CN111463981A - Assembly system of motor - Google Patents

Assembly system of motor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111463981A
CN111463981A CN202010378363.4A CN202010378363A CN111463981A CN 111463981 A CN111463981 A CN 111463981A CN 202010378363 A CN202010378363 A CN 202010378363A CN 111463981 A CN111463981 A CN 111463981A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
assembly
rotor
stator
positioning
tooling
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Granted
Application number
CN202010378363.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111463981B (en
Inventor
袁利兵
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Bozhon Precision Industry Technology Co Ltd
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Bozhon Precision Industry Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202010378363.4A priority Critical patent/CN111463981B/en
Publication of CN111463981A publication Critical patent/CN111463981A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN111463981B publication Critical patent/CN111463981B/en
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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K15/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for manufacturing, assembling, maintaining or repairing of dynamo-electric machines
    • H02K15/16Centering rotors within the stator; Balancing rotors

Abstract

The invention discloses an assembly system of a motor, and belongs to the technical field of motor combination. The assembling system of the motor is used for assembling the stator assembly and the rotor assembly into the motor, and comprises a stator and rotor assembling mechanism, a locking mechanism and a turnover mechanism, wherein the stator and rotor assembling mechanism comprises a stator positioning mechanism, a rotor positioning mechanism and a pressing mechanism; the locking mechanism is used for locking and connecting the coaxially fixed stator assembly and the rotor assembly through a connecting piece; and the turnover mechanism is used for turning over the rotor assembly and the stator assembly which are locked and connected. The assembly system of the motor solves the technical problems of production safety and working efficiency.

Description

Assembly system of motor
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of motor combination, in particular to an assembly system of a motor.
Background
At present, in the manufacturing of a permanent magnet motor, a rotor needs to be assembled into a stator, but the following technical problems are easy to occur in the assembling process, and firstly, the concentric assembling precision of a stator and a rotor is difficult to ensure; secondly, the circumferential positioning precision of the stator and the rotor is low, so that the faults of damage, sweep and the like of the bearing are caused. In order to avoid the above problems, the concentric and circumferential positioning needs to be adjusted manually, but there are problems in production safety and work efficiency.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an assembly system of a motor, which solves the technical problems of production safety and working efficiency.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
an assembly system of a motor is used for combining a stator assembly and a rotor assembly into the motor, and comprises a stator and rotor combination mechanism, a locking mechanism and a turnover mechanism, wherein the stator and rotor combination mechanism comprises a stator positioning mechanism, a rotor positioning mechanism and a pressing mechanism; the locking mechanism is used for locking and connecting the coaxially fixed stator assembly and the rotor assembly through a connecting piece; and the turnover mechanism is used for turning over the rotor assembly and the stator assembly which are connected in a locking manner.
Optionally, the stator positioning mechanism includes a stator positioning module, the stator positioning module includes a first positioning seat, a first central positioning assembly and a first guiding assembly, the first positioning seat is provided with a first circumferential positioning pin, the first circumferential positioning pin can pass through a circumferential positioning hole on the stator assembly, the first central positioning assembly includes a plurality of first positioning blocks arranged on the first positioning seat at intervals, and a stator of the stator assembly can be stopped against end faces of the plurality of first positioning blocks; the first guide assembly is fixedly connected with the first positioning seat, and the first guide assembly can drive the first positioning seat to move along the X-axis direction.
Optionally, the stator positioning mechanism further comprises a stator tool, the stator tool is detachably connected with the stator assembly, a central positioning groove is formed in the first positioning seat, and the stator tool can be matched and connected with the central positioning groove.
Optionally, the rotor positioning mechanism includes a rotor positioning module, the rotor positioning module includes a second positioning seat, a second central positioning assembly, a second circumferential positioning pin, a lifting assembly, and a second guiding assembly, the second positioning seat is configured to support the rotor assembly, the second central positioning assembly includes a plurality of second positioning blocks disposed on the second positioning seat at intervals, and a rotor of the rotor assembly can be stopped against end faces of the plurality of second positioning blocks; the second circumferential positioning pin is arranged on the second positioning seat and can penetrate through a circumferential positioning hole in the rotor assembly to be fixed; the lifting assembly can drive the second positioning seat to move along the Z-axis direction; the second guide assembly is fixedly connected with the second positioning seat, and the second guide assembly can drive the second positioning seat to move along the X-axis direction.
Optionally, the rotor positioning mechanism further comprises a rotor tool, the rotor tool is detachably connected with the rotor assembly, and the rotor tool can be sleeved on the stator tool.
Optionally, pressing mechanism includes pressfitting board, pressure head, third direction subassembly, clamping components and unsteady round pin, the pressure head is established on the pressfitting board, the pressure head is used for the pressfitting the rotor subassembly with stator module, third direction subassembly can drive the pressfitting board removes and then drives along the Z axle direction the pressure head removes along the Z axle direction, clamping components is used for pressing from both sides tightly the rotor frock, unsteady round pin setting is in on the pressfitting board, unsteady round pin can pass in proper order the rotor subassembly with stator module.
Optionally, the turnover mechanism includes a support plate, a lifting device and a turnover table, the support plate can support the rotor assembly and the stator assembly which are connected in a locking manner, the lifting device can drive the support plate to move along the Z-axis direction, and the turnover table can drive the rotor assembly and the stator assembly which are connected in a locking manner to turn over.
Optionally, the assembly system of the motor further includes a backflow mechanism, and the backflow mechanism is configured to convey the rotor tool and the stator tool from an overturning position to a feeding position.
Optionally, the backward flow mechanism includes backward flow platform, cylinder and frock board, the cylinder is a plurality of, and is a plurality of the cylinder is rotatable parallel interval setting is in on the backward flow platform, the frock board is placed on the cylinder, stator frock with the rotor frock is placed on the frock board, thereby it is a plurality of the cylinder rotates and drives the frock board removes.
Optionally, the assembly system of the motor further comprises a base, and the stator and rotor combining mechanism and the turnover mechanism are both arranged on the base.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the assembly system of the motor comprises a stator positioning mechanism, a rotor positioning mechanism, a pressing mechanism, a locking mechanism and a turnover mechanism, wherein the stator positioning mechanism and the rotor positioning mechanism are used for coaxially positioning the stator assembly and the rotor assembly at first, the pressing mechanism is used for pressing and fixing the positioned stator assembly and the positioned rotor assembly, then the locking mechanism is used for connecting the stator assembly and the rotor assembly which are pressed and fixed through a connecting piece in a locking manner, and finally the turnover mechanism is used for turning over the rotor assembly and the stator assembly which are connected in a locking manner so as to take out. In conclusion, the assembly system of the motor realizes that the stator assembly and the rotor assembly are combined into the motor, the concentric assembly precision of the stator assembly and the rotor assembly and the circumferential positioning precision of the stator assembly and the rotor assembly are ensured, and therefore the production safety and the working efficiency are improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an assembly system of a motor according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of a stator positioning mechanism provided in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a stator positioning mechanism provided in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a rotor assembly and a rotor tool provided in an embodiment of the present invention in a state of being placed in a rotor positioning mechanism;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a pressing mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a turnover mechanism provided in the embodiment of the present invention.
Reference numerals:
stator assembly-100, rotor assembly-200;
the positioning device comprises a stator positioning mechanism-11, a first positioning seat-111, a first central positioning component-112, a first guide component-113, a first circumferential positioning pin-114, a first positioning block-115, a central positioning groove-116 and a stator tool-117;
a rotor positioning mechanism-12, a second positioning seat-121, a second central positioning component-122, a second circumferential positioning pin-123, a lifting component-124, a second guiding component-125, a second positioning block-126 and a rotor tool-127;
a pressing mechanism-13, a pressing plate-131, a third guide component-132, a clamping component-133, a floating pin-134 and a pressure head-135;
a locking mechanism-2;
a turnover mechanism-3, a support plate-31, a lifting device-32 and a turnover table-33;
a reflux mechanism-4, a reflux table-41, a roller-42 and a tooling plate-43;
a stand-5.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical problems solved, the technical solutions adopted and the technical effects achieved by the present invention clearer, the technical solutions of the present invention are further described below by way of specific embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings.
It is stated in advance that the stator assembly includes a stator and a stator end cover, and the rotor assembly includes a rotor and a rotor end cover.
As shown in fig. 1, the present embodiment provides an assembly system of a motor for combining a stator assembly 100 and a rotor assembly 200 into a motor. Specifically, the assembly system of motor attaches mechanism 2 and tilting mechanism 3 including deciding the rotor and attach the mechanism, decides the rotor and attaches the mechanism and include stator positioning mechanism 11, rotor positioning mechanism 12 and pressing mechanism 13, and stator positioning mechanism 11 is with stator module 100 central localization and circumference location, and rotor positioning mechanism 12 is with rotor module 200 central localization and circumference location, and pressing mechanism 13 can be with the stator module 100 and the coaxial fixed of rotor module 200 of central localization and circumference location. The locking mechanism 2 is used for locking and connecting the coaxially fixed stator assembly 100 and the rotor assembly 200 through a connecting piece. The turnover mechanism 3 is used for turning over the rotor assembly 200 and the stator assembly 100 which are locked and connected.
It will be appreciated that the stator assembly 100 is disposed on the stator positioning mechanism 11 and the rotor assembly 200 is disposed on the rotor positioning mechanism 12. The stator assembly 100 and the rotor assembly 200 are assembled as follows: firstly, the stator positioning mechanism 11 positions the stator assembly 100 in the center and in the circumferential direction, the rotor positioning mechanism 12 positions the rotor assembly 200 in the center and in the circumferential direction, and the pressing mechanism 13 fixes the stator assembly 100 and the rotor assembly 200 which are positioned in the center and in the circumferential direction coaxially; then, the locking mechanism 2 locks and connects the coaxially fixed stator assembly 100 and the rotor assembly 200 through a connecting piece; finally, the turnover mechanism 3 turns over the rotor assembly 200 and the stator assembly 100 locked together, so as to facilitate the removal of the motor. In conclusion, the assembly system of the motor realizes that the stator assembly 100 and the rotor assembly 200 are combined into the motor, the concentric assembly precision of the stator assembly 100 and the rotor assembly 200 and the circumferential positioning precision of the stator assembly 100 and the rotor assembly 200 are ensured, and further, the production safety and the working efficiency are improved.
Alternatively, as shown in fig. 2 and 3, the stator positioning mechanism 11 includes a stator positioning module, which includes a first positioning seat 111, a first centering assembly 112, and a first guiding assembly 113. The first positioning seat 111 is provided with a first circumferential positioning pin 114, and the first circumferential positioning pin 114 can pass through a circumferential positioning hole on the stator assembly 100. The first centering assembly 112 includes a plurality of first positioning blocks 115 spaced apart from each other on the first positioning base 111, and the stator of the stator assembly 100 can be stopped against end surfaces of the plurality of first positioning blocks 115. First direction subassembly 113 and first locating seat 111 fixed connection, first direction subassembly 113 can drive first locating seat 111 and remove along the X axle direction.
It can be understood that the stator of the stator assembly 100 abuts against the end surfaces of the first positioning blocks 115 arranged at intervals to perform initial centering and circumferential positioning, and the first circumferential positioning pin 114 passes through the circumferential positioning holes on the stator assembly 100 to perform circumferential repositioning, thereby further improving the circumferential positioning accuracy of the stator assembly 100. In addition, the first guiding assembly 113 can drive the first positioning seat 111 to move along the X axis, so as to drive the stator assembly 100 which is centrally positioned and circumferentially positioned to move along the X axis direction, thereby facilitating the coaxial positioning of the subsequent pressing mechanism 13 on the stator assembly 100 and the rotor assembly 200.
It should be added that the first guiding assembly 113 includes a first driving member, a first guiding rail and a first sliding block, the first sliding block is fixedly connected to the first positioning seat 111, the first sliding block is connected to the first guiding rail in a matching manner, and the first driving member is configured to drive the first sliding block to slide along the X-axis direction, so as to drive the first positioning seat 111 to move along the X-axis direction.
Optionally, as shown in fig. 6, the stator positioning mechanism 11 further includes a stator fixture 117, the stator fixture 117 is detachably connected to the stator assembly 100, a center positioning slot 116 is disposed on the first positioning seat 111, and the stator fixture 117 can be connected to the center positioning slot 116 in a matching manner.
Before the stator assembly 100 is placed on the stator positioning module, the stator tooling 117 is first installed and connected to the stator assembly 100, and the installed and connected stator tooling 117 and the stator assembly 100 are then placed on the stator positioning module. The stator tooling 117 is connected to the center positioning slot 116 of the first positioning seat 111 in a matching manner, and since the center positioning slot 116 is located at the center position of the first positioning seat 111, the center accuracy of the stator assembly 100 is further improved. In addition, the stator tooling 117 is convenient to cooperate with the rotor tooling 127 of the rotor positioning mechanism 12 when the subsequent pressing mechanism 13 is pressed so as to improve the coaxial precision. Finally, the stator tool 117 and the stator assembly 100 are detachably connected, so that the stator tool 117 can be conveniently mounted, dismounted and reused, and the raw material cost is saved.
Alternatively, as shown in fig. 4, the rotor positioning mechanism 12 includes a rotor positioning module, and the rotor positioning module includes a second positioning seat 121, a second centering assembly 122, a second circumferential positioning pin 123, a lifting assembly 124, and a second guiding assembly 125. The second positioning seat 121 is used for supporting the rotor assembly 200, the second center positioning assembly 122 includes a plurality of second positioning blocks 126 arranged on the second positioning seat 121 at intervals, and the rotor of the rotor assembly 200 can be stopped against the end faces of the plurality of second positioning blocks 126. A second circumferential locating pin 123 is provided on the second locating seat 121, the second circumferential locating pin 123 being capable of passing through a circumferentially located hole on the rotor assembly 200 for fixing. The lifting assembly 124 can drive the second positioning seat 121 to move along the Z-axis direction. The second guiding assembly 125 is fixedly connected to the second positioning seat 121, and the second guiding assembly 125 can drive the second positioning seat 121 to move along the X-axis direction.
It can be understood that the rotor of the rotor assembly 200 abuts against the end surfaces of the plurality of second positioning blocks 126 arranged at intervals for initial centering and circumferential positioning, and the second circumferential positioning pin 123 passes through the circumferential positioning hole on the rotor assembly 200 for circumferential repositioning, thereby further improving the circumferential positioning accuracy of the rotor assembly 200. In addition, the second guiding assembly 125 can drive the second positioning seat 121 to move along the X axis, so as to drive the rotor assembly 200, which is centrally positioned and circumferentially positioned, to move along the X axis direction, thereby facilitating the subsequent coaxial positioning of the stator assembly 100 and the rotor assembly 200 by the pressing mechanism 13. In addition, the lifting assembly 124 drives the second positioning seat 121 to move along the Z-axis direction, thereby driving the rotor assembly 200 to adjust the position of the Z-axis direction, and facilitating the coaxial positioning of the stator assembly 100 and the rotor assembly 200.
It should be noted that the lifting assembly 124 is a lifting cylinder, which reduces the cost and has a good lifting or lowering effect.
Optionally, as shown in fig. 4 and fig. 6, the rotor positioning mechanism 12 further includes a rotor fixture 127, the rotor fixture 127 is detachably connected to the rotor assembly 200, and the rotor fixture 127 can be sleeved on the stator fixture 117.
It should be noted that, before the rotor assembly 200 is placed on the rotor positioning module, the rotor tooling 127 and the rotor assembly 200 are installed and connected first, the rotor tooling 127 and the rotor assembly 200 after installation and connection are placed on the rotor positioning module again, the rotor tooling 127 and the stator tooling 117 are sleeved and connected, and coaxial positioning of the stator assembly 100 and the rotor assembly 200 is improved. In addition, rotor frock 127 and rotor subassembly 200 are detachable to be connected, are convenient for rotor frock 127's installation and dismantlement to recycle, have practiced thrift raw materials cost.
Advantageously, the rotor tooling 127 includes a first rotor tooling, a second rotor tooling and a third rotor tooling, the first rotor tooling is an annular structure, the first rotor tooling is connected to the second rotor tooling, the second rotor tooling is installed on the upper portion of the rotor assembly 200, and the third rotor tooling is arranged on the lower portion of the rotor assembly 200. The first rotor tool is convenient to detach, the second rotor tool is convenient to clamp the clamping assembly of the pressing mechanism 13, and the third rotor tool is used for being connected with the stator tool in a sleeved mode, so that the coaxial positioning of the stator assembly 100 and the rotor assembly 200 is facilitated, and the circumferential positioning precision is further improved.
Alternatively, as shown in fig. 5, the pressing mechanism 13 includes a pressing plate 131, a pressing head 135, a third guide member 132, a clamping member 133, and a floating pin 134. A pressing head 135 is provided on the pressing plate 131, and the pressing head 135 is used to press the rotor assembly 200 and the stator assembly 100. The third guiding assembly 132 can drive the pressing plate 131 to move along the Z-axis direction and further drive the pressing head 135 to move, the clamping assembly 133 is used for clamping the rotor tool 127 to be fixed, the floating pin 134 is arranged on the pressing plate 131, and the floating pin 134 can sequentially penetrate through the rotor assembly 200 and the stator assembly 100.
It can be understood that, after the stator positioning mechanism 11 moves the mounted stator assembly 100 and the stator tooling 117 to the stitching position along the X-axis direction, the rotor positioning mechanism 12 moves the mounted rotor assembly 200 and the mounted rotor tooling 127 to the stitching position along the Z-axis direction, the third guiding assembly 132 drives the pressing head 135 to move to the rotor positioning mechanism 12 along the X-axis downward direction, the clamping assembly 133 clamps the rotor tooling 127 for fixing, and after the third guiding assembly 132 drives the pressing head 135 to move a distance along the Z-axis upward direction again, the second guiding component 125 drives the rotor positioning mechanism 12 to return and move to the feeding position along the X-axis direction, and the third guiding component 132 continues to drive the pressing head 135 to move along the Z-axis downward direction until the rotor tooling 127 clamped by the clamping component 133 is sleeved with the stator tooling 117, so that the assembling of the stator assembly 100 and the rotor assembly 200 is realized.
It should be particularly noted that the floating pin 134 is disposed on the pressing plate 131, and when the third guiding assembly 132 drives the pressing plate 131 to move along the Z-axis direction, the floating pin 134 can be driven to move, so that the floating pin 134 can sequentially pass through the rotor assembly 200 and the stator assembly 100, thereby ensuring a more reliable positioning manner in the circumferential direction, and further improving the circumferential positioning accuracy of the stator assembly 100 and the rotor assembly 200.
It should be added that the clamping assembly 133 includes at least two clamping jaws and a fourth guiding assembly, and the fourth guiding assembly can drive the at least two clamping jaws to move toward or away from each other at the same time, so as to clamp or release the rotor tooling 127. In some embodiments of the invention, the number of the clamping jaws is two, the two clamping jaws can clamp or loosen the rotor tool, and the cost input is reduced.
Alternatively, as shown in fig. 6, the turnover mechanism 3 includes a support plate 31, a lifting device 32, and a turnover table 33, where the support plate 31 can support the rotor assembly 200 and the stator assembly 100 that are connected in a locking manner, the lifting device 32 can drive the support plate 31 to move along the Z-axis direction, and the turnover table 33 can drive the rotor assembly 200 and the stator assembly 100 that are connected in a locking manner to turn over.
It should be noted that in some embodiments of the present invention, the stator positioning mechanism 11 moves the rotor assembly 200 and the stator assembly 100 which are locked together to the reversed position, so that the support plate 31 supports the rotor assembly 200 and the stator assembly 100 which are locked together. Lifting device 32 drives and makes stator frock 117 break away from out from central positioning groove 116 after supporting plate 31 moves one section distance along Z axial upward direction to be convenient for stator positioning mechanism 11 returns to the material loading position along the X axle direction, also be convenient for simultaneously with rotor subassembly 200 and stator module 100 that the closure is connected through roll-over table 33 upset to the horizontal plane, so that the motor that follow-up can attach rotor subassembly 200 and stator module 100 together takes out, transports on the motor finished product manufacturing line. In addition, the stator tool 117 and the rotor tool 127 are conveniently detached from the stator assembly 100 and the rotor assembly 200 respectively, and are repeatedly recycled, so that the raw material cost is saved.
Supplementary note is that, lifting unit 32 includes cylinder and direction module, and the cylinder drives backup pad 31 and removes along the Z axle direction, and the direction module is for cylinder direction Z axle direction reciprocates.
Optionally, as shown in fig. 1, the assembly system of the motor further includes a reflow mechanism 4, and the reflow mechanism 4 is used for conveying the rotor tooling 127 and the stator tooling 117 from the turning position to the feeding position.
It should be noted that, the turnover mechanism 3 turns over the rotor assembly 200 detachably connected to the rotor tool 127 after being locked and connected and the stator assembly 100 detachably connected to the stator tool 117 after being locked and connected to the horizontal plane, so that an operator can detach the stator tool 117 and the rotor tool 127 and place the stator tool 117 and the rotor tool 127 in the backflow mechanism 4, and the backflow mechanism 4 drives the stator tool 117 and the rotor tool 127 to be transported to the vicinity of the feeding position, thereby facilitating the assembly and the repeated recycling of the motor at the next time.
Alternatively, as shown in fig. 1, the reflow mechanism 4 includes a reflow table 41, a plurality of rollers 42 and a tooling plate 43, the plurality of rollers 42 are disposed on the reflow table 41 at intervals, the tooling plate 43 is disposed on the rollers 42, the stator tooling 117 and the rotor tooling 127 are disposed on the tooling plate 43, and the plurality of rollers 42 can drive the tooling plate 43 to move.
It can be understood that the disassembled stator tooling 117 and rotor tooling 127 are placed on the tooling plate 43, and the plurality of rollers 42 drive the tooling plate 43 to move so as to drive the disassembled stator tooling 117 and rotor tooling 127 to move to the vicinity of the feeding position, thereby facilitating the next assembly of the motor. In addition, the reflow table 41 functions as a support.
Optionally, as shown in fig. 1, the assembly system of the motor further includes a base 5, and the stator-rotor combining mechanism and the turnover mechanism 3 are disposed on the base 5. It can be understood that, because the stator and rotor combining mechanism and the turnover mechanism 3 are arranged on the base 5, the stator and rotor combining mechanism and the turnover mechanism are convenient to integrally carry, and the integration effect is better.
Advantageously, the locking mechanism 2 includes a screw gun, and when the stator assembly 100 and the rotor assembly 200 that are pressed and fixed move to the loading position, the screw gun can launch a screw to lock the stator assembly 100 and the rotor assembly 200, and it can be known that the connecting member of the locking mechanism 2 is a screw, which has a good connecting effect and a low cost.
The assembly method of the assembly system of the motor of a preferred embodiment:
as shown in fig. 1 to 6, the stator fixture 117 is first installed and connected to the stator assembly 100, the stator of the stator assembly 100 is stopped against the end surfaces of the first positioning blocks 115 arranged at a plurality of intervals to perform initial center positioning and circumferential positioning, the first circumferential positioning pin 114 passes through the circumferential positioning hole of the stator assembly 100 to perform circumferential repositioning, and the stator fixture 117 is connected to the center positioning slot 116 of the first positioning seat 111 in a matching manner.
The rotor tooling 127 is installed and connected with the rotor assembly 200, the rotor of the rotor assembly 200 abuts against the end faces of the second positioning blocks 126 arranged at intervals to perform initial centering and circumferential positioning, and the second circumferential positioning pin 123 penetrates through the circumferential positioning hole in the rotor assembly 200 to perform circumferential repositioning.
The first guiding assembly 113 drives the mounted stator assembly 100 and the mounted stator tooling 117 to move to the stitching position along the X-axis direction, the second guiding assembly 125 drives the mounted rotor assembly 200 and the mounted rotor tooling 127 to move to the stitching position along the X-axis direction, the third guiding assembly 132 drives the pressing head 135 to move to the rotor positioning mechanism 12 along the Z-axis downward direction, the clamping assembly 133 clamps the rotor tooling 127 for fixing, the third guiding assembly 132 drives the pressing head 135 to move a distance along the Z-axis upward direction again, the second guiding component 125 drives the rotor positioning mechanism 12 to return and move to the feeding position along the X-axis direction, and the third guiding component 132 continues to drive the pressing head 135 to move along the Z-axis downward direction until the rotor tooling 127 clamped by the clamping component 133 and the stator tooling 117 are sleeved, connected and coaxially fixed, thereby realizing the combination of the stator assembly 100 and the rotor assembly 200.
Then, the locking mechanism 2 locks the coaxially fixed stator assembly 100 and rotor assembly 200 by a connector.
Finally, the stator positioning mechanism 11 moves the rotor assembly 200 and the stator assembly 100 which are connected in a locking manner to the turning position, so that the rotor assembly 200 and the stator assembly 100 which are connected in a locking manner are supported by the supporting plate 31, the lifting device 32 drives the supporting plate 31 to move for a certain distance along the Z-axis upward direction, so that the stator tooling 117 is separated from the central positioning groove 116, the stator positioning mechanism 11 returns to the feeding position along the X-axis direction, the turning mechanism 3 turns the rotor assembly 200 which is detachably connected with the rotor tooling 127 after being connected in a locking manner and the stator assembly 100 which is detachably connected with the stator tooling 117 after being connected in a locking manner to the horizontal plane, and the motor which is combined with the rotor.
Meanwhile, the disassembled rotor tool 127 and stator tool 117 are placed on the tool plate 43, and the plurality of rollers 42 drive the tool plate 43 to move so as to drive the rotor tool 127 and the stator tool 117 to move to the vicinity of the feeding mechanism, so that the next motor can be assembled conveniently.
The assembly system of the motor has the beneficial effects that: the assembly system of the motor realizes that the stator assembly 100 and the rotor assembly 200 are combined into the motor, the concentric assembly precision of the stator assembly 100 and the rotor assembly 200 and the circumferential positioning precision of the stator assembly 100 and the rotor assembly 200 are ensured, and further, the production safety and the working efficiency are improved.
In the description herein, references to the description of "some embodiments," "other embodiments," or the like, mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above do not necessarily refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples.
Further, it is to be understood that the terms "upper", "lower", "inner", "outer", "vertical", "horizontal", and the like, as used herein, refer to an orientation or positional relationship based on that shown in the drawings, which is for convenience in describing the present invention and simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, the terms "connected," "mounted," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly and can, for example, be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally formed; can be mechanically or electrically connected; either directly or indirectly through intervening media, either internally or in any other suitable relationship. Those skilled in the art can understand the above specific meanings included in the present invention according to specific situations.
Furthermore, features defined as "first" and "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of the features for distinguishing between descriptive features, non-sequential, non-trivial and non-trivial. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, the present invention should not be limited by the description of the present invention, which should be interpreted as a limitation.

Claims (10)

1. An assembly system for an electric machine for combining a stator assembly (100) and a rotor assembly (200) into an electric machine, the assembly system comprising:
the stator and rotor combining mechanism comprises a stator positioning mechanism (11), a rotor positioning mechanism (12) and a pressing mechanism (13), the stator positioning mechanism (11) is used for positioning the stator assembly (100) in the center and in the circumferential direction, the rotor positioning mechanism (12) is used for positioning the rotor assembly (200) in the center and in the circumferential direction, and the pressing mechanism (13) is used for coaxially fixing the stator assembly (100) and the rotor assembly (200) which are positioned in the center and in the circumferential direction;
the locking mechanism (2), the locking mechanism (2) is used for connecting the coaxially fixed stator assembly (100) and the rotor assembly (200) in a locking way through a connecting piece; and
the turnover mechanism (3), the turnover mechanism (3) is used for turning over the rotor assembly (200) and the stator assembly (100) which are connected in a locking mode.
2. An assembly system of an electric machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the stator positioning mechanism (11) comprises a stator positioning module comprising:
the first positioning seat (111) is provided with a first circumferential positioning pin (114), and the first circumferential positioning pin (114) can penetrate through a circumferential positioning hole in the stator assembly (100);
the first centering assembly (112) comprises a plurality of first positioning blocks (115) which are arranged on the first positioning seat (111) at intervals, and the stator of the stator assembly (100) can be stopped against the end faces of the first positioning blocks (115);
the first guide assembly (113), the first guide assembly (113) with first locating seat (111) fixed connection, first guide assembly (113) can drive first locating seat (111) move along the X axle direction.
3. The assembly system of the motor according to claim 2, wherein the stator positioning mechanism (11) further comprises a stator fixture (117), the stator fixture (117) is detachably connected to the stator assembly (100), a center positioning slot (116) is formed in the first positioning seat (111), and the stator fixture (117) can be connected to the center positioning slot (116) in a matching manner.
4. The assembly system of an electric machine according to claim 3, characterized in that the rotor positioning mechanism (12) comprises a rotor positioning module comprising:
a second positioning seat (121) for supporting the rotor assembly (200);
the second centering assembly (122) comprises a plurality of second positioning blocks (126) which are arranged on the second positioning seat (121) at intervals, and a rotor of the rotor assembly (200) can stop against the end faces of the plurality of second positioning blocks (126);
a second circumferential locating pin (123), the second circumferential locating pin (123) being disposed on the second locating seat (121), the second circumferential locating pin (123) being capable of passing through a circumferentially located aperture on the rotor assembly (200);
the lifting assembly (124), the lifting assembly (124) can drive the second positioning seat (121) to move along the Z-axis direction;
the second guide assembly (125) is fixedly connected with the second positioning seat (121), and the second guide assembly (125) can drive the second positioning seat (121) to move along the X-axis direction.
5. The assembly system of the motor according to claim 4, wherein the rotor positioning mechanism (12) further comprises a rotor fixture (127), the rotor fixture (127) is detachably connected with the rotor assembly (200), and the rotor fixture (127) can be sleeved on the stator fixture (117).
6. The assembly system of the motor according to claim 5, wherein the pressing mechanism (13) comprises a pressing plate (131), a pressing head (135), a third guide assembly (132), a clamping assembly (133) and a floating pin (134), the pressing head (135) is arranged on the pressing plate (131), the pressing head (135) is used for pressing the rotor assembly (200) and the stator assembly (100), the third guide assembly (132) can drive the pressing plate (131) to move along the Z-axis direction and further drive the pressing head (135) to move along the Z-axis direction, the clamping assembly (133) is used for clamping the rotor tooling (127), the floating pin (134) is arranged on the pressing plate (131), and the floating pin (134) can sequentially penetrate through the rotor assembly (200) and the stator assembly (100).
7. The assembly system of an electric motor according to claim 1, wherein the turnover mechanism (3) comprises a support plate (31), a lifting device (32) and a turnover table (33), the support plate (31) can support the rotor assembly (200) and the stator assembly (100) which are connected in a locking manner, the lifting device (32) can drive the support plate (31) to move along the Z-axis direction, and the turnover table (33) can drive the rotor assembly (200) and the stator assembly (100) which are connected in a locking manner to turn over.
8. The assembly system of an electric machine according to claim 5, further comprising a return mechanism (4), the return mechanism (4) being adapted to transport the rotor tooling (127) and the stator tooling (117) from a flipped position to a loading position.
9. The assembly system of the motor according to claim 8, wherein the reflow mechanism (4) comprises a reflow table (41), a plurality of rollers (42) and a tooling plate (43), the rollers (42) are provided in plurality, the rollers (42) are rotatably arranged on the reflow table (41) in parallel at intervals, the tooling plate (43) is placed on the rollers (42), the stator tooling (117) and the rotor tooling (127) are placed on the tooling plate (43), and the rollers (42) are rotated to drive the tooling plate (43) to move.
10. The assembly system of an electric machine according to claim 1, further comprising a base (5), wherein the stator-rotor assembling mechanism (1) and the turnover mechanism (3) are both disposed on the base (5).
CN202010378363.4A 2020-05-07 2020-05-07 Assembly system of motor Active CN111463981B (en)

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CN110336429A (en) * 2019-06-21 2019-10-15 博众精工科技股份有限公司 Rotor together equipment
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EP1870988A1 (en) * 2006-06-22 2007-12-26 ALSTOM Technology Ltd Method and device for balancing a rotor of an electrical machine
CN201279857Y (en) * 2008-10-21 2009-07-29 宁波康鑫机械有限公司 Die spotting machine workbench turnover mechanism
CN102394538A (en) * 2011-10-24 2012-03-28 上虞华盛电机有限公司 Electric motor stator assembly machine
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CN210451295U (en) * 2019-09-04 2020-05-05 厦门永精电机科技有限公司 Rotor soldering machine

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