CN111495500B - Method for compacting raw materials of enhanced rubber hose - Google Patents

Method for compacting raw materials of enhanced rubber hose Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111495500B
CN111495500B CN202010311322.3A CN202010311322A CN111495500B CN 111495500 B CN111495500 B CN 111495500B CN 202010311322 A CN202010311322 A CN 202010311322A CN 111495500 B CN111495500 B CN 111495500B
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China
Prior art keywords
crushing
vibrating
equipment
latex
buffer
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CN202010311322.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111495500A (en
Inventor
孙睿
许旭
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SINOPULSE HOSE FACTORY Co.,Ltd.
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Sinopulse Hose Factory Co ltd
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Priority to CN202010311322.3A priority Critical patent/CN111495500B/en
Publication of CN111495500A publication Critical patent/CN111495500A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/02Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with horizontal rotor shaft
    • B02C13/04Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with horizontal rotor shaft with beaters hinged to the rotor; Hammer mills
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/28Shape or construction of beater elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/282Shape or inner surface of mill-housings
    • B02C13/284Built-in screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/31Safety devices or measures
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B13/00Conditioning or physical treatment of the material to be shaped
    • B29B13/10Conditioning or physical treatment of the material to be shaped by grinding, e.g. by triturating; by sieving; by filtering
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B7/00Mixing; Kneading
    • B29B7/002Methods
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B9/00Making granules
    • B29B9/02Making granules by dividing preformed material

Abstract

The invention relates to a raw material densification method for an enhanced rubber hose, which uses raw material densification equipment for the enhanced rubber hose, wherein the raw material densification equipment for the enhanced rubber hose comprises a base and a crushing device, support plates are arranged on the left side and the right side of the base, the crushing device is arranged at the upper end of each support plate, a collecting box is arranged between the base and the crushing device, the crushing device is positioned right above the collecting box, a driving motor is arranged at the left end of each support plate, and the crushing device is in transmission connection with the output end of the driving motor through a belt. The invention can solve the problem that when rubber enters the equipment at present, part of rubber which can not be completely crushed can not be recycled above the crushing hammer to be contacted and crushed by the crushing hammer; the rubber material which can not be contacted by the crushing hammer at the bottom of the equipment is blown up by the fan and then is crushed by the crushing hammer, and the fan can blow out extremely fine rubber particles out of the equipment to cause dust pollution to air; the machine stops running, and the crushing hammer causes inevitable damage to the equipment due to inertia and gravity.

Description

Method for compacting raw materials of enhanced rubber hose
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of rubber processing, in particular to a method for compacting raw materials of an enhanced rubber hose.
Background
The natural rubber has a series of physicochemical properties, particularly excellent characteristics such as rebound resilience, insulativity, water resistance and plasticity, and has precious properties such as oil resistance, acid resistance, alkali resistance, heat resistance, cold resistance, pressure resistance and wear resistance after being properly treated, so the natural rubber has wide application. Such as rain shoes, hot water bags, elastic bands used in daily life; surgeon gloves, blood delivery tubes used in the medical and health industries; various tires used in transportation; conveyor belts, acid and base resistant gloves used in industry; drainage and irrigation rubber tubes and ammonia water bags used in agriculture; sounding balloons for meteorological measurements; sealing and shockproof equipment for scientific experiments; airplanes, tanks, cannons and gas masks used in national defense; even high-precision scientific and technical products such as rockets, artificial earth satellites and spacecrafts can not be separated from natural rubber.
At present, when the rubber raw material is crushed and granulated, the following problems can be caused: a. when the existing hammer mill crushes and granulates rubber materials, the rotor of the hammer mill rotates at a high speed, the crushing hammers are radial under the action of centrifugal force, the rubber materials are crushed into particles by utilizing the impact force and the tearing action of the crushing hammers, and a certain distance exists between the crushing hammers and the inner wall of the hammer mill, so that when the rubber materials enter the hammer mill, a part of the rubber materials cannot be touched by the crushing hammers, and the rubber materials which cannot be crushed cannot be circulated to the upper part of the crushing hammers again and are touched and crushed by the crushing hammers; b. the existing hammer mill utilizes a fan to blow up sizing materials which cannot be contacted with a grinding hammer at the bottom of the hammer mill, and then the sizing materials are crushed by the grinding hammer, so that extremely fine colloidal particles are blown out of the hammer mill by the fan and enter air, and dust pollution is caused to the air; c. when the hammer mill rotates at a high speed, the crushing hammers rotate radially due to centrifugal action, but when the machine stops operating, the crushing hammers generate certain impact on the hammer mill due to inertia and gravity action, and inevitably damage the machine in the long term.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a method for compacting raw materials of an enhanced rubber hose so as to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
a raw material compacting method for an enhanced rubber hose uses raw material compacting equipment for the enhanced rubber hose, the raw material compacting equipment for the enhanced rubber hose comprises a base and a crushing device, and the specific method for banburying natural rubber by adopting the raw material compacting equipment for the enhanced rubber hose is as follows:
step one, preparation operation: debugging the raw material compaction equipment of the enhanced rubber hose;
step two, latex purification: removing impurities in the latex through filtering equipment, centrifugal separation equipment or natural settling equipment;
step three, latex solidification: introducing the purified latex in the step two into a coagulating tank, and adding a proper amount of an acid coagulant into the coagulating tank to coagulate the latex;
step four, latex rolling: rolling the coagulated latex in the third step by mechanical rolling equipment, and dehydrating the coagulated latex to obtain a thinner latex coagulum with consistent thickness;
step five, crushing and granulating: starting the raw material compacting equipment of the reinforced rubber hose, and continuously putting a proper amount of latex coagulum in the step four into a crushing device for crushing and granulating;
step six, drying colloidal particles: putting the colloidal particles granulated in the step five into drying equipment for drying;
step seven, weighing and packaging: weighing the colloidal particles dried in the sixth step, putting the colloidal particles with specified weight into a packaging machine for pressurization, pressing the colloidal particles from a loose state into a compact rubber block with a certain specification, and then carrying out double-layer packaging on the compact rubber by using a polyethylene film bag and a polypropylene woven bag;
the left side and the right side of the base are provided with supporting plates, the upper ends of the supporting plates are provided with crushing devices, a collecting box is arranged between the base and the crushing devices, the crushing devices are positioned right above the collecting box, the left end of each supporting plate is provided with a driving motor, and the crushing devices are in transmission connection with the output ends of the driving motors through belts; wherein:
the reducing mechanism is including smashing the cavity, smash the roller, smash the hammer, the buffer cell, supplementary hammer, pan feeding mouth and sieve material unit, the crushing cavity is installed to the backup pad upper end, it has crushing roller to smash cavity internally mounted, smash and evenly install a plurality of through the hinge on the roller and smash the hammer, a plurality of mounting hole has evenly been seted up on the crushing roller, the mounting hole is located between two adjacent rows of crushing hammers, be provided with the buffer cell in the mounting hole, it evenly is provided with a plurality of auxiliary hammer to smash the cavity inner wall, it is provided with the pan feeding mouth to smash the cavity upper end, it is provided.
As a further scheme of the invention: a plurality of protruding triangular blocks are uniformly designed on the surface of the crushing hammer.
As a further scheme of the invention: the buffer unit comprises a buffer cavity, a buffer body, a T-shaped rod, a buffer block and a bearing block, the buffer cavity is installed in the mounting hole, the buffer hole is formed in the side wall of the buffer cavity, the buffer body is connected in the buffer hole in a sliding mode through a buffer spring, the T-shaped rod is installed at the bottom end of the buffer cavity in a sliding mode through a compression spring, the buffer block is installed at the rear end of the T-shaped rod, and the bearing block is installed at the front end of the T-shaped rod.
As a further scheme of the invention: the cross section of the auxiliary hammer is in a diamond shape.
As a further scheme of the invention: the screening unit comprises a screening plate, a vibrating frame, a vibrating wheel and a vibrating plate, vibration rack, vibration semi-gear, the vibration driving lever, the board is dialled with the vibration to the ARC slide, a plurality of sieve material hole has evenly been seted up on the sieve flitch, the downthehole vibration frame that installs of sieve material, the vibration wheel is installed to the vibration frame upper end, there is the vibration board through vibrating spring connection in the middle of the vibration frame, the vibration rack is installed to vibration frame left and right sides symmetry, the vibration semi-gear is installed through round pin axle symmetry in both sides about the sieve material hole, vibration rack and vibration semi-gear meshing, the vibration driving lever is installed in the vibration semi-gear outside, install the ARC slide in the sieve material hole, be provided with the ARC slider on the vibration driving lever rear end, ARC slide and ARC slider sliding connection, the vibration driving lever front end is installed and is shaken the board, sieve material board upper surface and vibration frame upper end are.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages:
can solve the following problems when the rubber raw materials are crushed and granulated at present: a. when the existing hammer mill crushes and granulates rubber materials, the rotor of the hammer mill rotates at a high speed, the crushing hammers are radial under the action of centrifugal force, the rubber materials are crushed into particles by utilizing the impact force and the tearing action of the crushing hammers, and a certain distance exists between the crushing hammers and the inner wall of the hammer mill, so that when the rubber materials enter the hammer mill, a part of the rubber materials cannot be touched by the crushing hammers, and the rubber materials which cannot be crushed cannot be circulated to the upper part of the crushing hammers again and are touched and crushed by the crushing hammers; b. the existing hammer mill utilizes a fan to blow up sizing materials which cannot be contacted with a grinding hammer at the bottom of the hammer mill, and then the sizing materials are crushed by the grinding hammer, so that extremely fine colloidal particles are blown out of the hammer mill by the fan and enter air, and dust pollution is caused to the air; c. when the hammer mill rotates at a high speed, the crushing hammers rotate radially due to centrifugal action, but when the machine stops operating, the crushing hammers generate certain impact on the hammer mill due to inertia and gravity action, and inevitably damage the machine in the long term.
When the device provided by the invention is used for crushing and granulating coagulated latex, the surface of the crushing hammer is provided with the raised triangular block, so that the crushing effect of crushing and coagulating the latex by the crushing hammer can be improved, the contact area between the top end of the triangular block and the coagulated latex is small, the stress area of the coagulated latex is reduced, the same force acts on the surface of the coagulated latex, and the crushing of the coagulated latex is easier; the auxiliary hammer is designed on the inner wall of the cavity of the crushing device, so that the gap between the crushing hammer and the auxiliary hammer is smaller when the crushing hammer rotates, and coagulated latex which just enters the crushing cavity is more easily contacted by the crushing hammer and crushed;
the material sieving unit is designed, so that colloidal particles with qualified sizes can be sieved out, and colloidal particles with unqualified sizes can be rebounded to an area where the crushing hammer passes when rotating, so that the colloidal particles with unqualified sizes are rebounded again to be crushed again, and dust is prevented from being blown by a fan and entering an air pollution environment;
the invention designs the buffer unit, so that the impact force generated when the crushing hammer falls back under the action of inertia and gravity can be gradually reduced in the process of falling back of the crushing hammer when the equipment stops rotating, and the equipment is prevented from being damaged due to the impact of the crushing hammer on the equipment.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
FIG. 1 is a flow chart of the operation of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic elevational cross-sectional plan view of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a side cross-sectional plan view of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged plan view of the invention at A of FIG. 3;
fig. 6 is an enlarged plan view of the invention at B of fig. 3.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation features, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further explained with reference to fig. 1 to 6.
A raw material compacting method for an enhanced rubber hose uses raw material compacting equipment for the enhanced rubber hose, the raw material compacting equipment for the enhanced rubber hose comprises a base 1 and a crushing device 2, and the specific method for banburying natural rubber by adopting the raw material compacting equipment for the enhanced rubber hose is as follows:
step one, preparation operation: debugging the raw material compaction equipment of the enhanced rubber hose;
step two, latex purification: removing impurities in the latex through filtering equipment, centrifugal separation equipment or natural settling equipment;
step three, latex solidification: introducing the purified latex in the step two into a coagulating tank, and adding a proper amount of an acid coagulant into the coagulating tank to coagulate the latex;
step four, latex rolling: rolling the coagulated latex in the third step by mechanical rolling equipment, and dehydrating the coagulated latex to obtain a thinner latex coagulum with consistent thickness;
step five, crushing and granulating: starting the raw material compacting equipment of the reinforced rubber hose, and continuously putting a proper amount of latex coagulum in the step four into the crushing device 2 for crushing and granulating;
step six, drying colloidal particles: putting the colloidal particles granulated in the step five into drying equipment for drying;
step seven, weighing and packaging: weighing the colloidal particles dried in the sixth step, putting the colloidal particles with specified weight into a packaging machine for pressurization, pressing the colloidal particles from a loose state into a compact rubber block with a certain specification, and then carrying out double-layer packaging on the compact rubber by using a polyethylene film bag and a polypropylene woven bag;
the left side and the right side of the base 1 are provided with supporting plates 11, the upper end of each supporting plate 11 is provided with a crushing device 2, a collecting box 12 is arranged between the base 1 and the crushing device 2, the crushing device 2 is positioned right above the collecting box 12, the left end of each supporting plate 11 is provided with a driving motor 13, and the crushing device 2 is connected with the output end of the driving motor 13 through belt transmission; wherein:
the crushing device 2 comprises a crushing cavity 21, a crushing roller shaft 22, crushing hammers 23, a buffer unit 24, auxiliary hammers 25, a feeding port 26 and a screening unit 27, the crushing cavity 21 is installed at the upper end of the supporting plate 11, the crushing roller shaft 22 is installed inside the crushing cavity 21, the crushing roller shaft 22 is evenly provided with a plurality of crushing hammers 23 through hinges, the crushing roller shaft 22 is evenly provided with a plurality of installation holes, the installation holes are located between two adjacent rows of the crushing hammers 23, the buffer unit 24 is arranged in the installation holes, the inner wall of the crushing cavity 21 is evenly provided with the plurality of auxiliary hammers 25, the feeding port 26 is arranged at the upper end of the crushing cavity 21, and the screening unit 27 is arranged at the lower end of the; during specific work, under the drive of driving motor 13, crushing roller 22 rotates, crushing hammer 23 on crushing roller 22 is due to the effect of centrifugal force, crushing hammer 23 becomes radial expansion, then put into crushing cavity 21 with coagulating latex from pan feeding mouth 26 that lasts the right amount, crushing hammer 23 cooperation auxiliary hammer 25 begins to carry out the breakage to coagulating latex, the qualified micelle of size is discharged to collecting box 12 in by sieve material unit 27, unqualified micelle is sent back to crushing cavity 21 by sieve material unit 27 and is smashed again, after coagulating latex is smashed, after the equipment operation stop, buffer unit 24 can cushion crushing hammer 23 because the impact force that inertia and gravity produced, avoided crushing hammer 23 to produce the impact to equipment, cause equipment to damage.
A plurality of protruding triangular blocks 231 are uniformly designed on the surface of the crushing hammer 23; during specific work, the contact area between the top end of the triangular block 231 and the coagulated latex is small, so that the stress area of the coagulated latex is reduced, the same force acts on the surface of the coagulated latex, and the coagulated latex is easier to break.
The buffer unit 24 comprises a buffer cavity 241, a buffer body 242, a T-shaped rod 243, a buffer block 244 and a bearing block 245, the buffer cavity 241 is installed in the installation hole, a buffer hole is formed in the side wall of the buffer cavity 241, the buffer body 242 is connected in the buffer hole in a sliding mode through a buffer spring, the T-shaped rod 243 is installed at the bottom end of the buffer cavity 241 in a sliding mode through a compression spring, the buffer block 244 is installed at the rear end of the T-shaped rod 243, and the bearing block 245 is installed at the front end of the T-shaped rod 243;
when the equipment stops rotating, the crushing hammer 23 falls back, the bearing block 245 can be extruded, then the T-shaped rod 243 moves downwards in the buffer cavity 241, in the process of moving downwards, the buffer block 244 which can gradually contact the buffer hole and is connected with the buffer body 242 through the buffer spring in a sliding mode is installed at the rear end of the T-shaped rod 243, the buffer body 242 can be extruded into the buffer hole by the buffer block 244, due to the effect of the compression spring, the T-shaped rod 243 drives the bearing block 245 to rebound, the crushing hammer 23 can also rebound, but the crushing hammer 23 can be partially buffered due to the impact force generated by inertia and gravity, after the same process is carried out for several times, the impact force caused by the crushing hammer 23 is completely buffered, the crushing hammer 23 is still on the bearing block 245 and does not rebound, and the equipment damage is avoided due to the impact force generated by the crushing hammer 23.
The cross section of the auxiliary hammer 25 is in a diamond shape; in particular, the auxiliary weight 25 can make the gap between the crushing weight 23 and the auxiliary weight 25 smaller when the crushing weight 23 rotates, so that coagulated latex just entering the crushing cavity 21 can be more easily crushed by the contact of the crushing weight 23.
The material sieving unit 27 comprises a material sieving plate 271, a vibrating frame 272, a vibrating wheel 273, a vibrating plate 274, a vibrating rack 275, a vibrating semi-gear 276, a vibrating deflector rod 277, an arc-shaped slideway 278 and a vibrating deflector plate 279, wherein the material sieving plate 271 is uniformly provided with a plurality of material sieving holes 2711, the vibrating frame 272 is arranged in the material sieving holes 2711, the vibrating wheel 273 is arranged at the upper end of the vibrating frame 272, the middle of the vibrating frame 272 is connected with the vibrating plate 274 through a vibrating spring, the left side and the right side of the vibrating frame 272 are symmetrically provided with the vibrating rack 275, the left side and the right side of the material sieving holes 2711 are symmetrically provided with the vibrating semi-gear 276 through a pin shaft, the vibrating rack 275 is meshed with the vibrating semi-gear 276, the outer side of the vibrating semi-gear 276 is provided with the vibrating deflector rod 277, the arc-shaped slideway 278 is arranged in the material sieving hole 2711, the arc-shaped slide block 271, a first soft baffle 2713 is connected to the upper surface of the material sieving plate 271 and the upper end of the vibration frame 272, and a second soft baffle 2714 is connected between the upper side and the lower side of the material sieving hole 2711 and the vibration deflector rod 277;
during specific work, at the rotatory in-process of quartering hammer 23, quartering hammer 23 front end can hit vibration wheel 273, make vibration frame 272 reciprocate in sieve material hole 2711 under vibrating spring's effect, vibration frame 272 reciprocates and waits to vibrate rack 275 and reciprocates, make vibration half-gear 276 make a round trip to rotate, thereby vibration driving lever 277 takes vibration group board 279 to slide from top to bottom in arc slide 278, realized that the qualified micelle of size passes through sieve material hole 2711 and gets into in collecting box 12, the unqualified micelle of size is dialled back to smash in cavity 21 by vibration group board 279, by the regrinding, make the solidification latex more qualified by kibbling micelle size, still avoided using the fan to blow up the dust and get into the air pollution environment.
The foregoing illustrates and describes the principles, general features, and advantages of the present invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are given by way of illustration of the principles of the present invention, and that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (4)

1. The reinforced rubber hose raw material compacting method uses reinforced rubber hose raw material compacting equipment which comprises a base (1) and a crushing device (2), and is characterized in that: the specific method for banburying the natural rubber by adopting the reinforced rubber hose raw material banburying device is as follows:
step one, preparation operation: debugging the raw material compaction equipment of the enhanced rubber hose;
step two, latex purification: removing impurities in the latex through filtering equipment, centrifugal separation equipment or natural settling equipment;
step three, latex solidification: introducing the purified latex in the step two into a coagulating tank, and adding a proper amount of an acid coagulant into the coagulating tank to coagulate the latex;
step four, latex rolling: rolling the coagulated latex in the third step by mechanical rolling equipment, and dehydrating the coagulated latex to obtain a thinner latex coagulum with consistent thickness;
step five, crushing and granulating: starting the raw material compacting equipment of the reinforced rubber hose, and continuously putting a proper amount of latex coagulum in the step four into a crushing device (2) for crushing and granulating;
step six, drying colloidal particles: putting the colloidal particles granulated in the step five into drying equipment for drying;
step seven, weighing and packaging: weighing the colloidal particles dried in the sixth step, putting the colloidal particles with specified weight into a packaging machine for pressurization, pressing the colloidal particles from a loose state into a compact rubber block with a certain specification, and then carrying out double-layer packaging on the compact rubber by using a polyethylene film bag and a polypropylene woven bag;
the left side and the right side of the base (1) are provided with supporting plates (11), the upper end of each supporting plate (11) is provided with a crushing device (2), a collecting box (12) is arranged between the base (1) and the crushing device (2), the crushing device (2) is positioned right above the collecting box (12), the left end of each supporting plate (11) is provided with a driving motor (13), and the crushing device (2) is in transmission connection with the output end of the driving motor (13) through a belt; wherein:
the crushing device (2) comprises a crushing cavity (21), a crushing roller shaft (22), crushing hammers (23), a buffer unit (24), auxiliary hammers (25), a feeding port (26) and a screening unit (27), the crushing cavity (21) is installed at the upper end of a supporting plate (11), the crushing roller shaft (22) is installed inside the crushing cavity (21), the crushing roller shaft (22) is evenly provided with a plurality of crushing hammers (23) through hinges, the crushing roller shaft (22) is evenly provided with a plurality of mounting holes, the mounting holes are located between two adjacent rows of crushing hammers (23), the buffer unit (24) is arranged in the mounting holes, the inner wall of the crushing cavity (21) is evenly provided with a plurality of auxiliary hammers (25), the feeding port (26) is formed at the upper end of the crushing cavity (21), and the screening unit (27) is arranged at the lower end of the crushing;
the screening unit (27) comprises a screening plate (271), a vibrating frame (272), a vibrating wheel (273), a vibrating plate (274), a vibrating rack (275), a vibrating semi-gear (276), a vibrating deflector rod (277), an arc-shaped slideway (278) and a vibrating deflector plate (279), wherein a plurality of screening holes (2711) are uniformly formed in the screening plate (271), the vibrating frame (272) is installed in the screening holes (2711), the vibrating wheel (273) is installed at the upper end of the vibrating frame (272), the vibrating plate (274) is connected in the middle of the vibrating frame (272) through a vibrating spring, vibrating racks (271275) are symmetrically installed on the left side and the right side of the vibrating frame (272), the vibrating semi-gear (276) is symmetrically installed on the left side and the right side of the screening holes (2711) through a pin shaft, the vibrating rack (275) is meshed with the vibrating semi-gear (276), the vibrating deflector rod (277) is installed on the outer side of the vibrating semi-gear (, an arc-shaped sliding block (2712) is arranged at the rear end of the vibrating shifting rod (277), an arc-shaped sliding way (278) is connected with the arc-shaped sliding block (2712) in a sliding mode, a vibrating shifting plate (279) is installed at the front end of the vibrating shifting rod (277), a first soft baffle (2713) is connected to the upper surface of the screening plate (271) and the upper end of the vibrating frame (272), and a second soft baffle (2714) is connected between the upper side and the lower side of the screening hole (2711) and the vibrating shifting rod (277).
2. The method for compacting reinforced rubber hose material according to claim 1, wherein: a plurality of protruding triangular blocks (231) are uniformly designed on the surface of the crushing hammer (23).
3. The method for compacting reinforced rubber hose material according to claim 1, wherein: buffer unit (24) are including buffer cavity (241), the buffering body (242), T type pole (243), buffer block (244) and bearing piece (245), install buffer cavity (241) in the mounting hole, be provided with the buffering hole on buffer cavity (241) lateral wall, there is buffer body (242) buffering downthehole through buffer spring sliding connection, there is T type pole (243) buffer cavity (241) bottom through compression spring sliding mounting, buffer block (244) are installed to T type pole (243) rear end, bearing piece (245) are installed to T type pole (243) front end.
4. The method for compacting reinforced rubber hose material according to claim 1, wherein: the cross section of the auxiliary hammer (25) is rhombic.
CN202010311322.3A 2020-04-20 2020-04-20 Method for compacting raw materials of enhanced rubber hose Active CN111495500B (en)

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CN111495500B true CN111495500B (en) 2020-12-15

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