CN111454042A - Dai pottery handicraft clay formula and manufacturing process thereof - Google Patents

Dai pottery handicraft clay formula and manufacturing process thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111454042A
CN111454042A CN202010279471.6A CN202010279471A CN111454042A CN 111454042 A CN111454042 A CN 111454042A CN 202010279471 A CN202010279471 A CN 202010279471A CN 111454042 A CN111454042 A CN 111454042A
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pottery
dai
mud
parts
raw material
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张玉
张国荣
汤丽菊
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Ruili Diantu Cultural Creative Design Co ltd
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Ruili Diantu Cultural Creative Design Co ltd
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    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/04Clay; Kaolin
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/42Drive mechanisms, regulating or controlling devices, or balancing devices, specially adapted for screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
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    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/622Forming processes; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B2201/00Details applicable to machines for screening using sieves or gratings
    • B07B2201/04Multiple deck screening devices comprising one or more superimposed screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B2230/00Specific aspects relating to the whole B07B subclass
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    • C04B2235/32Metal oxides, mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
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Abstract

The invention provides a Dai pottery handicraft clay formula and a manufacturing process thereof, which can shorten the processing time and simplify the manufacturing flow by improving some methods on the premise of keeping the artistic value of the Dai pottery. The ceramic clay formula comprises the following components: raw mud, sodium humate, xianhui and raw water; raw sludge ingredients include, but are not limited to, the following: SiO 22、Al2O3、Fe2O3、K2O、TiO2、FeO、Na2O; the Dai pottery handicraft manufacturing process comprises the following steps: raw mud pretreatment, raw water pretreatment, mud preparation, mud filtration, mud cake pressing, mud cake weighing, film pressing, demolding, shade drying, firing and surface processing. On the premise of keeping the artistic value of the Dai pottery product, the invention saves the production cost and improves the production efficiency by comprehensively improving the formula, the process flow and the equipment for producing the Dai pottery artware, provides a complete and systematic production flow for the modern production of the Dai pottery and plays a certain positive role in the propagation and development of Dai pottery culture.

Description

Dai pottery handicraft clay formula and manufacturing process thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of ceramic artwork manufacturing, and particularly relates to a Dai ceramic artwork clay formula and a manufacturing process thereof.
Background
The development history of the ceramic is an important component of the Chinese civilization history, China, as one of four civilization ancient countries, makes outstanding contributions to the progress and development of human society, wherein the invention and the development of the ceramic have unique meanings, and the China has different artistic styles and different technical characteristics in different generations in history. In China, the generation of ceramic manufacturing skills dates back to the era from 4500 to 2500 years ago, the scientific and technical achievements of Chinese workers and the pursuit and shaping of the beauty are reflected in many aspects by ceramic manufacturing, and very typical technical and artistic characteristics of each era are formed.
The Dai pottery is generally called Dai pottery for short, and Yunnan pottery has about 4000 years of history, but has been used as a Dai which is very hard in minority people for more than 3000 years of mastering pottery manufacturing technology. The people of the Dai nationality who have the southern religion of the seat of belief of the whole civilians create extremely rich religious artistic forms, which are fully reflected on the pottery made by the Dai nationality. Dai nationality pottery is also widely applied to the roof and ridge of the temple, reflecting people's worship about nature and nature spirit. Such as a small tower in the center of the positive ridge of the temple, a peacock, a dragon, a phoenix, a lion, a elephant, etc. on the ridge, flame-shaped tiles continuously arranged on the ridge, a 'shape of a animal' placed on the dragon head and the phoenix body of the temple, etc. The tile hanging shape of the roof is generally obtained by processing rhizomes, flowers and plants, trees and the like of plants commonly seen in Dai nationality regions, commonly seen in shapes of vegetable buds, rambutan flowers, Japanese banana flowers and the like, and glazing to prevent blackening after being exposed to the sun and rain. The Buddhist worship is decorated by pottery Buddhist animals such as peacocks, dragon, phoenix, lion, elephant, etc. because peacocks are inhabited on both sides of the stream in the Dai nationality, the feeling of warmness and softness and the feeling of luckiness and happiness are brought to people. The dragon and the phoenix are influenced by the Chinese culture, which represents good luck and happiness.
The traditional Dai pottery manufacturing process needs pure manual firewood pottery burning, and 10 processes of digging, pugging, fermenting, kneading, pulling blank, making pottery, trimming blank, carving, drying, kiln loading, firing and the like can be carried out 5 days and 5 nights, fire can not be cut off after the process needs to be watched at night in turn in the 5 days, all processes do not need machines, and the process is accumulated completely by the experience of a kiln worker. The temperature in the kiln reaches more than 1000 to 1400 degrees. The glaze before firing is one color, and after the ceramic is taken out of the kiln, the ceramic is changed into different color systems, the ceramic with the kiln change is unique, the glaze on the ceramic is natural ash falling glaze, is glittering and translucent, is not colored or glazed, and has no harm to human bodies.
The Dai nationality has a set of complete production and living modes, and has the interweaving of original religions and Buddhism beliefs, which are the origin of Dai ceramics, the spirit of the Dai nationality and the essence of the Dai ceramics. The culture, art and inheritance of the Dai generation are closely related to the Dai pottery. Along with the development of society, Dai nationality people increasingly look at the protection of traditional culture, Dai pottery artware is an excellent carrier for culture transmission and inheritance due to exquisite process and historical precipitation of Dai pottery artware, but the steps of batch high-efficiency production of Dai pottery are hindered due to the long-term traditional handmade process of Dai pottery and the extremely regionally characteristic making raw materials, so that the Dai pottery is in marginal pottery art culture for a long time and is difficult to enter the public society; therefore, the new and improved manufacturing process is sought, the production efficiency of the Dai pottery products is improved, and the Dai pottery products are a necessary way for the future propagation and development of Dai pottery culture.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects of the prior art, and provides a Dai pottery handicraft clay formula and a manufacturing process thereof.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the technical scheme that:
the Dai pottery handicraft clay comprises the following components: raw mud, sodium humate, xianhui and raw water.
Further, the ceramic clay comprises the following components in parts by weight: 40 parts of raw material mud, 6-18 parts of sodium humate, 0.3-2.4 parts of xian shui and 20 parts of raw material water.
Further, the raw sludge components include, but are not limited to, SiO2、Al2O3、Fe2O3、K2O、TiO2、FeO、Na2O。
Further, the raw mud comprises the following components in parts by weight: SiO 2250-80 parts of Al2O312-23 parts of Fe2O32-18 parts, K21-3 parts of O and TiO20.9-1.8 parts of FeO 0.1-0.6 parts of Na20.1-0.3 part of O.
Further, the raw mud comprises the following components in parts by weight: SiO 2270 parts of Al2O315 parts of Fe2O312 parts of, K2O2 parts, TiO21.5 parts of FeO 0.3 and Na20.2 part of O.
Further, the raw material mud is building water pottery mud; the raw material water is the water of the Lilijiang river in the Delhong state.
Further, a vibrating screen device for the pottery mud of the Dai pottery handicraft comprises a screening chamber and a vibrating screen body; a fixed platform is arranged in the screening chamber; a support column is arranged below the fixed platform; the vibrating screen body is arranged above the fixed platform; a vibrating motor is arranged at the bottom of the vibrating screen body; the two vibration motors are symmetrically arranged at two sides of the discharge hole; the bottom edge of the moving sieve body is connected with the fixed platform through a plurality of springs; a plurality of layers of screen meshes are movably arranged in the vibrating screen body from top to bottom in sequence; the side wall of each layer of screen mesh is provided with an intermediate material outlet; a discharge hole is formed in the center of the bottom of the vibrating screen body; the bottom of the discharge hole is connected with a discharge screw; the tail end of the discharge screw is arranged outside the screening chamber; a sealing cover is arranged at the top of the vibrating screen body; a feed inlet is arranged in the center of the sealing cover; a feeding channel is arranged in the feeding port in a penetrating way; the tail end of the feeding channel is arranged outside the screening chamber; the top of the feed channel is provided with a feed screw.
Further, a discharging channel is arranged between the discharging hole and the discharging screw; the discharging channel comprises a first discharging section and a second discharging section; one end of the first discharging section is connected with the discharging port, and the other end of the first discharging section is connected with the second discharging section; the first discharging section is made of flexible materials; the second discharging section is fixedly arranged on the fixed platform in a penetrating manner, and the bottom of the second discharging section is spirally connected with the discharging part; a waste liquid discharging pipe is communicated with the second discharging section; the tail end of the waste liquid discharge pipe is connected with a waste liquid recovery box; an air inlet pipeline is connected to the second discharging section; the tail end of the air inlet pipeline is connected with an electric heating blower; a high-pressure spray head is arranged on the inner wall of the sealing cover; the high-pressure nozzle is connected with the water inlet pipe; a spring buffer ring is arranged at the inner edge of the feed inlet; the tail end of the feeding channel is arranged in the sealing cover through a spring buffer ring; the end of the feed channel is arranged in a trumpet shape.
Further, the Dai pottery handicraft manufacturing process comprises the following steps:
1) pretreatment of raw mud materials: drying the raw mud material until the water content is lower than 5%, adding the dried raw mud material into a ball mill for grinding, sieving the ground raw mud material in a wet-dry mud material layering vibrating screen, and discharging the raw mud material from a discharging spiral (10) to obtain powder with the granularity of 500 meshes or less for later use; returning the particles with the particle size larger than 500 meshes to the ball mill for continuous grinding until the required particle size is achieved; before the dry-wet dual-purpose pug layered vibrating screen is used, an electric heating blower is started to dry water vapor in the equipment;
2) pretreatment of raw material water: taking raw material water, adding a proper amount of precipitator, decolorant and bactericide, standing for 10h, then filtering, boiling, cooling, filtering for the second time, and standing to obtain raw material water for later use;
3) preparing slurry: firstly, mixing and stirring raw material mud and half of raw material water to obtain mud A, then dissolving sodium humate into the other half of raw material water, and adding the obtained solution into the mud A for a plurality of times in a small amount to obtain mud B; continuously stirring the slurry B, and simultaneously adding the immortal water to obtain slurry C; putting the slurry C into a pug mill and stirring for 3-4 hours to obtain finished slurry;
4) slurry filtration: starting the wet and dry pug layered vibrating screen, introducing the mud obtained in the step 3) into the wet and dry pug layered vibrating screen from the feeding screw for screening, and sending out a finished product from the discharging screw for later use after screening is finished;
5) pressing the slurry into cakes: putting the slurry obtained in the step 4) into a cake pressing machine for pressing cakes according to different requirements on water content;
6) weighing the pulp cakes: weighing the individual pulp cakes;
7) film pressing: pressing the pulp cake into a mould through a molding press according to the manufacturing requirement;
8) demolding: placing the mould pressed into the pulp cake at a dry and cool and ventilated place, naturally drying in the shade for 3-4 hours, and demoulding;
9) drying in the shade: placing the demolded pottery in a cool and dry and ventilated place for natural drying, wherein the drying time is controlled to be 3-4 days;
10) firing: firing the pottery obtained in the step 9) in a gas kiln at 1150 ℃ for 8-9h, stopping heating, naturally cooling to normal temperature along with the gas kiln, and taking out the pottery from the kiln;
11) surface processing: and (3) polishing the surface of the pottery obtained in the step 10) by using a polisher, and then waxing to obtain a finished Dai pottery handicraft.
And further, after the step 4) is finished, starting the high-pressure spray head, cleaning the wet and dry dual-purpose mud material layered vibrating screen, and storing the waste water containing the slurry residues in a waste liquid recovery box for precipitation and recycling after cleaning.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has at least the following beneficial effects:
1) the traditional Dai pottery can be only manually manufactured to ensure the quality of pottery due to the use of raw materials with regional characteristics, cannot be manufactured by modern means such as pressing die and the like, has complicated working procedures and consumes manpower; according to the invention, through improvement of the raw material ratio, the mould batch production is realized, the obtained products have uniform specification, the production cost is reduced, and meanwhile, the Dai pottery produced by mould can still reach the art height of the Dai pottery made by hand;
2) according to the invention, through improvement of the formula and the process flow, the accurate control of the color and the glossiness of the fired pottery can be realized;
3) according to the invention, through improvement of the formula and the process flow, the mould can be rapidly demoulded, and the artistry of the pottery is not damaged;
4) the processing equipment is improved, so that the waste materials in the manufacturing process can be recycled, and the production cost is reduced;
5) the invention reduces the production cycle and saves the time cost of manufacturing and processing by improving the formula and the process flow.
In conclusion, on the premise of keeping the artistic value of the Dai pottery product, the production cost is saved, the production efficiency is improved, a complete and systematic production flow is provided for the modern production of the Dai pottery, and a certain positive effect is achieved on the propagation and development of Dai pottery culture.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a Dai pottery handicraft earthenware clay vibrating screen device according to the present invention;
in the figure: a screening chamber 1; a vibrating screen body 2; a fixed platform 3; a support column 4; a vibration motor 5; a spring 6; a screen 7; a middle material discharge port 8; a discharge port 9; a discharge screw 10; a cover 11; a feed inlet 12; a feed channel 13; a feed screw 14; a discharge channel 15; a first discharge section 16; a second discharge section 17; a waste liquid discharge pipe 18; a waste liquid recovery tank 19; an air intake duct 20; an electric heating blower 21; a spring buffer ring 22; a high-pressure nozzle 23; an inlet pipe 24.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1:
example 1:
the Dai pottery handicraft clay comprises the following components: raw mud, sodium humate, xianhui and raw water.
Example 2:
on the basis of the embodiment 1, the ceramic mud comprises the following components in parts by weight: 40 parts of raw material mud, 6-18 parts of sodium humate, 0.3-2.4 parts of xianhui and 20 parts of raw material water.
Example 3:
based on examples 1-2, the raw sludge components include, but are not limited to, SiO2、Al2O3、Fe2O3、 K2O、TiO2、FeO、Na2O。
Example 4:
on the basis of the embodiments 1-3, the raw mud material comprises the following components in parts by weight: SiO 2250-80 parts of Al2O312-23 parts of Fe2O32-18 parts, K21-3 parts of O and TiO20.9-1.8 parts of FeO 0.1-0.6 parts of Na20.1-0.3 part of O.
Example 5:
on the basis of the embodiments 1-4, the raw mud material comprises the following components in parts by weight: SiO 2270 parts of Al2O315 parts of Fe2O312 parts of, K2O2 part, TiO21.5 parts of FeO 0.3 and Na20.2 part of O.
Example 6:
a vibrating screen device for Dai pottery artware clay comprises a screening chamber (1) and a vibrating screen body (2); a fixed platform (3) is arranged in the screening chamber (1); a support column (4) is arranged below the fixed platform (3); the vibrating screen body (2) is arranged above the fixed platform (3); a vibrating motor (5) is arranged at the bottom of the vibrating screen body (2); two vibration motors (5) are symmetrically arranged at two sides of the discharge hole (9); the bottom edge of the movable sieve body (2) is connected with the fixed platform (3) through a plurality of springs (6); a plurality of layers of screen meshes (7) are movably arranged in the vibrating screen body (2) from top to bottom in sequence; the side wall of each layer of screen (7) is provided with an intermediate material outlet (8); a discharge hole (9) is formed in the center of the bottom of the vibrating screen body (2); the bottom of the discharge hole (9) is connected with a discharge screw (10); the tail end of the discharge screw (10) is arranged outside the screening chamber (1); a sealing cover (11) is arranged at the top of the vibrating screen body (2); a feed inlet (12) is arranged in the center of the sealing cover (11); a feeding channel (13) is arranged in the feeding hole (12) in a penetrating way; the tail end of the feeding channel (13) is arranged outside the screening chamber (1); a feeding screw (14) is arranged at the top of the feeding channel (13);
a discharging channel (15) is arranged between the discharging hole (9) and the discharging screw (10); the discharge channel (15) comprises a first discharge section (16) and a second discharge section (17); one end of the first discharging section (16) is connected with the discharging port (9), and the other end is connected with the second discharging section (17); the first discharging section (16) is made of flexible materials; the second discharging section (17) is fixedly arranged on the fixed platform (3) in a penetrating way, and the bottom of the second discharging section is connected with the discharging spiral (10); a waste liquid discharge pipe (18) is communicated with the second discharge section (17); the tail end of the waste liquid discharge pipe (18) is connected with a waste liquid recovery box (19); an air inlet pipeline (20) is connected to the second discharging section (17); the tail end of the air inlet pipeline (20) is connected with an electric heating blower (21); a high-pressure spray head (23) is arranged on the inner wall of the sealing cover (11); the high-pressure spray head (23) is connected with a water inlet pipe (24); a spring buffer ring (22) is arranged at the inner edge of the feed port (12); the tail end of the feeding channel (13) is arranged in the sealing cover (11) through a spring buffer ring (22); the end of the feed channel (13) is arranged in a trumpet shape.
Example 7:
a Dai pottery handicraft manufacturing process comprises the following steps: the method comprises the following steps:
1) pretreatment of raw mud materials: drying the raw mud material until the water content is lower than 5%, adding the dried raw mud material into a ball mill for grinding, sieving the ground raw mud material in a wet-dry mud material layering vibrating screen, and discharging the raw mud material from a discharging spiral (10) to obtain powder with the granularity of 500 meshes or less for later use; returning the particles with the particle size larger than 500 meshes to the ball mill for continuous grinding until the required particle size is achieved; before the dry-wet dual-purpose pug layered vibrating screen is used, an electric heating blower (21) is started to dry water vapor in the equipment;
2) pretreatment of raw material water: taking raw material water, adding a proper amount of precipitator, decolorant and bactericide, standing for 10h, then filtering, boiling, cooling, filtering for the second time, and standing to obtain raw material water for later use;
3) preparing slurry: firstly, mixing and stirring raw material mud and half of raw material water to obtain mud A, then dissolving sodium humate into the other half of raw material water, and adding the obtained solution into the mud A for a plurality of times in a small amount to obtain mud B; continuously stirring the slurry B, and simultaneously adding the immortal water to obtain slurry C; putting the slurry C into a pug mill and stirring for 3-4 hours to obtain finished slurry;
4) slurry filtration: starting the wet and dry pug layered vibrating screen, introducing the slurry obtained in the step 3) into the wet and dry pug layered vibrating screen from the feeding screw (14) for screening, and sending out a finished product from the discharging screw (10) for later use after screening is finished;
5) pressing the slurry into cakes: putting the slurry obtained in the step 4) into a cake pressing machine for pressing cakes according to different requirements on water content;
6) weighing the pulp cakes: weighing the individual pulp cakes;
7) film pressing: pressing the pulp cake into a mould through a molding press according to the manufacturing requirement;
8) demolding: placing the mould pressed into the pulp cake at a dry and cool and ventilated place, naturally drying in the shade for 3-4 hours, and demoulding;
9) drying in the shade: placing the demolded pottery in a cool and dry and ventilated place for natural drying, wherein the drying time is controlled to be 3-4 days;
10) firing: firing the pottery obtained in the step 9 in a gas kiln at 1150 ℃ for 8-9h, stopping heating, naturally cooling to normal temperature along with the gas kiln, and taking out the pottery from the kiln;
11) surface processing: and (3) polishing the surface of the pottery obtained in the step (10) through a polisher, and then waxing to obtain a finished product Dai pottery handicraft.
And 4) after the step 4), starting the high-pressure spray head (23), cleaning the wet and dry dual-purpose mud material layered vibrating screen, and storing the waste water containing the slurry residues in a waste liquid recovery box (19) for precipitation and recycling after cleaning.
Example 7:
a Dai pottery handicraft manufacturing process comprises the following steps:
raw material mud: building water ceramic clay: mass ratio of SiO270 parts of Al2O315 parts of Fe2O312 parts of, K2O2 part, TiO21.5 parts of FeO 0.3 and Na20.2 part of O.
Raw material water: water from the Lilijiang river in Dehong State.
The mixture ratio by mass is as follows: 40 parts of raw material mud, 11 parts of sodium humate, 0.4 part of xianhui and 20 parts of raw material water.
The manufacturing process comprises the following steps:
1) pretreatment of raw mud materials: drying the raw mud material until the water content is lower than 5%, adding the dried raw mud material into a ball mill for grinding, sieving the ground raw mud material in a wet-dry mud material layering vibrating screen, and discharging the raw mud material from a discharging spiral 10 to obtain powder with the granularity of 500 meshes or less for later use; returning the particles with the particle size larger than 500 meshes to the ball mill for continuous grinding until the required particle size is achieved; before the dry-wet dual-purpose pug layered vibrating screen is used, an electric heating blower 21 is started to dry water vapor in the equipment.
2) Pretreatment of raw material water: taking raw material water, adding a proper amount of precipitator, decolorant and bactericide, standing for 10h, then filtering, boiling, cooling, filtering for the second time, and standing to obtain raw material water for later use;
3) preparing slurry: firstly, mixing and stirring raw material mud and half of raw material water to obtain mud A, then dissolving sodium humate into the other half of raw material water, and adding the obtained solution into the mud A for a plurality of times in a small amount to obtain mud B; continuously stirring the slurry B, and simultaneously adding the immortal water to obtain slurry C; putting the slurry C into a pug mill and stirring for 3-4 hours to obtain finished slurry;
4) slurry filtration: starting the wet and dry pug layered vibrating screen, introducing the mud obtained in the step 3 into the wet and dry pug layered vibrating screen from the feeding screw 14 for screening, and sending out a finished product from the discharging screw 10 for later use after screening is finished;
5) pressing the slurry into cakes: putting the slurry obtained in the step (4) into a cake pressing machine according to different requirements on water content to press cakes;
6) weighing the pulp cakes: weighing the individual pulp cakes;
7) film pressing: pressing the pulp cake into a mould through a molding press according to the manufacturing requirement;
8) demolding: placing the mould pressed into the pulp cake at a dry and cool and ventilated place, naturally drying in the shade for 3-4 hours, and demoulding;
9) drying in the shade: placing the demolded pottery in a cool and dry and ventilated place for natural drying, wherein the drying time is controlled to be 3-4 days;
10) firing: firing the pottery obtained in the step 9 in a gas kiln at 1150 ℃ for 8-9h, stopping heating, naturally cooling to normal temperature along with the gas kiln, and taking out the pottery from the kiln;
11) surface processing: and (3) polishing the surface of the pottery obtained in the step (10) through a polisher, and then waxing to obtain a finished product Dai pottery handicraft.
As shown in table 1, the manufacturing process parameters for some of the handicraft articles:
table 1 part of the process parameters for the manufacture of the handicraft
Example 8:
dai pottery handicraft manufacturing process
Raw material mud: building water ceramic clay: mass ratio of SiO270 parts of Al2O315 parts of Fe2O33 parts of, K2O2 part, TiO21.0 part of FeO 0.1 and Na20.1 part of O.
Raw material water: water from the Lilijiang river in Dehong State.
The mixture ratio by mass is as follows: 40 parts of raw material mud, 10 parts of sodium humate, 0.5 part of xianhui and 20 parts of raw material water.
The manufacturing process comprises the following steps:
1) pretreatment of raw mud materials: drying the raw mud material until the water content is lower than 5%, adding the dried raw mud material into a ball mill for grinding, sieving the ground raw mud material in a wet-dry mud material layering vibrating screen, and discharging the raw mud material from a discharging spiral 10 to obtain powder with the granularity of 500 meshes or less for later use; returning the particles with the particle size larger than 500 meshes to the ball mill for continuous grinding until the required particle size is achieved; before the dry-wet dual-purpose pug layered vibrating screen is used, an electric heating blower 21 is started to dry water vapor in the equipment;
2) pretreatment of raw material water: taking raw material water, adding a proper amount of precipitator, decolorant and bactericide, standing for 10h, then filtering, boiling, cooling, filtering for the second time, and standing to obtain raw material water for later use;
3) preparing slurry: firstly, mixing and stirring raw material mud and half of raw material water to obtain mud A, then dissolving sodium humate into the other half of raw material water, and adding the obtained solution into the mud A for a plurality of times in a small amount to obtain mud B; continuously stirring the slurry B, and simultaneously adding the immortal water to obtain slurry C; putting the slurry C into a pug mill and stirring for 3-4 hours to obtain finished slurry;
4) slurry filtration: starting the wet and dry pug layered vibrating screen, introducing the mud obtained in the step 3 into the wet and dry pug layered vibrating screen from the feeding screw 14 for screening, and sending out a finished product from the discharging screw 10 for later use after screening is finished;
5) pressing the slurry into cakes: putting the slurry obtained in the step (4) into a cake pressing machine according to different requirements on water content to press cakes;
6) weighing the pulp cakes: weighing the individual pulp cakes;
7) film pressing: pressing the pulp cake into a mould through a molding press according to the manufacturing requirement;
8) demolding: placing the mould pressed into the pulp cake at a dry and cool and ventilated place, naturally drying in the shade for 3-4 hours, and demoulding;
9) drying in the shade: placing the demolded pottery in a cool and dry and ventilated place for natural drying, wherein the drying time is controlled to be 3-4 days;
10) firing: firing the pottery obtained in the step 9 in a gas kiln at 1150 ℃ for 8-9h, stopping heating, naturally cooling to normal temperature along with the gas kiln, and taking out the pottery from the kiln;
11) surface processing: and (3) polishing the surface of the pottery obtained in the step (10) through a polisher, and then waxing to obtain a finished product Dai pottery handicraft.
As shown in table 1, the manufacturing process parameters for some of the handicraft articles:
table 1 part of the process parameters for the manufacture of the handicraft
The above description is only exemplary of the present invention and should not be taken as limiting, since any modifications, equivalents, improvements and the like which are within the spirit and principle of the present invention are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The Dai pottery handicraft clay is characterized by comprising the following components: raw mud, sodium humate, xianhui and raw water.
2. The Dai pottery handicraft clay according to claim 1, wherein the clay comprises the following components in parts by weight: 40 parts of raw material mud, 6-18 parts of sodium humate, 0.3-2.4 parts of xian shui and 20 parts of raw material water.
3. The Dai pottery handicraft earthenware clay as claimed in claim 2, wherein the raw material includes but is not limited to SiO2、Al2O3、Fe2O3、K2O、TiO2、FeO、Na2O。
4. The Dai pottery handicraft earthenware clay of claim 3, wherein the raw material comprises, by weight: SiO 2250-80 parts of Al2O312-23 parts of Fe2O32-18 parts, K21-3 parts of O and TiO20.9-1.8 parts of FeO 0.1-0.6 parts of Na20.1-0.3 part of O.
5. The Dai pottery handicraft earthenware clay of claim 4, characterized in that the raw material comprises, by weight: SiO 2270 parts of Al2O315 parts of Fe2O312 parts of, K2O2 part, TiO21.5 parts of FeO 0.3 and Na20.2 part of O.
6. The Dai pottery handicraft earthenware clay as claimed in claim 1, wherein the raw material clay is building water earthenware clay; the raw material water is the water of the Lilijiang river in the Delhong state.
7. A vibrating screen device for Dai pottery artware clay is characterized by comprising a screening chamber (1) and a vibrating screen body (2); a fixed platform (3) is arranged in the screening chamber (1); a support column (4) is arranged below the fixed platform (3); the vibrating screen body (2) is arranged above the fixed platform (3); a vibrating motor (5) is arranged at the bottom of the vibrating screen body (2); two vibration motors (5) are symmetrically arranged at two sides of the discharge hole (9); the bottom edge of the movable sieve body (2) is connected with the fixed platform (3) through a plurality of springs (6); a plurality of layers of screen meshes (7) are movably arranged in the vibrating screen body (2) from top to bottom in sequence; the side wall of each layer of screen (7) is provided with an intermediate material outlet (8); a discharge hole (9) is formed in the center of the bottom of the vibrating screen body (2); the bottom of the discharge hole (9) is connected with a discharge screw (10); the tail end of the discharge screw (10) is arranged outside the screening chamber (1); a sealing cover (11) is arranged at the top of the vibrating screen body (2); a feed inlet (12) is arranged in the center of the sealing cover (11); a feeding channel (13) is arranged in the feeding hole (12) in a penetrating way; the tail end of the feeding channel (13) is arranged outside the screening chamber (1); the top of the feeding channel (13) is provided with a feeding screw (14).
8. The device according to claim 7, characterized in that a discharge channel (15) is arranged between the discharge opening (9) and the discharge screw (10); the discharge channel (15) comprises a first discharge section (16) and a second discharge section (17); one end of the first discharging section (16) is connected with the discharging port (9), and the other end is connected with the second discharging section (17); the first discharging section (16) is made of flexible materials; the second discharging section (17) is fixedly arranged on the fixed platform (3) in a penetrating way, and the bottom of the second discharging section is connected with the discharging spiral (10); a waste liquid discharge pipe (18) is communicated with the second discharge section (17); the tail end of the waste liquid discharge pipe (18) is connected with a waste liquid recovery box (19); an air inlet pipeline (20) is connected to the second discharging section (17); the tail end of the air inlet pipeline (20) is connected with an electric heating blower (21); a high-pressure spray head (23) is arranged on the inner wall of the sealing cover (11); the high-pressure spray head (23) is connected with a water inlet pipe (24); a spring buffer ring (22) is arranged at the inner edge of the feed port (12); the tail end of the feeding channel (13) is arranged in the sealing cover (11) through a spring buffer ring (22); the end of the feed channel (13) is arranged in a trumpet shape.
9. The Dai pottery handicraft manufacturing process using the device of claim 8, comprising the following steps:
1) pretreatment of raw mud materials: drying the raw mud material until the water content is lower than 5%, adding the dried raw mud material into a ball mill for grinding, sieving the ground raw mud material in a wet-dry mud material layering vibrating screen, and discharging the raw mud material from a discharging spiral (10) to obtain powder with the granularity of 500 meshes or less for later use; returning the particles with the particle size larger than 500 meshes to the ball mill for continuous grinding until the required particle size is achieved; before the dry-wet dual-purpose pug layered vibrating screen is used, an electric heating blower (21) is started to dry water vapor in the equipment;
2) pretreatment of raw material water: taking raw material water, adding a proper amount of precipitator, decolorant and bactericide, standing for 10h, then filtering, boiling, cooling, filtering for the second time, and standing to obtain raw material water for later use;
3) preparing slurry: firstly, mixing and stirring raw material mud and half of raw material water to obtain mud A, then dissolving sodium humate into the other half of raw material water, and adding the obtained solution into the mud A for a plurality of times in a small amount to obtain mud B; continuously stirring the slurry B, and simultaneously adding the immortal water to obtain slurry C; putting the slurry C into a pug mill and stirring for 3-4 hours to obtain finished slurry;
4) slurry filtration: starting the wet and dry pug layered vibrating screen, introducing the slurry obtained in the step 3) into the wet and dry pug layered vibrating screen from the feeding screw (14) for screening, and sending out a finished product from the discharging screw (10) for later use after screening is finished;
5) pressing the slurry into cakes: putting the slurry obtained in the step 4) into a cake pressing machine for pressing cakes according to different requirements on water content;
6) weighing the pulp cakes: weighing the individual pulp cakes;
7) film pressing: pressing the pulp cake into a mould through a molding press according to the manufacturing requirement;
8) demolding: placing the mould pressed into the pulp cake at a dry and cool and ventilated place, naturally drying in the shade for 3-4 hours, and demoulding;
9) drying in the shade: placing the demolded pottery in a cool and dry and ventilated place for natural drying, wherein the drying time is controlled to be 3-4 days;
10) firing: firing the pottery obtained in the step 9 in a gas kiln at 1150 ℃ for 8-9h, stopping heating, naturally cooling to normal temperature along with the gas kiln, and taking out the pottery from the kiln;
11) surface processing: and (3) polishing the surface of the pottery obtained in the step 10) by using a polisher, and then waxing to obtain a finished Dai pottery handicraft.
10. The Dai pottery handicraft manufacturing process according to claim 9, wherein after the step 4), the high pressure nozzle (23) is started to clean the wet and dry dual-purpose pug layered vibrating screen, and the waste water containing the slurry residue after cleaning is stored in the waste liquid recycling tank (19) for recycling after precipitation.
CN202010279471.6A 2020-04-10 2020-04-10 Dai pottery handicraft clay formula and manufacturing process thereof Pending CN111454042A (en)

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105819831A (en) * 2016-03-11 2016-08-03 遵义泥牛黄工艺品有限公司 Green ceramic product and production method thereof
CN106278139A (en) * 2016-08-24 2017-01-04 红河火宝文化产业有限公司 A kind of purple pottery earth dispensing and compound method thereof
CN106630933A (en) * 2017-01-09 2017-05-10 许树清 Purple sand mud material preparation method
CN206763348U (en) * 2017-04-27 2017-12-19 张于治 The yellow sand screening plant of construction
CN207138245U (en) * 2017-04-07 2018-03-27 宁波大学 A kind of modified chemical industry just expects screening machine
CN108610003A (en) * 2018-05-28 2018-10-02 钦州学院 The manufacture craft of sky blue Nixing pottery
CN109748568A (en) * 2019-02-28 2019-05-14 荣县明峰陶业有限公司 Automation pottery product processes
CN212190045U (en) * 2020-11-24 2020-12-22 新乡市振英机械设备有限公司 Vibrating screen capable of screening multiple materials simultaneously
CN112592153A (en) * 2020-12-15 2021-04-02 黄俊敏 Formula and firing method of activated ceramic by utilizing siliceous sandstone mineral aggregate in Yunnan province

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105819831A (en) * 2016-03-11 2016-08-03 遵义泥牛黄工艺品有限公司 Green ceramic product and production method thereof
CN106278139A (en) * 2016-08-24 2017-01-04 红河火宝文化产业有限公司 A kind of purple pottery earth dispensing and compound method thereof
CN106630933A (en) * 2017-01-09 2017-05-10 许树清 Purple sand mud material preparation method
CN207138245U (en) * 2017-04-07 2018-03-27 宁波大学 A kind of modified chemical industry just expects screening machine
CN206763348U (en) * 2017-04-27 2017-12-19 张于治 The yellow sand screening plant of construction
CN108610003A (en) * 2018-05-28 2018-10-02 钦州学院 The manufacture craft of sky blue Nixing pottery
CN109748568A (en) * 2019-02-28 2019-05-14 荣县明峰陶业有限公司 Automation pottery product processes
CN212190045U (en) * 2020-11-24 2020-12-22 新乡市振英机械设备有限公司 Vibrating screen capable of screening multiple materials simultaneously
CN112592153A (en) * 2020-12-15 2021-04-02 黄俊敏 Formula and firing method of activated ceramic by utilizing siliceous sandstone mineral aggregate in Yunnan province

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