CN111512997A - Novel poultry hatching egg washing machine and washing method - Google Patents

Novel poultry hatching egg washing machine and washing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111512997A
CN111512997A CN202010474397.3A CN202010474397A CN111512997A CN 111512997 A CN111512997 A CN 111512997A CN 202010474397 A CN202010474397 A CN 202010474397A CN 111512997 A CN111512997 A CN 111512997A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
egg
box body
hatching
vehicle
washing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010474397.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵敏孟
王健
董飚
刘龙
耿拓宇
龚道清
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yangzhou University
Original Assignee
Yangzhou University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Yangzhou University filed Critical Yangzhou University
Priority to CN202010474397.3A priority Critical patent/CN111512997A/en
Publication of CN111512997A publication Critical patent/CN111512997A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K43/00Testing, sorting or cleaning eggs ; Conveying devices ; Pick-up devices
    • A01K43/005Cleaning, washing of eggs

Abstract

The invention discloses a novel poultry hatching egg washing machine which mainly comprises a motor, a box body, a spraying system, an egg washing vehicle, an egg vehicle track and a box door, wherein the box body is provided with a box opening; the egg washing vehicle can enter and exit the box body from the vehicle inlet, the vehicle inlet is provided with a door capable of being opened and closed, and the door is connected with the box body through a rotating shaft; the top end of the box body is provided with a spraying system which comprises a water pipe and a spraying plate; the water pipe is connected with an external pressure water source, the bottom of the water pipe is provided with a plurality of spray heads, and the spray heads are opposite to the spray plate; the hatching egg cleaning liquid cleans the hatching eggs on the egg vehicle through the spraying plate.

Description

Novel poultry hatching egg washing machine and washing method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of poultry hatching egg incubation, in particular to a novel poultry hatching egg washing machine and a cleaning method.
Background
The hatching rate of hatching eggs is influenced by various aspects such as hatching egg treatment and hatching management. The hatching rate of the eggs is improved, the cost of the young seedlings is reduced, and the method has important economic value. Because the sanitary conditions of some chicken raising factories are relatively poor, more bacteria (such as salmonella, escherichia coli and the like) are carried on the surfaces of hatching eggs, and the bacteria can be greatly proliferated and enter the eggs through air holes on the surfaces of the eggshells due to the increase of temperature and humidity in the hatching process, so that the embryo vitality is reduced and even the embryo dies. The hatching eggs are cleaned before hatching, harmful microorganisms such as bacteria on the surfaces of the hatching eggs and excrement, dirty blood, poultry house padding and the like which can breed bacteria can be removed, so that the pollution of the hatching eggs during hatching is reduced, the dead embryo rate is reduced, and the hatching effect is obviously improved.
In addition, when escherichia coli, salmonella, etc., which are not completely killed on the surface of the eggshell, enter the egg through the eggshell, infection of the embryo and the hatching fowl may be caused. The infected young birds can transmit the germs to other young birds in the hatching machine to cause cross infection, and the quality of the young birds is reduced. If the hatching eggs are effectively cleaned and disinfected, the propagation path of pathogenic bacteria entering the eggs through the eggshells can be cut off, and the quality of the young poultry is improved.
The prior art reports an egg washing machine, for example, patent ZL2017204892670 discloses an egg washing machine, which is formed by connecting a washing chamber and a drying chamber, wherein an S-shaped egg loading groove penetrates through the washing chamber and the drying chamber, the egg loading groove is connected with a rotating shaft, the rotating shaft is connected with a main shaft of a motor, the top end of the inner part of the washing chamber is provided with a rotating brush, and the side wall of the washing chamber is provided with a disinfectant water inlet pipe. The egg washer can not realize the turnover of eggs, is not completely cleaned, and can not clean partial surface; secondly, because the S-shaped egg containing groove is adopted, eggs enter in sequence, collision between the eggs is almost inevitable, the eggs are not easy to clean, the stability of the eggs is greatly influenced, and therefore the S-shaped egg containing groove is not suitable for cleaning and disinfecting the eggs.
The patent of CN2017216866272 discloses an egg washing machine, which comprises a frame, a box, a water spray pipe, an egg inlet, a first motor and a second motor, wherein the first motor and the second motor are respectively located at two ends of the bottom of the frame, the box is located at the bottom of the frame, the egg inlet is located on the box and close to the top of the first motor, the egg outlet is located in the box, a brush roller transversely penetrates through the box is arranged in the box, a first driving wheel is arranged at the end of the brush roller close to the egg outlet, spiral conveying devices are arranged at two sides of the brush roller, and a second driving wheel is arranged at the end of the spiral conveying device close to the first motor; the egg washer of this application appears blockking up easily, influences the cleaning performance.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention aims to provide a novel poultry hatching egg washing machine and a cleaning method, which can reduce the probability of blockage in the use process, increase the economic benefit of hatching enterprises and be used by large-scale hatching enterprises.
This patent is realized through following technical scheme:
a novel poultry hatching egg washing machine mainly comprises a box body, a spraying system, an egg washing vehicle, an egg vehicle track and a box door;
the outer side of the box body is provided with a car inlet, the floor of the box body is provided with an egg car track for the egg washing car to enter and exit, the egg car can enter and exit the box body from the car inlet, the car inlet is provided with a door capable of being opened and closed, and the door is connected with the box body through a rotating shaft; the top end of the box body is provided with a spraying system which comprises a water pipe and a spraying plate; the water pipe is connected with an external pressure water source, the spray plate is provided with a plurality of spray heads, and the spray heads are opposite to the egg vehicle; the hatching egg cleaning liquid cleans the hatching eggs on the egg vehicle through the spraying plate.
As the preferable technical scheme of the application, the bottom of the box body is provided with a water outlet.
As the preferred technical scheme of this application, spraying system passes through the motor and is connected with the water tank pipeline, and the motor provides power supply pressure water source.
Preferably, a mixer is further arranged between the water tank and the spraying system.
As the preferable technical scheme of the application, a water heater is arranged on the water tank and used for heating water in the water tank. As the preferred technical scheme of this application, the vertical board that sprays that is equipped with of board support sprays, the board that sprays is improved level and is equipped with a plurality of spray header, still be equipped with a plurality of shower nozzles on the board that sprays.
As a preferred technical scheme of the application, the spray head is a high-pressure spray head.
A method for cleaning poultry hatching eggs adopts the novel poultry hatching egg washing machine for cleaning.
A cleaning method of a novel poultry egg washing machine comprises the following specific steps:
(1) preparing egg washing liquid: adding the prepared egg washing liquid into an external water tank of the egg washing machine;
(2) egg code disc: before cleaning, loading an egg tray with an egg car, pushing the egg car into an egg washer, and closing a box door;
(3) washing hatching eggs: pressing a cleaning switch on a panel of the control cabinet, supplying water by using a water pipe at the top of the egg washing box body, and washing the hatching eggs by a spraying system below;
(4) drying: after the hatching eggs are washed, the egg trolley is pushed out of the egg washing machine, and the water is dried.
Preferably, the egg washing liquid is heated and then is conveyed to a spraying system.
Advantageous effects
Compared with the prior art, the novel poultry egg washing machine and the cleaning method provided by the invention have the following beneficial effects:
(1) the invention reduces the probability of blockage of the egg trolley, can ensure the cleaning effect, washes away pathogenic bacteria, excrement, blood, poultry house padding and the like on the surface of the hatching eggs, and improves the hatchability;
(2) can improve the healthy chick rate and increase the economic benefit of the hatchery.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front view of an egg washer for eggs that are not easily clogged;
FIG. 2 is a front view of a novel poultry egg washer according to example 3 of the present invention;
wherein: 1-a box body; 2-spraying a water pipe; 3-spraying a plate; 4-spraying plate support; 5-egg vehicle track; 6-external water tank; 7-a control panel; 8-a box door; 9-a heater.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to examples.
Example 1
A novel poultry hatching egg washing machine mainly comprises a box body, a spraying system, an egg washing vehicle, an egg vehicle track and a box door;
the outer side of the box body is provided with a car inlet, the floor of the box body is provided with an egg car track for the egg washing car to enter and exit, the egg car can enter and exit the box body from the car inlet, the car inlet is provided with a door capable of being opened and closed, and the door is connected with the box body through a rotating shaft; the top end of the box body is provided with a spraying system which comprises a water pipe and a spraying plate; the water pipe is connected with an external pressure water source, a plurality of spray heads are arranged on the spray plate, and the spray heads are opposite to the egg vehicle; the hatching egg cleaning liquid cleans the hatching eggs on the egg vehicle through the spraying plate.
Example 2
A cleaning method of a novel poultry egg washing machine comprises the following specific steps:
(1) preparing egg washing liquid: adding the prepared egg washing liquid into an external water tank of the egg washing machine;
(2) egg code disc: before cleaning, loading an egg tray with an egg car, pushing the egg car into an egg washer, and closing a box door;
(3) washing hatching eggs: pressing a cleaning switch on a panel of the control cabinet, supplying water by using a water pipe at the top of the egg washing box body, and washing the hatching eggs by a spraying system below;
(4) drying: after the hatching eggs are washed, the egg trolley is pushed out of the egg washing machine, and the water is dried.
Example 3
A novel poultry hatching egg washing machine mainly comprises a motor, a box body, a spraying system, an egg washing vehicle, an egg vehicle track and a box door;
the outer side of the box body is provided with a car inlet, the floor of the box body is provided with an egg car track for the egg washing car to enter and exit, the egg car can enter and exit the box body from the car inlet, the car inlet is provided with a door capable of being opened and closed, and the door is connected with the box body through a rotating shaft; the top end of the box body is provided with a spraying system which comprises a water pipe and a spraying plate; the water pipe is connected with an external pressure water source, the bottom of the water pipe is provided with a plurality of spray heads, and the spray heads are opposite to the spray plate; the hatching egg cleaning liquid cleans the hatching eggs on the egg vehicle through the spraying plate; the spraying plate support is vertically provided with a spraying plate, the spraying plate is horizontally provided with a plurality of spraying water pipes, and the spraying plate is also provided with a plurality of spray heads.
The water tank is provided with a water heater for heating water in the water tank, the spray head is a high-pressure spray head, and a mixer is further arranged between the water tank and the spray system for further mixing disinfectant.
Example 4
The hatching egg cleaning method using the egg washer in the embodiment 3 sequentially comprises the following steps:
(1) preparing and heating an egg washing liquid: adding tap water into an external water tank of the egg washer, heating the water tank to 30-42 ℃ by a heater, adding 10-11% sodium hypochlorite to prepare 2600-4000ppm egg washing liquid, and keeping the water temperature at 30-42 ℃;
(2) egg code disc: before cleaning, loading an egg tray with egg cars, pushing the egg cars into an egg washer (two egg cars can be pushed in at one time), and closing an egg washer door; .
(3) Washing hatching eggs: pressing a cleaning switch on a panel of the control cabinet, supplying water by using a water pipe at the top of the egg washing box body, and washing the hatching eggs by a spraying system below;
(4) drying: after the hatching eggs are washed, pushing the egg trolley out of the egg washing machine, and airing moisture;
(5) hatching eggs: and pushing the aired hatching eggs into an incubator to hatch.
The protection of the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments. Variations and advantages that may occur to those skilled in the art may be incorporated into the invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the inventive concept and the scope of the appended claims is intended to be protected.

Claims (9)

1. A novel poultry hatching egg washing machine is characterized by mainly comprising a box body, a spraying system, an egg washing vehicle, an egg vehicle track and a box door;
the egg washing machine is characterized in that a vehicle inlet is formed in the outer side of the box body, an egg vehicle track for the egg washing vehicle to enter and exit is formed in the horizontal ground of the box body, the egg vehicle can enter and exit the box body from the vehicle inlet, a door capable of being opened and closed is arranged at the vehicle inlet, and the door is connected with the box body through a rotating shaft;
the top end of the box body is provided with a spraying system which comprises a water pipe and a spraying plate; the water pipe is connected with an external pressure water source, the spray plate is provided with a plurality of spray heads, and the spray heads are opposite to the egg washing vehicle; the hatching egg cleaning liquid cleans the hatching eggs on the egg vehicle through the spraying plate.
2. The novel poultry egg washing machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein a water outlet is provided at the bottom of the box body.
3. The novel poultry hatching egg washing machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the spraying system is connected with a water tank pipeline through a motor, and the motor provides a power supply pressure water source.
4. The novel poultry egg washer as claimed in claim 3, wherein a mixer is further provided between the water tank and the spray system.
5. The novel poultry egg washer as claimed in claim 1, wherein a water heater is provided on the water tank for heating water in the water tank.
6. The novel poultry hatching egg washing machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the spray plate bracket is vertically provided with a spray plate, the spray plate is horizontally provided with a plurality of spray water pipes, and the spray plate is further provided with a plurality of spray heads.
7. The novel poultry egg washer as claimed in claim 1, wherein the spray head is a high pressure spray head.
8. A method for cleaning poultry hatching eggs, which is characterized in that the novel poultry hatching egg washing machine of claim 3 is used for cleaning.
9. The method for washing poultry hatching eggs, as claimed in claim 8, is characterized by comprising the following specific steps:
(1) preparing egg washing liquid: adding the prepared egg washing liquid into an external water tank of the egg washing machine;
(2) egg code disc: before cleaning, loading an egg tray with an egg car, pushing the egg car into an egg washer, and closing a box door;
(3) washing hatching eggs: pressing a cleaning switch on a panel of the control cabinet, supplying water by using a water pipe at the top of the egg washing box body, and washing the hatching eggs by a spraying system below;
(4) drying: after the hatching eggs are washed, the egg trolley is pushed out of the egg washing machine, and the water is dried.
CN202010474397.3A 2020-05-29 2020-05-29 Novel poultry hatching egg washing machine and washing method Pending CN111512997A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010474397.3A CN111512997A (en) 2020-05-29 2020-05-29 Novel poultry hatching egg washing machine and washing method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010474397.3A CN111512997A (en) 2020-05-29 2020-05-29 Novel poultry hatching egg washing machine and washing method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111512997A true CN111512997A (en) 2020-08-11

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ID=71912547

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010474397.3A Pending CN111512997A (en) 2020-05-29 2020-05-29 Novel poultry hatching egg washing machine and washing method

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113994900A (en) * 2021-09-24 2022-02-01 山东和康源生物育种股份有限公司 Novel egg washing spraying device and spraying cleaning method

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2512250Y (en) * 2001-11-28 2002-09-25 青岛保税区依爱电子有限责任公司 Frame type egg sterilizing and cleaning machine
CN202160524U (en) * 2011-07-12 2012-03-14 中澳控股集团有限公司 Hatching egg cleaning machine
CN203897031U (en) * 2014-06-13 2014-10-29 张根晓 Power-driven egg cleaning machine
CN207678651U (en) * 2017-12-06 2018-08-03 浙江小神仙食品有限公司 A kind of egg cleaner
CN108513927A (en) * 2018-06-05 2018-09-11 青岛保税区依爱电子有限责任公司 A kind of tunnel type washes egg device
CN209498252U (en) * 2018-12-30 2019-10-18 上海罗克环控节能科技股份有限公司 Egg system is washed in a kind of hatching of heat exchange type

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2512250Y (en) * 2001-11-28 2002-09-25 青岛保税区依爱电子有限责任公司 Frame type egg sterilizing and cleaning machine
CN202160524U (en) * 2011-07-12 2012-03-14 中澳控股集团有限公司 Hatching egg cleaning machine
CN203897031U (en) * 2014-06-13 2014-10-29 张根晓 Power-driven egg cleaning machine
CN207678651U (en) * 2017-12-06 2018-08-03 浙江小神仙食品有限公司 A kind of egg cleaner
CN108513927A (en) * 2018-06-05 2018-09-11 青岛保税区依爱电子有限责任公司 A kind of tunnel type washes egg device
CN209498252U (en) * 2018-12-30 2019-10-18 上海罗克环控节能科技股份有限公司 Egg system is washed in a kind of hatching of heat exchange type

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113994900A (en) * 2021-09-24 2022-02-01 山东和康源生物育种股份有限公司 Novel egg washing spraying device and spraying cleaning method

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