CN111516763B - Lightweight storehouse bars formula semitrailer carriage - Google Patents

Lightweight storehouse bars formula semitrailer carriage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111516763B
CN111516763B CN202010397972.4A CN202010397972A CN111516763B CN 111516763 B CN111516763 B CN 111516763B CN 202010397972 A CN202010397972 A CN 202010397972A CN 111516763 B CN111516763 B CN 111516763B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
groove
clamping shell
block
sliding
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CN202010397972.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111516763A (en
Inventor
王鑫杰
金双
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Shandong ShouDa Automobile Manufacturing Co.,Ltd.
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Shandong Shouda Automobile Manufacturing Co ltd
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Priority to CN202010397972.4A priority Critical patent/CN111516763B/en
Publication of CN111516763A publication Critical patent/CN111516763A/en
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Publication of CN111516763B publication Critical patent/CN111516763B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D33/00Superstructures for load-carrying vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D53/00Tractor-trailer combinations; Road trains
    • B62D53/04Tractor-trailer combinations; Road trains comprising a vehicle carrying an essential part of the other vehicle's load by having supporting means for the front or rear part of the other vehicle
    • B62D53/06Semi-trailers

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of transport vehicles, and particularly relates to a light-weight bin grid type semitrailer carriage which comprises a horizontal bottom plate and a horizontal top plate; the two sides of the top plate are hinged with side grids, and the tail part is hinged with a tail plate; the bottom plate is provided with a clapboard through a rotating shaft; the partition plate consists of an outer sleeve plate and an inner sliding plate which are mutually matched in a sliding way; the inner sliding plate is provided with a positioning mechanism, and the positioning mechanism comprises a hinged frame, a hollow shaft, a second gear, a connecting frame, a limiting block, a supporting plate and a second supporting spring; and an iron rack meshed with the second gear is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the top of the side grid. In the actual use process of the light-weight bin grid type semitrailer carriage, different kinds of goods are prevented from being extruded together, so that the goods are prevented from being damaged; and the goods can not slide along with the driving of the vehicle under the condition of half load or light load, thereby further avoiding the damage of the goods.

Description

Lightweight storehouse bars formula semitrailer carriage
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of semitrailers, and particularly relates to a light-weight bin grid type semitrailer carriage.
Background
The compartment fence type semi-trailer is a semi-trailer with a compartment part adopting a fence structure design and is mainly used for the transportation of agricultural and sideline products and other light-bulb goods. The prior compartment grid type semitrailer compartment has the following problems in the actual use process: (1) transported goods cannot be separated, different goods are mutually extruded together, so that the quality of the goods is damaged, for example, when aquatic products and dry goods are transported simultaneously, moisture attached to the aquatic products can wet the dry goods, so that the goods are damaged; (2) under the state of half load or light load, there are more idle spaces in the carriage, and the vehicle goes in-process goods and produces the slip easily, and the goods bumps with the carriage in the slip in-process, can lead to the goods impaired equally.
Disclosure of Invention
Technical problem to be solved
The invention provides a light-weight bin grid type semitrailer carriage, which aims to solve the following problems in the actual use process of the current bin grid type semitrailer carriage: (1) transported goods cannot be separated, different goods are mutually extruded together, so that the quality of the goods is damaged, for example, when aquatic products and dry goods are transported simultaneously, moisture attached to the aquatic products can wet the dry goods, so that the goods are damaged; (2) under the state of half load or light load, there are more idle spaces in the carriage, and the vehicle goes in-process goods and produces the slip easily, and the goods bumps with the carriage in the slip in-process, can lead to the goods impaired equally.
(II) technical scheme
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a lightweight storehouse bars formula semitrailer carriage, includes the bottom plate of horizontal fixed mounting on the frame, and the vertical fixed mounting in bottom plate upper surface has the support column, and the horizontal fixed mounting in support column top has the roof. The left side edge and the right side edge of the top plate are hinged with side grids with the same height, and the tail edge of the top plate is hinged with a tail plate. The upper surface of the bottom plate is rotatably provided with two rotating shafts which vertically penetrate through the top plate, and the rotating shafts are fixedly provided with clapboards which are vertical to the top plate. The partition plate consists of an outer sleeve plate and an inner sliding plate which are in sliding fit with each other. The parts of the two rotating shafts between the bottom plate and the top plate are horizontally and fixedly provided with first gears, and the two first gears are meshed with each other. A door-shaped fixture block is vertically and slidably mounted on the top plate, and the fixture block is vertically and slidably matched with the transmission gear of the first gear. The fixture block is fixedly provided with a supporting block, and a first supporting spring is vertically arranged between the top of the supporting block and the lower surface of the top plate. After the goods are loaded, the side grids and the tail plates are rotated to be in a vertical state and fixed. Then, the clamping block is lifted upwards to drive the supporting block to compress the first supporting spring, and one of the partition plates is rotated to drive the rotating shafts connected with the partition plates to rotate, so that the two first gears are driven to rotate, and the other rotating shaft and the partition plate are further driven to rotate; the length of the inner sliding plate extending out of the outer sleeve plate is adjusted while the partition plates rotate, so that the tail end of the outer sleeve plate always abuts against the side grids until the two partition plates abut against the goods and tightly press the goods; and finally, loosening the clamping block, transmitting the elastic force of the first supporting spring to the clamping block through the supporting block, and enabling the clamping block to restore to the original position downwards and clamp the two first gears to ensure that the two partition plates do not rotate any more. According to the steps, the compartment is divided into three parts, namely a part consisting of two partition plates and a tail plate, a part consisting of one partition plate and one side grid, and a part consisting of the other partition plate and the other side grid.
And the top of the tail end of the inner sliding plate is provided with a positioning mechanism, and the positioning mechanism comprises a hinged frame, a hollow shaft, a second gear, a connecting frame, a limiting block, a supporting plate and a second supporting spring. The hinged frame is fixedly installed at the top of the tail end of the inner sliding plate, a hollow shaft is vertically and rotatably installed on the hinged frame, and the cross section inside the hollow shaft is polygonal. A second gear with magnetism is horizontally and fixedly mounted outside the hollow shaft, the hinged frame is vertically matched with the connecting frame in an L shape in a sliding mode, and a limiting block which is matched with the inside of the hollow shaft is vertically and fixedly mounted at the top of the connecting frame. The bottom of the connecting frame is fixedly provided with a supporting plate, and a second supporting spring is vertically arranged between the supporting plate and the hinged frame. And an iron rack meshed with the second gear is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the top of the side grid. Before the length that the outer sleeve plate stretches out is adjusted to the slide, pull up the link and drive the backup pad compression second supporting spring for the stopper shifts out the hollow shaft, so that the second gear can the free rotation. And in the process of adjusting the length of the inner sliding plate extending out of the outer sleeve plate, the second gear and the iron rack are in a meshed state and rotate on the iron rack. The baffle supports to press the goods and compress tightly the back with the goods, loosens the link, and second supporting spring's elasticity effect drives link and stopper decline through the backup pad, and the stopper inserts in the hollow shaft, carries on spacingly to the second gear, and the second gear no longer produces the rotation to guarantee that the transportation goods in-process baffle supports all the time and presses and fix the goods on the goods.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, a first arc-shaped groove is formed in the top plate in a penetrating manner, and a second arc-shaped groove corresponding to the first arc-shaped groove is formed in the upper surface of the bottom plate. The bottom surface of the outer sleeve plate is fixedly provided with a guide rod which is in sliding fit with the first arc-shaped groove and the second arc-shaped groove. The bottom plate is fixedly provided with a rubber clamping sleeve matched with the guide rod. During the rotation of the partition board, the guide rod always slides in the first arc-shaped groove and the second arc-shaped groove, and the first arc-shaped groove and the second arc-shaped groove play a stable role in the guide rod, so that the motion stability of the partition board is ensured.
As a preferable technical scheme of the invention, a horizontal accommodating groove is formed in the side surface of the inner sliding plate, and a threaded rod is horizontally and fixedly installed in the accommodating groove. The threaded rod is provided with a sleeve in a rotating mode through threads, the bobbin is installed on the outer portion of the sleeve in a rotating mode, the surface of the bobbin is provided with a spiral wire clamping groove, and a rope is installed in the wire clamping groove. When the cargo capacity is so small that the partition cannot fix the cargo. The position of the sleeve on the threaded rod is adjusted by rotating the sleeve, and then one end of the rope on the winding drum is pulled out and then fixed on the side grating, so that the goods are fixed together through the side grating, the partition plate and the rope.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the number of the accommodating grooves, the threaded rods, the sleeves, the bobbins and the ropes on each inner sliding plate is three respectively. The threaded rods are parallel to each other and the distance between every two adjacent threaded rods is equal. The goods are fixed by the three ropes, and the fixing effect is improved.
As a preferred technical scheme of the present invention, the end surface of the bobbin is uniformly provided with a plurality of first slots along the circumferential direction thereof, the sleeve is provided with a second slot, the first slot and the second slot are slidably fitted with a plug, and the end of the plug is fixedly provided with a stop block. A return spring sleeved on the bolt is arranged between the stop block and the end surface of the sleeve. Before pulling out rope one end on the bobbin, earlier with dog and the outside pulling of bolt for the bolt shifts out the second slot, simultaneously extension reset spring. After one end of the rope is fixed on the side grid, the stop block is loosened, the stop block and the bolt are driven to reset under the action of the elastic force of the reset spring, the bolt is inserted into the second slot, and the limiting effect is achieved on the rotation of the winding drum, so that the rope is always in a tensioning state, and the fixing effect on goods is improved.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the side grid is provided with a fixing mechanism, and the fixing mechanism includes an inner clamping shell, an outer clamping shell, a first screw, a second screw, a first rubber block, a hollow cylinder, a second rubber block, a third rubber block, an oil groove, a first piston rod, a third support spring, a second piston rod, and a push-pull rod. The inner clamping shell is in vertical sliding fit with the inner side face of the side grid, the outer clamping shell is installed at the end of the inner clamping shell in a matched mode, the contact surface of the inner clamping shell and the outer clamping shell is in a stepped staggered mode, screw holes are formed in the contact surface of the inner clamping shell and the outer clamping shell, and the inner clamping shell and the outer clamping shell are fixed together through first screws. And a second screw is rotatably arranged on the outer clamping shell, and a first rubber block matched with the outer side surface of the side grid is fixedly arranged at the end part of the second screw. And pressing the inner clamping shell on the inner side surface of the side grid, butting the outer clamping shell and the inner clamping shell together, and fixedly connecting the outer clamping shell and the inner clamping shell by using a first screw. The second screw is rotated to drive the first rubber block to rotate and meanwhile abut against the outer side face of the side grid, so that the inner clamping shell, the outer clamping shell and the side grid are fixed together.
Fixed mounting has an empty core section of thick bamboo on the interior card shell, and the level is opened horizontally in an empty core section of thick bamboo is equipped with columniform and leads to the groove, has seted up first sliding tray along its axial on the lateral wall that leads to the groove, and the horizontal sliding fit has the second block rubber in the first sliding tray. A second sliding groove is formed in the side wall of the through groove along the radial direction of the side wall, and a third rubber block is in sliding fit in the second sliding groove. An oil groove is formed in the hollow cylinder, a first piston rod in sliding fit with the oil groove is fixedly installed at one end of the second rubber block, and a third supporting spring is fixedly installed at the other end of the second rubber block. And a second piston rod in sliding fit with the oil groove is fixedly arranged on the side surface of the third rubber block. The end part of the second piston rod is fixedly provided with a push-pull rod penetrating through the hollow cylinder. And pulling the push-pull rod outwards, pushing the first piston rod to drive the second rubber block to horizontally slide by hydraulic oil in the oil groove to compress the third supporting spring, and then loosening the push-pull rod after inserting one end of the rope into the hollow cylinder. The elasticity effect of third supporting spring promotes second rubber block and first piston rod reverse movement to hydraulic oil through in the oil groove promotes second piston rod and third rubber block, and the third rubber block is compressed tightly the rope on the second rubber block, plays fixed effect to the rope. When the goods receive inertial force effect to support and press on the rope among the vehicle driving process, the rope has the trend of shifting out the hollow cylinder, and the rope can drive second rubber block slight removal simultaneously, and the second rubber block removes the in-process and drives first piston rod removal to hydraulic oil through the oil groove promotes second piston rod and third rubber block, makes the third rubber block apply bigger packing force to the rope, thereby has avoided the rope to drop from the hollow cylinder.
As a preferable technical scheme of the invention, the contact surface of the inner clamping shell and the outer side surface of the side grid is covered with a layer of rubber sheet so as to increase the friction force between the inner clamping shell and the outer side surface of the side grid and ensure that one end of the rope cannot slide up and down along with the inner clamping shell after being fixed in the hollow cylinder, thereby improving the stability of fixing goods.
(III) advantageous effects
The invention has at least the following beneficial effects:
(1) in the actual use process of the light-weight storehouse grid type semi-trailer carriage, the carriage is divided into three mutually independent parts through the two rotary partition plates, the same kind of goods can be independently stored between the three parts, and the goods of different kinds are prevented from being mutually extruded together, so that the goods are prevented from being damaged. The length of the partition board can be adjusted, so that the areas of the three parts in the cargo compartment can be adjusted to adapt to different cargo carrying capacity.
(2) In the actual use process of the light-weight storehouse fence type semi-trailer carriage, goods between the partition plate and the side fence can be fixed through the rope, and the positions of two ends of the rope can be adjusted in the vertical and horizontal directions according to the actual goods carrying capacity, so that the goods cannot slide along with the running of a vehicle under the condition of half load or light load, and further the goods are prevented from being damaged.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
Fig. 1 is a top view of a light weight storage rack type semi-trailer compartment in an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of a bottom plate of a compartment of a light weight compartment grill type semitrailer in an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 3 is a side view of the light weight compartment-grid type semitrailer compartment without a side grid in the embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a carriage positioning mechanism of a lightweight bin gate type semitrailer in the embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the internal structure of a carriage sleeve of a lightweight bin grid type semitrailer in the embodiment of the invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic internal structure view of a compartment fixing mechanism of a lightweight bin gate type semitrailer in the embodiment of the invention.
In the figure: 1-bottom plate, 2-top plate, 3-side grid, 4-tail plate, 5-rotating shaft, 6-partition plate, 61-outer sleeve plate, 62-inner sliding plate, 7-first gear, 8-clamping block, 9-supporting block, 10-first supporting spring, 11-positioning mechanism, 111-hinging frame, 112-hollow shaft, 113-second gear, 114-connecting frame, 115-limiting block, 116-supporting plate, 117-second supporting spring, 12-iron rack, 13-first arc groove, 14-second arc groove, 15-guide rod, 16-rubber clamping sleeve, 17-accommodating groove, 18-threaded rod, 19-sleeve, 20-winding drum, 21-rope, 22-first slot, 23-bolt, 24-a stop block, 25-a return spring, 26-a fixing mechanism, 261-an inner clamping shell, 262-an outer clamping shell, 263-a first screw, 264-a second screw, 265-a first rubber block, 266-a hollow cylinder, 267-a second rubber block, 268-a third rubber block, 269-an oil groove, 2610-a first piston rod, 2611-a third supporting spring, 2612-a second piston rod, 2613-a push-pull rod and 2614-a rubber sheet.
Detailed Description
The embodiments of the invention will be described in detail below with reference to the drawings, but the invention can be implemented in many different ways as defined and covered by the claims.
As shown in fig. 1 to 6, the embodiment provides a light-weight compartment grid type semitrailer carriage, which comprises a bottom plate 1 horizontally and fixedly installed on a frame, a support column vertically and fixedly installed on the upper surface of the bottom plate 1, and a top plate 2 horizontally and fixedly installed on the top of the support column. The left side edge and the right side edge of the top plate 2 are hinged with side grids 3 with the same height, and the tail edge of the top plate 2 is hinged with a tail plate 4. Two rotating shafts 5 which vertically penetrate through the top plate 2 are rotatably arranged on the upper surface of the bottom plate 1, and a partition plate 6 which is vertical to the top plate 2 is fixedly arranged on each rotating shaft 5. The partition 6 is composed of an outer race plate 61 and an inner slide plate 62 which are slidably fitted to each other. The parts of the two rotating shafts 5 between the bottom plate 1 and the top plate 2 are horizontally and fixedly provided with first gears 7, and the two first gears 7 are meshed with each other. A door-shaped fixture block 8 is vertically and slidably mounted on the top plate 2, and the fixture block 8 is vertically and slidably matched with the transmission teeth of the first gear 7. A supporting block 9 is fixedly arranged on the clamping block 8, and a first supporting spring 10 is vertically arranged between the top of the supporting block 9 and the lower surface of the top plate 2.
The top of the tail end of the inner sliding plate 62 is provided with a positioning mechanism 11, and the positioning mechanism 11 comprises a hinge frame 111, a hollow shaft 112, a second gear 113, a connecting frame 114, a limiting block 115, a supporting plate 116 and a second supporting spring 117. The hinged frame 111 is fixedly arranged at the top of the tail end of the inner sliding plate 62, a hollow shaft 112 is vertically and rotatably arranged on the hinged frame 111, and the cross section of the inner part of the hollow shaft 112 is polygonal. A second gear 113 with magnetism is horizontally and fixedly installed outside the hollow shaft 112, an L-shaped connecting frame 114 is vertically and slidably matched on the hinge frame 111, and a limiting block 115 which is matched with the inside of the hollow shaft 112 is vertically and fixedly installed at the top of the connecting frame 114. A support plate 116 is fixedly mounted at the bottom of the connecting frame 114, and a second support spring 117 is vertically mounted between the support plate 116 and the hinge frame 111. An iron rack 12 meshed with the second gear 113 is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the top of the side grid 3. Before the length of the inner sliding plate 62 extending out of the outer sleeve plate 61 is adjusted, the connecting frame 114 is lifted upwards to drive the supporting plate 116 to compress the second supporting spring 117, so that the limiting block 115 moves out of the hollow shaft 112, and the second gear 113 can rotate freely. During the adjustment of the length of the inner slide plate 62 extending out of the outer race plate 61, the second gear 113 is engaged with the ferrous rack 12 and rotates on the ferrous rack 12. After the partition board 6 is pressed against the goods and compresses the goods, the connecting frame 114 is loosened, the elastic force of the second supporting spring 117 drives the connecting frame 114 and the limiting block 115 to descend through the supporting plate 116, the limiting block 115 is inserted into the hollow shaft 112 to limit the second gear 113, the second gear 113 does not rotate any more, and therefore the partition board 6 is always pressed against the goods to fix the goods in the goods transportation process.
In this embodiment, a first arc-shaped groove 13 is formed through the top plate 2, and a second arc-shaped groove 14 corresponding to the first arc-shaped groove 13 is formed on the upper surface of the bottom plate 1. The bottom surface of the outer sleeve plate 61 is fixedly provided with a guide rod 15 which is in sliding fit with the first arc-shaped groove 13 and the second arc-shaped groove 14. A rubber cutting sleeve 16 matched with the guide rod 15 is fixedly arranged on the bottom plate 1. In the rotating process of the partition board 6, the guide rod 15 always slides in the first arc-shaped groove 13 and the second arc-shaped groove 14, the first arc-shaped groove 13 and the second arc-shaped groove 14 play a stable role in the guide rod 15, and the motion stability of the partition board 6 is ensured.
In this embodiment, three horizontal accommodating grooves 17 are opened on the side surface of the inner sliding plate 62, and a threaded rod 18 is horizontally and fixedly installed in the accommodating grooves 17. The threaded rod 18 is provided with a sleeve 19 in a threaded rotation mode, the outside of the sleeve 19 is provided with a bobbin 20 in a rotation mode, the surface of the bobbin 20 is provided with a spiral wire clamping groove, and a rope 21 is arranged in the wire clamping groove. When the cargo capacity is so small that the partition 6 cannot fix the cargo. The position of the sleeve 19 on the threaded rod 18 is adjusted by rotating the sleeve 19, and then one end of the rope 21 on the bobbin 20 is pulled out and fixed on the side fence 3, so that the goods are fixed through the side fence 3, the partition plate 6 and the rope 21.
In this embodiment, a plurality of first slots 22 are uniformly formed in the end surface of the bobbin 20 along the circumferential direction thereof, a second slot is formed in the sleeve 19, a plug 23 is slidably fitted in the first slot 22 and the second slot, and a stop 24 is fixedly mounted at the end of the plug 23. A return spring 25 sleeved on the bolt 23 is arranged between the stop block 24 and the end surface of the sleeve 19. Before pulling out one end of the cord 21 on the reel 20, the stopper 24 and the plug 23 are pulled outward, so that the plug 23 moves out of the second slot while the return spring 25 is stretched. After one end of the rope 21 is fixed on the side grid 3, the stop block 24 is loosened, the stop block 24 and the bolt 23 are driven to reset under the action of the elastic force of the reset spring 25, the bolt 23 is inserted into the second slot, and the rotation of the winding drum 20 is limited, so that the rope 21 is always in a tensioning state, and the fixing effect on goods is improved.
In this embodiment, the fixing mechanism 26 is mounted on the side fence 3, and the fixing mechanism 26 includes an inner clamping shell 261, an outer clamping shell 262, a first screw 263, a second screw 264, a first rubber block 265, a hollow cylinder 266, a second rubber block 267, a third rubber block 268, an oil groove 269, a first piston rod 2610, a third supporting spring 2611, a second piston rod 2612 and a push-pull rod 2613. Interior card shell 261 and the vertical sliding fit of side bars 3 medial surface, the tip cooperation of interior card shell 261 is installed and is blocked shell 262 outward, and the contact surface of interior card shell 261 and outer card shell 262 personally submits the ladder crisscross form and has seted up the screw, and interior card shell 261 and outer card shell 262 are together fixed through first screw 263. A second screw 264 is rotatably mounted on the outer clamping shell 262, and a first rubber block 265 mutually matched with the outer side surface of the side grid 3 is fixedly mounted at the end part of the second screw 264. The inner clamping shell 261 is pressed on the inner side surface of the side grid 3, the outer clamping shell 262 and the inner clamping shell 261 are butted together, and the outer clamping shell 262 and the inner clamping shell 261 are fixedly connected by a first screw 263. The second screw 264 is rotated to drive the first rubber block 265 to rotate and meanwhile to abut against the outer side face of the side grid 3, so that the inner clamping shell 261, the outer clamping shell 262 and the side grid 3 are fixed together. Fixed mounting has hollow section of thick bamboo 266 on the interior card shell 261, and the level is opened horizontally in hollow section of thick bamboo 266 and is equipped with the columniform and leads to the groove, has seted up first sliding tray along its axial on the lateral wall that leads to the groove, and the horizontal sliding fit has second block rubber 267 in the first sliding tray. A second sliding groove is formed in the side wall of the through groove along the radial direction of the through groove, and a third rubber block 268 is arranged in the second sliding groove in a sliding fit mode. An oil groove 269 is formed in the hollow cylinder 266, a first piston rod 2610 in sliding fit with the oil groove 269 is fixedly mounted at one end of the second rubber block 267, and a third supporting spring 2611 is fixedly mounted at the other end of the second rubber block 267. A second piston rod 2612 which is in sliding fit with the oil groove 269 is fixedly arranged on the side surface of the third rubber block 268. A push-pull rod 2613 is fixedly mounted to an end of the second piston rod 2612 and extends through the hollow cylinder 266. The push-pull rod 2613 is pulled outwards, the hydraulic oil in the oil groove 269 pushes the first piston rod 2610 to drive the second rubber block 267 to slide horizontally to compress the third supporting spring 2611, and then one end of the rope 21 is inserted into the hollow cylinder 266 to release the push-pull rod 2613. The elastic force of the third supporting spring 2611 pushes the second rubber block 267 and the first piston rod 2610 to move in the opposite direction, and the hydraulic oil in the oil groove 269 pushes the second piston rod 2612 and the third rubber block 268, and the third rubber block 268 presses the rope 21 on the second rubber block 267 to fix the rope 21. When goods are pressed on the rope 21 under the action of inertia force in the running process of the vehicle, the rope 21 tends to move out of the hollow cylinder 266, meanwhile, the rope 21 drives the second rubber block 267 to slightly move, the second rubber block 267 drives the first piston rod 2610 to move in the moving process, and hydraulic oil in the oil groove 269 pushes the second piston rod 2612 and the third rubber block 268, so that the third rubber block 268 applies larger pressing force to the rope 21, and the rope 21 is prevented from falling off from the hollow cylinder 266.
In this embodiment, the contact surface between the inner clamping shell 261 and the outer side surface of the side grid 3 is covered with a layer of rubber sheet 2614 to increase the friction force between the inner clamping shell 261 and the outer side surface of the side grid 3, so as to ensure that one end of the rope 21 is fixed in the hollow cylinder 266 and then does not slide up and down along with the inner clamping shell 261, thereby improving the stability of fixing goods.
The steps of the light-weight storehouse bars formula semitrailer carriage freight back fixed goods of this embodiment are as follows: after the goods are loaded, the side grids 3 and the tail plates 4 are firstly rotated to be vertical and fixed. Then, the clamping block 8 is lifted upwards to drive the supporting block 9 to compress the first supporting spring 10, and the rotating shaft 5 connected with one of the partition plates 6 is driven to rotate by rotating one of the partition plates 6, so that the two first gears 7 are driven to rotate, and the other rotating shaft 5 and the partition plate 6 are further driven to rotate; the length of the inner sliding plate 62 extending out of the outer sleeve plate 61 is adjusted while the partition plates 6 rotate, so that the tail end of the outer sleeve plate 61 always butts against the side gates 3 until the two partition plates 6 are pressed against the goods and the goods are tightly pressed; and finally, the clamping block 8 is loosened, the elastic force of the first supporting spring 10 is transmitted to the clamping block 8 through the supporting block 9, the clamping block 8 is restored to the original position downwards, the two first gears 7 are clamped, and the two partition plates 6 are guaranteed not to rotate any more. According to the steps, the carriage is divided into three parts, namely a part consisting of two partition plates 6 and the tail plate 4, a part consisting of one partition plate 6 and one side grid 3, and a part consisting of the other partition plate 6 and the other side grid 3.
The position of the sleeve 19 on the threaded rod 18 is adjusted by rotating the sleeve 19, the positions of the inner clamping shell 261, the outer clamping shell 262 and the hollow cylinder 266 on the side fence 3 are adjusted, and then one end of the rope 21 on the winding cylinder 20 is pulled out and fixed in the hollow cylinder 266, so that the goods are fixed through the side fence 3, the partition plate 6 and the rope 21 together.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention and is not intended to limit the present invention, and various modifications and changes may be made by those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a lightweight storehouse bars formula semitrailer carriage which characterized in that: the light-weight bin gate type semitrailer carriage comprises a bottom plate (1) horizontally and fixedly mounted on a frame, a support column is vertically and fixedly mounted on the upper surface of the bottom plate (1), and a top plate (2) is horizontally and fixedly mounted at the top of the support column; the edges of the left side and the right side of the top plate (2) are hinged with side grids (3) with the same height, and the edge of the tail part of the top plate (2) is hinged with a tail plate (4); the upper surface of the bottom plate (1) is rotatably provided with two rotating shafts (5) which vertically penetrate through the top plate (2), and the rotating shafts (5) are fixedly provided with partition plates (6) which are vertical to the top plate (2); the partition plate (6) consists of an outer sleeve plate (61) and an inner sliding plate (62) which are mutually matched in a sliding way; a first gear (7) is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the part, positioned between the bottom plate (1) and the top plate (2), of the two rotating shafts (5), and the two first gears (7) are meshed with each other; a door-shaped fixture block (8) is vertically and slidably mounted on the top plate (2), and the fixture block (8) is vertically and slidably matched with the transmission teeth of the first gear (7); a supporting block (9) is fixedly arranged on the clamping block (8), and a first supporting spring (10) is vertically arranged between the top of the supporting block (9) and the lower surface of the top plate (2);
the top of the tail end of the inner sliding plate (62) is provided with a positioning mechanism (11), and the positioning mechanism (11) comprises a hinged frame (111), a hollow shaft (112), a second gear (113), a connecting frame (114), a limiting block (115), a supporting plate (116) and a second supporting spring (117); the hinged frame (111) is fixedly arranged at the top of the tail end of the inner sliding plate (62), a hollow shaft (112) is vertically and rotatably arranged on the hinged frame (111), and the cross section of the inner part of the hollow shaft (112) is polygonal; a second gear (113) with magnetism is horizontally and fixedly installed outside the hollow shaft (112), an L-shaped connecting frame (114) is vertically and slidably matched on the hinged frame (111), and a limiting block (115) mutually matched with the inside of the hollow shaft (112) is vertically and fixedly installed at the top of the connecting frame (114); a support plate (116) is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the connecting frame (114), and a second support spring (117) is vertically arranged between the support plate (116) and the hinged frame (111); an iron rack (12) which is meshed with the second gear (113) is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the top of the side grid (3).
2. The light-weight bin gate type semitrailer car body of claim 1, wherein: a first arc-shaped groove (13) is formed in the top plate (2) in a penetrating mode, and a second arc-shaped groove (14) corresponding to the first arc-shaped groove (13) in position is formed in the upper surface of the bottom plate (1); the bottom surface of the outer sleeve plate (61) is fixedly provided with a guide rod (15) which is in sliding fit with the first arc-shaped groove (13) and the second arc-shaped groove (14); a rubber cutting sleeve (16) which is matched with the guide rod (15) is fixedly arranged on the bottom plate (1).
3. The light-weight bin gate type semitrailer car body of claim 1, wherein: a horizontal accommodating groove (17) is formed in the side surface of the inner sliding plate (62), and a threaded rod (18) is horizontally and fixedly installed in the accommodating groove (17); a sleeve (19) is rotatably arranged on the threaded rod (18) through threads, a bobbin (20) is rotatably arranged outside the sleeve (19), a spiral wire clamping groove is formed in the surface of the bobbin (20), and a rope (21) is arranged in the wire clamping groove.
4. The light-weight bin gate type semitrailer car as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the number of the accommodating grooves (17), the threaded rods (18), the sleeves (19), the bobbins (20) and the ropes (21) on each inner sliding plate (62) is three respectively; the threaded rods (18) are parallel to each other, and the distance between every two adjacent threaded rods (18) is equal.
5. The light-weight bin gate type semitrailer car as claimed in claim 3, wherein: a plurality of first slots (22) are uniformly formed in the end face of the winding drum (20) along the circumferential direction of the winding drum, a second slot is formed in the sleeve (19), pins (23) are matched in the first slots (22) and the second slots in a sliding mode, and stop blocks (24) are fixedly mounted at the end portions of the pins (23); a return spring (25) sleeved on the plug pin (23) is arranged between the stop block (24) and the end surface of the sleeve (19).
6. The light-weight bin gate type semitrailer car as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the side fence (3) is provided with a fixing mechanism (26), and the fixing mechanism (26) comprises an inner clamping shell (261), an outer clamping shell (262), a first screw (263), a second screw (264), a first rubber block (265), a hollow cylinder (266), a second rubber block (267), a third rubber block (268), an oil groove (269), a first piston rod (2610), a third supporting spring (2611), a second piston rod (2612) and a push-pull rod (2613); the inner clamping shell (261) is vertically matched with the inner side surface of the side grid (3) in a sliding mode, the end portion of the inner clamping shell (261) is matched with the outer clamping shell (262), the contact surface of the inner clamping shell (261) and the contact surface of the outer clamping shell (262) are in a stepped staggered mode and provided with screw holes, and the inner clamping shell (261) and the outer clamping shell (262) are fixed together through a first screw (263); a second screw (264) is rotatably arranged on the outer clamping shell (262), and a first rubber block (265) matched with the outer side surface of the side grid (3) is fixedly arranged at the end part of the second screw (264);
a hollow cylinder (266) is fixedly installed on the inner clamping shell (261), a cylindrical through groove is horizontally arranged in the hollow cylinder (266), a first sliding groove is formed in the side wall of the through groove along the axial direction of the through groove, and a second rubber block (267) is horizontally and movably matched in the first sliding groove; a second sliding groove is formed in the side wall of the through groove along the radial direction of the through groove, and a third rubber block (268) is matched in the second sliding groove in a sliding mode; an oil groove (269) is formed in the hollow cylinder (266), one end of a second rubber block (267) is fixedly provided with a first piston rod (2610) which is in sliding fit with the oil groove (269), and the other end of the second rubber block (267) is fixedly provided with a third supporting spring (2611); a second piston rod (2612) which is in sliding fit with the oil groove (269) is fixedly arranged on the side surface of the third rubber block (268); the end of the second piston rod (2612) is fixedly provided with a push-pull rod (2613) which penetrates through the hollow cylinder (266).
7. The light-weight bin gate type semitrailer car of claim 6, wherein: the contact surface of the inner clamping shell (261) and the outer side surface of the side grid (3) is covered with a layer of rubber sheet (2614).
CN202010397972.4A 2020-05-12 2020-05-12 Lightweight storehouse bars formula semitrailer carriage Active CN111516763B (en)

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CN111638049B (en) * 2020-05-28 2022-07-08 高铁检测仪器(东莞)有限公司 Durable tester is detained to magnetic force

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FR2685277A1 (en) * 1991-12-20 1993-06-25 Libner Cism Tarpaulin-covered transport vehicle
US6764121B1 (en) * 1999-02-09 2004-07-20 Cordell Eric Bauer Truck bed extension
CN202923737U (en) * 2012-12-04 2013-05-08 单台阶 Box-type transporting trailer
CN205239673U (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-05-18 保定长安客车制造有限公司 Pick up is with three divisions of packing box structures
CN208344366U (en) * 2018-04-04 2019-01-08 邯郸市肥乡区远达车辆制造有限公司 A kind of varus self-tipping type storehouse grid semitrailer
CN109466639A (en) * 2018-12-06 2019-03-15 江苏海丰交通设备科技有限公司 A kind of semitrailer carriage easy to use

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2685277A1 (en) * 1991-12-20 1993-06-25 Libner Cism Tarpaulin-covered transport vehicle
US6764121B1 (en) * 1999-02-09 2004-07-20 Cordell Eric Bauer Truck bed extension
CN202923737U (en) * 2012-12-04 2013-05-08 单台阶 Box-type transporting trailer
CN205239673U (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-05-18 保定长安客车制造有限公司 Pick up is with three divisions of packing box structures
CN208344366U (en) * 2018-04-04 2019-01-08 邯郸市肥乡区远达车辆制造有限公司 A kind of varus self-tipping type storehouse grid semitrailer
CN109466639A (en) * 2018-12-06 2019-03-15 江苏海丰交通设备科技有限公司 A kind of semitrailer carriage easy to use

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