CN111466242B - Ventilation volume adjusting device and method for ventilation opening of vegetable cultivation greenhouse - Google Patents

Ventilation volume adjusting device and method for ventilation opening of vegetable cultivation greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111466242B
CN111466242B CN202010512958.4A CN202010512958A CN111466242B CN 111466242 B CN111466242 B CN 111466242B CN 202010512958 A CN202010512958 A CN 202010512958A CN 111466242 B CN111466242 B CN 111466242B
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China
Prior art keywords
cover body
ring
ventilation
outer cover
wind
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CN111466242A (en
Inventor
黄兴学
张泽根
秦良超
聂茂俊
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Anhui Wanjiang Vegetable Industry Technology Research Institute Co ltd
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Anhui Wanjiang Vegetable Industry Technology Research Institute Co ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/246Air-conditioning systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/241Arrangement of opening or closing systems for windows and ventilation panels
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses a ventilation regulating device and method for a ventilation opening of a vegetable cultivation greenhouse, and the ventilation regulating device comprises an installation ring, an outer cover body, an inner cover body and a wind vane, wherein the inner ring of the installation ring is movably connected with the outer cover body, the inner cover body is movably connected in the outer cover body, the wind vane penetrates through the outer cover body and the inner cover body, an installation flange is fixedly connected to the outer wall of the upper end of the installation ring, a limiting wavy edge is arranged at the lower end of the installation ring, and a first sliding groove is arranged on the inner wall of the installation ring. This vegetable cultivation big-arch shelter vent air volume adjusting device and method, it is fixed through the collar, easy to use, easy installation utilizes the direction of first semicircle cover definite air intake, the size of second semicircle cover adjustment air intake, second semicircle cover and first semicircle cover play and gather the wind effect, adopt wave ladder and spacing wave limit block, fixed dustcoat body, rotatory handle and arc draw-in groove block play the purpose of the fixed inner cover body, simple structure facilitates the use.

Description

Ventilation volume adjusting device and method for ventilation opening of vegetable cultivation greenhouse
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of vegetable cultivation, in particular to a ventilation quantity adjusting device and method for a ventilation opening of a vegetable cultivation greenhouse.
Background
A greenhouse is a facility for growing plants, and is transparent to light, keeps warm (or warms) in seasons unsuitable for plant growth, prolongs the growth period of vegetables or fruits, and has been widely used in order to increase yield. The greenhouse needs frequent ventilation, so that the greenhouse has beneficial effects on greenhouse vegetables and plants in various aspects such as cooling, dehumidifying, regulating and supplementing carbon dioxide, removing harmful gases and the like. At present, the ventilation modes of the greenhouse mainly comprise the following modes: the forced ventilation device of the blower is adopted, and the mode wastes energy sources; the side plastic film is adopted to roll and open the window, and the mode cannot achieve the air circulation of the whole greenhouse; the fixed window is arranged at the top, and the adjustment of the opening of the window cannot be realized in the mode, so that the temperature is not kept favorably.
Chinese patent CN207322084U discloses a warmhouse booth and ventilation structure thereof, warmhouse booth includes the canopy body of seting up the vent at the top, and warmhouse booth's ventilation structure includes: the ventilation structure comprises a cover plate, a connecting piece and a frame, wherein the cover plate is located outside the greenhouse body and used for shielding the ventilation opening, the connecting piece is connected with the cover plate and penetrates through the ventilation opening to enter the greenhouse body, the frame is located in the greenhouse body and supports the connecting piece, the distance of the cover plate relative to the ventilation opening is adjustable, the ventilation structure can adjust the opening degree of the ventilation opening, the ventilation structure is arranged at the top of the greenhouse, and the ventilation efficiency is good.
Although this application has solved the problem in the background art to a certain extent, the vent setting can not adjust it in the application at the top of big-arch shelter, does not have the effect of gathering wind, and the wind that gets into in the big-arch shelter is limited, causes ventilation effect general, can not be fast for the big-arch shelter cooling.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a ventilation quantity adjusting device and method for a ventilation opening of a vegetable cultivation greenhouse, which are fixed through an installation ring, are simple to use and easy to install, the direction of an air inlet is determined by utilizing a first semicircular cover, the size of the air inlet is adjusted by utilizing a second semicircular cover, the second semicircular cover and the first semicircular cover play a role in wind gathering, the structure is simple, the use is convenient, a wind vane is additionally arranged, the external wind direction can be obtained in real time, a lower indicating marker post and an upper indicating marker post rotate simultaneously, the external wind direction can be known in the greenhouse through the lower indicating marker post, the adjustment is convenient, and a guide blade is used for guiding wind, so that the wind rotates spirally and moves downwards, the wind can be favorably diffused into the greenhouse, and the problems in the background technology are solved.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a ventilation regulating device of a ventilation opening of a vegetable cultivation greenhouse comprises a mounting ring, an outer cover body, an inner cover body and a wind vane, wherein the inner ring of the mounting ring is movably connected with the outer cover body, the inner cover body is movably connected with the outer cover body, the wind vane penetrates through the outer cover body and the inner cover body, the outer cover body comprises a first semicircular cover and a cylindrical connecting cylinder, the lower end of the first semicircular cover is fixedly connected with one side of the upper end of the cylindrical connecting cylinder, the upper end of the first semicircular cover is fixedly connected with a first fixing block, the lower end of the cylindrical connecting cylinder is connected with a wave ladder, a first sliding ring is fixedly connected onto the cylindrical connecting cylinder above the wave ladder, a second sliding groove is formed in the inner wall of the cylindrical connecting cylinder, arc-shaped clamping grooves are formed in the lower end of the cylindrical connecting cylinder at equal intervals, a handle is connected onto the inner wall of the lower end of the cylindrical connecting cylinder, the inner cover body comprises a connecting ring, a second semicircular cover and a regulating cylinder, fixedly connected with second sliding ring on the outer wall of go-between, the inner wall and the regulation section of thick bamboo of go-between are connected, the lower extreme and the lateral wall fixed connection of go-between upper end of second half-round cover, the upper end of second half-round cover is connected with the second fixed block, the spacing arc of one side fixedly connected with of second half-round cover, the upper end fixedly connected with guide vane who adjusts a section of thick bamboo, the slope of guide vane sets up, and guide vane's one end and go-between fixed connection are connected with articulated seat on adjusting the lateral wall of a section of thick bamboo, and the articulated handle that is connected with on the articulated seat.
Preferably, fixedly connected with mounting flange on the outer wall of collar upper end, spacing wavy limit has been seted up to the lower extreme of collar, has seted up first spout on the inner wall of collar, and the equidistance is connected with the spring in the first spout, and the upper end fixed connection of spring is connected with the sliding ring.
Preferably, the wind vane comprises a stainless steel pipe, an upper indicating marker post and a lower indicating marker post, the stainless steel pipe penetrates through the outer cover body, the inner cover body and the mounting ring respectively, and the upper end and the lower end of the stainless steel pipe are connected with the upper indicating marker post and the lower indicating marker post respectively.
Preferably, go up instruction sighting rod and lower instruction sighting rod parallel arrangement, and go up instruction sighting rod and lower instruction sighting rod and all include arrow head and arrow tail.
Another technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a method for adjusting a ventilation volume adjusting device of a ventilation opening of a vegetable cultivation greenhouse, comprising the following steps:
s1: the top of the greenhouse is provided with a vent, the mounting ring is fixed at the vent, the stainless steel pipe is respectively and movably connected with the first fixing block and the second fixing block through a bearing, the lower end of the stainless steel pipe is movably connected with the adjusting cylinder through a bearing, and the lower end of the stainless steel pipe extends into the greenhouse;
s2: the upper indicator post rotates along with the wind direction, the arrow points to the wind direction, when ventilation is needed, the handle is pulled down, the first sliding ring moves down to press the spring to contract, the outer cover body, the inner cover body and the wind vane integrally move down, the limiting wavy edge is separated from the wavy step, and the outer cover body is rotated to be consistent with the arrow tail direction;
s3: after the position of the outer cover body is adjusted, the handle is loosened, the spring is reset, the cylindrical connecting cylinder is pushed to move upwards, the limiting wavy edge is clamped with the wavy ladder, and the position of the outer cover body is fixed;
s4: separating the rotating handle from the arc-shaped clamping groove, pushing the rotating handle to rotate, driving the adjusting cylinder to rotate, adjusting the dislocation size of the second semicircular cover and the first semicircular cover as required, adjusting the size of the air inlet, and after adjusting to a required position, clamping the rotating handle with the arc-shaped clamping groove to fix the position of the inner cover body;
s5: wind enters the connecting ring from the opening between the second semicircular cover and the first semicircular cover, and moves downwards in a spiral shape through the guiding of the guide blades, so that ventilation is realized in the greenhouse.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the ventilation quantity adjusting device and method for the ventilation opening of the vegetable cultivation greenhouse are fixed through the mounting ring, use is simple, installation is easy, the first semicircular cover is used for determining the direction of the air inlet, the second semicircular cover is used for adjusting the size of the air inlet, the second semicircular cover and the first semicircular cover play a role in wind gathering, wave steps are adopted to be clamped with limiting wave edges, the outer cover body is fixed, the rotating handle is clamped with the arc-shaped clamping groove to achieve the purpose of fixing the inner cover body, the structure is simple, use is convenient, a wind vane is additionally arranged, external wind direction can be obtained in real time, the lower indicating mark rod and the upper indicating mark rod rotate simultaneously, external wind direction can be known in the greenhouse through the lower indicating mark rod, adjustment is convenient, the guide vane is used for guiding wind, the wind rotates and moves downwards in a spiral mode, and the wind can be favorably diffused into the greenhouse.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is an overall block diagram of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a block diagram of the mounting ring of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a view of the outer cover structure of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of a cylindrical connector barrel coupling of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a bottom view of the outer cover of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a view showing the construction of the inner cover of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a view showing another perspective of the inner cover of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a partial structural view of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a mounting ring; 11. installing a flange; 12. limiting the wavy edge; 13. a first chute; 131. a spring; 132. a sliding ring; 2. an outer cover body; 21. a first semicircular cover; 211. a first fixed block; 22. a cylindrical connecting cylinder; 221. a wavy step; 222. a first slip ring; 223. a second chute; 224. an arc-shaped clamping groove; 225. a handle; 3. an inner cover body; 31. a connecting ring; 311. a second slip ring; 32. a second half-round cover; 321. a second fixed block; 322. a limiting arc plate; 33. an adjusting cylinder; 331. a guide blade; 332. a hinged seat; 333. rotating the handle; 4. a wind vane; 41. a stainless steel tube; 42. an upper indication marker post; 43. and a lower indicating marker post.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1, the ventilation regulating device for the ventilation opening of the vegetable cultivation greenhouse comprises an installation ring 1, an outer cover body 2, an inner cover body 3 and a wind vane 4, wherein the inner ring of the installation ring 1 is movably connected with the outer cover body 2, the inner cover body 2 is movably connected with the inner cover body 3, and the wind vane 4 penetrates through the outer cover body 2 and the inner cover body 3.
Referring to fig. 2, the outer wall of the upper end of the mounting ring 1 is fixedly connected with a mounting flange 11, the mounting flange 11 is fixed at the vent of the greenhouse, so that the mounting is convenient to fix, the lower end of the mounting ring 1 is provided with a limiting wavy edge 12, the inner wall of the mounting ring 1 is provided with a first sliding chute 13, springs 131 are equidistantly connected in the first sliding chute 13, and the upper ends of the springs 131 are fixedly connected with a sliding ring 132.
Referring to fig. 3-5, the outer cover body 2 includes a first semicircular cover 21 and a cylindrical connecting cylinder 22, a lower end of the first semicircular cover 21 is fixedly connected to one side of an upper end of the cylindrical connecting cylinder 22, the cylindrical connecting cylinder 22 is used for fixing the first semicircular cover 21, an upper end of the first semicircular cover 21 is fixedly connected to a first fixing block 211, the first fixing block 211 and a second fixing block 321 are used for fixing the first semicircular cover 21 and the second semicircular cover 32, a lower end of the cylindrical connecting cylinder 22 is connected to a wave step 221, the wave step 221 is matched with the limit wave edge 12, when the wave step 221 is engaged with the limit wave edge 12, the outer cover body 2 is fixed and can not rotate, when the wave step 221 is separated from the limit wave edge 12, the cylindrical connecting cylinder 22 can rotate to drive the outer cover body 2 to rotate to adjust the air inlet direction, the air inlet efficiency is improved to the greatest extent, a first slip ring 222 is fixedly connected to the cylindrical connecting cylinder 22 above the wave step 221, the first slip ring 222 is clamped with the first sliding groove 13, the lower surface of the first slip ring 222 is connected with the upper surface of the sliding ring 132, the first slip ring 222 rotates on the sliding ring 132, the side wall of the cylindrical connecting cylinder 22 is in contact with the side wall of the spring 131 to limit the spring 131, the inner wall of the cylindrical connecting cylinder 22 is provided with the second sliding groove 223, the lower end of the cylindrical connecting cylinder 22 is provided with arc-shaped clamping grooves 224 at equal intervals, the arc-shaped clamping grooves 224 play a role in fixing the rotating handle 333, so that the position of the inner cover body 3 is fixed, the position of the air inlet is adjusted, the inner wall of the lower end of the cylindrical connecting cylinder 22 is connected with the handle 225, the central line of the handle 225 is parallel to the central line of the first semicircular cover 21, the position of the first semicircular cover 32 can be judged through the position of the handle 225, observation outside the greenhouse is not needed, and the use is convenient.
Referring to fig. 6-7, the inner cover 3 includes a connection ring 31, a second half-circular cover 32 and an adjusting cylinder 33, a second slip ring 311 is fixedly connected to an outer wall of the connection ring 31, the second slip ring 311 is movably connected to a second sliding groove 223, the inner cover 3 can rotate inside the outer cover 2 to open and close, an inner wall of the connection ring 31 is connected to the adjusting cylinder 33, a lower end of the second half-circular cover 32 is fixedly connected to a side wall of an upper end of the connection ring 31, an upper end of the second half-circular cover 32 is connected to a second fixing block 321, one side of the second half-circular cover 32 is fixedly connected to a limiting arc 322, when the limiting arc 322 rotates to contact with a side of the first half-circular cover 21, over-rotation is prevented, a guide vane 331 is fixedly connected to an upper end of the adjusting cylinder 33, the guide vane 331 is inclined, the guide vane 331 is used for guiding wind, so that the wind rotates in a spiral shape to move downwards, which is beneficial to the wind diffusing into the greenhouse, one end of the guide blade 331 is fixedly connected with the connecting ring 31, the side wall of the adjusting cylinder 33 is connected with a hinged seat 332, the hinged seat 332 is hinged with a rotating handle 333, the rotating handle 333 drives the adjusting cylinder 33 to rotate, which is the same as adjusting the position of the inner cover body 3, so that the opening sizes of the first half-circular cover 21 and the second half-circular cover 32 are adjusted, the rotating handle 333 is positioned in the central line direction of the second half-circular cover 32, the position of the second half-circular cover 21 can be judged through the position of the rotating handle 333, and the adjustment is convenient.
Referring to fig. 8, the wind vane 4 includes a stainless steel pipe 41, an upper indicator rod 42 and a lower indicator rod 43, the stainless steel pipe 41 penetrates through the outer cover 2, the inner cover 3 and the mounting ring 1, the stainless steel pipe 41 is connected to the first fixing block 211, the second fixing block 321 and the adjusting cylinder 33 through a bearing, the stainless steel pipe 41 can rotate on the first half-round cover 21 and the second half-round cover 32, the upper end and the lower end of the stainless steel pipe 41 are connected to the upper indicator rod 42 and the lower indicator rod 43 respectively, the upper indicator rod 42 and the lower indicator rod 43 are arranged in parallel, the upper indicator rod 42 and the lower indicator rod 43 include arrows and arrow tails, the arrows point to wind directions, the upper indicator rod 42 rotates along with the wind directions, the lower indicator rod 43 and the upper indicator rod 42 rotate simultaneously, and the wind directions inside and outside the greenhouse can be known through the lower indicator rod 43.
In order to better show the adjusting process of the ventilation regulating device of the ventilation opening of the vegetable cultivation greenhouse, the embodiment now provides an adjusting method of the ventilation regulating device of the ventilation opening of the vegetable cultivation greenhouse, which includes the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: a ventilation opening is formed in the top of the greenhouse, the mounting ring 1 is fixed at the ventilation opening, the stainless steel pipe 41 is movably connected with the first fixing block 211 and the second fixing block 321 through bearings respectively, the lower end of the stainless steel pipe 41 is movably connected with the adjusting cylinder 33 through a bearing, the lower end of the stainless steel pipe 41 extends into the greenhouse, and the external wind direction can be known in the greenhouse through the lower indicating marker post 43;
step two: the upper indicating marker post 42 rotates along with the wind direction, an arrow points to the wind direction, when ventilation is needed, the position of the first semicircular cover 21 can be judged through the position of the handle 225, the handle 225 is pulled down without being observed outside the greenhouse, the first sliding ring 222 moves downwards to press the spring 131 to contract, the outer cover body 2, the inner cover body 3 and the wind vane 4 integrally move downwards, the limiting wave edge 12 is separated from the wave ladder 221, and at the moment, the outer cover body 2 is rotated to be consistent with the arrow tail direction;
step three: after the position of the outer cover body 2 is adjusted, the handle 225 is loosened, the spring 131 is reset, the cylindrical connecting cylinder 22 is pushed to move upwards, the limiting wavy edge 12 is clamped with the wavy ladder 221, the position of the outer cover body 2 is fixed, and the air inlet direction of the outer cover body 2 is determined;
step four: separating the rotating handle 333 from the arc-shaped clamping groove 224, pushing the rotating handle 333 to rotate, driving the adjusting cylinder 33 to rotate, adjusting the dislocation size of the second semicircular cover 32 and the first semicircular cover 21 according to requirements, controlling the size of the air inlet, after adjusting to a required position, clamping the rotating handle 333 with the arc-shaped clamping groove 224, and fixing the position of the inner cover body 3;
step five: the wind enters the connecting ring 31 from the opening between the second semicircular cover 32 and the first semicircular cover 21, the second semicircular cover 32 and the first semicircular cover 21 play a role in collecting the wind, the wind is guided by the guide blades 331 and spirally moves downwards, and the wind moving downwards into the greenhouse is spirally diffused under the action of centrifugal force to ventilate and exchange the air in the greenhouse.
In summary, the following steps: this vegetable cultivation big-arch shelter vent air volume adjusting device, it is fixed through collar 1, high durability and convenient use, install easily, utilize first semicircle cover 21 to confirm the direction of air intake, the size of second semicircle cover 32 adjustment air intake, second semicircle cover 32 and first semicircle cover 21 play the effect of gathering wind, adopt wave ladder 221 and spacing wave limit 12 block, fixed dustcoat body 2, rotatory handle 333 and arc draw-in groove 224 block, play the purpose of fixed dustcoat body 3, moreover, the steam generator is simple in structure, convenient to use, be equipped with wind vane 4 in addition, can acquire outside wind direction in real time, lower indication mark pole 43 rotates simultaneously with last indication mark pole 42, can know outside wind direction in the big-arch shelter through lower indication mark pole 43, convenient adjustment, guide vane 331 is the wind direction, make wind be the rotatory lapse of heliciform, be favorable to wind to spreading in the big-arch shelter.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art should be able to cover the technical solutions and the inventive concepts of the present invention within the technical scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a vegetable cultivation big-arch shelter vent air volume adjusting device, includes collar (1), the outer cover body (2), inner cover body (3) and wind vane (4), its characterized in that: the inner ring of the mounting ring (1) is movably connected with an outer cover body (2), the inner cover body (3) is movably connected in the outer cover body (2), a wind vane (4) penetrates through the outer cover body (2) and the inner cover body (3), the outer cover body (2) comprises a first semicircular cover (21) and a cylindrical connecting cylinder (22), the lower end of the first semicircular cover (21) is fixedly connected with one side of the upper end of the cylindrical connecting cylinder (22), the upper end of the first semicircular cover (21) is fixedly connected with a first fixing block (211), the lower end of the cylindrical connecting cylinder (22) is connected with a wave ladder (221), a first sliding ring (222) is fixedly connected on the cylindrical connecting cylinder (22) above the wave ladder (221), a second sliding groove (223) is formed in the inner wall of the cylindrical connecting cylinder (22), arc-shaped grooves (224) are formed in the lower end of the cylindrical connecting cylinder (22) at equal intervals, and a handle (225) is connected on the inner wall of the lower end of the cylindrical connecting cylinder (22), the inner cover body (3) comprises a connecting ring (31), a second half-round cover (32) and an adjusting cylinder (33), a second sliding ring (311) is fixedly connected to the outer wall of the connecting ring (31), the inner wall of the connecting ring (31) is connected with the adjusting cylinder (33), the lower end of the second half-round cover (32) is fixedly connected to the upper end of the connecting ring (31), a second fixing block (321) is connected to the upper end of the second half-round cover (32), a limiting arc-shaped plate (322) is fixedly connected to one side of the second half-round cover (32), guide vanes (331) are fixedly connected to the upper end of the adjusting cylinder (33), the guide vanes (331) are obliquely arranged, one ends of the guide vanes (331) are fixedly connected with the connecting ring (31), a hinged base (332) is connected to the side wall of the adjusting cylinder (33), and a rotating handle (333) is hinged to the hinged base (332).
2. The ventilation regulating device of the vegetable cultivation greenhouse ventilation opening as claimed in claim 1, wherein: fixedly connected with mounting flange (11) on the outer wall of collar (1) upper end, spacing wavy limit (12) have been seted up to the lower extreme of collar (1), have seted up first spout (13) on the inner wall of collar (1), and the equidistance is connected with spring (131) in first spout (13), and upper end fixed connection sliding ring (132) of spring (131).
3. The ventilation regulating device of the vegetable cultivation greenhouse ventilation opening as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the wind vane (4) comprises a stainless steel pipe (41), an upper indicating marker post (42) and a lower indicating marker post (43), the stainless steel pipe (41) penetrates through the outer cover body (2), the inner cover body (3) and the mounting ring (1) respectively, and the upper end and the lower end of the stainless steel pipe (41) are connected with the upper indicating marker post (42) and the lower indicating marker post (43) respectively.
4. The ventilation regulating device of the vegetable cultivation greenhouse ventilation opening as claimed in claim 3, wherein: go up instruction sighting rod (42) and lower instruction sighting rod (43) parallel arrangement, and go up instruction sighting rod (42) and lower instruction sighting rod (43) and all include arrow head and arrow tail.
5. A method for adjusting a ventilation quantity adjusting device of a vegetable cultivation greenhouse according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterized by comprising the following steps:
s1: a vent is formed in the top of the greenhouse, the mounting ring (1) is fixed at the vent, the stainless steel pipe (41) is movably connected with the first fixing block (211) and the second fixing block (321) through bearings respectively, the lower end of the stainless steel pipe (41) is movably connected with the adjusting cylinder (33) through a bearing, and the lower end of the stainless steel pipe (41) extends into the greenhouse;
s2: the upper indicating mark rod (42) rotates along with the wind direction, an arrow points to the wind direction, when ventilation is needed, the handle (225) is pulled down, the first sliding ring (222) moves down to press the spring (131) to contract, the outer cover body (2), the inner cover body (3) and the wind mark (4) integrally move down, the limiting wave edge (12) is separated from the wave step (221), and at the moment, the outer cover body (2) is rotated to be consistent with the arrow tail direction;
s3: after the position of the outer cover body (2) is adjusted, the handle (225) is released, the spring (131) is reset, the cylindrical connecting cylinder (22) is pushed to move upwards, the limiting wavy edge (12) is clamped with the wavy ladder (221), and the position of the outer cover body (2) is fixed;
s4: the rotating handle (333) is separated from the arc-shaped clamping groove (224), the rotating handle (333) is pushed to rotate, the adjusting cylinder (33) is driven to rotate, the dislocation size of the second semicircular cover (32) and the first semicircular cover (21) is adjusted according to needs, the size of the air inlet is adjusted, and after the air inlet is adjusted to a needed position, the rotating handle (333) is clamped with the arc-shaped clamping groove (224), and the position of the inner cover body (3) is fixed;
s5: wind enters the connecting ring (31) from an opening between the second semicircular cover (32) and the first semicircular cover (21), and is guided by the guide blades (331), and the wind spirally moves downwards to ventilate in the greenhouse.
CN202010512958.4A 2020-06-08 2020-06-08 Ventilation volume adjusting device and method for ventilation opening of vegetable cultivation greenhouse Active CN111466242B (en)

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CN209877306U (en) * 2019-04-18 2019-12-31 山东朗洁空气净化科技有限公司 Adjustable air outlet structure of fresh air purification air conditioner

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