CN111501852A - Structure is built to antidetonation room - Google Patents

Structure is built to antidetonation room Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111501852A
CN111501852A CN202010367949.0A CN202010367949A CN111501852A CN 111501852 A CN111501852 A CN 111501852A CN 202010367949 A CN202010367949 A CN 202010367949A CN 111501852 A CN111501852 A CN 111501852A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
supporting plate
foundation pit
plate
orientation
seismic
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010367949.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胡志钦
洪秀晓
胡银朋
李赟斌
胡晓南
赵亚楠
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yueqing Urban Construction Engineering Co ltd
Original Assignee
Yueqing Urban Construction Engineering Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Yueqing Urban Construction Engineering Co ltd filed Critical Yueqing Urban Construction Engineering Co ltd
Priority to CN202010367949.0A priority Critical patent/CN111501852A/en
Publication of CN111501852A publication Critical patent/CN111501852A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D31/00Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures; Ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution
    • E02D31/08Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures; Ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution against transmission of vibrations or movements in the foundation soil

Abstract

The invention relates to an anti-seismic building structure, which relates to the technical field of building engineering and comprises a foundation pit, a fixed plate fixedly arranged at the bottom of the foundation pit, a supporting plate arranged in the foundation pit, a first anti-seismic mechanism arranged between the supporting plate and the foundation pit and used for resisting seismic on a horizontal plane, a second anti-seismic mechanism arranged between the fixed plate and the foundation pit and used for resisting seismic in a vertical direction, and an upright post fixedly arranged on the supporting plate, wherein the first anti-seismic mechanism is arranged on the horizontal plane; the first anti-seismic mechanism comprises a plurality of horizontal springs fixedly connected to the circumferential surface of the supporting plate and fixed blocks fixedly installed at the free ends of the horizontal springs respectively, and the fixed blocks abut against the side wall of the foundation pit through the horizontal springs; the second anti-vibration mechanism comprises a plurality of vibration dampers, two ends of each vibration damper are hinged to the supporting plate and the fixing plate respectively, and the area of the area formed by connecting the plurality of vibration dampers to the supporting plate is smaller than the area of the area formed by connecting the plurality of vibration dampers to the fixing plate. The invention has the effect of improving the earthquake resistance coefficient of the house.

Description

Structure is built to antidetonation room
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of constructional engineering, in particular to an earthquake-resistant building structure.
Background
With the frequent occurrence of natural disasters in recent years, earthquakes are natural disasters with serious damages, and property loss and casualties caused by earthquakes are mainly caused by the collapse of buildings. The earthquake can go quickly, and often happens in a short time of tens of seconds or even tens of seconds, so people can hardly escape from a room, particularly a high-rise building, in such a short time.
The existing house building process is mostly completed by using prefabricated wall boards. At the in-process of staff's building, the staff is at first with the overall structure building completion back of prefabricated wall, prefabricated floor and precast column, then uses the iron wire to bind the reinforcing bar and use the concrete to cast after being in the connected position of prefabricated wall, prefabricated floor and precast column three together, treat behind the concrete cooling alright with prefabricated wall, prefabricated floor and precast column three rigidity.
After current housing construction was accomplished, the whole of house is more dispersed, although bind prefabricated wall, prefabricated floor and prefabricated post three's hookup location's reinforcing bar, it can make the gap between prefabricated wall, prefabricated floor and the prefabricated post three's hookup location's reinforcing bar great to pour the in-process, in case the earthquake comes, ground drives the house and rocks in the horizontal direction, prefabricated wall, prefabricated floor and prefabricated post three will take place horizontal direction's relative displacement very easily, will make the house collapse in the twinkling of an eye like this, the shock resistance coefficient of house is lower, influence people's life safety.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects in the prior art, the invention aims to provide an earthquake-resistant building structure which has the effect of improving the earthquake-resistant coefficient of a house.
The above object of the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
an earthquake-resistant building structure comprises a foundation pit, a fixed plate fixedly arranged at the bottom of the foundation pit, a supporting plate arranged in the foundation pit, a first earthquake-resistant mechanism arranged between the supporting plate and the foundation pit and used for resisting earthquake on a horizontal plane, a second earthquake-resistant mechanism arranged between the fixed plate and the foundation pit and used for resisting earthquake in a vertical direction, and an upright post fixedly arranged on the supporting plate; the first anti-seismic mechanism comprises a plurality of horizontal springs fixedly connected to the circumferential surface of the supporting plate and fixed blocks fixedly installed at the free ends of the horizontal springs respectively, and the fixed blocks abut against the side wall of the foundation pit through the horizontal springs; the second anti-vibration mechanism comprises a plurality of vibration dampers, two ends of each vibration damper are hinged to the supporting plate and the fixing plate respectively, and the area of the area formed by connecting the plurality of vibration dampers to the supporting plate is smaller than the area of the area formed by connecting the plurality of vibration dampers to the fixing plate
The invention is further configured to: the side wall of the foundation pit is provided with a plurality of sliding grooves, the sliding grooves are arranged along the depth direction of the foundation pit, and the fixing blocks are arranged in the sliding grooves in a sliding mode respectively.
The invention is further configured to: the spout is T type groove, the fixed block is the T type piece with spout matched with, the directional spacing slip of T type piece in T type inslot.
The invention is further configured to: the shock absorber comprises a shock absorption sleeve with one end hinged to the fixed plate, a shock absorption rod with one end hinged to the supporting plate and a shock absorption spring with one end fixedly installed in the shock absorption sleeve, and the other end of the shock absorption rod is inserted into the shock absorption sleeve and fixedly connected with the other end of the shock absorption spring.
The invention is further configured to: the damping rod is far away from the fixed baffle that is provided with of one end of being connected with the backup pad, damping spring's one end contradict in on the baffle damping sleeve's port is provided with the closing plate, the damping rod slides and wears to locate the closing plate, just is in be provided with buffer spring between closing plate and the baffle.
The invention is further configured to: set up a plurality of orientation grooves from inside to outside direction diffusion on the fixed plate, all directional the slip is provided with the orientation piece in the orientation groove, the orientation piece respectively through a first universal joint with damping sleeve is articulated, the shock attenuation pole is articulated through a second universal joint and backup pad install compression spring in the orientation groove, compression spring's both ends respectively with the cell wall fixed connection in orientation piece and orientation groove.
The invention is further configured to: an orientation rod is fixedly installed in the orientation sleeve, the orientation block is arranged on the orientation rod in a sliding mode, and the compression spring is sleeved outside the orientation rod.
The invention is further configured to: all be provided with the reference column on the global of fixed block and backup pad, the both ends of horizontal spring set up respectively in the outside of fixed column.
The invention is further configured to: and a vertical spring is arranged between the supporting plate and the fixing plate.
The invention is further configured to: the utility model discloses a building foundation ditch, including base, stand, buffer pad, backup pad, stand and upright post, the buffer pad is installed to the port of base, the backup pad is installed between buffer pad and base, just the stand wears to locate arrange outward.
In conclusion, the beneficial technical effects of the invention are as follows: when the house is vibrated on the horizontal plane, the horizontal springs in the first anti-vibration mechanism arranged on the peripheral surface of the supporting plate generate corresponding deformation, and the elimination effect among the horizontal springs realizes the anti-vibration effect on the horizontal plane between the upright post and the supporting plate; when the house is vibrated on a vertical surface, one end of the shock absorption rod is positioned in the shock absorption sleeve to slide through a second shock absorption mechanism formed by a plurality of shock absorbers hinged between the fixed plate and the supporting plate, the shock absorption spring and the buffer spring are correspondingly deformed, and the shock absorption effect in the vertical direction is realized when the distance between the supporting plate and the fixed plate is changed; meanwhile, the damping sleeve is stressed to drive the directional block to slide on the directional rod in the directional groove, and two ends of the compression spring are positioned between the directional block and the directional groove to generate deformation, so that the anti-seismic effect of the second anti-seismic mechanism is further improved; and when the backup pad is in the foundation ditch vertical direction and produces the displacement, the fixed block is located the spout and does directional slip, realizes the effect that first antidetonation mechanism and second antidetonation mechanism mutually supported, through set up backup pad, first antidetonation mechanism and second antidetonation mechanism in the foundation ditch, realizes the antidetonation effect of two dimensions on horizontal plane and perpendicular between foundation ditch and the stand, and then improves the effect of the shock resistance coefficient of house.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is an external structural view of an earthquake-resistant building structure;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the anti-seismic building structure at the axis of the horizontal spring in the first anti-seismic mechanism;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of the fixing plate, the supporting plate and the second anti-seismic mechanism;
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view at the axis of the shock absorbing sleeve in the second anti-vibration mechanism.
In the figure, 1, a foundation pit; 11. a chute; 2. a fixing plate; 21. a directional tank; 22. an orientation bar; 23. an orientation block; 24. a compression spring; 3. a support plate; 4. a first anti-seismic mechanism; 41. a horizontal spring; 42. a fixed block; 43. a positioning column; 5. a second anti-seismic mechanism; 51. a shock absorber; 52. a shock-absorbing sleeve; 521. a sealing plate; 53. a shock-absorbing lever; 531. a baffle plate; 54. a damping spring; 55. a buffer spring; 56. a first universal joint; 57. the second universal joint is hinged; 58. a vertical spring; 6. a column; 7. a cushion pad.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
An anti-seismic building structure is shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2 and comprises a foundation pit 1, a fixing plate 2 fixedly installed at the bottom of the foundation pit 1, a supporting plate 3 arranged in the foundation pit 1, a first anti-seismic mechanism 4 installed between the supporting plate 3 and the foundation pit 1 and used for resisting seismic on a horizontal plane, a second anti-seismic mechanism 5 installed between the fixing plate 2 and the foundation pit 1 and used for resisting seismic in a vertical direction, a stand column 6 fixedly arranged on the supporting plate 3 and a cushion pad 7 arranged at a port of the foundation pit 1; the supporting plate 3 is arranged between the cushion pad 7 and the foundation pit 1, and the free end of the upright post 6 is arranged outside the cushion pad 7 in a penetrating way.
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, the foundation pit 1 is a regular polygonal pit, and the support plate 3 is a regular polygonal plate which is matched with the foundation pit 1; the first anti-vibration mechanism 4 comprises a plurality of horizontal springs 41 which are respectively and fixedly connected to the circumferential surface of the supporting plate 3 and fixed blocks 42 which are respectively and fixedly arranged at the free ends of the horizontal springs 41; the side wall of the foundation pit 1 is provided with sliding chutes 11, the sliding chutes 11 are T-shaped grooves, and the sliding chutes 11 are arranged along the depth direction of the foundation pit 1; the fixing blocks 42 are T-shaped blocks matched with the sliding grooves 11, and the fixing blocks 42 are arranged in one-to-one correspondence with the sliding grooves 11 and the horizontal springs 41 in terms of number.
As shown in fig. 2 to 4, the T-shaped block is directionally limited and slides in the T-shaped groove along the depth direction of the foundation pit 1, the horizontal spring 41 is in a compressed state in an initial state, and the fixing block 42 is abutted against the side wall of the foundation pit 1 by the restoring force of the horizontal spring 41; the horizontal spring 41 between the fixing block 42 and the support plate 3 generates corresponding deformation, so that the support plate 3 realizes the anti-seismic effect on the horizontal plane; and the T-shaped block slides in the T-shaped groove in a limiting way, so that the support plate 3 and the foundation pit 1 are relatively fixed on the horizontal plane.
As shown in fig. 2 and 3, in order to improve the stability of the horizontal spring 41 during the deformation, positioning posts 43 are correspondingly and fixedly disposed on the circumferential surfaces of the fixing block 42 and the supporting plate 3, and two ends of the horizontal spring 41 are respectively disposed on the outer sides of the fixing posts.
As shown in fig. 4 and 5, the second anti-vibration mechanism 5 includes a plurality of shock absorbers 51, two ends of which are respectively hinged to the supporting plate 3 and the fixing plate 2, four shock absorbers 51 are provided in the present scheme, and the area of the area enclosed by the four shock absorbers 51 connected to the supporting plate 3 is smaller than the area enclosed by the four shock absorbers connected to the fixing plate 2, that is, the area formed between the shock absorbers 51 and the supporting plate 3 and the fixing plate 2 is frustum pyramid-shaped; the shock-absorbing effect when the distance between the support plate 3 and the fixed plate 2 is changed is achieved by the plurality of shock-absorbers 51.
As shown in fig. 4 and 5, the damper 51 includes a damping sleeve 52 having one end hinged to the support plate 3, a damping rod 53 having one end hinged to the support plate 3 through a second universal joint 57, and a damping spring 54 fixedly installed in the damping sleeve 52; the other end of the shock-absorbing rod 53 is inserted into the shock-absorbing sleeve 52, and a baffle 531 is fixedly arranged at the end of the shock-absorbing rod 53, and two ends of the shock-absorbing spring 54 respectively abut against the bottom of the shock-absorbing sleeve 52 and the baffle 531.
As shown in fig. 4 and 5, a sealing plate 521 is provided at a port of the damper sleeve 52, the damper rod 53 is slidably inserted through the sealing plate 521 toward one end of the baffle 531 and is installed in the damper sleeve 52 with a limit, and a buffer spring 55 is provided between the sealing plate 521 and the baffle 531; by the damping rod 53 sliding in the damping sleeve 52, the damping spring 54 and the damping spring 55 deform accordingly, so that the distance between the supporting plate 3 and the fixing plate 2 can be changed, and the vertical anti-vibration effect can be realized.
As shown in fig. 4 and 5, in order to further improve the anti-vibration effect of the second anti-vibration mechanism 5, a plurality of directional grooves 21 are formed in the fixing plate 2 and spread from inside to outside, that is, the directional grooves 21 are located on two diagonal lines of the fixing plate 2; the directional rods 22 are fixedly installed in the directional grooves 21 along the length direction of the directional rods, the directional blocks 23 are directionally and slidably arranged in the directional grooves 21, the directional blocks 23 are slidably arranged on the directional rods 22, and the directional blocks 23 are respectively hinged with one end, far away from the shock absorption rod 53, of the shock absorption sleeve 52 through a first universal joint 56; a compression spring 24 is sleeved on the orientation rod 22, and two ends of the compression spring 24 are respectively fixedly connected with the slot walls of the orientation block 23 and the orientation slot 21.
As shown in fig. 2, a vertical spring 58 is fixedly installed between the supporting plate 3 and the fixing plate 2 to improve the anti-vibration effect between the supporting plate 3 and the fixing plate 2 in the vertical direction; further improving the effect of the earthquake resistance coefficient of the house.
The implementation principle of the embodiment is as follows: when the house is vibrated on the horizontal plane, the horizontal springs 41 in the first anti-vibration mechanisms 4 arranged on the peripheral surface of the supporting plate 3 generate corresponding deformation, and the anti-vibration effect between the plurality of horizontal springs 41 on the horizontal plane is realized; when the house is vibrated on a vertical plane, one end of a damping rod 53 is positioned in a damping sleeve 52 to slide through a second anti-vibration mechanism 5 formed by a plurality of dampers 51 hinged between the fixed plate 2 and the supporting plate 3, a damping spring 54 and a damping spring 55 are correspondingly deformed, and the anti-vibration effect in the vertical direction is realized when the distance between the supporting plate 3 and the fixed plate 2 is changed; meanwhile, the shock absorption sleeve 52 is stressed to drive the orientation block 23 to slide on the orientation rod 22 in the orientation groove 21, and two ends of the compression spring 24 are positioned between the orientation block 23 and the orientation groove 21 to generate deformation, so that the shock resistance effect of the second shock absorption mechanism 5 is further improved; and when backup pad 3 was in 1 vertical direction in foundation ditch and produced the displacement, fixed block 42 was located spout 11 and is done directional slip, realized the effect that first antidetonation mechanism 4 and second antidetonation mechanism 5 mutually supported, through set up backup pad 3, first antidetonation mechanism 4 and second antidetonation mechanism 5 in foundation ditch 1, realized the antidetonation effect of two dimensions on horizontal plane and perpendicular between foundation ditch 1 and the stand 6, and then improved the effect of the shock resistance coefficient in house.
The present embodiment is only for explaining the present invention, and it is not limited to the present invention, and those skilled in the art can make modifications of the present embodiment without inventive contribution as needed after reading the present specification, but all of them are protected by patent law within the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a structure is built to antidetonation room which characterized in that: the anti-seismic device comprises a foundation pit (1), a fixing plate (2) fixedly installed at the bottom of the foundation pit (1), a supporting plate (3) arranged in the foundation pit (1), a first anti-seismic mechanism (4) installed between the supporting plate (3) and the foundation pit (1) and used for resisting seismic on a horizontal plane, a second anti-seismic mechanism (5) installed between the fixing plate (2) and the foundation pit (1) and used for resisting seismic in a vertical direction, and an upright post (6) fixedly arranged on the supporting plate (3); the first anti-seismic mechanism (4) comprises a plurality of horizontal springs (41) fixedly connected to the circumferential surface of the supporting plate (3) and fixing blocks (42) fixedly installed at the free ends of the horizontal springs (41) respectively, and the fixing blocks (42) abut against the side wall of the foundation pit (1) through the horizontal springs (41); the second anti-seismic mechanism (5) comprises a plurality of shock absorbers (51), two ends of each shock absorber (51) are hinged to the supporting plate (3) and the fixing plate (2) respectively, and the area of an area formed by connecting the shock absorbers (51) to the supporting plate (3) in a surrounding mode is smaller than the area of an area formed by connecting the shock absorbers to the fixing plate (2) in a surrounding mode.
2. An earthquake-resistant building structure according to claim 1, characterized in that: the side wall of the foundation pit (1) is provided with a sliding groove (11), the sliding grooves (11) are arranged along the depth direction of the foundation pit (1), and the fixing blocks (42) are arranged in the sliding grooves (11) in a sliding mode.
3. An earthquake-resistant building structure according to claim 2, wherein: the sliding groove (11) is a T-shaped groove, the fixing block (42) is a T-shaped block matched with the sliding groove (11), and the T-shaped block slides in the T-shaped groove in a directional limiting mode.
4. An earthquake-resistant building structure according to claim 1, characterized in that: the shock absorber (51) comprises a shock absorption sleeve (52) with one end hinged to the fixing plate (2), a shock absorption rod (53) with one end hinged to the supporting plate (3) and a shock absorption spring (54) fixedly installed in the shock absorption sleeve (52), wherein the other end of the shock absorption rod (53) is inserted into the shock absorption sleeve (52) and fixedly connected with the other end of the shock absorption spring (54).
5. An earthquake-resistant building structure according to claim 4, wherein: the damping rod (53) is far away from one end connected with the supporting plate (3) and is fixedly provided with a baffle plate (531), one end of the damping spring (54) abuts against the baffle plate (531), a sealing plate (521) is arranged at the port of the damping sleeve (52), the damping rod (53) penetrates through the sealing plate (521) in a sliding mode, and a buffer spring (55) is arranged between the sealing plate (521) and the baffle plate (531).
6. An earthquake-resistant building structure according to claim 5, wherein: offer a plurality of orientation grooves (21) of from inside to outside direction diffusion on fixed plate (2), all directional slides in orientation groove (21) and be provided with orientation piece (23), orientation piece (23) respectively through a first universal joint (56) with damping sleeve (52) are articulated, shock attenuation pole (53) are articulated through a second universal joint and backup pad (3) install compression spring (24) in orientation groove (21), the both ends of compression spring (24) respectively with the cell wall fixed connection of orientation piece (23) and orientation groove (21).
7. An earthquake-resistant building structure according to claim 6, wherein: an orientation rod (22) is fixedly installed in the orientation groove (21), the orientation block (23) is arranged on the orientation rod (22) in a sliding mode, and the compression spring (24) is sleeved outside the orientation rod (22).
8. An earthquake-resistant building structure according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: the peripheral surfaces of the fixing block (42) and the supporting plate (3) are provided with positioning columns (43), and two ends of the horizontal spring (41) are arranged on the outer sides of the positioning columns respectively.
9. An earthquake-resistant building structure according to claim 1, characterized in that: a vertical spring (58) is arranged between the supporting plate (3) and the fixing plate (2).
10. An earthquake-resistant building structure according to claim 1, characterized in that: buffer pad (7) are installed to the port of foundation ditch (1), backup pad (3) are installed between buffer pad (7) and foundation ditch (1), just stand (6) are worn to locate arrange outward buffer pad (7).
CN202010367949.0A 2020-04-30 2020-04-30 Structure is built to antidetonation room Pending CN111501852A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010367949.0A CN111501852A (en) 2020-04-30 2020-04-30 Structure is built to antidetonation room

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010367949.0A CN111501852A (en) 2020-04-30 2020-04-30 Structure is built to antidetonation room

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111501852A true CN111501852A (en) 2020-08-07

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010367949.0A Pending CN111501852A (en) 2020-04-30 2020-04-30 Structure is built to antidetonation room

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112127475A (en) * 2020-09-24 2020-12-25 山东天智信息科技有限公司 Anti-seismic structural steel framework
CN113136905A (en) * 2021-05-13 2021-07-20 甘肃建筑职业技术学院 Ancient building foundation reinforcing structure

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20150004360U (en) * 2014-05-27 2015-12-07 임영묵 The spiral-shaped support structure
CN208221464U (en) * 2018-04-08 2018-12-11 郑州铁路职业技术学院 A kind of damping device for construction machine
CN110144926A (en) * 2019-06-07 2019-08-20 庞永庆 A kind of damping building structure of pillar ground
CN209742458U (en) * 2019-02-18 2019-12-06 闫远善 assembled building shock-absorbing structure
CN209799055U (en) * 2019-02-21 2019-12-17 湖南城建职业技术学院 Assembled building shock-absorbing structure

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20150004360U (en) * 2014-05-27 2015-12-07 임영묵 The spiral-shaped support structure
CN208221464U (en) * 2018-04-08 2018-12-11 郑州铁路职业技术学院 A kind of damping device for construction machine
CN209742458U (en) * 2019-02-18 2019-12-06 闫远善 assembled building shock-absorbing structure
CN209799055U (en) * 2019-02-21 2019-12-17 湖南城建职业技术学院 Assembled building shock-absorbing structure
CN110144926A (en) * 2019-06-07 2019-08-20 庞永庆 A kind of damping building structure of pillar ground

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112127475A (en) * 2020-09-24 2020-12-25 山东天智信息科技有限公司 Anti-seismic structural steel framework
CN113136905A (en) * 2021-05-13 2021-07-20 甘肃建筑职业技术学院 Ancient building foundation reinforcing structure

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