CN111482233A - Building rubbish reducing mechanism - Google Patents

Building rubbish reducing mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111482233A
CN111482233A CN202010365467.1A CN202010365467A CN111482233A CN 111482233 A CN111482233 A CN 111482233A CN 202010365467 A CN202010365467 A CN 202010365467A CN 111482233 A CN111482233 A CN 111482233A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
crushing
construction waste
shell
primary
rollers
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN202010365467.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴满意
Original Assignee
吴满意
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 吴满意 filed Critical 吴满意
Priority to CN202010365467.1A priority Critical patent/CN111482233A/en
Publication of CN111482233A publication Critical patent/CN111482233A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D47/00Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent
    • B01D47/06Spray cleaning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/18Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • B02C2023/165Screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention is suitable for the field of construction waste treatment, and provides a construction waste crushing device, which comprises: the inner part of the shell is used for containing and crushing construction waste; the primary crushing mechanism is arranged at the bottom of the feeding hole and is used for primarily crushing the construction waste entering from the feeding hole; the conveying mechanism is arranged at the bottom of the primary crushing mechanism and is used for conveying the building garbage subjected to primary crushing; the secondary crushing mechanism is used for crushing the building garbage which is crushed preliminarily again; the screening mechanism is arranged at the bottom of the secondary crushing mechanism, screens the construction waste crushed again and collects the construction waste which does not meet the crushing requirement; the building garbage smashing device is characterized in that a water inlet is formed in the shell of the building garbage smashing device, and the water inlet is communicated with a water pump and a water tank through a water pipe, so that dust generated in the process of collecting building garbage is reduced.

Description

Building rubbish reducing mechanism
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of construction waste treatment, and particularly relates to a construction waste crushing device.
Background
Construction waste refers to the construction waste that produces because reasons such as artificial or nature in building engineering, these construction waste cause the potential safety hazard easily and pollute water, air, need carry out corresponding processing, when handling waste, often need carry out shredding to the construction waste that the building in-process produced in order to make things convenient for the shipment, however current construction waste shredding equipment, can produce great dust in shredding, polluted air causes the threat to constructor's healthy simultaneously, be difficult to satisfy people daily construction waste treatment demand.
Disclosure of Invention
The embodiment of the invention aims to provide a construction waste crushing device, and aims to solve the problem that a large amount of dust is generated in the crushing process of the conventional common construction waste crushing device.
To achieve the above object, the embodiment of the present invention is implemented as follows:
building rubbish reducing mechanism includes:
the inner part of the shell is used for containing and crushing construction waste;
the primary crushing mechanism is arranged inside the shell and is used for primarily crushing the construction waste;
the secondary crushing mechanism is arranged in the shell and is used for crushing the building garbage which is crushed primarily again;
the conveying mechanism is arranged in the shell, one end of the conveying mechanism is positioned below the primary crushing mechanism, the other end of the conveying mechanism is positioned above the secondary crushing mechanism, and the conveying mechanism conveys the building garbage subjected to primary crushing;
the screening mechanism is arranged below the secondary crushing mechanism, screens the construction waste crushed again and collects the construction waste which does not meet the crushing requirement;
the water inlet is communicated with the water pump and the water tank through a water pipe, and a control valve capable of controlling the water flow is arranged on the water pipe.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the primary crushing mechanism comprises: the two primary crushing rollers are arranged in the shell and are in rotating connection with the shell; the power part is coaxially and fixedly connected with one of the primary crushing rollers and drives the primary crushing rollers to rotate through the primary transmission part arranged outside the shell.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the primary transmission part comprises two primary gears engaged with each other, and the primary gears are respectively and fixedly connected with the primary crushing roller.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the carrying mechanism includes: at least two rollers are arranged in the shell; the conveying belt is arranged on the roller wheel, and the roller wheel is driven by the power part to rotate and drives the conveying belt to move.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the secondary crushing mechanism comprises: the two secondary crushing rollers are arranged in the shell and are in rotating connection with the shell; and the power part is coaxially and fixedly connected with one of the secondary crushing rollers and drives the secondary crushing roller to rotate through a secondary transmission part arranged outside the shell.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the secondary transmission part comprises two secondary gears engaged with each other, and the secondary gears are respectively fixedly connected with the secondary crushing rollers.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the screening mechanism includes:
one end of the screen is rotatably connected inside the shell, and the other end of the screen is arranged inside the shell in a lifting manner;
the cam is arranged on the lifting side of the screen;
a driving member mounted outside the housing;
one end of the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the cam, the other end of the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the output shaft of the driving piece in a coaxial mode, and the screening mechanism screens the construction waste crushed in the second stage.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, a collecting box for collecting construction waste with unqualified crushing quality is arranged on one side of the outer wall of the shell between the secondary crushing mechanism and the screening mechanism.
According to the building garbage crushing device provided by the embodiment of the invention, the building garbage can be thoroughly crushed through the primary crushing mechanism, the secondary crushing drum and the screening mechanism, and meanwhile, water can be sprayed during discharging through the water pump and the water tank arranged below the screening mechanism, so that the generation of raised dust is reduced, the environment pollution caused by the raised dust is prevented, and the health of construction personnel is protected.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a front structural view of a construction waste crushing apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a primary crushing mechanism of a construction waste crushing device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a secondary crushing mechanism of a construction waste crushing device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of a secondary crushing roller of the construction waste crushing device provided by the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a housing of the construction waste crushing device according to the embodiment of the invention.
In the drawings: 1. a housing; 2. a feed inlet; 3. a primary crushing mechanism; 31. a primary crushing roller; 32. a primary transmission part; 321. a primary gear; 33. an electric motor; 4. a conveyance mechanism; 5. a secondary crushing mechanism; 51. a secondary crushing roller; 52. a secondary transmission part; 521. a secondary gear; 6. a screening mechanism; 61. a cam; 62. an electric motor; 63. a rotating shaft; 64. screening a screen; 7. a water pump; 8. a water tank; 9. a discharge port; 10. a collection box; 11. and a discharging box.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
Specific implementations of the present invention are described in detail below with reference to specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1, a structural diagram of a construction waste crushing device provided in an embodiment of the present invention includes: a housing 1 for receiving and crushing construction waste therein; the primary crushing mechanism 3 is arranged inside the shell 1 and is used for primarily crushing the construction waste; the secondary crushing mechanism 5 is arranged inside the shell 1 and is used for crushing the building garbage which is crushed primarily again; the conveying mechanism 4 is arranged in the shell 1, one end of the conveying mechanism is positioned below the primary crushing mechanism 3, the other end of the conveying mechanism is positioned above the secondary crushing mechanism 5, and the construction waste subjected to primary crushing is conveyed; the screening mechanism 6 is arranged below the secondary crushing mechanism 5, screens the construction waste crushed again, and collects the construction waste which does not meet the crushing requirement;
the water inlet is formed in the outer wall of the bottom of the screening mechanism, the water inlet is communicated with the water pump 7 and the water tank 8 through a water pipe, and a control valve capable of controlling the water flow is arranged on the water pipe.
In the embodiment of the invention, after the construction waste is thrown in from the feed inlet 2, the construction waste passes through the primary crushing mechanism 3, the primary crushing mechanism 3 performs primary crushing on the construction waste, the construction waste after the primary crushing falls onto the conveying mechanism 4, the conveying mechanism 4 conveys the construction waste after the primary crushing to the secondary crushing mechanism 5, the secondary crushing mechanism 5 further crushes the construction waste, the conveying mechanism 4 can prevent the construction waste after the secondary crushing from entering the air through the feed inlet 2 to pollute the air, the construction waste after the secondary crushing falls onto the screening mechanism 6, the screening mechanism 6 screens the construction waste after the secondary crushing, the construction waste with unqualified crushing quality can not pass through the screening mechanism 6 and can be collected and thrown in from the feed inlet 2 again, and pulverizing again. Smash qualified building rubbish of quality and pass through screening mechanism 6 and pass through discharge gate 9 is accomodate together, when smashing qualified building rubbish of quality and being accomodate, can produce a large amount of dusts, opens water pump 7, follows draw water in the water tank 8 and via the water pipe is vaporific sprays in the building rubbish reducing mechanism shell 1, can effectively reduce dust and fly upward.
As shown in fig. 2, as a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the primary crushing mechanism 3 includes: two primary crushing rollers 31 installed inside the housing 1 and rotatably connected to the housing 1; and the power part can be an electric motor 33, a motor and the like, is coaxially and fixedly connected with one of the primary crushing rollers 31, and drives the other primary crushing roller 31 to rotate through a primary transmission part 32 arranged outside the shell 1. The crushing teeth on the two rotating primary crushing rollers 31 extrude each other to crush the construction waste.
As shown in fig. 2, as a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the primary transmission part 32 may adopt a primary gear 321 for transmission, or may adopt other transmission methods such as belt transmission. The outside of first-order transmission portion 32 need install the protective housing additional, and the protective housing protection transmission part in the first-order transmission portion 32 is not corroded, the morals and manners, first-order transmission portion 32 also can be installed inside shell 1.
As shown in fig. 1, as a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the carrying mechanism 4 includes:
at least two rollers are arranged in the shell; the conveyer belt is installed on the gyro wheel, the gyro wheel is rotated by the power part drive, and drives the conveyer belt motion, the power part can be motor, motor etc., transport mechanism 4 and transport the process the building rubbish of 3 preliminary smashes of one-level rubbing crusher constructs 5 tops to reducible building rubbish dust after the second grade is smashed diffuses to the air through feed inlet 2.
As shown in fig. 3, as a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the mechanism of the secondary crushing mechanism 5 is similar to that of the primary crushing mechanism 3, and is not described herein again, preferably, in order to make the crushing effect of the secondary crushing mechanism 5 better than that of the primary crushing mechanism 3, the crushing teeth on the secondary crushing roller 51 are more than those on the primary crushing roller 31, and at the same time, the distances between the crushing teeth are closer, and the more dense crushing teeth can achieve a better crushing effect, so that the secondary crushing mechanism 5 has a better crushing effect than that of the primary crushing mechanism 3.
As shown in fig. 1, as a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the screening mechanism 6 includes:
a screen 64, one end of which is rotatably connected inside the housing 1 and the other end of which is arranged inside the housing 1 in a liftable way;
the cam 61 is arranged on one lifting side of the screen 64;
a driving member, which is installed outside the housing 1, and can be an electric motor 62, a motor, etc.;
and one end of the rotating shaft 63 is fixedly connected with the cam 61, and the other end of the rotating shaft is coaxially and fixedly connected with the output shaft of the driving piece.
The construction waste crushed again falls onto the screen 64, meanwhile, the driving piece drives the rotating shaft 63 to rotate and drives the cam 61 to rotate, the screen 64 can be continuously vibrated in the rotation process of the cam 61, so that the construction waste with qualified crushing quality can be screened out, the construction waste with unqualified crushing quality can be left on the screen 64, after the construction waste with qualified crushing quality is collected, the collecting box 10 is opened, the cam 61 is rotated to enable the screen height on the side to be higher than that on the other side, the remaining construction waste with unqualified crushing quality can be poured into the collecting box 10, and the construction waste with unqualified crushing quality in the collecting box 10 can be fed from the feeding port 2 again to be crushed again. Screening mechanism 6 can screen whether the building rubbish crushing quality is qualified, collects the building rubbish that crushing quality is unqualified and can smash once more, has improved building rubbish's crushing quality.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalents and improvements made within the spirit and principle of the present invention are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a construction waste reducing mechanism which characterized in that, construction waste reducing mechanism includes:
the inner part of the shell is used for containing and crushing construction waste;
the primary crushing mechanism is arranged inside the shell and is used for primarily crushing the construction waste;
the secondary crushing mechanism is arranged in the shell and is used for crushing the building garbage which is crushed primarily again;
the conveying mechanism is arranged in the shell, one end of the conveying mechanism is positioned below the primary crushing mechanism, the other end of the conveying mechanism is positioned above the secondary crushing mechanism, and the conveying mechanism conveys the building garbage subjected to primary crushing;
the screening mechanism is arranged below the secondary crushing mechanism, screens the construction waste crushed again and collects the construction waste which does not meet the crushing requirement;
the water inlet is communicated with the water pump and the water tank through a water pipe, and a control valve capable of controlling the water flow is arranged on the water pipe.
2. The construction waste crushing device according to claim 1, wherein the primary crushing mechanism comprises: the two primary crushing rollers are arranged in the shell and are in rotating connection with the shell; the power part is coaxially and fixedly connected with one of the primary crushing rollers and drives the primary crushing rollers to rotate through the primary transmission part arranged outside the shell.
3. The construction waste crushing device as claimed in claim 2, wherein the primary transmission part comprises two primary gears which are meshed with each other, and the primary gears are fixedly connected with the primary crushing rollers respectively.
4. The construction waste crushing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the conveying mechanism includes: at least two rollers are arranged in the shell; the conveying belt is arranged on the roller wheel, and the roller wheel is driven by the power part to rotate and drives the conveying belt to move.
5. The construction waste crushing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the secondary crushing mechanism includes: the two secondary crushing rollers are arranged in the shell and are in rotating connection with the shell; and the power part is coaxially and fixedly connected with one of the secondary crushing rollers and drives the secondary crushing roller to rotate through a secondary transmission part arranged outside the shell.
6. The construction waste crushing device as claimed in claim 5, wherein the secondary transmission part comprises two secondary gears which are meshed with each other, and the secondary gears are respectively fixedly connected with the secondary crushing rollers.
7. The construction waste crushing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the screening mechanism includes:
one end of the screen is rotatably connected inside the shell, and the other end of the screen is arranged inside the shell in a lifting manner;
the cam is arranged on the lifting side of the screen;
a driving member mounted outside the housing;
one end of the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the cam, the other end of the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the output shaft of the driving piece in a coaxial mode, and the screening mechanism screens the construction waste crushed in the second stage.
8. The construction waste crushing device as claimed in claim 1 or 7, wherein a collecting box for collecting construction waste with unqualified crushing quality is installed at one side of the outer wall of the shell between the secondary crushing mechanism and the screening mechanism.
CN202010365467.1A 2020-04-30 2020-04-30 Building rubbish reducing mechanism Withdrawn CN111482233A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010365467.1A CN111482233A (en) 2020-04-30 2020-04-30 Building rubbish reducing mechanism

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010365467.1A CN111482233A (en) 2020-04-30 2020-04-30 Building rubbish reducing mechanism

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111482233A true CN111482233A (en) 2020-08-04

Family

ID=71790277

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010365467.1A Withdrawn CN111482233A (en) 2020-04-30 2020-04-30 Building rubbish reducing mechanism

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111482233A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112121908A (en) * 2020-09-14 2020-12-25 陶鹏 Engineering garbage recycling and treating equipment used in building field

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112121908A (en) * 2020-09-14 2020-12-25 陶鹏 Engineering garbage recycling and treating equipment used in building field

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WW01 Invention patent application withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20200804

WW01 Invention patent application withdrawn after publication