CN111456227A - Assembly plate structure type building and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Assembly plate structure type building and construction method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111456227A
CN111456227A CN202010374765.7A CN202010374765A CN111456227A CN 111456227 A CN111456227 A CN 111456227A CN 202010374765 A CN202010374765 A CN 202010374765A CN 111456227 A CN111456227 A CN 111456227A
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China
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plate
building
autoclaved aerated
reinforcement
aerated concrete
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CN202010374765.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高连玉
蔡文章
高璐
王鑫
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Zhenghe New Material Dalian Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202010374765.7A priority Critical patent/CN111456227A/en
Publication of CN111456227A publication Critical patent/CN111456227A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/02Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements
    • E04B1/04Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements the elements consisting of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete, or other stone-like material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/02Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements
    • E04B1/04Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements the elements consisting of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete, or other stone-like material
    • E04B1/043Connections specially adapted therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/02Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements
    • E04B1/04Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements the elements consisting of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete, or other stone-like material
    • E04B1/06Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements the elements consisting of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete, or other stone-like material the elements being prestressed
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/04Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of concrete or other stone-like material; of asbestos cement; of cement and other mineral fibres
    • E04C2/049Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of concrete or other stone-like material; of asbestos cement; of cement and other mineral fibres completely or partially of insulating material, e.g. cellular concrete or foamed plaster
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/04Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of concrete or other stone-like material; of asbestos cement; of cement and other mineral fibres
    • E04C2/06Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of concrete or other stone-like material; of asbestos cement; of cement and other mineral fibres reinforced
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/44Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose
    • E04C2/46Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose specially adapted for making walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/44Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose
    • E04C2/50Self-supporting slabs specially adapted for making floors ceilings, or roofs, e.g. able to be loaded
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/44Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose
    • E04C2/52Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose with special adaptations for auxiliary purposes, e.g. serving for locating conduits

Abstract

The invention discloses an assembly plate structure type building and a construction method thereof, wherein the building comprises a brand-new assembly plate structure type integral house which is formed by taking autoclaved aerated concrete bearing type inner and outer wall plates as assembly wall bodies and matching with constructional columns, ring beams (the outer wall is a high-position ring beam), building (house) panels and the like and is not higher than six layers. The key point of the assembly plate structure type building is that the autoclaved aerated concrete plate which can only provide a retaining wall or a partition wall for a concrete structure and a steel structure is technically improved to form a novel assembly type structure part which can be used for multi-layer bearing and can realize energy conservation, light weight, crack resistance, fire resistance, earthquake resistance and recovery of the building, and the assembly plate structure type building is formed by field assembly and is a brand new building system of the assembly type building. Meanwhile, the traditional self-bearing plate which is only used as a building enclosure wall or partition wall is changed into a bearing member of an assembly type building, so that a new space is expanded for the popularization and application of the autoclaved aerated concrete plate.

Description

Assembly plate structure type building and construction method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of fabricated buildings, in particular to an autoclaved aerated concrete fabricated slab structure type building and a construction method thereof.
Background
At present, the construction of multi-storey houses in China is basically masonry structure houses, and because the breadth of China is wide, masonry materials used for building the houses are good in quality and not different in quality and are mixed with fishes and dragons, poor-quality materials are largely applied. In some areas, particularly villages, towns, villages and pastoral areas, normal design and construction are not available, the multi-layer masonry house is built manually, labor and time are wasted, and the built house does not meet the relevant standard requirements of China and has large potential safety hazards.
The autoclaved aerated concrete wallboard is basically applied to self-bearing peripheral retaining walls and building internal partition walls of various buildings, and a multi-layer building case for transversely assembling the boards to form a bearing wall building does not exist, so that the autoclaved aerated concrete wallboard is not beneficial to expanding the application field of the autoclaved aerated concrete boards.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims at the problems and researches and designs an assembly plate type building and a construction method thereof. The technical means adopted by the invention are as follows:
the utility model provides an assembly plate structure formula building, includes bearing type interior wall, bearing type outer wall, floor panel, roof boarding and constructional column and ring beam, bearing type interior wall and bearing type outer wall are the assembled wall body that the concatenation of autoclaved aerated concrete reinforcement bearing wallboard formed, evaporate the pressure aerated concrete reinforcement bearing wallboard including evaporate the pressure aerated concrete main part and set up the reinforcement in evaporating the pressure aerated concrete main part, the reinforcement includes two-layer reinforcing bar net piece, and every layer reinforcing bar net piece includes orthogonal welding's horizontal reinforcement and longitudinal reinforcement, the reinforcement still is including setting up in wallboard thickness direction and connecting the short-direction distribution muscle of two-layer reinforcing bar net piece.
Further, wallboard thickness direction's short-direction distribution muscle and inboard upper and lower two-layer reinforcing bar net piece welded fastening, horizontal reinforcing bar and the mutual quadrature welding of longitudinal reinforcement, the diameter of horizontal reinforcing bar and longitudinal reinforcement is not less than 5mm, the interval of longitudinal reinforcement is less than or equal to 300mm, the interval of short-direction distribution muscle is less than or equal to 600mm, the interval of short-direction distribution muscle is the same with the interval of horizontal reinforcing bar.
Further, the width of the autoclaved aerated concrete reinforcement load-bearing wall panel is 600mm, and each layer of reinforcing steel bar net piece comprises at least 4 longitudinal reinforcing steel bars.
Furthermore, the autoclaved aerated concrete reinforcement bearing wall boards are transversely spliced, the end parts of the autoclaved aerated concrete reinforcement bearing wall boards are vertically processed into an inward concave wiring groove used for embedding a wire pipe, the depth of the wiring groove is not more than 200mm, and the width of the wiring groove is not more than 200 mm.
Further, the autoclaved aerated concrete reinforcement bearing wall board is transversely spliced, a reinforcement placing groove with the length not more than 2000mm is formed in the upper side face of the end portion of the autoclaved aerated concrete reinforcement bearing wall board, a reinforcement which is in tie connection with the constructional column and is not more than 2000mm is placed in the reinforcement placing groove, and the reinforcement which is in tie connection with the constructional column extends out of the reinforcement placing groove and is anchored into the constructional column.
Furthermore, cast-in-place constructional columns which are connected with the wall in a pulling mode are arranged at junctions of the inner wall and the outer wall of the building, four corners of the staircase and junctions of the longitudinal wall and the transverse wall, the roof boards and the floor boards are of a precast concrete structure, a cast-in-place concrete structure or an autoclaved aerated concrete composite slab, the ring beams are of a precast concrete structure or a cast-in-place concrete structure, and the ring beams of the outer wall are all high-position ring beams.
The autoclaved aerated concrete composite slab comprises a bottom plate and a post-pouring concrete layer superposed with the bottom plate, wherein the bottom plate is an autoclaved aerated concrete reinforcement prefabricated bottom plate, the bottom plate comprises an autoclaved aerated concrete main body and reinforcement arranged in the autoclaved aerated concrete main body, a welding reinforcement mesh is arranged in the post-pouring concrete layer, a groove is preset on the plate side of the bottom plate, the groove of the adjacent bottom plate is spliced into a plate seam groove, plate seam construction reinforcement is arranged in the plate seam groove, the length of the bottom plate is smaller than or equal to 6000mm, the thickness of the bottom plate is smaller than or equal to 250mm, the width of the bottom plate is smaller than or equal to 600mm, the thickness of the post-pouring concrete layer is smaller than or equal to 150mm, the depth of the plate seam groove is not larger than 2/3 of the plate thickness, and the number of the reinforcement in a tension area of the bottom plate is larger than that of.
Furthermore, all prefabricated building parts of the building are provided with the number information identification.
Further, the number information identifier is a two-dimensional code identifier.
A construction method of an assembly plate structure type building comprises the following steps:
s1: a wall body splitting and numbering scheme is formulated according to a building design result;
s2: processing all prefabricated building parts, and numbering according to the scheme of the step S1;
s3: adhering serial number information marks to the prefabricated building parts, stacking the prefabricated building parts according to the wall number sequence, and stacking a pile of prefabricated building parts in a centralized manner on each wall;
s4: and (5) transporting the finished product obtained in the step (S3) to a construction site, identifying the identification of the number information and assembling.
Compared with the prior art, the assembly plate structure type building and the construction method thereof have the following advantages:
1. the autoclaved aerated concrete plate which can only provide a retaining wall (partition wall) for a concrete structure and a steel structure is technically improved to form a novel structural part of an assembly type building which can bear load and realize heat preservation, crack resistance, energy conservation, earthquake resistance and restoration; the double-layer reinforcing mesh and the short-direction tie distribution ribs among the reinforcing meshes are arranged in the load-bearing wall plate according to the design requirement; the arrangement of the reinforcing mesh enables the plate to generate self-stress in the production process, the self-stress forms effective restraint on aerated concrete so as to improve the crack resistance of the wallboard, and the arrangement of the short-direction tie distribution ribs in the thickness direction of the wallboard also improves the crack resistance of the plate, so that the in-plate reinforcing ribs can effectively increase the vertical bearing capacity of the wall body and improve the ductility of the wall body;
2. the construction drawings are subjected to wall body splitting and numbering, and parts are coded and listed by using a construction informatization technology, so that information and processing are integrated;
3. the construction is easy, raw materials are greatly saved, the workload is reduced, and the construction speed is improved;
4. the end parts of the wallboards are vertically processed with the concave wiring grooves for embedding the wiring pipes, and vertical channels for laying the wiring pipes are formed when the wallboards on two sides are assembled, so that the habit of removing and chiseling on the assembled wall surface is avoided, the construction is convenient, the wall quality is ensured, and the requirements of the assembly type building are met;
5. the self weight of the assembled plate type building is light, the earthquake action (about 1/2 of brick-concrete building in the same scheme) can be greatly reduced, the ductility of the wall body is increased by the reinforced wall plate, cast-in-place constructional columns which are in tension with the wall are arranged at the junctions of the inner wall and the outer wall of the building, four corners of a staircase, the junctions of a longitudinal wall and a transverse wall and parts needing to be locally reinforced, concrete ring beams are arranged on each layer (the outer wall is a high ring beam), reinforcing steel bars which are in tension with the constructional columns are arranged in the abutted seams of the wall plate, the arranged structure is safe and in place, and the earthquake-proof intensity can reach 9 degrees;
6. when the building is assembled and constructed, the autoclaved aerated concrete reinforcement load-bearing wall boards are adhered and spliced by using the special adhesive, and a small amount of concrete is poured in situ at the positions of constructional columns, ring beams and the like, so that the time can be saved by more than 1/2 compared with the traditional masonry structure construction mode, a large amount of masonry mortar can be saved compared with the traditional multilayer masonry structure building, the used construction equipment is simple, a large amount of manpower and labor time are saved in the assembly type construction, the building speed is high, and the cost performance of the building is greatly improved;
7. the method can greatly utilize solid wastes such as fly ash, desulfurized gypsum and the like, and accords with the industrial guidance of vigorously developing circular economy, saving energy, reducing emission, protecting environment, renovating wall materials and vigorously promoting assembly type buildings by the nation;
8. the development concept of building the new material assembled building is guided, the novel material → information processing → part processing → technical matching → field assembly → network sale is facilitated, and the development of the new material assembled building is promoted towards the scientific direction.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic representation of a building elevation of an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a building according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic plan view of a building according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4a and 4b are schematic views of the reinforcement structure of the autoclaved aerated concrete reinforced load-bearing wall panel according to the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic external structural view of an autoclaved aerated concrete reinforced load-bearing wall panel according to an embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic view of a wiring groove of an autoclaved aerated concrete reinforced load-bearing wall panel in a splicing state of two side wall panels according to an embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic view of a method for manufacturing a vertical threading pipe of a wiring groove of an autoclaved aerated concrete reinforced load-bearing wallboard (splicing two side wallboards) according to an embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 8 is a schematic view of a method for manufacturing a vertical threading pipe of a wiring groove of an autoclaved aerated concrete reinforced load-bearing wallboard (splicing a wallboard with a constructional column) according to an embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of a floor/roof panel according to an embodiment of the invention.
Figure 10 is a schematic view of an edge collar construction of an embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 11 is a schematic illustration of a mid-span collar construction of an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 12 is a schematic structural view of a floor/roof panel according to another embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 13 is a schematic structural view of an autoclaved aerated concrete reinforcement prefabricated base plate according to an embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 14 is a schematic view of arrangement of tie bars between an autoclaved aerated concrete reinforced load-bearing wall panel and a constructional column according to an embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 15 is a sectional view a-a of fig. 14.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1 to 15, an assembly plate structure type building comprises a load-bearing type inner wall 2, a load-bearing type outer wall 1, a floor panel 3, a roof panel 6, a constructional column 4 and a ring beam 5, wherein the load-bearing type inner wall 2 and the load-bearing type outer wall 1 are assembled wall bodies formed by splicing autoclaved aerated concrete reinforcement bearing wall panels, the autoclaved aerated concrete reinforcement bearing wall panels comprise an autoclaved aerated concrete main body 7 and reinforcement bars 8 arranged in the autoclaved aerated concrete main body 7, the reinforcement bars 8 comprise an upper layer of reinforcement mesh sheet and a lower layer of reinforcement mesh sheet 9, each layer of reinforcement mesh sheet 9 comprises a transverse reinforcement bar 10 and a longitudinal reinforcement bar 11 which are orthogonally welded, and the reinforcement bars 8 further comprise short-direction distribution ribs 12 which are arranged in the thickness direction of the wall panels and are connected with the two layers of reinforcement mesh sheet bars 9. The fabricated plate type building is a fabricated plate type integral house with no more than six layers, and the embodiment changes the traditional self-bearing plate which can only be used as a building partition wall into the bearing member of the fabricated building. The autoclaved aerated concrete reinforcement bearing wall board is transversely assembled, and a bearing outer wall and a bearing inner wall are formed by a special binder. Cast-in-place constructional columns 4 which are tied with the wall are arranged at the junctions of the inner wall and the outer wall of the building, the four corners of the stairway, the junctions of the longitudinal wall and the transverse wall and the parts needing to be locally reinforced.
Concrete ring beams 5 are arranged at the high position of each bearing wall body layer (the ring beams of the outer wall are all high-position ring beams), a floor panel 3 or a roof panel 6 is arranged on each layer of ring beams 5, the floor panel 3 and the roof panel 6 are of a prefabricated concrete structure, a cast-in-place concrete structure or an autoclaved aerated concrete composite slab, and concrete layers (for the floor panel and the roof panel of the autoclaved aerated concrete composite slab, the concrete layers are post-cast concrete layers serving as a composite layer) are organically linked with the ring beams 5, the constructional columns 4 and the beams 13 to form an assembled integral structure. The beam 13 may be a prefabricated reinforced concrete composite beam. In the embodiment, the floor slab 3 and the roof slab 6 are laminated slabs and include a bottom slab 18 and a post-cast concrete laminated layer 19, the bottom slab is an autoclaved aerated concrete reinforcement prefabricated bottom slab, the side surface of the bottom slab is provided with grooves and tongues, the grooves and tongues of adjacent bottom slabs are spliced into slab slot 20, after the bottom slab is laid, the concrete laminated layer is cast in situ, and a cast concrete layer is manufactured according to a manufacturing method of a concrete cast-in-situ slab to form the laminated slab, as shown in fig. 9 to 11. In a preferred embodiment, the roof panels 6 and the floor panels 3 are autoclaved aerated concrete composite slabs, which comprise a bottom plate 18 and a post-cast concrete layer 19 laminated with the bottom plate 18, the bottom plate 18 is an autoclaved aerated concrete reinforcement prefabricated bottom plate, the bottom plate 18 comprises an autoclaved aerated concrete main body and reinforcement arranged in the autoclaved aerated concrete main body, a welded steel bar net piece 23 is arranged in the post-cast concrete layer 19, the board side of the bottom board 18 is preset with a tongue-and-groove 25, the tongue-and-groove 25 of the adjacent bottom boards are spliced into a board slot 20, the plate seam groove 20 is internally provided with plate seam structure steel bars 24, the length of the bottom plate 18 is less than or equal to 6000mm, the thickness is less than or equal to 250mm, the width is less than or equal to 600mm, the thickness of the post-cast concrete layer 19 is less than or equal to 150mm, and the depth of the plate slot 20 is not more than 2/3 of the plate thickness, as shown in fig. 12 and 13. The number of bars in the tension zone of the base plate 18 is greater than the number of bars in the compression zone. For the bottom plate 18 of the present embodiment, the tension zone refers to the bottom area of the bottom plate 18, i.e. the area on the side far from the rear casting concrete layer 19, and the compression zone refers to the area on the side near the rear casting concrete layer 19. The composite slab has the advantages that the self weight of the slab can be reduced by using the autoclaved aerated concrete reinforcement plate as the bottom plate of the composite slab, the self-stress generated in the production process of the asymmetrically configured steel bars in the slab can enable the slab to form certain reverse arch, thereby greatly improving the anti-cracking capability of the slab, reducing the bottom supporting of the slab during construction, saving a large amount of supporting materials, having excellent thermal performance, large thermal resistance and excellent heat preservation performance, preventing the indoor heat from being transferred to vertically adjacent rooms, realizing the integrity of the slab of a building (roof) by using the laid steel bar mesh and the post-poured concrete, meeting the structural design requirements of bearing capacity and rigidity of the slab, being beneficial to the anti-seismic performance of the building, being capable of passing through an equipment line pipe in the composite slab without reducing the clearance of the floor, and belongs to the assembly type building technology, the assembly rate can be taken into account.
As shown in fig. 4a and 4b, the transverse steel bars 10 and the longitudinal steel bars 11 are orthogonally welded to form steel mesh sheets 9, and the short-direction distribution bars 12 are welded and fixed with the upper and lower steel mesh sheets 9 in the plate. The diameter of horizontal reinforcing bar 10 and longitudinal reinforcement 11 is not less than 5mm, the interval of longitudinal reinforcement is less than or equal to 300mm, the interval of short distribution muscle is less than or equal to 600 mm. For a wallboard with a width of 600mm each layer of rebar mesh 9 comprises at least 4 longitudinal rebars 11, and for a wallboard with a width of 300mm each layer of rebar mesh 9 comprises at least 2 longitudinal rebars 11.
The autoclaved aerated concrete reinforced bearing wall panel is transversely spliced, an inner concave wiring groove 14 used for embedding a line pipe is vertically processed at the end part of the autoclaved aerated concrete reinforced bearing wall panel, as shown in fig. 5, the depth of the wiring groove 14 is not more than 200mm, and the width of the wiring groove is not more than 200mm, so that the habit of removing and chiseling on the spliced wall surface is avoided, the construction is convenient, the wall quality is ensured, and the requirements of an assembly type building are met.
As shown in fig. 5, 14 and 15, a rib placing groove 16 with the length not more than 2000mm is reserved on the upper side surface of the end part of the autoclaved aerated concrete reinforced load-bearing wall plate and is used for placing a reinforcing steel bar 17 which is tied with the constructional column. The rib placing grooves 16 are specially processed by the part processing part according to the design drawing, and the positions and the number of the rib placing grooves accord with the design regulation. Cast-in-place constructional columns 4 which are connected with the wall in a pulling mode are arranged at the junctions of the inner wall and the outer wall of the building, the four corners of the stairway, the junctions of the longitudinal wall and the transverse wall and the parts needing to be locally reinforced. The stairs 21 may be prefabricated reinforced concrete stairs. The steel bars tied with the constructional columns are arranged in the steel bar placing grooves 16 and extend out of and are anchored into the constructional columns 4, the seismic capacity of the wall body is improved, the wall boards are bonded by special bonding agents, and the bearing plate wall body is assembled. The special adhesive is formed by mechanically mixing cement, sand, an additive, a blending material, water and the like according to a certain proportion, the tensile strength of the special adhesive and a base material is not lower than 0.4MPa, and a constructional column is cast after a wall body is horizontally assembled.
And a floor panel or a roof panel is laid on each layer of ring beam 5, and the ring beam 5 of the outer wall is a high-position ring beam. All prefabricated building parts of building are equipped with the number information sign on, the number information sign is preferably two-dimensional code sign. The ring beam 5 and the constructional column 4 are concrete members, and under the condition that the ring beam 5, the floor panel 3 and the roof panel 6 are precast concrete members, the autoclaved aerated concrete reinforcement bearing wall panel, the floor panel 3, the roof panel 6 and the ring beam 5 are all provided with numbering information, which can be in a form of two-dimensional code identification. And if the floor panels 3 and the roof panels 6 are the autoclaved aerated concrete composite slabs, setting the number information on the bottom plates of the autoclaved aerated concrete composite slabs. Pasting a two-dimensional code mark on the processed finished product, and stacking according to the wall number sequence to realize that: the method is characterized in that the method only needs to be assembled according to the coding sequence during one-wall-one-picture, one-picture-one-detail, one-plate-one-code, one-wall-one-package and construction. The encoding form is shown in the following encoding table example:
TABLE 1 encoding Table example
The construction method of the assembly plate structure type building according to the embodiment includes the following steps:
s1: a wall body splitting and numbering scheme is formulated according to a building design result;
s2: processing all prefabricated building parts, and numbering according to the scheme of the step S1;
s3: adhering serial number information marks to the prefabricated building parts, stacking the prefabricated building parts according to the wall number sequence, and stacking a pile of prefabricated building parts in a centralized manner on each wall;
s4: and (5) transporting the finished product obtained in the step (S3) to a construction site, identifying the identification of the number information and assembling.
The main construction process of the main structure of the building comprises the steps of constructing a foundation (same as a conventional brick-concrete structure), binding a reinforcing steel bar of a constructional column, binding a top surface of a foundation ring beam, cleaning, installing an autoclaved aerated concrete reinforced bearing wallboard, arranging a reinforcing steel bar 17 connected with the constructional column, erecting a constructional column template, pouring constructional column concrete, binding a ring beam reinforcing steel bar, erecting a ring beam side template (or a prefabricated ring beam), paving a bottom plate of the laminated slab, binding a reinforcing mesh of a rear pouring concrete layer of the laminated slab, arranging a pulling bar between the ring beam and the laminated layer reinforcing steel bar, arranging a slab seam structural reinforcing steel bar of a floor (floor) slab, pouring a ring beam and a pouring concrete layer of the laminated slab, forming a main structure of the primary floor, arranging a floor slab, other working procedures are the primary floor, pasting a special construction technology of the autoclaved concrete reinforced bearing wallboard, a floor slab and a roof slab, and a special construction line, arranging a special construction code, arranging a special construction, arranging a special construction, a special construction and a special construction, a special construction and a special construction, a special construction system, a special assembly, a special construction system, a special assembly.
The utility model provides a suitable house number of piles is not higher than six layers in view of this embodiment, vertical load is not big, traditional block wall's bearing capacity has more than enough, and the reinforcing bar of the wallboard of assembled plate structure formula building configuration has improved the vertical bearing capacity of wall body again, event vertical enough safety of bearing, this embodiment has emphatically verified wall body safety (ductility) under the earthquake action, through the contrast test to the resilience characteristic (low week reciprocating load) of traditional brickwork bearing wall and assembled plate structure formula wall body promptly, verify the effect of this patent to improving wall body ductility through its fracture load, the fracture displacement, the damage load, the damage displacement.
The traditional wall body has no obvious sign of cracking, the horizontal bearing capacity enters a limit state quickly after cracking and is reduced quickly, obvious brittle failure characteristics are shown, and the crack is wide and sparse and is brittle failure; the horizontal bearing capacity of the wall body spliced by the embodiment is slowly reduced after the horizontal bearing capacity reaches the limit load, the reinforcing bars in the plate enter a working state, most of shearing force is shared, the stress distribution of the wall body is more uniform, and the phenomenon that a plurality of fine inclined cracks are generated near the main cracks is shown. Table 1 shows the results of the wall restoring force characteristic test.
Table 2 wall restoring force characteristic test results
As can be seen from the table: compared with the traditional wall and the assembled plate-structure-type wall body, the variable is whether the reinforcing bars are arranged in the plate wall or not. Compared with the cracking load of a non-rib test piece in the plate, the cracking load of the in-plate rib test piece is increased by 38.5%, the limit load is increased by 33.9%, and the anti-seismic bearing capacity of the assembled plate structure wall body with the in-plate ribs is obviously improved, so that the stress distribution of the wall body is more uniform, and the energy consumption capacity is higher.
The strength grade of the precast concrete member is C30, and the strength grade of the cast-in-place partial concrete is C25. In view of the limitation of strength grade of autoclaved aerated concrete, the building height of the embodiment is not higher than six layers of buildings, so that the buildings have enough safety, and the novel assembled plate structure integrated house which is built in an anti-seismic fortification area not higher than 9 degrees and is not higher than six layers is formed by taking autoclaved aerated concrete bearing wall plates (comprising outer wall plates and inner wall plates) which are designed and processed through special reinforcing bars as assembled wall bodies and matching concrete constructional columns, ring beams (the outer wall is a high ring beam), building (house) panels and the like. The large-size plates are assembled on site, a large amount of masonry mortar is saved, the labor intensity is reduced, the construction speed is improved, and the quality of all parts is reliably guaranteed because all parts are processed and manufactured according to the standard in the part processing part, so that the large-size plates are very suitable for being popularized and constructed in wide towns, villages and pastoral areas. The building, structural design and construction of the building system is different from masonry structures and concrete structures. The method is characterized in that the characteristics of light dead weight, excellent thermal performance, good crack resistance, strong durability, convenient construction and the like of the autoclaved aerated concrete plate are fully exerted, and the autoclaved aerated concrete plate is used as a vertical stress member to construct a building with less height-to-width ratio, more uniform rigidity distribution along the height, and less than six layers of walls mainly subjected to shear deformation under the action of horizontal load (the contribution rate of a first vibration mode reaches more than 80%), so that the building meets the category of determining the horizontal action of earthquake by using a bottom shear method specified in national standard building earthquake resistance design Specification GB 50011, thereby simplifying calculation, facilitating design and establishing brand new and complete assembly plate structure type building design principles and regulations different from traditional masonry structures and concrete structures. The development concept of building the new material assembled building is guided, the novel material → information processing → part processing → technical matching → field assembly → network sale is facilitated, and the development of the new material assembled building is promoted towards the scientific direction.
The above-mentioned embodiments are merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, and do not limit the scope of the present invention, and various modifications and improvements of the technical solution of the present invention by those skilled in the art should fall within the protection scope defined by the claims of the present invention without departing from the spirit of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an assembly plate structure formula building which characterized in that: the prefabricated wall body is formed by splicing an autoclaved aerated concrete reinforced bearing wall board, the autoclaved aerated concrete reinforced bearing wall board comprises an autoclaved aerated concrete main body and reinforcing bars arranged in the autoclaved aerated concrete main body, the reinforcing bars comprise two layers of reinforcing bar net sheets, each layer of reinforcing bar net sheet comprises transverse reinforcing bars and longitudinal reinforcing bars which are welded in an orthogonal mode, and the reinforcing bars further comprise short-direction distribution ribs which are arranged in the thickness direction of the wall board and connected with the two layers of reinforcing bar net sheets.
2. The assembly panel structure of claim 1, wherein: wallboard thickness direction's short distribution muscle and inboard upper and lower two-layer reinforcing bar net piece welded fastening, horizontal reinforcing bar and the mutual quadrature welding of longitudinal reinforcement, the diameter of horizontal reinforcing bar and longitudinal reinforcement is not less than 5mm, the interval of longitudinal reinforcement is less than or equal to 300mm, the interval of short distribution muscle is less than or equal to 600mm, the interval of short distribution muscle is the same with the interval of horizontal reinforcing bar.
3. The assembly panel structure of claim 2, wherein: the width of the autoclaved aerated concrete reinforcement load-bearing wall plate is 600mm, and each layer of reinforcing steel bar net piece comprises at least 4 longitudinal reinforcing steel bars.
4. The assembly panel structure of claim 3, wherein: the autoclaved aerated concrete reinforcement bearing wall board is transversely spliced, an inward concave wiring groove used for embedding a line pipe is vertically processed at the end part of the autoclaved aerated concrete reinforcement bearing wall board, the depth of the wiring groove is not more than 200mm, and the width of the wiring groove is not more than 200 mm.
5. The assembly panel structure according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein: the autoclaved aerated concrete reinforcement bearing wall board is transversely spliced, a reinforcement placing groove with the length not more than 2000mm is formed in the upper side face of the end part of the autoclaved aerated concrete reinforcement bearing wall board, a reinforcement which is not more than 2000mm and is tied with the constructional column is placed in the reinforcement placing groove, and the reinforcement which is tied with the constructional column extends out of the reinforcement placing groove and is anchored into the constructional column.
6. The assembly panel structure of claim 5, wherein: cast-in-place constructional columns which are connected with the wall in a pulling mode are arranged at junctions of the inner wall and the outer wall of the building, four corners of the staircase and junctions of the longitudinal wall and the transverse wall, the roof panel and the floor panel are of a precast concrete structure, a cast-in-place concrete structure or an autoclaved aerated concrete laminated slab, the ring beams are of a precast concrete structure or a cast-in-place concrete structure, and the ring beams of the outer wall are all high-position ring beams.
7. The assembly panel structure of claim 6, wherein: the autoclaved aerated concrete composite slab comprises a bottom plate and a post-pouring concrete layer superposed with the bottom plate, wherein the bottom plate is an autoclaved aerated concrete reinforcement prefabricated bottom plate, the bottom plate comprises an autoclaved aerated concrete main body and reinforcement arranged in the autoclaved aerated concrete main body, a welding steel bar net piece is arranged in the post-pouring concrete layer, the side surface of the bottom plate is provided with a tongue-and-groove in advance, the tongue-and-groove of adjacent bottom plates are spliced into a plate seam groove, plate seam structural steel bars are arranged in the plate seam groove, the length of the bottom plate is smaller than or equal to 6000mm, the thickness of the bottom plate is smaller than or equal to 250mm, the width of the bottom plate is smaller than or equal to 600mm, the thickness of the post-pouring concrete layer is smaller than or equal to 150mm, the depth of the plate seam groove is not larger than 2/3 of the plate thickness, and the number.
8. The assembly panel construction of claim 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 or 7, wherein: all prefabricated building parts of the building are provided with serial number information marks.
9. The assembly panel structure of claim 8, wherein: the number information identification is a two-dimensional code identification.
10. A construction method of the assembly panel structure type building according to claim 8 or 9, characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps:
s1: a wall body splitting and numbering scheme is formulated according to a building design result;
s2: processing all prefabricated building parts, and numbering according to the scheme of the step S1;
s3: adhering serial number information marks to the prefabricated building parts, stacking the prefabricated building parts according to the wall number sequence, and stacking a pile of prefabricated building parts in a centralized manner on each wall;
s4: and (5) transporting the finished product obtained in the step (S3) to a construction site, identifying the identification of the number information and assembling.
CN202010374765.7A 2020-05-06 2020-05-06 Assembly plate structure type building and construction method thereof Pending CN111456227A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112282097A (en) * 2020-11-27 2021-01-29 福建江夏学院 Assembled building anti-seismic structure with good stability

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112282097A (en) * 2020-11-27 2021-01-29 福建江夏学院 Assembled building anti-seismic structure with good stability

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