CN111495529B - Waste treatment robot device capable of filtering irritant gas - Google Patents

Waste treatment robot device capable of filtering irritant gas Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111495529B
CN111495529B CN202010326353.6A CN202010326353A CN111495529B CN 111495529 B CN111495529 B CN 111495529B CN 202010326353 A CN202010326353 A CN 202010326353A CN 111495529 B CN111495529 B CN 111495529B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
box
crushing barrel
sliding
barrel
filtering
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Active
Application number
CN202010326353.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111495529A (en
Inventor
谢能斌
辛绍杰
刘韬伦
朱明明
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Shanghai Dianji University
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Shanghai Dianji University
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Priority to CN202010326353.6A priority Critical patent/CN111495529B/en
Publication of CN111495529A publication Critical patent/CN111495529A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/10Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filter plates, sheets, or pads having plane surfaces, i.e. axial filtering
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/02Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography
    • B01D53/04Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography with stationary adsorbents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • B02C18/142Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers with two or more inter-engaging rotatable cutter assemblies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/22Feed or discharge means
    • B02C18/2225Feed means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/24Drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/18Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B15/00Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area
    • B08B15/04Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area from a small area, e.g. a tool
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • B30B9/3003Details
    • B30B9/3014Ejection means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • B30B9/3089Extrusion presses
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/02Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor with pretreatment
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/02Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor with pretreatment
    • F23G5/033Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor with pretreatment comminuting or crushing

Abstract

The present invention provides a waste treatment robot apparatus capable of filtering irritant gases, comprising: the crushing barrel is provided with a feed hopper at the top, two first baffles capable of sliding horizontally relative to each other are arranged in the crushing barrel, two rollers with arc-shaped blades are arranged at the same height in the crushing barrel, a balancing weight is arranged below the rollers, and the balancing weight is linked with the first baffles; the bottom opening of the crushing barrel is positioned in the box body, a conveying belt is arranged at the bottom of the box body and under the transverse plate, a discharge hole is formed in the side wall of the box body close to the output side of the conveying belt, and a suction fan is fixed on the outer side wall of the box body; annular box, laminating cover are equipped with the active carbon in the outer wall of broken bucket, the annular box intussuseption, and annular box one side is equipped with the air intake opposite side and is provided with the air outlet, and the air intake passes through the pipeline and links to each other with the suction fan. The invention realizes discontinuous blanking, is convenient for fully crushing materials and improves the crushing rate of wastes.

Description

Waste treatment robot device capable of filtering irritant gas
Technical Field
The invention relates to the municipal field, in particular to a waste treatment robot device capable of filtering irritant gases.
Background
In a big city with dense population, more wastes are generated in factories or hospitals, the problem of headache in waste treatment is common practice that the wastes are collected and sent to a landfill area for landfill treatment or incinerated by an incinerator, the waste treatment in the landfill area can pollute underground water and send out odor, and the traditional waste treatment device has a complex structure, single function and poor practicability, can not effectively crush the wastes, is inconvenient for waste treatment, occasionally generates pungent smell to harm the health of workers, and can not meet the municipal use requirement.
Patent CN 2290405Y discloses a waste crushing treatment device. The device drives the knife roll to rotate through the driving motor, the knife bodies fixed on the knife roll and the knife boards fixed on the peripheral sides interact with each other, waste fed from the feed inlet is cut and crushed, and the crushed waste leaks through the sieve boards. This patent discloses a method of broken waste, but can not guarantee the intensive mixing of waste, also can not carry out the compression processing to the waste after the stirring, and the transportation in inconvenient later stage influences waste treatment's efficiency. Meanwhile, irritant gas generated in the process of crushing waste is not treated, so that the environment is polluted.
Patent CN 203610193U discloses a high speed fine crusher for hazardous waste. The crusher consists of a shell and a base. Including broken gear train and extrusion gear train in the shell, realized the abundant breakage to hazardous waste through the interact of broken gear and extrusion gear. Meanwhile, the device is provided with a dust suction device, so that the dust after being crushed is prevented from splashing everywhere. Although this patent provides effective control of dust pollution caused during the crushing process, it does not provide filtering purification of the irritancy generated during the crushing of waste.
Patent CN 106140361B discloses a leather solid waste crushing device for shoe industry. The rotating motor drives the breaking hammer to move downwards through the transmission device, and the effect of breaking leather solids in the breaking frame is achieved. The rotating motor enables the crushing frame to intermittently shake through the other set of transmission device, so that the leather solid is fully crushed. However, this patent still does not filter the irritant gases generated during the process of breaking the waste, which causes pollution to the environment.
Through the analysis comparison to prior art scheme, current waste treatment device ubiquitous waste material stirring is not abundant enough, can not effectively filter the irritability gas that broken discarded object in-process produced, can not carry out shortcomings such as briquetting processing to the discarded object after the breakage, and the urgent need is new waste treatment scheme to solve the not enough that current scheme exists.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a waste treatment robot device capable of filtering irritant gas, which is convenient for fully crushing materials, improving the crushing rate of waste and facilitating the subsequent treatment while realizing intermittent blanking. Can realize the briquetting of wastes material and handle, be convenient for following transportation improves work efficiency. Can absorb the pungent smell and purify, discharge the atmosphere again in, the convenient further processing to the discarded object has protected the environment when the human body is healthy, satisfies municipal administration user demand. The specific scheme is as follows:
a waste disposal robotic device capable of filtering irritating gases, comprising:
the crushing device comprises a crushing barrel, wherein a feed hopper is arranged at the top of the crushing barrel, two first baffle plates capable of sliding horizontally relatively are arranged in the crushing barrel and at an opening at the bottom of the feed hopper, two rollers are arranged at the same height in the crushing barrel, the two rollers are opposite in rotating direction and are provided with a plurality of arc-shaped blades on the outer diameter surface, a balancing weight is arranged below the middle of the two rollers, the top of the balancing weight is hinged with two sliding mechanisms, the top ends of the two sliding mechanisms are respectively and rotatably connected to the end surfaces of the two rollers deviating from the circle center, first sliding rods capable of sliding up and down are respectively fixed on the two sides of the balancing weight, the two first sliding rods are respectively connected with the first baffle plates through pulley mechanisms, and an opening and an openable transverse plate are arranged at the bottom of the crushing barrel;
the box body is arranged at the bottom of the crushing barrel, an opening at the bottom of the crushing barrel is positioned in the box body, a conveying belt is arranged at the bottom of the box body and under the transverse plate, a discharge hole is formed in the side wall of the box body close to the output side of the conveying belt, a suction fan is fixed on the outer side wall of the box body, and a suction inlet of the suction fan is connected with the inside of the box body;
annular box, laminating cover are equipped with the active carbon in the outer wall of broken bucket, the annular box intussuseption, and annular box one side is equipped with the air intake opposite side and is provided with the air outlet, and the air intake passes through the pipeline and links to each other with the suction fan.
Further, the crushing barrel lateral wall fixedly connected with cover body, the first motor of cover body inside wall fixedly connected with, first motor output end fixedly connected with second gear, the second gear meshes with the first gear of both sides respectively, and the first gear of both sides is fixed respectively in the pivot of two roller one ends.
Furthermore, the balancing weight is an isosceles triangle block with a horizontal surface at the bottom.
Furthermore, the sliding mechanism is provided with a sleeve, and the bottom end of the sleeve is hinged to the upper oblique edge of the balancing weight;
a sliding block is arranged in the sleeve in a fit sliding manner, the top surface of the sliding block is fixedly connected with a second sliding rod, one end of the second sliding rod, which is far away from the sliding block, penetrates through the sleeve to be rotatably connected with the end surface of the roller, which is deviated from the circle center, the second sliding rod is connected with the sleeve in a sliding manner,
the bottom is fixed with spacing ring and switch in the sleeve, laminating cover has the sealing washer on the second slide bar, sealing washer top surface and sleeve interior top surface fixed connection, be equipped with the second spring in the sleeve, the second spring is extension spring.
Further, the top surface symmetry is opened has two first dovetails that are located feeder hopper bottom opening both sides in the broken bucket, the laminating slides in the first dovetail has first forked tail piece, first forked tail piece one end fixedly connected with first spring, first spring is compression spring, first forked tail piece bottom surface fixedly connected with first baffle, two first baffle both ends laminating and setting are under feed hopper, the laminating of top surface in first baffle top surface and the broken bucket.
Further, broken bucket inner wall symmetry fixedly connected with is many to the horizontal pole, the first barrel of one end fixedly connected with of broken bucket inner wall is kept away from to the horizontal pole, the laminating slides in the first barrel has first slide bar, first barrel fixedly connected with dog is worn out on first slide bar top, and first barrel and balancing weight fixed connection are all worn out to first slide bar bottom.
Furthermore, the pulley mechanism comprises a plurality of guide wheels symmetrically fixed on the inner wall of the crushing barrel, two inclined plates are symmetrically and fixedly connected to the inner top surface of the crushing barrel, a steel wire rope is fixedly connected to one end of the first baffle, and one end, far away from the first baffle, of the steel wire rope sequentially penetrates through the inclined plates, the guide wheels and the stop block top surface to be fixedly connected.
Furthermore, the crushing barrel is surrounded in the middle by the top of the box body, a pair of transverse plates which can be oppositely opened and closed are arranged at the bottom of the crushing barrel, and one ends of the transverse plates are fixed on second rotating shafts at two sides of the bottom of the crushing barrel;
two horizontal third dovetail grooves are symmetrically formed in the top surface in the box body, a third dovetail block is attached to and slides in the third dovetail grooves, an electric telescopic rod is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the third dovetail block, the output end of the electric telescopic rod is hinged to an inclined rod, and the other end of the inclined rod is rotatably connected with a second rotating shaft;
the electric telescopic rod is electrically connected with the switch.
Furthermore, a second baffle is hinged to the side wall of the box body below the discharge hole, and the other end of the second baffle is fixedly connected with a support ring.
Furthermore, the side walls of the crushing barrel and the box body are provided with observation windows;
the surface of the conveying belt is fixedly connected with a shock pad through glue;
the air outlet of the annular box body is provided with a filter screen.
The invention has the advantages that:
(1) in the aspect of structural design: the roller drives the counterweight to move up and down through the slide rod, the barrel body and the slide block. The counterweight drives the stop block to control the opening and closing of the baffle of the feeding port through the traction action of the steel wire rope. The opening and closing of the baffle plate of the feeding port are controlled by the up-and-down movement of the counterweight, so that the intermittent blanking of wastes is realized, and the wastes are fully stirred.
(2) The up-and-down movement of the counterweight realizes the briquetting treatment of the crushed waste, is convenient for the transportation of the waste and improves the waste treatment efficiency.
(3) The suction fan is arranged in the box body, harmful gas generated in the process of crushing waste is absorbed by the suction fan, and the harmful gas is sent into the activated carbon through the vertical pipe, so that the filtering of irritant gas is realized, the human health is protected, and the environment is protected.
(4) On the electrical characteristic, the telescopic electric telescopic rod is controlled to stretch out and draw back through a switch at the bottom of the barrel body hinged with the counterweight, the transverse plate is driven to open and close, and the stirred waste automatically falls onto the bottom conveying belt.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings needed to be used in the embodiments or the prior art descriptions will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art to obtain other drawings based on these drawings without inventive exercise.
FIG. 1 is a block diagram of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a front view of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view A-A of the structure of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a partial enlarged view of the structure of the present invention.
In the figure: the crushing barrel comprises a crushing barrel 1, a feeding hopper 2, a first dovetail block 3, a first spring 4, a first baffle plate 5, a roller 6, an arc-shaped blade 7, a second dovetail block 8, a first rotating shaft 9, a first gear 10, a cover body 11, a first motor 12, a second gear 13, a cross rod 14, a first barrel body 15, a first sliding rod 16, a balancing weight 17, a stop block 18, a guide wheel 19, a steel wire rope 20, a second barrel body 21, a second rotating shaft 22, a transverse plate 23, a barrel body 24, a sliding block 25, a second sliding rod 26, a limiting ring 27, a switch 28, a sealing ring 29, a second spring 30, an inclined rod 31, a box body 32, a third dovetail block 33, an electric telescopic rod 34, an annular box body 35, a filter screen 36, activated carbon 37, an n-shaped pipe 38, a suction fan 39, a pipeline 40, a second baffle plate 41, a supporting ring 42, a third rotating shaft 43, a belt 44, a belt pulley 45, a damping cushion 46, a second motor 47, an inclined plate 48, The first dovetail groove 1-1, the second dovetail groove 1-2, the third dovetail groove 32-1, the discharge opening 32-2.
Detailed Description
In the following description, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a more thorough understanding of the present invention. It will be apparent, however, to one skilled in the art, that the present invention may be practiced without one or more of these specific details. In other instances, well-known features have not been described in order to avoid obscuring the invention.
In the following description, for the purposes of explanation, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of the present invention. The following detailed description of the preferred embodiments of the invention, however, the invention is capable of other embodiments in addition to those detailed.
The present invention provides a waste treatment robot apparatus capable of filtering irritant gases, comprising:
a crushing barrel 1, a feed hopper 2 is arranged at the top of the crushing barrel 1, two first baffle plates 5 which can slide horizontally relatively are arranged in the crushing barrel 1 and at the opening at the bottom of the feed hopper 2, the opposite ends of the two first baffle plates 5 can be tightly jointed, two rollers 6 are arranged at the same height in the crushing barrel 1, the rotating directions of the two rollers 6 are opposite, a plurality of arc-shaped blades 7 are arranged on the outer diameter surface, the guiding directions of the arc-shaped blades 7 on the two rollers 6 are opposite, a balancing weight 17 is arranged below the middle of the two rollers 6, two sliding mechanisms are hinged at the top of the balancing weight 17, the top ends of the two sliding mechanisms are respectively and rotatably connected with the end surfaces of the two rollers 6 deviating from the center of circle, two sides of the counterweight block 17 are respectively fixed with first slide bars 16 which slide up and down, the two first slide bars 16 are respectively connected with the first baffle 5 through pulley mechanisms, and the bottom of the crushing barrel 1 is provided with an opening and is provided with a transverse plate 23 which can be opened;
the box body 32 is arranged at the bottom of the crushing barrel 1, an opening at the bottom of the crushing barrel 1 is positioned in the box body 32, a conveying belt 45 is arranged at the bottom of the box body 32 and under the transverse plate 23, a damping pad 46 is fixedly connected to the surface of the conveying belt 45 through glue, a discharge hole 32-2 is formed in the side wall of the box body 32 close to the output side of the conveying belt 45, a suction fan 39 is fixed on the outer side wall of the box body 32, and a suction inlet of the suction fan 39 is connected with the interior of the box body 32;
annular box 35, the laminating cover is at the outer wall of broken bucket 1, and annular box 35 intussuseption is filled with active carbon 37, and annular box 35 one side is equipped with the air intake opposite side and is provided with the air outlet, and the air intake passes through pipeline 40 and links to each other with suction fan 39, and filter screen 36 is installed to annular box 35's air outlet. Wherein an annular tank body 35 is welded to the top surface of the tank body 32.
The invention realizes indirect blanking of wastes through the design of a mechanical structure, so that the wastes are fully stirred. The briquetting of wastes is realized through the counterweight, and the transportation is convenient. The gas with pungent odor is absorbed into the activated carbon for filtering, thereby protecting the environment. Through the innovative design on the electrical characteristic, realize the automatic opening and shutting of diaphragm.
In an alternative embodiment, a cover 11 is fixedly connected to the side wall of the crushing barrel 1, a first motor 12 is fixedly connected to the inner side wall of the cover 11, a second gear 13 is fixedly connected to the output end of the first motor 12, the second gear 13 is respectively engaged with the first gears 10 on both sides, and the first gears 10 on both sides are respectively fixed on the rotating shaft at one end of the two rollers 6. The first motor 12 is of the type Y2-80M2-4S 150.
In an alternative embodiment, the weight 17 is an isosceles triangle with a horizontal bottom surface.
In an alternative embodiment, the sliding mechanism is provided with a sleeve 24, the lower end of the sleeve 24 being hinged to the upper beveled edge of the counterweight 17. A sliding block 25 is fitted and slid in the sleeve 24, the top surface of the sliding block 25 is fixedly connected with a second sliding rod 26, one end of the second sliding rod 26, which is far away from the sliding block 25, penetrates through the sleeve 24 to be rotatably connected with the end surface of the roller 6, which is deviated from the center of the circle, and the second sliding rod 26 is slidably connected with the sleeve 24; a limiting ring 27 and a switch 28 are fixedly arranged at the bottom in the sleeve 24, a sealing ring 29 is attached to and sleeved on the second sliding rod 26, the top surface of the sealing ring 29 is fixedly connected with the inner top surface of the sleeve 24, a second spring 30 is arranged in the sleeve 24, and the second spring 30 is an extension spring.
In an optional embodiment, the top surface in the crushing barrel 1 is symmetrically provided with two first dovetail grooves 1-1 positioned at two sides of the bottom opening of the feed hopper 2, a first dovetail block 3 is attached and slid in the first dovetail grooves 1-1, one end of the first dovetail block 3 is fixedly connected with a first spring 4, the first spring 4 is a compression spring, the bottom surface of the first dovetail block 3 is fixedly connected with a first baffle plate 5, two ends of the two first baffle plates 5 are attached and arranged right below the feed hopper 2, and the top surface of the first baffle plate 5 is attached to the top surface in the crushing barrel 1.
In an alternative embodiment, a plurality of pairs of cross bars 14 are symmetrically and fixedly connected to the inner wall of the crushing barrel 1, one end of the cross bar 14 away from the inner wall of the crushing barrel 1 is fixedly connected with a first barrel 15, a first slide bar 16 slides in the first barrel 15 in a fitting manner, the top end of the first slide bar 16 penetrates through the first barrel 15 and is fixedly connected with a stop block 18, and the bottom end of the first slide bar 16 penetrates through the first barrel 15 and is fixedly connected with a balancing weight 17.
In an alternative embodiment, the pulley mechanism comprises a plurality of guide wheels 19 symmetrically fixed on the inner wall of the crushing barrel 1, two inclined plates 48 are symmetrically and fixedly connected to the top surface of the crushing barrel 1, a steel wire rope 20 is fixedly connected to one end of the first baffle 5, and one end of the steel wire rope 20 far away from the first baffle 5 sequentially penetrates through the inclined plates 48 and the plurality of guide wheels 19 to be fixedly connected to the top surface of the stop block 18.
In an alternative embodiment, the crushing barrel 1 is enclosed in the middle by the top of the box body 32, a pair of transverse plates 23 capable of opening and closing relatively are arranged at the bottom of the crushing barrel 1, one end of each transverse plate 23 is fixed on the second rotating shafts 22 at two sides of the bottom of the crushing barrel 1, and the second rotating shafts 22 are made of alloy steel materials. Two horizontal third dovetail grooves 32-1 are symmetrically formed in the top surface in the box body 32, a third dovetail block 33 is attached to and slides in the third dovetail grooves 32-1, the bottom end of the third dovetail block 33 is fixedly connected with an electric telescopic rod 34, the output end of the electric telescopic rod 34 is hinged with an inclined rod 31, and the other end of the inclined rod 31 is rotatably connected with a second rotating shaft 22; the electric telescopic rod 34 is electrically connected with the switch 28.
In an alternative embodiment, a second baffle plate 41 is hinged on the side wall of the box body 32 below the discharging hole 32-2, and the other end of the second baffle plate 41 is fixedly connected with a supporting ring 42.
Two third rotating shafts 43 are symmetrically and rotatably embedded in the bottom of the box body, the box body 32 is rotatably connected with the third rotating shafts 43, belt pulleys 44 are fixedly sleeved on the third rotating shafts 43, and the two belt pulleys 44 are connected through a transmission belt 45. As shown in fig. 2, a second motor 47 is fixedly connected to a side wall of the box 32, the second motor 47 is electrically connected to the controller, and an output end of the second motor 47 penetrates into the box 32 and is fixedly connected to one end of a third rotating shaft 43.
Wherein, the side walls of the crushing barrel 1 and the box body 32 are provided with observation windows. At broken 1 inner wall fixedly connected with second barrel 21 of bucket, second barrel 21 sets up directly over diaphragm 23 and rather than the top surface laminating.
The working principle of the invention is as follows:
when the waste is to be treated, the apparatus is connected to a power supply and the controller is operated to cause the first motor 12, suction fan 39 and second motor 47 to operate. Waste is added into the feeding hopper 2, the output end of the first motor 12 drives the second gear 13 to rotate, the second gear 13 drives the first gear 10 to rotate, the first gear 10 drives the first rotating shaft 9 to rotate, the two first rotating shafts 9 drive the roller 6 to rotate relatively, the roller 6 drives the arc-shaped blade 7 to rotate, and the roller 6 drives the second sliding rod 26 to do circular arc motion.
The second slide bar 26 drives the slide block 25 to move, the slide block 25 drives the sleeve 24 to move, and the sleeve 24 drives the balancing weight 17 to move up and down. When the sleeve 24 drives the balancing weight 17 to move downwards, the balancing weight 17 drives the first sliding rod 16 to move, the first sliding rod 16 drives the stop block 18 to move, the stop block 18 pulls the steel wire rope 20 to move, the steel wire rope 20 pulls the first baffle 5 to move, the first baffle 5 drives the first dovetail block 3 to move in the first dovetail groove 1-1 to extrude the first spring 4, so that waste in the feeding hopper 2 falls into the two rollers 6 in the crushing barrel 1, the two arc-shaped blades 7 rotate relatively to crush the waste, when the rollers 6 rotate to indirectly drive the balancing weight 17 to ascend, the compressed first spring 4 pushes the first dovetail block 3 to move, the two first dovetail blocks 3 drive the two first baffles 5 to move relatively to block the bottom end of the feeding hopper 2, thereby realizing discontinuous feeding of the waste, facilitating full crushing of the waste by the arc-shaped blades 7, and the crushed waste falls on the balancing weight 17, fall to the second barrel 21 again, first motor 12 drives balancing weight 17 indirectly and reciprocates, the wastes material after balancing weight 17 will stir the bits of broken glass compresses tightly the processing, the wastes material that will get into in the second barrel 21 carries out the briquetting and handles, when the wastes material in the second barrel 21 is more and more time, the range that balancing weight 17 descends is littleer and more, balancing weight 17 promotes sleeve 24 and removes, sleeve 24 drives switch 28 and removes, switch 28 is extruded by slider 25 and makes switch 28 opened, electric telescopic handle 34 pulling down the down tube 31 is rotatory, down tube 31 drives second rotation axis 22 and rotates, second rotation axis 22 drives diaphragm 23 and removes, thereby make the wastes material after compressing tightly fall on belt pulley 44.
The suction fan 39 starts to work to absorb the gas in the box body 32, the gas enters the suction fan 39 and then enters the n-shaped pipe 38 along the pipeline 40, and then enters the annular box body 35 and is exhausted from the filter screen 36 through adsorption and purification of the activated carbon 37, so that the health of human bodies is protected, and the environment is protected.
The output end of the second motor 47 drives a third rotating shaft 43 to rotate, the third rotating shaft 43 drives the belt pulley 44 to rotate, the belt pulley 44 drives the conveying belt 45 to rotate, the conveying belt 45 conveys the extrusion-molded waste out of the discharge hole 32-2, the blocky waste slides down from the second baffle plate 41, after the waste falls down, the counterweight 17 enters the second cylinder 21 again, the weight block 17 drives the sleeve 24 to move, the sleeve 24 drives the switch 28 to move, the switch 28 is separated from the sliding block 25 so that the switch 28 is closed, then the electric telescopic rod 34 is extended, the output end of the electric telescopic rod 34 drives the inclined rod 31 to rotate in an arc shape, the inclined rod 31 drives the second rotating shaft 22 to rotate, the second rotating shaft 22 drives the transverse plate 23, so that the horizontal plate 23 is rotated again into the second cylinder 21 and the above-described trash crushing briquetting process is performed.
Fixedly connected with shock pad 46 on conveyer 45, the effectual cushioning effect that plays, prevent that cubic waste from scattering, sealing washer 29 sets up the effectual leakproofness of guaranteeing sleeve 24, thereby indirectly improve work efficiency, reach the effect of this device life of extension, horizontal pole 14, the setting of first barrel 15 and first slide bar 16 plays the direction effect, the removal of the balancing weight 17 of being convenient for, broken bucket 1 is equipped with the observation window with box 32 lateral wall, be convenient for observe the inner wall behavior, after waste disposal finishes, operation controller makes all electrical parts stop work of this device, then with this device and power separation.
The above description is of the preferred embodiment of the invention. It is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the particular embodiments described above, in that devices and structures not described in detail are understood to be implemented in a manner common in the art; those skilled in the art can make many possible variations and modifications to the disclosed embodiments, or modify equivalent embodiments to equivalent variations, without departing from the spirit of the invention, using the methods and techniques disclosed above. Therefore, any simple modification, equivalent change and modification made to the above embodiments according to the technical essence of the present invention are still within the scope of the protection of the technical solution of the present invention, unless the contents of the technical solution of the present invention are departed.

Claims (10)

1. A waste disposal robotic device capable of filtering irritating gases, comprising:
the crushing barrel (1), the top of the crushing barrel (1) is provided with a feed hopper (2), two first baffles (5) capable of sliding horizontally relatively are arranged in the crushing barrel (1) and at an opening at the bottom of the feed hopper (2), two rollers (6) are arranged at equal height in the crushing barrel (1), the two rollers (6) have opposite rotating directions and are provided with a plurality of arc-shaped blades (7) on the outer diameter surface, a balancing weight (17) is arranged below the middle of the two rollers (6), the top of the balancing weight (17) is hinged with two sliding mechanisms, the top ends of the two sliding mechanisms are respectively rotatably connected with the end surfaces of the two rollers (6) deviating from the circle center, two sides of the balancing weight (17) are respectively fixed with first sliding rods (16) sliding up and down, the two first sliding rods (16) are respectively connected with the first baffles (5) through pulley mechanisms, the bottom of the crushing barrel (1) is provided with an opening, a transverse plate (23) capable of being opened is arranged at an opening at the bottom of the crushing barrel, and the crushed waste is compacted through the up-and-down movement of a balancing weight (17);
the crushing device comprises a box body (32), a conveying belt (45) is arranged at the bottom of the box body (32) and right below a transverse plate (23), a discharge hole (32-2) is formed in the side wall of the box body (32) close to the output side of the conveying belt (45), a suction fan (39) is fixed on the outer side wall of the box body (32), and a suction inlet of the suction fan (39) is connected with the inside of the box body (32);
annular box (35), laminating cover is equipped with active carbon (37) in the outer wall of broken bucket (1), annular box (35) intussuseption, and annular box (35) one side is equipped with the air intake and the opposite side is provided with the air outlet simultaneously, and the air intake passes through pipeline (40) and links to each other with suction fan (39).
2. The waste treatment robot apparatus capable of filtering irritant gases as claimed in claim 1, wherein a housing (11) is fixedly connected to the side wall of the crushing barrel (1), a first motor (12) is fixedly connected to the inner side wall of the housing (11), a second gear (13) is fixedly connected to the output end of the first motor (12), the second gears (13) are respectively engaged with the first gears (10) at both sides, and the first gears (10) at both sides are respectively fixed on the rotating shaft at one end of the two rollers (6).
3. The waste disposal robot apparatus capable of filtering irritant gases as claimed in claim 1, wherein the weight block (17) is an isosceles triangular block having a horizontal surface at its bottom.
4. The waste disposal robot apparatus capable of filtering irritant gases as claimed in claim 3, wherein said sliding mechanism is provided with a sleeve (24), the bottom end of the sleeve (24) being hinged to the upper beveled edge of the weight block (17);
a sliding block (25) is arranged in the sleeve (24) in a fit sliding manner, the top surface of the sliding block (25) is fixedly connected with a second sliding rod (26), one end, far away from the sliding block (25), of the second sliding rod (26) penetrates through the sleeve (24) to be connected with the end surface of the roller (6) deviating from the circle center in a rotating manner, the second sliding rod (26) is connected with the sleeve (24) in a sliding manner,
fixed spacing ring (27) and switch (28) of being equipped with of bottom in sleeve (24), laminating cover has sealing washer (29) on second slide bar (26), top surface fixed connection in sealing washer (29) top surface and sleeve (24), be equipped with second spring (30) in sleeve (24), second spring (30) are extension spring.
5. The waste disposal robot apparatus capable of filtering irritant gases as claimed in claim 1, wherein the inner top surface of the crushing barrel (1) is symmetrically provided with two first dovetail grooves (1-1) positioned at two sides of the bottom opening of the feeding hopper (2), a first dovetail block (3) is slidably fitted in the first dovetail grooves (1-1), one end of the first dovetail block (3) is fixedly connected with a first spring (4), the first spring (4) is a compression spring, the bottom surface of the first dovetail block (3) is fixedly connected with a first baffle (5), and the top surface of the first baffle (5) is fitted with the inner top surface of the crushing barrel (1).
6. The waste disposal robot apparatus capable of filtering irritant gas as claimed in claim 3, wherein a plurality of pairs of cross bars (14) are symmetrically and fixedly connected to the inner wall of the crushing barrel (1), one ends of the cross bars (14) far away from the inner wall of the crushing barrel (1) are fixedly connected with a first barrel (15), a first sliding bar (16) is slidably fitted in the first barrel (15), the top end of the first sliding bar (16) penetrates through the first barrel (15) and is fixedly connected with a stop block (18), and the bottom ends of the first sliding bars (16) penetrate through the first barrel (15) and are fixedly connected with a balancing weight (17).
7. The waste treatment robot apparatus capable of filtering irritant gases as claimed in claim 6, wherein the pulley mechanism comprises a plurality of guide wheels (19) symmetrically fixed on the inner wall of the crushing barrel (1), two inclined plates (48) are symmetrically and fixedly connected on the inner top surface of the crushing barrel (1), a steel wire rope (20) is fixedly connected at one end of the first baffle (5), and one end of the steel wire rope (20) far away from the first baffle (5) sequentially passes through the inclined plates (48) and the plurality of guide wheels (19) to be fixedly connected with the top surface of the stop block (18).
8. The waste disposal robot apparatus capable of filtering irritant gases as claimed in claim 4, wherein the crushing barrel (1) is enclosed in the middle by the top of the box body (32), a pair of horizontal plates (23) which can be opened and closed relatively are provided at the bottom of the crushing barrel (1), and one end of the horizontal plate (23) is fixed on the second rotating shaft (22) at both sides of the bottom of the crushing barrel (1);
two horizontal third dovetail grooves (32-1) are symmetrically formed in the top surface in the box body (32), a third dovetail block (33) is attached and slid in the third dovetail grooves (32-1), the bottom end of the third dovetail block (33) is fixedly connected with an electric telescopic rod (34), the output end of the electric telescopic rod (34) is hinged to an inclined rod (31), and the other end of the inclined rod (31) is rotatably connected with a second rotating shaft (22);
the electric telescopic rod (34) is electrically connected with the switch (28).
9. The waste disposal robot apparatus capable of filtering irritant gases as claimed in claim 1, wherein a second baffle plate (41) is hinged to a side wall of the tank (32) below the discharge hole (32-2), and a support ring (42) is fixedly connected to the other end of the second baffle plate (41).
10. The robot waste disposal apparatus capable of filtering irritant gases as claimed in claim 1, wherein the crushing barrel (1) and the side wall of the tank body (32) are provided with observation windows;
the surface of the conveying belt (45) is fixedly connected with a shock pad (46) through glue;
a filter screen (36) is arranged at the air outlet of the annular box body (35).
CN202010326353.6A 2020-04-23 2020-04-23 Waste treatment robot device capable of filtering irritant gas Active CN111495529B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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JP2006255592A (en) * 2005-03-17 2006-09-28 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Garbage treating machine
CN206597767U (en) * 2017-01-19 2017-10-31 深圳市东恒清洁有限公司 Drain the apparatus for disposing of food waste of excellent effect
CN207287672U (en) * 2017-07-13 2018-05-01 李小丹 A kind of garbage pulverator to eliminate the unusual smell
CN108160154A (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-06-15 黄甘霖 A kind of recycling breaker for glass rubbish
CN109092487A (en) * 2018-08-09 2018-12-28 钟浪婵 A kind of life waste break process equipment
CN209773039U (en) * 2019-03-01 2019-12-13 江苏妙卫纸业有限公司 Waste collecting device is used in napkin production
CN110604992A (en) * 2019-09-26 2019-12-24 扬州光华化工设备有限公司 Waste residue and waste gas recovery and treatment system for industrial deslagging roller
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