduced and the investment cost reduced, but also the working synchronism is achieved, the two-time stranded wire quality in tandem is facilitated, the unstable product quality caused by the deviation of the front stranded wire and the rear stranded wire is avoided, and the stable product quality is obtained. The traction mechanism is connected with the motor driving set through the variable-speed adjustable-pitch control box, so that the driving equipment is reduced, and the investment cost is reduced. The variable-speed distance-adjusting control box realizes changing the traction speed of the traction mechanism, so that the twist pitch of finished stranded wires is changed, the speed of a motor is not required to be adjusted, the production operation is optimized, and the controllability is improved. The method is further characterized in that the traction mechanism adopts a mode of matching a traction wheel and a transition wheel, the traction wheel controls the rotating speed through a variable speed and adjustable distance control box so as to obtain different traction speeds, and the transition wheel is matched with the traction wheel to perform winding for preventing slipping, so that the traction stability is ensured, and the stranded wire pitches are consistent. Then the finished stranded wire is output by the transition wheel and passes through the wire arranging mechanism and the winding mechanism, and finally the finished stranded wire is wound on a winding drum. The mutual influence of the winding work and the traction of the traction mechanism is reduced, and the production of high-speed stranded wires is facilitated.
In the production method, the first stranded wire rotor and the second stranded wire rotor are both U-shaped symmetrical rotating bodies, the first stranded wire rotor is provided with a first rotating center part and first support arms which radially and symmetrically extend out from the periphery of the first rotating center part, and the extending ends of the first support arms are provided with conveying guide rods; the second stranded wire rotor is provided with a second rotating central part and second supporting arms which radially and symmetrically extend out from the periphery of the second rotating central part, and the extending ends of the second supporting arms are provided with receiving guide rods; the first stranded wire rotor and the second stranded wire rotor are coaxially assembled and are separated by a certain distance, a wire supply stator is arranged in a space between the first stranded wire rotor and the second stranded wire rotor, the wire supply stator provides two or more wires which pass through the wire dividing plate and the first stranded wire eye mold and then penetrate through the first rotating center part, then the wires sequentially pass through the first supporting arm and the conveying guide rod of the first stranded wire rotor and are conveyed to the second stranded wire rotor, and the wires sequentially pass through the receiving guide rod and the second supporting arm of the second stranded wire rotor and then enter the second stranded wire eye mold. The wire twisting device has the advantages that the wire is internally arranged, the traction is externally arranged, the production process is optimized, the first twisted wire rotor and the second twisted wire rotor are both U-shaped symmetrical rotating bodies, the rotating amplitude and frequency ensure that twisted wires can be stably and smoothly conveyed in the first twisted wire rotor and the second twisted wire rotor, the twisted wires are protected, and the twisting quality is improved.
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, there are shown schematic diagrams of a preferred embodiment of a high-speed strand production apparatus according to the present invention, which is suitable for operating the above method. The method specifically comprises the following steps: the wire winding machine comprises a first supporting seat 1, a second supporting seat 2, a first stranded wire rotor 3, a second stranded wire rotor 4, a wire supply stator 5, a motor driving group 6, a traction mechanism 7, a wire arranging mechanism 8 and a winding mechanism 9.
The first supporting seat 1 and the second supporting seat 2 are horizontally arranged at intervals, and an embedding space is reserved between the first supporting seat and the second supporting seat. The first support seat 1 is provided with a first rotating main shaft 11, and the second support seat 2 is provided with a second rotating main shaft 21. The first supporting seat 1 and the second supporting seat 2 respectively provide support and installation, in the embodiment shown in the figure, the first rotating main shaft 11 and the second rotating main shaft 21 respectively protrude towards the inner sides of the first supporting seat 1 and the second supporting seat 2; and the outer sides of the first supporting seat 1 and the second supporting seat 2 are respectively provided with a synchronous belt and a transmission gear.
The first twisted wire rotor 3 is a U-shaped symmetrical rotating body, the first twisted wire rotor 3 is provided with a first rotating center part 31 and first support arms 32 which radially and symmetrically extend from the periphery of the first rotating center part 31, and the extending ends of the first support arms 32 are provided with conveying guide rods 33; the first rotating center part 31 is correspondingly sleeved on the first rotating main shaft 11, so that the first twisted wire rotor 3 rotates along with the first rotating main shaft 11; pulleys are arranged at intervals on the first support arm 32 and the transport guide 33 in order to guide and limit the litz wire. In this embodiment, the first support arm 32 and the transport guide 33 on one side of the first twisting rotor 3 are used for transporting the twisted wire, and the first support arm 32 and the transport guide 33 on the other symmetrical side of the first twisting rotor 3 are left vacant to form a counterweight to ensure the rotation of the first twisting rotor 3. Of course, all the first support arms 32 and the transport guides 33 on the first twisting rotor 3 can be used for transporting the twisted wires, depending on the production requirements.
The second stranded wire rotor 4 is a U-shaped symmetrical rotating body, the second stranded wire rotor 4 is provided with a second rotating central part 41 and second supporting arms 42 which radially and symmetrically extend from the periphery of the second rotating central part 41, and the extending ends of the second supporting arms 42 are provided with receiving guide rods 43; the second rotation center part 41 is correspondingly sleeved on the second rotation main shaft 21, so that the second stranded wire rotor 4 rotates along with the second rotation main shaft 21; the second stranded wire rotor 4 and the first stranded wire rotor 3 are positioned between the first supporting seat 1 and the second supporting seat 2 at a certain distance, and pulleys are arranged on the second supporting arm 42 and the receiving guide rod 43 at intervals so as to receive, guide and limit stranded wires. The second support arm 42 and the receiving guide 43 receive the twisted wire and are opposite to the first support arm 32 and the conveying guide 33 of the first twisted wire rotor 3 for conveying the twisted wire at the same side, and stable and smooth conveying is ensured. The second stranded wire eye die 22 is arranged on the outer side of the second supporting seat 2, the second rotating main shaft 21 is provided with a corresponding through hole, the stranded wire is penetrated into the second stranded wire eye die 22 through the corresponding through hole, the second stranded wire eye die 22 is used for being matched with the second stranded wire rotor 4 to carry out stranded wire working and outputting a finished stranded wire, and the second stranded wire eye die 22 can be detached and replaced to meet the requirements of producing stranded wires with different wire diameters.
The wire supply stator 5 is a long-strip-shaped frame, the wire supply stator 5 is installed in an interval space between the first stranded wire rotor 3 and the second stranded wire rotor 4, two ends of the wire supply stator 5 are respectively connected with the first rotating main shaft 11 and the second rotating main shaft 21, two or more than two pay-off reels 51 are arranged inside the wire supply stator 5, and a wire distribution plate 52 and a first stranded wire eye mold 53 are arranged at one end, connected with the first rotating main shaft 11, of the wire supply stator 5. The thread take-up plate 52 is adjustably assembled so as to adjust the distance of the thread take-up plate 52 from the first thread eye die 53. The branching plate 52 of the present embodiment is a circular disk, on which a plurality of branching holes are provided, the branching holes being distributed around the center of the branching plate 52; the branching plate 52 and the wire feeding stator 5 are connected by a support column 54, and the distance between the branching plate 52 and the first twisted wire eye mold 53 is adjusted by adjusting the position of the branching plate 52 on the support column 54. The first twisted wire eye die 53 is fixed on the wire supply stator 5, the first rotating main shaft 11 is provided with a corresponding through hole matched with the first twisted wire eye die 53, the requirement that the primary twisted wire penetrates out of the first supporting arm 32 and the conveying guide rod 33 which run towards the first twisted wire rotor 3 is met, and the primary twisted wire is output while the first twisted wire rotor 3 rotates to be twisted. In this embodiment, two ends of the wire supply stator 5 are respectively connected to the first rotating main shaft 11 and the second rotating main shaft 21 through bearings, centers of the two ends of the wire supply stator 5 are respectively offset downward relative to the axes of the first rotating main shaft 11 and the second rotating main shaft 21, and the center of gravity sags, so that the wire supply stator 5 is hung on the first rotating main shaft 11 and the second rotating main shaft 21 in a cradle manner, and when paying off is realized, the wire releasing force can be adjusted automatically, the mistaken rotation of the wire supply stator 5 is avoided, and the wire releasing is balanced and stable. In this embodiment, seven pay-off reels 51, three pay-off reels 51 on the upper layer, four pay-off reels 51 on the lower layer are arranged in two layers up and down in the wire supply stator 5, and the pay-off reels 51 on the upper layer and the lower layer are arranged in a staggered manner in the length direction of the wire supply stator 5. The pay-off reel 51 is horizontally placed, and rotation pay-off is facilitated. The wire supply stator 5 is also provided with corresponding wire rollers 55, a wire arranging plate 56 and the like which are matched for paying off, the surface of each wire roller 55 can be a smooth surface, and a split wire groove can also be arranged, so that the wire can be tensioned and released; the wire arranging holes or wire arranging grooves are formed in the wire arranging plate 56, so that different wires can be separated, the different wire releasing discs 51 on the wire supplying stator 5 can release wires in order, and high-speed wire stranding operation is guaranteed.
This motor drive group 6 synchronous drive first main shaft of rotating 11 and second main shaft of rotating 21 realizes that the rotational speed of first main shaft of rotating 11 and second main shaft of rotating 21, turns to the samely, has reduced drive apparatus, reduces investment cost, reaches the work synchronism simultaneously, helps two times of strand wires quality in tandem, avoids the unstable condition of product quality that the front and back strand wires deviation brought, consequently obtains stable product quality.
The traction mechanism 7 is distributed on one side of the second supporting seat 2, the traction mechanism 7 is connected with the motor driving set 6 through the variable speed and adjustable distance control box 71, the main power of the stranded wire is fully utilized, the driving equipment is reduced, and the investment cost is reduced. The traction mechanism 7 is also provided with a traction wheel 72 and a transition wheel 73, the output of the variable speed and distance adjusting control box 71 drives the traction wheel 72, and the transition wheel 73 and the traction wheel 72 are arranged in parallel. The variable-speed distance-adjusting control box realizes the change of the traction speed of the traction mechanism, thereby changing the lay length of the finished stranded wire. The embodiment is further that, variable speed roll adjustment control box 71 works based on the speed change principle of shifting gears, simple structure, convenient control need not the motor speed governing, and optimization production operation promotes the controllability. The traction wheel 72 controls the rotating speed through the variable speed and adjustable distance control box 71 to obtain different traction speeds, so that the pitch of the stranded wire can be adjusted to meet different requirements. And the transition wheel 73 is matched with the traction wheel to perform winding for preventing slipping, so that the traction stability is ensured, and the strand pitches are consistent.
The wire arranging mechanism 8 is arranged at the downstream of the traction mechanism 7, so that the wire arranging is shifted for the finished product stranded wires A to be wound which are drawn out by the traction mechanism 7, and the finished product stranded wires are uniformly wound on a winding drum. The winding mechanism 9 is arranged at the downstream of the wire arranging mechanism 8, the winding mechanism 9 is provided with a winding drum 91, and the winding drum 91 rotates to store the finished twisted wire. In order to further improve the wire arranging and winding quality and adapt to the high-speed wire stranding work of the double rotors, the winding drum 91 of the winding mechanism 9 is directly driven by the winding motor 92 to rotate, so that the winding of the stranded wire is realized; the wire arranging mechanism 8 is provided with a left upright post 81, a right upright post 81 and a cross beam 82 which is connected with the left upright post and the right upright post in a crossing way, a slide seat 83 which can move in a reciprocating way is assembled on the cross beam 82, and a limiting guide groove is arranged on the slide seat 83, meets the limiting passing of a stranded wire, ensures that the stranded wire is wound in the designated direction, and cannot run out randomly. The slide carriage 83 is driven by the motor screw mechanism 84 to move, so that the effective guiding and winding of the stranded wire are achieved, the stranded wire moves axially relative to the winding drum, and the stranded wire is wound on the outer surface of the winding drum layer by layer in order. The motor screw mechanism 84 and the winding motor 92 synchronously work based on electric signal control; preferably, the motor screw mechanism 84 and the winding motor 92 are controlled by frequency converters, and the two motors work synchronously by a frequency conversion technology, so that the coordination and stability of the wire arrangement and the wire winding action are ensured, the transmission power of a transmission rod is effectively reduced, the structure is optimized, the mechanical transmission error is reduced, and the ideal wire winding is realized. The sliding seat 83 slides in surface contact with the cross beam 82, so that the contact area is increased, the sliding seat moves stably and accurately, and the wire arranging quality is improved. Referring to fig. 1 and 4, the lateral side of the cross beam 82 is provided with a convex wing portion 821, and the corresponding side of the sliding base 83 is provided with a U-shaped guiding and sliding slot 831, and the U-shaped guiding and sliding slot 831 is sleeved on the wing portion 821 of the cross beam 82. The structure not only increases the contact surface of the sliding seat 83 and the cross beam 82, but also has the functions of moving guide and limiting, so that the sliding seat 83 can move more stably and accurately, and the smooth and accurate movement of the sliding seat 83 is ensured. The limiting guide groove on the sliding seat 83 is composed of two guide rollers 832 which are erected in parallel, and the upper shaft ends of the guide rollers 832 are connected through a cross rod, so that the surfaces of the guide rollers 832, the cross rod and the sliding seat 83 form a closed annular structure, the stranded wire is prevented from running out from between the two guide rollers 832, and no additional deviation rectifying device is needed. The inlet side and the outlet side of the limiting guide groove are respectively provided with a cushion roller 833, the cushion rollers 833 are installed on a claw 834 provided by the sliding seat 83, the front cushion roller 833 and the rear cushion roller 833 are preferably on the same level, the stranded wires are ensured to pass through the limiting guide groove of the sliding seat 83 in a straight mode, the distortion and the running position are reduced, and therefore the wire arranging quality is improved.
The device adopts built-in paying-off and external traction, the first stranded wire rotor and the second stranded wire rotor synchronously rotate stranded wires, the body is light and small, paying-off rotating cages are not needed to rotate the stranded wires, the driving power is reduced, the structure is simple, the investment cost is low, the device is suitable for the method, and the device is stable and reliable in work, safe and low in energy consumption. Further, the first rotating main shaft 11 and the second rotating main shaft 21 of the embodiment are coaxially arranged, the conveying guide rod 33 of the first stranded wire rotor 3 is coaxially opposite to the receiving guide rod 43 of the second stranded wire rotor 4, and the stranded wires are linearly transmitted, so that the stranded wires are prevented from being twisted under the action of external force in the transmission process. The first stranded wire rotor 3 and the second stranded wire rotor 4 synchronously rotate the stranded wires in a relative mode, the driving rotation is simple, the stranded wires are in tandem movement, the stranded wires are tightly stranded and cannot be loosened, and the pitch is good.
As shown in fig. 1, in this embodiment, the first supporting seat 1 and the second supporting seat 2 are connected into a whole through the bottom plate, so that the integrity is good, the center of gravity is stable, and the stability of the high-speed stranded wire is improved. The motor driving group 6 is arranged close to the second supporting seat 2, the output end of the motor driving group 6 drives the second rotating main shaft 21 through a synchronous belt matched with a gear, the output end of the motor driving group 6 is further connected with a first transmission rod 61 and a second transmission rod 62 respectively, the output end of the first transmission rod 61 is in transmission connection with the first rotating main shaft 11, and the output end of the second transmission rod 62 is connected with a speed-changing distance-adjusting control box 71. The structure realizes the work of the same power source, optimizes the structure and reduces the investment cost. When the synchronous relative rotation stranded wire of first stranded wire rotor 3 and second stranded wire rotor 4 is realized, the transmission distance of first transfer line 61 and second transfer line 62 has still been optimized, reduces mechanical transmission loss, ensures the transmission accuracy. In this embodiment, this device still is equipped with guard gate 100, and this guard gate 100 shelters from the front and back side in the region between first supporting seat 1 and the second supporting seat 2, gives stranded conductor work protection, prevents accident.
While the preferred embodiments of the invention have been illustrated and described, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. A production method of high-speed stranded wires is characterized by comprising the following steps: the production method comprises the steps of providing a first stranded wire rotor and a second stranded wire rotor, enabling the first stranded wire rotor and the second stranded wire rotor to synchronously rotate relative to a wire supply stator, setting the rotating speed and the rotating direction of the first stranded wire rotor and the rotating direction of the second stranded wire rotor to be the same, and arranging the first stranded wire rotor and the second stranded wire rotor on a stranded wire production line to form a front stranded wire station and a rear stranded wire station; the wire supply stator provides two or more wires and conveys the first stranded wire rotor after passing through the wire distribution plate and the first stranded wire eye die, the first stranded wire rotor drives the wires to perform first stranded wire work, the first stranded wire formed by the stranded wire work of the first stranded wire rotor is conveyed to the second stranded wire rotor and enters the second stranded wire eye die, the second stranded wire rotor drives the first stranded wire to perform second stranded wire work, a finished stranded wire is output through the second stranded wire eye die, the finished stranded wire sequentially passes through the traction mechanism, the wire arranging mechanism and the winding mechanism, and finally the finished stranded wire is wound on the winding drum.
2. The method for producing a high-speed strand as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the first stranded wire rotor and the second stranded wire rotor are driven by the same motor driving group to rotate, the traction mechanism is connected with the motor driving group through the variable-speed distance-adjusting control box, and the variable-speed distance-adjusting control box realizes the change of the traction speed of the traction mechanism so as to change the stranded distance of the finished stranded wire.
3. The method for producing a high-speed strand as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein: the first stranded wire rotor and the second stranded wire rotor are both U-shaped symmetrical rotating bodies, the first stranded wire rotor is provided with a first rotating center part and first supporting arms which radially and symmetrically extend out from the periphery of the first rotating center part, and the extending ends of the first supporting arms are provided with conveying guide rods; the second stranded wire rotor is provided with a second rotating central part and second supporting arms which radially and symmetrically extend out from the periphery of the second rotating central part, and the extending ends of the second supporting arms are provided with receiving guide rods; the first stranded wire rotor and the second stranded wire rotor are coaxially assembled and are separated by a certain distance, a wire supply stator is arranged in a space between the first stranded wire rotor and the second stranded wire rotor, the wire supply stator provides two or more wires which pass through the wire dividing plate and the first stranded wire eye mold and then penetrate through the first rotating center part, then the wires sequentially pass through the first supporting arm and the conveying guide rod of the first stranded wire rotor and are conveyed to the second stranded wire rotor, and the wires sequentially pass through the receiving guide rod and the second supporting arm of the second stranded wire rotor and then enter the second stranded wire eye mold.
4. The method for producing a high-speed strand as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the traction mechanism is provided with a traction wheel and a transition wheel, the traction wheel controls the rotating speed through a variable speed and adjustable distance control box, the transition wheel is matched with the traction wheel to perform anti-slip winding, and then the finished stranded wire is output by the transition wheel to pass through a wire arranging mechanism and a winding mechanism and finally wound on a winding drum.
5. A production device of high-speed stranded wires is characterized by comprising:
the supporting device comprises a first supporting seat (1) and a second supporting seat (2) which are horizontally arranged at intervals; a first rotating main shaft (11) is arranged on the first supporting seat (1), and a second rotating main shaft (21) is arranged on the second supporting seat (2);
the first twisted wire rotor (3), the first twisted wire rotor (3) is a U-shaped symmetrical rotating body, the first twisted wire rotor (3) is provided with a first rotating center part (31) and first supporting arms (32) which radially and symmetrically extend out from the periphery of the first rotating center part (31), and the extending ends of the first supporting arms (32) are provided with conveying guide rods (33); the first rotating center part (31) is correspondingly sleeved on the first rotating main shaft (11) to realize that the first twisted wire rotor (3) rotates along with the first rotating main shaft (11);
the second stranded wire rotor (4), the second stranded wire rotor (4) is a U-shaped symmetrical rotating body, the second stranded wire rotor (4) is provided with a second rotating central part (41) and second supporting arms (42) which radially and symmetrically extend out from the periphery of the second rotating central part (41), and the extending ends of the second supporting arms (42) are provided with receiving guide rods (43); the second rotating central part (41) is correspondingly sleeved on the second rotating main shaft (21) to realize that the second stranded wire rotor (4) rotates along with the second rotating main shaft (21); the second stranded wire rotor (4) and the first stranded wire rotor (3) are positioned between the first supporting seat (1) and the second supporting seat (2) and are separated by a certain distance, and a second stranded wire eye die (22) is arranged on the outer side of the second supporting seat (2);
the wire supply stator (5) is a long-strip-shaped frame, the wire supply stator (5) is installed in a space between the first stranded wire rotor (3) and the second stranded wire rotor (4), two ends of the wire supply stator (5) are respectively connected with the first rotating main shaft (11) and the second rotating main shaft (21), two or more pay-off discs (51) are arranged inside the wire supply stator (5), and a wire distribution plate (52) and a first stranded wire eye mold (53) are arranged at one end, connected with the first rotating main shaft (11), of the wire supply stator (5);
the motor driving group (6), the motor driving group (6) synchronously drives the first rotating main shaft (11) and the second rotating main shaft (21), and the rotating speed and the rotating direction of the first rotating main shaft (11) and the second rotating main shaft (21) are the same;
the traction mechanism (7) is distributed on one side of the second supporting seat (2), the traction mechanism (7) is connected with the motor driving set (6) through a variable-speed distance-adjusting control box (71), the traction mechanism (7) is also provided with a traction wheel (72) and a transition wheel (73), the variable-speed distance-adjusting control box (71) outputs and drives the traction wheel (72), and the transition wheel (73) and the traction wheel (72) are arranged in parallel;
the wire arranging mechanism (8) is arranged at the downstream of the traction mechanism (7), so that wire arrangement is shifted for finished stranded wires to be wound, and the finished stranded wires are uniformly wound on a winding drum;
the winding mechanism (9), this winding mechanism (9) sets up the low reaches in winding displacement mechanism (8), and winding mechanism (9) are equipped with reel (91), and reel (91) rotate and receive the finished product stranded wire.
6. The apparatus for producing a high-speed twisted wire as claimed in claim 5, wherein: the first rotating main shaft (11) and the second rotating main shaft (21) are coaxially arranged, and a conveying guide rod (33) of the first stranded wire rotor (3) is coaxially opposite to a receiving guide rod (43) of the second stranded wire rotor (4).
7. The apparatus for producing a high-speed twisted wire as claimed in claim 5, wherein: two ends of the wire supply stator (5) are respectively connected with the first rotating main shaft (11) and the second rotating main shaft (21) through bearings, centers of the two ends of the wire supply stator (5) are respectively offset downwards relative to the axle centers of the first rotating main shaft (11) and the second rotating main shaft (21), and seven pay-off reels (51) are arranged in the upper layer and the lower layer of the inner part of the wire supply stator (5).
8. The apparatus for producing a high-speed twisted wire as claimed in claim 5, wherein: first supporting seat (1) and second supporting seat (2) are connected through the bottom plate and become one, and motor drive group (6) are close to second supporting seat (2) and settle, and motor drive group's (6) output passes through hold-in range cooperation gear drive second and rotates main shaft (21) to and motor drive group's (6) output still is connected first rotation main shaft (11) and variable speed roll adjustment control box (71) through first transfer line (61) and second transfer line (62) transmission respectively.
9. The apparatus for producing a high-speed twisted wire as claimed in claim 5, wherein: a winding drum (91) of the winding mechanism (9) is directly driven to rotate by a winding motor (92); the wire arranging mechanism (8) is provided with a left upright post and a right upright post (81) and a cross beam (82) which is connected with the left upright post and the right upright post in a crossing way, a sliding seat (83) which can move in a reciprocating way is assembled on the cross beam (82), and a limiting guide groove is arranged on the sliding seat (83) and meets the limitation of the passing of a stranded wire; the sliding seat (83) is driven to move by a motor screw rod mechanism (84), and the motor screw rod mechanism (84) and the winding motor (92) are controlled to synchronously work based on electric signals; the sliding seat (83) slides in surface contact with the cross beam (82).
10. The apparatus for producing a high-speed twisted wire according to claim 5 or 8, wherein: the gear shifting and distance adjusting control box (71) works based on a gear shifting and speed changing principle.
CN202010349044.0A 2020-04-28 2020-04-28 Production method and device of high-speed stranded wire Pending CN111524656A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111952012A (en) * 2020-09-24 2020-11-17 白城市通业电工科技有限公司 Double-arm high-speed stranding machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111952012A (en) * 2020-09-24 2020-11-17 白城市通业电工科技有限公司 Double-arm high-speed stranding machine

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