CN1115010A - Reciprocating type compressor with oil separating device - Google Patents

Reciprocating type compressor with oil separating device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1115010A
CN1115010A CN95107185A CN95107185A CN1115010A CN 1115010 A CN1115010 A CN 1115010A CN 95107185 A CN95107185 A CN 95107185A CN 95107185 A CN95107185 A CN 95107185A CN 1115010 A CN1115010 A CN 1115010A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
area
chamber
compressor
oil separating
exhaust
Prior art date
Application number
CN95107185A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
池田勇人
佐藤裕史
Original Assignee
株式会社丰田自动织机制作所
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP6122758A priority Critical patent/JPH07332239A/en
Priority to JP122758/94 priority
Application filed by 株式会社丰田自动织机制作所 filed Critical 株式会社丰田自动织机制作所
Publication of CN1115010A publication Critical patent/CN1115010A/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B39/00Component parts, details, or accessories, of pumps or pumping systems specially adapted for elastic fluids, not otherwise provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B25/00 - F04B37/00
    • F04B39/16Filtration; Moisture separation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B27/00Multi-cylinder pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids and characterised by number or arrangement of cylinders
    • F04B27/08Multi-cylinder pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids and characterised by number or arrangement of cylinders having cylinders coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis
    • F04B27/10Multi-cylinder pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids and characterised by number or arrangement of cylinders having cylinders coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis having stationary cylinders
    • F04B27/1036Component parts, details, e.g. sealings, lubrication
    • F04B27/109Lubrication
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B27/00Multi-cylinder pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids and characterised by number or arrangement of cylinders
    • F04B27/08Multi-cylinder pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids and characterised by number or arrangement of cylinders having cylinders coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis
    • F04B27/10Multi-cylinder pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids and characterised by number or arrangement of cylinders having cylinders coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis having stationary cylinders
    • F04B27/12Multi-cylinder pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids and characterised by number or arrangement of cylinders having cylinders coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis having stationary cylinders having plural sets of cylinders or pistons
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B39/00Component parts, details, or accessories, of pumps or pumping systems specially adapted for elastic fluids, not otherwise provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B25/00 - F04B37/00
    • F04B39/04Measures to avoid lubricant contaminating the pumped fluid
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2400/00General features or devices for refrigeration machines, plants or systems, combined heating and refrigeration systems or heat-pump systems, i.e. not limited to a particular subgroup of F25B
    • F25B2400/02Centrifugal separation of gas, liquid or oil

Abstract

A reciprocating compressor includes reciprocating pistons moved by a swash plate. A housing member is attached to one end of the cylinder block via a valve plate. A discharge chamber is formed in the peripheral region in the housing member, and a suction chamber and an oil chamber are formed in the central region in the housing member in an axially juxtaposed relationship. Alternatively, a suction chamber is formed in the peripheral region, and a discharge chamber and an oil chamber are formed in the central region. The oil chamber is connected to the suction chamber by an oil return passage. A centrifugal type or collision type oil separating device is arranged in the discharge chamber above the oil chamber in the housing member.

Description

The reciprocal compressor of oil separating device is housed
The present invention relates to reciprocal compressor is made improvements, the oil separating device that oil is separated from the compression cooled gas is housed in this compressor.
In reciprocal compressor, particularly at swash-plate-type compressor that is used for automotive air conditioning device or wobble plate compressor, the movable member in the cooled gas in the contained vaporific oil lubricating compressor.If this mist of oil circulates refrigeration loop again after compressor is discharged together in company with cooled gas, this mist of oil will be deposited on the inwall of vaporizer or the like and reduce heat exchange efficiency.
Therefore, pressure duct is equipped with oil separator between compressor and condenser usually, gets back in the compressor by a return tube so that oil is separated the back from cooled gas.But in this case, the parts such as an oil separator and a pipeline install on the compressor after must separating manufacturing with compressor, and therefore the design of whole refrigeration loop is just complicated.In addition, a problem is that long and narrow return tube can stop up because of carelessness.Therefore, people propose to design a kind of oil separating device and just are contained in the interior compressor of compressor.
In the existing compressor of interior charge of oil segregating unit, a kind of possible structure is that an oil separating device and a grease chamber are contained in the Auxiliary valves that installs on the compressor, the key of this design a bit is to be stored in this grease chamber after the oil separated relies on gravity to fall into the grease chamber, therefore oil separating device must be arranged in the top, grease chamber, but, this design causes the Auxiliary valves volume huge, and the height of whole compressor increases.
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of inside the reciprocating compressor of oil separating device can be housed, but the height of whole compressor does not increase.
According to the present invention, a kind of reciprocal compressor is provided, comprising: one has the cylinder block of endoporus, is contained in the piston that is promoted back and forth by pushing device in this endoporus; Be contained in the valve plate of this cylinder block one end, install to the shell spare of this cylinder block, an exhaust chamber is arranged in this shell spare through this valve plate; One exhaust passage, this passage have one to lead to the opening of exhaust chamber, thereby the compression cooled gas of exhaust chamber is caused the compressor outside; One induction chamber; Oil separating device in the exhaust chamber near the opening of exhaust passage; Be arranged in shell spare and be used for storing the grease chamber of the oil of separating from cooled gas by oil separating device and the drainback passage that the grease chamber is connected to the compressor low-pressure section.
Under this structure, cooled gas is compressed, enter opening oil separating device nearby in exhaust passage in the exhaust chamber of flowing through behind the exhaust chamber, delivers to the compressor outside by the exhaust passage then.When cooled gas is flowed through oil separating device, after separating from cooled gas, the contained mist of oil of cooled gas is stored in the grease chamber.Oil in the grease chamber is because pressure difference and the compressor low-pressure section of getting back to induction chamber or wobbler chamber and so on through drainback passage, thereby oil is used for lubricating repeatedly.
According to the present invention, the grease chamber is arranged in shell spare because oil separating device is contained in the exhaust chamber of shell spare, so the height of whole compressor need not to increase.
This oil separating device is preferably centrifugal separator, and in the case, the kinetic energy of compression cooled gas causes an eddy flow, thereby the heavy oil mist is outwards fallen out by centrifugal force and separates from cooled gas.In addition, oil separating device is preferably the collision type segregating unit, and at this moment, the wall of zigzag passage because the heavy oil mist can't change its process, thereby is separated from cooled gas in the cooled gas collision segregating unit.
This shell spare preferably includes: generally be concentric annular outer wall and inwall, form a centre area in annular inner wall, and form a circumference area between annular outer wall and inwall; One dividing plate, juxtaposed first and second secondary areas before and after this dividing plate is divided into the centre area vertically, first secondary area is positioned at valve plate on one side, in first secondary area, form induction chamber, in second secondary area, form the grease chamber, form exhaust chamber in the circumference area, drainback passage is an aperture that on the dividing plate grease chamber is connected to induction chamber.
This housing preferably includes: be generally concentric annular outer wall and inwall, thereby form the centre area in annular inner wall, form the circumference area between annular inner wall and outer wall; First dividing plate, juxtaposed first and second secondary areas before and after this first dividing plate is divided into the centre area vertically, first secondary area is positioned at valve plate on one side; And second partition, this second partition is divided into third and fourth secondary area to the circumference area, and the 3rd secondary area is positioned at top, forms exhaust chamber in the first and the 3rd secondary area that communicates mutually, forms the grease chamber in second secondary area, forms induction chamber in the fourth officer district; Air outlet flue is logical, and there is an opening that leads to the 3rd secondary area this exhaust passage; Be arranged in the oil separating device of the 3rd secondary area, and drainback passage, this drainback passage is an aperture that on the annular inner wall grease chamber is connected to induction chamber.
From following description of a preferred embodiment in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the present invention can be clearer, in the accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 is the sectional drawing of the compressor of first embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is for cuing open the sectional drawing of Fig. 1 compressor of getting along Fig. 1 cathetus II-II;
Fig. 3 is the sectional drawing of the compressor of second embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the sectional drawing of the compressor of third embodiment of the invention; And
Fig. 5 is for cuing open the sectional drawing of Fig. 4 compressor of getting along Fig. 4 cathetus V-V.
In Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the compressor of first embodiment of the invention is double end, five cylinders, swash-plate-type compressor.This compressor comprises the cylinder block that is made of front and back cylinder block 1 and 2, be connected respectively to the front and back valve plate 3 and 4 and the front and rear casing spare 5 and 6 that is connected to cylinder block 1 and 2 respectively by valve plate 3 and 4 on cylinder block 1 and 2, and these parts tighten together with the bolt (not shown).Cylinder block 1 and 2 forms a wobbler chamber 7 at both junction points, a wobbler 9 fixed covers is arranged in this wobbler chamber 7 on a live axle 8, and this live axle 8 passes the center hole 1a and the 1b of cylinder block 1 and 2 rotationally.Be distributed with five (or five pairs) cylinder bore 10 parallel with this live axle with centering on these live axle 8 angular distances such as grade in the cylinder block 1 and 2, double-head piston 11 is inserted in the cylinder bore 10 and forms pressing chamber on piston 11 both sides, and each piston 11 usefulness hemisphere sliding shoes 12 is connected with wobbler 9.
Back cover spare 6 comprises a roof 6a and is generally concentric annular outer wall and inwall 6b and 6c, forms a centre area in annular inner wall 6b, and form a circumference area between annular inside and outside wall 6b and 6c.One dividing plate 15 parallel with roof 6a with valve plate 4 arranged in the centre area, thereby juxtaposed first and second secondary areas before and after being divided into this centre area vertically again, be arranged in valve plate 4 first secondary area formation induction chamber 13 on one side, and be arranged in roof 6a second secondary area formation grease chamber 14 on one side.The 15b of periphery wall portion that dividing plate 15 comprises the plate-like wall 15a of portion and stretches out vertically from the circumference of the plate-like wall 15a of portion, the oil return aperture that the plate-like wall 15a of portion has a diameter to be about 0.1-0.2mm on position, its underpart is connected to induction chamber 13 to grease chamber 14.One O shape ring 16 is arranged on the periphery of the 15b of periphery wall portion of dividing plate 15, be used for preventing that fluid from leaking between grease chamber 14 and induction chamber 13.
Form an annular row air chamber 17 in the circumference area of rear case 6, the axial length of this exhaust chamber 17 equals grease chamber 14 and induction chamber 13 axial length sums.In the exhaust chamber 17 at an upper portion thereof the position one centrifugal oil separating device 18 is housed.Oil separating device 18 comprises the outer tube 18a of a back-end closure, front opening, and its length equals the axial length of exhaust chamber 17 substantially, and its diameter equals the radial dimension of exhaust chamber 17 between ring-type inside and outside wall 6b and 6c substantially.Oil separating device 18 also comprises an interior pipe 18b concentric with outer tube 18a, its two ends are opening all, its length is about 2/3rds of outer tube 18a length, outer tube 18a is clamped in a pair of between the projection 19 that stretches vertically on the annular inner wall 6a and fuse with it, the front end of interior pipe 18 sticks with glue on valve plate 4, as shown in Figure 2, in addition, outer tube 18a has a pair of opposed opening 18c along outer tube 18a and length extending to lead to exhaust chamber 17.Outer tube 18a and annular inner wall 6c have a perforation 18d near outer tube 18a bottom back-end location.
At front end, front-shell-cover 5 comprises with the similar roof in rear end and annular inside and outside wall and forms centre area and circumference area.Front-shell-cover 5 also comprises a central boss 5a.There is a toroidal membrane 22 that this centre area is divided into juxtaposed first and second secondary areas in front and back vertically in this centre area.Be arranged in the valve plate 3 annular induction chamber 20 of first secondary area formation on one side, and in second concubine, forming annular grease chamber 21.The 22b of periphery wall portion that this dividing plate 22 comprises the cast wall 22a of portion and stretches vertically from this cast wall 22a of portion circumference.The cast wall 22a of portion goes up the oil return aperture that has a diameter to be about 0.1-0.2mm in position, its underpart grease chamber 21 is connected to induction chamber 20, O shape ring 23 and 24 is arranged on the interior periphery of dividing plate 22 22b of periphery wall portion, be used for preventing that fluid from leaking between grease chamber 21 and induction chamber 20.
Form an annular row air chamber 25 in the circumference area of front-shell-cover 5, its axial length equals grease chamber 21 and induction chamber 20 axial length sums.In the exhaust chamber 25 at an upper portion thereof the position one centrifugal oil separating device 18 is arranged.This oil separating device 18 is identical with oil separating device in the final vacuum chamber 17, and its explanation is omitted.Equally, near outer tube 18a bottom back-end location, there is a perforation 18d to make the inside of outer tube 18a lead to grease chamber 21.
Before and after have on the valve plate 3 and 4 suction port 26 and 27 that the low pressure cooled gas is introduced cylinder bore 10 and exhaust port 28 and 29 enters exhaust chamber 25 and 17 to the high pressure cooled gas from cylinder bore 10 from induction chamber 20 and 13 respectively.In addition, Yi Bian front and back valve plate 3 and 4 has Aspirating valves 30 and 31 at piston 11 respectively, Yi Bian and outlet valve 32 and 33 are arranged at shell spare 5 and 6.
The top of rear cylinder body 2 has a gas openings 34 to lead to wobbler chamber 7.Cylinder block 1 and 2 position between two adjacent cylinder bore 10 has the air intake passage (not shown) that wobbler chamber 7 is communicated with induction chamber 20 and 13, so cooled gas is introduced into induction chamber 20 and 13 with gas inlet 34 through wobbler chamber 7.In addition, cylinder block 1 and 2 position between two adjacent cylinder bore 10 has the exhaust passage 35a and the 35b that are positioned on the straight line that front and rear row air chamber 25 and 17 is communicated.One gas outlet 36 that communicates with exhaust passage 35a and 35b is arranged at the top of rear cylinder body 2.Exhaust passage 35a and 35b communicate by the inside of the interior pipe 18b of the oil separating device 18 in the hole 3a on front and back valve plate 3 and 4 and 4a and exhaust chamber 21 and 17.
During compressor operating, wobbler 9 rotates with live axle 8, and piston 11 moves back and forth, and cooled gas just is inhaled into compression and discharges.
The cooled gas that enters exhaust chamber 25 and 17 after compression flows into the outer tube 18a of the oil separating device 18 that is arranged in exhaust chamber 25 and 17 tops by opening 18c.Cooled gas flows rotatably along the cylindrical space between outer tube 18a and the interior pipe 18b, then in the opening end of interior pipe 18 flows into the pipe 18b, flow through the perforation 3a of valve plate 3 and 4 or 4a, exhaust passage 35a and 35b and gas outlet 16 again and flow to the compressor outside.Cooled gas is when flowing through oil separating device 18, contained fluid or heavy oil mist are outwards fallen out by centrifugal force in the cooled gas, thereby separate with cooled gas and fall into grease chamber 21 and 14 through perforation 15d and 18d along outer tube 18a internal surface, thereby oil is stored in grease chamber 21 and 14, and gets back to induction chamber 20 and 13 and be used for repeatedly lubricating by drainback passage 22d and 15d gradually under the pressure difference effect.
Like this, because oil separating device 18 is arranged in the exhaust chamber 25 and 17 and grease chamber 21 and 14 is arranged in shell spare 5 and 6 of shell spare 5 and 6, therefore need not to increase the height of whole compressor, thereby can be not compressor design origin cause of formation compressor charge of oil segregating unit and have to strengthen its size in addition, in addition, so favourable and form grease chambeies 21 and 14 with dividing plate 22 and 15 simply, thus make induction chamber 20 and 13 with front and back and putting vertically, grease chamber 21 and 14.
Fig. 3 represents second embodiment of the invention, and this embodiment's compressor and previous embodiment are roughly the same, is that centrifugal oil separating device 18 changes collision type oil separating device 37 into.The oil separating device 37 of front and rear side is mutually the same, and therefore the oil separating device 37 of back is described with reference to Fig. 3.
This collision type oil separating device 37 is contained in the circumference area between exhaust chamber 17 upper, annular inside and outside wall 6b and the 6c, it comprises: from a pair of outer wall 37a that annular inner wall 6c circumference upper edge radially outward stretches and fuses with it, it highly equals 2/3rds of exhaust chamber 17 radial dimensions; A median wall 37b who between two outer wall 37a, stretches and fuse with it from annular inner wall 6c upper edge radially outward, it highly equals 1/3rd of exhaust chamber 17 radial dimensions; And a pair of midfeather 37c that between median wall 37b and two outer wall 37a, radially stretches and fuse with it inwards from annular outer wall 6b, it highly equals 2/3rds of exhaust chamber 17 radial dimensions.The axial length of wall 37a, 37b and 37c and exhaust chamber 17 are roughly the same.Position 2 between the two midfeather 17c has a hole 4a who leads to exhaust passage 35b, has pair of holes 38 that exhaust chamber 17 is communicated with grease chamber 14 on median wall 37b both sides among the annular inner wall 6c.
During this embodiment's compressor operating, the cooled gas that enters exhaust chamber 25 and the 17 after compression oil separating device 37 on exhaust chamber 25 and 17 tops of flowing through.Valve plate 3 and 4 hole 3a and 4a, exhaust passage 35a and 35b and gas outlet 36 arrive the compressor outsides.Cooled gas is when flowing through oil separating device 37, and compressed cooled gas collides outer wall 37a, midfeather 37c and median wall 37b in succession, thereby contained fluid or heavy oil mist are separated from cooled gas in the cooled gas.The back spontaneously of separating in the space between median wall 37b and both sides outer wall 37a falls into grease chamber 21 and 14 by hole 38.Thereby oil is collected and is accumulated in grease chamber 21 and 14.Oil in the grease chamber 21 and 14 is got back to induction chamber 24 and 13 and repeatedly as lubricated, therefore, the 2nd embodiment's working condition is identical with first embodiment with effect by drainback passage 22d and 15d.
Figure 4 and 5 are represented the monolateral swash-plate-type compressor of third embodiment of the invention, wherein, induction chamber 64 and exhaust chamber 60a only are housed in the back.This compressor comprises that a cylinder block, that is made of front and back cylinder block 40 and 41 is connected the front-shell-cover 42 of cylinder block 40 and 41 front ends.The one back valve plate 44 and that is connected cylinder block 40 and 41 rear ends is connected to the back cover spare 43 of cylinder block 40 and 41 rear ends by valve plate 44.Cylinder block 40 and 41 and front-shell-cover 42 surround a crank box 45, thereby one is connected the live axle 46 that is driven by it and passes crank box 45 and be rotatably supported on bearing 47 and 48 with an engine (not shown).Be distributed with the cylinder bore 49 parallel with this live axle 46 around live axle 46 angular distances such as grade in the rear cylinder body 41, piston 50 is inserted in the cylinder bore 49.
In crank box 45, thereby live axle 46 comprises that fixing the rotor 51 and that can thereupon rotate on it overlaps thereon sleeve 52 slidably, and this sleeve 52 has an annular bearing surface 52a.There is a spring ring 53 that sleeve is pressed to the back between rotor 51 and the sleeve 52.One wobbler 54 tiltedly is enclosed within on the sleeve 52, this wobbler 54 has a spherical inside surface 54a and spherical bearing face 52a to match, wobbler 54 has a bottom in the face of rotor 51 to connect portion, this bottom connects portion and is positioned at position shown in Figure 4 and spring ring 53 is in the allowable angle of inclination that limits wobbler 54 against rotor 51 of compression,metal-to-metal position at wobbler 54, and the dish type circumferential part of wobbler 54 is connected with piston 50 by hemisphere sliding shoes 55.
Rotor 51 has an arm 56 that stretches backward from rotor periphery to be in the position corresponding with the upper dead center position of wobbler 54 2, thereby constitutes a linkage that wobbler 54 is rotated obliquely.The end of arm 56 be equipped with rotationally one with the support pin 57 of live axle 46 axis normal.Support pin 57 is given prominence to two sockets on the two end part on arm 56 both sides, guiding pin 58 is inserted in this socket slidably.The other end of guiding pin 38 be fixedly connected on wobbler 54 to this swash plate front end stretch out and the joint 59 that fuses with it on.
Back cover spare 43 comprises a roof 43a and generally is concentric annular inside and outside wall 43b and 43c and form centre area and circumference area that as shown in Figure 5, a flat top is arranged at annular inner wall 43c top.The first dividing plate 62a that is arranged in the centre area is divided into juxtaposed first and second secondary areas in front and back vertically to the centre area, forms main exhaust chamber 60a in valve plate 44 first secondary area on one side, and form grease chamber 61 in roof 43a second secondary area on one side.In the present embodiment, lid 63 is fixed on the centre area of roof 43a.
The circumference area is divided into third and fourth secondary area again by next door 62b again, this dividing plate 62b comprise a pair of between annular inside and outside wall 43b and 43c above the plat part of annular inner wall 43c the wall of vertical stretching substantially, as shown in Figure 5.Form the secondary exhaust chamber 60b that its axial length equals the axial length sum of main exhaust chamber 60a and grease chamber 21 at the 3rd secondary area that is arranged in above the annular inner wall 43c plat part.Main exhaust chamber 60a and secondary exhaust chamber 60b are interconnected by hole 66.In the fourth officer district is the air-breathing district 64 that forms a C shape cross section in the remaining part of circumference area.
Centrifugal oil separating device 65 is contained among the secondary exhaust chamber 60b.Oil separating device 65 comprises together intracardiac pipe 65b among an outer tube 65a and the outer tube 65a, interior pipe 65b both ends open, and its length is substantially equal to 1/3rd of outer tube 65a length.The oil separating device 65 and first embodiment are roughly the same, and just pair of openings 65c is arranged at outer tube 65a bottom.Outer tube 65a and annular inner wall 43c have a perforation 65d to make secondary exhaust chamber 60b lead to grease chamber 61 near outer tube bottom back-end location.The oil return aperture 67 that the bottom of annular inner wall 43c has a diameter to be about 0.1-0.2mm makes grease chamber 61 communicate with induction chamber 64.
Handlebar low pressure cooled gas is introduced the suction port 68 of cylinder bore 49 and the high pressure cooled gas is entered the exhaust port 69 of main exhaust chamber 60a from cylinder bore 49 from induction chamber 64 on the valve plate 44.In addition, Yi Bian valve plate 44 has the Aspirating valves (not shown) at rear cylinder body 41, Yi Bian and outlet valve 70 is arranged at shell spare 43.In addition, valve plate 44 with oil separating device 65 corresponding positions on have a hole 44a to lead to the exhaust passage 71 of rear cylinder body 41.Cooled gas is gone into induction chamber 64 from the opening (not shown) on back cover spare 43 peripheries from outside 31, and in addition, back cover spare 43 is provided with a control valve (not shown); Thereby be used for controlling the angle of inclination of the pressure control wobbler 54 in the crank box 45.The details of the tilt angle control of relevant wobbler 54 are omitted herein.
During compressor operating, wobbler 54 is along with live axle 46 rotates together, and piston 50 moves back and forth in each cylinder bore 49, so cooled gas is inhaled into, compresses, discharges.
After entering secondary exhaust chamber 60b by hole 66 then, compressed cooled gas of becoming owner of exhaust chamber 60a side by side flows among the outer tube 65a of the oil separating device 65 among the upper secondary exhaust chamber 60b by opening 65c.Cooled gas flows rotatably along the cylindrical space between inner and outer pipes 65a and the 65b, and the opening end from interior pipe 65b flows into the interior pipe 65b then, and further flows through hole 44a, the 71 arrival compressor outsides, exhaust passage of valve plate 44.Cooled gas is when flowing through oil separating device 65, contained fluid or heavy oil mist are outwards fallen out by centrifugal force and separate from cooled gas and fall into grease chamber 61 along outer tube 65a internal surface by hole 65d, thereby oil accumulates in the grease chamber 61 and under the pressure difference effect and is back in the induction chamber 64 by drainback passage 67, thereby as lubricated.
Like this, because oil separating device 65 is arranged in the exhaust chamber 60b of shell spare 43 and grease chamber 61 is arranged in shell spare 43, even therefore need not to increase the height of whole compressor and still can remain unchanged the size that oil separating device is contained in compressor in the compressor.
Should see, be that example has illustrated first and second embodiments with the double end swash-plate-type compressor above, wherein induction chamber is positioned at the centre area of shell spare, exhaust chamber is in the circumference area, but can be applied to that exhaust chamber is placed on shell spare centre area to the present invention and induction chamber is placed on the double end rotating sloping disk type liquid compressor of circumference area.
The 3rd embodiment is placed on shell spare centre area and induction chamber is placed on the monolateral swash-plate-type compressor of circumference area is that example is illustrated with exhaust chamber, but can be used for that induction chamber is placed on shell spare centre area to the present invention and exhaust chamber is placed on the monolateral swash-plate-type compressor of circumference area.In addition, certainly in the 3rd embodiment, replace centrifugal oil separating device with the collision type oil separating device.
Therefore as mentioned above, according to the present invention, oil separating device is placed in the exhaust chamber of shell spare, and the grease chamber is placed in the shell spare, even need not to increase the height of whole compressor and oil separating device is contained in compressor size still can remain unchanged in the compressor.In addition, can use dividing plate 27 and 15 centre area of shell spare is divided into vertically before and after juxtaposed induction chamber 13 and 20 and grease chamber 21 and 14, thereby favourable and settle grease chamber 21 or 14 simply.

Claims (11)

1. a reciprocal compressor comprises;
One has the cylinder block of endoporus;
The piston that is contained in this endoporus, promotes back and forth with pushing device;
Be contained in a valve plate of cylinder block one end;
Install to a shell spare on the cylinder block by valve plate, an exhaust chamber is arranged in this shell spare;
One exhaust passage, it has an opening to lead to exhaust chamber, is used for compressed cooling air is guided to the compressor outside from exhaust chamber;
One induction chamber;
Be contained in the oil separating device of described exhaust chamber near the described opening in exhaust passage;
One is arranged in shell spare, is used for accumulating the oil weight of the oil of being separated from cooled gas by described oil separating device; And
A grease chamber is connected to the drainback passage of compressor low-pressure section.
2. by the described compressor of claim 1, it is characterized in that described oil separating device is centrifugal oil separating device.
3. by the described compressor of claim 1, it is characterized in that described oil separating device is the collision type oil separating device.
4. by the described compressor of claim 1, it is characterized in that described oil separating device is positioned at described exhaust chamber upper position, and described grease chamber is positioned at the oil separating device below.
5. by the described compressor of claim 1, it is characterized in that, described shell spare comprises it generally being concentric annular inside and outside wall, thereby in annular inner wall, form a centre area, and between annular inside and outside wall, form a circumference area, juxtaposed first and second secondary areas before and after one dividing plate is divided into described centre area vertically, first secondary area is positioned at valve plate on one side, in first secondary area, form induction chamber, in second secondary area, form the grease chamber, form exhaust chamber in the circumference area, described drainback passage is an aperture that on the dividing plate grease chamber is connected to induction chamber.
6. the described compressor of claim 1, it is characterized in that, described shell spare comprises and is generally concentric annular inside and outside wall and forms a centre area in annular inner wall, between annular inside and outside wall, form a circumference area, juxtaposed first and second secondary areas before and after first dividing plate is divided into described centre area vertically, first secondary area are positioned at valve plate on one side; Second partition is divided into third and fourth secondary area to described circumference area, the 3rd secondary area is positioned at upper position, in the first and the 3rd secondary area, form the exhaust chamber that communicates mutually, in second secondary area, form the grease chamber, in the fourth officer district, form induction chamber, described exhaust passage has an opening to lead to the 3rd secondary area, and described oil separating device is contained in the 3rd secondary area, and described drainback passage is an aperture that on the annular inner wall grease chamber is connected to induction chamber.
7. by the described compressor of claim 1, it is characterized in that, described shell spare comprises and is generally concentric annular inside and outside wall and forms a centre area in annular inner wall, between annular inside and outside wall, form a circumference area, juxtaposed first secondary area and second secondary area before and after first dividing plate is divided into described centre area vertically, second secondary area is positioned at valve plate on one side, in relative second secondary area on one side, form the grease chamber with valve plate, form exhaust chamber in the district in the circumference area and first secondary area, form induction chamber in another district in the circumference area and first secondary area.
8. by the described compressor of claim 1, further comprise second valve plate that is contained in the cylinder block the other end and install to the second shell spare on the cylinder block by second valve plate, form second exhaust chamber in this shell spare.
9. by the described compressor of claim 8, it is characterized in that, further comprise second oil separating device that is contained in described second exhaust chamber, be arranged in second grease chamber that the 2nd shell spare is used for accumulating the oil of being separated from cooled gas by described second oil separating device, second grease chamber is connected to second drainback passage of compressor and low-pressure section and the passage of second exhaust chamber being received first exhaust chamber.
10. by the described compressor of claim 1, it is characterized in that described pushing device comprises a wobbler.
11. by the described compressor of claim 9, it is characterized in that, comprise that further the tilt angle of regulating wobbler is to constitute the device of power variable compressor.
CN95107185A 1994-06-03 1995-06-02 Reciprocating type compressor with oil separating device CN1115010A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP6122758A JPH07332239A (en) 1994-06-03 1994-06-03 Reciprocating compressor
JP122758/94 1994-06-03

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CN95107185A CN1115010A (en) 1994-06-03 1995-06-02 Reciprocating type compressor with oil separating device

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CN104481836A (en) * 2014-09-26 2015-04-01 付家全 High-efficiency rotary reciprocating plunger vacuum pump
CN106812682A (en) * 2015-12-02 2017-06-09 大众汽车股份公司 Fluid compression engine
CN109139428A (en) * 2018-08-09 2019-01-04 南京奥特佳新能源科技有限公司 Gs-oil separator and compressor with gs-oil separator

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CN102374156B (en) * 2010-08-17 2014-11-19 株式会社丰田自动织机 Compressor
CN104074709A (en) * 2013-03-29 2014-10-01 株式会社丰田自动织机 Variable displacement swash plate compressor
CN104074709B (en) * 2013-03-29 2016-08-31 株式会社丰田自动织机 Variable-displacement oblique tray type compressor
US9556861B2 (en) 2013-03-29 2017-01-31 Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Jidoshokki Variable displacement swash plate compressor
CN104481836A (en) * 2014-09-26 2015-04-01 付家全 High-efficiency rotary reciprocating plunger vacuum pump
CN106812682A (en) * 2015-12-02 2017-06-09 大众汽车股份公司 Fluid compression engine
CN109139428A (en) * 2018-08-09 2019-01-04 南京奥特佳新能源科技有限公司 Gs-oil separator and compressor with gs-oil separator

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DE19520267A1 (en) 1995-12-14
JPH07332239A (en) 1995-12-22
US5580224A (en) 1996-12-03
TW299387B (en) 1997-03-01
KR960001484A (en) 1996-01-25
KR0180608B1 (en) 1999-05-01

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